This Day in History for 23rd January

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 192

393 - Roman Emperor Theodosius I proclaims his nine year old son Honorius co-emperor.
909 - John of Rila aka Saint Ivan and the fable of two pies.
971 - In China, the war elephant corps of the Southern Han are soundly defeated at Shao by crossbow fire from Song Dynasty troops. The Southern Han state is forced to submit to the Song Dynasty, ending not only Southern Han rule, but also the first regular war elephant corps employed in a Chinese army that had gained the Southern Han victories throughout the 10th century.
1265 - 1st English Parliament formally convened (some authorities)
1368 - In a coronation ceremony, Zhu Yuanzhang ascends to the throne of China as the Hongwu Emperor, initiating Ming Dynasty rule over China that would last for three centuries.
1490 - 1st printing of Ramban's Sha'ar ha-Gemul
1546 - Having published nothing for eleven years, Francois Rabelais publishes the Tiers Livre, his sequel to Gargantua and Pantagruel.
1552 - 2nd version of Book of Common Prayer becomes manditory in England
1556 - Shaanxi Earthquake - deadliest ever recorded kills 830,000 in Shensi Province, China
1570 - Earl of Moray, regent of Scotland, assassinated; civil war breaks out
English Monarch Queen Elizabeth IEnglish Monarch Queen Elizabeth I 1571 - Queen Elizabeth I of England opens Royal Exchange in London
1579 - Union of Utrecht signed, forming protestant Dutch Republic
1631 - France & Sweden sign anti-German Treaty of Barwald
1637 - Dutch governor Johan Mauritius lands in Pernambuco Brazil
1643 - Sir Thomas Fairfax takes Leeds for Parliamentarians in English Civil War
1647 - Scottish Presbyterians sell captured Charles I to English parliament
1656 - Blaise Pascal publishes the first of his Lettres provinciales.
1663 - King Louis XIV affirms covenant with Rÿnstaten
The Sun King of France Louis XIVThe Sun King of France Louis XIV 1668 - England, Netherlands & Sweden signs Triple Alliance against French
1719 - Liechtenstein became a sovereign member state of the Holy Roman Empire.
1779 - Charles Messier catalogs M56 (globular cluster in Lyra)
1789 - Georgetown, 1st US Catholic college, founded
1793 - 2nd partition of Poland, between Prussia & Russia
1793 - Humane Society of Philadelphia (1st aid society) organized
1796 - Armand-Gaston Camus becomes chairman of Council of 500
1812 - 7.8 earthquake shakes New Madrid, Missouri
1833 - Joseph Pease, a Quaker, admitted to Parliament on his affirmation
1845 - Uniform US election day for president & VP authorized
Physician Elizabeth BlackwellPhysician Elizabeth Blackwell 1849 - Mrs Elizabeth Blackwell becomes 1st woman physician in US
1849 - Patent granted for an envelope-making machine
1855 - The first bridge over the Mississippi River opens in what is now Minneapolis, Minnesota, a crossing made today by the Father Louis Hennepin Bridge.
1856 - Steamer Pacific lost
1859 - Mauna Loa volcano in Hawaii begins an eruption that lasts 300 days
1862 - Agoston Haraszthy, 1st vintner in Sonoma Valley, California imports 10,000 grape vine cuttings
1865 - -Jan 25th) Battle of City Point, VA (James River, Trent's Reach)
1870 - 173 Blackfoot (140 women & children) killed in Montana by US Army
1879 - US National Archery Association forms (Crawfordsville, Ind)
Heart surgeon Daniel WilliamsHeart surgeon Daniel Williams 1889 - Daniel Williams forms Provident Hospital in Chicago
1894 - G W Bunbury of Dublin sets shorthand record of 250 wpm for 10 min
1896 - Edward Macdowell's 2nd Suite in E, premieres
1897 - Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Abbey Grange" (BG)
1897 - Elva Zona Heaster is found dead in Greenbrier County, West Virginia. The resulting murder trial of her husband is perhaps the only case in United States history where the alleged testimony of a ghost helped secure a conviction.
1899 - Emilio Aguinaldo is sworn in as President of the First Philippine Republic.
1902 - Winnipeg Victorias sweep Toronto Wellingtons in 2 for Stanley Cup
1904 - Ålesund Fire: the Norwegian coastal town Ålesund is devastated by fire, leaving 10,000 people homeless and one person dead. Kaiser Wilhelm II funds the rebuilding of the town in Jugendstil style.
1907 - Charles Curtis of Kansas becomes 1st Native American US senator
1908 - US & Great Britain demand end of abuses in Congo
1909 - 1st radio rescue at sea
1912 - The International Opium Convention is signed at The Hague.
1913 - The Young Turks lead a coup d'etat against the Turkish Government
1916 - Temp falls from 44°F (7°C) to -56°F (49°C) night of 23-24, Browning MT
1920 - Dutch refuse to turn over ex-kaiser Wilhelm I of Germany to allies
1923 - Taxi strike in Amsterdam begins (through March 9th)
1924 - Ramsey MacDonald forms 1st Labour government in Britain
1926 - Eugene O'Neill's "Great God Brown," premieres in NYC
1928 - "Abenteuer of brave Soldier Schwejk" premieres in Berlin
1930 - Clyde Tombaugh photographs planet Pluto
1930 - George Washington Birthplace National Monument, Va established
1930 - WIS-AM (now WOMG) in Columbia SC begins radio transmissions
1932 - El Salvador army kills 4,000 protesting farmers
1933 - 20th amendment ratified changed date of US presidential inaugurations to 1/20
1936 - Catholic People's Party (KVP) of Curacao forms
Soviet Union Premier Joseph StalinSoviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin 1937 - Karl Radek & 16 others go on trial in Stalin's great purge
1940 - Pianist Ignaz Paderewski becomes premier of Polish government in exile
1941 - Ground breaking for NACA (now NASA) Lewis Research Center
1941 - WOR-AM in Newark NJ moves to NYC
1942 - Japanese troops occupy Rabaul New Britain
1942 - Tank battle at Adzjedabia, Africa Korp vs British 8th army
1943 - 66.34 cm (26.12"), Hoegees Camp, California (state record)
1943 - British 8th army marches into Tripoli
1943 - Detroit Red Wings scores NHL record 8 goals in 1 period
1943 - Japanese Mount Austen on Guadalcanal captured
Jazz-orchestra leader, Composer, Pianist Duke EllingtonJazz-orchestra leader, Composer, Pianist Duke Ellington 1943 - Duke Ellington plays at Carnegie Hall in New York City for the first time.
1944 - Arnold Schoenberg's "Ode to Napoleon," premieres in NYC
1944 - Det Red Wings score 15 goals against NY Rangers & NHL record 37 points, also most consecutive goals & most lopsided game 15-0
1945 - Dutch Premier Gerbrandy, exiled in London, offers his resignation
1945 - World War II: Karl Dönitz launches Operation Hannibal.
1946 - Rear Admiral Sidney W Souers, USNR, becomes 1st director of CIA
1948 - Bradman scores 201 in 272 mins v India, 21 fours 1 six
1948 - Huston's "Treasure of Sierra Madre" starring Humphrey Bogart opens
Navy Commander Karl DönitzNavy Commander Karl Dönitz 1948 - Test debut of Neil Harvey, v India at Adelaide
1950 - 3rd edition of Joseph Kane's Famous 1st Facts published
1950 - AP picks "Miracle Braves" of 1914 as greatest sports upset
1950 - Israeli Knesset resolves Jerusalem is capital of Israel
1950 - NFL rule changes open way for 2-platoon system (offense & defense)
1950 - Rebel army of cap Raymond Westerner occupies Bandung
1951 - 3rd Emmy Awards: Alan Young Show, Alan Young & Gertrude Berg win
1953 - Bobby Simpson makes 1st-class debut for NSW 16 yrs 357 days
1953 - NFL Dallas Texans become Baltimore Colts (now Indianapolis Colts)
1953 - NFL's National & American conference become Eastern & Western conf
1954 - Harry van Thorn chosen chairman of Dutch KVP
1954 - Longest undefeated streak in Toronto Maple Leaf history (18 games)
1955 - Babe Didrikson-Zaharias wins LPGA Tampa Golf Open
1955 - KORK (now KVBC) TV channel 3 in Las Vegas, NV (NBC) 1st broadcast
1958 - "Body Beautiful" opens at Broadway Theater NYC for 60 performances
1958 - Dictator Marcos Perez Jiménez flees Venezuela, Larrazabal takes power
1958 - Hanif Mohammad completes 337 in 970 minutes v West Indies
1960 - Bathosphere "Trieste" reach bottom of Pacific (10,900 m)
1961 - Supreme Court rules cities & states have right to censor films
1961 - Venezuela adopts constitution

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 226

1350 - Vincent Ferrer, Spanish missionary and saint (d. 1419)
1574 - Lucas I Franchoys, Belgian painter
1582 - John Barclay, Scottish satirist/Latin poet (Argenis)
1688 - Queen Ulrika Eleonora of Sweden (d. 1741)
1719 - John Landen, English mathematician (d. 1790)
1730 - Joseph Hewes, US merchant (Declaration of Independence signer)
1737 - John Hancock, merchant/statesman, (1st to sign Declaration of Independence), (d. 1793), [o.s. 1936-01-12]
Statesman John HancockStatesman John Hancock (1737) 1745 - William Jessop, English canal engineer (d. 1814)
1752 - Muzio Clementi, Italian composer
1761 - Friedrich von Matthison, German poet (Adelaide)
1762 - Christian A Vulpius, Germany, writer (Rinaldo Rinaldini)
1783 - Stendhal, [Marie Henri Beyle], France, writer (Le Rouge et de Noir)
1785 - Carl A Agardh, Sweden, botanist/bishop of Karlstad
1786 - Auguste de Montferrand, French architect (d. 1858)
1809 - Veer Surendra Sai, Indian Freedom Fighter
1813 - Franz Commer, composer
1816 - Carl Herrmann, near Hanover Germany, stage magician
1820 - Alexander Nikoleyevich Serov, composer
1827 - Takamori Saigo, Samurai, leader of Satsuma rebellion (d. 1877)
1828 - Calvin Edward Pratt, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1896
1830 - Gaston AA Marquis de Gallifet, French general/min of War (1899-1900)
Impressionist painter Edouard ManetImpressionist painter Edouard Manet (1832) 1832 - Edouard Manet, Paris, French impressionist painter (Olympia, The Luncheon on the Grass), (d. 1883)
1833 - John Randolph Chambliss Jr, Brig Gen (Confederate Army), died in 1864
1837 - Amanda Berry Smith, American former slave, singer and evangelist
1840 - Ernst Abbe, Germany, physicist (Carl Zeiss Optics Company)
1843 - Hans Heinrich XIV Hochberg, composer
1855 - John Moses Browning, American inventor (d. 1926)
1857 - Andrija Mohorovicic, Croatian geologist (Moho discontinuity)
1862 - David Hilbert, Königsberg East Prussia, mathematician
1865 - Benjamin Delmonte, theater director/actor (Black Haired Whore)
1867 - Herbert Bedford, composer
1868 - Juventino Rosas, composer
1869 - Carlo Felice Boghen, composer
1869 - Herbert David Croly, US author (Promise of American Life)
1872 - Paul Langevin, French physicist (d. 1946)
1872 - Joze Plečnik, Slovenian architect (d. 1957)
1878 - Oton Zupancic, Slovenian poet (Zimzelen pod Snegom)
1878 - Rutland Boughton, composer
1884 - Ralph DePalma, Italian-American race car driver (d. 1956)
1885 - Boleslaw Wallek-Walewski, composer
1888 - Gilbert Ledward, British sculptor
1888 - Paul Peter Ewald, Berlin, German Crystallographer and Physicist who devised the theory of X-ray interference by crystals and pioneered X-ray diffraction methods, dies at 97
1889 - Franklin Pangborn, Newark, actor (My Best Gal, Hats Off, Easy Living)
1889 - Prosper Arents, Flemish bibliographer (Rubens-bibliography)
1891 - Antonio Gramsci, Italian philosopher/marxist theorist
1893 - Frank Carlson, (Gov/Rep/Sen-R-Ks)
1894 - Remy Angenot, Flemish actor (Patriot/Idiot)
1896 - Charlotte A E M W, grand duchess of Luxembourg (1919-64)
1897 - Subhas Chandra Bose, Indian politician
1897 - Sir William Samuel Stephenson, Canadian soldier, W.W.II codename, Intrepid. Inspiration for James Bond. (d. 1989)
1897 - Margarete Schütte-Lihotzky, Austrian architect (d. 2000)
1898 - Randolph Scott, actor (Last of the Mohicans, Western Union)
1898 - Sergei Eisenstein, Russia, director (Battleship Potemkin) [NS]
1898 - Freda Utley, British scholar and author (d. 1978)
1899 - Joseph Nathan Kane, historian (Famous Firsts)
1899 - Glen Kidston, British aviator and racing driver (d. 1931)
1900 - Mary Philips, CT, actress (Farewell to Arms, Incendiary Blonde)
1900 - Ralph Graves, Cleve Ohio, actor (Dirigible, Flight, Dream Street)
1900 - William Ifor Jones, Welsh conductor and organist (d. 1988)
1901 - Benno Stokvis, Dutch attorney/politician
1902 - Benny Waters, saxophonist
1903 - Jorge Eliécer Gaitán, Colombian politician (d. 1948)
1904 - Theodor Schaefer, composer
1905 - David Newell, Missouri, actor (Runaway Bride, White Heat, Dangerous Curves)
1905 - Konstanty I Galczynski, Polish poet (Zielona Ges)
1906 - Bob Steele, Pendleton Oregon, actor (Duffy-F Troop, Big Sleep)
1907 - Dan Duryea, White Plains NY, actor (Pride of the Yankees)
1907 - Hediki Yukawa, Japan, physicist (Nobel 1949)
1908 - Hubert Nicholson, poet/novelist
1908 - Pak Saleman Siswowitono, Javan/Surinamese writer
1909 - Norman Fulton, composer
1910 - Django Reinhardt, Belgium, Gypsy jazz guitarist
1911 - Dan Smith, harmonica/gospel singer
1912 - Ank van der Moer, actress (Verkade, Dutch Comedy)
1914 - Napoleon L Bonaparte, French pretender to the throne
1915 - Herma Bauma, Austria, javelin thrower (Oly-gold-1948)
1915 - Potter Stewart, Mich, 94th Supreme Court justice (1958-81)
1916 - Airey Neave, British Major, politician and indictment server at the Nuremberg Trials (d. 1979)
1916 - David Douglas Duncan, American photo-journalist
1918 - Gertrude Belle Elion, NYC, biochemist/drug researcher (Nobel 1988)
1919 - Bob Paisley, English soccer player/trainer/manager of FC Liverpool
1919 - Ernie Kovacs, Trenton NJ, comedian (Ernie Kovacs' Show)
1919 - Nina Dumbadze, USSR, Discus thrower (Oly-bronze-1952)
1919 - Hans Hass, Austrian zoologist and underwater scientist, (d. 2013)
1920 - Erbet Pawel, biographer (Kafka)
1923 - Florence Halop, Queens, actress (Florence-Night Court, St Elsewhere)
1923 - Horace Ashenfelter, US, 3000m steeplechase (Olympic-gold-1952)
1923 - Walter M[ichael] Miller Jr, US, sci-fi author (Hugo, View from Stars)
1924 - Frank R Lautenberg, (Sen-D-NJ, 1982-2001, 2003-2013), (d. 2013)
1925 - Marty Paich, Oakland California, orchestra leader (Sonny & Cher, Glenn Campbell)
1927 - Lars-Eric Lindblad, Swedish-American entrepreneur and explorer (d. 1994)
1928 - Eugene Monti, Italy, bobsledder (Olympic-2 golds-1968)
1928 - Jeanne Moreau, Paris France, actress (Going Places, Jules & Jim)
1928 - Kees [Cornelis] Broekman, Dutch speed skater (Olympic-silver-1952)
1928 - Chico Carrasquel, Venezuelan baseball player (d. 2005)
1929 - Ian Thomson, cricketer (England seam bowler v South Africa 1964-65)
1929 - John Polanyi, Berlin, Canadian chemist (Nobel 1986)
1929 - Patriarch Filaret (Mykhailo Denysenko) of Ukrainian Orthodox Church - Kyiv Patriarchate
1930 - Derek Walcott, St Lucia, poet/writer (Omeros, Nobel 1992)
1930 - Ken Errair, rocker (Four Freshmen)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 2 of 2

Composer Igor StravinskyComposer Igor Stravinsky (1906) 1906 - Composer Igor Stravinsky (23) weds Yekaterina Nosenko
1999 - Princess of Monaco Caroline (42) weds dynastic head of the House of Hanover and Britain's King George I descendant Prince Ernst August (45) in Monaco

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 125

1002 - Otto III, German king/emperor 983/996-1002, dies at 21
1199 - Yaqub, Almohad Caliph (b. 1160)
1356 - Margaretha of Bavaria, Emperess of Germany, dies
1516 - Ferdinand II, king of Aragon/Sicily, dies at 63
1548 - Bernardo Pisano, composer, dies at 57
1549 - Johannes Honter, Transylvanian Saxon humanist and theologian (b. 1498)
1567 - Jiajing, Emperor of China (b. 1507)
1622 - William Baffin, British explorer, dies at about 38
1639 - Francisco Maldonado da Silva Solis, Peruvian poet, burned at stake
1648 - Francisco de Rojas Zorrilla, Spanish poet (Del Rey Abajo), dies at 40
1708 - Thomas Bullis, composer, dies at 80
1744 - Giambattista Vico, Italian philosopher and historian (b. 1668)
1785 - Matthew Stewart, Scottish mathematician (b. 1717)
1789 - Frances Brooke, English writer (b. 1724)
1789 - John Cleland, English novelist (b. 1709)
1800 - Edward Rutledge, US attorney (signed Decl of Indep), dies at 50
1803 - Arthur Guinness, Irish brewer (b. 1725)
1805 - Vaclav Pichl, composer, dies at 63
1805 - Claude Chappe, French telecommunications pioneer (b. 1763)
1806 - William Pitt, the Younger, PM Great Britain (1783..1806), dies at 46
1812 - Robert Craufurd, British general (b. 1764)
1813 - George Clymer, US merchant (signed Decl of Independence), dies at 73
1814 - Georg Friedrich Theodor Wolf, composer, dies at 52
1820 - Prince Edward Augustus, Duke of Kent and Strathearn
1833 - Edward Pellew, 1st Viscount Exmouth, British admiral (b. 1757)
1837 - John Field, composer, dies at 54
1838 - Arnold A Buyskes, Dutch vice-admiral/colonial director, dies at 67
1845 - Francesco Ruggi, composer, dies at 77
1864 - Michele Puccini, composer, dies at 50
1866 - Thomas Love Peacock, English satirist (b. 1785)
1875 - Charles Kingsley, English vicar/writer (Westward Ho!), dies at 55
1879 - Adolf Jensen, composer, dies at 42
1883 - Gustave Doré, French artist, engraver, and illustrator (b. 1832)
1891 - Boudouin LPMCAJL, prince of Belgium/count of Flaanders, dies at 21
1893 - Jose Zorrilla y Moral, Spanish poet (Granada), dies at 75
1893 - Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus Lamar, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1825)
1898 - W A Remy, composer, dies at 66
1908 - Edward Alexander MacDowell, US composer (Indian Suite), dies at 47
1913 - Nazim Pasha, Turkey's PM, assassinated
1921 - Wlasyslaw Zelenski, composer, dies at 83
1922 - Arthur Nikisch, Hungarian conductor (b. 1855)
1923 - Max Nordau, Austrian author, philosopher, and Zionist leader (b. 1849)
1926 - Desire J Mercier, Belgian philosopher/cardinal, dies at 74
1926 - Joseph Carl Breil, composer, dies at 55
1931 - Anna Pavlova, Russian ballerina (Diaghilew, Dying Swan), dies
1936 - Dame Clara Butt, alto singer (Country of Hope & Glory), dies at 62
1937 - Orso Mario Corbino, Italian physicist (b. 1876)
1939 - Matthias Sindelar, Austria soccer star, commits suicide
1941 - Dobri Khristov, composer, dies at 65
1943 - Alexander Woollcott, critic, dies of a heart attack on radio, at 56
Painter/Print Maker Edvard MunchPainter/Print Maker Edvard Munch (1944) 1944 - Edvard Munch, Norwegian painter (The Scream), dies at 80
1944 - Viktor Gusev, Russian poet (b. 1909)
1945 - Helmuth J Moltke, German politician ("July 20th Plot"), executed at 37
1946 - Feliks Nowowiejski, composer, dies at 68
1946 - Matteo Giulio Bartoli, linguist, dies at 72
1947 - Pierre Bonnard, French painter/illustrator, dies at 79
1947 - Roy Park, cricketer (prolific Victorian bat & official), dies
1956 - Alexander Korda, English movie producer (Henry VIII), dies at 62
1957 - Willie Edwards, US black, murdered by KKK at 25
1958 - Nikolaos Georgantas, Greek discus thrower (b. 1880)
1964 - Louis Horst, composer, dies at 80
1969 - Jaroslav Kricka, composer, dies at 86
1971 - Fritz Feigl, Austria-born chemist (b. 1871)
1973 - Alexander Onassis, Greek heir of the Onassis family (b. 1948)
1973 - Kid Ory, American jazz trombonist (b. 1886)
1975 - Karel Paul van der Mandele, director (Rotterdam Bank), dies at 94
1976 - Aleksey Vasilyevich Sorokin, Russian cosmonaut, dies at 44
1976 - Paul Robeson, athlete/lawyer/singer, dies in Philadelphia at 77
1976 - Paul Dupuis, French Canadian film and television actor (b. 1913)
1977 - Bernard "Toots" Shor, barkeeper, dies at 73
1978 - Jack Oakie, actor (Great Dictator, Gang Buster), dies at 74
1978 - Terry Kath, rock guitarist (Chicago), accidently shot in head at 32
1978 - Vic Ames, American singer (Ames Brothers) (b. 1925)
1981 - Bobby Sherwood, orchestra leader (Milton Berle Show), dies at 66
1981 - Samuel Barber, US composer (School for Scandal), dies at 70
1982 - Hope Hampton, actress (Star Dust, Lawful Larcency), dies at 83
1984 - Samuel Gardner, composer, dies at 92
1984 - Mu'in Bseiso, Palestinian poet (b. 1926)
1986 - Joseph Beuys, West German avant-garde artist/politician, dies at 64
Painter Salvador DaliPainter Salvador Dali (1989) 1989 - Salvador Dalí, Catalan artist (b. 1904)
1990 - Albert Collins, guitarist (Lynyrd Skynyrd), dies of pneumonia at 57
1990 - Mariano Rumor, Italy's PM (1968-70, 73-1974), dies
1991 - Northrop Frye, Canadian writer and critic (b. 1912)
1992 - Freddie Bartholomew, child actor (Kidnapped), dies of emphysema at 67
1992 - Ian Wolfe, actor (Houdini, THX-1138, Homebodies), dies at 95
1992 - Simon Brand, South African banker/adviser to Pres De Klerk, dies
1993 - Dudley Stevens, entertainer, dies of AIDS at 57
1993 - Thomas A Dorsey, jazz pianist (Take My Hand, Precious Lord), dies
1994 - Nikolai Ogarkov, Russian marshal (Flight KAL 007), dies at 76
1994 - Oliver Smith, US set designer (Guys & Dolls-7 Tony Awards), dies at 75
1994 - Sherry Mathis, actress (Search for Tomorrow), dies of cancer at 44
1994 - Suzanne M Blum, French lawyer (Charlie Chaplin), dies at 95
1994 - Brian Redhead, English journalist and broadcaster (b. 1929)
1995 - Harold Collett Dent, journalist/educationist, dies at 100
1995 - Ken Hill, playwright/director, dies at 57
1995 - Michael Whalley Wickham, artist, dies at 91
1995 - Peter Ambrose Cyprian Luke, playwright, dies at 75
1996 - John Mackin, programmer, dies at 36
1996 - Norman MacCaig, poet, dies at 85
1996 - Shirley Carter Burden, patrician, dies at 54

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