This Day in History for 26th January

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 203

66 - 5th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet
1340 - English king Edward III proclaimed king of France
1482 - "Pentateuch" (Jewish Bible) 1st printed as a book in Bolongna, Italy
1500 - Vicente Yáñez Pinzón becomes the first European to set foot in Brazil.
1531 - Lisbon hit by Earthquake; about 30,000 die
1564 - The Council of Trent issued its conclusions in the Tridentinum, establishing a distinction between Roman Catholicism and Protestantism.
1589 - Job is elected as Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia.
1654 - Portuguese troops conquer last Dutch base on Recife
1666 - France declares war on England & Munster
1689 - Jean Racine's "Esther," premieres in Saint-Cyr
1697 - Isaac Newton receives Jean Bernoulli's 6 month time-limit problem, solves problem before going to bed that same night
Physicist & Mathematician Isaac NewtonPhysicist & Mathematician Isaac Newton 1699 - Venice, Poland & Austria sign Treaty of Carlowitz with Ottoman Empire
1700 - The magnitude 9 Cascadia Earthquake took place off the west coast of the North America, as evidenced by Japanese records.
1736 - Stanislaw I of Poland abdicates his throne.
1748 - Britain, Netherlands, Austria & Sardinia sign anti-French treaty
1784 - Ben Franklin expresses unhappiness over eagle as America's symbol
1788 - Captain Arthur Phillip and British colonists hoist the English flag at Sydney Cove, New South Wales, now celebrated as Australia Day
1789 - John Odell signs contract for £336 to build St Peter's church (Bronx)
1790 - Mozart's opera "Cosi Fan Tutte" premieres in Vienna
1797 - Russia, Prussia & Austria sign treaty
1802 - Congress passes an act calling for a US Capitol library
1808 - Rum Rebellion, the only successful (albeit short-lived) armed takeover of the government in Australia.
1833 - Gaetano Dinozetti's opera "Lucrezia Borgia," premieres in Milan
1837 - Michigan admitted as 26th US state
1838 - Tennessee enacts the first prohibition law in the United States
1841 - Hong Kong proclaimed a sovereign territory of Britain
1850 - 1st German language daily newspaper in US published, NYC
1861 - Louisiana secedes from the Union (US Civil War)
Union General George McClellanUnion General George McClellan 1862 - Lincoln issues General War Order #1, calling for a Union offensive, General George McClellan ignores order
1863 - American Civil War: Massachusetts Governor receives permission from Secretary of War to raise a militia organization for men of African descent (54th Massachusetts Regiment)
1870 - Virginia rejoins US
1871 - British Rugby Union forms
1871 - US income tax repealed
1875 - Electric dental drill is patented by George F Green
1881 - Union of Baptists Communities forms in Foxholl
1882 - France government of Gambetta falls
1884 - 1st Dutch Wagner version of Elizabeth aria
1885 - Muhammad Ahmed ("Mahdi") rebels conquer Khartoum
1886 - Karl Benz patents 1st auto with burning motor
1887 - Battle of Dogali: Abyssinian Emperor John IV defeats Italians
Writer/Poet Oscar WildeWriter/Poet Oscar Wilde 1891 - Oscar Wilde's "Duchess of Padua," premieres in NYC
1897 - Battle at Bida Gold Coast: British troops beat Nupe's army
1900 - Henrik Ibsen's "Naar vi Dode Vaaguer," premieres in Stuttgart
1905 - Arnold Schoenberg's "Pelleas und Melissande," premieres in Vienna
1905 - Han Yong-woon [Bongwan, Manhae] (1879-1944) ordained a monk in Korea
1905 - World's largest diamond, the 3,106-carat Cullinan, is found in South Africa
1907 - 1st federal corrupt election practices law passed
1907 - J M Synge's "Playboy of Western World" opens; police are called
1907 - The Short Magazine Lee-Enfield Mk III is officially introduced into British Military Service, and remains the oldest military rifle still in official use.
1907 - In Austria, universal and direct suffrage (limited to males over 24) is introduced, a reform long demanded by the socialists and others
1910 - Heavy rains cause floods in Paris
1911 - Glenn Curtiss pilots 1st successful hydroplane, San Diego
1911 - Richard Strauss's opera "Die Rosenkavalier" premieres, Dresden
Versatile Athlete Jim ThorpeVersatile Athlete Jim Thorpe 1913 - Jim Thorpe relinquishes his 1912 Olympic medals for playing as a professional
1914 - 600 Dutch textile workers go on strike
1914 - Vatican puts Belgian Nobel winner Maeterlinck's works in their index
1915 - Rocky Mountain National Park, Colo established
1918 - Herbert Hoover, US Food Administrator, calls for "wheatless" & "meatless" days for war effort
1920 - Amadeo Modigliani's mistress jumps out of a window
1920 - Former Ford Motor Co. executive Henry Leland launches the Lincoln Motor Company which he later sold to his former employer.
1921 - Soccer team GVAV of Groningen Neth forms
31st US President Herbert Hoover31st US President Herbert Hoover 1921 - Toronto St Pat Corb Denneny scores 6 goals vs Hamilton Tigers
1922 - Ralph Vaughan Williams' "Pastoral Symphony," premieres in London
1924 - Charles Jewtraw, US 500m skater, takes 1st Winter Olympics gold medal
1926 - 1st public demonstration of television by John Logie Baird in his laboratory in London
1927 - Maxwell Anderson's "Saturday's Children," premieres in NYC
1929 - Indian National Congress proclaims goal for India's independence
1930 - Cleveland's Terminal Tower opens (52 stories)
1931 - Hungary-Austria sign peace treaty
1931 - Lynn Riggs' "Green Grow the Lilacs," premieres in NYC
1932 - British submarine M-2 sinks in Channel (60 dead)
1932 - KUT-AM in Austin Texas changes call letters to KNOW
Cricket Legend Donald BradmanCricket Legend Donald Bradman 1934 - Bradman scores 128 NSW v Victoria, 96 mins, 17 fours 4 sixes
1934 - Nazi Germany & Poland sign non-attack treaty for 10 years
1934 - The Apollo Theater reopens in Harlem, New York City.
1934 - German-Polish Non-Aggression Pact is signed.
1939 - Federal Hall National Monument established
1939 - Filming begins on "Gone With the Wind"
1939 - Franco conquers Barcelona
1940 - Nazis forbid Polish Jews to travel on trains
1942 - 1st US force in Europe during WW II go ashore in Northern Ireland
1942 - Italian supreme command demands dismissal of German Marshal Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal Erwin RommelGerman WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel 1945 - Soviet forces reach Auschwitz concentration camp
1947 - KLM Dakota crashes near Copenhagen, 22 die
1948 - Executive Order 9981, end segregation in US Armed Forces signed
1949 - WHIO TV channel 7 in Dayton, OH (CBS) begins broadcasting
1950 - India becomes a republic, ceasing to be a British dominion
1951 - Mel Ott & Jimmie Foxx elected to Baseball Hall of Fame
1954 - Ground breaking begins on Disneyland
1956 - 7th Winter Olympic games open in Cortina d'Ampezzo, Italy
1956 - Hank Greenberg & Joe Cronin are elected to Baseball Hall of Fame
Baseball Player Hank GreenbergBaseball Player Hank Greenberg 1956 - Porkkala military base returned to Finland by USSR
1957 - Bernanos & Poulenc's opera "Dialogue des Carmelites," premieres
1957 - Dutch PSP, Pacifist Socialistic Party, forms
1957 - India annexes Kashmir
1957 - Joseph F Cairnes succeeds Lou Perini as Pres of Milwaukee Braves
1958 - H Laskow replaces Moshe Dayan on as Israeli minister of Defense
1958 - Jack Smith takes over for Art Baker as TV host of "You Asked for It"
1958 - Marlene Hagge wins LPGA Lake Worth Open Golf Invitational
1958 - Japanese ferry Nankai Maru capsized off southern Awaji Island, Japan, 167 killed.

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 243

1497 - Emperor Go-Nara of Japan (d. 1557)
1541 - Florent Chrestien, French writer (d. 1596)
1613 - Johann Jakob Wolleb, composer
1667 - Henricus Zwaardecroon, gov-gen of Neth-Indies
1708 - William Hayes, composer
1714 - Jean B Pigalle, French sculptor (Child with Bird Cage)
1715 - Claude Helvetius, Paris France, philosopher
1716 - George Sackville Germain, 1st Viscount Sackville
1722 - Prestonpans
1722 - Alexander Carlyle, Cummertrees, Dumfriesshire, Scottish church leader (Moderator of the General Assembly 1770)
1742 - Johann Friedrich Ludwig Sievers, composer
1748 - Emmanuel Aloys Forster, composer
1763 - Charles XIV, French marshall, king of Sweden & Norway (1818-44)
1771 - Jacob Andries van Braam, colonial director (Suriname)
1778 - Ugo Foscolo, Italian poet (Ultime lettere di Jacopo Ortis)
1781 - Ludwig Joachim "Achim" von Arnim, German poet (Des Knaben Wunderhorn)
1786 - Benjamin Robert Haydon, Plymouth, painter (Waiting for The Times)
1813 - Juan Pablo Duarte, Dominican founding father (d. 1876
1814 - Rufus King, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1876
1816 - Lloyd Tilghman, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1863
1819 - Abner Doubleday, Union general-major/inventor (baseball) [or Jun 26]
1826 - Julia Dent Grant, 1st lady (1862-76)
1828 - Johan T Buys, Dutch lawyer
1831 - Mary Mapes Dodge, NYC, writer (Hans Brinker & the Silver Skates)
1832 - George Shiras Jr., U.S. Supreme Court justice (d. 1924)
1852 - Frederick Corder, composer
1852 - Pierre Brazza, explorer/colonial administrator (French Africa)
1855 - Arthur Hervey, composer
1857 - the 12th Dalai Lama (d. 1875)
1871 - Warner Fabian, [Samuel H Adams], US journalist/writer (Average Jones)
1877 - Kees van Dongen, Netherland, French painter
1878 - A W "Dave" Nourse, cricketer ("Grand Old Man" of South African cricket)
1879 - Ludovicus H [Lode] Baekelmans, Flemish (stage)author (Tille)
WW2 General Douglas MacArthurWW2 General Douglas MacArthur (1880) 1880 - Douglas MacArthur, Little Rock Ark, US General (WW II), (d. 1964)
1884 - Edward Sapir, Germany, linguist/antropologist (indians)
1884 - Roy Chapman Andrews, US, scientist/explorer
1886 - Joannes A Veraart, Dutch economist/MP (Jews of the Netherlands)
1887 - Enrique E Ecker, Curacao, bacteriologist
1887 - Marc A "Pete" Mitscher, US lt-admiral (WW II-Task Force 58)
1887 - François Faber, Luxembourgian cyclist (d. 1915)
1891 - Ilya G Ehrenburg, Kiev Ukraine, writer (Fall of Paris, The Thaw)
1891 - Frank Costello, Lauropoli Italy, Italian-American gangster (The Prime Minister of the Underworld)
Gangster Frank CostelloGangster Frank Costello (1891) 1891 - Wilder Penfield, American-born Canadian neurosurgeon (d. 1976)
1892 - Zara Cully, American actress (d. 1978)
1893 - Bessie Coleman, 1st black airplane pilot
1893 - Giuseppe Genco Russo, Sicilian mafioso (d. 1976)
1899 - Wyllis Cooper, Pekin Ill, TV narrator (Volume One)
1900 - Karl Ristenpart, German conductor (d. 1967)
1901 - Ervin Major, composer
1902 - Laurence "Bill" Craigie, jet pioneer
1902 - Menno ter Braak, Dutch writer/essayist (Carnaval of the Citizens)
1902 - Romney Brent, Saltillo Mexico, actor/writer (Dinner at the Ritz)
1904 - Douglas Evans, actor (South Pacific Trail)
Irish Politician and a former Chief of Staff of the IRA Seán MacBrideIrish Politician and a former Chief of Staff of the IRA Seán MacBride (1904) 1904 - Sean MacBride, Dublin, statesman/Amnesty Intl co-founder (Nobel '74)
1904 - Ancel Keys, American scientist (d. 2004)
1905 - Charles Lane, SF California, actor (Homer-Petticoat Junction, Lucy Show), (d. 2007)
1905 - John Carmel Heenan, Essex, cardinal archbp of Westminster (1963-75)
1905 - Maria Augusta von Trapp, Austria, singer, inspired "Sound of Music", (d. 2014)
1905 - Marquess of Bath, English large landowner/multi-millionaire
1907 - Eddie Ballantine, Chicago, orchestra leader (Don McNeill TV Club)
1907 - Henry Cotton, English golfer (British Open 1934, 1937, 1948)
1908 - Stephane Grappelli, French jazz/violinist
1908 - Jill Esmond, English actress (d. 1990)
1910 - Elmar Klos, Czech director (Adrift)
1910 - Marijan Lipovsek, composer
1910 - Jean Image, Hungarian-born French animator (d. 1989)
1911 - Norbert Schultze, composer
1911 - Polykarp Kusch, US, nuclear physicist: Nobel 1955
1912 - Cora Baird, NYC, puppeteer (Kukla, Fran & Ollie)
1913 - Jimmy Van Heusen, songwriter (Love & Marriage)
1913 - William Prince, Nichols NY, actor (City in Fear, Cyrano de Bergerac)
1914 - Kaye Webb, English writer/publisher (Puffin Club)
1914 - Princess Hadice Hayriye Ayshe Dürrühsehvar (d. 2006)
1915 - William Hopper, NYC, actor (Paul Drake-Perry Mason)
1916 - Lothar Jensch, composer
1918 - Nicolae Ceausescu, Romanian president (1967-90)
1918 - Philip José Farmer, Terre Haute Indiana, American science fiction novelist (Riverworld)
1919 - K C Ibrahim, cricketer (batted in 4 Tests India v WI 1948-49)
1920 - Derek Bond, Glasgow Scotland, actor (Nicholas Nickelby)
1920 - John Logan Gorlay, journalist
1921 - Akio Morita, Kasugaya Japan, CEO (Sony)
1921 - Frantisek Chaun, composer
1921 - Johannes Driessler, composer
1921 - Eddie Barclay, French producer (Barclay Records) (d. 2005)
1922 - Michael Bentine, England, author/comedian (Reluctant Jester)
1923 - Anne Jeffreys, NC, actress (Dick Tracy, Topper, General Hospital)
1924 - Warren Frank Benson, composer
1924 - Annette Strauss, American philanthropist and politician (d. 1998)
1924 - Alice Babs, Swedish singer
1925 - David Jenkins, Bishop (Durham)
1925 - Desmond Cassidi, British admiral
1925 - Joan Leslie, Detroit, actress (High Sierra, Yankee Doodle Dandy)
Actor & Entrepreneur Paul NewmanActor & Entrepreneur Paul Newman (1925) 1925 - Paul Newman, Cleve, racer/popcorn mogul/actor (Hud, Hombre, Hustler)
1925 - Claude Ryan, Quebec newspaper editor (d. 2004)
1926 - Charles Tidbury, former chairman (Whitbread & Company)
1926 - Jose Maria Valverde, philosopher poet/translator
1926 - Ronnie Hilton, singer (Moonraker)
1926 - Farman Fatehpuri, Pakistani scholar
1927 - Jose Simon Azcona Hoyo, president of Honduras (1986-90)
1927 - William Redfield, NYC, actor (Jimmy Hughes Rookie Cop, Marriage)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 8 of 8

Inventor of the Mechanical Reaper Cyrus Hall McCormickInventor of the Mechanical Reaper Cyrus Hall McCormick (1858) 1858 - Inventor Cyrus Hall McCormick (48) weds Nancy Fowler
1905 - General officer John J. Pershing (44) weds Helen Frances
1925 - Politician Seán MacBride (21) weds Catalina Bulfin in Dublin, Ireland
1940 - Actor Ronald Raegan (28) weds Academy Award-winning actress Jane Wyman (23) at the Wee Kirk o' the Heather church in Glendale, California
1944 - Actor Ralph Richardson (41) weds actress Meriel Forbes (30)
1990 - Boston Red Sox hires Elaine Weddington as asst GM (highest-ranking black female in a major-league front office)
2005 - Professional golfer Arnold Palmer (75) weds Kathleen Gawthrop in an intimate ceremony at a cottage on the beach at Turtle Bay Resort
Golfer Arnold PalmerGolfer Arnold Palmer (2005) 2014 - "The Bachelor" star Sean Lowe (30) weds graphic designer Catherine Giudici (27) at the The Four Seasons Resort The Biltmore in Santa Barbara, California

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 116

946 - Eadgyth, German Queen
1109 - Albericus of Côteaux, French saint, dies
1567 - Nicholas Wotton, English diplomat
1630 - Henry Briggs, English mathematician (b. 1556)
1636 - Jean Hotman, Marquis de Villers-St-Paul, French diplomat (b. 1552)
1697 - Georg Mohr, Danish mathematician (b. 1640)
1706 - Guillaume Poitevin, composer, dies at 59
1744 - Ludwig Andreas Graf Khevenhüller, Austrian field marshal (b. 1683)
1750 - Albert Schultens, Dutch philologist (b. 1686)
1795 - Johann Christoph Friedrich Bach, composer, dies at 62
1798 - Christian Gottlob Neefe, German organist/composer, dies at 49
1799 - Gabriel Christie, British general (b. 1722)
1803 - Georg von Pasterwiz, composer, dies at 72
1823 - Edward Jenner, English physician (b. 1749)
1824 - Théodore Géricault, French painter (b. 1791)
1849 - Thomas Lovell Beddoes, English poet (Death's Jest-Book), suicide at 45
1850 - Francis Jeffrey, Baron Jeffrey, judge/literary critic, dies
1855 - Gérard de Nerval, French writer (b. 1808)
1869 - Duncan Gordon Boyes, English recipient of the Victoria Cross (b. 1846)
1870 - Cesare Pugni, composer, dies at 67
1870 - Victor, 3rd duc de Broglie, French statesman and diplomat (b. 1785)
1885 - Charles George Gordon, Brit gov-gen (Sudan), executed at 51
1885 - Edward Davy, English inventor (b. 1806)
1886 - David Rice Atchison, American politician (b. 1807)
1891 - Nicholaus Otto, German auto pioneer (internal combustion engine), dies. (b. 1833)
1893 - Abner Doubleday, credit with inventing baseball, dies on 74th birthday
1895 - Arthur Cayley, mathematician, dies
1904 - John P R Tak, Dutch liberal politician, dies at 64
1904 - Whitaker Wright, English mining tycoon (b. 1846)
1911 - Charles Wentworth Dilke, English undersecretary of State, dies at 67
1920 - Matthias Enzberger, German minister of finance, murdered
1922 - Luigi Denza, composer, dies at 75
1926 - John Flannagan, 2nd president of St. Ambrose University
1932 - William K Wrigley, owner (Wrigley Gum, Chicago Cubs), dies
1933 - Alva Belmont, American socialite (b. 1853)
1939 - Armand Calinescu, Romania's PM, assassinated by the iron guard
1942 - Gerard L F Philips, Dutch manufacturer (Philips), dies at 83
1943 - Nikolai Vavilov, geneticist, Saratovv labour camp, dies
1943 - Harry H. Laughlin, American eugenicist (b. 1880)
1946 - Adriaan van Maanen, Dutch-American astronomer (b. 1884)
1947 - Grace Moore, American soprano/actress (One Night of Love), dies at 48
1947 - Gustav Adolf, crown prince of Sweden, dies in air crash
1948 - Ignaz Friedman, composer, dies at 65
Director Victor FlemingDirector Victor Fleming (1949) 1949 - Victor Fleming, director (Wizard of Oz, Gone With Wind), dies at 65
1950 - Betsy van den Arend, Dutch [Betje], actress (Miss Hobbs), dies at 78
1952 - Louis van Deyssel, Dutch writer (Diary of Franc Rozelaar), dies at 87
1952 - Khorloogiin Choibalsan, leader of Mongolia (b. 1895)
1953 - Martinus Nijhoff, Dutch poet/interpreter/linguist, dies at 58
1953 - Athanase David, French Canadian politician and businessman (b. 1882)
1954 - Carl J Eldh, Swedish sculptor, dies at 80
1961 - Morris Nichols, cricketer (41 wkts in 14 Tests for Eng 1930-39), dies
NYC Gangster Charles NYC Gangster Charles "Lucky" Luciano (1962) 1962 - Charles "Lucky" Luciano, NYC Mafia gangster, dies of a heart attack at 65
1962 - Fran Lhotka, composer, dies at 78
1963 - John Sigvard Olsen, comedian (Olsen & Johnson), dies at 70
1965 - Ali Mansoer, premier of Persia, murdered
1967 - Albert Remy, actor (Blows), dies at 55
1967 - Kenneth Thomson, actor (White Gold), dies of emphysema at 68
1968 - Merrill C. Meigs, American newspaper publisher (b. 1883)
1968 - Yvor Winters, American poet (b. 1900)
1973 - Edward G Robinson, [Goldenberg], actor (Little Caesar), dies at 79
1973 - Meijer Sluyser, Dutch journalist/commentator (VARA), dies at about 71
1973 - Jay C. Higginbotham, American musician (b. 1906)
1974 - S v Vegesack, writer, dies at 85
1974 - Wiktor Labunski, composer, dies at 78
1975 - Lubov Orlova, actress (Moscow Laughs, Man of Music, Tanya), dies at 72
1976 - João Branco Núncio, Portuguese Bullfighter (b. 1901)
1977 - Margaret Hayes, actress (Robert Montgomery Presents), dies at 61
1978 - Leo Genn, actor (Lady Chatterley's Lover, Henry V), dies at 72
1979 - Nelson Rockefeller, former VP & (4X Gov-R-NY), dies at 70
1983 - Paul "Bear" Bryant, college football coach (Alabama), dies at 69
1985 - James Cameron, journalist, dies
1989 - Paul Daels, Flemish chairman (IJzerbedevaart committee), dies
1990 - FHP "Boy" Trip, Dutch minister, dies
1990 - Lewis Mumford, American historian (b. 1895)
1990 - Bob Gerard, British racing driver (b. 1914)
1991 - Johnny van Doorn, Dutch writer/poet, dies at 46
1992 - José Ferrer, Puerto Rican actor/director (Cyrano de Bergerac), dies at 80
1992 - Okke Jager, Dutch theologist/writer/poet, dies at 63
1993 - Axel Von Dem Bussche, German aristocrat, dies
1993 - Jan Gies, Dutch resistance fighter (helped Anne Frank), dies at 87
1993 - Robert Jacobsen, Danish sculptor (large iron sculptures), dies at 80
1993 - Jeanne Sauvé, Governor-General of Canada (b. 1922)
1995 - Bernardo Leighton, Chilian politician (1964-70), dies
1995 - Geoffrey Penwill Parsons, piano accompnaist, dies at 65
1995 - Louis Heren, journalist, dies at 65
1995 - Vic Buckingham, English soccer player/trainer (Ajax), dies at 79
1996 - David Schultz, wrestler (Oly-Gold-84), killed by John Du Pont
1996 - Harold Brodkey, writer, dies at 65
1996 - Henry Jay Lewis, conductor, dies at 63
1996 - Georg Alexander, Duke of Mecklenburg, head of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (b. 1921)
1996 - Stevie Plunder, Australian musician (b. 1963)
1997 - Margaret Hesse, princess of Hesse/the Rhine, dies at 83
1997 - Sarah Lucas, theatre Administrator, dies at 53
1997 - Jeane Dixon, American astrologer (b. 1904)
1998 - S P Leary, Texan Blues drummer (Muddy Waters), dies at 67
1998 - Shinichi Suzuki, music teacher (Suzuki Method), dies at 99
1998 - Walter Edmonds, writer (Drums Along the Mohawk), dies at 93
2000 - Don Budge, American tennis player (b. 1915)
2000 - Kathleen Hale, British author (b. 1898)
2000 - A. E. van Vogt, Canadian-born author (b. 1912)

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