This Day in History for 17th January

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 157

1287 - King Alfonso III of Aragon invades Minorca.
1377 - Pope Gregory XI moves the Papacy back to Rome from Avignon.
1501 - Cesare Borgia returns in triumph to Rome from Romagna
1524 - Beginning of Giovanni da Verrazzano's voyage to find a passage to China.
1536 - Francois Rabelais absolved of apostasy by Pope Paul III
1562 - Edict of St Germain recognizes Huguenots in France
1584 - Bohemia adopts Gregorian calendar
1595 - French King Henri IV declares war on Spain
1601 - France gains Bresse, Bugey, Valromey & Gex in treaty with Spain
1656 - Brandenburg & Sweden sign Treaty of Königsberg
1718 - Avalanche destroys every building in Leukerbad, Switz; kills 53
1746 - Battle of Falkirk Muir, the Jacobites under Charles Stuart defeat Hanoverian forces.
1757 - German Diet declares war on Prussia
Captain/Explorer James CookCaptain/Explorer James Cook 1773 - Capt James Cook becomes 1st to cross Antarctic Circle (66° 33' S)
1775 - 9 old women burnt as witches for causing bad harvests, Kalisk, Pol
1775 - R B Sheridan's "Rivals," premieres in London
1779 - Captain Cook's last notation in ship's log Discovery
1799 - Maltese patriot Dun Mikiel Xerri, along with a number of other patriots, was executed.
1821 - Mexico permits Moses Austin & 300 US families to settle in Texas, after his death leaves to son Stephen
1827 - Duke of Wellington appointed British supreme commander
1832 - Johannes van den Bosch appointed gov-gen of Dutch-Indies
Founder of Texas Stephen F. AustinFounder of Texas Stephen F. Austin 1852 - British recognize independence of Transvaal (in South Africa)
1861 - Flush toilet patented by Mr Thomas Crapper
1862 - -Jan 22nd) BBT Ft Henry, TN by USS Lexington
1863 - Civil War skirmish near Newtown, Virginia
1864 - General longstreet's command ends heavy fighting at Dandridgem TN
1871 - 1st cable car patented, by Andrew S Hallidie (begins service in 1873)
1873 - A group of Modoc warriors defeat the United States Army in the First Battle of the Stronghold, a part of the Modoc War.
1874 - Armed Democrats seize Texas government ending Radical Reconstruction
Confederate General James LongstreetConfederate General James Longstreet 1882 - 1st Dutch female physician Aletta Jacobs opens office
1885 - Brits beat Mahdists at Battle of Abu Klea in Sudan
1893 - -17°F (-27°C), Millsboro, Delaware (state record)
1893 - Queen Liliuokalani deposed, Kingdom of Hawaii becomes a republic
1895 - French president Casimir-Perier resigns
1895 - Félix Faure installed as president of France
1899 - US takes possession of Wake Island in Pacific
1904 - Anton Chekhov's "Cherry Orchard" opens at Moscow Art Theater
1905 - Punchboards patented by Charles Brewer & C G Scannell, Chicago
1911 - Failed assassination attempt on premier Briand in French Assembly
Author and playwright Anton ChekhovAuthor and playwright Anton Chekhov 1911 - Percy Mackaye's "Scarecrow," premieres in NYC
1912 - Robert Scott expedition arrives at South Pole, 1 month after Amundsen
1913 - Raymond Poincaré elected president of France
1914 - Gerhart Hauptmann's "Der Bogen des Odysseus," premieres in Berlin
1915 - Antoni van Leeuwenhoek's Hospital in Amsterdam opens
1915 - Russia occupies Bukovina & Western Ukraine
1916 - 1st PGA Championship: Jim Barnes at Siwanoy CC Bronxville NY
1916 - Professional Golfer Association (PGA) forms in NYC
1917 - US pays Denmark $25 million for Virgin Islands (or 3/21)
1920 - Paul Deschanel elected president of France
Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart HauptmannAuthor and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann 1920 - First day Prohibition comes into effect in the US as a result of the 18th amendment
1923 - Belgian Working people Party protest against occupied Ruhrgebied
1923 - Origin of Brown lunation numbers
1928 - 1st fully automatic photographic film developing machine patented
1929 - Popeye makes 1st appearance, in comic strip "Thimble Theater"
1933 - Bradman takes second Test wicket, Hammond, bowled
1934 - Carl Hubbell, NL MVP winner, gets $18,000 contract by the NY Giants
1934 - Electric Home & Farm Authority incorporated
1934 - NY Giants reward MVP pitcher Carl Hubbell with $18,000 contract
1938 - Supreme Soviet elects Michail Kalinin as presidium chairman
1939 - Ed Barrow is elected Yankee president succeeding deceased J Ruppert
1941 - Kuomintang forces under orders from Chiang Kai-Shek open fire at communist forces, resuming the Chinese Civil War after World War II.
1943 - Tin Can Drive Day
1944 - Korvet Violet sinks U-641 in Atlantic Ocean
1945 - Auschwitz concentration camp begins evacuation
1945 - Gilbert Dodds, record miler (4:05.3), retires to do gospel work
1945 - The devastated city of Warsaw is cleared of German resistance by the Russians and a Polish unit fighting with them
1945 - Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg, credited with saving tens of thousands of Jews from the Nazis, arrested by secret police in Hungary
1946 - United Nations Security Council holds its 1st meeting
1947 - Muiden Neth ammunition factory explodes, 16 die
1948 - Netherlands & Indonesia agree to a cease fire
1948 - Trial of 11 US Communist party members begins in NYC
1949 - The Goldbergs, the first sitcom on American television, first airs.
1950 - "Alive & Kicking" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 46 perfs
1950 - The Great Brinks Robbery - 11 men rob $1.2M cash & $1.5M securities from armored car company Brink's offices in Boston, Massachusetts
1951 - China refuses ceases-fire in Korea
Oceanographer, Explorer and Scientist Jacques CousteauOceanographer, Explorer and Scientist Jacques Cousteau 1954 - Jacques Cousteau's 1st network telecast airs on "Omnibus" (CBS)
1954 - NFL Pro Bowl: East beats West 20-9
1954 - Suggs Louise wins LPGA Sea Island Golf Open (Cloister)
1955 - Submarine Nautilus begins 1st nuclear-powered test voyage
1957 - 9-county commission recommends creation of BART
1959 - "Say, Darling" closes at ANTA Theater NYC after 332 performances
1960 - Mickey Wright wins LPGA Sea Island Women's Golf Invitational
1960 - NFL Pro Bowl: West beats East 38-21
1961 - Eisenhower allegedly orders assassination of Congo's Lumumba
1961 - President Dwight D. Eisenhower delivers a televised farewell address to the nation three days before leaving office, in which he warns against the accumulation of power by the "military-industrial complex".
1962 - A NASA civilian pilot Neil A Armstrong takes X-15 to 40,690 m
1962 - Roy Harris' 8th Symphony, premieres in SF
1963 - Joe Walker takes X-15 to altitude of 82 km
1963 - Wilt Chamberlain of NBA SF Warriors scores 67 points vs LA
1966 - B-52/KC-135 tankers crash near Spanish coast at Palomares, 7 die
Clergyman and Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.Clergyman and Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr. 1966 - Martin Luther King Jr. opens campaign in Chicago
1969 - Debut album of Led Zeppelin released in US
1969 - Soyuz 5 lands
1970 - 357 baseball players are available in the free-agent draft
1970 - AFL Pro Bowl: West beats East 26-3
1970 - John M Burgess installed as bishop of Protestant Episcopals (Mass)
1970 - Sporting News names Willie Mays as Player of the Decade for the 1960s
1971 - Super Bowl V: Balt Colts-16, Dallas Cowboys-13 in Miami Super Bowl MVP: Chuck Howley, Dallas, LB
1972 - Section of Memphis' Highway 51 South renamed Elvis Presley Blvd
1973 - City of Amsterdam decides to support Hanoi

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 287

1342 - Philip, the Bold, duke of Burgundy
1463 - Frederick III, the Wise, elector of Saxony (1486-25), protector Luther
1484 - George Spalatin, German reformer (d. 1545)
1501 - Leonhard Fuchs, Germany, botanist (History of Plants)
1504 - Pius V, [Antonio Ghislieri] saint, pope (1566-72)
1517 - Antonio Scandello, Italian composer (Passion of Johannes)
1545 - Antonio Pace, composer
1560 - Gaspard Bauhin, Swiss botanist (d. 1624)
1574 - Robert Fludd, composer
1600 - Calderon, writer
1612 - Thomas Fairfax, Lord Fairfax, English Parliamentary general
1657 - Pieter van Bloemen, [Standaart], Flemish painter, baptized
1659 - Antonio Veracini, composer
1683 - Gerard van Loon, Dutch historian
1686 - Archibald Bower, Scottish historian (d. 1766)
United States Founding Father Benjamin FranklinUnited States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin (1706) 1706 - Benjamin Franklin, Boston, Mass, kite flyer/statesman/wit/inventor, (d. 1790)
1712 - John Stanley, composer
1719 - Jean-Joseph Vade, composer
1719 - William Vernon, American merchant (d. 1806)
1728 - Johann Gottfried Muthel, composer
1732 - Stanislaw II August Poniatowski, last king of Poland (1764-95)
1733 - Thomas Linley, composer
1734 - Francois-Joseph Gossec, Belgian-French composer (Les Pêcheurs, Mirza)
1745 - Nicolas Roze, composer
1759 - Paul Cuffe, Mass, merchant/shipbuilder/black nationalist
1761 - James Hall, Scotland, geologist
1769 - Ole Andreas Lindeman, composer
1771 - Charles Brockden Brown, father of American novel (Wieland)
1789 - August Neander, German theologian (d. 1850)
1806 - James Madison Randolph, (Jefferson's grandson) 1st born in White House
1814 - Ellen Wood, English author (East Lynne, Pomeroy Abbey)
1818 - Antoine Dorion, (L) joint premier of Canada (1858, 1863-64)
1820 - Anne Bronte, English novelist/poet (Tenant of Wildfell Hall)
1828 - Lewis Addison Grant, Bvt Mjr General (Union volunteers), died in 1918
1828 - Eduard Remenyi, Hungarian violinist (d. 1898)
1831 - Archduchess Elisabeth Franziska of Austria (d. 1903)
1834 - Wilhelmina J R Albregt-Engelman, Dutch actress/daughter of Mimi Bia
1834 - August Weismann, German biologist (d. 1914)
1835 - Antanas Baranauskas, Lithuanian bishop/poet/dialectologist
1835 - Johan Filip von Schantz, composer
1836 - Jose Silvestre de los Dolores White Lafitte, composer
1842 - Anton G van Hamel, founder (Roman Philology in Netherlands)
1845 - Lucas Lindeboom, Dutch vicar/evangelist (Vredebond)
1850 - Alexander Sergeyevich Taneyev, St Petersburg Russia, composer
1851 - A. B. Frost, American illustrator (d. 1928)
1853 - Alva Belmont, American socialite & suffragette (d. 1933)
1857 - Eugene Augustin Lauste, developer (1st sound-on-film recording)
1857 - Wilhelm Kienzl, Austrian composer (Evangelimann)
1858 - Tomas Carrasquilla, Colombian author (Frutos de mi Tierra)
1860 - Douglas Hyde, President of Ireland (d. 1949)
1862 - John E Akkeringa, Dutch painter/etcher
1863 - David Lloyd George, (L-PM-Britain, 1916-22)
1863 - Henry Charles Tonking, composer
1863 - Konstantin S Stanislavski, Russia, director (Stanislavski Method)
1864 - Lucien Herr, France, scientist (Corresp entre Schiller et Schiller)
1865 - Gen Sir Charles Fergusson, Governor-General of New Zealand (d. 1951)
1867 - Carl Laemmle, German-born film executive (d. 1939)
British Admiral of the Fleet David BeattyBritish Admiral of the Fleet David Beatty (1871) 1871 - David Beatty, Nantwich, Cheshire, 1st Earl Beatty and British Admiral of the Fleet
1873 - Francois Rasse, composer
1875 - Florencio Sánchez, Uruguayan dramatist (d. 1910)
1876 - Olga Fastrova, writer
1876 - Frank Hague, American politician (d. 1956)
1877 - Hans Jelmoli, composer
1877 - May Gibbs, Australian children's author (d. 1969)
1878 - Oscar Apfel, Cleve, actor (Abraham Lincoln, Inspiration, Before Dawn)
1880 - Mack Sennett, movie creator (Keystone Kops)
1881 - Alfred R Radcliffe-Browne, British anthropologist (Andaman Islanders)
1881 - Antoni Łomnicki, Polish mathematician (d. 1941)
1882 - Noah Beery, Smithville AR, actor (Story of Esther, Mark of Zorro)
Businessman, Gambler, and Mobster Arnold RothsteinBusinessman, Gambler, and Mobster Arnold Rothstein (1882) 1882 - Arnold Rothstein, New York City New York, American gambler and mobster (fixed 1919 World Series)
1885 - E Ball-Hennings, writer
1885 - Joseph Arendt, Belgian worker's union leader
1886 - Glenn Luther Martin, aviator (Collier Trophy-1933)
1886 - Ronald Firbank, London, novelist (Flower Beneath the Foot)
1887 - Ola Raknes, Norwegian psychoanalyst and philologist (d. 1975)
1891 - Marjorie Gateson, Brooklyn New York, American actress (One Man's Family)
1891 - Norman "Squab" Read, US aviator who lived to be 101
1891 - Walter Eucken, German economist
1896 - Harry Reser, Ohio, orchestra leader (Sammy Kaye Show)
1897 - Nils Asther, Malmö Sweden, actor (Bluebeard, Night Monster)
1897 - Marcel Petiot, French mass murderer (d. 1946)
Gangster Al CaponeGangster Al Capone (1899) 1899 - Al Capone, Brooklyn New York, American gangster (Chicago bootlegging)
1899 - Nevil Shute [Norway], London, novelist (On the Beach, Town Like Alice)
1899 - Robert Maynard Hutchins, US, educator/civil libertarian
1899 - Roel [Martinus F] Houwink, Dutch literary (1 Man Without Character)
1900 - Olga Maria Nicolis di Robilant, patron of the arts
1901 - Vasily Petrovich Shirinsky, composer
1901 - Aron Gurwitsch, Lithuanian-born philosopher (d. 1973)
1902 - Geoffrey W Lloyd, British minister of Brandstoffen/Energy (1951-55)
1903 - Warren Hull, Gasport NY, actor (Strike it Rich, Who in the World)
1903 - Jyoti Prasad Agarwala, Assamese poet, playwright, film maker (d. 1953)
1904 - Grant Withers, Pueblo CO, actor (Oklahoma, Annie)
1904 - Patsy Ruth Miller, actress (Quebec, Wide Open, Sap, Twin Beds)
1905 - Franz Schmid, Germany, ascended northside of Matterhorn (1931)
1905 - Guillermo Stábile, Argentine footballer (d. 1966)
1905 - Ray Cunningham, American baseball player (d. 2005)
1907 - Henk H Badings, Bandung Indonesia, Dutch opera composer (Orestes)
1908 - Akkineni LV Lakshmi Varaprasada Rao Prasad, producer
1908 - Cus D'Amato, American boxing manager (d. 1985)
1910 - Edith S Green, (Rep-D-Ore)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 5 of 5

Roman Emperor Augustus CaesarRoman Emperor Augustus Caesar (38 BC) 38 BC - Roman Republican Leader Octavian, later Augustus 1st Roman Emperor, marries Livia Drusilla.
1827 - Religious leader Joseph Smith Jr (21) weds church group movement leader Emma Smith (22) in South Bainbridge, New York
1926 - George Burns marries Gracie Allen
1946 - Actor John Wayne (38) weds actress Esperanza Baur in Long Beach, California
1988 - Publisher Bob Guccione (57) weds actress Katherine Keeton (48)

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 152

395 - Theodosius I, the Great, Spanish emperor of Rome, dies at 49
1103 - Frutolf, German monk/musicologist/historian, dies
1119 - Boudouin VII Hapkin, count of Flanders, dies
1229 - Albert, Bishop of Riga/Albert of Buxhoeveden, founder of the Livonian Brothers of the Sword, dies at about 68
1369 - King Peter I of Cyprus (murdered) (b. 1328)
1468 - Skanderbeg, Albanian leader (b. 1405)
1598 - Fyodor I Tsar of Russia (b. 1557)
1604 - Santino Garsi, composer, dies at 61
1617 - Pieter C Bockenberg, Dutch historian, dies at 68
1617 - Faust Vrančić, Croatian inventor (b. 1551)
1620 - Diego Alvarez de Paz, Span missionary/writer (Peru), dies at about 59
1625 - Nicolo Rubini, composer, dies at 50
1654 - Paul Potter, Dutch painter, buried
1661 - Andres Malong, Philippines rebel leader, executed
1676 - Pier Francesco Cavalli, Italian opera composer, dies at 73
1702 - Thomas Franklin, English smith/uncle of B Franklin, dies [OS=Jan 6]
1705 - John Ray, English naturalist (b. 1627)
1718 - Captain Benjamin Church, Plymouth Colony settler and military leader
1737 - Matthäus Daniel Pöppelmann, German architect (b. 1662)
1738 - Jean-Francois Dandrieu, composer, dies
1750 - Tomaso Albinioni, Italian composer (Adagio in G Minor), dies at 78
1781 - Marie de Negre Dables, marquess, dies
1788 - Alessio Prati, composer, dies at 37
1805 - Abraham-Hyacinthe Anquetil du Perron, French interpreter, dies at 73
1820 - Daniel W Wyttenbach, Dutch classicist/historian, dies at 73
1823 - Zacharius Werner, German playwright, dies at 36
1826 - Juan Crisóstomo Arriaga, Spanish composer (b. 1806)
1830 - W Waiblinger, writer, dies
1833 - James Ball Antyne, Scot founder (Ball Antyne Press), dies at about 60
1833 - William Rush, Indians sculptor (Spirit of the Schuylkill), dies
1834 - Giovanni Aldini, Italian physicist (b. 1762)
1856 - Thomas Attwood Walmisley, composer, dies at 41
1861 - Lola Montez, Irish-born adventurer (b. 1821)
1863 - E J Horace Vernet, French painter, dies at 73
1869 - Alexander Sergeyevich Dargomyzhsky, composer, dies at 55
1874 - Chang & Eng Bunker, Chinese/Thai Siamese twins, dies at 62
1884 - Hermann Schlegel, German ornithologist (b. 1804)
1887 - William Giblin, Premier of Tasmania (b. 1840)
1889 - Juan Montalvo, Ecuadorian author (Siete Tratados), dies at 56
1890 - Salomon Sulzer, composer, dies at 85
1891 - Johannes Josephus Hermanus Verhulst, composer, dies at 74
1891 - George Bancroft, American historian and father of U.S. History, dies at 90
1892 - Alexandre Levy, composer, dies at 27
1893 - Rutherford B Hayes, 19th US Pres (1877-81), dies in Fremont Ohio at 70
1901 - Jacob G Agarah, Swedish algologist, dies at 87
1902 - Gideon Scheepers, South Africa Boer leader, executed
1903 - Ignaz Wechselmann, Hungarian architect and philanthropist (b. 1828)
1908 - Ferdinand IV SMJJBFLGRRJ, ruler of Toscane, dies at 72
1909 - Sir Francis Smith, Premier of Tasmania (b. 1819
1910 - Thomas Crapper, inventor (flush toilet), dies
1910 - Wilhelm F Kohlrausch, Germ physicist (Additiviteitsregel), dies at 69
1911 - Francis Galton, English scholar, dies at 88
1913 - Carl Baermann, composer, dies at 73
1917 - Hendrik Goeman Borgesius, Dutch politician, dies at 70
1927 - Juliette Gordon Low, American founder of the Girl Scouts of the USA, dies of breast cancer at 66
1932 - Albert Jacka, VC, Australian soldier (b. 1893)
1933 - John Hodges, cricketer (6 wickets in Australia's 1st two Tests), dies
1933 - Louis Comfort Tiffany, American artist and designer (b. 1848)
1936 - Mateiu Caragiale, Romanian author (b. 1885)
1938 - William H Pickering, astronomer (predicted Pluto), dies at 79
1941 - Jose Leite de Vasconcelos, Portuguese scholar (Etnografia), dies at 82
1942 - Frederick Jerome Work, composer, dies at 61
1942 - Walther von Reichenau, German field marshal (b. 1884)
1946 - Gottfried Rudinger, composer, dies at 59
1947 - Pyotr Krasnov, Russian counter-revolutionary (b. 1869)
1947 - Jean-Marie-Rodrigue Villeneuve, French Archbishop of Quebec (b. 1883)
1952 - Walter O "Spike" Briggs, owner (Det Tigers), dies at 74
1955 - J A Veraart, economist, dies at 68
1955 - Joannes A Veraart, Dut judge/MP, (Jews in Neth), dies at 68
1959 - Abdul Aziz, cricket, dies at 17 struck by ball in fc match for Karachi
1961 - Patrice Lumumba, African revolutionary, murdered at 36
1962 - Gerrit Achterberg, Dutch poet (Dead End), dies at 56
1964 - Terence Hanbury White, novelist (England Have My Bones), dies at 57
1964 - T.H. White, English author of the King Arthur novels, dies of heart failure at 57
1966 - Vincent J Donehue, director (Lonelyhearts), dies of Hodgkin's at 50
1967 - Evelyn Nesbit, actress (Redemption), dies at 82
1968 - Julis Deutsch, Austria politician/general Spanish rep army, dies at 83
1969 - Grazyna Bacewicz, composer, dies at 59
1970 - Billy Stewart, singer (I Do Love You), dies in auto-accident at 32
1970 - Simon Kovar, Russian-American bassoonist (b. 1890)
1972 - Rochelle Hudson, actress (That's My Boy), dies at 55
1972 - Betty Smith, American writer and singer (b. 1896)
1973 - Fred Essler, actor (Unsinkable Molly Brown), dies at 77
1976 - Ad Verhoeven, soccer player (Xerxes/Sparta), dies in auto-accident
1977 - Gary Gilmore, executed in Utah, 1st US execution since 1967
1980 - Barbara Britton, actress (Pamela-Mr & Mrs North), dies at 59
1981 - Loukas Panourgias, Greek footballer (b. 1899)
1983 - Doodles Weaver, actor/comedian (Ring of Fire), shoots himself at 71
1987 - Hugo Fregonese, Argentine film director (b. 1908)
1989 - Sterling A Brown, US poet/critic (Southern Road), dies at 87
1990 - Charles Hernu, French minister of Defense (1981-85), dies
1991 - Olav AFEC van Sleeswijk-Holstein-S-G V, king of Norway (1957), dies
1992 - Bill Walker, actor (Big Mo, Mask, Harlem Globetrotters), dies at 95
1992 - Charlie Ventura, jazz sax (Bop for the people), dies at 75 of cancer
1992 - Dorothy Alison, actress (Maggie, 3rd Key, Long Arm), dies
1992 - Frank Pullen, English businessman and racehorse owner (b. 1915)
1993 - Ger ter Horst, Dutch soccer trainer (Sparta), dies
1993 - Albert Hourani, English historian (b. 1915)
1994 - Allan G Odell, Ad exec (Burma Shave), dies at 90
1994 - Chung Il Kwon, PM of S Korea (1964-70), dies

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