This Day in History for 14th January

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 157

3102 BC - Epoch (origin) of the Kali Yuga.
1129 - Formal approval of the Order of the Templar at the Council of Troyes.
1301 - Andrew III of Hungary (1290-1301) dies at 50, ending the Arpad dynasty in Hungary.
1501 - Martin Luther, age 17, enters the University of Erfurt.
1514 - Pope Leo X issues a papal bull against slavery.
1526 - Charles V & Francis I sign Treaty of Madrid, forcing Francis to give up claims to Burgundy, Italy & Flanders
1539 - Spain annexes Cuba.
1601 - Church authorities in Rome burn Hebrew books
1639 - 1st Connecticut constitution (Fundamental Orders) adopted in Hartford, published by Rodger Ludlow
1641 - United East Indian Company conquerors city of Malakka, 7,000 killed
1659 - Battle at Elvas: Portuguese beat Spanish
Pope Leo XPope Leo X 1690 - Clarinet invented, in Nurnberg, Germany
1699 - Massachusetts holds day of fasting for wrongly persecuting "witches"
1717 - German mob leader "Sjako" sentenced to death in Amsterdam
1724 - Spanish King Philip V abdicates throne
1739 - England and Spain sign 2nd Convention of Pardo
1746 - Bonnie Prince Charlie's army leaves Glasgow [OS=Jan 3]
1784 - US Revolutionary War ends; US Congress of the Confederation ratifies the Treaty of Paris
1785 - Mozart completes "Dissonantenkwartet" (opus 10)
1794 - Dr Jessee Bennet of Edom, Va, performs 1st successful Cesarean section operationin the US on his wife
1799 - Eli Whitney receives government contract for 10,000 muskets
1799 - King of Naples flees before advancing French armies
1813 - Gideon Hawley becomes 1st state school superintendent in US (NY)
1814 - King of Denmark cedes Norway to King of Sweden by treaty of Kiel
1822 - Greek War of Independence: Acrocorinth is captured by Theodoros Kolokotronis and Demetrius Ypsilanti.
1858 - French Emperor Napoleon III escapes attempt on his life by Felice Orsini, an Italian patriot who was later executed
1861 - Fort Pikens, FL, falls into state hands
1863 - Battle between gunboats at Bayou Teche Louisiana
1864 - Battle of Cosby Creek, TN
Union General William Tecumseh ShermanUnion General William Tecumseh Sherman 1864 - General Sherman begins his march to the South
1868 - NC constitutional convention meets in Raleigh
1868 - SC constitutional convention meets with a black majority
1873 - "Celluloid" registered as a trademark
1873 - P B S Pinchback elected to Senate
1874 - I D Shadd elected Speaker of lower house of Miss legislature
1878 - US Supreme court rules race separation on trains unconstitutional
1897 - 6,960 m (22,834 ft) Cerro Aconcagua (Argentina) 1st climbed
1898 - Joe Darling hits the 1st six in Tests (out of the ground)
Composer Giacomo PucciniComposer Giacomo Puccini 1900 - Giacomo Puccini's opera "Tosca," premieres in Rome
1905 - Hubbell, Shubert & Smith's musical "Fontana," premieres in NYC
1907 - An earthquake in Kingston, Jamaica kills more than 1,000.
1908 - Roger Hartigan scores century on Test debut v Eng Adelaide (116)
1909 - Coöp. Far. Central Management forms
1912 - Raymond Poincaré becomes premier of France
1914 - Henry Ford introduces an assembly line for Model T
1916 - Dutch Zuiderzee dyke cracks
1918 - Finland & USSR adopt New Style (Gregorian) calendar
1919 - John McGraw, Charles A Stoneham, & Judge MCQuade buy NY Giants
Ford Motor Company Founder Henry FordFord Motor Company Founder Henry Ford 1924 - Allies direct Fiume (Rijeka) in Italy
1925 - Alban Berg's atonale opera "Wozzeck," premieres in Berlin
1927 - Toronto Maple Leafs 1st hat trick (Hap Day) vs NY Rangers
1929 - Afghan King Amanullah forced to resign
1932 - 1st totalisator (to record racetrack bets) in US installed, Hialeah
1932 - Horse racing legend Eddie Arcaro won his 1st race
1935 - Iraq-Mediterranean oil pipeline goes into use
1936 - L M (Mario) Giannini elected president of Bank of America
1938 - National Society for Legalization of Euthanasia forms (NY)
1939 - All commercial ferry service to East Bay ends
1939 - Norway claims Queen Maud Land in Antarctica
1940 - Commissioner Kenesaw Landis gives free agency to 91 Detroit Tigers
1940 - NFL Pro Bowl: Green Bay beats NFL All-Stars 16-7
1942 - Japanese troops land at oil center Balikpapan in Borneo
1943 - Alex Smart (Mont) is 1st NHLer to score hat trick in his 1st game
32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt 1943 - FDR & Winston Churchill confer in Casablanca concerning WW II
1943 - Heinrich Himmler views Warsaw
1944 - Soviet army begins offensive at Oranienbaum/Wolchow
1945 - In Greece, Communists and the British agree to a cease-fire in the struggle to control Athens (and with it Greece)
1946 - 2 jetties collapse in Ganges-160 Hindu pilgrims are crushed
1949 - Black/Indian race rebellion in Durban, South Africa; 142 die
1950 - "As the Girls Go" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 420 perfs
1950 - US recalls all consular officials from China
1951 - NFL Pro Bowl: 1st since 1942, Americans beat Nationals 28-27
1952 - "Today Show" premieres with Dave Garroway & Jack Lescoulie on NBC-TV
1952 - Rationing of coffee in Netherlands ends
1952 - Snowstorm in Sierra Nevada kills 26
1953 - Vaughan William's "Sinfonia Antartica," premieres in Manchester
1953 - WALA TV channel 10 in Mobile, AL (NBC) begins broadcasting
1953 - Yugoslavia elects its 1st president (Marshal Tito)
1954 - Sandy Wilson's musical "Boyfriend," premieres in London
1954 - The Hudson Motor Car Company merges with Nash-Kelvinator Corporation forming the American Motors Corporation.
1955 - Heitor Villa-Lobos' 8th Symphony, premieres in Phila
1956 - Jordan government refuses to join Pact of Baghdad
1956 - Little Richard releases "Tutti Frutti"
1960 - Tuindorp-Oostzaan in Northern Amsterdam, flooded
Singer & Cultural Icon Elvis PresleySinger & Cultural Icon Elvis Presley 1960 - US Army promoted Elvis Presley to Sergeant
1961 - Chic Bear Willard Dewveall becomes 1st NFLer to join AFL
1962 - NFL Pro Bowl: West beats East 31-30
1963 - George C Wallace sworn in as governor of Alabama, his address states "segregation now; segregation tomorrow; segregation forever!"
1964 - 14th NBA All-Star Game: East beats West 111-107 at Boston
1964 - Bapu Nadkarni 32-27-5-0 v England, 21 maiden overs in a row
1964 - Jacqueline Kennedy's 1st public appearance (TV) since assassination
1966 - David Bowie releases his 1st record (Can't Help Thinking About Me)
1967 - 20,000 attend Human Be-In, SF
1967 - Earthquake in Sicily kills 231
1967 - NY Times reports Army is conducting secret germ warfare experiments
Goddess of Pop  Cher Goddess of Pop Cher 1967 - Sonny & Cher release "Beat Goes On"
1968 - Super Bowl II: Green Bay Packers beat Oakland Raiders, 33-14 in Miami Super Bowl MVP: Bart Starr, Green Bay, QB
1969 - 25 members of US aircraft carrier Enterprise die during maneuvers
1969 - Soyuz 4 launched; rendezvous with Soyuz 5 two days later
1969 - An explosion aboard the USS Enterprise near Hawaii kills 27 people.

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 258

Roman Politician and General Mark AntonyRoman Politician and General Mark Antony (83 BC) 83 BC - Mark Antony [Marcus Antonius], Rome, Roman Politician and General (Battle of Actium) (d. 30 BC)
1131 - King Valdemar I of Denmark (d. 1182)
1451 - Franchinus Gaffurius, composer
1467 - Henry van Stolberg & Wernigerode, German gov/viceroy of Frisia
1477 - Hermann of Wied, German Catholic archbishop (d. 1552)
1507 - Catherine of Habsburg, Infanta of Spain and queen of Portugal (d. 1578)
1551 - Alberico Gentili, Italian jurist (d. 1608)
1566 - Angelo Notari, composer
1592 - Sjihab al-Din Sultan Choerram Sjah Djahan, leader of India
1615 - John Biddle, English minister (Unitarian)
1618 - Jan Six, Dutch mayor of Amsterdam
1655 - Angelo Predieri, composer
1664 - Simon van Slingelandt, Dutch grand pensionary (1727-36)
1684 - Jean-Baptiste Vanloo, French painter
1684 - Johann Matthias Hase, German scientist (d. 1742)
1702 - Nakamikado Emperor of Japan (d. 1737)
1705 - Jean-Baptiste C Bouvet de Lozier/Lozier-Bouvet, governor (Reunion Is)
1722 - Friedrich Gottlob Fleischer, composer
1730 - William Whipple, merchant/judge (Declaration of Independence signer)
US Defector General Benedict ArnoldUS Defector General Benedict Arnold (1741) 1741 - Benedict Arnold, Norwich Connecticut, US general turned traitor (American Revolutionary War)
1751 - Corona Elizabeth Wilhelmine Schroter, composer
1780 - Francois-Joseph Dizi, composer
1791 - Calvin Phillips, became shortest known adult male (67 cm; 2' 2")
1792 - Christian Julius De Meza, Danish general (d. 1865)
1793 - John C. Clark, American politician (d. 1852)
1798 - Isaac da Costa, Dutch writer/lawyer
1798 - Johan R Thorbecke, Premier of Netherlands (Lib-1849..72)
1800 - Ludwig Alois Ferdinand Köchel, Austrian musicologist (d. 1877)
1804 - John Park, composer
1806 - Matthew Fontaine Maury, Naval Commander (Confederacy)
1806 - Sir Charles Hotham, Governor of Victoria (d. 1855)
1812 - Carl Gradener, composer
1814 - Johannes Josephus Viotta, composer
1817 - Harmen S Sytstra, Dutch poet/editor (Iduna)
1818 - Zacharias Topelius, Finnish historical novelist (Surgeon's Stories)
1819 - Fabio Campana, composer
1819 - Frederick Steele, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1868
1822 - Nicholas Mori, composer
1824 - Vladimir Stasov, Russian art and music critic (d. 1906)
1831 - John Bullock Clark Jr, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1903
1834 - William Cleaver Francis Robinson, composer
1836 - [Hugh] Judson Kilpatrick, Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), died in 1881
1836 - Henri Fantin-Latour, French painter (d. 1904)
1839 - Emil Bohn, composer
1841 - Berthe M P Morisot, French painter/aquarellist
1844 - Clara Kathleen Rogers, composer
1845 - Henry C K Petty-Fitzmaurice 5th marquess of Landsdowne/gov-gen Canada
1850 - Jean de Reszke, [Jan Mieczyslaw], Polish tenor
1850 - Pierre Loti, French writer (d. 1923)
1851 - Theophile EA de Bock, Dutch painter/etcher/drawer
1856 - J. F. Archibald, Australian journalist and publisher (d. 1919)
1857 - Alice Pike Barney, American painter
1861 - Wilhelm von Polenz, German writer (Der Pfarrer von Breitendorf)
1863 - Pieter Oosterlee, Dutch educator
1868 - Catharina A M de Savornin Lohman, Dutch author (Belief)
1870 - Sir George Pearce, Australian politician (d. 1952)
1871 - Pauline Beersmans, [PLJM van Cuyck], Flemish actress (Hofslachter)
1874 - Thornton Waldo Burgess, author (Peter Rabbit)
1875 - Albert Schweitzer, doctor/humanitarian/organist (Nobel 1954)
1878 - Victor A D Segalen, [Max Anely], French writer
1882 - Hendrik W van Loon, Netherland, commentator/writer (Story of America)
1886 - Hugh Lofting, England, writer & illustrator (Dr Dolittle)
1889 - Vincenzo Davico, composer
1892 - Hal Roach, early film director/producer (1 Million BC)
1892 - Martin Niemöller, clergyman (German Protestant); imprisoned by Hitler
1895 - George Richard Samways, children's writer
1896 - John dos Passos, novelist (1919, Big Money, 42nd Parallel)
1897 - Hasso von Manteuffel, German general and politician (d. 1978)
1898 - Helen Flint, Chicago, actress (Sea Devils, Married Before Breakfast)
1899 - Fritz Bayerlein, German lt-general (WW I, Poland, Libya, St-Lo)
1899 - Carlos Romulo, Filipino diplomat and author (d. 1985)
1901 - Bebe Daniels, Scotland, actress (42nd Street, Lonesome Luke)
1901 - Carlos P Romulo, Philippine general/diplomat/jurist
1902 - Alfred Tarski, Warsaw, mathematician/logician
1902 - F C Terborgh, [Reijnier Flaes], Dutch writer (De Turkenoorlog)
1903 - Veronica Turleigh, County Donegal Ireland, actress (Promoter)
1904 - Cecil Beaton, England, royal family photographer
1904 - Emily Hahn, American writer (d. 1997)
1905 - Takeo Fukuda, 67th Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1995)
1906 - Walter Knape, composer
1906 - William Bendix, NYC, actor (Lifeboat, Babe Ruth Story, Life of Riley)
1907 - Derek Richter, British neuro chemist (Aspects of learning & memory)
1907 - Sophie Redmond, Suriname's 1st female physician
1907 - Georges-Émile Lapalme, Quebec politician (d. 1985)
1908 - Carl Esmond, Vienna Austria, actor (Address Unknown, Hitler)
1908 - Ruggiero de Rudolpho Columbo, US singer/actor (Miracle of Women)
1909 - Joseph Walton Losey, Wisconsin, director (Damned, Accident)
1910 - Renier van der Velden, composer
1911 - George Amadee Tremblay, composer
1911 - Helmut Degen, composer
1911 - Anatoly Rybakov, Russian writer (d. 1998)
1913 - Tillie Olsen, American writer (Tell Me a Riddle)
1914 - Harold Russell, actor (Best Years of Our Life)
1915 - Andre Frossard, Catholic columnist
1915 - Mark Goodson, American game show producer (d. 1992)
1916 - John Oliver Killens, novelist
1919 - Andy Rooney, Albany NY, CBS news correspondent (60 Minutes)
1919 - Giulio Andreotti, 7 x premier (Italy), (d. 2013)
1920 - Bertus de Harder, Dutch soccer star (Bordeaux)
1920 - Donald Beard, cricketer (NZ pace bowler in the 1950's)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 10 of 10

1236 - English King Henry III marries Eleonora of Provence
1914 - Danish "Out of Africa" author Karen Blixen (28), pen name Isak Dinesen marries her 2nd cousin Baron Hans von Blixen-Finecke
Author John SteinbeckAuthor John Steinbeck (1930) 1930 - Author John Steinbeck (27) weds Carol Henning in Los Angeles, California
1954 - NY Yankee Joe DiMaggio weds actress Marilyn Monroe (27) in her 2nd marraige at San Francisco City Hall
1958 - Activist Malcolm X marries fellow activist Betty Shabazz in Lansing, Michigan
1974 - US Senator Bill Bradley (30) weds professor Ernestine Schlant
1980 - Actor Samuel L. Jackson (31) weds sports channel producer LaTanya Richardson (30)
2006 - Rapper Eminem marries Kimberly Anne Scott for the 2nd time
2011 - "Buffy the Vampire Slayer" actor James Marsters (48) weds longtime girlfriend Patricia Rahman in Los Angeles
Rock Bassist/Vocalist George Roger WatersRock Bassist/Vocalist George Roger Waters (2012) 2012 - Pink Floyd vocalist George Roger Waters (68) weds filmmaker Laurie Durning

Famous Divorces

Divorces 1 - 2 of 2

1994 - Kathleen Kinmont files for divorce from Lorenzo Lamas
2010 - "Easy Rider" director and actor Dennis Hopper (73) divorces his fifth wife Victoria Duffy due to irreconcilable differences and out-of-control spending

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 135

973 - Ekkehard I, monk of St Gallen (Vita Waltharii manu fortis), dies
1163 - Ladislaus I Arpad, king of Hungary (1162-63), dies
1236 - Sava [Rastko], son of Serbia's king/saint, dies at 64
1331 - Odoric, Italian explorer (b. 1286)
1623 - Paolo Sarpi, Italian church historian/politician, dies at 70
1640 - Thomas Coventry, 1st Baron Coventry, English lawyer and judge (b. 1578)
1648 - Casparus Barleaus, Flemish theologist/poet (Muiderkring), dies at 63
1676 - Pier Francesco Cavalli, Italian (opera)composer, dies at 73
1679 - Jacques de Billy, French mathematician (b. 1602)
1701 - Tokugawa Mitsukuni, Japanese warlord (b. 1628)
1742 - Edmond Halley, English scientist (b. 1656)
1766 - Frederik V, king of Denmark/Norway (1746-66), dies at 42
1786 - Meshech Weare, Governor of New Hampshire (b. 1713)
1786 - Michael Arne, English composer (b. 1740 or 1741)
1788 - François Joseph Paul, marquis de Grasetilly, comte de Grasse, French admiral (b. 1722)
1802 - Marie Allard, French ballerina, dies at 59
1817 - Pierre-Alexandre Monsigny, composer, dies at 87
1819 - Peter Pindar, English satirist (b. 1738)
1822 - Franz Innocenz Joseph Kobell, German landscape painter, dies at 72
1825 - George Dance the Younger, English architect (b. 1741)
1830 - Johann G Repsold, German instrument maker, dies at 59
1833 - Seraphim of Sarov, Russian Orthodox saint (b. 1759)
1847 - Gov Bent, 5 others in US occupation, killed by revolt in New Mexico
1850 - Anthony van Hoboken, Rotterdam merchant/ship owner, dies at 93
1867 - Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres, French painter (b. 1780)
1868 - Heinrich Schenker, Austrian musicologist (Ursatz), dies at 66
1887 - Friedrich von Amerling, Austrian painter, dies at 83
1887 - Peter "Peerke" Donders, missionary (Father of Melaatsen), dies at 77
1888 - Stephen Heller, composer, dies at 74
1889 - Ema Puksec, Croatian singer (b. 1834)
1890 - Francesco D'Arcais, composer, dies at 59
1892 - Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence, British prince (b. 1864)
Author and Mathematician Lewis CarrollAuthor and Mathematician Lewis Carroll (1898) 1898 - Lewis Carroll, writer (Alice in Wonderland), dies at 65
1901 - Charles Hermite, French mathematician (e is transcendent), dies at 78
1901 - Mandell Creighton, English bishop/historian, dies at 57
1901 - Victor Balaguer, Catalaans historian/politician/author, dies at 76
1902 - Cato M Guldberg, Norwegian mathematician, dies at 65
1905 - Ernst Abbe, German physicist (Carl Zeiss Optics Company), dies at 64
1907 - Karl von Perfall, composer, dies at 82
1907 - Sir James Fergusson, British politician, and governor of South Australia, New Zealand and Bombay (b. 1832)
1908 - Holger Drachmann, writer, dies
1909 - Sinovi P Rozhestvensky, Russian admiral, dies at 60
1912 - Otto Liebmann, German philosopher (Kant & Epigones), dies at 71
1915 - Richard Meux Benson, founder of Anglican religious order (b. 1824)
1916 - Otto Ammon, German anthropologist/sociologist, dies at 73
1920 - John Francis Dodge, American automobile pioneer (b. 1864)
1923 - Zübeyde Hanım, Mother of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (b. 1857)
1924 - Arne Garborg, Norwegian playwright (Mannfolk), dies at 72
1925 - Willem Devout, self employed (V & Dreesmann), dies
1929 - Cornelis W Lely, Dutch Governor of Suriname (1902-05), dies at 74
1931 - William Ernst Johnson, British mathematician, dies
1937 - Jaishankar Prasad, Hindi poet, dramatist and novelist (b. 1889)
1942 - Porfirio Barba-Jacob, Colombian writer (b. 1883)
1943 - Adolf Sandberger, composer, dies at 78
1944 - Mohammed Emin Yurdakul, Turkish poet, dies at about 74
1945 - Sandor Vandor, composer, dies at 43
1948 - Anna "Ans" van Dike, Dutch Jewish Nazi-collaborator, executed at 42
1949 - Joaquín Turina, Spanish pianist/conductor/composer (Rima), dies at 66
1952 - Artur Kapp, Estonian composer (b. 1878)
1956 - Siegfried F Nadel, Aust/Brit anthropologist (Nuba), dies at 52
1957 - Humphrey Bogart, actor (Casablanca, Caine Mutiny), dies at 57
1961 - Ernest Thesiger, actor (Brass Monkey, Ghoul), dies at 81
1961 - Henry Geehl, composer, dies at 79
1963 - Gustav Regler, writer, dies at 64
1965 - Jeanette MacDonald, soprano (When I'm Calling You), dies at 63
1966 - Sergei Korolev, Russian space station constructor, dies
1966 - Bill Carr, American athlete (b. 1909)
1967 - Renato Lunelli, composer, dies at 71
1968 - Dorothea Mackellar, Australian poet (My Country) (b. 1885)
1970 - John J "Johnny" Murphy, US baseball pitcher (NY Yankees), dies at 61
1970 - William Feller, Croatian mathematician (b. 1906)
1971 - Ethel Glenn Hier, composer, dies at 82
1972 - Frederik IX, [Christiaan FFMKW], king of Denmark (1947-72), dies at 72
1974 - Josef Smrkovsky, Czechoslovakia parliament chairman, dies at 62
1976 - Margaret Leighton, actress (Best Man, Go-Between), dies at 53
1976 - Abdul Razak bin Hussain, premier of Malaysia (1970-77), dies at 53
1977 - Anthony Eden, British premier (1955-57), dies at 79
1977 - Peter Finch, actor (Network, Nun's Story, Judith), dies at 60
1977 - Anaïs Nin, French author (b. 1903)
1978 - Blossom Rock, actress (Grandmamma-Addams Family), dies at 81
1978 - Robert Heger, composer, dies at 91
1978 - Harold Abrahams, British athlete (b. 1899)
1978 - Kurt Gödel, Austrian mathematician (b. 1906)
1979 - Thomas DeSimone, gangster associate of the Lucchese crime family (b. 1950)
1980 - Robert Ardrey, American author (b. 1908)
1981 - John O'Grady, Australian writer (Nino Culotta) (b. 1907)
1984 - Mary Zeldenrust-Noordanus, Dutch sexuologist (NVSH), dies at 55
1984 - Paul Ben Haim, composer, dies at 86
MacDonalds Entreprenuer Ray KrocMacDonalds Entreprenuer Ray Kroc (1984) 1984 - Ray Kroc, founder of McDonalds/owner San Diego Padres, dies at 81
1985 - Jetta Goudal, French actress (White Gold), dies at 86
1986 - Donna Reed, actress (Donna Reed Show, Dallas), dies of cancer at 64
1986 - Walter Leblanc, Belgian painter, dies at 53
1986 - Daniel Balavoine, French singer (b. 1952)
1987 - Douglas Sirk, director (Zu Neuen Ufern, Boefje), dies at 86
1988 - Georgy M Malenkov, PM of USSR (1953-55), dies at 86
1990 - David Arkin, actor (I Love You Alice B Toklas), dies
1990 - Mani Madhava Chakyar, Koodiyattam artist and Sanskrit scholar (b. 1899)
1991 - Sallah Kharaf, [Abu Iyad], co-founder (Al-Fatah), assassinated
1991 - Gordon Bryant, Australian politician (b. 1914)
1992 - Hari Rhodes, actor (Earth II, Detroit 9000), dies at 59

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