This Day in History for 17th January

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 165

1287 - King Alfonso III of Aragon invades Minorca.
1377 - Pope Gregory XI moves the Papacy back to Rome from Avignon.
1501 - Cesare Borgia returns in triumph to Rome from Romagna
1524 - Beginning of Giovanni da Verrazzano's voyage to find a passage to China.
1536 - Francois Rabelais absolved of apostasy by Pope Paul III
1562 - Edict of St Germain recognizes Huguenots in France
1584 - Bohemia adopts Gregorian calendar
1595 - French King Henri IV declares war on Spain
1601 - France gains Bresse, Bugey, Valromey & Gex in treaty with Spain
1656 - Brandenburg & Sweden sign Treaty of Königsberg
1718 - Avalanche destroys every building in Leukerbad, Switz; kills 53
1746 - Battle of Falkirk Muir, the Jacobites under Charles Stuart defeat Hanoverian forces.
1757 - German Diet declares war on Prussia
Captain/Explorer James CookCaptain/Explorer James Cook 1773 - Capt James Cook becomes 1st to cross Antarctic Circle (66° 33' S)
1775 - 9 old women burnt as witches for causing bad harvests, Kalisk, Pol
1775 - R B Sheridan's "Rivals," premieres in London
1779 - Captain Cook's last notation in ship's log Discovery
1799 - Maltese patriot Dun Mikiel Xerri, along with a number of other patriots, was executed.
1821 - Mexico permits Moses Austin & 300 US families to settle in Texas, after his death leaves to son Stephen
1827 - Duke of Wellington appointed British supreme commander
1832 - Johannes van den Bosch appointed gov-gen of Dutch-Indies
Founder of Texas Stephen F. AustinFounder of Texas Stephen F. Austin 1852 - British recognize independence of Transvaal (in South Africa)
1861 - Flush toilet patented by Mr Thomas Crapper
1862 - -Jan 22nd) BBT Ft Henry, TN by USS Lexington
1863 - Civil War skirmish near Newtown, Virginia
1864 - General longstreet's command ends heavy fighting at Dandridgem TN
1871 - 1st cable car patented, by Andrew S Hallidie (begins service in 1873)
1873 - A group of Modoc warriors defeat the United States Army in the First Battle of the Stronghold, a part of the Modoc War.
1874 - Armed Democrats seize Texas government ending Radical Reconstruction
Confederate General James LongstreetConfederate General James Longstreet 1882 - 1st Dutch female physician Aletta Jacobs opens office
1885 - Brits beat Mahdists at Battle of Abu Klea in Sudan
1893 - -17°F (-27°C), Millsboro, Delaware (state record)
1893 - Queen Liliuokalani deposed, Kingdom of Hawaii becomes a republic
1895 - French president Casimir-Perier resigns
1895 - Félix Faure installed as president of France
1899 - US takes possession of Wake Island in Pacific
1904 - Anton Chekhov's "Cherry Orchard" opens at Moscow Art Theater
1905 - Punchboards patented by Charles Brewer & C G Scannell, Chicago
1911 - Failed assassination attempt on premier Briand in French Assembly
Author and Playwright Anton ChekhovAuthor and Playwright Anton Chekhov 1911 - Percy Mackaye's "Scarecrow," premieres in NYC
1912 - Robert Scott expedition arrives at South Pole, 1 month after Amundsen
1913 - Raymond Poincaré elected president of France
1914 - Gerhart Hauptmann's "Der Bogen des Odysseus," premieres in Berlin
1915 - Antoni van Leeuwenhoek's Hospital in Amsterdam opens
1915 - Russia occupies Bukovina & Western Ukraine
1916 - 1st PGA Championship: Jim Barnes at Siwanoy CC Bronxville NY
1916 - Professional Golfer Association (PGA) forms in NYC
1917 - US pays Denmark $25 million for Virgin Islands (or 3/21)
1920 - Paul Deschanel elected president of France
Pioneering Golfer Jim BarnesPioneering Golfer Jim Barnes 1920 - First day Prohibition comes into effect in the US as a result of the 18th amendment
1923 - Belgian Working people Party protest against occupied Ruhrgebied
1923 - Origin of Brown lunation numbers
1928 - 1st fully automatic photographic film developing machine patented
1929 - Popeye makes 1st appearance, in comic strip "Thimble Theater"
1933 - Bradman takes second Test wicket, Hammond, bowled
1934 - Carl Hubbell, NL MVP winner, gets $18,000 contract by the NY Giants
1934 - Electric Home & Farm Authority incorporated
Cricket Legend Donald BradmanCricket Legend Donald Bradman 1934 - NY Giants reward MVP pitcher Carl Hubbell with $18,000 contract
1938 - Supreme Soviet elects Michail Kalinin as presidium chairman
1938 - Joseph P. Kennedy becomes the 44th United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom
1939 - Ed Barrow is elected Yankee president succeeding deceased J Ruppert
1941 - Kuomintang forces under orders from Chiang Kai-Shek open fire at communist forces, resuming the Chinese Civil War after World War II.
1943 - Tin Can Drive Day
1944 - Korvet Violet sinks U-641 in Atlantic Ocean
Patriarch of the Kennedy family Joseph P. KennedyPatriarch of the Kennedy family Joseph P. Kennedy 1945 - Auschwitz concentration camp begins evacuation
1945 - Gilbert Dodds, record miler (4:05.3), retires to do gospel work
1945 - The devastated city of Warsaw is cleared of German resistance by the Russians and a Polish unit fighting with them
1945 - Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg, credited with saving tens of thousands of Jews from the Nazis, arrested by secret police in Hungary
1946 - United Nations Security Council holds its 1st meeting
1947 - Muiden Neth ammunition factory explodes, 16 die
1948 - Netherlands & Indonesia agree to a cease fire
1948 - Trial of 11 US Communist party members begins in NYC
1949 - The Goldbergs, the first sitcom on American television, first airs.
1950 - "Alive & Kicking" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 46 perfs
1950 - The Great Brinks Robbery - 11 men rob $1.2M cash & $1.5M securities from armored car company Brink's offices in Boston, Massachusetts
1951 - China refuses ceases-fire in Korea
Oceanographer, Explorer and Scientist Jacques CousteauOceanographer, Explorer and Scientist Jacques Cousteau 1954 - Jacques Cousteau's 1st network telecast airs on "Omnibus" (CBS)
1954 - NFL Pro Bowl: East beats West 20-9
1954 - Suggs Louise wins LPGA Sea Island Golf Open (Cloister)
1955 - Submarine Nautilus begins 1st nuclear-powered test voyage
1957 - 9-county commission recommends creation of BART
1959 - "Say, Darling" closes at ANTA Theater NYC after 332 performances
1960 - Mickey Wright wins LPGA Sea Island Women's Golf Invitational
1960 - NFL Pro Bowl: West beats East 38-21
1961 - Eisenhower allegedly orders assassination of Congo's Lumumba
LPGA Golfer Mickey WrightLPGA Golfer Mickey Wright 1961 - President Dwight D. Eisenhower delivers a televised farewell address to the nation three days before leaving office, in which he warns against the accumulation of power by the "military-industrial complex".
1962 - A NASA civilian pilot Neil A Armstrong takes X-15 to 40,690 m
1962 - Roy Harris' 8th Symphony, premieres in SF
1963 - Joe Walker takes X-15 to altitude of 82 km
1963 - Wilt Chamberlain of NBA SF Warriors scores 67 points vs LA
1966 - B-52/KC-135 tankers crash near Spanish coast at Palomares, 7 die
1966 - Martin Luther King Jr. opens campaign in Chicago
Clergyman and Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.Clergyman and Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr. 1969 - Debut album of Led Zeppelin released in US
1969 - Soyuz 5 lands
1970 - 357 baseball players are available in the free-agent draft
1970 - AFL Pro Bowl: West beats East 26-3
1970 - John M Burgess installed as bishop of Protestant Episcopals (Mass)
1970 - Sporting News names Willie Mays as Player of the Decade for the 1960s
1971 - Super Bowl V: Balt Colts-16, Dallas Cowboys-13 in Miami Super Bowl MVP: Chuck Howley, Dallas, LB
1971 - At a party conference in Dublin, Sinn Féin end their 65 year abstentionist policy and agree that any elected representative could take their seat at the Dáil

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 287

1342 - Philip, the Bold, duke of Burgundy
1463 - Frederick III, the Wise, elector of Saxony (1486-25), protector Luther
1484 - George Spalatin, German reformer (d. 1545)
1501 - Leonhard Fuchs, Germany, botanist (History of Plants)
1504 - Pius V, [Antonio Ghislieri] saint, pope (1566-72)
1517 - Antonio Scandello, Italian composer (Passion of Johannes)
1545 - Antonio Pace, composer
1560 - Gaspard Bauhin, Swiss botanist (d. 1624)
1574 - Robert Fludd, composer
1600 - Calderon, writer
1612 - Thomas Fairfax, Lord Fairfax, English Parliamentary general
1657 - Pieter van Bloemen, [Standaart], Flemish painter, baptized
1659 - Antonio Veracini, composer
1683 - Gerard van Loon, Dutch historian
1686 - Archibald Bower, Scottish historian (d. 1766)
United States Founding Father Benjamin FranklinUnited States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin (1706) 1706 - Benjamin Franklin, Boston, Mass, kite flyer/statesman/wit/inventor, (d. 1790)
1712 - John Stanley, composer
1719 - Jean-Joseph Vade, composer
1719 - William Vernon, American merchant (d. 1806)
1728 - Johann Gottfried Muthel, composer
1732 - Stanislaw II August Poniatowski, last king of Poland (1764-95)
1733 - Thomas Linley, composer
1734 - Francois-Joseph Gossec, Belgian-French composer (Les Pêcheurs, Mirza)
1745 - Nicolas Roze, composer
1759 - Paul Cuffe, Mass, merchant/shipbuilder/black nationalist
1761 - James Hall, Scotland, geologist
1769 - Ole Andreas Lindeman, composer
1771 - Charles Brockden Brown, father of American novel (Wieland)
1789 - August Neander, German theologian (d. 1850)
1806 - James Madison Randolph, (Jefferson's grandson) 1st born in White House
1814 - Ellen Wood, English author (East Lynne, Pomeroy Abbey)
1818 - Antoine Dorion, (L) joint premier of Canada (1858, 1863-64)
1820 - Anne Bronte, English novelist/poet (Tenant of Wildfell Hall)
1828 - Lewis Addison Grant, Bvt Mjr General (Union volunteers), died in 1918
1828 - Eduard Remenyi, Hungarian violinist (d. 1898)
1831 - Archduchess Elisabeth Franziska of Austria (d. 1903)
1834 - Wilhelmina J R Albregt-Engelman, Dutch actress/daughter of Mimi Bia
1834 - August Weismann, German biologist (d. 1914)
1835 - Antanas Baranauskas, Lithuanian bishop/poet/dialectologist
1835 - Johan Filip von Schantz, composer
1836 - Jose Silvestre de los Dolores White Lafitte, composer
1842 - Anton G van Hamel, founder (Roman Philology in Netherlands)
1845 - Lucas Lindeboom, Dutch vicar/evangelist (Vredebond)
1850 - Alexander Sergeyevich Taneyev, St Petersburg Russia, composer
1851 - A. B. Frost, American illustrator (d. 1928)
1853 - Alva Belmont, American socialite & suffragette (d. 1933)
1857 - Eugene Augustin Lauste, developer (1st sound-on-film recording)
1857 - Wilhelm Kienzl, Austrian composer (Evangelimann)
1858 - Tomas Carrasquilla, Colombian author (Frutos de mi Tierra)
1860 - Douglas Hyde, President of Ireland (d. 1949)
1862 - John E Akkeringa, Dutch painter/etcher
1863 - David Lloyd George, (L-PM-Britain, 1916-22)
1863 - Henry Charles Tonking, composer
1863 - Konstantin S Stanislavski, Russia, director (Stanislavski Method)
1864 - Lucien Herr, France, scientist (Corresp entre Schiller et Schiller)
1865 - Gen Sir Charles Fergusson, Governor-General of New Zealand (d. 1951)
1867 - Carl Laemmle, German-born film executive (d. 1939)
British Admiral of the Fleet David BeattyBritish Admiral of the Fleet David Beatty (1871) 1871 - David Beatty, Nantwich, Cheshire, 1st Earl Beatty and British Admiral of the Fleet
1873 - Francois Rasse, composer
1875 - Florencio Sánchez, Uruguayan dramatist (d. 1910)
1876 - Olga Fastrova, writer
1876 - Frank Hague, American politician (d. 1956)
1877 - Hans Jelmoli, composer
1877 - May Gibbs, Australian children's author (d. 1969)
1878 - Oscar Apfel, Cleve, actor (Abraham Lincoln, Inspiration, Before Dawn)
1880 - Mack Sennett, movie creator (Keystone Kops)
1881 - Alfred R Radcliffe-Browne, British anthropologist (Andaman Islanders)
1881 - Antoni Łomnicki, Polish mathematician (d. 1941)
1882 - Noah Beery, Smithville AR, actor (Story of Esther, Mark of Zorro)
Businessman, Gambler, and Mobster Arnold RothsteinBusinessman, Gambler, and Mobster Arnold Rothstein (1882) 1882 - Arnold Rothstein, New York City New York, American gambler and mobster (fixed 1919 World Series)
1885 - E Ball-Hennings, writer
1885 - Joseph Arendt, Belgian worker's union leader
1886 - Glenn Luther Martin, aviator (Collier Trophy-1933)
1886 - Ronald Firbank, London, novelist (Flower Beneath the Foot)
1887 - Ola Raknes, Norwegian psychoanalyst and philologist (d. 1975)
1891 - Marjorie Gateson, Brooklyn New York, American actress (One Man's Family)
1891 - Norman "Squab" Read, US aviator who lived to be 101
1891 - Walter Eucken, German economist
1896 - Harry Reser, Ohio, orchestra leader (Sammy Kaye Show)
1897 - Nils Asther, Malmö Sweden, actor (Bluebeard, Night Monster)
1897 - Marcel Petiot, French mass murderer (d. 1946)
Gangster Al CaponeGangster Al Capone (1899) 1899 - Al Capone, Brooklyn New York, American gangster (Chicago bootlegging)
1899 - Nevil Shute [Norway], London, novelist (On the Beach, Town Like Alice)
1899 - Robert Maynard Hutchins, US, educator/civil libertarian
1899 - Roel [Martinus F] Houwink, Dutch literary (1 Man Without Character)
1900 - Olga Maria Nicolis di Robilant, patron of the arts
1901 - Vasily Petrovich Shirinsky, composer
1901 - Aron Gurwitsch, Lithuanian-born philosopher (d. 1973)
1902 - Geoffrey W Lloyd, British minister of Brandstoffen/Energy (1951-55)
1903 - Warren Hull, Gasport NY, actor (Strike it Rich, Who in the World)
1903 - Jyoti Prasad Agarwala, Assamese poet, playwright, film maker (d. 1953)
1904 - Grant Withers, Pueblo CO, actor (Oklahoma, Annie)
1904 - Patsy Ruth Miller, actress (Quebec, Wide Open, Sap, Twin Beds)
1905 - Franz Schmid, Germany, ascended northside of Matterhorn (1931)
1905 - Guillermo Stábile, Argentine footballer (d. 1966)
1905 - Ray Cunningham, American baseball player (d. 2005)
1907 - Henk H Badings, Bandung Indonesia, Dutch opera composer (Orestes)
1908 - Akkineni LV Lakshmi Varaprasada Rao Prasad, producer
1908 - Cus D'Amato, American boxing manager (d. 1985)
1910 - Edith S Green, (Rep-D-Ore)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 6 of 6

Roman Emperor Augustus CaesarRoman Emperor Augustus Caesar (38 BC) 38 BC - Roman Republican Leader Octavian, later Augustus 1st Roman Emperor, marries Livia Drusilla.
1827 - Religious leader Joseph Smith Jr (21) weds church group movement leader Emma Smith (22) in South Bainbridge, New York
1926 - George Burns marries Gracie Allen
1946 - Actor John Wayne (38) weds actress Esperanza Baur in Long Beach, California
1955 - Murderer Charles Manson (20) weds waitress Rosalie Jean Willis (17)
1988 - Publisher Bob Guccione (57) weds actress Katherine Keeton (48)

Famous Divorces

Divorces 1 - 1 of 1

NFL Head Coach Jimmy JohnsonNFL Head Coach Jimmy Johnson (1990) 1990 - NFL coach Jimmy Johnson (26) divorces Linda Kay Cooper after 26 years of marriage

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 152

395 - Theodosius I, the Great, Spanish emperor of Rome, dies at 49
1103 - Frutolf, German monk/musicologist/historian, dies
1119 - Boudouin VII Hapkin, count of Flanders, dies
1229 - Albert, Bishop of Riga/Albert of Buxhoeveden, founder of the Livonian Brothers of the Sword, dies at about 68
1369 - King Peter I of Cyprus (murdered) (b. 1328)
1468 - Skanderbeg, Albanian leader (b. 1405)
1598 - Fyodor I Tsar of Russia (b. 1557)
1604 - Santino Garsi, composer, dies at 61
1617 - Pieter C Bockenberg, Dutch historian, dies at 68
1617 - Faust Vrančić, Croatian inventor (b. 1551)
1620 - Diego Alvarez de Paz, Span missionary/writer (Peru), dies at about 59
1625 - Nicolo Rubini, composer, dies at 50
1654 - Paul Potter, Dutch painter, buried
1661 - Andres Malong, Philippines rebel leader, executed
1676 - Pier Francesco Cavalli, Italian opera composer, dies at 73
1702 - Thomas Franklin, English smith/uncle of B Franklin, dies [OS=Jan 6]
1705 - John Ray, English naturalist (b. 1627)
1718 - Captain Benjamin Church, Plymouth Colony settler and military leader
1737 - Matthäus Daniel Pöppelmann, German architect (b. 1662)
1738 - Jean-Francois Dandrieu, composer, dies
1750 - Tomaso Albinioni, Italian composer (Adagio in G Minor), dies at 78
1781 - Marie de Negre Dables, marquess, dies
1788 - Alessio Prati, composer, dies at 37
1805 - Abraham-Hyacinthe Anquetil du Perron, French interpreter, dies at 73
1820 - Daniel W Wyttenbach, Dutch classicist/historian, dies at 73
1823 - Zacharius Werner, German playwright, dies at 36
1826 - Juan Crisóstomo Arriaga, Spanish composer (b. 1806)
1830 - W Waiblinger, writer, dies
1833 - James Ball Antyne, Scot founder (Ball Antyne Press), dies at about 60
1833 - William Rush, Indians sculptor (Spirit of the Schuylkill), dies
1834 - Giovanni Aldini, Italian physicist (b. 1762)
1856 - Thomas Attwood Walmisley, composer, dies at 41
1861 - Lola Montez, Irish-born adventurer (b. 1821)
1863 - E J Horace Vernet, French painter, dies at 73
1869 - Alexander Sergeyevich Dargomyzhsky, composer, dies at 55
1874 - Chang & Eng Bunker, Chinese/Thai Siamese twins, dies at 62
1884 - Hermann Schlegel, German ornithologist (b. 1804)
1887 - William Giblin, Premier of Tasmania (b. 1840)
1889 - Juan Montalvo, Ecuadorian author (Siete Tratados), dies at 56
1890 - Salomon Sulzer, composer, dies at 85
1891 - Johannes Josephus Hermanus Verhulst, composer, dies at 74
Father of U.S. History George BancroftFather of U.S. History George Bancroft (1891) 1891 - George Bancroft, American historian and father of U.S. History, dies at 90
1892 - Alexandre Levy, composer, dies at 27
1893 - Rutherford B. Hayes, 19th US Pres (1877-81), dies of a heart attack at 70
1901 - Jacob G Agarah, Swedish algologist, dies at 87
1902 - Gideon Scheepers, South Africa Boer leader, executed
1903 - Ignaz Wechselmann, Hungarian architect and philanthropist (b. 1828)
1908 - Ferdinand IV SMJJBFLGRRJ, ruler of Toscane, dies at 72
1909 - Sir Francis Smith, Premier of Tasmania (b. 1819
1910 - Thomas Crapper, inventor (flush toilet), dies
1910 - Wilhelm F Kohlrausch, Germ physicist (Additiviteitsregel), dies at 69
19th US President Rutherford B. Hayes19th US President Rutherford B. Hayes (1893) 1911 - Francis Galton, English scholar, dies at 88
1913 - Carl Baermann, composer, dies at 73
1917 - Hendrik Goeman Borgesius, Dutch politician, dies at 70
1927 - Juliette Gordon Low, American founder of the Girl Scouts of the USA, dies of breast cancer at 66
1932 - Albert Jacka, VC, Australian soldier (b. 1893)
1933 - John Hodges, cricketer (6 wickets in Australia's 1st two Tests), dies
1933 - Louis Comfort Tiffany, American artist and designer (b. 1848)
1936 - Mateiu Caragiale, Romanian author (b. 1885)
1938 - William H Pickering, astronomer (predicted Pluto), dies at 79
1941 - Jose Leite de Vasconcelos, Portuguese scholar (Etnografia), dies at 82
Founder of Girl Scouts of the USA Juliette Gordon LowFounder of Girl Scouts of the USA Juliette Gordon Low (1927) 1942 - Frederick Jerome Work, composer, dies at 61
1942 - Walther von Reichenau, German field marshal (b. 1884)
1946 - Gottfried Rudinger, composer, dies at 59
1947 - Pyotr Krasnov, Russian counter-revolutionary (b. 1869)
1947 - Jean-Marie-Rodrigue Villeneuve, French Archbishop of Quebec (b. 1883)
1952 - Walter O "Spike" Briggs, owner (Det Tigers), dies at 74
1955 - J A Veraart, economist, dies at 68
1955 - Joannes A Veraart, Dut judge/MP, (Jews in Neth), dies at 68
1959 - Abdul Aziz, cricket, dies at 17 struck by ball in fc match for Karachi
1961 - Patrice Lumumba, African revolutionary, murdered at 36
1962 - Gerrit Achterberg, Dutch poet (Dead End), dies at 56
1964 - Terence Hanbury White, novelist (England Have My Bones), dies at 57
Author T.H. WhiteAuthor T.H. White (1964) 1964 - T.H. White, English author of the King Arthur novels, dies of heart failure at 57
1966 - Vincent J Donehue, director (Lonelyhearts), dies of Hodgkin's at 50
1967 - Evelyn Nesbit, actress (Redemption), dies at 82
1968 - Julis Deutsch, Austria politician/general Spanish rep army, dies at 83
1969 - Grazyna Bacewicz, composer, dies at 59
1970 - Billy Stewart, singer (I Do Love You), dies in auto-accident at 32
1970 - Simon Kovar, Russian-American bassoonist (b. 1890)
1972 - Rochelle Hudson, actress (That's My Boy), dies at 55
1972 - Betty Smith, American writer and singer (b. 1896)
1973 - Fred Essler, actor (Unsinkable Molly Brown), dies at 77
1976 - Ad Verhoeven, soccer player (Xerxes/Sparta), dies in auto-accident
1977 - Gary Gilmore, executed in Utah, 1st US execution since 1967
1980 - Barbara Britton, actress (Pamela-Mr & Mrs North), dies at 59
1981 - Loukas Panourgias, Greek footballer (b. 1899)
1983 - Doodles Weaver, actor/comedian (Ring of Fire), shoots himself at 71
1987 - Hugo Fregonese, Argentine film director (b. 1908)
1989 - Sterling A Brown, US poet/critic (Southern Road), dies at 87
1990 - Charles Hernu, French minister of Defense (1981-85), dies
1991 - Olav AFEC van Sleeswijk-Holstein-S-G V, king of Norway (1957), dies
1992 - Bill Walker, actor (Big Mo, Mask, Harlem Globetrotters), dies at 95
1992 - Charlie Ventura, jazz sax (Bop for the people), dies at 75 of cancer
1992 - Dorothy Alison, actress (Maggie, 3rd Key, Long Arm), dies
1992 - Frank Pullen, English businessman and racehorse owner (b. 1915)
1993 - Ger ter Horst, Dutch soccer trainer (Sparta), dies
1993 - Albert Hourani, English historian (b. 1915)
1994 - Allan G Odell, Ad exec (Burma Shave), dies at 90
1994 - Chung Il Kwon, PM of South Korea (1964-70), dies

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