This Day in History for 20th January

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 178

250 - St Fabian ends his reign as Catholic Pope (236-50)
820 - Book of mother, published
1045 - Giovanni di Sabina elected Pope Sylvester III
1156 - According to legend, freeholder Lalli slays English crusader Bishop Henry with an axe on the ice of lake Köyliönjärvi in Finland.
1265 - 1st English Parliament called into session by Earl of Leicester
1320 - Duke Wladyslaw Lokietek becomes king of Poland
1356 - Edward Balliol abdicates as King of Scots.
1502 - The present-day location of Rio de Janeiro is first explored.
1503 - Casa Contratacion (Board of Trade) found (Spain) to deal with American affairs
1513 - Christian II succeeds Johan I as Danish/Norwegian king
1523 - Christian II is forced to abdicate as King of Denmark and Norway.
1576 - The Mexican city of León is founded by order of the viceroy Don Martín Enríquez de Almansa.
1613 - Peace of Knarodends War of Kalmar between Denmark & Sweden
1648 - Cornerstone of Amsterdam townhall laid
1667 - Treaty of Andrussovo-ends 13 year war between Poland & Russia
1778 - 1st American military court martial trial begins, Cambridge, Mass
1781 - 1st edition of Pieter It Hoens "Post of Neder-Rhijn" published
1783 - Hostilities cease in Revolutionary War
1785 - Samuel Ellis advertises to sell Oyster Island (Ellis Is), no takers
1788 - Pioneer African Baptist church organizes in Savannah, Ga
1801 - John Marshall appointed US chief justice
1807 - Napoleon convenes great Sanhedrin, Paris
1809 - 1st US geology book published by William Maclure
1839 - In the Battle of Yungay, Chile defeats a Peruvian and Bolivian alliance.
1840 - Dumont D'Urville discovers Adélie Land, Antarctica
1840 - Dutch King Willem II crowned
1841 - China cedes Hong Kong to British
1850 - Investigator, 1st ship to effect northwest passage, leaves England
1860 - Dutch troops conquer Watampone in Celebes
1866 - Prim's Insurrection in Spain ends
1868 - Florida constitutional convention meets in Tallahassee
Women's Rights Activist Elizabeth Cady StantonWomen's Rights Activist Elizabeth Cady Stanton 1869 - Elizabeth Cady Stanton becomes 1st woman to testify before US Congress
1870 - "City of Boston" vanishes at sea with all 177 aboard
1870 - Hiram R. Revels elected to fill unexpired term of Jefferson Davis
1872 - California Stock Exchange Board organized
1879 - British troops under Lord Chelmsford set camp at Isandlwana
1883 - Billy Barnes takes a hat-trick, England v Aust MCG
1887 - US Senate approves naval base lease of Pearl Harbor
1892 - 1st basketball game played (Mass)
1910 - Ottawa Senators sweep Edmonton in 2 for Stanley Cup (2nd of 1910)
1920 - Dutch 2nd Chamber passes school laws
1920 - The American Civil Liberties Union is founded.
1921 - British submarine K5 leaves with man & mouse
1921 - Dagestan ASSR forms in RSFSR
1921 - Mountain Autonomous Republic established in RSFSR
1921 - Turkey declared in remnants of Ottoman Empire
Minister and US Senator Hiram R. RevelsMinister and US Senator Hiram R. Revels 1922 - Arthur Honegger's ballet "Skating Rink" premieres, Paris
1925 - USSR & Japan sign treaty of Peking, Seychelles back to USSR
1926 - 2nd German government of Luther begins
1929 - 1st feature talking motion picture taken outdoors, "In Old Arizona"
1930 - 1st radio broadcast of "Lone Ranger" (WXYZ-Detroit)
1934 - Japan sends Henry Pu Yi as regent to emperor of Manchuria
1936 - Edward VIII succeeds British king George V
1937 - -45°F (-43°C), Boca, California (state record)
1937 - 1st Inauguration day on Jan 20th, (held every 4th years there-after)
1939 - Charles Ives' 1st Sonate "Concord," premieres
1939 - Hitler proclaims to German parliament to exterminate all European Jews
1941 - Bela Bartok's 6th string quartet, premieres in NYC
1942 - Japanese air raid on Rabaul New Britain
1942 - Japanese invade Burma
1942 - Nazi officials hold notorious Wannsee conference in Berlin deciding on "final solution" calling for extermination of Europe's Jews
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf HitlerDictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler 1943 - Lead SD, temp is 52°F, while 1.5 miles away Deadwood SD records -16°F
1943 - Operation-Weiss: Assault of German, Italian, Bulgarian & Croatian
1944 - RAF drops 2300 ton bombs on Berlin
1945 - FDR sworn-in for an unprecedented 4th term as president
1945 - Hungary ends its involvement in the Second World War, agreeing to an armistice with the Allies.
1946 - F Gouin follows De Gaulle as temporary leader of French government
1947 - Brigadier General Edwin K Wright, USA, becomes deputy director of CIA
1949 - J. Edgar Hoover gives Shirley Temple a tear gas fountain pen
1949 - Pres Harry Truman announces his point 4 program
1950 - "Dance Me a Song" opens at Royale Theater NYC for 35 performances
1950 - Suriname becomes independent part in Realm of Netherlands
1952 - British army occupies Ismailiya, Suez Canal Zone
1952 - Louise Suggs wins LPGA Tampa Golf Open
1953 - 1st US telecast transmitted to Canada-from Buffalo NY
1953 - 1st live coast-to-coast inauguration address (Eisenhower)
33rd US President Harry Truman33rd US President Harry Truman 1954 - -70°F (-57°C), Rogers Pass, Montana (US 48 state record)
1954 - Dmitri Sjostakovitsj' "Concertino opus 94," premieres
1954 - The National Negro Network is established with 40 charter member radio stations.
1955 - 1st atomic sub, USS Nautilus, launched at Groton Conn
1956 - Buddy Holly records "Blue Days Black Night" in Nashville
1957 - Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Tampa Golf Open
1957 - Gomulka wins Poland's parliamentary election
1957 - Morton Gould's "Declaration," premieres in Washington, DC
1958 - Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Tampa Golf Open
1958 - KUED TV channel 7 in Salt Lake City, UT (PBS) begins broadcasting
1959 - Dmitri Sjostakovitsj' Moscow-Tsjerjomoesjki, premieres in Moscow
1960 - Patrice Lumumba sentenced to 6 months in Belgian Congo
1961 - Arthur M Ramsay becomes archbishop of Canterbury
1961 - Francis Poulenc's "Gloria," premieres in Boston
1961 - Robert Frost recites "Gift Outright" at JFK's inauguration
Poet Robert FrostPoet Robert Frost 1961 - Yugoslav ex-vice-president Milovan Djilas flees
1962 - "Kean" closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 92 performances
1964 - "Meet The Beatles" album released in US
1965 - Beatles appear on Shindig (ABC-TV)
1965 - Byrds record "Mr Tambourine Man"
1965 - JPL proposes modified Apollo flight to fly around Mars & return
1965 - Generalissimo Francisco Franco meets with Jewish representatives to discuss legitimizing Jewish communities in Spain
1968 - Houston ends UCLA's 47-game basketball winning streak, 71-69
1968 - US female Figure Skating championship won by Peggy Fleming

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 253

225 - Gordian III, Roman Emperor (d. 244)
1292 - Elisabeth I of Bohemia (d. 1330)
1358 - Eleanor of Aragon, wife of John I of Castile (d. 1382)
1435 - Ashikaga Yoshimasa, Japanese shogun (d. 1490)
1554 - King Sebastian of Portugal (d. 1578)
1586 - Johann Hermann Schein, German composer (Fontana d'Israel)
1622 - Susanna van Baerle, Dutch poet/wife of Geeraert Burns
1654 - Michiel de Swaen, South Netherland physician/poet
1664 - Giovanni Vincenzo Gravina, Italian writer and jurist (d. 1718)
1681 - Francesco Bartolomeo Conti, composer
1703 - Joseph-Hector Fiocco, composer
1716 - Carlos III, king of Naples/Spain (1759-88) Pompei/Jesuits
1716 - King Charles III of Spain (d. 1788)
1716 - Jean-Jacques Barthélemy, French writer and numismatist (d. 1795)
1732 - Richard H Lee, US farmer (signed Declaration of Independence)
1743 - Pascal Boyer, composer
1761 - Giovanni Domenico Perotti, composer
1762 - Jerome-Joseph de Momigny, composer
1763 - Theobald Wolfe Tone, Irish patriot
1775 - André-Marie Ampère, French physicist (d. 1836)
1781 - Joseph Hormayr Freiherr zu Hortenburg, Austrian politician (d. 1848)
1782 - Johan B J F S, archduke of Austria
1783 - Justus Johann Friedrich Dotzauer, German cellist and composer (d. 1860)
1798 - Anson Jones, 5th and last President of Texas (d. 1858)
1804 - Eugène Sue, French novelist (d. 1857)
1806 - Nathaniel Willis, writer/editor/founder (American Monthly Mag)
1809 - Sebastian de Iradier, Spanish composer (La Paloma)
1812 - Ralph Pomeroy Buckland, Bvt Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), died in 1892
1812 - Thomas Meik, Scottish engineer (d. 1896)
1813 - Jacon Gartner Lauman, Bvt Mjr General (Union volunteers), died in 1867
1820 - Anne Jemima Clough, England, promoted higher education for women
1831 - Pieter J Joubert, general (South Africa)
1834 - George D. Robinson, 34th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1896)
1837 - David Josiah Brewer, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (d. 1910)
1843 - Pierre-Paul Cambon, French diplomat (Madrid, Constantinople, London)
1844 - Johan Peter Selmer, composer
1847 - W R Pettiford, Founder (Alabama Penny Savings Bank)
1855 - Amedee-Ernest Chausson, composer
1865 - Friedrich A H von Waldeck, brother of queen Emma/last ruler of Waldeck
1866 - Richard Le Gallienne, English writer (Maker of Gainborg)
1867 - Yvette Guilbert, French singer and actress (d. 1944)
1870 - Guillaume Jean Joseph Nicolas Lekeu, composer
1873 - Charles A Ellwood, US, sociologist/psychologist
1873 - Johannes V Jensen, Denmark, novelist/poet (Energy Storage, Nobel 1944)
1876 - Józef Hofmann, Polish pianist (d. 1967)
1877 - Ruth St Denis, Newark NJ, ballerina (Dances of the 5 Senses)
1878 - Finlay Currie, Scotland, actor (Quo Vadis, Ivanhoe, Avengers)
1880 - Walter W. Bacon, American politician (d. 1962)
1883 - Betram Home Ramsay, English admiral/Commander Allied Naval Forces
1884 - A[braham P] Merritt, US, sci-fi author (Moon Pool, Creep Shadow!)
Blues Musician Lead BellyBlues Musician Lead Belly (1888) 1888 - Lead Belly, Louisiana, blues 12 string guitarist (Rock Island Line), (d. 1949)
1889 - Allan Haines Loughead, American aviation executive (d. 1969)
1891 - Mischa Elman, Talnoye Ukraine, US violinist
1892 - Roscoe Ates, Grange Miss, actor (Dep Roscoe-Marshal of Gunsight Pass)
1893 - Kaj Birket-Smith, Danish etnologist/anthropologist (Eskimos)
1893 - Georg Åberg, Swedish athlete (d. 1946)
1894 - Harold L Gray, creator (Little Orphan Annie)
1894 - Walter Hamor Piston, Rockland Maine, composer (Incredible Flutis)
1895 - Eva A Jessye, US singer/actress/songwriter (Hallelujah)
1896 - Elmer R Diktonius, Finnish musicologist/author (Janne Kubik)
1896 - George Burns, [Nathan Birnbaum], NYC, actor/comedian (Oh God)
1896 - Rolfe Sedan, NYC, actor (Mailman-George Burns Show)
1896 - Isabel Withers, American actress (d. 1968)
1897 - Mae Busch, Australian/US actress (Cowboy Socialist)
1898 - Colin Clive, [Greig], St Malo France, actor (Bride of Frankenstein)
1898 - U Razak, Burmese politician (d. 1947)
1899 - Alexander Tcherepnin, composer
1899 - Kenjiro Takayanagi, VP (JVC)
1900 - Boris Semyonovich Shekhter, composer
1900 - Doris Deane, WI, entertainer
1900 - Colin Clive, British actor (d. 1937)
1903 - Leon Ames, Portland Indiana, actor (Mr Ed, Father of the Bride)
1903 - Sybil Marion Rosenfeld, theatre historian
1904 - Alexandra Danilova, Peterhof Russia, ballerina (Turning Point)
1904 - Renato Caccioppoli, Italian mathematician/grandson of Bakunin
1904 - Theodore Brameld, author/educator (Use of Explosive Ideas)
1907 - Roy Welensky, Premier (Rhodesia/Nyasaland 1956-63)
1908 - Ian Peebles, cricketer (Scottish leg-spinner, England 1927-31)
1908 - Paula Wessely, Austrian actress/producer (Masquerade)
1908 - Wilfred Conwell Bain, composer
1910 - Abram Hill, director/playwright/founder (American Negro Theater)
1910 - Ennio Porrino, composer
Naturalist and Author Joy AdamsonNaturalist and Author Joy Adamson (1910) 1910 - Joy Adamson, (born Friederike Viktoria Gessner) Troppau Austria-Hungary, naturalist/author (Born Free)
1910 - Lauritz Lauritzen, German politician
1910 - Nina Verchinina, dancer choreographer/teacher
1912 - Christopher Casson, Irish actor (Zardoz, Educating Rita)
1912 - Walter Briggs, Jr., American sports executive (d. 1970)
1914 - Wensley Pithey, Cape Town South Africa, actor (Winston Churchill-Ike)
1915 - C W Ceram, [Kurt W Marek], German/US writer (March of Archaeology)
1915 - Joe Hitchcock, darts player (leader of St Dunstan's Four)
1915 - Ghulam Ishaq Khan, President of Pakistan (d. 2006)
1916 - Jopie [Johan A] Pengel, premier of Suriname (1963-69)
1916 - Walter Bartley, biochemist
1919 - Alex Nicol, Ossining NY, actor (Man From Laramie, Air Cadet)
1919 - Royalton Kisch, British(?) conductor
1919 - Stepan Lucky, composer
1920 - DeForest Kelley, Atlanta GA, actor (Dr McCoy-Star Trek)
1920 - Peter Clemoes, anglo-Saxon scholar
1920 - Richard John Copeland Atkinson, archaeologist
1920 - Sam M Gibbons, (Rep-D-FL, 1963- )

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 3 of 3

1382 - King Richard II of England marries Anne of Bohemia and daughter of the Holy Roman Emperor at Westminster Abbey. Anne died of plague in 1394.
1800 - Napoleon I's sister Carolina marries King Joachim Murat of Naples
2001 - "Fast Lane" actor Peter Facinelli (27) weds actress and director Jennie Garth (28) at Our Lady of Mount Carmel Church in Montecito, California

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 125

250 - Fabianus, Pope (236-50)/saint, dies
287 - St. Sebastian
820 - Muslim jurist Abu Abdallah M ibn Idris al-Sjafi'i, dies
842 - Theophilus, Byzantine kaiser (829-42), dies
882 - Louis II/III the Younger, German king (876-82), dies
1156 - Bishop Henry, patron saint of Finland
1191 - Frederick VI, Duke of Swabia (b. 1167)
1479 - John II, king of Aragon/Navarra, dies at 81
1569 - Miles Coverdale, English bible translator Great bible, dies at 80
1612 - Rudolf II von Habsburg, emperor of Germany (1576-1612), dies at 59
1639 - Mustapha I, sultan of Turkey (1622-23), dies
1666 - Anna of Austria, queen of France/daughter of Philip III, dies at 64
1691 - Christian de Placker, composer, dies at 77
1707 - Humphrey Hody, English theologian (b. 1659)
1709 - François de la Chaise, French confessor of Louis XIV of France (b. 1624)
1713 - Pavao Vitezovic, Croatian historian, dies
1727 - John van Bylevelt, Catholic apostole, dies
1739 - Francesco Galli-Bibiena, Italian architect/designer (b. 1659)
1745 - Charles VII Albert, German emperor (1742-45), dies at 47
1751 - John Hervey, 1st Earl of Bristol, English politician (b. 1665)
1770 - Charles Yorke, Lord Chancellor of Great Britain (b. 1722)
1779 - John Burman, Dutch botanist/director (botanical gardens), dies at 71
1779 - David Garrick, English actor (b. 1717)
1789 - Johann Christoph Oley, composer, dies at 50
1798 - Christian Cannabich, German composer/royal chaplain master, dies at 66
1810 - Benjamin Chew, Chief Justice of colonial Pennsylvania (b. 1722)
1813 - C M Wieland, writer, dies at 79
1819 - Carlos IV, King of Spain (1788-1808), dies at 70
1830 - Michal Bogdanowicz, composer, dies at 50
1837 - John Soane, English architect (Book of Designs), dies at 84
1838 - Pierre-Louis Hus-Desforges, composer, dies at 64
1848 - Christian VIII of Denmark (b. 1786)
1850 - Adam Oehlenschläger, Danish poet (b. 1779)
1857 - Edward Francis Fitzwilliam, composer, dies at 32
1859 - B v Arnim, writer, dies at 73
1859 - Bettina Brentano, composer, dies at 73
1862 - Felix Zollicoffer, Gen killed after mistakenly riding into Union lines
1873 - The Venerable Father Basil Anthony Marie Moreau, Founder of the Congregation of Holy Cross (b. 1799)
1875 - Jean-François Millet, French painter (b. 1814)
1882 - John Linnell, British painter/minaturist/engraver, dies
1890 - Franz Paul Lachner, composer, dies at 86
1891 - David Kalakahua, emperor of Hawaii, dies
1896 - Heinrich M von Battenberg, German son-in-law of Victoria, dies at 37
1900 - John Ruskin, English writer (Dearest Mama Talbot), dies of flu at 81
1900 - Richard D Blackmore, English novelist (Lorna Doone), dies at 74
1901 - Zénobe Gramme, Belgian engineer (b. 1826)
1905 - Stanislaw Pilinski, composer, dies at 65
1914 - Emil Liebling, composer, dies at 62
1914 - Henry Southwick Perkins, composer, dies at 80
1920 - Georg Lurich, Estonian wrestler (b. 1876)
1936 - George V, King of Britain (1910-36), dies at 70
1936 - King George V of the United Kingdom (b. 1865)
1940 - Omar Bundy, U.S. army general (b. 1861)
1943 - Giacomo Benvenuti, composer, dies at 57
1944 - James McKeen Cattell, American psychologist (b. 1860)
1947 - Josh Gibson, Negro League slugger, dies of a brain tumor at age 35
1949 - Josephus T J Cuypers, architect (Amsterdam Stock Exchange), dies at 87
1952 - Arthur Farwell, composer, dies at 74
1954 - Fred Root, cricketer (England pace bowler in 3 Tests v Aus 1926), dies
1954 - Warren Bardsley, cricketer (41 Tests for Australia, 2469 runs), dies
1957 - James Connolly, 1st Oly winner (1896) since Barasdates (369 CE), dies
1959 - Carl Switzer, actor (Alfalfa-Our Gang), shot to death at 31
1960 - Matt Moore, actor (Deluge, Coquette), dies at 72
1962 - Robinson Jeffers, poet/playwright (Dear Judas), dies at 75
1964 - Jan Rychlik, composer, dies at 47
1965 - Alan Freed, DJ (Big Beat), dies at 42
1971 - Gilbert M Anderson, actor (1st Movie Cowboy), dies at 88
1973 - Amilcar L Cabral, fought for Guinea Bissau independence, murdered 51
1973 - Lorenz Böhler, Austrian physician (b. 1885)
1974 - Edmund Blunden, British poet/critic, dies at 77
1975 - Franz Andre, Belgian conductor, dies at 81
1979 - Gustav Winckler, Danish singer (b. 1925)
1982 - Marc Demeyer, Belgian cyclist (Paris-Brus 1974), dies at 31[or 1/19]
1983 - Garrincha, Brazilian footballer (b. 1933)
1984 - Johnny Weissmuller, US swimmer (Olympics-5 gold-1924, 28), dies at 79
1985 - Jo Juda, Dutch musician, dies at 75
1987 - Tom Dollery, cricketer (4 Tests for Eng 1947-50), dies
1988 - Philippe de Rothschild, Bordeaux Vineyard manager, dies in Paris at 86
1988 - Dora Stratou, Greek choreographer and folklorist (b. 1903)
1989 - Beatrice Lillie, actress (Thoroughly Modern Millie), dies at 94
1989 - Alamgir Kabir, Bangladeshi film director (b. 1938)
1990 - Barbara Stanwyck, [Ruby Stevens], actress (Big Valley), dies at 82
1990 - Miloslav Istvan, composer, dies at 61
1990 - Naruhito Higashi-Kuni, Japanese PM (1945), dies
1990 - Hayedeh, Persian singer (b. 1942)
1991 - Bill Riordon, US tennis promotor (Jimmy Connors), dies
1991 - Louis Seigner, actor (Eclipse, Special Section), dies in a fire at 87
1992 - Muhammad Abd al-Khaliq Hassuna, sec-gen of Arab League (1952-72), dies
Actress Audrey HepburnActress Audrey Hepburn (1993) 1993 - Audrey Hepburn, actress (Roman Holiday), dies of colon cancer at 63
1993 - Joseph Anthony [Deuster], US director/actor (Rainmaker), dies at 80
1993 - Mercer McCleod, entertainer, dies of heart failure at 86
1994 - Jaramogi Oginga Odinga, Kenyan vice-pres (1963-66), dies at about 81
1994 - Matt Busby, Scottish soccer coach (Manchester United), dies at 84
1995 - John Halas, Hungarian/US cartoonist (Animal Farm), dies at 81
1995 - Mehdi Bazargan, director Iranian oil corp/premier (1979), dies at 86
1995 - Robert Shaw, town Planner, dies at 81
1996 - Buster Benton, singer/guitarist, dies at 63
1996 - David Robin Francis Guy Greville, 8th Duke of Warwick, dies at 61
1996 - Ellis Hillman, politician, dies at 68
1996 - Gerald Joseph Mulligan, baritone saxophonist/composer, dies at 68

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