This Day in History for 16th January

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 168

27 BC - The title Augustus is bestowed upon Gaius Julius Caesar Octavian by the Roman Senate.
550 - Gothic War (535-552): The Ostrogoths, under King Totila, conquer Rome after a long siege, by bribing the Isaurian garrison.
1120 - The Council of Nablus is held, establishing the earliest surviving written laws of the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem.
1219 - Floods in Northern Netherlands after storm, 1,000s killed
1362 - A great storm tide in the North Sea destroys the German island of Strand and the city of Rungholt.
1412 - The Medici family is appointed official banker of the Papacy.
1492 - The first grammar of a modern language, in the Spanish language, is presented to Queen Isabella.
1493 - Columbus leaves the new world and sets sail for Spain on his 1st trip
1531 - English Reformation parliament's 2nd sitting
Explorer of the New World Christopher ColumbusExplorer of the New World Christopher Columbus 1547 - Ivan IV the Terrible (17) crowns himself 1st tsar of Moscow
1556 - Emperor Karel appoints his son Philip II, king of Spain
1572 - Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk is tried for treason for his part in the Ridolfi plot to restore Catholicism in England.
1581 - English parliament passes laws against Catholicism
1756 - England & Prussia sign Treaty of Westminster
1761 - The British capture Pondicherry, India from the French.
1765 - Charles Messier catalogs M41 (galactic cluster in Canis Major)
1776 - Continental Congress approves enlistment of free blacks
1777 - Vermont declares independence from NY
1780 - Battle at Cape St Vincent: admiral Rodney beats Spanish fleet
1793 - French King Louis XVI sentenced to death by the National Convention during the French Revolution
1795 - French army under Pichegru occupies Utrecht Neth
1809 - Peninsular War: The British defeat the French at the Battle of Corunna
1819 - Godert baron van der de Capellen becomes governor of Dutch-Indies
Naturalist Charles DarwinNaturalist Charles Darwin 1832 - Charles Darwin lands at San Tiago, Cape Verde
1847 - John C. Fremont is appointed Governor of the new California Territory.
1863 - -Aug 23rd) Cruise of CSS Florida
1864 - Heavy fighting takes place near Dandridge, Tennessee
1865 - Drunken sailor attacks munitions at Ft Fisher NC, 40 die
1865 - Gen Wm Sherman issues Field Order #15 (land for blacks)
1865 - SF Dramatic Chronicle started
1868 - Refrigerator car patented by William Davis, a fish dealer in Detroit
1870 - Virginia becomes 8th state readmitted to US after Civil War
1871 - Jefferson Long of Georgia sworn in as 2nd black congressman
1877 - Color organ (for light shows) patented, by Bainbridge Bishop
1878 - Captain Burago with a squadron of Russian Imperial army dragoons liberates Plovdiv from Ottoman rule.
1879 - January record 13" of snow falls in NYC (broken Jan 7, 1996)
1883 - Pendleton Act creates basis of US Civil Service system
1883 - Quebec Rugby Football Union forms
1887 - Cliff House damaged when schooner "Parallel"'s powder cargo explodes
1889 - 128°F (53°C), Cloncurry, Queensland (Australian record)
1896 - Defeat of Cymru Fydd at South Wales Liberal Federation AGM, Newport, Monmouthshire.
Philosopher, Psychologist, Writer John DeweyPhilosopher, Psychologist, Writer John Dewey 1897 - John Dewey's essay "My Pedagogic Creed" appears in School Journal
1900 - The United States Senate accepts the Anglo-German treaty of 1899 in which the United Kingdom renounces its claims to the Samoan islands.
1900 - The US gains control over Tutuila in Samoa and several smaller Pacific islands
1905 - Baseball outfielder Frank Huelsman completes eighth transaction in 8 months
1905 - Stanley Cup: Ottawa Silver 7 sweep Dawson City (Yukon) in 2 games Ottawa Silver 7 beats Dawson City (Yukon) 23-2 for Stanley Cup, this is most lopsided playoff game, Frank McGee scores 14 goals
1906 - -Apr 13] Conference of Algeciras (about Morocco)
1908 - Pinnacles National Monument, California established
1909 - British explorers David, Mawson & Mackay reach south magnetic pole as part of the Nimrod Expedition
1911 - Pandora becomes 1st 2-man sailboat to round Cape Horn west to east
1913 - British House of Commons accepts Home-Rule for Ireland
1914 - Writer Maksim Gorki returns to Russia
1915 - Congress authorizes $1 & $50 Panama-Pacific Intl Expo gold coin
1917 - The Greek Government accepts reparations for Allied losses sustained in recent actions in Greece
1919 - Prohibition ratified by 3/4 of states; Nebraska is 36th
1919 - 18th Amendment ratified in the US to bring in prohibition; repealed in 1933
1920 - 1st assembly of the League of Nations (Paris)
1920 - Georgia declares independence
1925 - Gen M Froense replaces Trotsky as People's Commissioner of Defense
Russian Revolutionary Leon TrotskyRussian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky 1925 - Leon Trotsky dismissed as CEO of Russian Revolution Military Council
1931 - Bradman scores 223 Australia v WI, 297 mins, 26 fours
1933 - Bert Oldfield flattened by Larwood delivery in Adelaide Test
1936 - 1st photo finish camera installed at Hialeah Race track in Hialeah Fla
1936 - Screen Actors Guild incorporates with King Vidor as president
1936 - Spanish socialists/communists/anarchists form Unidad Popular
1938 - 1st jazz concert was held at Carnegie Hall (Benny Goodman)
1941 - US vice admiral Bellinger warns of an assault on Pearl Harbor
Cricket Legend Donald BradmanCricket Legend Donald Bradman 1941 - War Dept forms 1st Army Air Corps squadron for black cadets
1942 - William Knudsen becomes 1st civilian appointed a general in US army
1943 - -60°F (-51°C), Island Park Dam, Idaho (state record)
1943 - 1st US air raid on Ambon
1943 - German 2nd SS-Pantzer division evacuates Charkow
1943 - Red Army recaptures Pitomnik airport at Stalingrad
1944 - Gen Eisenhower took command of Allied Invasion Force in London
1945 - Scottish 52nd land division/1st Commando brigade-assault at Heinsberg
1945 - US 1st & 3rd army meet at Houffalise
1947 - Vincent Aurial elected president of France
1948 - 35 Haganah members are ambushed & killed in Gush Etzyon
1949 - "Rape of Lucretia" closes at Ziegfeld Theater NYC after 23 perfs
1949 - KNBH (now KNBC) TV channel 4 in Los Angeles, CA (NBC) 1st broadcast
1949 - WTOP (now WUSA) TV channel 9 in Washington, DC (CBS) 1st broadcast
1950 - Belgium, Luxembourg & Netherlands recognize Israel
1951 - Viet Minh offensive against Hanoi
1951 - World's largest gas pipeline opens (Brownsville Tx, to 134th St, NYC)
1952 - New Dutch bible translation finished
MLB Legend Stan MusialMLB Legend Stan Musial 1952 - US Standard Board clears Stan Musial to get an $85,000 salary
1953 - 27th Australian Womens Tennis: Maureen Connolly beat J Sampson (6-3 6-2)
1953 - 41st Australian Mens Tennis: Ken Rosewall beats Mervyn Rose (6-0 6-3 6-4)
1953 - Egyptian Premier Gen Naguib disbands all political parties
1953 - KXLY TV channel 4 in Spokane, WA (ABC/CBS) begins broadcasting
1954 - "South Pacific" closes at Majestic Theater NYC after 1928 performances
1955 - Jackie Pung wins LPGA Sea Island Golf Open
Tennis Player and Eight-Time Major Champion Ken RosewallTennis Player and Eight-Time Major Champion Ken Rosewall 1955 - NFL Pro Bowl: West beats East 26-19
1956 - Egyptian pres Nasser pledges to reconquer Palestine
1957 - 3 B-52s leave California for 1st non-stop round world flights
1957 - Cavern Club opens on Matthews Street in Liverpool, England, home of The Beatles' 1st appearance
1958 - William Gibson's "Two for the Seesaw," premieres in NYC
1961 - "Conquering Hero" opens at ANTA Theater NYC for 8 performances
1961 - Russian espionage ring detected in Great Britain
1962 - Shooting begins on "Dr No"

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 220

1245 - Edmund Crouchback, son of Henry III of England (d. 1296)
1409 - René I of Naples (d. 1480)
1477 - Johannes Schöner, German astronomer and cartographer (d. 1547)
1501 - Anthony Denny, confidant of King Henry VIII of England (d. 1559)
1587 - Alexander Adriaenssen, Flemish painter
1616 - François de Vendôme, duc de Beaufort, French soldier (d. 1669)
1626 - Lucas Achtschellinck, Flemish painter (d. 1699)
1634 - Dorthe Engelbrechtsdatter, Norwegian poet (d. 1716)
1672 - Francesco Mancini, composer
1675 - Louis de Rouvroy, duc de Saint-Simon, French writer (d. 1755)
1697 - Richard Savage, English poet
1728 - Niccolo Piccinni, Italian composer (Buona Figliuola)
1749 - Vittorio A Alfieri, Italian count/poet (Maria Stuarda)
1757 - Samuel McIntire, woodcarver/architect (architect of Salem)
1804 - Karl August Krebs, composer
1807 - Charles Henry Davis, Rear Admiral (Union Navy), died in 1877
1815 - Adolph Trube, composer
1815 - Henry Wagner "Old Brains" Halleck, Maj-General (Union Army)
1834 - Albert Lindley Lee, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1907
1836 - King Francis II of the Two Sicilies (d. 1894)
1837 - James Phillip Simms, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1887
1838 - Franz Brentano, German philosopher and psychologist (d. 1917)
1844 - Ismail Qemali, Albanian nationalist (d. 1919)
Industrialist André MichelinIndustrialist André Michelin (1853) 1853 - Andre Michelin, France, industrialist/tire manufacturer (Michelin)
1853 - Johnston Forbes-Robertson, English actor/theater director (Kathleen)
1853 - Gen Sir Ian Hamilton, British military commander (d. 1947)
1853 - Vladimir Sergeyevich Solovyov, Russian philosopher (d. 1900)
1864 - Frank Bacon, actor/author (Lightnin)
1868 - Cyril Metodej Hrazdira, composer
1870 - Wilhelm Normann, German chemist (hardening of oils)
1872 - Edward G Craig, actor/director (On the art of theatre)
1872 - Henri-Paul Busser, composer
1873 - Boyd Alexander, English explorer
1874 - Robert Service, England, Canadian poet (Cremation of Sam McGee)
1875 - Leonor Michaelis, German enzyme kinetic theorist (d. 1947)
1878 - Harry Carey [Henry DeWitt Carey II], Bronx New York, American actor (Aces Wild, Border Cafe, Air Force)
1878 - Robert Garbe, German poet (Gorniek)
1885 - Wladyslaw Raczkiewicz, president of Poland (1939-40)
1885 - Zhou Zuoren, Chinese writer (d. 1967)
1887 - John Hamilton, Penn, actor (Perry White-Superman)
1888 - Osip Brik, Russian writer (d. 1945)
1890 - Karl Freund, Czech/Austrian cameraman/director
1890 - Lloyd Bacon, San Jose CA, actor (Charlie Chaplin)
1893 - Daisy Kennedy, Australian violinist (d. 1981)
1894 - Guy Chamberlin, early NFL end/coach (Canton, Frankford, Cards)
1894 - Irving Mills, American jazz music publisher (d. 1985)
1895 - Nat Schachner, American author (d. 1955)
1896 - Ruth Rose, American screenwriter (d. 1978)
1897 - Carlos Pellicer, Mexican poet (d. 1977)
1898 - Margaret Booth, American film editor (d. 2002)
1898 - Irving Rapper, UK-US film director (d. 1999)
Cuban President and Dictator Fulgencio BatistaCuban President and Dictator Fulgencio Batista (1901) 1901 - Fulgencio Batista, president/dictator of Cuba (1933-44, 1952-59)
1901 - Frank Zamboni, American inventor (d. 1988)
1902 - Eric Liddell, China, English 400m runner (Olympic-gold-1924)
1902 - Evelyn Levine, composer
1904 - Max Vredenburg, composer
1905 - Ernesto Halffter, Spanish composer and conductor
1906 - Clement Greenberg, art critic
1906 - Diana Winyard, London, actress (Cavalcade)
1907 - Alexander Knox, Canada, actor (Gorky Park, 2 of a Kind)
1907 - Phillip Humphrey Vellacott, classicist
1907 - Paul Nitze, American government official (d. 2004)
1908 - Ethel Merman, stage & screen actress (Anything Goes, Call Me Madam)
1908 - Günther Prien, German World War II submarine captain (d. 1941)
1910 - David McCampbell, US pilot/capt (WW II-Pacific-downed 34 Jap planes)
1911 - Gilbert Gadoffre, French scholar
1911 - Jay Hanna "Dizzy" Dean, HOF baseball pitcher (St Louis Cardinals)
1911 - Roger Lapébie, French cyclist (d. 1996)
1912 - Franz Tumler, Austria, author/novelist (Cloak, Aufruf)
1914 - Roger Aubert, Belgium, church historian (Le Pontificat de Pie IX)
1914 - Roger Wagner, American choral musician (d. 1992)
1916 - Frederick Stewart, British geologist
1917 - Buddy Lester, Chicago Ill, actor (Nick-Phil Silvers Show)
1917 - Carl Karcher, founded the Carl's Jr. hamburger chain (d. 2008)
1918 - Stirling Silliphant, screenwriter
1918 - Nel Benschop, Dutch poet (d. 2005)
1918 - Clem Jones, Lord Mayor of Brisbane, Australia (d. 2007)
1919 - Bob Boucher, Kent Ohio, orchestra leader (Music on Ice)
1920 - Elliot Reid, NYC, actor (Gentlemen Prefer Blondes), (d. 2013)
1921 - Francesco Scavullo, American photographer (d. 2004)
1922 - Ernesto Bonino, Italian singer (d. 2008)
1923 - Martin Stokken, Norway, nordic relay (Olympic-silver-1952)
1923 - Roy Lanham, rocker (Sons of the Pioneers)
1923 - Willem Aantjes, Dutch politicial leader (CDA)
1923 - Gene Feist, American stage actor and producer
1923 - Anthony Hecht, American poet (d. 2004)
1924 - Katy Jurado, Mexico, actress (High Noon, Trapeze, Barabbas, AKA Pablo)
1926 - John "Jack" Layden, local politician
1928 - Ezra Sims, composer
1928 - John William Fozard, aircraft designer
1928 - William Kennedy, US writer
1928 - Pilar Lorengar, Spanish soprano (d. 1996)
1929 - Allard Lowenstein, radical (Students for Democratic Action)
1929 - Francesco Scavullo, Staten Island NY, celebrity photographer
1929 - Tage Nielsen, composer
1930 - Norman Podhoretz, Brooklyn NY, author/editor (NY Post)
1930 - Clarence Ray Allen, American murderer (d. 2006)
1931 - Vladimir Skutina, writer playwright/journalist
1931 - Johannes Rau, German politician (d. 2006)
1932 - Dian Fossey, San Francisco, California, American zoologist (Gorillas in the Mist)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 5 of 5

1325 - Laure de Noves, beloved of Petrarch, marries Hugues de Sade
First Victim of Jack the Ripper Mary Ann NicholsFirst Victim of Jack the Ripper Mary Ann Nichols (1864) 1864 - White chapel murder victims Mary Ann Nichols (18) weds printer's machinist William Nichols
1865 - Confederate soldier during US Civil War Brigadier General John Pegram marries Hetty Cary
1954 - Painter Marcel Duchamp (66) weds Alexina Duchamp (48) in New York City
1999 - "General Hospital" actor Steve Burton (29) weds model Sheree Gustin (22) at a cliffside church in Dana Point, California

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 138

308 - Marcellus I, Catholic Pope (-308), dies
429 - Honoratius of Arles, bishop/saint, dies [or 430]
960 - Polyeuctus, Patriarch of Constantinople
1343 - Robert of Anjou, king (Naples), dies
1400 - John Holland, 1st Duke of Exeter, English politician (executed) (b. 1352)
1545 - George Spalatin, German reformer (b. 1484)
1547 - Johannes Schöner, German astronomer and cartographer (b. 1477)
1554 - Christiern Pedersen, Danish humanist (b. 1480)
1585 - Edward Clinton, 1st Earl of Lincoln, English admiral (b. 1512)
1595 - Murad III, sultan of Turkey (1574-95), dies
1659 - Charles Annibal Fabrot, French lawyer (b. 1580)
1703 - Matteo Coferati, composer, dies at 64
1710 - Emperor Higashiyama of Japan (b. 1675)
1711 - Joseph Vaz, Apostle of Ceylon (b. 1651)
1747 - Barthold Heinrich Brockes, German poet (b. 1680)
1748 - Arnold Drakenborch, Dutch classical scholar (b. 1684)
1750 - Ivan Trubetskoy, Russian field marshall (b. 1667)
1752 - Francis Blomefield, English topographer (b. 1705)
Historian Edward GibbonHistorian Edward Gibbon (1794) 1794 - Edward Gibbon, English historian (The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire), dies in London at 56
1809 - Sir John Moore, British General, at the Battle of Corunna (b. 1761)
1817 - Antonin Josef Alois Volanek, composer, dies at 55
1817 - Alexander J. Dallas, American statesman (b. 1759)
1834 - Jean Nicolas Pierre Hachette, French mathematician (b. 1769)
1838 - Aleksandr I Polezjajev, Russian poet (Sasjka), dies at 33 [OS]
1842 - Thomas Freanby, Norwegian landscape painter, dies
1849 - Wilhelm M L de Wette, German theologist, dies at 69
1856 - Thaddeus William Harris, American naturalist (b. 1795)
1864 - Anton Schindler, German violinist/biographer (Beethoven), dies at 68
1865 - Edmond François Valentin About, French writer (b. 1828)
1879 - Octave Crémazie, French Canadian poet (b. 1827)
1886 - Amilcare Ponchielli, Italian composer (La Gioconda), dies at 51
1891 - Clement Philibert Leo Delibes, composer (Lakmé), dies at 54
1892 - Imakita Kosen, Zen teacher/abbot of Engagkuji monastery, dies
1893 - Johan Philip Koelman, painter/sculptor/architect, dies at 74
1898 - Charles Pelham Villiers, longest-serving MP in the British House of Commons (b. 1802)
Minister and US Senator Hiram R. RevelsMinister and US Senator Hiram R. Revels (1901) 1901 - Hiram R. Revels, dies at 73
1901 - Jules Barbier, French opera librettist (b. 1825)
1901 - Arnold Böcklin, Swiss painter (b. 1827)
1906 - Marshall Field, founder of Marshall Field and Company (b. 1834)
1907 - Alfred Shaw, cricketer (seven Tests for England 1877-82), dies
1912 - Georg Heym, writer, dies at 24
1916 - Arnold Aletrino, Dut physician-criminologist (From Death), dies at 57
1917 - George Dewey, U.S. admiral (b. 1837)
1919 - Jaroslav Jeremias, composer, dies at 19
1919 - Francisco de Paula Rodrigues Alves, President of Brazil (b. 1848)
1920 - Reginald De Koven, composer, dies at 60
1924 - Winifred Cochrane, Countess of Dundonald, philanthropist (b. 1859)
1934 - Annie Patterson, composer, dies at 65
1935 - Richard Wetz, composer, dies at 59
1935 - Ma Barker, American criminal (b. 1871)
1936 - Albert Fish, American serial killer, executed at 65
1942 - Carole Lombard, American actress (To Be or Not to Be), dies of plane crash at 33
1943 - Franz Courtens, Flemish painter (Sunny Lane), dies at 88
1945 - Dennis Donnini, Brit rifleman (Victoria Cross), dies in battle at 19
1946 - Johanna HC Albregt, actress/wife of Henri Dons (Paradise), dies at 71
1954 - Michail M Prishvin, Russian writer, dies
1955 - Jonkheer Reneke de Marees van Swinderen, Dutch min (1908-13), dies
1955 - Reneke de Marees van Swinderen, Dutch minister (1908-13), dies at 94
1957 - Alexander Cambridge, gov-gen (S Afr 1923-31/Canada 1940-5), dies at 82
1957 - Arturo Toscanini, Italian US conductor (NBC), dies in NYC at 89
1961 - Janos Viski, composer, dies at 54
1962 - Emanuel Stickelberger, Swiss writer (Holbein in England), dies at 77
1962 - Ivan Meštrović, Croatian sculptor (b. 1883)
1962 - Frank Hurley, Australian photographer (b. 1885)
1963 - Gilardo Gilardi, composer, dies at 73
1963 - Ike Quebec, American tenor-saxophone player (b. 1918)
1966 - Margarete Susman, writer, dies at 91
1967 - Dirk Vansina, Flemish playwright (Sage of Kai-Roi), dies at 72
1967 - Robert J Van De Graaff, US nuclear physicist, dies at 65
1968 - Robert R "Bob" Jones, founder (Bob Jones University), dies at 84
1969 - Jan Palach, protesting Soviet invasion of Czech, self immolates at 20
1969 - Vernon Duke, composer, dies at 65
1970 - Armijn Pane, Indonesian writer (Djinak-djinak merpati), dies at 61
1971 - Kermit Maynard, cowboy actor (Saturday Roundup), dies at 68
1971 - Philippe Thys, Belgian cyclist (b. 1890)
1972 - David Seville, singer (Alvin & Chipmunks), dies at 52
1972 - Teller Ammons, American politician (b. 1895)
1973 - Ray Barrett, sportscaster (Gillette Summer Sports Reel), dies at 65
1979 - Fred Elizalde, composer, dies at 71
Actor Ted CassidyActor Ted Cassidy (1979) 1979 - Ted Cassidy, actor (Lurch-Addams Family), dies at 46
1979 - August Heissmeyer, German SS officer (b. 1897)
1980 - Anna van Wageningen-Salomons, Dut author (Unspoilt Dream), dies at 94
1981 - Bernard Lee, English actor (Fallen Idol, Dr No), dies at 73
1982 - Red Smith, American sports columnist (b. 1905)
1985 - Robert Fitzgerald, U.S. poet and translator (b. 1910)
1986 - Herbert W. Armstrong, American evangelist, author, and publisher (b. 1892)
1987 - Earl Wilson, Bdwy columnist (Midnight Earl), dies in Yonkers at 79
1987 - Ilse Langen, writer, dies at 87
1987 - Joyce Jameson, comedienne (Spike Jones Show), dies at 54
1987 - Bertram Wainer, Australian pro-abortion campaigner (b. 1928)
1988 - Andrija Artuković, Croatian war criminal (b. 1899)
1989 - Pierre Boileau, screenwriter (Vertigo), dies at 82
1989 - Romo Vincent, actor (Naked Jungle), dies
1989 - Trey Wilson, actor (Bull Durham, Twins, Raising Arizona), dies
1992 - Roselle Novelle, silent film actress, dies at 95
1993 - Florence Desmond, [Dawson], actress (Sally in Our Alley), dies at 87
1993 - Glenn Corbett, US actor (Shenandoah, Chisum, Midway), dies at 63
1993 - Sathasivam Krishnakumar, Sri Lanka commander, commits suicide
1993 - Jón Páll Sigmarsson, Icelandic strength athlete (b. 1960)
1994 - Harry Nilsson, singer/Songwriter, dies at 52

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