This Day in History for 1st January

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 425

153 BC - Roman consuls begin their year in office.
45 BC - The Julian calendar takes effect for the first time.
1 - Origin of Christian Era
69 - Roman garrison of Mainz uprising
89 - Gov Lucius Antonius Saturninus of Germany becomes emperor of Rome
313 - Start of Roman (Pontifical) Indiction
404 - Last gladiator competition in Rome
630 - The Prophet Muhammad sets out toward Mecca with the army that captures it bloodlessly.
722 - Hofmeier Charles Martel flees from bishop Willibrord
990 - Russia adopts Julian calendar
1259 - Michael VIII Palaiologos is proclaimed co-emperor of the Empire of Nicaea with his ward John IV Laskaris.
1430 - Jews of Sicily are no longer required to attend conversionist services
1438 - Albrecht II von Habsburg becomes king of Hungary
1494 - Juw Dekama elected potentate of Frisia
1502 - Portuguese navigators discover Rio de Janeiro
1504 - King Louis XII loses last bulwark in Naples, Caeta
1515 - Francois, Duke of Angouleme succeeds Louis XII as Francois I of France
1515 - Jews are expelled from Laibach Austria
1515 - King Francis I of France succeeds to the French throne.
1527 - Croatian nobles elect Ferdinand I of Austria as king of Croatia in the Parliament on Cetin.
1573 - Geuzen sets fire to Woudrichem
1583 - 1st day of the Gregorian calendar in Holland & Flanders
1600 - Scotland begins its numbered year on January 1 instead of 25 March.
Astronomer & Physicist Galileo GalileiAstronomer & Physicist Galileo Galilei 1610 - German astronomer Simon Marius 1st discovers the Jupiter moons, but does not officially report it, Galileo does on July 1 1610
1622 - Papal Chancery adopts Jan 1 as beginning of the year (was Mar 25)
1651 - Charles II Stuart crowned king of Scotland
1660 - 1st entry in Samuel Pepys' diary
1660 - General Moncks army battles with the Tweed on way to London
1660 - Thomas Fairfax' New Model-army occupies York
1672 - Jean Racine's "Bajazet," premieres in Paris
1673 - Regular mail delivery begins between NY & Boston
1675 - Don Carlos de Gurrea/Aragon becomes Spanish land guardian of S Neth
1689 - Pro-James II-earl of Danby occupies York
1700 - Protestant Western Europe (except England) begin using Gregorian calendar
1700 - Russia begins using the Anno Domini era and no longer uses the Anno Mundi era of the Byzantine Empire.
1707 - John V succeeds his father Pedro II as king of Portugal
1739 - J B C Bouvet de Lozier discovers Bouvet Island, near Antarctica
1770 - Date of action in the opera "Madeleine"
King Charles IIKing Charles II 1772 - First traveler's cheques go on sale in London, can be used in 90 European cities
1776 - Gen George Washington hoists Continental Union Flag
1781 - 1,500 soldiers of the 6th Pennsylvania Regiment under General Anthony Wayne's command rebel against the Continental Army's winter camp in Morristown, New Jersey as part of the Pennsylvania (Continentals; Regiment) Mutiny of 1781.
1785 - "Daily Universal Register" (Times of London) publishes 1st issue
1788 - London's Daily Universal Registrar becomes the Times
1788 - Quakers in Pennsylvania emancipate their slaves
1797 - Albany replaces NYC as capital of NY
1798 - Russia appoints 1st Jewish censor to censor Hebrew books
1800 - Dutch East Indies Company dissolves
1801 - The Irish Parliament votes to join the Kingdom of Great Britain, forming the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
1801 - The dwarf planet Ceres is discovered by Giuseppe Piazzi.
1803 - Emperor Gia Long orders all bronze wares of the Tây Sơn Dynasty to be collected and melted into nine cannons for the Royal Citadel in Huế, Vietnam.
1804 - Haiti gains independence from France (National Day)
1807 - Curacao is taken by English (until March, 1816)
1808 - African Benevolent Society (education) forms
First US President George WashingtonFirst US President George Washington 1808 - Congress prohibits importation of slaves
1808 - Sierra Leone becomes a British colony
1809 - Holland Brigade under brig gen Chasse reaches Madrid
1814 - Field marshal Blucher's troops cross the Rhine at Kaub
1818 - Official reopening of the White House
1826 - Baron Van der Capellen resigns as governor of Dutch-Indies
1827 - Dutch Trade Company NHM gets opium monopoly on Java
1831 - William Lloyd Garrison publishes 1st issue of abolitionist journal
1833 - British government demands Falkland islands
1833 - Curacao census: 2,602 whites, 6,531 free people & 5,894 slaves
1834 - German Tolunie goes into effect
1838 - 1st official horse race in South Australia-Adelaide
1840 - 1st recorded bowling match in US, Knickerbocker Alleys, NYC
1842 - 1st illustrated weekly magazine in US publishes 1st issue, NYC
1844 - 1st edition of New Rotterdam's Daily (3x per week)
Abolitionist William Lloyd GarrisonAbolitionist William Lloyd Garrison 1845 - The Cobble Hill Tunnel in Brooklyn is completed.
1846 - Yucatan declares independence from Mexico
1847 - Michigan is 1st state to abolish capital punishment
1847 - Neth's Haarlem's Current newspaper starts publishing
1848 - Britain takes Mosquito Coast from Nicaragua
1851 - City of Glasgow steamer inaugurates Philadelphia-Liverpool line
1852 - 1st US public bath opens, in NYC
1852 - National debt of Britain & Ireland is 765,126,582 pounds
1852 - Netherlands begins issuing postage stamps
1853 - 1st practical fire engine (horse-drawn) in US enters service
1854 - Lincoln University, a black college, chartered (Oxford, Penn)
1858 - Canada begins using decimal currency system
1860 - Slavery ends of in Neth Indies
1861 - Porfirio Diaz conquers Mexico City
1861 - President Lincoln declares slavery in Confederate states unlawful
1862 - 1st US income tax (3% of incomes > $600, 5% of incomes > $10,000)
1862 - Battle of Ft McRee, FL Battle of Port Royal, SC (Port Royal Ferry)
1863 - 1st homestead under the Homestead Act claimed, near Beatrice, Nebr
1863 - Battle of Galveston, Texas-Confederates recapture the city
1863 - Emancipation Proclamation (ending slavery) issued by Lincoln
Composer Franz SchubertComposer Franz Schubert 1863 - Franz Schubert's "Missa Solemnis," premieres in Leipzig
1865 - -Apr 26th] Carolinas' campaign
1871 - Belgium disbands salt tax
1873 - Origin of Japanese Era
1874 - New York City annexes the Bronx
1876 - The Reichsbank opens in Berlin.
1877 - England's Queen Victoria proclaimed empress of India
1879 - John Brahms' Violin Concerto in D major premieres in Leipzig
1880 - Building of Panama Canal, begins
1881 - Dr John H Watson is introduced to Sherlock Holmes
1886 - 1st Tournament of Roses (Pasadena California)
1890 - Eritrea is consolidated into a colony by the Italian government.

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 352

766 - Ali al-Rida, Shia Imam (d. 818)
1431 - Alexander VI [Rodrigo Borgia], Spanish/Italian pope (1492-1503)
1449 - Lorenzo de 'Medici (The Magnificent), Florentine statesman (d. 1492)
1467 - Sigismund I, the old, king of Poland
1484 - Huldrych Zwingli, Swiss Protestant leader (d. 1531)
1504 - Caspar Cruciger, German church reformer
1511 - Henry, Duke of Cornwall (d. 1511)
1516 - Margaret Leijonhufvud, Queen of Gustav I of Sweden (d. 1551)
1520 - Franciscus Balduinus, [Francois Baudouin], lawyer
1557 - István Bocskay, Prince of Transylvania (d. 1606)
1600 - Friedrich Spanheim, Dutch theologian (d. 1649)
1614 - John Wilkins, English Bishop of Chester (d. 1672)
1618 - Bartolomé Esteban Murillo, Spain, Baroque artist [baptized]
1622 - Isaac Sweers, Dutch Admiral/general/Civil rights activist
1628 - Christoph Bernhard, German composer
1638 - Antoinette du Ligier de la Guard Deshoulieres, French poet/playwright
1638 - Emperor Go-Sai of Japan (d. 1685)
1648 - Elkanah Settle, English writer (d. 1724)
1652 - Johann Krieger, composer
1655 - Christian Thomasius, German jurist (d. 1728)
1684 - Arnold Drakenborch, Dutch classical scholar (d. 1748)
1697 - Johann Pfeiffer, composer
1704 - Soame Jenyns, English writer (d. 1787)
1709 - Johann H H Butz, German/Dutch organ builder
1711 - Franz Freiherr von der Trenck, Austrian soldier (d. 1749)
1714 - Kristijonas Donelaitis, Lutheran pastor, Lithuanian poet (The Seas)
1723 - Christian Friedrich Gregor, composer
1729 - Edmund Burke, British author (Philosophy & Inquiry) [NS=Jan 12]
1734 - John F E Acton, cruel premier of Naples
1735 - Paul Revere, silversmith/US patriot (British are coming)
1745 - "Mad" Anthony Wayne, general
1748 - Giovanni Furno, composer
1750 - Frederick Muhlenberg, American statesman (d. 1801)
Seamstress Credited with Creating the First American Flag Betsy RossSeamstress Credited with Creating the First American Flag Betsy Ross (1752) 1752 - Betsy Ross [Elizabeth Griscom], seamstress widely credited with making the first American flag
1764 - John Kinker, Dutch linguist/philosopher/poet (Minderjarige Zangster)
1767 - Maria Edgeworth, Anglo-Irish novelist (d. 1849)
1774 - André Marie Constant Duméril, French zoologist (d. 1860)
1777 - Micah Hawkins, composer
1779 - William Clowes, English printer (d. 1847)
1784 - William Beale, composer
1800 - Sydney Nelson, composer
1800 - Vaclav Horak, composer
1809 - John Pieter Heije, Dutch physician/writer/poet (Silver Fleet)
1814 - Hong Xiuquan, Chinese rebel (d. 1864)
1815 - Charles Renouvier, French philosopher (neocriticism)
1819 - Arthur Hugh Clough, poet, friend of Matthew Arnold
1819 - George Foster Shepley, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1878
1823 - Sándor Petőfi, Hungarian poet and revolutionary (d. 1849)
1827 - William Lewis "Old Tige" Cabell, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
1831 - William Joseph Westbrook, composer
1833 - Robert Lawson, New Zealand architect (d. 1902)
1834 - Ludovic Halévy, French playwright (d. 1908)
1838 - William Hugh Young, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1901
1843 - Nikolay Nikolayevich Lodizhensky, composer
1846 - Nikola Pasic, Serbian nationalist/premier (1891..1926)
1848 - John Goff, Irish lawyer (d. 1924)
1852 - Eugène-Anatole Demarçay, French chemist (d. 1904)
1853 - Hans Koessler, composer
1854 - James Frazer, Britain, anthropologist/author (The Golden Bough)
1862 - Snitz Edwards, Hungary, actor (College, Phantom of the Opera)
1863 - Aleko Konstantinov, Bulgarian writer (To Chicago & Back)
1863 - Pierre de Coubertin, France, baron (revived Olympic games)
1864 - Alfred Stieglitz, US photographer/art dealer (Camera Work)
1865 - Giuseppe Ferrata, composer
1867 - Charles Edward Montague, English author/critic (Fiery Particles)
1867 - Lew Fields, comedian (of Weber & Fields)
1868 - Snitz Edwards, American actor (d. 1937)
1873 - Mariano Azuela, Mexico, novelist (The Flies, The Bosses)
1874 - Hugo Leichtentritt, composer
1874 - Gustave Whitehead, German inventor (d. 1927)
1874 - Frank Knox, American Secretary of the Navy (d. 1944)
1875 - Charles Rist, French economist
1875 - N F Druce, cricketer (5 Tests for England v Australia 1897-98)
1876 - Johan C Altorf, sculptor (October 3rd monument)
1876 - Harriet Brooks, Canadian physicist (d. 1933)
1878 - Edwin Franko Goldman, composer
1878 - Agner Krarup Erlang, Danish scientist and engineer (d. 1929)
1879 - Edward M Forster, England, novelist (Howards End, Passage to India)
1879 - Emile Argand, Swiss geologist (Dekbladen Theory)
1879 - Ernest Jones, British psychoanalyst (Life & Work of Sigmund Freud)
1879 - William Fox, US film pioneer (Nickelodeon)
1880 - Edie Martin, London England, actress (Titfield Thunderbolt)
1880 - Shalom Asch, Poland, yiddish writer (Motke Ganev)
1881 - Carry van Bridges, [de Haan], Dutch author (Heleen, Eva)
1881 - Vajiravudh, King of Thailand (d. 1925)
1882 - W C Wendelaar, mayor of Alkmaar (1919-34)/Dutch MP (VVD)
1883 - Federigo Tozzi, Italian writer/journalist (La Torre, Tre Croci)
1883 - [Hei]ko E Arnoldi, Dutch actor (3 Drops of Water)/theater director
1885 - Roland Diggle, composer
1887 - Wilhelm Canaris, German admiral/head German military intelligence
1888 - John Garand, American inventor (d. 1974)
1889 - Alexander Smallens, St Petersburg, Russia, conductor
1889 - Charles Bickford, Cambridge Massachusetts, actor (John-The Virginian)
1889 - Tadeusz Jarecki, composer
1889 - Tom Dugan, Dublin Ireland, actor (Circus Clown, Drag, Skyway)
1890 - Florence Lawrence, Hamilton Ont, silent screen actress (Confidence)
1890 - Anton Melik, Slovenian geographer (d. 1966)
1891 - Frank Pettingell, Liverpool England, actor (Gaslight, Goose Steps Out)
1892 - Artur Rodzinski, Spalato, Dalmatia, Poland, conductor/composer
1892 - Manuel Roxas y Acuna, 1st president Philippines

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 16 of 16

414 - King Ataulf of Narbonne marries emperor Honorius sister Galle Placidia
1772 - US founding father Thomas Jefferson (30) marries Martha Wayles Skelton (23)
1956 - Actor Gene Hackman (25) weds Fay Maltese
1958 - Sammy Davis Jr marries Loray White
1972 - Politician Aung San Suu Kyi (26) weds author Michael Aris (25)
1979 - Film director John Carpenter (30) weds actress Adrienne Barbeau (33)
1988 - Actor Michael Biehn (31) weds film producer Gina Marsh
1989 - Actor Leonard Nimoy (57) weds actress Susan Bay
1994 - Microsoft CEO Bill Gates (38) marries Melinda French (29)
2002 - Legendary guitarist Eric Clapton (56) weds Melia McEnery (25) at St. Mary Magdalen Church in Surrey, London
2003 - "Lord of The Rings" actress Miranda Otto (35) weds actor Peter O'Brien (44) at St. Mary's Cathedral in Sydney, Australia
2003 - "A Beautiful Mind" actress Jennifer Connelly (32) weds actor Paul Bettany in Scotland
2004 - Singer Lou Rawls (71) weds Nina Malek Inman at the Peabody Hotel in Memphis, Tennessee
2011 - Singer-songwriter Kellie Pickler (25) weds country music songwriter Kyle Jacobs (34) at the Jumby Bay Resort in Antigua
2011 - Singer-songwriter Shania Twain (46) weds Swiss business executive Frederic Thiebaud in Rincon, Puerto Rico
2011 - "Hot in Cleveland" star Valerie Bertinelli weds financial planner Tom Vitale at their home in Malibu, California

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 179

379 - Saint Basil the Great, Bishop of Caesare and theologian (Moralia), dies
404 - Telemachus, Roman monk, murdered
874 - Hasan al-Askari, eleventh Shia Imam (b. 846)
898 - Odo, earl of Paris/king of France (888-98), dies at about 39
962 - Boudouin III, count of Flanders, dies
1204 - King Haakon III of Norway (c. 1170)
1387 - Charles, The Bad, King of Navarra (1349-87) dies burnt alive
1515 - Louis XII, "the Justified" king of France (1498-1515), dies at 52
1517 - Hermann Vischer, the Younger, German bronze merchant, dies
1554 - Pedro de Valdivia, Spanish conquistador (b. 1500)
1557 - Jacques Cartier, French explorer (Canada), dies at 65
1559 - Christian III, king of Denmark/Norway (1534-59), dies
1560 - Guillaume du Bellay, Sieur de Langey, French soldier, dies
1617 - Hendrick Goltzius, Dutch painter/cartoonist/engraver, dies
1626 - Cornelis Pieterse Hoft, Amsterdam merchant/regent, dies at 68
1630 - Tetsugen, Zen teacher (Jodo sect converted to Obaku Zen), dies
1631 - Thomas Hobson, the "Cambridge Carrier", eponym of Hobson's Choice (b. 1544)
1661 - Pieter Claesz, Dutch still life painter, dies at about 64
1697 - Filippo Baldinucci, Florentine biographer/historian (b. 1624)
1701 - Pietro Sanmartini, composer, dies at 64
1716 - William Wycherley, dramatist (The Country Wife), dies at about 75
1730 - Daniel Finch, 2nd earl of Nottingham, dies at 82
1730 - Samuel Sewall, English judge (b. 1652)
1742 - Peregrine Bertie, 2nd Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven, English statesman (b. 1686)
1748 - Johann Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician (b. 1667)
1753 - Louis-Maurice de La Pierre, composer, dies at 55
1758 - Johann F von Cronegk, German playwright (Codrus), dies at 26
1759 - Jacques-Joachim Trotti, marquis de La Chétardie, French adventurer (b. 1705)
1766 - James III Edward, Old Pretender/king of Gt Britain/Ireland, dies at 77
1768 - Jean-Laurent Krafft, composer, dies at 73
1777 - Emanuele Barbella, composer, dies at 58
1782 - Johann Christian Bach, German composer/Mozarts tutor, dies at 46
1784 - Patrice F earl de Neney, South Neth Secret Council chairman, dies at 67
1787 - Arthur Middleton, US farmer (signed Decl of Independence), dies at 44
1789 - Christleib Siegmund Binder, composer, dies at 65
1789 - Fletcher Norton, 1st Baron Grantley, English politician (b. 1716)
1793 - Francesco Guardi, Italian painter, dies at 80
1796 - Alexandre-Théophile Vandermonde, French mathematician (b. 1735)
1800 - Louis J M Daubenton, France, zoologist, dies at 83
1816 - Francois Alexander Sallantin, composer, dies at 60
1817 - Martin H Klaproth, German chemist (uranium), dies at 73
1818 - Fedele Fenaroli, composer, dies at 87
1850 - Raphael G Kiesewetter, Austria musicologist, dies at 76
1853 - Gregory Blaxland, Australian explorer (b. 1778)
1862 - Mikhail Vasilievich Ostrogradsky, Russian physicist (b. 1801)
1869 - Martin W. Bates, American politician (b. 1786)
1881 - Louis Auguste Blanqui, French political activist (b. 1805)
1887 - Johan Hendrik Koelman, portrait painter, dies at 66
1892 - Roswell B. Mason, Mayor of Chicago (b. 1805)
1894 - Heinrich Rudolf Hertz, German physicist (b. 1857)
1896 - Alfred Ely Beach, American inventor (b. 1826)
1901 - Ignatius Donnelly, US attorney/lt-governor (Minnesota), dies at 69
1906 - Joseph Miroslav Weber, composer, dies at 51
1906 - Sir Hugh Nelson, Premier of Queensland (b. 1835)
1907 - Cyrill Kistler, composer, dies at 58
1919 - William W Campbell, Canadian poet (Ian of the Orcades), dies at 60
1919 - Mikhail Drozdovsky, Russian general (b. 1881)
1920 - Paul Adam, French writer (L'enfant d'Austerlitz), dies at 57
1931 - Martinus Beijerinck, Dutch microbiologist and botanist (b. 1851)
1932 - C P Scott, British journalist, publisher and politician (b. 1846)
1934 - Jakob Wassermann, writer, dies at 60
1940 - Panuganti Lakshminarasimha Rao, Indian writer and essayist (b. 1865)
1942 - Jaroslav Jezek, composer, dies at 35
1943 - Colonel Andrew Summers Rowan, U.S. military officer who gave "a message to Garcia" (b. 1857)
1944 - C T B Turner, cricket (17 Tests 1886-95, 101 wkt All time great), dies
1944 - Sir Edward Lutyens, British architect who designed New Delhi (b. 1869)
1944 - Charles Turner, Australian cricketer (b. 1862)
1945 - Vit Nejedly, composer, dies at 33
1948 - Hermann K J Zilcher, German pianist/composer (Liebesmesse), dies at 66
1948 - Willem Louis Frederic Landre, composer, dies at 73
1949 - Malcolm Campbell, English cyclist (world speed-record), dies at 63
1953 - Hank Williams, country singer (Cold Cold Heart), dies at 29
1954 - Duff Cooper, British diplomat and writer (b. 1890)
1957 - Ruth Draper, US elocutionist, dies at 67 or 72
1957 - Seán South and Fergal O'Hanlon are killed in the Brookeborough Raid.
1958 - David Broekman, musican (Think Fast), dies at 55
1958 - Edward Weston, American photographer (b. 1886)
1960 - Margaret Sullavan, American actress (Three Comrades), dies of barbiturate overdose at 48
1962 - Diego Martínez Barrio, Spanish president (1939), dies at 76
1964 - Alf Hall, cricketer (S Afr lefty quick took 40 wkts in 7 Tests), dies
1964 - Otto Emanuel Olsson, composer, dies at 84
1964 - Rika Hopper, Dutch actress (Comedia, Anastasia), dies at about 86
1964 - Bechara El Khoury, President of Lebanon (b. 1890)
1965 - Gertrude Michael, actress (Caged, Cleopatra), dies at 53
1965 - Juan Bautista Plaza-Alfonzo, composer, dies at 66
1966 - Vincent Auriol, President of France (1947-53), dies at 82
1967 - Maurice Leyland, cricketer (41 Tests for England, 2764 runs), dies
1967 - Moon Mullican, rocker, dies at 58
1969 - Barton Maclane, actor (Gen Peterson-I Dream of Jeannie), dies at 68
1969 - Bruno Söderström, Swedish athlete (b. 1888)
1971 - Saint Amphilochius of Pochayiv, Ukrainian Orthodox Christian Saint (b. 1894)
1972 - Jane Morgan, actress (Mrs Margaret Davis-Our Miss Brooks), dies at 91
1972 - Maurice A Chevalier, French actor (Can Can, Gigi), dies at 83
1975 - Arthur Pierson, actor/director (Hat Check Girl), dies at 73
1980 - Frank Clifford Wykoff, sprinter (Olympic-gold-28, 32, 36), dies at 70
1980 - Pietro Nenni, Italian politician (Socialists), dies at 88
1981 - Hephzibah Menuhin, American-Jewish concert pianist (b. 1920)
1982 - Paul Belmondo, French sculptor (Bathing Woman, Orleans), dies at 83
1982 - Victor Buono, actor (Mr Schubert-Man from Atlantis), dies at 43
1982 - Vladimir K Zworykin, Russ/American engineer (cathode-ray tube), dies

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