This Day in History for 13th January

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 169

888 - Odo, Count of Paris, becomes King of the Franks.
1099 - Crusaders set fire to Mara, Syria
1559 - Elizabeth I crowned queen of England in Westminster Abbey
1605 - The controversial play Eastward Hoe by Ben Jonson, George Chapman, and John Marston is performed, landing two of the authors in prison.
1607 - The Bank of Genoa fails after announcement of national bankruptcy in Spain.
1610 - Galileo Galilei discovers Callisto, 4th satellite of Jupiter
1621 - Jan Pieterszoon Coen's fleet sets sail to Moluccas (from Jacarta)
1630 - Letters Patent issued to Plymouth Colony
1673 - Jean Racine's "Mithridate," premieres in Paris
1695 - Jonathan Swift ordained an Anglican priest in Ireland
1733 - James Oglethorpe & 130 English colonists arrive at Charleston, SC
1770 - De Beaumarchais' "Les Deux Amis," premieres in Paris
1785 - John Walter publishes 1st issue of London Times
1794 - Congress changes US flag to 15 stars & 15 stripes
1822 - The design of the Greek flag is adopted by the First National Assembly at Epidaurus.
1830 - Great fire in New Orleans thought to be set by rebel slaves
1840 - The steamship Lexington burns and sinks four miles off the coast of Long Island with the loss of 139 lives.
1842 - Dr. William Brydon, a surgeon in the British Army during the First Anglo-Afghan War, becomes famous for (reputedly) being the sole survivor of an army of 16,500 when he reaches the safety of a garrison in Jalalabad.
1849 - Vancouver Island granted to Hudson's Bay Co
Satirist Jonathan SwiftSatirist Jonathan Swift 1854 - Anthony Foss patents accordion
1863 - Chenille manufacturing machine patented by William Canter, NYC
1863 - Thomas Crapper pioneers one-piece pedestal flushing toilet
1865 - -Jan 15th] BBT & CPT Ft Fisher, NC
1869 - Colored National Labor Union, 1st Black labor convention meets in Wash DC
1873 - P B S Pinchback relinquishes office at Louisiana governor
1874 - Battle between jobless & police in NYC, 100s injuried
1874 - US troops land in Honolulu to protect the king
1882 - Richard Wagner completes his opera "Parsifal"
1883 - Fire in Circus Ferroni in Berditschoft, Poland, kills 430
1883 - Henrik Ibsen's "En Folkefiende," premieres in Oslo
1888 - National Geographic Society founded (Washington, DC)
1893 - British Independent Labour Party forms (Keir Hardie as its leader)
1893 - U.S. Marines land in Honolulu from the U.S.S. Boston to prevent the queen from abrogating the Bayonet Constitution.
1894 - Revolution in Sicily crushed by government troops
Writer/Poet Oscar WildeWriter/Poet Oscar Wilde 1895 - Oscar Wilde's "Ideal Husband," premieres in London
1898 - Emile Zola publishes his open letter (J'accuse) in defense of Alfred Dreyfus
1902 - Textile workers strike in Enschede Neth till June 1
1906 - 1st radio set advertised (Telimco for $7.50 in Scientific American) claimed to receive signals up to one mile
1908 - French pilot Henry Farman is 1st European to fly roundtrip
1908 - Stanley Cup: Montreal Wanderers sweep Ottawa Victorias in 2 games
1908 - Rhoads Opera House fire in Boyertown, PA killing 171 people.
1910 - JM Synge's "Deirdre of the Sorrows," premieres in Dublin
1911 - Gerhart Hauptmann's "Die Ratten," premieres in Berlin
1911 - Roald Amundsen anchors at Walvis Bay, southwestern Africa
1911 - South Africa's 1st win over Australia, at Adelaide
1912 - -40°F (-40°C), Oakland, Maryland (state record)
1913 - Delta Sigma Theta, the world's largest Black Women's Sorority is founded at Howard University, Washington DC
1914 - IWW-leader/songwriter Joe Hill arrested "Girl from Utah" East-Prussia
1915 - Earthquake in Avezzano Italy kills 29,800
Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart HauptmannAuthor and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann 1915 - Winston Churchill, First Lord of the Admiralty, presents plan for assault on Dardanelles
1919 - Dutch Soccer team OSV forms
1920 - NY Times editorial (falsely) reports rockets can never fly
1922 - Buck Weaver, a Black Sox, applies unsuccessfully for reinstatement
1922 - Conference of Cannes concerning German retribution payments ended
1922 - WHA-AM in Madison WI begins radio transmissions
1924 - Nationalist Wafd-party wins Egyptian parliament elections
1927 - US & Mexico battle over oil interests
1929 - Humanist Society established, Hollywood, California
1930 - "Mickey Mouse" comic strip 1st appears
1934 - The Candidate of Science degree is established in the USSR.
1935 - Plebiscite in Saar, indicates a desire (90.3%) to join Nazi Germany
1938 - The Church of England accepts the theory of evolution.
1939 - Belgian premier signs Burgos-treaty for trade relations with Franco
1939 - The Black Friday bush fires burn 20,000 square kilometres of land in Australia, claiming the lives of 71 people.
1942 - Allied Conference on war trials
1942 - German U-boats begin harassing shipping on US east coast
Ford Motor Company Founder Henry FordFord Motor Company Founder Henry Ford 1942 - Henry Ford patents a method of constructing plastic auto bodies
1942 - Interallied war trial conference publishes St James Declaration
1942 - World War II: First use of aircraft ejection seat by a German test pilot in a Heinkel He 280 jet fighter.
1943 - British premier Winston Churchill arrives in Casablanca
1943 - Hitler declares "Total War"
1943 - Russian offensive at Don under general Golikov
1943 - US infantry captures Galloping Horse Ridge, Guadalcanal
1945 - Prokofchev's 5th Symphony premieres in Moscow
1948 - 1st country music TV show, Midwestern Hayride, premieres on WLW Cin
1949 - "Along 5th Avenue" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 180 perfs
1951 - German general F Christian freed early from Dutch prison
1953 - Gas explosion in Belgium coal mine kills 14
1953 - KOLD TV channel 13 in Tucson, AZ (CBS) begins broadcasting
1953 - Marshal Josip Tito chosen president of Yugoslavia
1954 - Military rule in Egypt; 318 Muslim Brotherhood members arrested
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf HitlerDictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler 1954 - WEAR TV channel 3 in Pensacola-Mobile, FL (ABC) begins broadcasting
1957 - Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Allen Tate
1957 - Mickey Wright wins Sea Island Golf Open
1957 - NFL Pro Bowl: West beats East 19-10
1957 - Wham-O Company produces the 1st Frisbee
1958 - 9,000 scientists of 43 nations petition UN for nuclear test ban
1958 - US newspaper "Daily Worker" ceases publication
1958 - Moroccan Liberation Army ambushes Spanish patrol in the Battle of Edchera.
1959 - French President Charles De Gaulle grants amnesty to 130 to Algerians sentenced to death
1959 - King Boudouin promises Belgian Congo independence
1962 - "Do Re Mi" closes at St James Theater NYC after 400 performances
1962 - Wilt Chamberlain of Warriors scores then NBA-record 73 pts vs Chicago
1963 - AFL Pro Bowl: West beats East 21-14
1963 - NFL Pro Bowl: East beats West 30-20
1964 - Karol Wojtyla becomes archbishop of Krakow
French President Charles de GaulleFrench President Charles de Gaulle 1964 - Hindu-Muslim rioting breaks out in the Indian city of Calcutta - now Kolkata - resulting in the deaths of more than 100 people.
1966 - 1st black selected for pres cabinet (LBJ selects Robert C Weaver-HUD)
1966 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1967 - Coup in Togo

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 223

1334 - King Henry II of Castile (d. 1379)
1381 - St Colette, abbess/reformer (Poor Clares)
1406 - Matteo Palmieri, Italian writer (Della vita civile)
1505 - Joachim II Hector, ruler (Brandenburg)
1562 - Mark Alexander Boyd, Scottish poet (d. 1601)
1596 - Jan J Goyen, Dutch landscape painter
1610 - Maria Anna of Austria, Electress of Bavaria (d. 1665)
1616 - Antoinette Bourignon, Flemish mystic/French religious fanatic
1635 - Philipp Jakob Spener, German theologian (d. 1705)
1651 - Henry Booth, 1st Earl of Warrington, English politician (d. 1694)
1683 - Johann Christoph Graupner, German composer
1690 - Gottfried Heinrich Stolzel, composer
1720 - Richard Hurd, English bishop and writer (d. 1808)
1727 - Johann Christoph Schmugel, composer
1734 - Luca Sorkocevic, composer
1749 - Friedrich Müller, painter and dramatist (d. 1825)
1778 - Anton Fischer, composer
1787 - John Davis, 14th and 17th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1854)
1788 - Carl Ludwig Cornelius Westenholz, composer
1802 - Eduard von Bauernfeld, Vienna, comedic playwright
1804 - Paul Gavarni, French caricaturist (d. 1866)
1805 - Thomas Dyer, Mayor of Chicago (d. 1862)
1807 - Napoleon Bonaparte Buford, Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), died in 1883
1808 - Salmon P Chase, (Sen-R) cabinet member, 6th chief justice (1864-73)
1812 - Humphrey Marshall, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1872
1812 - Victor de Laprade, French poet and critic (d. 1883)
1815 - William Henry French, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1881
1824 - Ignacy Marceli Komorowski, composer
1832 - Horatio Alger, Jr., Chelsea Massachusetts, American minister and author (Lost at Sea, Work & Win)
1835 - Gustaaf Rolin-Jaequemyns, Belgian jurist/minister of the Interior
1845 - Félix Tisserand, French Astronomer (d. 1896)
1850 - Leon Francis Victor Caron, composer
1858 - Oskar Minkowski, Biologist (d.1931)
1859 - Karl Bleibtreu, German author (Revolution of Literature)
1859 - Kostis Palamas, Greek poet (d. 1943)
1861 - Max Nonne, German neurologist (d. 1959)
1864 - Wilhelm K W Wien, German physicist (Nobel 1911)
1865 - Princess Marie of Orléans (d. 1908)
1866 - Vasily Sergeyevich Kalinnikov, composer
1869 - Emanuele F, duke of Aosta, Italian general (WW I)/fascist
1870 - Henryk Opienski, Polish composer/conductor (St Moniuszko)
1870 - Ross Granville Harrison, American biologist (d.1959)
1874 - Jozef E van Roey, Flemish cardinal/archbishop of Mechlin
1878 - Lionel Groulx, Canadian nationalist (d. 1967)
1881 - Essington Lewis, Australian industrialist (d. 1961)
1884 - Johannes Elsensohn, Dutch actor/writer (Arie, novel from the Jordan)
1884 - Sophie Tucker, [Kalish], Russia, singer/last of red hot mammas
1885 - Alfred Fuller, CEO (Fuller Brush Man)
1886 - Art Ross, Canadian ice hockey player and executive (d. 1964)
1887 - George Gurdjieff, Armenian-Greek mystic (d. 1949)
1890 - Jüri Uluots, Estonian Prime Minister (d. 1945)
1892 - Paul Smart, US, yachtsman (Olympic-gold-1948)
1893 - Clarke Ashton Smith, US, sci-fi author (Lost Worlds, Genius Loci)
1893 - Jan Evangelista Zelinka, composer
1893 - Roy Cazaly, Australian rules footballer (d. 1963)
1895 - Anton Betzner, writer
1895 - Fortunio Bonanova, Palma de Mallorca Spain, opera singer
1898 - Pedro DE Teixeira de Mattos, Dutch diplomat
1898 - Kai Munk, Danish playwright and Lutheran pastor, martyr (d. 1944)
1898 - Carlo Tagliabue, Italian baritone (d. 1978)
1899 - Kay Francis, American actress (d. 1968)
1900 - Yasuji Kiyose, composer
1901 - A. B. Guthrie, American novelist, historian (d. 1991)
1901 - Mieczysław Żywczyński, Polish historian and priest (d. 1978)
1903 - Kay Francis, [Katherine E Gibbs], Oklahoma City, actress (False Madonna)
1904 - Richard Addinsell, London England, composer (Taming of Shrew)
1905 - Percy Humphrey, musician
1906 - Maxime Jacob, composer
1907 - Sabine Zlatin, nurse
1909 - Danny Barker, jazz guitarist
1909 - Marinus van der Lubbe, Dutch communist
1911 - Johannes Bjelke-Petersen, premier (Queensland)
1913 - Jeff Morrow, NYC, actor (Bart-Union Pacific, Temperatures Rising)
1913 - Ralph Edwards, Merino Colo, TV host (This is Your Life)
1915 - Edward Frederick Weston Goodman, property developer
1916 - Bella Lewitsky, choreographer
1916 - Osa Massen, Copenhagen Denmark, actress (Jack London, Rocketship XM)
1917 - Felix Guerro Diaz, composer
1918 - Lester Sill, pioneer music publisher/record producer
1918 - Steve Dunne, Northampton Mass, actor (Professional Father)
1918 - Ted Willis, prolific English screenwriter (It's Great to be Young)
1919 - Army Archerd, Hollywood columnist/TV host (Movie Game)
1919 - Robert Stack, Los Angeles California, actor (Eliot Ness-Untouchables, Airplane)
1921 - Dachine Rainer, British writer (d. 2000)
1923 - Danil Shafran, cellist
1923 - Jack Watling, London, actor (Nanny, Adventure for 2, Naked Heart)
1924 - Philip Rawson, artist/teacher
1924 - Paul Feyerabend, Austrian-born philosopher (d. 1994)
1925 - Gwen Verdon, LA, actress/singer/dancer (Cotton Club, Sweet Charity)
1925 - Rosemary Murphy, Munich Germany, actress (Margaret-Lucas Tanner)
1926 - Carolyn Heilbrun, [Amanda Cross], author (Lady Ottoline's Album)
1926 - Pamela M Cunnington, English architect/author (Change of Use)
1926 - Michael Bond, British writer
1927 - Brock Adams, American politician (d. 2004)
1927 - Sydney Brenner, British Nobel Laureate
1928 - David Sheiner, NYC, actor (Paul-Mr Novak, Norman-Diana)
1928 - Gregory Walcott, Wilson NC, actor (87th Precinct)
1929 - Joseph Anthony Pass, guitarist
1929 - Wim Bary, Dutch actor/theater director (Nice Boys)
1930 - Frances Sternhagen, Wash DC, actress (Outland, Starting Over)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 1 of 1

2006 - "The Diary of Anne Frank" actress Shelley Winters (85) weds Gerry DeFord a few hours before her death

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 128

86 BC - Gaius Marius, Roman general and politician (b. 157 BC)
533 - Remigius van Reims, 1st bishop of Reims (459-533)/saint, dies about 96
703 - Empress Jitō of Japan (b. 645)
858 - Aethelwolf, king of Wessex (Battle at Aclea), dies
888 - Charles III, the Fat One, King of Franconia/Roman emperor, dies
1049 - Derrick IV, Count of Holland (1039-49), dies in battle
1138 - Simon I, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1076)
1151 - Abbot Suger, French statesman and historian (b. 1081)
1177 - Hendrik Jasomirgott Babenberg, Duke of Austria, dies. (b. 1107)
1307 - Arnoud van Foreest, Dom deacon of Utrecht, dies
1330 - Frederick I (III), the Fair, Duke of Austrian/German anti-king, dies (b. 1286)
1363 - Meinhard III of Gorizia-Tyrol (b. 1344)
1488 - Hermann Vischer, "the Old", buried
1599 - Edmund Spenser, poet (Faerie Queene), dies at about 46
1625 - Pieter Bruegel "the Older", (Bloemenbruegel), Flemish painter, dies
1630 - Yuan Chonghuan, Chinese military commander (b. 1584)
1651 - Abraham C Bloemaert, painter/cartoonist/engraver, dies at 86
1658 - Edward Sexby, English Puritan soldier (b. 1616)
1682 - Simon van Leeuwen, Dutch lawyer/historian, dies at 55
1691 - George Fox, founder of Quakers, dies at 66
1702 - Peter Rabus, Dutch poet/translator (Great Name Book), dies at 41
1762 - Leonhard Trautsch, composer, dies at 68
1766 - King Frederick V of Denmark (b. 1723)
1790 - Luc Urbain de Bouexic, comte de Guichen, French admiral (b. 1712)
1795 - Francois-Joseph Krafft, composer, dies at 73
1796 - John H. D. Anderson, Scottish scientist and inventor (b. 1726)
1797 - Elisabeth C von Brunswick-Bevern, wife of Frederick II, dies at 81
1828 - Alexandre-Auguste Robineau, composer, dies at 80
1832 - Thomas Lord, English cricketer, founder of Lord's cricket ground (b. 1755)
1838 - Ferdinand Ries, German composer dies at 53
1853 - Theophilos Kairis, Greek priest, humanist and revolutionary (b. 1783)
1860 - William Mason, American politician (b. 1786)
1864 - Stephen Foster, composer (My Old Kentucky Home), dies at 37 in NY
1879 - WF Hendrik the Navigator, prince of Neth/viceroy of Lux, dies at 58
1882 - Wilhelm Mauser, German weapon designer and manufacturer (b. 1834)
1885 - Schuyler Colfax, American politician (b.1823)
1889 - Solomon Bundy, American politician (b. 1823)
1892 - Charles Albert White, composer, dies at 62
1894 - Nadezhda von Meck, Russian patroness of Pyotr Tchaikovsky (b. 1831)
1901 - Carlo Angeloni, composer, dies at 66
1905 - George Thorn, Premier of Queensland (b. 1838)
1906 - Alexander Stepanovich Popov, Russian physicist (b. 1859)
1913 - Thomas P Krag, Norw author/novelist (Jon Graeff, Ulf Ran), dies at 44
1914 - Bernardus H Heldt, Dutch MP, dies at 72
1914 - Valentin de Zubiaurre y Unionbarrenechea, composer, dies 76
1915 - Mary Slessor, Scottish missionary (b. 1848)
1924 - Georg H Quincke, German physicist (Test of Quincke), dies at 89
1928 - Johan Peter Koch, Danish officer/explorer, dies at 57
OK Corral Sheriff Wyatt EarpOK Corral Sheriff Wyatt Earp (1929) 1929 - Wyatt Earp, US marshall (OK Corral), dies at 80
1929 - H. B. Higgins, Australian politician and judge (b. 1851)
1930 - C-E Auguste Rateau, French inventor (R-steam turbine), dies at 66
1932 - Sophia of Prussia, consort of Constantine I of Greece (b. 1870)
1934 - Jean-Baptiste Marchand, soldier/explorer (Sudan), dies at 70
1937 - Walter Brearley, cricketer (17 wkts in 4 Tests for Eng 1905-12), dies
1939 - Jacob Ruppert, CEO (NY Yankees, 1915-39), dies
1941 - James Joyce, novelist (Ulysses), dies in Zurich Switzerland, at 58
1943 - Sophie Taeuber-Arp, Swiss artist (b. 1889)
1947 - Veit Valentin, German/US historian (German People), dies at 61
1954 - Roland Diggle, composer, dies at 69
1958 - Edna Purviance, actress (Charlie Chaplin, Sunnyside), dies at 61
1958 - John Lindeboom, Dutch vicar/church historian, dies at 75
1958 - Jesse L. Lasky, U.S. film producer (b. 1880)
1960 - Sibilla Aleramo, [Rina Faccio], Ital poet (Una Donna), dies at 83
Novelist & Poet James JoyceNovelist & Poet James Joyce (1941) 1962 - Ernie Kovacs, comedian, dies in a car crash in West LA, at 42
1963 - Leonardus G Kortenhorst, Dutch MP (KVP), dies at 76
1968 - Bill Masterson, NHL player for the Minnesota Northstars checked into the boards, dies two days later
1969 - Fred Price, cricket wicket-keep (England, v Aust Headingley 1938), dies
1969 - Wilton Graff, actor (Bloodlust, Just Before Dawn), dies at 65
1971 - Bernard "Heinz" Lammerding, Germ SS-gen/contractor (Tulle), dies at 65
1971 - Robert Still, composer, dies at 60
1971 - Robert Still, English composer (b. 1910)
1974 - Raoul Jobin, Canadian tenor (b. 1906)
1974 - Salvador Novo, Mexican writer and poet (b. 1904)
1976 - Margaret Leighton, Brit actress (Much ado about nothing), dies at 53
1978 - Hubert Humphrey, (Sen-D-Minn, VP), dies at 66 in Waverly, Minn
1978 - Joseph V McCarthy, baseball manager (NY Yankees), dies at 96
1979 - Donny Hathaway, Chicago Ill, rocker (Ghetto), commits suicide at 33
1979 - Marjorie Lawrence, Australian soprano (b. 1907)
1980 - Andre Kostelanetz, Russian conductor, dies at 78
1981 - Emiel van Hemeldonck, Belgian writer (Mary, My Child), dies at 83
1982 - Marcel Camus, French director (Orfeu Negro), dies at 69
1983 - Arthur Space, actor (Doc Weaver-Lassie), dies of cancer at 74
1983 - D Mack Reynolds, US writer (Amazon Planet, Once Departed), dies
1983 - Doodles Weaver, comedian (Spike Jones & City Slickers), dies at 71
1983 - John McHugh, actor (Unspeakable), dies of a heart attack at 69
1985 - Carol Wayne, Johnny Carson's teatime movie hostess, dies at 42
1987 - E van Ruller, Dutch journalist/co-founder (Trouw, Loyal), dies
1988 - Chiang Ching-huo, president of Taiwan (1978-88), dies at 69
1989 - Joe Spinell, actor (Maniac, Star Crash, Strike Force), dies at 51
1992 - Josef Neckermann, German founder mail-order firm/travel bureau, dies
1992 - Yvonne Bryceland, actress (Road to Mecca), dies of cancer at 66
1993 - Rene Pleven, PM of France (1950-51, 51-52), dies
1993 - Camargo Guarnieri, Brazilian composer (b. 1907)
1994 - Frederick William Sternfield, musicologist, dies at 79
1994 - Johan J Holst, Norwegian min of defense/foreign affairs, dies at 56
1995 - Arnold Smith, painter (Vigelius Prize 1935), dies at 89
1995 - Arthur Mervyn Stockwood, bishop, dies at 81
1995 - Maxwell Henley Harris, Austrian poet/publisher (Critics), dies at 73
1995 - Ruby Starr, vocalist (Grey Ghost), dies of brain tumor at 44
1996 - Denise Grey, [Edouardine Verthuy], actress (Julietta), dies at 99

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