This Day in History for 27th January

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 170

98 - Trajan becomes Roman Emperor after the death of Nerva.
661 - Rashidun Caliphate, then the largest empire in history, ends with death of Ali. Succeeded by the Umayyad Caliphate
672 - St Vitalian ends his reign as Catholic Pope
847 - Sergius II ends his reign as Catholic Pope
1142 - Wrongful execution of noted Song Dynasty General Yue Fei.
1302 - Dante becomes a Florentine political exile
1343 - Pope Clement VI issues the Bull Unigenitus.
1538 - States of Gelderland accepts Willem van Kleef as viceroy
1556 - Willem of Orange becomes a Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece
1593 - Vatican opens 7 year trial against scholar Giordano Bruno
1662 - 1st American lime kiln begins operation (Providence RI)
1671 - Pirate Henry Morgen lands at Panama City
Roman Emperor TrajanRoman Emperor Trajan 1695 - Mustafa II becomes the Ottoman sultan in Istanbul on the death of Ahmed II. Mustafa rules until his death in 1703.
1710 - Tsar Peter the Great sets 1st Russian state budget
1778 - Piccinni's opera "Roland" premieres, Paris
1785 - 1st US state university chartered, Athens Georgia
1823 - President Monroe appoints 1st US ambassadors to South America
1825 - U.S. Congress approves Indian Territory (in what is present-day Oklahoma), clearing the way for forced relocation of the Eastern Indians on the "Trail of Tears."
1864 - Battle of Fair Gardens, TN
1864 - Civil War skirmish at Kelly's Ford, Va
1870 - 1st sorority (Kappa Alpha Theta) (DePauw U in Greencastle, Indiana)
Russian Tsar Peter the GreatRussian Tsar Peter the Great 1870 - After accepting 15th amendment, Virginia is readmitted to Union
1870 - Manitoba & Northwest Territories incorporated
1880 - Thomas Edison patents electric incandescent lamp
1886 - 1st British government of Salisbury resigns
1888 - National Geographic Society organizes (Wash DC)
1891 - Mine explosion kills 109 at Mount Pleasant Pennsylvania
1894 - 1st college basketball game, University of Chicago beats Chicago YMCA 19-11
1894 - Midwinter Fair opens in Golden Gate Park
1896 - Tasmania bowl out Victoria for 65 for their 1st ever innings victory
1897 - British troops occupy Bida Gold Coast (Ghana)
Inventor Thomas EdisonInventor Thomas Edison 1900 - Social Democrat Party of America (Debs' party) holds 1st convention
1900 - Foreign diplomats in Peking, China, write formal notes of protest demanding that the Chinese Government stop the Boxes and other groups leading attacks on Westerners and Christians.
1902 - 5 workers killed on explosion during IRT subway construction (NYC)
1905 - Maurice Rouvier forms government in France
1906 - Rudolf Gundersen skates world record 500m at 44.8 sec
1908 - Pasiphaë, a satellite of Jupiter, discovered by Melotte
1909 - The Young Left is founded in Norway.
1914 - A petition is written and submitted by the black and coloured women of the Orange Free State, an independent Boer sovereign republic in southern Africa, against the carrying of passes by women
1915 - US Marines occupy Haiti
1916 - Communist party "Spartacus Letters" 1st published in Berlin
1917 - Coen de Koning wins 2nd official 11 cities race (9:53) (record)
1918 - "Tarzan of the Apes," 1st Tarzan film, premieres at Broadway Theater
1918 - The first hostilities occurred in the Finnish Civil War.
1924 - Egyptian king Foead nominates Saad Zaghloel Pasja premier
Marxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader Vladimir LeninMarxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader Vladimir Lenin 1924 - Lenin placed in Mausoleum in Red Square, Moscow
1924 - The Natal Indian Congress and the Natal Indian Association jointly organise a mass meeting in Durban, South Africa in opposition to the Class Areas Bill
1926 - US Senate agrees to join World Court
1926 - Physicist Erwin Schrödinger publishes his theory of wave mechanics and presents what becomes known as the Schrödinger equation in quantum mechanics
1933 - Otto Meisnner (Head of the German President's Office) dines with British ambassador Sir Horace Rumbold
1934 - 27th Australian Men's Tennis Open: Fred Perry beat Crawford (6-3 7-5 6-1)
1934 - French government of Chautemps falls (Stavisky Affair)
1934 - VARA refuses to hire after commemoration of Marinus Van de Lubbe
Physicist and Nobel Laureate Erwin SchrödingerPhysicist and Nobel Laureate Erwin Schrödinger 1939 - First flight of the Lockheed P-38 Lightning.
1940 - -17°F (-27°C), CCC Camp F-16, Georgia (state record)
1941 - Peruvian agent Rivera-Schreiber warns of Japanese assault on Pearl Harbor
1942 - -19°F (-27.4°C), Netherland's coldest day since 1850
1943 - 1st US air attack on Germany (Wilhelmshafen)
1944 - Leningrad liberated from Germany in 880 days with 600,000 killed
1944 - Casey Stengel, manager of the Boston Braves since 1938, resigns Lou Perini, Guido Rugo, & Joseph Maney buy control of Boston Braves
1945 - Nazi occupiers forbid food transport to West (The Netherlands)
1945 - Russia liberates Auschwitz & Birkenau Concentration Camp (Poland)
1945 - S Romberg, H&D Fields' musical premieres in NYC
1945 - Wally van Hall, "banker in defiance," arrested
1948 - 1st locomotive to carry 1,000,000 pounds (450,000 kg) operates
1948 - 1st tape recorder sold
1949 - Chinese liner "Taiping" collides with a collier off south China
1950 - 2nd Emmy Awards: Ed Wynn Show & Texaco Star Theater win
1951 - "Peter Pan" closes at Imperial Theater NYC after 320 performances
1951 - US begins 126 nuclear tests at Nevada Test Site
1953 - Netherlands end Marshall aid
1955 - "Plain & Fancy" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 476 perfs
1956 - NFL's NY Giants switches games from Polo Grounds to Yankee Stadium
Singer & Cultural Icon Elvis PresleySinger & Cultural Icon Elvis Presley 1956 - Elvis Presley's releases the single "Heartbreak Hotel"
1957 - Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Lake Worth Golf Open
1958 - Ferenc Munnich succeeds Kadar as premier of Hungary
1961 - "Sing Along with Mitch" [Miller] premieres on NBC TV
1962 - "Family Affair" opens at Billy Rose Theater NYC for 65 performances
1963 - Jevgeni Grishin skates world record 500m in 39.6 sec
1963 - Sam Rice, Eppa Rixey, Elmer Flick, & John Clarkson elected to Baseball Hall of Fame
1964 - "Introducing the Beatles" album released in US
1964 - Barlow & Graeme Pollock complete 341 stand at Adelaide Oval
1964 - Margaret Chase Smith (Sen-R-Maine) tries for Republican Pres bid
LPGA Golfer Betsy RawlsLPGA Golfer Betsy Rawls 1965 - 1st ground station-to-aircraft radio communication via satellite
1965 - Ground breaking for "Dragon Gateway" at Grant Avenue
1966 - Wisconsin State Circuit Court Judge Elmer W Roller rules either the Braves stay in Milwaukee or NL must promise Wisc an expansion team for 1966
1967 - Apollo 1 fire kills astronauts Grissom, White & Chaffee
1967 - Beatles sign a 9 year worldwide contract with EMI records
1967 - New Orleans Saints sign their 1st player (Paige Cothren-kicker)
1967 - Treaty banning military use of nuclear weapons in space, signed
1968 - "Darling of the Day" opens at George Abbott Theater NYC for 31 perfs
1969 - 14 spies hanged in Baghdad
1969 - 9 Jews publically executed in Damascus Syria
1969 - Actress Thelma Ritter suffers a heart attack (she dies Feb 5th)
1969 - Ian Paisley sentenced to 3 years
NFL Head Coach Chuck NollNFL Head Coach Chuck Noll 1969 - Chuck Noll is named head coach of the Pittsburgh Steelers (the youngest coach in NFL history at the time)
1970 - Movie rating system modifies "M" rating to "PG"
1971 - Montgomery St Station, last link in BART, `holed thru'
1971 - The body of a man who had been shot dead is found in Belfast
1972 - Two Royal Ulster Constabulary officers are shot dead in an attack on their patrol car in the Creggan Road, Derry

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 267

1443 - Albert, Duke of Saxony (d. 1500)
1546 - Joachim III Frederick, elector (Brandenburg)
1556 - Abbas I, "the Great," shah of Persia (1587-1629)
1585 - Hendrick Avercamp, Dutch painter (d. 1634)
1592 - Pierre de La Barre, composer
1603 - Harbottle Grimston, English politician (d. 1685)
1621 - Thomas Willis, English physician (d. 1675)
1662 - Richard Bentley, Oulton, scholar/controversialist
1679 - Jean-Francois de Troy, French painter
1701 - Johann N von Hontheim, German church historian/suffragan (bishop)
1715 - Vaclav Kalous, composer
1720 - Samuel Foote, England, actor/dramatist (Mirror)
1723 - Johann A Cramer, prime minister/poet
1741 - Hester Thrale, Welsh diarist (d. 1821)
1756 - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Austria, musical prodigy/composer (Figaro), (d. 1791)
Philosopher Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph SchellingPhilosopher Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling (1775) 1775 - Friedrich von Schelling, Germany, philosopher (Views on Christianity)
1775 - Manuel del Popolo Vicente Rodriguez Garcia, Spanish tenor/composer
1784 - Martin-Joseph Mengal, composer
1805 - Samuel Palmer, London, painter/etcher (Valley of Vision)
1805 - Sophie of Bavaria, archduchess of Austria (d. 1872)
1805 - Maria Anna of Bavaria, queen consort of Saxony (d. 1877)
1806 - Juan Crisóstomo Arriaga, Spanish composer (d. 1826)
1808 - David F Strauss, Germany, theologist (Jesus' Life)
1814 - Eugène Viollet-le-Duc, French architect (d. 1879)
1821 - John Chivington, American officer, (d. 1892)
1822 - Thomas Leiper Kane, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1883
1823 - Edouard-Victoire-Antoine Lalo, France, composer (Symphonie Espagnole)
1824 - Jozef Israels, Dutch painter
1826 - Richard Taylor, Lt Gen (Confederate Army), died in 1879
1828 - Louis Schubert, composer
1828 - Samuel Allen Rice, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1864
1830 - Georg Hellmesberger, composer
1830 - William Henry Fitzhugh Payne, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
Author and Mathematician Lewis CarrollAuthor and Mathematician Lewis Carroll (1832) 1832 - Lewis Carroll, [Charles Lutwidge Dodgson], Halton, Cheshire, author (Alice in Wonderland), (d. 1898)
1834 - Dmitri Mendeleev, chemist (discovered periodic table of the elements)
1834 - Robert Sanford Foster, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
1836 - Leopold von Sacher-Masoch, Austrian writer (masochism)
1841 - Arkhip Kuindzhi, Russian painter (d. 1910)
1848 - Togo Heihachiro, Japanese admiral (d. 1934)
1850 - Samuel Gompers, London England, American labor union leader (American Federation of Labor)
1850 - Edward J. Smith, English captain of the Titanic (d. 1912)
1851 - Rafael Obligado, Argentina, writer (Santos Vega)
Founder of the American Federation of Labor Samuel GompersFounder of the American Federation of Labor Samuel Gompers (1850) 1858 - Neel [Cornelia H] Doff, Dutch/French/Belgian painter's model/writer
1859 - Wilhelm II, Potsdam, German emperor (1888-1918)
1867 - Claude Antoine Terrasse, composer
1868 - Cato Engelen-Sewing, Dutch soprano prima donna (Dutch Opera)
1869 - Will Marion Cook, composer
1872 - Learned Hand, Albany NY, Chief judge (US Court of Appeals)
1882 - Giuseppe Prezzolini, Italy, writer (La Voce, La Cultura Italiano)
1885 - Jerome Kern, NYC, Broadway composer (Showboat, Roberta)
1885 - Eduard Künneke, German composer (d. 1953)
1885 - Maeda Seison, Japanese painter (d. 1977)
1887 - Carl Blegen, Minneapolis, archaeologist (excavator at Troy, Pylos)
1889 - Balthasar van der Pol, physicist (Comparison of Van der Pol)
1891 - Ilja Ehrenburg, writer
1892 - Mitya Stillman, composer
1893 - Soong Ching-ling, Chinese wife of Sun Yat-sen (d. 1981)
1894 - Fritz Pollard, early black NFL star (1920-26)
1895 - Claudio Carneyro, composer
1895 - Joseph Rosenstock, Kraków Poland, conductor (Nippon Phil Orch 1936-41)
1895 - Harry Ruby, American composer (d. 1974)
1899 - Granville English, composer
1900 - Hyman G Rickover, US Admiral (father of modern nuclear navy)
1901 - Art Rooney, NFL team owner (Pittsburgh Steelers)
1901 - Willy Fritsch, German actor (Spies, Women in the Moon)
1903 - John Eccles, British physiologist/neurologist
1903 - Otto P. Weyland, American military figure (d. 1979)
1905 - Howard McNear, Los Angeles California, actor (Floyd-Andy Griffith Show, Jetsons)
1905 - Luther Diamond, radio personality
1906 - Radames Gnattali, composer
1907 - Henry Cotton, English golf champion (won 3x British Open)
1908 - William Randolph Hearst Jr, newspaper publisher (Hearst Publishing)
1908 - Oran Page, American musician (d. 1954)
1911 - Benay Venuta, SF California, actress (Annie Get Your Gun, Call Me Mister)
1911 - George Pope, cricketer (Eng pace bowler, 1-49 & 0-36 in his only Test)
1912 - Lawrence Durrell, Darjeeling, Indian/British writer (Private Country, Alexandria Quartet)
1912 - Arne Næss, Norwegian philosopher
1913 - Milton Adolphus, composer
1913 - Valery Viktorovich Zhelobinsky, composer
1914 - Anna Larina, revolutionary
1915 - Jack Brymer, clarinettist
1917 - Dunboyne, Lord
1917 - Merrivale, Lord
1918 - Elmore James, musician (Dust My Broom)
1918 - Skitch Henderson, Birmingham England, orchestra leader (Tonight Show)
1918 - William Seawell, United States Army Brigadier General (d. 2005)
1919 - David Seville, [Ross Bagdasarian], Fresno California, (Alvin & Chipmunks)
1919 - H D Halsey, Bishop of Carlisle
1919 - Nina Milkina, pianist
1920 - Helmut Zacharias, German violinist (d. 2002)
1920 - John Box, British film production designer and art director (d. 2005)
1921 - Donna Reed, Denison Iowa, (From Here to Eternity, Wonderful Life)
1922 - Wilfrid Bourne, QC/Clerk of the Crown in Chancery
1924 - Alexander Georgiyevich Chugayev, composer
1924 - Kenneth Corfield, CEO (STC)
1924 - Rauf Denktasj, Turkish-Cypriot politician
1924 - Brian Rix [The Lord Rix], Cottingham, Yorkshire, English actor
1924 - Sabu, [Dastagir], India, actor (Elephant Boy, Drum)
1924 - William van Straubenzee, British MP
1925 - Geoffrey Tucker, British political consultant

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 4 of 4

1186 - Henry VI, the son and heir of the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick I, weds Constance of Sicily.
Musician Nat King ColeMusician Nat King Cole (1937) 1937 - Musician Nat King Cole (17) weds dancer Nadine Robinson in Ypsilanti, Michigan
1996 - "ER" TV actress Yvette Freeman (39) weds musical director Lawny Hartley (49) in Dunleith, Delaware
2006 - Mexican Latin Grammy Award singer Ana Barbara (35) weds Jose Maria Fernandez in Mexico

Famous Divorces

Divorces 1 - 1 of 1

Actor Charlie SheenActor Charlie Sheen (1997) 1997 - "Wall Street" actor Charlie Sheen (31) divorces model Donna Peele after nearly 5 months of getting married

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 125

Roman Emperor NervaRoman Emperor Nerva (98) 98 - Marius Cocceius Nerva, emperor of Rome (96-98), dies of a stroke at about 67
661 - Death of Ali, the final Sunni Rashidun and first Shia Imam.(b. 599 or 600)
672 - Vitalianus, pope (657-72)/saint, dies
847 - Sergius II, pope (844-47), dies
1164 - Abraham ibn Ezra, poet/philosopher, dies
1490 - Ashikaga Yoshimasa, Japanese shogun (b. 1435)
1540 - Angela Merici, Italian monk/monastery, dies
1565 - Robrecht de Berghes, prince-bishop of Liege (1557-64), dies
1612 - Maarten van Valckenborch, Flemish painter, buried at about 77
1625 - Adriaen Valerius, notary/Neth Gedenck-clanck, dies at about 49
1629 - Hieronymus Praetorius, composer, dies at 68
1638 - Gonzalo de Céspedes y Meneses, Spanish novelist
1669 - Gaspar de Crayer, Flemish painter, dies at 87
1699 - William Temple, statesman, dies
1731 - Bartolomeo di Francesco Cristofori, Ital piano builder, dies at 75
1740 - Louis Henri, Duc de Bourbon, Prime Minister of France (b. 1692)
1763 - John Theodor of Bavaria, prince-bishop of Liege/cardinal, dies
1802 - Johann Rudolf Zumsteeg, composer, dies at 42
1814 - Johann Gottlieb Fichte, philosopher, dies
1814 - Philip Astley, theatre manager, dies
British Admiral Samuel HoodBritish Admiral Samuel Hood (1816) 1816 - Samuel Hood, 1st Viscount Hood/admiral, dies at 92
1850 - J Gottfried Schadow, German sculptor/cartoonist/writer, dies at 85
1850 - Philipp Roth, composer, dies at 70
1851 - John James Audubon, conservationist (Audubon Society), dies at 65
1851 - Karl Moser, composer, dies at 77
1857 - Dorothea von Benckendorff, Baltic monarch of Lieven, dies at 72
1858 - Gerrit van der Linde Jz, Dutch "Principal", poet, dies at 49
1859 - Carl A Agardh, Swedish botanist/bishop of Karlstad, dies at 74
1860 - János Bolyai, Hungarian mathematician (b. 1802)
1864 - Franz von Klenze, German architect (palace Leuchtenberg), dies at 59
1866 - John Gibson, sculptor, dies
1880 - Edward Middleton Barry, English architect (b. 1830)
1889 - Ivan S Aksakov, Russian journalist, dies at 65
1893 - James G Blaine, US minister of foreign affairs, dies at 62
Composer Giuseppe VerdiComposer Giuseppe Verdi (1901) 1901 - Giuseppe Verdi, Italian composer, dies at 77
1904 - Adam Minchejmer, composer, dies at 73
1919 - Endre Ady, Hungarian poet (b. 1877)
1921 - Maurice Vincent Buckley, Australian soldier (b. 1891)
1922 - Giovanni Verga, Italian writer (I Mala Voglia), dies at 81
1927 - Georgios Grivas, Cyprus-born general in the Greek Army
1927 - Blessed Jurgis Matulaitis-Matulevičius (Matulewicz), Lithuanian bishop
1928 - Marie Verstraete, actress (Frou-Frou/Nora), dies at 74
1930 - Jean Hure, composer, dies at 52
1941 - Iver Paul Fredrik Holter, composer, dies at 90
1942 - Kaarel Eenpalu, Estonian Prime Minister (b. 1888)
1949 - Boris Asafiev, composer, dies at 64
1954 - Paul-Marie Masson, composer, dies at 71
1955 - Ernst Penzoldt, writer, dies
1956 - Erich Kleiber, Austrian conductor, dies
1963 - John Farrow, actor/director (Botany Bay), dies at 58
1964 - Lieb Glantz, composer, dies at 65
1965 - Theo Uden Marsman, Dutch orchestra leader, dies at 63
1967 - Alphonse Juin, French marshal, dies at 78
1967 - Edward Higgins White II, Lt Col USAF/astronaut (Gemini 4), dies at 36
1967 - Roger B Chaffee, astronaut, dies at 31 in Apollo I fire
1967 - Virgil I (Gus) Grissom, astronaut, dies at 40 in Apollo I fire
1969 - Charles Winninger, actor (Charlie Farrell Show), dies at 82
1969 - Hanns Jelinek, composer, dies at 67
1970 - Probir Sen, cricket (20 catch & 11 stumpings, 14 Tests for Ind), dies
1970 - Rita Angus, New Zealand painter (b. 1908)
1971 - Jacobo Arbenz, President of Guatemala (b. 1913)
Gospel Singer Mahalia JacksonGospel Singer Mahalia Jackson (1972) 1972 - Mahalia Jackson, gospel singer (He Got the Whole World), dies at 60
1972 - Richard Courant, German/US mathematician, dies at 84
1974 - Georgios Grivas, Greek gen/oppos leader on Cyprus (EOKA), dies at 75
1974 - Paula Ludwig, writer, dies at 74
1975 - Bill Walsh, American producer and writer (b. 1913)
1977 - Walter Baldwin, actor (Gay Amigo), dies at 88
1978 - Marguerite Canal, composer, dies at 87
1978 - Oscar Homolka, actor (7 Year Itch, Ball of Fire), dies at 79
1979 - Qalander Ba Ba Auliya, Sufi master (b. 1898)
1981 - Leo Collard, Belgian minister of Education (1946/54-58), dies at 78
1982 - Iris Korn, actress (Widder-Palmerstown USA), dies at 60
1983 - Louis De Funes, actor/writer (Mad Adv of Rabbi Jacobs), dies at 68
1983 - Paul "Bear" Bryant, US football coach (Alabama), dies at 69
1983 - Robert Christian, actor (Bustin' Loose), dies of cancer at 42
1984 - Lou Crosby, TV announcer (Mayor of Hollywood), dies at 72
1986 - L Ron Hubbard, novelist/founder (Church of Scientology), dies at 74
1986 - Lilli Palmer, German actress (Boys from Brazil, Kinder), dies at 71
1988 - Massa Makan Diabaté, Malian author (b. 1938)
1989 - Thomas Sopwith, British aviation pioneer (b. 1888)
1989 - Bayani Casimiro, Filipino dancer and actor (b. 1918)
1990 - Helen Jerome Eddy, actress (Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm), dies at 92
1992 - Francesca Primus, columnist (Back Stage), dies at 45
1992 - Gene Harris, entertainer, dies after long illness
1992 - Gwen Ffrangcon-Davies, Brit actress (Eliza Dolittle), dies at 101
Professional Wrestler André the GiantProfessional Wrestler André the Giant (1993) 1993 - André the Giant, WWF wrestler, dies of congestive heart failure at 49
1994 - Claude Akins, actor (Rio Bravo, Lobo), dies of cancer at 67
1994 - Eddie Calhoun, jazz Bassist, dies at 72
1994 - Joe Mays, actor (Mr Saturday Night), dies of AIDS at 44
1994 - Stanley Adams, songwriter, dies at 86
1995 - Geoffrey Parsons, Australian/British pianist, dies at 65
1995 - Halsey S Colchester, British SAS/MI6-spy/priest, dies at 76
1995 - Jean Tardieu, author, dies at 91
1995 - Willem R "Wim" van der Zee, gen-sec Council of Churches, dies at 64
1996 - Barbara Skelton, writer, dies at 79
1996 - John Patrick Sutton Ludlow, actor (Agatha), dies at 93
1996 - Julian Hill, research chemist, dies at 91
1996 - Olga Havlova, political activist, dies at 63
1996 - Ralph Webster Yarborough, politician, dies at 92
1996 - Tommy Mitchell, cricket (Derbyshire leg-spin, 5 Tests for Eng), dies

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