This Day in History for 20th January

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 182

250 - St Fabian ends his reign as Catholic Pope (236-50)
820 - Book of mother, published
1045 - Giovanni di Sabina elected Pope Sylvester III
1156 - According to legend, freeholder Lalli slays English crusader Bishop Henry with an axe on the ice of lake Köyliönjärvi in Finland.
1265 - 1st English Parliament called into session by Earl of Leicester
1320 - Duke Wladyslaw Lokietek becomes king of Poland
1356 - Edward Balliol abdicates as King of Scots.
1502 - The present-day location of Rio de Janeiro is first explored.
1503 - Casa Contratacion (Board of Trade) found (Spain) to deal with American affairs
1513 - Christian II succeeds Johan I as Danish/Norwegian king
1523 - Christian II is forced to abdicate as King of Denmark and Norway.
1576 - The Mexican city of León is founded by order of the viceroy Don Martín Enríquez de Almansa.
1613 - Peace of Knarodends War of Kalmar between Denmark & Sweden
1648 - Cornerstone of Amsterdam townhall laid
1667 - Treaty of Andrussovo-ends 13 year war between Poland & Russia
1778 - 1st American military court martial trial begins, Cambridge, Mass
1781 - 1st edition of Pieter It Hoens "Post of Neder-Rhijn" published
1783 - Hostilities cease in Revolutionary War
1785 - Samuel Ellis advertises to sell Oyster Island (Ellis Is), no takers
1788 - Pioneer African Baptist church organizes in Savannah, Ga
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States John MarshallChief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States John Marshall 1801 - John Marshall appointed US chief justice
1807 - Napoleon convenes great Sanhedrin, Paris
1809 - 1st US geology book published by William Maclure
1839 - In the Battle of Yungay, Chile defeats a Peruvian and Bolivian alliance.
1840 - Dumont D'Urville discovers Adélie Land, Antarctica
1840 - Dutch King Willem II crowned
1841 - China cedes Hong Kong to the British during the 1st Opium War
1850 - Investigator, 1st ship to effect northwest passage, leaves England
1860 - Dutch troops conquer Watampone in Celebes
1866 - Prim's Insurrection in Spain ends
1868 - Florida constitutional convention meets in Tallahassee
1869 - Elizabeth Cady Stanton becomes 1st woman to testify before US Congress
Women's Rights Activist Elizabeth Cady StantonWomen's Rights Activist Elizabeth Cady Stanton 1870 - "City of Boston" vanishes at sea with all 177 aboard
1870 - Hiram R. Revels elected to fill unexpired term of Jefferson Davis
1872 - California Stock Exchange Board organized
1879 - British troops under Lord Chelmsford set camp at Isandlwana
1883 - Billy Barnes takes a hat-trick, England v Aust MCG
1887 - US Senate approves naval base lease of Pearl Harbor
1892 - 1st basketball game played (Mass)
1905 - The US begins supervision of the Dominican Republic's national and international debts, testing Roosevelt's 'Corollary' to the Monroe Doctrine
1910 - Ottawa Senators sweep Edmonton in 2 for Stanley Cup (2nd of 1910)
Minister and US Senator Hiram R. RevelsMinister and US Senator Hiram R. Revels 1914 - The first group of Transvaal Indian women satyagrahis are released from Pietermaritzburg Prison in South Africa after three months imprisonment
1920 - Dutch 2nd Chamber passes school laws
1920 - The American Civil Liberties Union is founded.
1921 - British submarine K5 leaves with man & mouse
1921 - Dagestan ASSR forms in RSFSR
1921 - Mountain Autonomous Republic established in RSFSR
1921 - Turkey declared in remnants of Ottoman Empire
1922 - Arthur Honegger's ballet "Skating Rink" premieres, Paris
1925 - USSR & Japan sign treaty of Peking, Seychelles back to USSR
1926 - 2nd German government of Luther begins
1929 - 1st feature talking motion picture taken outdoors, "In Old Arizona"
1930 - 1st radio broadcast of "Lone Ranger" (WXYZ-Detroit)
1934 - Japan sends Henry Pu Yi as regent to emperor of Manchuria
King of Great Britain Edward VIIIKing of Great Britain Edward VIII 1936 - Edward VIII succeeds British king George V
1937 - -45°F (-43°C), Boca, California (state record)
1937 - 1st US Presidential Inauguration day held on Jan 20th, (previously March 4th)
1939 - Charles Ives' 1st Sonate "Concord," premieres
1941 - Bela Bartok's 6th string quartet, premieres in NYC
1942 - Japanese air raid on Rabaul New Britain
1942 - Japanese invade Burma
1942 - Nazi officials hold notorious Wannsee conference in Berlin to organise the "final solution", the extermination of Europe's Jews
1943 - Lead SD, temp is 52°F, while 1.5 miles away Deadwood SD records -16°F
1943 - Operation-Weiss: Assault of German, Italian, Bulgarian & Croatian
1944 - RAF drops 2300 ton bombs on Berlin
32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt 1945 - Franklin D. Roosevelt sworn-in for an unprecedented 4th term as US President
1945 - The Hungarian Provisional Government concludes an armistice with the USSR, US, and Britain, agree to pay reparations and to join the war against Germany
1946 - F Gouin follows De Gaulle as temporary leader of French government
1947 - Brigadier General Edwin K Wright, USA, becomes deputy director of CIA
1949 - J. Edgar Hoover gives Shirley Temple a tear gas fountain pen
1949 - Pres Harry Truman announces his point 4 program
1950 - "Dance Me a Song" opens at Royale Theater NYC for 35 performances
33rd US President Harry Truman33rd US President Harry Truman 1950 - Suriname becomes independent part in Realm of Netherlands
1952 - British army occupies Ismailiya, Suez Canal Zone
1952 - Louise Suggs wins LPGA Tampa Golf Open
1953 - 1st US telecast transmitted to Canada-from Buffalo NY
1953 - 1st live coast-to-coast inauguration address (Eisenhower)
1954 - -70°F (-57°C), Rogers Pass, Montana (US 48 state record)
1954 - Dmitri Sjostakovitsj' "Concertino opus 94," premieres
1954 - The National Negro Network is established with 40 charter member radio stations.
1955 - 1st atomic sub, USS Nautilus, launched at Groton Conn
Singer-songwriter Buddy HollySinger-songwriter Buddy Holly 1956 - Buddy Holly records "Blue Days Black Night" in Nashville
1957 - Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Tampa Golf Open
1957 - Gomulka wins Poland's parliamentary election
1957 - Morton Gould's "Declaration," premieres in Washington, DC
1958 - Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Tampa Golf Open
1958 - KUED TV channel 7 in Salt Lake City, UT (PBS) begins broadcasting
1959 - Dmitri Sjostakovitsj' Moscow-Tsjerjomoesjki, premieres in Moscow
1960 - Patrice Lumumba sentenced to 6 months in Belgian Congo
1961 - Arthur M Ramsay becomes archbishop of Canterbury
LPGA Golfer Betsy RawlsLPGA Golfer Betsy Rawls 1961 - Francis Poulenc's "Gloria," premieres in Boston
1961 - Robert Frost recites "Gift Outright" at JFK's inauguration
1961 - Yugoslav ex-vice-president Milovan Djilas flees
1962 - "Kean" closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 92 performances
1964 - "Meet The Beatles" album released in US
1965 - Beatles appear on Shindig (ABC-TV)
1965 - Byrds record "Mr Tambourine Man"
1965 - JPL proposes modified Apollo flight to fly around Mars & return
1965 - Generalissimo Francisco Franco meets with Jewish representatives to discuss legitimizing Jewish communities in Spain
Spanish Dictator and General Francisco FrancoSpanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco 1968 - Houston ends UCLA's 47-game basketball winning streak, 71-69

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 253

225 - Gordian III, Roman Emperor (d. 244)
1292 - Elisabeth I of Bohemia (d. 1330)
1358 - Eleanor of Aragon, wife of John I of Castile (d. 1382)
1435 - Ashikaga Yoshimasa, Japanese shogun (d. 1490)
1554 - King Sebastian of Portugal (d. 1578)
1586 - Johann Hermann Schein, German composer (Fontana d'Israel)
1622 - Susanna van Baerle, Dutch poet/wife of Geeraert Burns
1654 - Michiel de Swaen, South Netherland physician/poet
1664 - Giovanni Vincenzo Gravina, Italian writer and jurist (d. 1718)
1681 - Francesco Bartolomeo Conti, composer
1703 - Joseph-Hector Fiocco, composer
1716 - Carlos III, king of Naples/Spain (1759-88) Pompei/Jesuits
1716 - King Charles III of Spain (d. 1788)
1716 - Jean-Jacques Barthélemy, French writer and numismatist (d. 1795)
1732 - Richard H Lee, US farmer (signed Declaration of Independence)
1743 - Pascal Boyer, composer
1761 - Giovanni Domenico Perotti, composer
1762 - Jerome-Joseph de Momigny, composer
1763 - Theobald Wolfe Tone, Irish patriot
1775 - André-Marie Ampère, French physicist (d. 1836)
1781 - Joseph Hormayr Freiherr zu Hortenburg, Austrian politician (d. 1848)
1782 - Johan B J F S, archduke of Austria
1783 - Justus Johann Friedrich Dotzauer, German cellist and composer (d. 1860)
1798 - Anson Jones, 5th and last President of Texas (d. 1858)
1804 - Eugène Sue, French novelist (d. 1857)
1806 - Nathaniel Willis, writer/editor/founder (American Monthly Mag)
1809 - Sebastian de Iradier, Spanish composer (La Paloma)
1812 - Ralph Pomeroy Buckland, Bvt Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), died in 1892
1812 - Thomas Meik, Scottish engineer (d. 1896)
1813 - Jacon Gartner Lauman, Bvt Mjr General (Union volunteers), died in 1867
1820 - Anne Jemima Clough, England, promoted higher education for women
1831 - Pieter J Joubert, general (South Africa)
1834 - George D. Robinson, 34th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1896)
1837 - David Josiah Brewer, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (d. 1910)
1843 - Pierre-Paul Cambon, French diplomat (Madrid, Constantinople, London)
1844 - Johan Peter Selmer, composer
1847 - W R Pettiford, Founder (Alabama Penny Savings Bank)
1855 - Amedee-Ernest Chausson, composer
1865 - Friedrich A H von Waldeck, brother of queen Emma/last ruler of Waldeck
1866 - Richard Le Gallienne, English writer (Maker of Gainborg)
1867 - Yvette Guilbert, French singer and actress (d. 1944)
1870 - Guillaume Jean Joseph Nicolas Lekeu, composer
1873 - Charles A Ellwood, US, sociologist/psychologist
1873 - Johannes V Jensen, Denmark, novelist/poet (Energy Storage, Nobel 1944)
1876 - Józef Hofmann, Polish pianist (d. 1967)
1877 - Ruth St Denis, Newark NJ, ballerina (Dances of the 5 Senses)
1878 - Finlay Currie, Scotland, actor (Quo Vadis, Ivanhoe, Avengers)
1880 - Walter W. Bacon, American politician (d. 1962)
1883 - Betram Home Ramsay, English admiral/Commander Allied Naval Forces
1884 - A[braham P] Merritt, US, sci-fi author (Moon Pool, Creep Shadow!)
Blues Musician Lead BellyBlues Musician Lead Belly (1888) 1888 - Lead Belly, Louisiana, blues 12 string guitarist (Rock Island Line), (d. 1949)
1889 - Allan Haines Loughead, American aviation executive (d. 1969)
1891 - Mischa Elman, Talnoye Ukraine, US violinist
1892 - Roscoe Ates, Grange Miss, actor (Dep Roscoe-Marshal of Gunsight Pass)
1893 - Kaj Birket-Smith, Danish etnologist/anthropologist (Eskimos)
1893 - Georg Åberg, Swedish athlete (d. 1946)
1894 - Harold L Gray, creator (Little Orphan Annie)
1894 - Walter Hamor Piston, Rockland Maine, composer (Incredible Flutis)
1895 - Eva A Jessye, US singer/actress/songwriter (Hallelujah)
1896 - Elmer R Diktonius, Finnish musicologist/author (Janne Kubik)
1896 - George Burns, [Nathan Birnbaum], NYC, actor/comedian (Oh God)
1896 - Rolfe Sedan, NYC, actor (Mailman-George Burns Show)
1896 - Isabel Withers, American actress (d. 1968)
1897 - Mae Busch, Australian/US actress (Cowboy Socialist)
1898 - Colin Clive, [Greig], St Malo France, actor (Bride of Frankenstein)
1898 - U Razak, Burmese politician (d. 1947)
1899 - Alexander Tcherepnin, composer
1899 - Kenjiro Takayanagi, VP (JVC)
1900 - Boris Semyonovich Shekhter, composer
1900 - Doris Deane, WI, entertainer
1900 - Colin Clive, British actor (d. 1937)
1903 - Leon Ames, Portland Indiana, actor (Mr Ed, Father of the Bride)
1903 - Sybil Marion Rosenfeld, theatre historian
1904 - Alexandra Danilova, Peterhof Russia, ballerina (Turning Point)
1904 - Renato Caccioppoli, Italian mathematician/grandson of Bakunin
1904 - Theodore Brameld, author/educator (Use of Explosive Ideas)
1907 - Roy Welensky, Premier (Rhodesia/Nyasaland 1956-63)
1908 - Ian Peebles, cricketer (Scottish leg-spinner, England 1927-31)
1908 - Paula Wessely, Austrian actress/producer (Masquerade)
1908 - Wilfred Conwell Bain, composer
1910 - Abram Hill, director/playwright/founder (American Negro Theater)
1910 - Ennio Porrino, composer
Naturalist and Author Joy AdamsonNaturalist and Author Joy Adamson (1910) 1910 - Joy Adamson, (born Friederike Viktoria Gessner) Troppau Austria-Hungary, naturalist/author (Born Free)
1910 - Lauritz Lauritzen, German politician
1910 - Nina Verchinina, dancer choreographer/teacher
1912 - Christopher Casson, Irish actor (Zardoz, Educating Rita)
1912 - Walter Briggs, Jr., American sports executive (d. 1970)
1914 - Wensley Pithey, Cape Town South Africa, actor (Winston Churchill-Ike)
1915 - C W Ceram, [Kurt W Marek], German/US writer (March of Archaeology)
1915 - Joe Hitchcock, darts player (leader of St Dunstan's Four)
1915 - Ghulam Ishaq Khan, President of Pakistan (d. 2006)
1916 - Jopie [Johan A] Pengel, premier of Suriname (1963-69)
1916 - Walter Bartley, biochemist
1919 - Alex Nicol, Ossining NY, actor (Man From Laramie, Air Cadet)
1919 - Royalton Kisch, British(?) conductor
1919 - Stepan Lucky, composer
1920 - DeForest Kelley, Atlanta GA, actor (Dr McCoy-Star Trek)
1920 - Peter Clemoes, anglo-Saxon scholar
1920 - Richard John Copeland Atkinson, archaeologist
1920 - Sam M Gibbons, (Rep-D-FL, 1963- )

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 4 of 4

1382 - King Richard II of England marries Anne of Bohemia and daughter of the Holy Roman Emperor at Westminster Abbey. Anne died of plague in 1394.
1800 - Napoleon I's sister Carolina marries King Joachim Murat of Naples
Actress and Murder Victim Sharon TateActress and Murder Victim Sharon Tate (1968) 1968 - Actress Sharon Tate (24) weds actor/director Roman Polanski (34) in Chelsea, London
2001 - "Fast Lane" actor Peter Facinelli (27) weds actress and director Jennie Garth (28) at Our Lady of Mount Carmel Church in Montecito, California

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 124

250 - Fabianus, Pope (236-50)/saint, dies
287 - St. Sebastian
820 - Muslim jurist Abu Abdallah M ibn Idris al-Sjafi'i, dies
842 - Theophilus, Byzantine kaiser (829-42), dies
882 - Louis II/III the Younger, German king (876-82), dies
1156 - Bishop Henry, patron saint of Finland
1191 - Frederick VI, Duke of Swabia (b. 1167)
1479 - John II, king of Aragon/Navarra, dies at 81
1569 - Miles Coverdale, English bible translator Great bible, dies at 80
1612 - Rudolf II von Habsburg, emperor of Germany (1576-1612), dies at 59
1639 - Mustapha I, sultan of Turkey (1622-23), dies
1666 - Anna of Austria, queen of France/daughter of Philip III, dies at 64
1691 - Christian de Placker, composer, dies at 77
1707 - Humphrey Hody, English theologian (b. 1659)
1709 - François de la Chaise, French confessor of Louis XIV of France (b. 1624)
1713 - Pavao Vitezovic, Croatian historian, dies
1727 - John van Bylevelt, Catholic apostole, dies
1739 - Francesco Galli-Bibiena, Italian architect/designer (b. 1659)
1745 - Charles VII Albert, German emperor (1742-45), dies at 47
1751 - John Hervey, 1st Earl of Bristol, English politician (b. 1665)
1770 - Charles Yorke, Lord Chancellor of Great Britain (b. 1722)
1779 - John Burman, Dutch botanist/director (botanical gardens), dies at 71
1779 - David Garrick, English actor (b. 1717)
1789 - Johann Christoph Oley, composer, dies at 50
1798 - Christian Cannabich, German composer/royal chaplain master, dies at 66
1810 - Benjamin Chew, Chief Justice of colonial Pennsylvania (b. 1722)
1813 - C M Wieland, writer, dies at 79
1819 - Carlos IV, King of Spain (1788-1808), dies at 70
1830 - Michal Bogdanowicz, composer, dies at 50
1837 - John Soane, English architect (Book of Designs), dies at 84
1838 - Pierre-Louis Hus-Desforges, composer, dies at 64
1848 - Christian VIII of Denmark (b. 1786)
1850 - Adam Oehlenschläger, Danish poet (b. 1779)
1857 - Edward Francis Fitzwilliam, composer, dies at 32
1859 - B v Arnim, writer, dies at 73
1859 - Bettina Brentano, composer, dies at 73
1862 - Felix Zollicoffer, Gen killed after mistakenly riding into Union lines
1873 - The Venerable Father Basil Anthony Marie Moreau, Founder of the Congregation of Holy Cross (b. 1799)
1875 - Jean-François Millet, French painter (b. 1814)
1882 - John Linnell, British painter/minaturist/engraver, dies
1890 - Franz Paul Lachner, composer, dies at 86
1891 - David Kalakahua, emperor of Hawaii, dies
1896 - Heinrich M von Battenberg, German son-in-law of Victoria, dies at 37
1900 - John Ruskin, English writer (Dearest Mama Talbot), dies of flu at 81
1900 - Richard D Blackmore, English novelist (Lorna Doone), dies at 74
1901 - Zénobe Gramme, Belgian engineer (b. 1826)
1905 - Stanislaw Pilinski, composer, dies at 65
1914 - Emil Liebling, composer, dies at 62
1914 - Henry Southwick Perkins, composer, dies at 80
1920 - Georg Lurich, Estonian wrestler (b. 1876)
King of the United Kingdom George VKing of the United Kingdom George V (1936) 1936 - George V, King of Britain (1910-36), dies at 70
1940 - Omar Bundy, U.S. army general (b. 1861)
1943 - Giacomo Benvenuti, composer, dies at 57
1944 - James McKeen Cattell, American psychologist (b. 1860)
1947 - Josh Gibson, Negro League slugger, dies of a brain tumor at age 35
1949 - Josephus T J Cuypers, architect (Amsterdam Stock Exchange), dies at 87
1952 - Arthur Farwell, composer, dies at 74
1954 - Fred Root, cricketer (England pace bowler in 3 Tests v Aus 1926), dies
1954 - Warren Bardsley, cricketer (41 Tests for Australia, 2469 runs), dies
1957 - James Connolly, 1st Oly winner (1896) since Barasdates (369 CE), dies
1959 - Carl Switzer, actor (Alfalfa-Our Gang), shot to death at 31
1960 - Matt Moore, actor (Deluge, Coquette), dies at 72
1962 - Robinson Jeffers, poet/playwright (Dear Judas), dies at 75
1964 - Jan Rychlik, composer, dies at 47
1965 - Alan Freed, DJ (Big Beat), dies at 42
1971 - Gilbert M Anderson, actor (1st Movie Cowboy), dies at 88
1973 - Amilcar L Cabral, fought for Guinea Bissau independence, murdered 51
1973 - Lorenz Böhler, Austrian physician (b. 1885)
1974 - Edmund Blunden, British poet/critic, dies at 77
1975 - Franz Andre, Belgian conductor, dies at 81
1979 - Gustav Winckler, Danish singer (b. 1925)
1982 - Marc Demeyer, Belgian cyclist (Paris-Brus 1974), dies at 31[or 1/19]
1983 - Garrincha, Brazilian footballer (b. 1933)
1984 - Johnny Weissmuller, US swimmer (Olympics-5 gold-1924, 28), dies at 79
1985 - Jo Juda, Dutch musician, dies at 75
1987 - Tom Dollery, cricketer (4 Tests for Eng 1947-50), dies
1988 - Philippe de Rothschild, Bordeaux Vineyard manager, dies in Paris at 86
1988 - Dora Stratou, Greek choreographer and folklorist (b. 1903)
1989 - Beatrice Lillie, actress (Thoroughly Modern Millie), dies at 94
1989 - Alamgir Kabir, Bangladeshi film director (b. 1938)
1990 - Barbara Stanwyck, [Ruby Stevens], actress (Big Valley), dies at 82
1990 - Miloslav Istvan, composer, dies at 61
1990 - Naruhito Higashi-Kuni, Japanese PM (1945), dies
1990 - Hayedeh, Persian singer (b. 1942)
1991 - Bill Riordon, US tennis promotor (Jimmy Connors), dies
1991 - Louis Seigner, actor (Eclipse, Special Section), dies in a fire at 87
1992 - Muhammad Abd al-Khaliq Hassuna, sec-gen of Arab League (1952-72), dies
Actress Audrey HepburnActress Audrey Hepburn (1993) 1993 - Audrey Hepburn, actress (Roman Holiday), dies of colon cancer at 63
1993 - Joseph Anthony [Deuster], US director/actor (Rainmaker), dies at 80
1993 - Mercer McCleod, entertainer, dies of heart failure at 86
1994 - Jaramogi Oginga Odinga, Kenyan vice-pres (1963-66), dies at about 81
1994 - Matt Busby, Scottish soccer coach (Manchester United), dies at 84
1995 - John Halas, Hungarian/US cartoonist (Animal Farm), dies at 81
1995 - Mehdi Bazargan, director Iranian oil corp/premier (1979), dies at 86
1995 - Robert Shaw, town Planner, dies at 81
1996 - Buster Benton, singer/guitarist, dies at 63
1996 - David Robin Francis Guy Greville, 8th Duke of Warwick, dies at 61
1996 - Ellis Hillman, politician, dies at 68
1996 - Gerald Joseph Mulligan, baritone saxophonist/composer, dies at 68
1996 - Liesbeth Askonas, concert agent, dies at 83

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