This Day in History for 10th January

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 188

49 BC - Julius Caesar crosses the Rubicon, signaling the start of civil war.
69 - Roman emperor Galba adopts Marcus Piso Licinianus as Caesar
236 - St Fabian begins his reign as Catholic Pope
1072 - Robert Guiscard conquers Palermo
1356 - German emperor Charles I delegates Golden Degree
1429 - Order of Golden Fleece established in Austria-Hungary & Spain
1430 - Order of the Guilder forms
1475 - Stephen III of Moldavia defeats the Ottoman Empire at the Battle of Vaslui.
1514 - Complutensian New Testament in Hebrew, Aramaic, Greek & Latin finished
1550 - 1st sitting of "Vurige Chamber" in Paris
1642 - King Charles I & family flee London for Oxford
1663 - King Charles II affirms charter of Royal African Company
King Charles IIKing Charles II 1731 - Charles Farnese becomes duke of Parma/Piacenza
1776 - "Common Sense" Pamphlet by Thomas Paine, published advocating American independence
1799 - Friedrich von Schiller's "Die Piccolomini," premieres in Weimar
1806 - Dutch in Capetown surrender to British
1808 - Herman Daendels succeeds A Wiese as gov-gen of Neth Indies
1811 - Louisiana slaves rebell in 2 parishes
1833 - Felix Mendelssohn's "Die erste Walpurgisnacht," premieres in Berlin
1839 - Tea from India 1st arrives in UK
1840 - Penny Post mail system starts
Poet Robert BrowningPoet Robert Browning 1845 - Poets Elizabeth Barrett & Robert Browning begin corresponding
1853 - Charles Reade's "Gold," premieres in London
1861 - Fort Jackson & Fort Philip are taken over by LA state troops (US Civil War)
1861 - US forts & property seized by Mississippi
1861 - Florida secedes from the Union (US Civil War)
1862 - Battle of Big Sandy River, KY (Middle Creek)
1862 - Battle of Romney, WV
1863 - 1st underground railway opens in London
1863 - General McClernand's Union troops surround Fort Hindman Ark
1863 - January-uprising begins in Poland
1870 - Georgia legislature reconvenes
Oil Industrialist John D. RockefellerOil Industrialist John D. Rockefeller 1870 - John D Rockefeller incorporates Standard Oil
1878 - US Senate proposes female suffrage
1883 - Fire at uninsured Newhall Hotel in Milwaukee, Wisconsin kills 71. General Tom Thumb of P T Barnum fame, escapes unhurt
1889 - Ivory Coast declared a protectorate of France
1890 - Edward Macdowell's "Lancelot & Elaine," premieres
1890 - Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Sapientiae Christianae
1893 - Richard Drigo's ballet "Magic Flute" premieres, St Petersburg
1897 - Henrik Ibsen's "John Gabriel Borkman," premieres in Helsingfors
1897 - Vincent d'Indy's "Istar" premieres in Amsterdam & Brussels
1900 - Lord Roberts & Lord Kitchener reach Capetown
1901 - Oil discovered in Texas
1902 - Alphons Diepenbrock's "Te Deum" premieres (Amsterdam)
1902 - Although it has professed neutrality in the Boer War, German Chancellor von Bulow joins others in attacking British actions in South Africa
1906 - The British and French begin consultations on military and naval issues
1910 - 1st international air meet in US held, in LA
1910 - Lunt-Fontanne Theater (Globe) opens at 205 W 46th St NYC
1911 - 1st photo in US taken from an airplane, San Diego
1911 - Honduras signs treaty turning over customs to US (not ratified)
1911 - Trumper scored double cricket ton v South Africa, goes on to get 214
1912 - Caillaux government in France resigns
1912 - World's 1st flying boat's maiden flight, (Glenn Curtiss in NY)
1914 - 1st edition of Hague's Post under SF van Oss, published
1914 - Oscar Mathisen skates world record 500 m in 43.7 sec in Oslo
1914 - Yuan Shih-k'ai, president of the new Chinese republic, dissolves parliament and prepares a constitution of his own design: he will set himself up as dictator, preparatory to an attempt to make himself emperor
1916 - Russian offensive in Kaukasus
1916 - In retaliation for President Wilson's recognition of the Carranza government, members of Pacho Villa's revolutionary army take 17 American mining engineers from a train and shoot 16 of them in cold blood
1917 - The Allied Governments respond to US President Wilson's December 1916 note, giving their terms for ending the war
1920 - Mont Canadiens (14) & Tor St Patricks (7) score NHL record 21 goals
1920 - Silver reaches record $1.37 an ounce
1923 - Last US troops leave Rhineland (Germany)
1923 - Lithuania seizes & annexes country of Memel
1925 - France-Saarland forms
1925 - Miriam (Ma) Ferguson sworn in as TX gov, nation's 2nd woman governor
1927 - Fritz Lang's Metropolis premieres
1928 - G/I Gershwin/Romberg/Wodehouse's musical "Rosalie," premieres in NYC
Russian Revolutionary Leon TrotskyRussian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky 1928 - Soviet Union orders exile of Leon Trotsky
1929 - Elmer Rice's "Street Scene," premieres in NYC
1930 - Commencement of NZ's 1st Test, v England Christchurch
1930 - Maurice Allom takes Test hat-trick England v NZ Christchurch
1930 - Mordovian Autonomous Region in RSFSR constituted
1931 - Phila Quakers defeat Montreal, ends NHL-record 15-game losing streak
1932 - "Mickey Mouse" & "Silly Symphony" comics syndicated
1932 - "Pete the Tramp" cartoon strip by C D Russell debuts
1938 - Eduard van Beinum becomes world's 1st conductor at Concert Hall
1938 - Jean Anouilh's "La Sauvage," premieres in Paris
1938 - Paul Vincent Carroll's "White Seed," premieres in NYC
Cricket Legend Donald BradmanCricket Legend Donald Bradman 1939 - Bradman hits 186 SA v Qld before Christ catches him at short-leg
1941 - Joseph Kesselring's "Arsenic & Old Lace," premieres in NYC
1941 - Seyss-Inquart begins registration of Jews
1941 - World War II: The Greek army captures Kleisoura.
1942 - Japan invades North-Celebes, Neth Indies
1943 - Russian offensive against German 6th/4th Armies near Stalingrad
1943 - 1st US pres to visit a foreign country in wartime-FDR leaves for Casablanca, Morocco
1944 - 1st mobile electric power plant delivered, Phila
1944 - British troops conquer Maungdaw, Burma
32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt 1945 - LA Railway (with 5 streetcar lines) forced to close
1945 - No one is elected to baseball's Hall of Fame
1946 - UN General Assembly meets for 1st time (London)
1946 - US Army establishes 1st radar contact with Moon, Belmar, NJ
1947 - "Finian's Rainbow" opens at 46th St Theater NYC for 725 performances
1947 - British stop ships Independence & In-Gathering from landing in Israel
1947 - Greek steamer "Himara" strikes a wartime mine in Saronic Gulf south of Athens with loss of 392 of 637 aboard
1948 - "Call Me Mister" closes at National Theater NYC after 734 performances
1949 - 1st Jewish family show "Goldbergs" premieres on CBS
1949 - RCA introduces 45 RPM record
1951 - 1st jet passenger trip made
1951 - UN headquarters opens in Manhattan NY
1952 - Jean Anouilh's "La valse des toréadors," premieres in Paris

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 236

1480 - Margaret of Austria, Regent of the Netherlands (d. 1530)
1502 - Hendrik Niclaes, German/Dutch merchant/cult leader (Children of God)
1538 - Louis of Nassau, Dutch general (d. 1574)
1573 - Simon Marius, German astronomer (d. 1624)
1607 - Isaac Jogues, French Jesuit missionary (d. 1646)
1628 - Jan Theunisz Blanckerhoff, [Jan Maet], seascape painter)
1638 - Nicolas Steno, Danish Scientist and Bishop (d. 1686)
1644 - Louis Boufflers, marshall of France
1654 - Joshua Barnes, English scholar (d. 1712)
1683 - Gasparo Visconti, composer
1701 - Johann Caspar Simon, composer
1702 - Johannes Zick, German fresco painter (d. 1762)
1715 - Christian August Crusius, German philosopher and theologian (d. 1775)
American Revolutionary War Patriot Ethan AllenAmerican Revolutionary War Patriot Ethan Allen (1738) 1738 - Ethan Allen, Litchfield Connecticut, American Revolutionary War patriot (lead the Green Mtn Boys)
1747 - Abraham L Breguet, French clock maker
1750 - Thomas Erskine, 1st Baron Erskine, British Lord Chancellor (d. 1823)
1760 - Johann Rudolf Zumsteeg, composer
1766 - Louis Massonneau, composer
1768 - James Varicick, 1st AME Zion Bishop
1769 - Michel Ney, French marshal (Waterloo)
1780 - M Heinrich C Lichtenstein, German zoologist
1797 - Annette von Droste-Hülshoff, German writer (d. 1848)
1810 - Jeremiah S. Black, American statesman (d. 1883)
1812 - Georg Hermann Nicolai, German architect (d. 1881)
1814 - Aubrey de Vere, Irish writer (Victorian Observer)
1815 - Alexander Brydie Dyer, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1874
1815 - Thomas Williams, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1862
1825 - Alexander Travis Hawthorn, Brig Gen (Confederate Army), died in 1899
1828 - Herman Koeckemann, German Catholic prelate (d. 1892)
1834 - John Acton, English historian/MP
1836 - Charles Ingalls, father of Laura Ingalls Wilder (d. 1902)
1840 - Louis Nazaire Bégin, French Canadian archbishop and cardinal (d. 1925)
1843 - Frank James, American outlaw (d. 1915)
1850 - John Wellborn Root, American architect (d. 1891)
1854 - Peter Gast, composer
1855 - Peter J Blok, Dutch historian (History of the Dutch People)
1858 - Heinrich Zille, German illustrator and photographer (d. 1929)
1864 - George Washington Carver, agricultural scientist [or Jul 12]
1864 - Grand Duke Peter Nikolaevich of Russia, son of Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich (d. 1931)
1865 - Mary Ingalls, sister of Laura Ingalls Wilder (d. 1928)
1871 - Enrica Freiin von Handel-Manzetti, Austrian author (Jesse & Maria)
1873 - Jack O'Neill, Irish-born baseball player (d. 1935)
1873 - George Orton, Canadian athlete (d. 1958)
1876 - Johannes W "Jan" Eisenloeffel, Dutch goldsmith
1877 - Frederick Gardner Cottrell, inventor (elecrostatic precipitator)
1880 - Eduard M Meijers, Dutch lawyer (Short Cause)
1880 - Frans van Cauwelaert, Flemish minister/mayor of Antwerp
1880 - Grock, [Adrien Wettach], Swiss clown/circus director
1880 - Manuel Azaña y Diaz, PM/pres of 2nd Spanish republic (1936-39)
1882 - Charles Trowbridge, Vera Cruz Mexico, actor (Fatal Hour)
1883 - Aleksei Tolstoi, Russian poet/writer (Pjotr Peroyj) [NS]
1883 - Florence Reed, Phila, silent film actress (Dancing Girl)
1883 - Francis X Bushman, Norfolk VA, silent film actor (Ben Hur)
1884 - James Philip Dunn, composer
1886 - Jose Antonio de Donostia, composer
1887 - Robinson Jeffers, US, poet/playwright (Tamar & Other Poems, Medea)
1888 - Emile van Bosch, Dutch revue/operetta-artist (Fair Folks)
1888 - Grock, Switzerland, clown
1890 - Douglas MacLean, Phila, silent film comedian/producer (Going Up)
1890 - Ernest Milton, SF CA, actor (Cat Girl, Fiddler's Three)
1890 - Grigory Landsberg, Russian physicist (d. 1957)
1891 - Jos Speybrouck, Flemish painter
1892 - Dumas Malone, Miss, historian (Jefferson & His Time)
1893 - Albert Jacka, Australian soldier, first Australian World War I Victoria Cross winner (d. 1932)
1894 - Reginald Denham, London, Broadway director (Obsession, The Bad Seed)
1897 - Albert Moeschinger, composer
1898 - Sergei M Eisenstein, Russian director (Alexandr Nevski) [OS]
1901 - Pauline Starke, Joplin MO, actress (Dante's Inferno, Dance Magic)
1903 - Barbara Hepworth, English abstract sculptor/actress (Rescued by Rover)
1903 - Jean Morel, Abbeville France, conductor
1903 - Voldemar Väli, Estonian wrestler (d. 1997)
1903 - Violet Wilkey, American actress (d. 1976)
1904 - Jesus Garcia Leoz, composer
1904 - Ray Bolger, Dorchester Mass, actor/dancer (Wizard of Oz)
1908 - Bernard Lee, London, English actor (M in James Bond movies)
Actor Paul HenreidActor Paul Henreid (1908) 1908 - Paul Henreid, Trieste, actor (Casablanca, 4 Horsemen of Apocalypse)
1909 - Grace Mitchell, educator
1909 - Rudolf Kubin, composer
1910 - Dorothy Stroud, garden historian
1910 - Jean Martinon, Lyons France, conductor/composer
1911 - Jan Boon, [Tjalie Robinson], Dutch East Indies publicist (Tong Tong)
1912 - Maria Mandel, Camp leader at Auschwitz (d. 1948)
1913 - Gustav Husak, president of Czechoslavakia (1975-89)
1913 - Haywood Frank Henry, sax player
1913 - Mehmet Shehu, Albanian politician (d. 1981)
1914 - Claude Gallimard, France, publisher
1914 - Polly Rowles, Phila Pa, actress (Aunt Laurie-Jamie)
1914 - Yu Kuo-hwa, former Premier of Taiwan (d. 2000)
1915 - Dean Dixon, Zug Switzerland, conductor
1916 - Sune Bergström, Swedish biochemist, Nobel laureate (d. 2004)
1916 - Don Metz, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2007)
1917 - Jerry Wexler, music producer (Aretha Franklin/Bob Dylan)
1918 - Arthur Chung, President of Guyana (d. 2008)
1920 - Georges Marchal, Nancy France, actor (Evil Eden, Gina, Milky Way)
1920 - Max Patkin, American baseball player (d. 1999)
1921 - Rodger Ward, American race car driver (d. 2004)
1923 - Ingeborg Drewitz, writer
1924 - Ludmilla Chiraeff, ballet dancer
1925 - Maxwell Roach, composer
1926 - Musallam Bseiso, Palestinian journalist, thinker, and politician

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 8 of 8

1430 - Duke Philip the Good marries Isabella of Portugal
OK Corral Sheriff Wyatt EarpOK Corral Sheriff Wyatt Earp (1870) 1870 - Deputy sheriff Wyatt Earp (21) weds Urilla Sutherland in Lamar, Texas
1898 - Painter Henri Matisse (28) weds Amélie Noellie Parayre
1936 - Actor Burgess Meredith (28) weds actress Margaret Perry (22)
1942 - Actress Ava Gardner (19) weds actor Mickey Rooney (21) in Ballard, California
1967 - Dutch Princess Margret marries Pieter van Vollenhoven
1998 - Major League Baseball outfielder Barry Bonds (33) weds Elizabeth Watson (28) at Ritz-Carlton Hotel in San Francisco
2009 - "The Black Eyed Peas" singer fergie (33) weds actor Josh Duhamel (36) at Church Estate Vineyards in Malibu, California

Famous Divorces

Divorces 1 - 4 of 4

French Emperor Napoléon BonaparteFrench Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte (1810) 1810 - French church annuls marriage of Napoleon I & Josephine
1936 - Actress Mary Pickford (44) divorces actor Douglas Fairbanks (52) after 15 years of marriage
1967 - Actor Christopher Plummer (37) divorces columnist Patricia Lewis after nearly 5 years of marriage
1981 - Singer James Brown (47) divorces Deidre Jenkins after 10 years of marriage

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 155

681 - Agatho, Sicilian pope (678-81), dies
866 - Lin-chi I-hsuan, [J Rinzai Gigen], Zen teacher, dies
976 - John I Tzimisces/Tzimiskes, Byzantine Emperor (969-76), dies at 51
1094 - Caliph Al-Mustansir of Cairo (b. 1029)
1271 - Otto II, the Lame, earl of Gelre, dies
1276 - Pope Gregory X, (Tedaldo Visconti), dies. (bc. 1210)
1542 - Gerardus Noviomagus, [Gerrit Geldenhauer], Dutch theologist, die at 59
1645 - William Laud, Archbishop of Canterbury, beheaded, for treason, in the Tower of London at 71
1654 - Nicholas Culpeper, English botanist, herbalist, physician, and astrologer (b. 1616)
1662 - Prince Honoré II of Monaco (b. 1597)
1674 - Jacob de Witt, Dutch mayor (Dordrecht)/MP, dies at 84
1698 - Louis-Sébastien Le Nain de Tillemont, French historian (b. 1637)
1707 - Philibert, comte de Gramont, French writer (b. 1621)
1754 - Daniel Raap, Dutch porcelain salesman/politician, dies at about 51
1754 - Edward Cave, English editor and publisher (b. 1691)
1761 - Edward Boscawen, British admiral (b. 1711)
1768 - Charles Cressent, French court furniture maker, dies at 82
1775 - Jemeljan Pugatshov, Russian kosak leader/"czar Peter III", dies
1777 - Spranger Barry, Irish actor (b. 1719)
Taxonomist, botanist, physician, and zoologist Carolus LinnaeusTaxonomist, botanist, physician, and zoologist Carolus Linnaeus (1778) 1778 - Carolus linaeus "Carl von Linne", Swedish botanist/explorer, dies at 70
1780 - Francesco Antonio Vallotti, Italian organist/composer, dies at 82
1789 - Pierre Lyonet, Dutch zoologist/cryptologist, dies at 82
1792 - Jean-Louis Laruette, composer, dies at 60
1794 - Georg Forster, German scientist and revolutionary (d. 1754)
1800 - Johan Wikmanson, composer, dies at 46
1811 - Marie-Joseph Chénier, French poet (b. 1764)
1824 - Victor Emanuel I, king of Sardinia (1802-21), dies at 64
1828 - François de Neufchâteau, French statesman and intellectual figure (b. 1750)
1833 - Adrien Marie Legendre, dies
1833 - Antoinio da Silva Leite, composer, dies at 73
1846 - Etienne P de Senancour, French writer (De l'Amour), dies at 75
1851 - Karl Freiherr von Müffling, Prussian field marshal (b. 1775)
1855 - Mary Russell Mitford, Engl playwright/poet (Julian), dies at 67
Inventor/Industrialist Samuel ColtInventor/Industrialist Samuel Colt (1862) 1862 - Samuel Colt, American inventor (6 shot revolver), dies at 47
1863 - Lyman Beecher, US Presbyterian clergyman, temperance movement leader (b. 1775)
1866 - Pyotr Pletnyov, Russian poet (b. 1792)
1871 - Pierre A du Terrail, French writer, dies at 41
1876 - Charles EH de Coussemaker, Belgian musicologist/historian, dies at 70
1883 - Dr Samuel A. Mudd, American medical doctor (b. 1833)
1889 - Martin Andreas Udbye, composer, dies at 68
1892 - Heinrich Ludwig Egmont Dorn, composer, dies at 91
1895 - Benjamin Louis Paul Godard, composer, dies at 45
1899 - Gerard Keller, Dutch writer (Vlugmaren), dies at 69
1901 - Sir James Dickson, Premier of Queensland, Australian Minister for Defence (b. 1832)
1904 - Jean-Léon Gérôme, French painter and sculptor (b. 1824)
1905 - Kārlis Baumanis, Latvian composer (b. 1835)
1908 - Anna S Barbiers, Dutch actress (Klaasje Zevenster), dies at 65
1917 - Buffalo Bill Cody
1922 - Frank Tudor, Australian Labor Opposition leader (b. 1866)
1934 - Marinus van der Lubbe, Dutch communist, beheaded in Berlin at 24
1935 - Charlie McGahey, cricket (MCC tour of Aus 1901-02 cured his TB), dies
Olympic Runner Teddy FlackOlympic Runner Teddy Flack (1935) 1935 - Teddy Flack [Edwin], Australian athlete, double Olympic gold medallist in 1896, dies at 61
1936 - Charles Wright, cricketer (3 Tests England v South Africa 1895-96), dies
1938 - Willem de Vreese, Flemish linguist, dies at 68
1939 - Jameson Thomas, actor (Piccadilly, Farmer's Wife), dies at 50
1939 - Julius Bittner, Austria composer (Missa Austriaca), dies at 64
1941 - Frank Bridge, English violinist/composer (Sea), dies at 61
1941 - Joseph Schmidlin, German church historian, murdered at 67
1941 - Sir John Lavery, Northern Irish artist (b. 1856)
1941 - Joe Penner, Hungarian-born comedian and actor (b. 1904)
1943 - Agustin P Justo y Rolon, pres Argentina (1931-38), dies at 66
1943 - J Arthur S Berson, Austrian meteorologist, dies at 83
1945 - Rudolf Borchardt, writer, dies at 67
1949 - Erich von Drygalski, German geographer, geophysicist, and polar scientist (b. 1865)
1951 - Athos Palma, composer, dies at 59
1951 - Harry Sinclair Lewis, US writer (Nobel 1930), dies at 65
1951 - Sinclair Lewis, writer, dies at 65
1951 - Yoshio Nishina, Japanese physicist (b. 1890)
1953 - Theo Mackeben, German pianist/composer (Golden Cage), dies at 56
1954 - Fred Raymond, composer, dies at 53
1956 - Henricus P Bremmer, Dutch art historian (Beeldende Kunst), dies at 84
1956 - Karl L Schmidt, German/Swiss theologist (Urchristentum), dies at 64
1957 - Gabriela Mistral, Chilean poet (Nobel Prize 1945), dies at 67
1958 - Charles de Trooz, Belgian writer, dies at 52
1960 - Jack Laviolette, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1879)
1961 - Dashiell Hammett, US detective writer (Thin Man, Maltese Falcon), dies at 66
1963 - Tadeusz Szeligowski, composer, dies at 66
1964 - A Marja, Dutch author (Man of Day & Night), dies at 46
1966 - George Cresswell, cricketer (Took 13 wkts in 3 Tests for NZ), suicide
1966 - Hermann Kasack, writer, dies at 69
1967 - Emerson Treacy, actor (Prowler), dies after surgery at 66
1967 - Vilem Petrzelka, composer, dies at 77
1968 - Basil Sydney, actor (Hamlet, Simba), dies of pleurisy at 73
1968 - Howard Smith, actor (Harvey Griffin-Hazel), dies at 74
1968 - Josue Teofilo Wilkes, composer, dies at 85
1968 - Louis-Francois-Marie Aubert, French composer (La Momie), dies at 90
1969 - John Brownlee, Australian tenor (b. 1900)
1970 - Pavel Ivanovich Belyayev, USSR, cosmonaut (Voskhod II), dies at 44
1971 - Gabrielle "Coco" Chanel, French fashion designer, dies at 87
1972 - Al Goodman, Russian/US orchestra leader (NBC Comedy Hour), dies at 81
1972 - Georg Rendl, Austriam miner/beekeeper (Satan on Earth), dies at 68
1972 - Sverre Jordan, composer, dies at 82
1972 - Aksel Larsen, Danish politician (b. 1897)
1976 - Chester Arthur Burnett, US blues pianist/harmonica player, dies at 65
1976 - Howlin' Wolf, singer/guitarist, dies following brain surgery at 65
1978 - John D Rockefeller III, US billionaire/philanthropist, dies at 71
1978 - Pedro Joaquín Chamorro, of La Prensa, assassinated in Managua
1978 - Zeb Turner, country-rock performer (Chew Tobacco Rag), dies at 62
1978 - Don Gillis, American composer (b. 1912)
1980 - George Meany, labor leader, dies at 86

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