This Day in History for 14th January

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 158

3102 BC - Epoch (origin) of the Kali Yuga.
1129 - Formal approval of the Order of the Templar at the Council of Troyes.
1301 - Andrew III of Hungary (1290-1301) dies at 50, ending the Arpad dynasty in Hungary.
1501 - Martin Luther, age 17, enters the University of Erfurt.
1514 - Pope Leo X issues a papal bull against slavery.
1526 - Charles V & Francis I sign Treaty of Madrid, forcing Francis to give up claims to Burgundy, Italy & Flanders
1539 - Spain annexes Cuba.
1601 - Church authorities in Rome burn Hebrew books
1639 - 1st Connecticut constitution (Fundamental Orders) adopted in Hartford, published by Rodger Ludlow
1641 - United East Indian Company conquerors city of Malakka, 7,000 killed
1659 - Battle at Elvas: Portuguese beat Spanish
Pope Leo XPope Leo X 1690 - Clarinet invented, in Nurnberg, Germany
1699 - Massachusetts holds day of fasting for wrongly persecuting "witches"
1717 - German mob leader "Sjako" sentenced to death in Amsterdam
1724 - Spanish King Philip V abdicates throne
1739 - England and Spain sign 2nd Convention of Pardo
1746 - Bonnie Prince Charlie's army leaves Glasgow [OS=Jan 3]
1784 - US Revolutionary War ends; US Congress of the Confederation ratifies the Treaty of Paris
1785 - Mozart completes "Dissonantenkwartet" (opus 10)
1794 - Dr Jessee Bennet of Edom, Va, performs 1st successful Cesarean section operationin the US on his wife
Inventor of the Cotton Gin Eli WhitneyInventor of the Cotton Gin Eli Whitney 1799 - Eli Whitney receives government contract for 10,000 muskets
1799 - King of Naples flees before advancing French armies
1813 - Gideon Hawley becomes 1st state school superintendent in US (NY)
1814 - King of Denmark cedes Norway to King of Sweden by treaty of Kiel
1822 - Greek War of Independence: Acrocorinth is captured by Theodoros Kolokotronis and Demetrius Ypsilanti.
1858 - French Emperor Napoleon III escapes attempt on his life by Felice Orsini, an Italian patriot who was later executed
1861 - Fort Pikens, FL, falls into state hands
1863 - Battle between gunboats at Bayou Teche Louisiana
1864 - Battle of Cosby Creek, TN
Union General William Tecumseh ShermanUnion General William Tecumseh Sherman 1864 - General Sherman begins his march to the South
1868 - NC constitutional convention meets in Raleigh
1868 - SC constitutional convention meets with a black majority
1873 - "Celluloid" registered as a trademark
1873 - P B S Pinchback elected to Senate
1874 - I D Shadd elected Speaker of lower house of Miss legislature
1878 - US Supreme court rules race separation on trains unconstitutional
1897 - 6,960 m (22,834 ft) Cerro Aconcagua (Argentina) 1st climbed
1898 - Joe Darling hits the 1st six in Tests (out of the ground)
Composer Giacomo PucciniComposer Giacomo Puccini 1900 - Giacomo Puccini's opera "Tosca," premieres in Rome
1905 - Hubbell, Shubert & Smith's musical "Fontana," premieres in NYC
1907 - An earthquake in Kingston, Jamaica kills more than 1,000.
1908 - Roger Hartigan scores century on Test debut v Eng Adelaide (116)
1909 - Coöp. Far. Central Management forms
1912 - Raymond Poincaré becomes premier of France
1914 - Henry Ford introduces an assembly line for Model T
1914 - The Gandhi-Smuts Agreement is reached between Gen. J.C. Smuts and Mahatma Gandhi,regarding voluntary registration, poll tax, recognition of Indian marriages and other matters
Ford Motor Company Founder Henry FordFord Motor Company Founder Henry Ford 1916 - Dutch Zuiderzee dyke cracks
1918 - Finland & USSR adopt New Style (Gregorian) calendar
1919 - John McGraw, Charles A Stoneham, & Judge MCQuade buy NY Giants
1924 - Allies direct Fiume (Rijeka) in Italy
1925 - Alban Berg's atonale opera "Wozzeck," premieres in Berlin
1927 - Toronto Maple Leafs 1st hat trick (Hap Day) vs NY Rangers
1929 - Afghan King Amanullah forced to resign
1932 - 1st totalisator (to record racetrack bets) in US installed, Hialeah
1932 - Horse racing legend Eddie Arcaro won his 1st race
1935 - Iraq-Mediterranean oil pipeline goes into use
1936 - L M (Mario) Giannini elected president of Bank of America
1938 - National Society for Legalization of Euthanasia forms (NY)
1939 - All commercial ferry service to East Bay ends
1939 - Norway claims Queen Maud Land in Antarctica
1940 - Commissioner Kenesaw Landis gives free agency to 91 Detroit Tigers
1940 - NFL Pro Bowl: Green Bay beats NFL All-Stars 16-7
1942 - Japanese troops land at oil center Balikpapan in Borneo
1943 - Alex Smart (Mont) is 1st NHLer to score hat trick in his 1st game
32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt 1943 - FDR & Winston Churchill confer in Casablanca concerning WW II
1943 - Heinrich Himmler views Warsaw
1944 - Soviet army begins offensive at Oranienbaum/Wolchow
1945 - In Greece, Communists and the British agree to a cease-fire in the struggle to control Athens (and with it Greece)
1946 - 2 jetties collapse in Ganges-160 Hindu pilgrims are crushed
1949 - Black/Indian race rebellion in Durban, South Africa; 142 die
1950 - "As the Girls Go" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 420 perfs
1950 - US recalls all consular officials from China
1951 - NFL Pro Bowl: 1st since 1942, Americans beat Nationals 28-27
1952 - "Today Show" premieres with Dave Garroway & Jack Lescoulie on NBC-TV
1952 - Rationing of coffee in Netherlands ends
1952 - Snowstorm in Sierra Nevada kills 26
1953 - Vaughan William's "Sinfonia Antartica," premieres in Manchester
1953 - WALA TV channel 10 in Mobile, AL (NBC) begins broadcasting
1953 - Yugoslavia elects its 1st president (Marshal Tito)
1954 - Sandy Wilson's musical "Boyfriend," premieres in London
1954 - The Hudson Motor Car Company merges with Nash-Kelvinator Corporation forming the American Motors Corporation.
1955 - Heitor Villa-Lobos' 8th Symphony, premieres in Phila
1956 - Jordan government refuses to join Pact of Baghdad
1956 - Little Richard releases "Tutti Frutti"
1960 - Tuindorp-Oostzaan in Northern Amsterdam, flooded
Singer & Cultural Icon Elvis PresleySinger & Cultural Icon Elvis Presley 1960 - US Army promoted Elvis Presley to Sergeant
1961 - Chic Bear Willard Dewveall becomes 1st NFLer to join AFL
1962 - NFL Pro Bowl: West beats East 31-30
1963 - George C Wallace sworn in as governor of Alabama, his address states "segregation now; segregation tomorrow; segregation forever!"
1964 - 14th NBA All-Star Game: East beats West 111-107 at Boston
1964 - Bapu Nadkarni 32-27-5-0 v England, 21 maiden overs in a row
1964 - Jacqueline Kennedy's 1st public appearance (TV) since assassination
1966 - David Bowie releases his 1st record (Can't Help Thinking About Me)
1967 - 20,000 attend Human Be-In, SF
1967 - Earthquake in Sicily kills 231
1967 - NY Times reports Army is conducting secret germ warfare experiments
Goddess of Pop  Cher Goddess of Pop Cher 1967 - Sonny & Cher release "Beat Goes On"
1968 - Super Bowl II: Green Bay Packers beat Oakland Raiders, 33-14 in Miami Super Bowl MVP: Bart Starr, Green Bay, QB
1969 - 25 members of US aircraft carrier Enterprise die during maneuvers
1969 - Soyuz 4 launched; rendezvous with Soyuz 5 two days later

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 258

83 BC - Mark Antony [Marcus Antonius], Rome, Roman Politician and General (Battle of Actium) (d. 30 BC)
1131 - King Valdemar I of Denmark (d. 1182)
1451 - Franchinus Gaffurius, composer
1467 - Henry van Stolberg & Wernigerode, German gov/viceroy of Frisia
1477 - Hermann of Wied, German Catholic archbishop (d. 1552)
1507 - Catherine of Habsburg, Infanta of Spain and queen of Portugal (d. 1578)
1551 - Alberico Gentili, Italian jurist (d. 1608)
Roman Politician and General Mark AntonyRoman Politician and General Mark Antony (83 BC) 1566 - Angelo Notari, composer
1592 - Sjihab al-Din Sultan Choerram Sjah Djahan, leader of India
1615 - John Biddle, English minister (Unitarian)
1618 - Jan Six, Dutch mayor of Amsterdam
1655 - Angelo Predieri, composer
1664 - Simon van Slingelandt, Dutch grand pensionary (1727-36)
1684 - Jean-Baptiste Vanloo, French painter
1684 - Johann Matthias Hase, German scientist (d. 1742)
1702 - Nakamikado Emperor of Japan (d. 1737)
1705 - Jean-Baptiste C Bouvet de Lozier/Lozier-Bouvet, governor (Reunion Is)
1722 - Friedrich Gottlob Fleischer, composer
1730 - William Whipple, merchant/judge (Declaration of Independence signer)
US Defector General Benedict ArnoldUS Defector General Benedict Arnold (1741) 1741 - Benedict Arnold, Norwich Connecticut, US general turned traitor (American Revolutionary War)
1751 - Corona Elizabeth Wilhelmine Schroter, composer
1780 - Francois-Joseph Dizi, composer
1791 - Calvin Phillips, became shortest known adult male (67 cm; 2' 2")
1792 - Christian Julius De Meza, Danish general (d. 1865)
1793 - John C. Clark, American politician (d. 1852)
1798 - Isaac da Costa, Dutch writer/lawyer
1798 - Johan R Thorbecke, Premier of Netherlands (Lib-1849..72)
1800 - Ludwig Alois Ferdinand Köchel, Austrian musicologist (d. 1877)
1804 - John Park, composer
1806 - Matthew Fontaine Maury, Naval Commander (Confederacy)
1806 - Sir Charles Hotham, Governor of Victoria (d. 1855)
1812 - Carl Gradener, composer
1814 - Johannes Josephus Viotta, composer
1817 - Harmen S Sytstra, Dutch poet/editor (Iduna)
1818 - Zacharias Topelius, Finnish historical novelist (Surgeon's Stories)
1819 - Fabio Campana, composer
1819 - Frederick Steele, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1868
1822 - Nicholas Mori, composer
1824 - Vladimir Stasov, Russian art and music critic (d. 1906)
1831 - John Bullock Clark Jr, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1903
1834 - William Cleaver Francis Robinson, composer
1836 - [Hugh] Judson Kilpatrick, Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), died in 1881
1836 - Henri Fantin-Latour, French painter (d. 1904)
1839 - Emil Bohn, composer
1841 - Berthe M P Morisot, French painter/aquarellist
1844 - Clara Kathleen Rogers, composer
1845 - Henry C K Petty-Fitzmaurice 5th marquess of Landsdowne/gov-gen Canada
1850 - Jean de Reszke, [Jan Mieczyslaw], Polish tenor
1850 - Pierre Loti, French writer (d. 1923)
1851 - Theophile EA de Bock, Dutch painter/etcher/drawer
1856 - J. F. Archibald, Australian journalist and publisher (d. 1919)
1857 - Alice Pike Barney, American painter
1861 - Wilhelm von Polenz, German writer (Der Pfarrer von Breitendorf)
1863 - Pieter Oosterlee, Dutch educator
1868 - Catharina A M de Savornin Lohman, Dutch author (Belief)
1870 - Sir George Pearce, Australian politician (d. 1952)
1871 - Pauline Beersmans, [PLJM van Cuyck], Flemish actress (Hofslachter)
1874 - Thornton Waldo Burgess, author (Peter Rabbit)
1875 - Albert Schweitzer, doctor/humanitarian/organist (Nobel 1954)
1878 - Victor A D Segalen, [Max Anely], French writer
1882 - Hendrik W van Loon, Netherland, commentator/writer (Story of America)
1886 - Hugh Lofting, England, writer & illustrator (Dr Dolittle)
1889 - Vincenzo Davico, composer
1892 - Hal Roach, early film director/producer (1 Million BC)
1892 - Martin Niemöller, clergyman (German Protestant); imprisoned by Hitler
1895 - George Richard Samways, children's writer
1896 - John dos Passos, novelist (1919, Big Money, 42nd Parallel)
1897 - Hasso von Manteuffel, German general and politician (d. 1978)
1898 - Helen Flint, Chicago, actress (Sea Devils, Married Before Breakfast)
1899 - Fritz Bayerlein, German lt-general (WW I, Poland, Libya, St-Lo)
1899 - Carlos Romulo, Filipino diplomat and author (d. 1985)
1901 - Bebe Daniels, Scotland, actress (42nd Street, Lonesome Luke)
1901 - Carlos P Romulo, Philippine general/diplomat/jurist
1902 - Alfred Tarski, Warsaw, mathematician/logician
1902 - F C Terborgh, [Reijnier Flaes], Dutch writer (De Turkenoorlog)
1903 - Veronica Turleigh, County Donegal Ireland, actress (Promoter)
1904 - Cecil Beaton, England, royal family photographer
1904 - Emily Hahn, American writer (d. 1997)
1905 - Takeo Fukuda, 67th Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1995)
1906 - Walter Knape, composer
1906 - William Bendix, NYC, actor (Lifeboat, Babe Ruth Story, Life of Riley)
1907 - Derek Richter, British neuro chemist (Aspects of learning & memory)
1907 - Sophie Redmond, Suriname's 1st female physician
1907 - Georges-Émile Lapalme, Quebec politician (d. 1985)
1908 - Carl Esmond, Vienna Austria, actor (Address Unknown, Hitler)
1908 - Ruggiero de Rudolpho Columbo, US singer/actor (Miracle of Women)
1909 - Joseph Walton Losey, Wisconsin, director (Damned, Accident)
1910 - Renier van der Velden, composer
1911 - George Amadee Tremblay, composer
1911 - Helmut Degen, composer
1911 - Anatoly Rybakov, Russian writer (d. 1998)
1913 - Tillie Olsen, American writer (Tell Me a Riddle)
1914 - Harold Russell, actor (Best Years of Our Life)
1915 - Andre Frossard, Catholic columnist
1915 - Mark Goodson, American game show producer (d. 1992)
1916 - John Oliver Killens, novelist
1919 - Andy Rooney, Albany NY, CBS news correspondent (60 Minutes)
1919 - Giulio Andreotti, 7 x premier (Italy), (d. 2013)
1920 - Bertus de Harder, Dutch soccer star (Bordeaux)
1920 - Donald Beard, cricketer (NZ pace bowler in the 1950's)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 10 of 10

1236 - English King Henry III marries Eleonora of Provence
1914 - Danish "Out of Africa" author Karen Blixen (28), pen name Isak Dinesen marries her 2nd cousin Baron Hans von Blixen-Finecke
Author John SteinbeckAuthor John Steinbeck (1930) 1930 - Author John Steinbeck (27) weds Carol Henning in Los Angeles, California
1954 - NY Yankee Joe DiMaggio weds actress Marilyn Monroe (27) in her 2nd marraige at San Francisco City Hall
1958 - Activist Malcolm X marries fellow activist Betty Shabazz in Lansing, Michigan
1974 - US Senator Bill Bradley (30) weds professor Ernestine Schlant
1980 - Actor Samuel L. Jackson (31) weds sports channel producer LaTanya Richardson (30)
2006 - Rapper Eminem marries Kimberly Anne Scott for the 2nd time
2011 - "Buffy the Vampire Slayer" actor James Marsters (48) weds longtime girlfriend Patricia Rahman in Los Angeles
Rock Bassist/Vocalist George Roger WatersRock Bassist/Vocalist George Roger Waters (2012) 2012 - Pink Floyd vocalist George Roger Waters (68) weds filmmaker Laurie Durning

Famous Divorces

Divorces 1 - 2 of 2

1994 - Kathleen Kinmont files for divorce from Lorenzo Lamas
2010 - "Easy Rider" director and actor Dennis Hopper (73) divorces his fifth wife Victoria Duffy due to irreconcilable differences and out-of-control spending

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 135

973 - Ekkehard I, monk of St Gallen (Vita Waltharii manu fortis), dies
1163 - Ladislaus I Arpad, king of Hungary (1162-63), dies
1236 - Sava [Rastko], son of Serbia's king/saint, dies at 64
1331 - Odoric, Italian explorer (b. 1286)
1623 - Paolo Sarpi, Italian church historian/politician, dies at 70
1640 - Thomas Coventry, 1st Baron Coventry, English lawyer and judge (b. 1578)
1648 - Casparus Barleaus, Flemish theologist/poet (Muiderkring), dies at 63
1676 - Pier Francesco Cavalli, Italian (opera)composer, dies at 73
1679 - Jacques de Billy, French mathematician (b. 1602)
1701 - Tokugawa Mitsukuni, Japanese warlord (b. 1628)
1742 - Edmond Halley, English scientist (b. 1656)
1766 - Frederik V, king of Denmark/Norway (1746-66), dies at 42
1786 - Meshech Weare, Governor of New Hampshire (b. 1713)
1786 - Michael Arne, English composer (b. 1740 or 1741)
1788 - François Joseph Paul, marquis de Grasetilly, comte de Grasse, French admiral (b. 1722)
1802 - Marie Allard, French ballerina, dies at 59
1817 - Pierre-Alexandre Monsigny, composer, dies at 87
1819 - Peter Pindar, English satirist (b. 1738)
1822 - Franz Innocenz Joseph Kobell, German landscape painter, dies at 72
1825 - George Dance the Younger, English architect (b. 1741)
1830 - Johann G Repsold, German instrument maker, dies at 59
1833 - Seraphim of Sarov, Russian Orthodox saint (b. 1759)
1847 - Gov Bent, 5 others in US occupation, killed by revolt in New Mexico
1850 - Anthony van Hoboken, Rotterdam merchant/ship owner, dies at 93
1867 - Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres, French painter (b. 1780)
1868 - Heinrich Schenker, Austrian musicologist (Ursatz), dies at 66
1887 - Friedrich von Amerling, Austrian painter, dies at 83
1887 - Peter "Peerke" Donders, missionary (Father of Melaatsen), dies at 77
1888 - Stephen Heller, composer, dies at 74
1889 - Ema Puksec, Croatian singer (b. 1834)
1890 - Francesco D'Arcais, composer, dies at 59
1892 - Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence, British prince (b. 1864)
Author and Mathematician Lewis CarrollAuthor and Mathematician Lewis Carroll (1898) 1898 - Lewis Carroll, writer (Alice in Wonderland), dies at 65
1901 - Charles Hermite, French mathematician (e is transcendent), dies at 78
1901 - Mandell Creighton, English bishop/historian, dies at 57
1901 - Victor Balaguer, Catalaans historian/politician/author, dies at 76
1902 - Cato M Guldberg, Norwegian mathematician, dies at 65
1905 - Ernst Abbe, German physicist (Carl Zeiss Optics Company), dies at 64
1907 - Karl von Perfall, composer, dies at 82
1907 - Sir James Fergusson, British politician, and governor of South Australia, New Zealand and Bombay (b. 1832)
1908 - Holger Drachmann, writer, dies
1909 - Sinovi P Rozhestvensky, Russian admiral, dies at 60
1912 - Otto Liebmann, German philosopher (Kant & Epigones), dies at 71
1915 - Richard Meux Benson, founder of Anglican religious order (b. 1824)
1916 - Otto Ammon, German anthropologist/sociologist, dies at 73
1920 - John Francis Dodge, American automobile pioneer (b. 1864)
1923 - Zübeyde Hanım, Mother of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (b. 1857)
1924 - Arne Garborg, Norwegian playwright (Mannfolk), dies at 72
1925 - Willem Devout, self employed (V & Dreesmann), dies
1929 - Cornelis W Lely, Dutch Governor of Suriname (1902-05), dies at 74
1931 - William Ernst Johnson, British mathematician, dies
1937 - Jaishankar Prasad, Hindi poet, dramatist and novelist (b. 1889)
1942 - Porfirio Barba-Jacob, Colombian writer (b. 1883)
1943 - Adolf Sandberger, composer, dies at 78
1944 - Mohammed Emin Yurdakul, Turkish poet, dies at about 74
1945 - Sandor Vandor, composer, dies at 43
1948 - Anna "Ans" van Dike, Dutch Jewish Nazi-collaborator, executed at 42
1949 - Joaquín Turina, Spanish pianist/conductor/composer (Rima), dies at 66
1952 - Artur Kapp, Estonian composer (b. 1878)
1956 - Siegfried F Nadel, Aust/Brit anthropologist (Nuba), dies at 52
1957 - Humphrey Bogart, actor (Casablanca, Caine Mutiny), dies at 57
1961 - Ernest Thesiger, actor (Brass Monkey, Ghoul), dies at 81
1961 - Henry Geehl, composer, dies at 79
1963 - Gustav Regler, writer, dies at 64
1965 - Jeanette MacDonald, soprano (When I'm Calling You), dies at 63
1966 - Sergei Korolev, Russian space station constructor, dies
1966 - Bill Carr, American athlete (b. 1909)
1967 - Renato Lunelli, composer, dies at 71
1968 - Dorothea Mackellar, Australian poet (My Country) (b. 1885)
1970 - John J "Johnny" Murphy, US baseball pitcher (NY Yankees), dies at 61
1970 - William Feller, Croatian mathematician (b. 1906)
1971 - Ethel Glenn Hier, composer, dies at 82
1972 - Frederik IX, [Christiaan FFMKW], king of Denmark (1947-72), dies at 72
1974 - Josef Smrkovsky, Czechoslovakia parliament chairman, dies at 62
1976 - Margaret Leighton, actress (Best Man, Go-Between), dies at 53
1976 - Abdul Razak bin Hussain, premier of Malaysia (1970-77), dies at 53
1977 - Anthony Eden, British premier (1955-57), dies at 79
1977 - Peter Finch, actor (Network, Nun's Story, Judith), dies at 60
1977 - Anaïs Nin, French author (b. 1903)
1978 - Blossom Rock, actress (Grandmamma-Addams Family), dies at 81
1978 - Robert Heger, composer, dies at 91
1978 - Harold Abrahams, British athlete (b. 1899)
1978 - Kurt Gödel, Austrian mathematician (b. 1906)
1979 - Thomas DeSimone, gangster associate of the Lucchese crime family (b. 1950)
1980 - Robert Ardrey, American author (b. 1908)
1981 - John O'Grady, Australian writer (Nino Culotta) (b. 1907)
1984 - Mary Zeldenrust-Noordanus, Dutch sexuologist (NVSH), dies at 55
1984 - Paul Ben Haim, composer, dies at 86
MacDonalds Entreprenuer Ray KrocMacDonalds Entreprenuer Ray Kroc (1984) 1984 - Ray Kroc, founder of McDonalds/owner San Diego Padres, dies at 81
1985 - Jetta Goudal, French actress (White Gold), dies at 86
1986 - Donna Reed, actress (Donna Reed Show, Dallas), dies of cancer at 64
1986 - Walter Leblanc, Belgian painter, dies at 53
1986 - Daniel Balavoine, French singer (b. 1952)
1987 - Douglas Sirk, director (Zu Neuen Ufern, Boefje), dies at 86
1988 - Georgy M Malenkov, PM of USSR (1953-55), dies at 86
1990 - David Arkin, actor (I Love You Alice B Toklas), dies
1990 - Mani Madhava Chakyar, Koodiyattam artist and Sanskrit scholar (b. 1899)
1991 - Sallah Kharaf, [Abu Iyad], co-founder (Al-Fatah), assassinated
1991 - Gordon Bryant, Australian politician (b. 1914)
1992 - Hari Rhodes, actor (Earth II, Detroit 9000), dies at 59

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