This Day in History for 16th January

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 166

27 BC - The title Augustus is bestowed upon Gaius Julius Caesar Octavian by the Roman Senate.
550 - Gothic War (535-552): The Ostrogoths, under King Totila, conquer Rome after a long siege, by bribing the Isaurian garrison.
1120 - The Council of Nablus is held, establishing the earliest surviving written laws of the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem.
1219 - Floods in Northern Netherlands after storm, 1,000s killed
1362 - A great storm tide in the North Sea destroys the German island of Strand and the city of Rungholt.
1412 - The Medici family is appointed official banker of the Papacy.
1492 - The first grammar of a modern language, in the Spanish language, is presented to Queen Isabella.
1493 - Columbus leaves the new world and sets sail for Spain on his 1st trip
1531 - English Reformation parliament's 2nd sitting
Explorer of the New World Christopher ColumbusExplorer of the New World Christopher Columbus 1547 - Ivan IV the Terrible (17) crowns himself 1st tsar of Moscow
1556 - Emperor Karel appoints his son Philip II, king of Spain
1572 - Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk is tried for treason for his part in the Ridolfi plot to restore Catholicism in England.
1581 - English parliament passes laws against Catholicism
1756 - England & Prussia sign Treaty of Westminster
1761 - The British capture Pondicherry, India from the French.
1765 - Charles Messier catalogs M41 (galactic cluster in Canis Major)
1776 - Continental Congress approves enlistment of free blacks
1777 - Vermont declares independence from NY
1780 - Battle at Cape St Vincent: admiral Rodney beats Spanish fleet
1795 - French army under Pichegru occupies Utrecht Neth
1809 - Peninsular War: The British defeat the French at the Battle of Corunna
1819 - Godert baron van der de Capellen becomes governor of Dutch-Indies
Naturalist Charles DarwinNaturalist Charles Darwin 1832 - Charles Darwin lands at San Tiago, Cape Verde
1847 - John C. Fremont is appointed Governor of the new California Territory.
1863 - -Aug 23rd) Cruise of CSS Florida
1864 - Heavy fighting takes place near Dandridge, Tennessee
1865 - Drunken sailor attacks munitions at Ft Fisher NC, 40 die
1865 - Gen Wm Sherman issues Field Order #15 (land for blacks)
1865 - SF Dramatic Chronicle started
1868 - Refrigerator car patented by William Davis, a fish dealer in Detroit
1870 - Virginia becomes 8th state readmitted to US after Civil War
1871 - Jefferson Long of Georgia sworn in as 2nd black congressman
1877 - Color organ (for light shows) patented, by Bainbridge Bishop
1878 - Captain Burago with a squadron of Russian Imperial army dragoons liberates Plovdiv from Ottoman rule.
1879 - January record 13" of snow falls in NYC (broken Jan 7, 1996)
1883 - Pendleton Act creates basis of US Civil Service system
1883 - Quebec Rugby Football Union forms
1887 - Cliff House damaged when schooner "Parallel"'s powder cargo explodes
1889 - 128°F (53°C), Cloncurry, Queensland (Australian record)
1896 - Defeat of Cymru Fydd at South Wales Liberal Federation AGM, Newport, Monmouthshire.
Philosopher, Psychologist, Writer John DeweyPhilosopher, Psychologist, Writer John Dewey 1897 - John Dewey's essay "My Pedagogic Creed" appears in School Journal
1900 - The United States Senate accepts the Anglo-German treaty of 1899 in which the United Kingdom renounces its claims to the Samoan islands.
1900 - The US gains control over Tutuila in Samoa and several smaller Pacific islands
1905 - Baseball outfielder Frank Huelsman completes eighth transaction in 8 months
1905 - Stanley Cup: Ottawa Silver 7 sweep Dawson City (Yukon) in 2 games Ottawa Silver 7 beats Dawson City (Yukon) 23-2 for Stanley Cup, this is most lopsided playoff game, Frank McGee scores 14 goals
1906 - -Apr 13] Conference of Algeciras (about Morocco)
1908 - Pinnacles National Monument, California established
1909 - British explorers David, Mawson & Mackay reach south magnetic pole as part of the Nimrod Expedition
1911 - Pandora becomes 1st 2-man sailboat to round Cape Horn west to east
1913 - British House of Commons accepts Home-Rule for Ireland
1914 - Writer Maksim Gorki returns to Russia
1915 - Congress authorizes $1 & $50 Panama-Pacific Intl Expo gold coin
1919 - Prohibition ratified by 3/4 of states; Nebraska is 36th
1919 - 18th Amendment ratified in the US to bring in prohibition; repealed in 1933
1920 - 1st assembly of League of Nations (Paris)
1920 - Georgia declares independence
1925 - Gen M Froense replaces Trotsky as People's Commissioner of Defense
Russian Revolutionary Leon TrotskyRussian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky 1925 - Leon Trotsky dismissed as CEO of Russian Revolution Military Council
1931 - Bradman scores 223 Australia v WI, 297 mins, 26 fours
1933 - Bert Oldfield flattened by Larwood delivery in Adelaide Test
1936 - 1st photo finish camera installed at Hialeah Race track in Hialeah Fla
1936 - Screen Actors Guild incorporates with King Vidor as president
1936 - Spanish socialists/communists/anarchists form Unidad Popular
1938 - 1st jazz concert was held at Carnegie Hall (Benny Goodman)
1941 - US vice admiral Bellinger warns of an assault on Pearl Harbor
1941 - War Dept forms 1st Army Air Corps squadron for black cadets
1942 - William Knudsen becomes 1st civilian appointed a general in US army
1943 - -60°F (-51°C), Island Park Dam, Idaho (state record)
1943 - 1st US air raid on Ambon
1943 - German 2nd SS-Pantzer division evacuates Charkow
1943 - Red Army recaptures Pitomnik airport at Stalingrad
1944 - Gen Eisenhower took command of Allied Invasion Force in London
1945 - Scottish 52nd land division/1st Commando brigade-assault at Heinsberg
1945 - US 1st & 3rd army meet at Houffalise
1947 - Vincent Aurial elected president of France
1948 - 35 Haganah members are ambushed & killed in Gush Etzyon
1949 - "Rape of Lucretia" closes at Ziegfeld Theater NYC after 23 perfs
1949 - KNBH (now KNBC) TV channel 4 in Los Angeles, CA (NBC) 1st broadcast
1949 - WTOP (now WUSA) TV channel 9 in Washington, DC (CBS) 1st broadcast
1950 - Belgium, Luxembourg & Netherlands recognize Israel
1951 - Viet Minh offensive against Hanoi
1951 - World's largest gas pipeline opens (Brownsville Tx, to 134th St, NYC)
1952 - New Dutch bible translation finished
1952 - US Standard Board clears Stan Musial to get an $85,000 salary
1953 - 27th Australian Womens Tennis: Maureen Connolly beat J Sampson (6-3 6-2)
1953 - 41st Australian Mens Tennis: Ken Rosewall beats Mervyn Rose (6-0 6-3 6-4)
1953 - Egyptian Premier Gen Naguib disbands all political parties
1953 - KXLY TV channel 4 in Spokane, WA (ABC/CBS) begins broadcasting
1954 - "South Pacific" closes at Majestic Theater NYC after 1928 performances
1955 - Jackie Pung wins LPGA Sea Island Golf Open
1955 - NFL Pro Bowl: West beats East 26-19
1956 - Egyptian pres Nasser pledges to reconquer Palestine
1957 - 3 B-52s leave California for 1st non-stop round world flights
1957 - Cavern Club opens on Matthews Street in Liverpool, England, home of The Beatles' 1st appearance
1958 - William Gibson's "Two for the Seesaw," premieres in NYC
1961 - "Conquering Hero" opens at ANTA Theater NYC for 8 performances
1961 - Russian espionage ring detected in Great Britain
1962 - Shooting begins on "Dr No"
1962 - Suit accuses NYC Board of Education uses "racial quotas"
First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Nikita KhrushchevFirst Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Nikita Khrushchev 1963 - Khrushchev claims to have a 100-megaton nuclear bomb

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 220

1245 - Edmund Crouchback, son of Henry III of England (d. 1296)
1409 - René I of Naples (d. 1480)
1477 - Johannes Schöner, German astronomer and cartographer (d. 1547)
1501 - Anthony Denny, confidant of King Henry VIII of England (d. 1559)
1587 - Alexander Adriaenssen, Flemish painter
1616 - François de Vendôme, duc de Beaufort, French soldier (d. 1669)
1626 - Lucas Achtschellinck, Flemish painter (d. 1699)
1634 - Dorthe Engelbrechtsdatter, Norwegian poet (d. 1716)
1672 - Francesco Mancini, composer
1675 - Louis de Rouvroy, duc de Saint-Simon, French writer (d. 1755)
1697 - Richard Savage, English poet
1728 - Niccolo Piccinni, Italian composer (Buona Figliuola)
1749 - Vittorio A Alfieri, Italian count/poet (Maria Stuarda)
1757 - Samuel McIntire, woodcarver/architect (architect of Salem)
1804 - Karl August Krebs, composer
1807 - Charles Henry Davis, Rear Admiral (Union Navy), died in 1877
1815 - Adolph Trube, composer
1815 - Henry Wagner "Old Brains" Halleck, Maj-General (Union Army)
1834 - Albert Lindley Lee, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1907
1836 - King Francis II of the Two Sicilies (d. 1894)
1837 - James Phillip Simms, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1887
1838 - Franz Brentano, German philosopher and psychologist (d. 1917)
1844 - Ismail Qemali, Albanian nationalist (d. 1919)
Industrialist André MichelinIndustrialist André Michelin (1853) 1853 - Andre Michelin, France, industrialist/tire manufacturer (Michelin)
1853 - Johnston Forbes-Robertson, English actor/theater director (Kathleen)
1853 - Gen Sir Ian Hamilton, British military commander (d. 1947)
1853 - Vladimir Sergeyevich Solovyov, Russian philosopher (d. 1900)
1864 - Frank Bacon, actor/author (Lightnin)
1868 - Cyril Metodej Hrazdira, composer
1870 - Wilhelm Normann, German chemist (hardening of oils)
1872 - Edward G Craig, actor/director (On the art of theatre)
1872 - Henri-Paul Busser, composer
1873 - Boyd Alexander, English explorer
1874 - Robert Service, England, Canadian poet (Cremation of Sam McGee)
1875 - Leonor Michaelis, German enzyme kinetic theorist (d. 1947)
1878 - Harry Carey [Henry DeWitt Carey II], Bronx New York, American actor (Aces Wild, Border Cafe, Air Force)
1878 - Robert Garbe, German poet (Gorniek)
1885 - Wladyslaw Raczkiewicz, president of Poland (1939-40)
1885 - Zhou Zuoren, Chinese writer (d. 1967)
1887 - John Hamilton, Penn, actor (Perry White-Superman)
1888 - Osip Brik, Russian writer (d. 1945)
1890 - Karl Freund, Czech/Austrian cameraman/director
1890 - Lloyd Bacon, San Jose CA, actor (Charlie Chaplin)
1893 - Daisy Kennedy, Australian violinist (d. 1981)
1894 - Guy Chamberlin, early NFL end/coach (Canton, Frankford, Cards)
1894 - Irving Mills, American jazz music publisher (d. 1985)
1895 - Nat Schachner, American author (d. 1955)
1896 - Ruth Rose, American screenwriter (d. 1978)
1897 - Carlos Pellicer, Mexican poet (d. 1977)
1898 - Margaret Booth, American film editor (d. 2002)
1898 - Irving Rapper, UK-US film director (d. 1999)
Cuban President and Dictator Fulgencio BatistaCuban President and Dictator Fulgencio Batista (1901) 1901 - Fulgencio Batista, president/dictator of Cuba (1933-44, 1952-59)
1901 - Frank Zamboni, American inventor (d. 1988)
1902 - Eric Liddell, China, English 400m runner (Olympic-gold-1924)
1902 - Evelyn Levine, composer
1904 - Max Vredenburg, composer
1905 - Ernesto Halffter, Spanish composer and conductor
1906 - Clement Greenberg, art critic
1906 - Diana Winyard, London, actress (Cavalcade)
1907 - Alexander Knox, Canada, actor (Gorky Park, 2 of a Kind)
1907 - Phillip Humphrey Vellacott, classicist
1907 - Paul Nitze, American government official (d. 2004)
1908 - Ethel Merman, stage & screen actress (Anything Goes, Call Me Madam)
1908 - Günther Prien, German World War II submarine captain (d. 1941)
1910 - David McCampbell, US pilot/capt (WW II-Pacific-downed 34 Jap planes)
1911 - Gilbert Gadoffre, French scholar
1911 - Jay Hanna "Dizzy" Dean, HOF baseball pitcher (St Louis Cardinals)
1911 - Roger Lapébie, French cyclist (d. 1996)
1912 - Franz Tumler, Austria, author/novelist (Cloak, Aufruf)
1914 - Roger Aubert, Belgium, church historian (Le Pontificat de Pie IX)
1914 - Roger Wagner, American choral musician (d. 1992)
1916 - Frederick Stewart, British geologist
1917 - Buddy Lester, Chicago Ill, actor (Nick-Phil Silvers Show)
1917 - Carl Karcher, founded the Carl's Jr. hamburger chain (d. 2008)
1918 - Stirling Silliphant, screenwriter
1918 - Nel Benschop, Dutch poet (d. 2005)
1918 - Clem Jones, Lord Mayor of Brisbane, Australia (d. 2007)
1919 - Bob Boucher, Kent Ohio, orchestra leader (Music on Ice)
1920 - Elliot Reid, NYC, actor (Gentlemen Prefer Blondes), (d. 2013)
1921 - Francesco Scavullo, American photographer (d. 2004)
1922 - Ernesto Bonino, Italian singer (d. 2008)
1923 - Martin Stokken, Norway, nordic relay (Olympic-silver-1952)
1923 - Roy Lanham, rocker (Sons of the Pioneers)
1923 - Willem Aantjes, Dutch politicial leader (CDA)
1923 - Gene Feist, American stage actor and producer
1923 - Anthony Hecht, American poet (d. 2004)
1924 - Katy Jurado, Mexico, actress (High Noon, Trapeze, Barabbas, AKA Pablo)
1926 - John "Jack" Layden, local politician
1928 - Ezra Sims, composer
1928 - John William Fozard, aircraft designer
1928 - William Kennedy, US writer
1928 - Pilar Lorengar, Spanish soprano (d. 1996)
1929 - Allard Lowenstein, radical (Students for Democratic Action)
1929 - Francesco Scavullo, Staten Island NY, celebrity photographer
1929 - Tage Nielsen, composer
1930 - Norman Podhoretz, Brooklyn NY, author/editor (NY Post)
1930 - Clarence Ray Allen, American murderer (d. 2006)
1931 - Vladimir Skutina, writer playwright/journalist
1931 - Johannes Rau, German politician (d. 2006)
1932 - Dian Fossey, San Francisco, California, American zoologist (Gorillas in the Mist)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 5 of 5

1325 - Laure de Noves, beloved of Petrarch, marries Hugues de Sade
First Victim of Jack the Ripper Mary Ann NicholsFirst Victim of Jack the Ripper Mary Ann Nichols (1864) 1864 - White chapel murder victims Mary Ann Nichols (18) weds printer's machinist William Nichols
1865 - Confederate soldier during US Civil War Brigadier General John Pegram marries Hetty Cary
1954 - Painter Marcel Duchamp (66) weds Alexina Duchamp (48) in New York City
1999 - "General Hospital" actor Steve Burton (29) weds model Sheree Gustin (22) at a cliffside church in Dana Point, California

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 138

308 - Marcellus I, Catholic Pope (-308), dies
429 - Honoratius of Arles, bishop/saint, dies [or 430]
960 - Polyeuctus, Patriarch of Constantinople
1343 - Robert of Anjou, king (Naples), dies
1400 - John Holland, 1st Duke of Exeter, English politician (executed) (b. 1352)
1545 - George Spalatin, German reformer (b. 1484)
1547 - Johannes Schöner, German astronomer and cartographer (b. 1477)
1554 - Christiern Pedersen, Danish humanist (b. 1480)
1585 - Edward Clinton, 1st Earl of Lincoln, English admiral (b. 1512)
1595 - Murad III, sultan of Turkey (1574-95), dies
1659 - Charles Annibal Fabrot, French lawyer (b. 1580)
1703 - Matteo Coferati, composer, dies at 64
1710 - Emperor Higashiyama of Japan (b. 1675)
1711 - Joseph Vaz, Apostle of Ceylon (b. 1651)
1747 - Barthold Heinrich Brockes, German poet (b. 1680)
1748 - Arnold Drakenborch, Dutch classical scholar (b. 1684)
1750 - Ivan Trubetskoy, Russian field marshall (b. 1667)
1752 - Francis Blomefield, English topographer (b. 1705)
Historian Edward GibbonHistorian Edward Gibbon (1794) 1794 - Edward Gibbon, English historian (The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire), dies in London at 56
1809 - Sir John Moore, British General, at the Battle of Corunna (b. 1761)
1817 - Antonin Josef Alois Volanek, composer, dies at 55
1817 - Alexander J. Dallas, American statesman (b. 1759)
1834 - Jean Nicolas Pierre Hachette, French mathematician (b. 1769)
1838 - Aleksandr I Polezjajev, Russian poet (Sasjka), dies at 33 [OS]
1842 - Thomas Freanby, Norwegian landscape painter, dies
1849 - Wilhelm M L de Wette, German theologist, dies at 69
1856 - Thaddeus William Harris, American naturalist (b. 1795)
1864 - Anton Schindler, German violinist/biographer (Beethoven), dies at 68
1865 - Edmond François Valentin About, French writer (b. 1828)
1879 - Octave Crémazie, French Canadian poet (b. 1827)
1886 - Amilcare Ponchielli, Italian composer (La Gioconda), dies at 51
1891 - Clement Philibert Leo Delibes, composer (Lakmé), dies at 54
1892 - Imakita Kosen, Zen teacher/abbot of Engagkuji monastery, dies
1893 - Johan Philip Koelman, painter/sculptor/architect, dies at 74
1898 - Charles Pelham Villiers, longest-serving MP in the British House of Commons (b. 1802)
Minister and US Senator Hiram R. RevelsMinister and US Senator Hiram R. Revels (1901) 1901 - Hiram R. Revels, dies at 73
1901 - Jules Barbier, French opera librettist (b. 1825)
1901 - Arnold Böcklin, Swiss painter (b. 1827)
1906 - Marshall Field, founder of Marshall Field and Company (b. 1834)
1907 - Alfred Shaw, cricketer (seven Tests for England 1877-82), dies
1912 - Georg Heym, writer, dies at 24
1916 - Arnold Aletrino, Dut physician-criminologist (From Death), dies at 57
1917 - George Dewey, U.S. admiral (b. 1837)
1919 - Jaroslav Jeremias, composer, dies at 19
1919 - Francisco de Paula Rodrigues Alves, President of Brazil (b. 1848)
1920 - Reginald De Koven, composer, dies at 60
1924 - Winifred Cochrane, Countess of Dundonald, philanthropist (b. 1859)
1934 - Annie Patterson, composer, dies at 65
1935 - Richard Wetz, composer, dies at 59
1935 - Ma Barker, American criminal (b. 1871)
1936 - Albert Fish, American serial killer, executed at 65
1942 - Carole Lombard, American actress (To Be or Not to Be), dies of plane crash at 33
1943 - Franz Courtens, Flemish painter (Sunny Lane), dies at 88
1945 - Dennis Donnini, Brit rifleman (Victoria Cross), dies in battle at 19
1946 - Johanna HC Albregt, actress/wife of Henri Dons (Paradise), dies at 71
1954 - Michail M Prishvin, Russian writer, dies
1955 - Jonkheer Reneke de Marees van Swinderen, Dutch min (1908-13), dies
1955 - Reneke de Marees van Swinderen, Dutch minister (1908-13), dies at 94
1957 - Alexander Cambridge, gov-gen (S Afr 1923-31/Canada 1940-5), dies at 82
1957 - Arturo Toscanini, Italian US conductor (NBC), dies in NYC at 89
1961 - Janos Viski, composer, dies at 54
1962 - Emanuel Stickelberger, Swiss writer (Holbein in England), dies at 77
1962 - Ivan Meštrović, Croatian sculptor (b. 1883)
1962 - Frank Hurley, Australian photographer (b. 1885)
1963 - Gilardo Gilardi, composer, dies at 73
1963 - Ike Quebec, American tenor-saxophone player (b. 1918)
1966 - Margarete Susman, writer, dies at 91
1967 - Dirk Vansina, Flemish playwright (Sage of Kai-Roi), dies at 72
1967 - Robert J Van De Graaff, US nuclear physicist, dies at 65
1968 - Robert R "Bob" Jones, founder (Bob Jones University), dies at 84
1969 - Jan Palach, protesting Soviet invasion of Czech, self immolates at 20
1969 - Vernon Duke, composer, dies at 65
1970 - Armijn Pane, Indonesian writer (Djinak-djinak merpati), dies at 61
1971 - Kermit Maynard, cowboy actor (Saturday Roundup), dies at 68
1971 - Philippe Thys, Belgian cyclist (b. 1890)
1972 - David Seville, singer (Alvin & Chipmunks), dies at 52
1972 - Teller Ammons, American politician (b. 1895)
1973 - Ray Barrett, sportscaster (Gillette Summer Sports Reel), dies at 65
1979 - Fred Elizalde, composer, dies at 71
Actor Ted CassidyActor Ted Cassidy (1979) 1979 - Ted Cassidy, actor (Lurch-Addams Family), dies at 46
1979 - August Heissmeyer, German SS officer (b. 1897)
1980 - Anna van Wageningen-Salomons, Dut author (Unspoilt Dream), dies at 94
1981 - Bernard Lee, English actor (Fallen Idol, Dr No), dies at 73
1982 - Red Smith, American sports columnist (b. 1905)
1985 - Robert Fitzgerald, U.S. poet and translator (b. 1910)
1986 - Herbert W. Armstrong, American evangelist, author, and publisher (b. 1892)
1987 - Earl Wilson, Bdwy columnist (Midnight Earl), dies in Yonkers at 79
1987 - Ilse Langen, writer, dies at 87
1987 - Joyce Jameson, comedienne (Spike Jones Show), dies at 54
1987 - Bertram Wainer, Australian pro-abortion campaigner (b. 1928)
1988 - Andrija Artuković, Croatian war criminal (b. 1899)
1989 - Pierre Boileau, screenwriter (Vertigo), dies at 82
1989 - Romo Vincent, actor (Naked Jungle), dies
1989 - Trey Wilson, actor (Bull Durham, Twins, Raising Arizona), dies
1992 - Roselle Novelle, silent film actress, dies at 95
1993 - Florence Desmond, [Dawson], actress (Sally in Our Alley), dies at 87
1993 - Glenn Corbett, US actor (Shenandoah, Chisum, Midway), dies at 63
1993 - Sathasivam Krishnakumar, Sri Lanka commander, commits suicide
1993 - Jón Páll Sigmarsson, Icelandic strength athlete (b. 1960)
1994 - Harry Nilsson, singer/Songwriter, dies at 52

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