This Day in History for 13th January

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 182

888 - Odo, Count of Paris, becomes King of the Franks.
1099 - Crusaders set fire to Mara, Syria
1404 - The Act of Multipliers is passed by the English Parliament forbidding alchemists to use their knowledge to create precious metals (it was feared that if any alchemist should succeed it would bring ruin upon the state)
1559 - Elizabeth I crowned Queen of England in Westminster Abbey
1605 - The controversial play Eastward Hoe by Ben Jonson, George Chapman, and John Marston is performed, landing two of the authors in prison.
1607 - The Bank of Genoa fails after announcement of national bankruptcy in Spain.
1610 - Galileo Galilei discovers Callisto, 4th satellite of Jupiter
1621 - Jan Pieterszoon Coen's fleet sets sail to Moluccas (from Jacarta)
1630 - Letters Patent issued to Plymouth Colony
1673 - Jean Racine's "Mithridate," premieres in Paris
Satirist Jonathan SwiftSatirist Jonathan Swift 1695 - Jonathan Swift ordained an Anglican priest in Ireland
1733 - James Oglethorpe & 130 English colonists arrive at Charleston, SC
1770 - De Beaumarchais' "Les Deux Amis," premieres in Paris
1785 - John Walter publishes 1st issue of London Times
1794 - Congress changes US flag to 15 stars & 15 stripes
1822 - The design of the Greek flag is adopted by the First National Assembly at Epidaurus.
1830 - Great fire in New Orleans thought to be set by rebel slaves
1840 - The steamship Lexington burns and sinks four miles off the coast of Long Island with the loss of 139 lives.
1842 - Dr. William Brydon, a surgeon in the British Army during the First Anglo-Afghan War, becomes famous for (reputedly) being the sole survivor of an army of 16,500 when he reaches the safety of a garrison in Jalalabad.
1849 - Vancouver Island granted to Hudson's Bay Co
1854 - Anthony Foss patents accordion
1863 - Chenille manufacturing machine patented by William Canter, NYC
1863 - Thomas Crapper pioneers one-piece pedestal flushing toilet
1865 - -Jan 15th] BBT & CPT Ft Fisher, NC
1869 - Colored National Labor Union, 1st Black labor convention meets in Wash DC
1873 - P B S Pinchback relinquishes office at Louisiana governor
1874 - Battle between jobless & police in NYC, 100s injuried
1874 - US troops land in Honolulu to protect the king
Composer Richard WagnerComposer Richard Wagner 1882 - Richard Wagner completes his opera "Parsifal"
1883 - Fire in Circus Ferroni in Berditschoft, Poland, kills 430
1883 - Henrik Ibsen's "En Folkefiende," premieres in Oslo
1888 - National Geographic Society founded (Washington, DC)
1893 - British Independent Labour Party forms (Keir Hardie as its leader)
1893 - U.S. Marines land in Honolulu from the U.S.S. Boston to prevent the queen from abrogating the Bayonet Constitution.
1894 - Revolution in Sicily crushed by government troops
1895 - Oscar Wilde's "Ideal Husband," premieres in London
1898 - Emile Zola publishes his open letter (J'accuse) in defense of Alfred Dreyfus
Writer/Poet Oscar WildeWriter/Poet Oscar Wilde 1902 - Textile workers strike in Enschede Neth till June 1
1906 - 1st radio set advertised (Telimco for $7.50 in Scientific American) claimed to receive signals up to one mile
1908 - French pilot Henry Farman is 1st European to fly roundtrip
1908 - Stanley Cup: Montreal Wanderers sweep Ottawa Victorias in 2 games
1908 - Rhoads Opera House fire in Boyertown, PA killing 171 people.
1910 - JM Synge's "Deirdre of the Sorrows," premieres in Dublin
1911 - Gerhart Hauptmann's "Die Ratten," premieres in Berlin
1911 - Roald Amundsen anchors at Walvis Bay, southwestern Africa
Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart HauptmannAuthor and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann 1911 - South Africa's 1st win over Australia, at Adelaide
1912 - -40°F (-40°C), Oakland, Maryland (state record)
1913 - Delta Sigma Theta, the world's largest Black Women's Sorority is founded at Howard University, Washington DC
1914 - IWW-leader/songwriter Joe Hill arrested "Girl from Utah" East-Prussia
1915 - Earthquake in Avezzano Italy kills 29,800
1915 - Winston Churchill, First Lord of the Admiralty, presents plan for assault on Dardanelles
1919 - Dutch Soccer team OSV forms
1920 - NY Times editorial (falsely) reports rockets can never fly
1922 - Buck Weaver, a Black Sox, applies unsuccessfully for reinstatement
1922 - Conference of Cannes concerning German retribution payments ended
1922 - WHA-AM in Madison WI begins radio transmissions
1924 - Nationalist Wafd-party wins Egyptian parliament elections
1927 - US & Mexico battle over oil interests
1928 - RCA and GE install three test television sets in homes in Schenectady, New York allowing American inventor E.F.W. Alexanderson to demonstrate the first home television receiver which delivered a poor and unsteady 1.5 square inch picture
1929 - Humanist Society established, Hollywood, California
1930 - "Mickey Mouse" comic strip 1st appears
1934 - The Candidate of Science degree is established in the USSR.
1935 - Plebiscite in Saar, indicates a desire (90.3%) to join Nazi Germany
1938 - The Church of England accepts the theory of evolution.
1939 - Belgian premier signs Burgos-treaty for trade relations with Franco
1939 - The Black Friday bush fires burn 20,000 square kilometres of land in Australia, claiming the lives of 71 people.
1942 - Allied Conference on war trials
1942 - German U-boats begin harassing shipping on US east coast
Ford Motor Company Founder Henry FordFord Motor Company Founder Henry Ford 1942 - Henry Ford patents a method of constructing plastic auto bodies
1942 - Interallied war trial conference publishes St James Declaration
1942 - World War II: First use of aircraft ejection seat by a German test pilot in a Heinkel He 280 jet fighter.
1943 - British premier Winston Churchill arrives in Casablanca
1943 - Hitler declares "Total War"
1943 - Russian offensive at Don under general Golikov
1943 - US infantry captures Galloping Horse Ridge, Guadalcanal
1945 - Prokofchev's 5th Symphony premieres in Moscow
1948 - 1st country music TV show, Midwestern Hayride, premieres on WLW Cin
1949 - "Along 5th Avenue" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 180 perfs
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf HitlerDictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler 1951 - German general F Christian freed early from Dutch prison
1953 - Gas explosion in Belgium coal mine kills 14
1953 - KOLD TV channel 13 in Tucson, AZ (CBS) begins broadcasting
1953 - Marshal Josip Tito chosen president of Yugoslavia
1954 - Military rule in Egypt; 318 Muslim Brotherhood members arrested
1954 - WEAR TV channel 3 in Pensacola-Mobile, FL (ABC) begins broadcasting
1957 - Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Allen Tate
1957 - Mickey Wright wins Sea Island Golf Open
1957 - NFL Pro Bowl: West beats East 19-10
1957 - Wham-O Company produces the 1st Frisbee
Playwright, novelist, and poet Samuel BeckettPlaywright, novelist, and poet Samuel Beckett 1957 - "All that Fall", first radio play by Samuel Beckett, aired on BBC Third Programme
1958 - 9,000 scientists of 43 nations petition UN for nuclear test ban
1958 - US newspaper "Daily Worker" ceases publication
1958 - Moroccan Liberation Army ambushes Spanish patrol in the Battle of Edchera.
1959 - French President Charles de Gaulle grants amnesty to 130 Algerians sentenced to death
1959 - King Boudouin promises Belgian Congo independence
1962 - "Do Re Mi" closes at St James Theater NYC after 400 performances
1962 - Wilt Chamberlain of Warriors scores then NBA-record 73 pts vs Chicago
NBA Legend Wilt ChamberlainNBA Legend Wilt Chamberlain 1963 - AFL Pro Bowl: West beats East 21-14
1963 - NFL Pro Bowl: East beats West 30-20
1964 - Karol Wojtyla becomes archbishop of Krakow
1964 - Hindu-Muslim rioting breaks out in the Indian city of Calcutta - now Kolkata - resulting in the deaths of more than 100 people.

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 224

1334 - King Henry II of Castile (d. 1379)
1381 - St Colette, abbess/reformer (Poor Clares)
1406 - Matteo Palmieri, Italian writer (Della vita civile)
1505 - Joachim II Hector, ruler (Brandenburg)
1562 - Mark Alexander Boyd, Scottish poet (d. 1601)
1596 - Jan J Goyen, Dutch landscape painter
1610 - Maria Anna of Austria, Electress of Bavaria (d. 1665)
1616 - Antoinette Bourignon, Flemish mystic/French religious fanatic
1635 - Philipp Jakob Spener, German theologian (d. 1705)
1651 - Henry Booth, 1st Earl of Warrington, English politician (d. 1694)
1683 - Johann Christoph Graupner, German composer
1690 - Gottfried Heinrich Stolzel, composer
1720 - Richard Hurd, English bishop and writer (d. 1808)
1727 - Johann Christoph Schmugel, composer
1734 - Luca Sorkocevic, composer
1749 - Friedrich Müller, painter and dramatist (d. 1825)
1778 - Anton Fischer, composer
1787 - John Davis, 14th and 17th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1854)
1788 - Carl Ludwig Cornelius Westenholz, composer
1802 - Eduard von Bauernfeld, Vienna, comedic playwright
1804 - Paul Gavarni, French caricaturist (d. 1866)
1804 - John Pringle Nichol, Scottish Astronomer and educator
1805 - Thomas Dyer, Mayor of Chicago (d. 1862)
1807 - Napoleon Bonaparte Buford, Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), died in 1883
1808 - Salmon P Chase, (Sen-R) cabinet member, 6th chief justice (1864-73)
1812 - Humphrey Marshall, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1872
1812 - Victor de Laprade, French poet and critic (d. 1883)
1815 - William Henry French, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1881
1824 - Ignacy Marceli Komorowski, composer
1832 - Horatio Alger, Jr., American minister and author (Lost at Sea, Work & Win), born in Chelsea, Massachusetts
1835 - Gustaaf Rolin-Jaequemyns, Belgian jurist/minister of the Interior
1845 - Félix Tisserand, French Astronomer (d. 1896)
1850 - Leon Francis Victor Caron, composer
1858 - Oskar Minkowski, Biologist (d.1931)
1859 - Karl Bleibtreu, German author (Revolution of Literature)
1859 - Kostis Palamas, Greek poet (d. 1943)
1861 - Max Nonne, German neurologist (d. 1959)
1864 - Wilhelm K W Wien, German physicist (Nobel 1911)
1865 - Princess Marie of Orléans (d. 1908)
1866 - Vasily Sergeyevich Kalinnikov, composer
1869 - Emanuele F, duke of Aosta, Italian general (WW I)/fascist
1870 - Henryk Opienski, Polish composer/conductor (St Moniuszko)
1870 - Ross Granville Harrison, American biologist (d.1959)
1874 - Jozef E van Roey, Flemish cardinal/archbishop of Mechlin
1878 - Lionel Groulx, Canadian nationalist (d. 1967)
1881 - Essington Lewis, Australian industrialist (d. 1961)
1884 - Johannes Elsensohn, Dutch actor/writer (Arie, novel from the Jordan)
1884 - Sophie Tucker, [Kalish], Russia, singer/last of red hot mammas
1885 - Alfred Fuller, CEO (Fuller Brush Man)
1886 - Art Ross, Canadian ice hockey player and executive (d. 1964)
1887 - George Gurdjieff, Armenian-Greek mystic (d. 1949)
1890 - Jüri Uluots, Estonian Prime Minister (d. 1945)
1892 - Paul Smart, US, yachtsman (Olympic-gold-1948)
1893 - Clarke Ashton Smith, US, sci-fi author (Lost Worlds, Genius Loci)
1893 - Jan Evangelista Zelinka, composer
1893 - Roy Cazaly, Australian rules footballer (d. 1963)
1895 - Anton Betzner, writer
1895 - Fortunio Bonanova, Palma de Mallorca Spain, opera singer
1898 - Pedro DE Teixeira de Mattos, Dutch diplomat
1898 - Kai Munk, Danish playwright and Lutheran pastor, martyr (d. 1944)
1898 - Carlo Tagliabue, Italian baritone (d. 1978)
1899 - Kay Francis, American actress (d. 1968)
1900 - Yasuji Kiyose, composer
1901 - A. B. Guthrie, American novelist, historian (d. 1991)
1901 - Mieczysław Żywczyński, Polish historian and priest (d. 1978)
1903 - Kay Francis, [Katherine E Gibbs], Oklahoma City, actress (False Madonna)
1904 - Richard Addinsell, London England, composer (Taming of Shrew)
1905 - Percy Humphrey, New Orleans, Louisiana, jazz trumpet player and bandleader
1906 - Maxime Jacob, composer
1907 - Sabine Zlatin, nurse
1909 - Danny Barker, jazz guitarist
1909 - Marinus van der Lubbe, Dutch communist
1911 - Johannes Bjelke-Petersen, premier (Queensland)
1913 - Jeff Morrow, NYC, actor (Bart-Union Pacific, Temperatures Rising)
1913 - Ralph Edwards, Merino Colo, TV host (This is Your Life)
1915 - Edward Frederick Weston Goodman, property developer
1916 - Bella Lewitsky, choreographer
1916 - Osa Massen, Copenhagen Denmark, actress (Jack London, Rocketship XM)
1917 - Felix Guerro Diaz, composer
1918 - Lester Sill, pioneer music publisher/record producer
1918 - Steve Dunne, Northampton Mass, actor (Professional Father)
1918 - Ted Willis, prolific English screenwriter (It's Great to be Young)
1919 - Army Archerd, Hollywood columnist/TV host (Movie Game)
1919 - Robert Stack, Los Angeles California, actor (Eliot Ness-Untouchables, Airplane)
1921 - Dachine Rainer, British writer (d. 2000)
1923 - Danil Shafran, cellist
1923 - Jack Watling, London, actor (Nanny, Adventure for 2, Naked Heart)
1924 - Philip Rawson, artist/teacher
1924 - Paul Feyerabend, Austrian-born philosopher (d. 1994)
1925 - Gwen Verdon, LA, actress/singer/dancer (Cotton Club, Sweet Charity)
1925 - Rosemary Murphy, Munich Germany, actress (Margaret-Lucas Tanner)
1926 - Carolyn Heilbrun, [Amanda Cross], author (Lady Ottoline's Album)
1926 - Pamela M Cunnington, English architect/author (Change of Use)
1926 - Michael Bond, British writer
1927 - Brock Adams, American politician (d. 2004)
1927 - Sydney Brenner, British Nobel Laureate
1928 - David Sheiner, NYC, actor (Paul-Mr Novak, Norman-Diana)
1928 - Gregory Walcott, Wilson NC, actor (87th Precinct)
1929 - Joseph Anthony Pass, guitarist
1929 - Wim Bary, Dutch actor/theater director (Nice Boys)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 2 of 2

MLB Outfielder Sammy SosaMLB Outfielder Sammy Sosa (1992) 1992 - MLB baseball right fielder Sammy Sosa (23) weds Sonia Rodriguez
2006 - "The Diary of Anne Frank" actress Shelley Winters (85) weds Gerry DeFord a few hours before her death

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 132

Roman General and Consul Gaius MariusRoman General and Consul Gaius Marius (86 BC) 86 BC - Gaius Marius, Roman general and politician (held the office of consul seven times), dies at 70
533 - Remigius van Reims, 1st bishop of Reims (459-533)/saint, dies about 96
703 - Empress Jitō of Japan (b. 645)
858 - Aethelwolf, king of Wessex (Battle at Aclea), dies
888 - Charles III, the Fat One, King of Franconia/Roman emperor, dies
1049 - Derrick IV, Count of Holland (1039-49), dies in battle
1138 - Simon I, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1076)
1151 - Abbot Suger, French statesman and historian (b. 1081)
1177 - Hendrik Jasomirgott Babenberg, Duke of Austria, dies. (b. 1107)
1307 - Arnoud van Foreest, Dom deacon of Utrecht, dies
1330 - Frederick I (III), the Fair, Duke of Austrian/German anti-king, dies (b. 1286)
1363 - Meinhard III of Gorizia-Tyrol (b. 1344)
1488 - Hermann Vischer, "the Old", buried
1599 - Edmund Spenser, poet (Faerie Queene), dies at about 46
1625 - Pieter Bruegel "the Older", (Bloemenbruegel), Flemish painter, dies
1630 - Yuan Chonghuan, Chinese military commander (b. 1584)
1651 - Abraham C Bloemaert, painter/cartoonist/engraver, dies at 86
1658 - Edward Sexby, English Puritan soldier (b. 1616)
1682 - Simon van Leeuwen, Dutch lawyer/historian, dies at 55
1691 - George Fox, founder of Quakers, dies at 66
1702 - Peter Rabus, Dutch poet/translator (Great Name Book), dies at 41
1762 - Leonhard Trautsch, composer, dies at 68
1766 - King Frederick V of Denmark (b. 1723)
1790 - Luc Urbain de Bouexic, comte de Guichen, French admiral (b. 1712)
1795 - Francois-Joseph Krafft, composer, dies at 73
1796 - John H. D. Anderson, Scottish scientist and inventor (b. 1726)
1797 - Elisabeth C von Brunswick-Bevern, wife of Frederick II, dies at 81
1828 - Alexandre-Auguste Robineau, composer, dies at 80
1832 - Thomas Lord, English cricketer, founder of Lord's cricket ground (b. 1755)
1838 - Ferdinand Ries, German composer dies at 53
1853 - Theophilos Kairis, Greek priest, humanist and revolutionary (b. 1783)
1860 - William Mason, American politician (b. 1786)
Father of American Music Stephen FosterFather of American Music Stephen Foster (1864) 1864 - Stephen Foster, American composer (My Old Kentucky Home), dies at 37 in New York
1879 - WF Hendrik the Navigator, prince of Neth/viceroy of Lux, dies at 58
1882 - Wilhelm Mauser, German weapon designer and manufacturer (b. 1834)
1885 - Schuyler Colfax, American politician (b.1823)
1889 - Solomon Bundy, American politician (b. 1823)
1892 - Charles Albert White, composer, dies at 62
1894 - Nadezhda von Meck, Russian patroness of Pyotr Tchaikovsky (b. 1831)
1901 - Carlo Angeloni, composer, dies at 66
1905 - George Thorn, Premier of Queensland (b. 1838)
1906 - Alexander Stepanovich Popov, Russian physicist (b. 1859)
1913 - Thomas P Krag, Norw author/novelist (Jon Graeff, Ulf Ran), dies at 44
1914 - Bernardus H Heldt, Dutch MP, dies at 72
1914 - Valentin de Zubiaurre y Unionbarrenechea, composer, dies 76
1915 - Mary Slessor, Scottish missionary (b. 1848)
1924 - Georg H Quincke, German physicist (Test of Quincke), dies at 89
1928 - Johan Peter Koch, Danish officer/explorer, dies at 57
OK Corral Sheriff Wyatt EarpOK Corral Sheriff Wyatt Earp (1929) 1929 - Wyatt Earp, US marshall (OK Corral), dies at 80
1929 - H. B. Higgins, Australian politician and judge (b. 1851)
1930 - C-E Auguste Rateau, French inventor (R-steam turbine), dies at 66
1930 - Sebastian Ziani de Ferranti, English Electrical Engineer and Inventor, dies at 65
1932 - Sophia of Prussia, consort of Constantine I of Greece (b. 1870)
1934 - Jean-Baptiste Marchand, soldier/explorer (Sudan), dies at 70
1934 - Paul Ulrich Villard, French Chemist and Physicist who discovered gamma rays, dies at 73
1937 - Walter Brearley, cricketer (17 wkts in 4 Tests for Eng 1905-12), dies
1939 - Jacob Ruppert, CEO (NY Yankees, 1915-39), dies
Novelist & Poet James JoyceNovelist & Poet James Joyce (1941) 1941 - James Joyce, novelist (Ulysses), dies in Zurich Switzerland, at 58
1943 - Sophie Taeuber-Arp, Swiss artist (b. 1889)
1947 - Veit Valentin, German/US historian (German People), dies at 61
1953 - Paul Niggli, Swiss Mineralogist (crystal structures), dies at 64
1954 - Roland Diggle, composer, dies at 69
1958 - Edna Purviance, actress (Charlie Chaplin, Sunnyside), dies at 61
1958 - John Lindeboom, Dutch vicar/church historian, dies at 75
1958 - Jesse L. Lasky, U.S. film producer (b. 1880)
1960 - Sibilla Aleramo, [Rina Faccio], Ital poet (Una Donna), dies at 83
1962 - Ernie Kovacs, comedian, dies in a car crash in West LA, at 42
1963 - Leonardus G Kortenhorst, Dutch MP (KVP), dies at 76
1968 - Bill Masterson, NHL player for the Minnesota Northstars checked into the boards, dies two days later
1969 - Fred Price, cricket wicket-keep (England, v Aust Headingley 1938), dies
1969 - Wilton Graff, actor (Bloodlust, Just Before Dawn), dies at 65
1971 - Bernard "Heinz" Lammerding, Germ SS-gen/contractor (Tulle), dies at 65
1971 - Robert Still, composer, dies at 60
1971 - Robert Still, English composer (b. 1910)
1974 - Raoul Jobin, Canadian tenor (b. 1906)
1974 - Salvador Novo, Mexican writer and poet (b. 1904)
1976 - Margaret Leighton, Brit actress (Much ado about nothing), dies at 53
1978 - Hubert Humphrey, (Sen-D-Minn, VP), dies at 66 in Waverly, Minn
1978 - Joseph V McCarthy, baseball manager (NY Yankees), dies at 96
1979 - Donny Hathaway, Chicago Ill, rocker (Ghetto), commits suicide at 33
1979 - Marjorie Lawrence, Australian soprano (b. 1907)
1980 - Andre Kostelanetz, Russian conductor, dies at 78
1981 - Emiel van Hemeldonck, Belgian writer (Mary, My Child), dies at 83
1982 - Marcel Camus, French director (Orfeu Negro), dies at 69
1983 - Arthur Space, actor (Doc Weaver-Lassie), dies of cancer at 74
1983 - D Mack Reynolds, US writer (Amazon Planet, Once Departed), dies
1983 - Doodles Weaver, comedian (Spike Jones & City Slickers), dies at 71
1983 - John McHugh, actor (Unspeakable), dies of a heart attack at 69
1985 - Carol Wayne, Johnny Carson's teatime movie hostess, dies at 42
1987 - E van Ruller, Dutch journalist/co-founder (Trouw, Loyal), dies
1988 - Chiang Ching-huo, president of Taiwan (1978-88), dies at 69
1989 - Joe Spinell, actor (Maniac, Star Crash, Strike Force), dies at 51
1992 - Josef Neckermann, German founder mail-order firm/travel bureau, dies
1992 - Yvonne Bryceland, actress (Road to Mecca), dies of cancer at 66
1993 - Rene Pleven, PM of France (1950-51, 51-52), dies
1993 - Camargo Guarnieri, Brazilian composer (b. 1907)
1994 - Frederick William Sternfield, musicologist, dies at 79
1994 - Johan J Holst, Norwegian min of defense/foreign affairs, dies at 56
1995 - Arnold Smith, painter (Vigelius Prize 1935), dies at 89
1995 - Arthur Mervyn Stockwood, bishop, dies at 81

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