This Day in History for 21st January

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 182

1077 - German King Heinrich IV petitions Pope Gregory VII for forgiveness
1276 - Pierre de Tarantaise elected Pope Innocence V
1287 - The treaty of San Agayz is signed. Minorca is conquered by King Alfons III of Aragon.
1324 - Zen Buddhist religious debate between Tendai & Shingon
1522 - Head inquisitor Adrian Florisz Boeyens elected pope
1525 - The Swiss Anabaptist Movement is born when Conrad Grebel, Felix Manz, George Blaurock, and about a dozen others baptize each other in the home of Manz's mother in Zürich, breaking a thousand-year tradition of church-state union.
1542 - Parliament passes bill of attainder against Queen Katherine Howard
1664 - Count Miklos of Zrinyi sets out to battle Turkish invasion army
1677 - 1st medical publication in America (pamphlet on smallpox), Boston
1732 - Russia & Persia sign Treaty of Riascha
1749 - The Verona Philharmonic Theatre was destroyed by fire. It was rebuilt in 1754.
1789 - 1st American novel, WH Brown's "Power of Sympathy," is published
1793 - Prussia & Russia sign partition treaty, dividing Poland.
1793 - Louis XVI of France is executed by the guillotine in Paris, following his conviction for high treason.
1813 - Pineapple introduced to Hawaii (or 01/111)
1818 - Keats writes his poem "On a Lock of Milton's Hair"
1821 - Paramaribo Suriname catches fire, 4 die
1824 - Ashantis defeat British at Accra, West Africa
1827 - Freedom Journal, 1st Black paper, begins publishing
1830 - Portsmouth (Ohio) blacks forcibly deported
Novelist Charles DickensNovelist Charles Dickens 1846 - 1st edition of Charles Dickens' "Daily News"
1853 - Envelope-folding machine patented by Russell Hawes, Worcester, Mass
1861 - Jefferson Davis of Mississippi and 4 other southern senators resign (U.S Civil War)
1863 - City of Dublin leases part of Cattle Market for 100,000 years
1864 - The Tauranga Campaign of the New Zealand Wars begins
1874 - Franz Grillparzer's "Libussa," premieres in Vienna
1879 - Henrik Ibsen's "Et Dukkehjem," premieres in Copenhagen
1880 - 1st US sewage disposal system separate from storm drains, Memphis, Tennessee
1887 - Amateur Athletic Union (AAU) forms
President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson DavisPresident of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis 1887 - Brisbane receives a daily rainfall of 465 millimetres (18.3 inches), a record for any Australian capital city.
1890 - 1st issue of Propria Cures, Amsterdam student-weekly newspaper
1893 - The Tati Concessions Land, formerly part of Matabeleland, was formally annexed to the Bechuanaland Protectorate which is now Botswana.
1894 - Oscar Fredriksen skates world record 500m in 47.8 sec
1899 - Opel manufactured its first automobile.
1900 - The second contingent of Canadian troops sails from Halifax to fight in South Africa against the Boers
1901 - Clyde Fitch's "Climbers," premieres in NYC
1903 - "Wizard of Oz," premieres in NYC
1903 - Harry Houdini escapes from Halvemaansteeg police station in Amsterdam
Magician & Escape Artist Harry HoudiniMagician & Escape Artist Harry Houdini 1903 - International Theater (Majestic, Park) opens at 5 Columbus Circle NYC
1904 - Leos Janacek's opera "Jenufa," premieres in Brno
1907 - Kenora Thistles sweep Mont Wanderers in 2 for Stanley Cup
1908 - August Strindberg's "Spoksonaten," premieres in Stockholm
1908 - NYC regulation makes it illegal for a woman to smoke in public
1910 - British-Russian military intervention in Persia
1913 - Aristide Briand forms French government
1915 - Kiwanis International founded in Detroit
1919 - Sinn Fein creates its own Free Irish parliament (dáil eireann) in Dublin, which brought about the Irish War of Independence.
1920 - 14th Davis Cup: Australasia beats Great Britain in Sydney (4-1)
1921 - The Italian Communist Party was founded at Livorno.
1922 - 1st slalom ski race run, Murren, Switzerland
1925 - Albanian parliament announces itself a republic; Ahmed Zogoe president
1926 - Belgian parliament accepts Locarno treaties
1927 - 1st national opera broadcast from a US opera house (Faust, Chicago)
1929 - Robert Sherriff's "Journey's End," premieres in London
1932 - USSR & Finland stop non-attack treaty
1935 - 12.0" (30.5 cm) of rain falls, Quinault RS, Wash (state record)
1935 - WFI-AM in Philadelphia Penn merges with WLIT as WFIL (now WEAZ)
1935 - Wilderness Society incorporated in USA
1938 - Dutch government starts obligatory unemployment insurance
Playwright Moss HartPlaywright Moss Hart 1939 - George Kaufman & Moss Hart's "American Way," premieres in NYC
1939 - US female Figure Skating championship won by Joan Tozzer
1939 - US male Figure Skating championship won by Robin Lee
1940 - Foreign correspondents in Netherlands subjected to censorship
1941 - 1st anti-Jewish measures in Bulgaria
1941 - 1st commercial extraction of magnesium from seawater, Freeport, TX
1941 - Australian and British troops attack Tobruk, Libya
1941 - British communist newspaper "Daily Worker" banned
1942 - Bronx magistrate rules all pinball machines illegal
1942 - Count Basie records "One O'Clock Jump"
1942 - Japanese air raid on Rabaul, New Britain
1942 - Tito's partisans occupy Foca
1943 - Soviet forces reconquer Worosjilowsk
1943 - Soviet forces reconquer Gumrak airport near Stalingrad
1943 - Admiral Sir Andrew Cunningham, Royal Navy, promoted to Admiral of the Fleet
1944 - 447 German bombers attack London
1944 - 649 British bombers attack Magdeburg
1945 - British troops land on Ramree, near coast of Burma
1946 - "Nellie Bly" opens at Adelphi Theater NYC for 16 performances
1947 - "Sweethearts" opens at Shubert Theater NYC for 288 performances
1947 - Arthur Honegger's 4th Symphony premieres in Basel
1948 - W Indies v England, Test debut Walcott, Weekes & Jim Laker
1949 - 1st inaugural parade televised (Harry Truman)
1950 - "Lend an Ear" closes at National Theater NYC after 460 performances
1950 - NY jury finds former State Dept official Alger Hiss guilty of perjury
Poet, Author and Nobel Laureate T. S. EliotPoet, Author and Nobel Laureate T. S. Eliot 1950 - T. S. Eliot's "Cocktail Party," premieres in NYC
1951 - Babe Didrikson-Zaharias wins LPGA Tampa Women's Golf Open
1952 - Nehru's Congress party wins general election in India
1953 - John Foster Dulles appointed as US Secretary of State
1954 - 1st gas turbine automobile exhibited (NYC)
1954 - USS Nautilus, the first nuclear-powered submarine, launched on the Thames, Connecticut.
1956 - "Comedy in Music (Victor Borge)" closes at Golden NYC after 849 perfs
1956 - William Shawn succeeds Harold Ross as editor of New Yorker
1957 - KSAT TV channel 12 in San Antonio, TX (ABC) begins broadcasting
1958 - KMOT TV channel 10 in Minot, ND (NBC) begins broadcasting
1958 - Phillies agree to televise 78 games into NYC (doesn't happen)
1960 - Little Joe 4 suborbital Mercury test reaches 16 km
1960 - Rock falls traps 437 at Coalbrook, South Africa; 417 die of methane poisoning
1961 - "Conquering Hero" closes at ANTA Theater NYC after 8 performances
1961 - KIFI TV channel 8 in Idaho Falls, ID (NBC) begins broadcasting
1961 - Portuguese rebels seize cruise ship Santa Maria

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 232

1338 - King Charles V, (Charles the Wise), of France (1364-80)
1571 - John I Pontanus, physicist/historian (Amsterdam)
1659 - Adriaen van der Werff, Dutch portrait painter/engraver/architect
1721 - James Murray, British military officer, governor of Quebec (d. 1794)
1735 - Johann Gottfried Eckard, composer
1743 - John Fitch, inventor (had a working steamboat years before Fulton)
1746 - Johann H Pestalozzi, Zurich Switz, educator (Leonard & Gertrude) [NS]
1751 - Josephus Andreas Fodor, composer
1759 - Johan Valckenaer, Dutch politician/patriot
1762 - Giuseppe Antonio Silvani, composer
1771 - Arnold A Buyskes, Dutch vice-admiral/colonial director
1775 - Manuel Garcia, composer
1792 - Tsjalling Hiddes Halbertsma, Fries story teller (Rhymes & Tales)
1796 - John Gelinde van Blom, Frisian notary/author
1801 - Ramon Vilanova y Barrera, composer
1804 - Eliza Roxcy Snow, American poet (d. 1887)
1814 - Thomas Attwood Walmisley, composer
1815 - Horace Wells, dentist (pioneered use of medical anethesia)
1815 - John Bingham, American politician and lawyer (d. 1900)
1821 - John Cabell Breckinridge, (D) 14th US VP (1857-61)/mjr-gen (Confed)
1823 - Alexandre Edouard Goria, composer
Confederate General Stonewall JacksonConfederate General Stonewall Jackson (1824) 1824 - Thomas Jackson ["Stonewall"], Clarksburg, Virginia, Lt Gen 2nd Corps (ANV, Confed), (d. 1863)
1825 - Imre Madách, Hungarian writer (d. 1864)
1827 - Ivan Mikheevich Pervushin, Russian mathematician (d. 1900)
1829 - Oscar II Frederik, King of Sweden (1872-1907)/Norway (-1905)/poet
1833 - Norman Willis, union leader (Britain's Trades Union Congress)
1840 - Sophia Louisa Jex-Blake, Hastings, English Physician and feminist who was one of the first female medical students at a British university
1848 - Henri Duparc, French composer
1855 - John M Browning, US, weapons manufacturer
1859 - Antoni Wincenty Rutkowski, composer
1860 - Karl Staaff, Prime Minister of Sweden (d. 1915)
1867 - James Marcus, New York, American actor (The Eagle, The Lonely Trail)
1867 - Maxime Weygard, French general/gov-gen (Algeria)
1867 - Willem C Royaards, Dutch theater director (Summer Games)
1867 - Ludwig Thoma, German writer (d. 1921)
1872 - Jonkhr Frans Beelaerts van Blokland, Dutch foreign minister
1875 - John Lindworsky, German jesuit/psychologist (Der Wille)
1875 - Paul E Kahle, Germany, professor of oriental studies
1878 - Egon Friedell, Austria, journalist/actor/writer (Der Partylowe)
1882 - Pavel Florensky, Russian mathematician (d. 1937)
1883 - Olav Aukrust, Norway, poet
1883 - Amang Rodriguez, Filipino politician (d. 1964)
1884 - Katie Sandwina, Germany, legendary woman weight-lifter
1884 - Roger Nash Baldwin, founder (American Civil Liberties Union)
1885 - Umberto Nobile, Italian general
1886 - Gustaaf Sap, Belgian minister of Finance/Economy
1887 - Alfred Henry Ackley, composer
NHL Goalie Georges VezinaNHL Goalie Georges Vezina (1887) 1887 - Georges Vezina, Chicoutimi Quebec, Canadian ice hockey goalie (Vezina Trophy)
1889 - Bert Collins, cricketer (Aussie batsman in the post WW I years)
1889 - Pitirim A Sorokin, Russian/US sociologist (Social mobility)
1891 - Francisco Lazaro, Portuguese runner
1891 - Nikolay Semyonovich Golovanov, composer
1891 - Timothy Mather Spelman, composer
1895 - Cristóbal Balenciaga, Spanish couturier (d. 1972)
1897 - J Carrol Naish, NYC, actor (Charlie Chan-Adv of Charlie Chan)
1897 - René Iché, French sculptor (d. 1954)
1898 - Avery Claflin, composer
1898 - John George, Syria, actor (Kolb-Adventures of Fu Manchu)
1901 - Ricardo Zamora, Spanish footballer (d. 1978)
1904 - Joseph Ford McGuinn, Brooklyn NY, actor (Dick Tracy's G-Men)
1904 - Richard P Blackmur, Mass, critic/poet (Good European)
Fashion Designer Christian DiorFashion Designer Christian Dior (1905) 1905 - Christian Dior, Normandy France, fashion designer (New Look)
1905 - Karl Wallenda, German acrobat (d. 1978)
1906 - Fred Fehl, Austrian/US Broadway photographer
1906 - John Putz, journalist
1906 - Igor Moiseyev, Russian choreographer (d. 2007)
1909 - Todor Skalovski, composer
1910 - Lord Cayzer, British financier/swcheeps magnate/multi-millionaire
1910 - Eua Sunthornsanan, Thai composer and bandleader (d. 1981)
1911 - Stanley William Reed, cineaste
1912 - Konrad Bloch, Germany, biochemist (studied cholesterol-Nobel 1964)
1915 - Alan Hewitt, NYC, actor (Det Brennan-My Favorite Martian)
1916 - [JW] Al James Woodie exander, songwriter/vocalist
1917 - Rohan Butler, historian
1918 - Geoffrey Dawes, physiologist
1918 - Richard D. Winters, American war hero
1918 - Chichay, Filipino actress (d. 1993)
1919 - Jinx Falkenburg, Barcelona Spain, actress (Masquerade Party)
1920 - Donald Cuthbert Coleman, economic historian
1920 - Errol Walton Barrow, PM of Barbados (DLP) (1966-76, 1986-87)
1920 - Torsten Nilsson, composer
1921 - Barney Clark, 1st to receive a permanent artificial heart
1921 - John Doucette, Brockton Mass, actor (Lock Up, Big Town)
1921 - Todor Popov, composer
1921 - Howard Unruh, American mass murderer
1922 - Jean P Vroom, Dutch sculptor
1922 - Paul Scofield, Hurst England, actor (Man for All Seasons, Train)
1922 - Telly Savalas, Garden City NJ, American actor (Kojak) (d. 1994)
1923 - Judith Merril, [Josephine Juliet Grossman], sci-fi writer
1924 - Benny Hill, Southampton England, comedian (Benny Hill Show)
1925 - Lola Flores, Cadiz Spain, singer/actress (Kuma Ching, Faraona)
1925 - Oswald "Ossie" Stevens Nock, railway writer
1926 - Franco Evangelisti, Italian composer
1926 - Paul Burke, New Orleans La, actor (Neal-Dynasty) [or Jul 21]
1926 - Raf Reymen, Flemish actor
1926 - Steve Reeves, Glasgow Montana, actor (Hercules, Hercules Unchained)
1926 - Brian Brockless, English organist (d. 1995)
1927 - Clive Churchill, Australian rugby league footballer (d. 1985)
1930 - Valentin Ignatyevich Filatyev, Russia, cosmonaut
1932 - Boris Shakhlin, Russia, gymnast (Olympic-gold-1956-60-64)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 2 of 2

Singer-Songwriter George HarrisonSinger-Songwriter George Harrison (1966) 1966 - Beatle George Harrison marries model Patti Boyd
1989 - "Falcon Crest" actor Lorenzo Lamas (31) weds actress Kathleen Kinmont (23) at the Graceland Wedding Chapel in Las Vegas

Famous Divorces

Divorces 1 - 1 of 1

2011 - Actress Jaime Pressly (35) divorces entertainment lawyer Simran Singh (33) due to irreconcilable differences after more than 1 year of marriage

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 136

304 - Saint Agnes (martyred) (b. 291)
879 - Boudouin with the Iron Arm, earl of Flanders, dies
917 - Erchanger, Duke of Swabia (c. 880)
1118 - Pope Paschal II, born Raniero (1099-1118) dies
1519 - Vasco Núñez de Balboa, Spanish explorer (b. 1475)
1527 - Juan de Grijalva, Spanish conquistador (c. 1489)
1546 - Azai Sukemasa, Japanese samurai and warlord (b. 1491)
1596 - John Ligarius, German theologist/prime minister, dies at 66
1609 - Joseph Justus Scaliger, French inventor of "Julian Period", dies at 68
1626 - John Dowland, English composer (In Darkness We Dwell), dies at 62
1638 - Ignazio Donati, Italian composer (c. 1570)
1665 - Domenico Mazzocchi, composer, dies at 72
1670 - Honorat de Brueil seigneur de Racan, French playwright, dies at 80
1683 - Anthony Ashley Cooper, 1st earl of Shaftesbury, dies at 61
1686 - Nicolas-Francois Blondel, French architect, dies
1699 - Obadiah Walker, English writer (b. 1616)
1704 - Willem B Schepers, Dutch merchant/ship owner, dies at about 83
1706 - Adrien Baillet, French scholar and critic (b. 1649)
1710 - Johann Georg Gichtel, German mystic (b. 1638)
1722 - Charles Paulet, 2nd Duke of Bolton, English supporter of William III of England (b. 1661)
1731 - Thomas Woolston, English theologian (b. 1669)
1746 - Gottfried Kirkhoff, composer, dies at 60
1766 - James Quin, English actor (b. 1693)
1773 - Alexis Piron, French writer (b. 1689)
1774 - Mustafa III, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1717). Reigns 1757 to 1774. Dies at 56
1793 - Louis XVI, French King (1774-93), beheaded during the French Revolution at 38
1795 - Samuel Wallis, English navigator (b. 1728)
1809 - Josiah Hornblower, American statesman (b. 1729)
1814 - Jacques-Henri Bernardin de Saint-Pierre, French writer and botanist (b. 1737)
1815 - M Claudius, writer, dies at 74
1823 - Cayetano José Rodríguez, Argentine cleric, journalist and poet (b. 1761)
1831 - Achim v Arnim, writer, dies at 49
1851 - Gustav Albert Lortzing, composer, dies at 49
1870 - Alexander Herzen, Russian writer (b. 1812)
1871 - John J Rochussen, gov-general of Neth-Indies (1845-51), dies at 73
1872 - Franz Grillparzer, Austrian playwright (Sappho/Libussa), dies at 81
1881 - Wilhelm Matthias Naeff, Swiss Federal Councilor (b. 1802)
1882 - Anton Emil Titl, composer, dies at 72
1883 - Jacopo Tomadini, composer, dies at 62
1884 - Auguste Franchomme, composer, dies at 75
1888 - Stephan Hale Alonzo Marsh, composer, dies at 83
1891 - Calixa Lavallee, composer, dies at 48
1892 - John Couch Adams, English co-discoverer of Neptune, dies
1894 - Guillaume Jean Joseph Nicolas Lekeu, composer, dies at 24
1901 - Elisha Gray, American inventor (b. 1835)
1903 - Hermanus J A M Schaepman, Dutch clergyman/politician, dies at 58
1914 - Theodor Kittelsen, Norwegian artist (b. 1857)
1919 - Gojong of Joseon, Emperor of Korea (b. 1852)
Marxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader Vladimir LeninMarxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader Vladimir Lenin (1924) 1924 - Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov Lenin, Russian Revolutionary leader and Premier, dies of a stroke at 53
1926 - Camillo Golgi, Italian physician and medical researcher (Nobel Prize in Medicine-1906), dies at 81
1927 - Floris H Verster, Dutch painter/cartoonist/etcher, dies at 65
1928 - George Goethals, American army engineer (b. 1858)
1931 - Felix Blumenfeld, composer, dies at 67
1932 - [Giles] Lytton Strachey, English biographer and critic, dies at 51
1933 - George A. Moore, Irish novelist (b. 1852)
1937 - Marie Prevost, Canadian actress (b. 1898)
1938 - George Melies, French early film maker (A Trip to the Moon) dies aged 76
1942 - Henryk Opienski, Polish composer/musicologist/conductor, dies at 72
Physician and Nobel Laureate Camillo GolgiPhysician and Nobel Laureate Camillo Golgi (1926) 1943 - Otakar Sini, composer, dies at 61
1944 - Gustaaf DFL Schamelhout, Flemish physician/writer, dies at 74
1944 - Heinrich zu Sayn-Wittgenstein, German major/pilot, shot down
1948 - Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari, composer, dies at 72
1950 - George Orwell, author (Animal Farm, 1984), dies in London at 46
1954 - Billy Jenkins, dies at 69
1955 - Maarten P Vrij, Dutch lawyer/criminologist/High Council, dies at 59
1955 - Archie Hahn, American athlete (b. 1880)
1956 - Sam Langford, Canadian boxer (b. 1883)
1957 - Arthur L Bowley, English statistician/economist, dies at 87
Writer George OrwellWriter George Orwell (1950) 1959 - Cecil B[lount] de Mille, producer (10 Commandments), dies at 77
1959 - Lamar Stringfield, composer, dies at 61
1959 - Cecil B. DeMille, American director (b. 1881)
1961 - John Joseph Becker, composer, dies a day before 75th birthday
1962 - Andre Lhote, French painter/art historian, dies at 76
1963 - Al St John, actor (Law & Order, Devil Riders), dies at 70
1963 - Franz Jung, writer, dies at 74
1964 - Joseph Schildkraut, actor (Cleopatra, Diary of Anne Frank), dies at 68
1965 - Harvey Zorbaugh, doctor/TV host (Play the Game), dies at 68
1967 - Ann Sheridan, actress (Pistols 'n' Petticoats), dies of cancer at 51
1968 - Will Lang Jr., American magazine executive (b. 1914)
1971 - Richard B Russell, (Sen-D-Ga), dies at 73
1974 - Jan Arends, Dutch poet/author, dies at 48
1974 - Ken Viljoen, cricketer (played 27 Tests for South Africa 1930-47), dies
1974 - Lewis L Strauss, head US Atomic Energy Comm (1953-58), dies at 78
1975 - Marie Lohr, actress (Pygmalion, Small Hotel, Escapade), dies at 84
1977 - John Vincent, composer, dies at 74
1977 - Zoltan Vasarhelyi, composer, dies at 76
1977 - Sandro Penna, Italian poet (b. 1906)
1978 - Freda Utley, British scholar and author. (b. 1898)
1981 - Allyn Joslyn, actor (They Won't Forget, Cafe Society), dies at 79
1981 - Norman Stronge, former Ulster Unionist Member of Parliament, assassinated by IRA alondside son James
1981 - James Stronge former Ulster Unionist Member of Parliament, assassinated by IRA, alondside his father Norman
1984 - Jackie Wilson, US singer (I Get the Sweetest Feeling), dies at 49
1984 - Giannis Skaribas, Greek writer, dramatist, and poet (b. 1893)
1985 - Barbara Cowsill, rocker (Cowsills), dies of emphysema
1985 - James Beard, American chef and author (b. 1903)
1985 - Eddie Graham, American professional wrestler and promoter (b. 1930)
1987 - Pieter G Buckinx, Flemish writer (7th Day), dies at 83
1987 - Charles Goodell, American politician (b. 1926)
1988 - Abraham Sofaer, actor (Naked Jungle, Elephant Walk), dies
1989 - Billy Tipton, American musician (b. 1914)

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