This Day in History for 27th January

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 165

98 - Trajan becomes Roman Emperor after the death of Nerva.
661 - Rashidun Caliphate ended with death of Ali.
672 - St Vitalian ends his reign as Catholic Pope
847 - Sergius II ends his reign as Catholic Pope
1142 - Wrongful execution of noted Song Dynasty General Yue Fei.
1302 - Dante becomes a Florentine political exile
1343 - Pope Clement VI issues the Bull Unigenitus.
1538 - States of Gelderland accepts Willem van Kleef as viceroy
1556 - Willem of Orange becomes a Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece
1593 - Vatican opens 7 year trial against scholar Giordano Bruno
1662 - 1st American lime kiln begins operation (Providence RI)
1671 - Pirate Henry Morgen lands at Panama City
1695 - Mustafa II becomes the Ottoman sultan in Istanbul on the death of Ahmed II. Mustafa rules until his death in 1703.
1710 - Czar Peter the Great sets 1st Russian state budget
1736 - Abdication of Stanislas, last king of Poland
1778 - Piccinni's opera "Roland" premieres, Paris
1785 - 1st US state university chartered, Athens Georgia
1823 - President Monroe appoints 1st US ambassadors to South America
1825 - U.S. Congress approves Indian Territory (in what is present-day Oklahoma), clearing the way for forced relocation of the Eastern Indians on the "Trail of Tears."
Russian Tsar Peter the GreatRussian Tsar Peter the Great 1864 - Battle of Fair Gardens, TN
1864 - Civil War skirmish at Kelly's Ford, Va
1870 - 1st sorority (Kappa Alpha Theta) (DePauw U in Greencastle, Indiana)
1870 - After accepting 15th amendment, Virginia is readmitted to Union
1870 - Manitoba & Northwest Territories incorporated
1880 - Thomas Edison patents electric incandescent lamp
1886 - 1st British government of Salisbury resigns
1888 - National Geographic Society organizes (Wash DC)
1891 - Mine explosion kills 109 at Mount Pleasant Pennsylvania
1894 - 1st college basketball game, U of Chicago beats Chicago YMCA 19-11
1894 - Midwinter Fair opens in Golden Gate Park
1896 - Tasmania bowl out Victoria for 65 for their 1st ever innings victory
1897 - British troops occupy Bida Gold Coast (Ghana)
1900 - Social Democrat Party of America (Debs' party) holds 1st convention
1902 - 5 workers killed on explosion during IRT subway construction (NYC)
Inventor Thomas EdisonInventor Thomas Edison 1905 - Maurice Rouvier forms government in France
1906 - Rudolf Gundersen skates world record 500m at 44.8 sec
1908 - Pasiphaë, a satellite of Jupiter, discovered by Melotte
1909 - The Young Left is founded in Norway.
1915 - US Marines occupy Haiti
1916 - Communist party "Spartacus Letters" 1st published in Berlin
1917 - Coen de Koning wins 2nd official 11 cities race (9:53) (record)
1918 - "Tarzan of the Apes," 1st Tarzan film, premieres at Broadway Theater
1918 - The first hostilities occurred in the Finnish Civil War.
1924 - Egyptian king Foead nominates Saad Zaghloel Pasja premier
1924 - Lenin placed in Mausoleum in Red Square, Moscow
1926 - 1st public demonstration of television, John Logie Baird, London
1926 - US Senate agrees to join World Court
1933 - Otto Meisnner (Head of the German President's Office) dines with British ambassador Sir Horace Rumbold
1934 - 27th Australian Men's Tennis Open: Fred Perry beat Crawford (6-3 7-5 6-1)
Marxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader Vladimir LeninMarxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader Vladimir Lenin 1934 - French government of Chautemps falls (Stavisky Affair)
1934 - VARA refuses to hire after commemoration of Marinus Van de Lubbe
1939 - First flight of the Lockheed P-38 Lightning.
1940 - -17°F (-27°C), CCC Camp F-16, Georgia (state record)
1941 - Peruvian agent Rivera-Schreiber warns of Japanese assault on Pearl Harbor
1942 - -19°F (-27.4°C), Netherland's coldest day since 1850
1943 - 1st US air attack on Germany (Wilhelmshafen)
1944 - Leningrad liberated from Germany in 880 days with 600,000 killed
1944 - Casey Stengel, manager of the Boston Braves since 1938, resigns Lou Perini, Guido Rugo, & Joseph Maney buy control of Boston Braves
1945 - Nazi occupiers forbid food transport to West (The Netherlands)
1945 - Russia liberates Auschwitz & Birkenau Concentration Camp (Poland)
1945 - S Romberg, H&D Fields' musical premieres in NYC
1945 - Wally van Hall, "banker in defiance," arrested
1948 - 1st locomotive to carry 1,000,000 pounds (450,000 kg) operates
1948 - 1st tape recorder sold
1949 - Chinese liner "Taiping" collides with a collier off south China
1950 - 2nd Emmy Awards: Ed Wynn Show & Texaco Star Theater win
1951 - "Peter Pan" closes at Imperial Theater NYC after 320 performances
1951 - US begins 126 nuclear tests at Nevada Test Site
1953 - Netherlands end Marshall aid
1955 - "Plain & Fancy" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 476 perfs
1956 - NFL's NY Giants switches games from Polo Grounds to Yankee Stadium
1957 - Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Lake Worth Golf Open
1958 - Ferenc Munnich succeeds Kadar as premier of Hungary
1961 - "Sing Along with Mitch" [Miller] premieres on NBC TV
1962 - "Family Affair" opens at Billy Rose Theater NYC for 65 performances
1963 - Jevgeni Grishin skates world record 500m in 39.6 sec
1963 - Sam Rice, Eppa Rixey, Elmer Flick, & John Clarkson elected to Baseball Hall of Fame
1964 - "Introducing the Beatles" album released in US
1964 - Barlow & Graeme Pollock complete 341 stand at Adelaide Oval
1964 - Margaret Chase Smith (Sen-R-Maine) tries for Republican Pres bid
1965 - 1st ground station-to-aircraft radio communication via satellite
1965 - Ground breaking for "Dragon Gateway" at Grant Avenue
1966 - Wisconsin State Circuit Court Judge Elmer W Roller rules either the Braves stay in Milwaukee or NL must promise Wisc an expansion team for 1966
1967 - Apollo 1 fire kills astronauts Grissom, White & Chaffee
1967 - Beatles sign a 9 year worldwide contract with EMI records
1967 - New Orleans Saints sign their 1st player (Paige Cothren-kicker)
1967 - Treaty banning military use of nuclear weapons in space, signed
1968 - "Darling of the Day" opens at George Abbott Theater NYC for 31 perfs
1969 - 14 spies hanged in Baghdad
1969 - 9 Jews publically executed in Damascus Syria
1969 - Actress Thelma Ritter suffers a heart attack (she dies Feb 5th)
1969 - Ian Paisley sentenced to 3 years
1970 - Movie rating system modifies "M" rating to "PG"
1971 - Montgomery St Station, last link in BART, `holed thru'
1973 - UCLA's basketball team wins 61st consecutive game (NCAA record)
1973 - US & Vietnam sign cease-fire, ending longest US war & milt draft
1973 - US female Figure Skating championship won by Janet Lynn
1973 - US male Figure Skating championship won by Gordon McKellen Jr
1973 - William Rogers & Nguyen Duy Trinh sign US-N Vietnam treaty
1974 - "Lorelei" opens at Palace Theater NYC for 320 performances

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 267

1443 - Albert, Duke of Saxony (d. 1500)
1546 - Joachim III Frederick, elector (Brandenburg)
1556 - Abbas I, "the Great," shah of Persia (1587-1629)
1585 - Hendrick Avercamp, Dutch painter (d. 1634)
1592 - Pierre de La Barre, composer
1603 - Harbottle Grimston, English politician (d. 1685)
1621 - Thomas Willis, English physician (d. 1675)
1662 - Richard Bentley, Oulton, scholar/controversialist
1679 - Jean-Francois de Troy, French painter
1701 - Johann N von Hontheim, German church historian/suffragan (bishop)
1715 - Vaclav Kalous, composer
1720 - Samuel Foote, England, actor/dramatist (Mirror)
1723 - Johann A Cramer, prime minister/poet
1741 - Hester Thrale, Welsh diarist (d. 1821)
1756 - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Austria, musical prodigy/composer (Figaro), (d. 1791)
1775 - Friedrich von Schelling, Germany, philosopher (Views on Christianity)
1775 - Manuel del Popolo Vicente Rodriguez Garcia, Spanish tenor/composer
1784 - Martin-Joseph Mengal, composer
1805 - Samuel Palmer, London, painter/etcher (Valley of Vision)
Philosopher Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph SchellingPhilosopher Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling (1775) 1805 - Sophie of Bavaria, archduchess of Austria (d. 1872)
1805 - Maria Anna of Bavaria, queen consort of Saxony (d. 1877)
1806 - Juan Crisóstomo Arriaga, Spanish composer (d. 1826)
1808 - David F Strauss, Germany, theologist (Jesus' Life)
1814 - Eugène Viollet-le-Duc, French architect (d. 1879)
1821 - John Chivington, American officer, (d. 1892)
1822 - Thomas Leiper Kane, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1883
1823 - Edouard-Victoire-Antoine Lalo, France, composer (Symphonie Espagnole)
1824 - Jozef Israels, Dutch painter
1826 - Richard Taylor, Lt Gen (Confederate Army), died in 1879
1828 - Louis Schubert, composer
1828 - Samuel Allen Rice, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1864
1830 - Georg Hellmesberger, composer
1830 - William Henry Fitzhugh Payne, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
1832 - Lewis Carroll, [Charles Lutwidge Dodgson], Halton, Cheshire, author (Alice in Wonderland), (d. 1898)
Author and Mathematician Lewis CarrollAuthor and Mathematician Lewis Carroll (1832) 1834 - Dmitri Mendeleev, chemist (discovered periodic table of the elements)
1834 - Robert Sanford Foster, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
1836 - Leopold von Sacher-Masoch, Austrian writer (masochism)
1841 - Arkhip Kuindzhi, Russian painter (d. 1910)
1848 - Togo Heihachiro, Japanese admiral (d. 1934)
1850 - Samuel Gompers, Dutch/US 1st president (American Federation of Labor)
1850 - Edward J. Smith, English captain of the Titanic (d. 1912)
1851 - Rafael Obligado, Argentina, writer (Santos Vega)
1858 - Neel [Cornelia H] Doff, Dutch/French/Belgian painter's model/writer
1859 - Wilhelm II, Potsdam, German emperor (1888-1918)
1867 - Claude Antoine Terrasse, composer
1868 - Cato Engelen-Sewing, Dutch soprano prima donna (Dutch Opera)
1869 - Will Marion Cook, composer
1872 - Learned Hand, Albany NY, Chief judge (US Court of Appeals)
1882 - Giuseppe Prezzolini, Italy, writer (La Voce, La Cultura Italiano)
1885 - Jerome Kern, NYC, Broadway composer (Showboat, Roberta)
1885 - Eduard Künneke, German composer (d. 1953)
1885 - Maeda Seison, Japanese painter (d. 1977)
1887 - Carl Blegen, Minneapolis, archaeologist (excavator at Troy, Pylos)
1889 - Balthasar van der Pol, physicist (Comparison of Van der Pol)
1891 - Ilja Ehrenburg, writer
1892 - Mitya Stillman, composer
1893 - Soong Ching-ling, Chinese wife of Sun Yat-sen (d. 1981)
1894 - Fritz Pollard, early black NFL star (1920-26)
1895 - Claudio Carneyro, composer
1895 - Joseph Rosenstock, Cracow Poland, conductor (Nippon Phil Orch 1936-41)
1895 - Harry Ruby, American composer (d. 1974)
1899 - Granville English, composer
1900 - Hyman G Rickover, US Admiral (father of modern nuclear navy)
1901 - Art Rooney, NFL team owner (Pittsburgh Steelers)
1901 - Willy Fritsch, German actor (Spies, Women in the Moon)
1903 - John Eccles, British physiologist/neurologist
1903 - Otto P. Weyland, American military figure (d. 1979)
1905 - Howard McNear, Los Angeles California, actor (Floyd-Andy Griffith Show, Jetsons)
1905 - Luther Diamond, radio personality
1906 - Radames Gnattali, composer
1907 - Henry Cotton, English golf champion (won 3x British Open)
1908 - William Randolph Hearst Jr, newspaper publisher (Hearst Publishing)
1908 - Oran Page, American musician (d. 1954)
1911 - Benay Venuta, SF California, actress (Annie Get Your Gun, Call Me Mister)
1911 - George Pope, cricketer (Eng pace bowler, 1-49 & 0-36 in his only Test)
1912 - Lawrence Durrell, Darjeeling, Indian/British writer (Private Country, Alexandria Quartet)
1912 - Arne Næss, Norwegian philosopher
1913 - Milton Adolphus, composer
1913 - Valery Viktorovich Zhelobinsky, composer
1914 - Anna Larina, revolutionary
1915 - Jack Brymer, clarinettist
1917 - Dunboyne, Lord
1917 - Merrivale, Lord
1918 - Elmore James, musician (Dust My Broom)
1918 - Skitch Henderson, Birmingham England, orchestra leader (Tonight Show)
1918 - William Seawell, United States Army Brigadier General (d. 2005)
1919 - David Seville, [Ross Bagdasarian], Fresno California, (Alvin & Chipmunks)
1919 - H D Halsey, Bishop of Carlisle
1919 - Nina Milkina, pianist
1920 - Helmut Zacharias, German violinist (d. 2002)
1920 - John Box, British film production designer and art director (d. 2005)
1921 - Donna Reed, Denison Iowa, (From Here to Eternity, Wonderful Life)
1922 - Wilfrid Bourne, QC/Clerk of the Crown in Chancery
1924 - Alexander Georgiyevich Chugayev, composer
1924 - Kenneth Corfield, CEO (STC)
1924 - Rauf Denktasj, Turkish-Cypriot politician
1924 - Brian Rix [The Lord Rix], Cottingham, Yorkshire, English actor
1924 - Sabu, [Dastagir], India, actor (Elephant Boy, Drum)
1924 - William van Straubenzee, British MP
1925 - Geoffrey Tucker, British political consultant

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 4 of 4

1186 - Henry VI, the son and heir of the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick I, weds Constance of Sicily.
1937 - Musician Nat King Cole (17) weds dancer Nadine Robinson in Ypsilanti, Michigan
1996 - "ER" TV actress Yvette Freeman (39) weds musical director Lawny Hartley (49) in Dunleith, Delaware
2006 - Mexican Latin Grammy Award singer Ana Barbara (35) weds Jose Maria Fernandez in Mexico

Famous Divorces

Divorces 1 - 1 of 1

1997 - "Wall Street" actor Charlie Sheen (31) divorces model Donna Peele after nearly 5 months of getting married

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 125

98 - Marius Cocceius Nerva, emperor of Rome (96-98), dies at about 67
661 - Death of Ali, the final Sunni Rashidun and first Shia Imam.(b. 599 or 600)
672 - Vitalianus, pope (657-72)/saint, dies
847 - Sergius II, pope (844-47), dies
1164 - Abraham ibn Ezra, poet/philosopher, dies
1490 - Ashikaga Yoshimasa, Japanese shogun (b. 1435)
1540 - Angela Merici, Italian monk/monastery, dies
1565 - Robrecht de Berghes, prince-bishop of Liege (1557-64), dies
1612 - Maarten van Valckenborch, Flemish painter, buried at about 77
1625 - Adriaen Valerius, notary/Neth Gedenck-clanck, dies at about 49
1629 - Hieronymus Praetorius, composer, dies at 68
1638 - Gonzalo de Céspedes y Meneses, Spanish novelist
1669 - Gaspar de Crayer, Flemish painter, dies at 87
1699 - William Temple, statesman, dies
1731 - Bartolomeo di Francesco Cristofori, Ital piano builder, dies at 75
1740 - Louis Henri, Duc de Bourbon, Prime Minister of France (b. 1692)
1763 - John Theodor of Bavaria, prince-bishop of Liege/cardinal, dies
1802 - Johann Rudolf Zumsteeg, composer, dies at 42
1814 - Johann Gottlieb Fichte, philosopher, dies
1814 - Philip Astley, theatre manager, dies
British Admiral Samuel HoodBritish Admiral Samuel Hood (1816) 1816 - Samuel Hood, 1st Viscount Hood/admiral, dies at 92
1850 - J Gottfried Schadow, German sculptor/cartoonist/writer, dies at 85
1850 - Philipp Roth, composer, dies at 70
1851 - John James Audubon, conservationist (Audubon Society), dies at 65
1851 - Karl Moser, composer, dies at 77
1857 - Dorothea von Benckendorff, Baltic monarch of Lieven, dies at 72
1858 - Gerrit van der Linde Jz, Dutch "Principal", poet, dies at 49
1859 - Carl A Agardh, Swedish botanist/bishop of Karlstad, dies at 74
1860 - János Bolyai, Hungarian mathematician (b. 1802)
1864 - Franz von Klenze, German architect (palace Leuchtenberg), dies at 59
1866 - John Gibson, sculptor, dies
1880 - Edward Middleton Barry, English architect (b. 1830)
1889 - Ivan S Aksakov, Russian journalist, dies at 65
1893 - James G Blaine, US minister of foreign affairs, dies at 62
1901 - Giuseppe Verdi, Italian composer, dies at 77
Composer Giuseppe VerdiComposer Giuseppe Verdi (1901) 1904 - Adam Minchejmer, composer, dies at 73
1919 - Endre Ady, Hungarian poet (b. 1877)
1921 - Maurice Vincent Buckley, Australian soldier (b. 1891)
1922 - Giovanni Verga, Italian writer (I Mala Voglia), dies at 81
1927 - Georgios Grivas, Cyprus-born general in the Greek Army
1927 - Blessed Jurgis Matulaitis-Matulevičius (Matulewicz), Lithuanian bishop
1928 - Marie Verstraete, actress (Frou-Frou/Nora), dies at 74
1930 - Jean Hure, composer, dies at 52
1941 - Iver Paul Fredrik Holter, composer, dies at 90
1942 - Kaarel Eenpalu, Estonian Prime Minister (b. 1888)
1949 - Boris Asafiev, composer, dies at 64
1954 - Paul-Marie Masson, composer, dies at 71
1955 - Ernst Penzoldt, writer, dies
1956 - Erich Kleiber, Austrian conductor, dies
1963 - John Farrow, actor/director (Botany Bay), dies at 58
1964 - Lieb Glantz, composer, dies at 65
1965 - Theo Uden Marsman, Dutch orchestra leader, dies at 63
1967 - Alphonse Juin, French marshal, dies at 78
1967 - Edward Higgins White II, Lt Col USAF/astronaut (Gemini 4), dies at 36
1967 - Roger B Chaffee, astronaut, dies at 31 in Apollo I fire
1967 - Virgil I (Gus) Grissom, astronaut, dies at 40 in Apollo I fire
1969 - Charles Winninger, actor (Charlie Farrell Show), dies at 82
1969 - Hanns Jelinek, composer, dies at 67
1970 - Probir Sen, cricket (20 catch & 11 stumpings, 14 Tests for Ind), dies
1970 - Rita Angus, New Zealand painter (b. 1908)
1971 - Jacobo Arbenz, President of Guatemala (b. 1913)
Gospel Singer Mahalia JacksonGospel Singer Mahalia Jackson (1972) 1972 - Mahalia Jackson, gospel singer (He Got the Whole World), dies at 60
1972 - Richard Courant, German/US mathematician, dies at 84
1974 - Georgios Grivas, Greek gen/oppos leader on Cyprus (EOKA), dies at 75
1974 - Paula Ludwig, writer, dies at 74
1975 - Bill Walsh, American producer and writer (b. 1913)
1977 - Walter Baldwin, actor (Gay Amigo), dies at 88
1978 - Marguerite Canal, composer, dies at 87
1978 - Oscar Homolka, actor (7 Year Itch, Ball of Fire), dies at 79
1979 - Qalander Ba Ba Auliya, Sufi master (b. 1898)
1981 - Leo Collard, Belgian minister of Education (1946/54-58), dies at 78
1982 - Iris Korn, actress (Widder-Palmerstown USA), dies at 60
1983 - Louis De Funes, actor/writer (Mad Adv of Rabbi Jacobs), dies at 68
1983 - Paul "Bear" Bryant, US football coach (Alabama), dies at 69
1983 - Robert Christian, actor (Bustin' Loose), dies of cancer at 42
1984 - Lou Crosby, TV announcer (Mayor of Hollywood), dies at 72
1986 - L Ron Hubbard, novelist/founder (Church of Scientology), dies at 74
1986 - Lilli Palmer, German actress (Boys from Brazil, Kinder), dies at 71
1988 - Massa Makan Diabaté, Malian author (b. 1938)
1989 - Thomas Sopwith, British aviation pioneer (b. 1888)
1989 - Bayani Casimiro, Filipino dancer and actor (b. 1918)
1990 - Helen Jerome Eddy, actress (Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm), dies at 92
1992 - Francesca Primus, columnist (Back Stage), dies at 45
1992 - Gene Harris, entertainer, dies after long illness
1992 - Gwen Ffrangcon-Davies, Brit actress (Eliza Dolittle), dies at 101
Professional Wrestler André the GiantProfessional Wrestler André the Giant (1993) 1993 - André the Giant, WWF wrestler, dies of congestive heart failure at 49
1994 - Claude Akins, actor (Rio Bravo, Lobo), dies of cancer at 67
1994 - Eddie Calhoun, jazz Bassist, dies at 72
1994 - Joe Mays, actor (Mr Saturday Night), dies of AIDS at 44
1994 - Stanley Adams, songwriter, dies at 86
1995 - Geoffrey Parsons, Australian/British pianist, dies at 65
1995 - Halsey S Colchester, British SAS/MI6-spy/priest, dies at 76
1995 - Jean Tardieu, author, dies at 91
1995 - Willem R "Wim" van der Zee, gen-sec Council of Churches, dies at 64
1996 - Barbara Skelton, writer, dies at 79
1996 - John Patrick Sutton Ludlow, actor (Agatha), dies at 93
1996 - Julian Hill, research chemist, dies at 91
1996 - Olga Havlova, political activist, dies at 63
1996 - Ralph Webster Yarborough, politician, dies at 92
1996 - Tommy Mitchell, cricket (Derbyshire leg-spin, 5 Tests for Eng), dies

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