This Day in History for 3rd January

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 175

236 - St Anterus ends his reign as Catholic Pope
269 - St Felix I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
936 - Duke Alberik II of Spoleto appoints his son Pope Leo VII
1338 - Jacob of Arteveld elected mayor of Ghent
1407 - Bloody battles between Hoeksen & Kabeljauwen in Dordrecht
1431 - Joan of Arc handed over to Bishop Pierre Cauchon
1496 - Leonardo da Vinci unsuccessfully tests a flying machine.
1521 - Martin Luther excommunicated by Pope Leo X from the Roman Catholic Church
1638 - Dutch Premier Van Joost speaks of "Hostage rights of Aemstel"
1638 - Schouwburg Theater, the 1st in Amsterdam, opens
1667 - Resistance of Androsovo in Russia-Poland
1746 - Bonnie Prince Charlies army leaves Glasgow, [NS=1/14]
1749 - Benning Wentworth issues the first of the New Hampshire Grants, leading to the establishment of Vermont.
1750 - Tax revolt in Haarlem Neth
1752 - East Indies invasion "Geldermalsen" leaves at Malacca: 92 killed
1777 - General George Washington's revolutionary army defeats British forces at Battle of Princeton, NJ
First US President George WashingtonFirst US President George Washington 1780 - Danish national anthem "Kong Kristian...," 1st sung
1823 - Stephen F. Austin receives a grant of land in Texas from the government of Mexico.
1825 - Scottish factory owner Robert Owen buys 30,000 acres in Indiana as site for New Harmony utopian community
1831 - 1st US building & loan association organized, Frankford, Penn
1833 - Britain seizes control of Falkland Islands in South Atlantic
1834 - The government of Mexico imprisons Stephen F. Austin in Mexico City.
1840 - 1st deep sea sounding
1848 - Joseph Jenkins Roberts is sworn in as the first President of the independent African Republic of Liberia.
1852 - 1st Chinese arrive in Hawaii
1861 - Delaware legislature rejects proposal to join Confederacy
1861 - US Ft Pulaski & Ft Jackson, Savannah, seized by Georgia
Confederate General Stonewall JacksonConfederate General Stonewall Jackson 1862 - Romney Campaign-Stonewall Jackson moves north from Winchester
1865 - Con Orem & Hugh O'Neill box 193 rounds before darkness ends match
1868 - Meiji Restoration returns authority to Japan's emperors
1870 - Construction begins on Brooklyn Bridge in New York; completed May 24, 1883
1871 - Oleomargarine patented by Henry Bradley, Binghamton, NY
1872 - 1st patent list issued by US Patent Office
1888 - 1st wax drinking straw patented, by Marvin C Stone in Washington DC
1889 - Admissions convention meets in Ellensburg, WA, asks for statehood
1890 - 1st US college-level dairy school opens at University of Wisconsin
1896 - Emperor Wilhelm congratulates Pres Kruger on the Jameson Raid
1899 - The first known use of the word automobile, was seen in an editorial in The New York Times.
1900 - Gerhart Hauptmann's "Schluck und Jau," premieres in Berlin
Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart HauptmannAuthor and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann 1900 - Perihelion Passage
1902 - Reg Duff 104 on Test debut, v England at MCG
1910 - British miners strike for 8 hour working day
1911 - US postal savings bank inaugurated
1911 - The Government of India announces that emigration to Natal, Southern Africa, is prohibited with effect from 1 July
1912 - South Pacific RR offers to bring Liberty Bell to Exposition, free
1912 - 10th Davis Cup: Australasia beats USA in Christchurch (5-0)
1914 - Kelman/Cushing/Heath' musical "Sari," premieres in NYC
1918 - US Employment Service opens as a unit of Deptartment of Labor
1919 - Herbert Hoover is placed in charge of war relief in Europe
1920 - Arthur Honegger's "Chant de Nigamon," premieres
1921 - Turkey makes peace with Armenia
1922 - 1st living person identified on a US coin (Thomas E Kirby) on the Alabama Centennial half-dollar
Italian Dictator Benito MussoliniItalian Dictator Benito Mussolini 1925 - Benito Mussolini dissolves Italian parliament/becomes dictator
1926 - Greek gen Theodorus Pangulos names himself dictator
1929 - 27 year old William S Paley becomes CBS pres
1929 - Bradman scores 112 v England at MCG - his 1st Test century
1931 - Nels Stewart of Montreal Maroons scores 2 goals in 4 sec (record)
1932 - Martial law is declared in Honduras to stop revolt by banana workers fired by United Fruit.
1933 - Minnie D. Craig becomes the first female elected as Speaker of the North Dakota House of Representatives, the first female to hold a Speaker position anywhere in the United States.
1938 - March of Dimes established to fight polio
1939 - Gene Cox becomes 1st girl page in US House of Representatives
1940 - WPG-AM in Atlantic City NJ consolidates with WBIL & WOV as "new" WOV
1941 - Canada & US acquire air bases in Newfoundland (99 yr lease)
Cricket Legend Donald BradmanCricket Legend Donald Bradman 1941 - Italian counter offensive in Albania
1941 - Sergei Rachmaninov's "Symphonic Dances" premieres in Philadelphia
1942 - American-British-Dutch-Australian (ABDA) Command forms
1943 - 1st missing persons telecast (NYC)
1943 - Canadian Army troops arrive in North Africa
1944 - World War II: Top Ace Major Greg "Pappy" Boyington is shot down in his Corsair by Captain Masajiro Kawato flying a Zero.
1945 - Allies land on west coast of Burma, conquer Akyab
1945 - British Premier Winston Churchill visits France
1945 - Cato-Meridian School, NY, installs germicidal lamps in every room
1945 - Greek General Plastiras forms government
1945 - John Patrick's "Hasty Heart," premieres in NYC
1945 - US aircraft carriers attack Okinawa
1946 - As a reward for his wartime cooperation, Governor Thomas E. Dewey commutes Charles "Lucky" Luciano's pandering sentence on condition that he does not resist deportation to Italy
NYC Gangster Charles NYC Gangster Charles "Lucky" Luciano 1947 - 1st opening session of Congress to be televised
1947 - William Dawson becomes 1st black to head congressional committee
1948 - Bradman completes dual Test tons (132 & 127*) v India MCG
1949 - "Colgate Theater" dramatic anthology series premieres on NBC TV
1951 - 9 Jewish Kremlin physicians "exposed" as British/US agents
1951 - Fred Wilt wins AAU Sullivan Memorial Trophy (US athlete of 1950)
1952 - "Dragnet" with Jack Webb premieres on NBC TV
1952 - Australia beat W Indies by one wicket at the MCG, last stand 38
1953 - Frances Bolton and her son, Oliver from Ohio, become the first mother and son to serve simultaneously in the U.S. Congress.
1955 - Jose Ramon Guizado becomes president of Panama
1956 - A fire damages the top part of the Eiffel Tower.
1957 - 1st electric watch introduced, Lancaster Pa
1958 - Edmund Hillary reaches South Pole overland
Mountaineer and Explorer Edmund HillaryMountaineer and Explorer Edmund Hillary 1958 - Lindsay Kline takes a hat-trick v South Africa at Cape Town
1958 - The West Indies Federation is formed.
1959 - Alaska admitted as 49th US state
1961 - Adam Clayton Powell elected Chairman of House Education & Labor
1961 - US breaks diplomatic relations with Cuba
1962 - Ground is broken for the Houston Astrodome
1962 - Pope John XXIII excommunicates Fidel Castro
1963 - WOUB TV channel 20 in Athens, OH (PBS) begins broadcasting
1964 - Jack Paar Show, shows a clip of the Beatles singing "She Loves You"
1966 - Floyd B McKissick, named national director of CORE
1967 - "Tonight Show" is shortened from 105 to 90 minutes

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 239

106 BC - Cicero, Roman statesman and philosopher (d. 43 BC)
1196 - Emperor Tsuchimikado of Japan (d. 1231)
1624 - William Tucker, 1st African American child born in America
1680 - Johann Baptist Zimmermann, German stucco worker
1698 - Pietro Metastasio, Italian poet (d. 1782)
1710 - Richard Gridley, American Revolutionary soldier (d. 1796)
1719 - Francisco José Freire, Portuguese historian (d. 1773)
1722 - Fredric Hasselquist, Swedish naturalist (d. 1752)
1730 - Charles Palissot de Montenoy, French writer/politician
1757 - Johann Abraham Sixt, composer
Roman Statesman & Philosopher CiceroRoman Statesman & Philosopher Cicero (106 BC) 1760 - John Storm, American Revolutionary soldier (d. 1835)
1763 - Joseph Fesch, French cardinal/war commission/earl/senator
1777 - Louis Poinsot, French instrument worker
1777 - M A Elisa Bonaparte, Corsican monarch of Lucca/Piombino
1778 - Antoni Melchior Fijałkowski, Polish bishop (d. 1861)
1786 - Johann Christian Friedrich Schneider, composer
1789 - Carl G Carus, German physician/psychologist/philosopher
1793 - Lucretia Coffin Mott, US, teacher/minister/abolitionist/feminist
1802 - Feliks Ostrowski, composer
1802 - Charles Pelham Villiers, British House of Commons member (d. 1898)
1803 - Douglas William Jerrold, author/playwright/wit (Punch Mag), born in London, England
1806 - Henriette Sontag, German soprano (d. 1854)
1810 - Antoine T d'Abbadie, French explorer (Ethiopia) [or Jul 24]
1810 - Eliza Von Bretton di Zerega, Danish West Indies, baroness
1819 - Thomas Hill Watts, Atty Gen (Confederacy), (d. 1892)
1819 - Charles Piazzi Smyth, Astronomer Royal for Scotland (d. 1900)
1823 - Jaak-Nikolaas Lemmens, Flemish composer
1828 - Karl Collan, Finnish composer
1829 - John G R Acquoy, theologist/church historian
1829 - Konrad Duden, German linguist (Der grosse Duden)
1830 - Alexander Ewing, composer
1835 - Larkin Goldsmith Mead, sculptor
1836 - Sakamoto Ryoma, Japanese revolutionary (d. 1867)
1840 - Father Joseph Damien de Veuster, Belgium, helped lepers in Hawaii
1853 - Iwan Knorr, composer
1855 - Hubert Bland, English socialist (d. 1914)
1861 - William Renshaw, British champion tennis player (d. 1904)
1862 - Sir Matthew Nathan, British Governor of Queensland and other places (d. 1939)
1865 - Henry Lytton, British actor and opera singer (d. 1936)
1868 - Franz V M Cumont, Belgian religious historian
1869 - Paul Charles Rene Landormy, composer
1870 - Henry Eichheim, composer
1870 - Henry Handel Richardson, Australia, novelist (Richard Mahoney)
1873 - Ichizo Kobayashi, Japanese businessman (d. 1957)
1876 - Wilhelm Pieck, co-founder German Communist Party/pres (1949-60)
1879 - Grace Anna Goodhue Coolidge, US First Lady (1923-29)
1882 - Willem Benoy, Flemish actor/director (Pygmalion)
British Prime Minister Clement AttleeBritish Prime Minister Clement Attlee (1883) 1883 - Clement Attlee, British Prime Minister (L-1945-51), born in Putney, London (d. 1967)
1884 - Eli S Jones, US, evangelist (Christ of Indian road)
1884 - Raoul Armand Georg Koczalski, composer
1886 - Arthur Mailey, cricketer (great Aussie leg-spinner & cartoonist)
1886 - John G Fletcher, US, poet (Epic of Arkansas)
1886 - Josephine Hull, Newtonville MA, Academy award actress (Harvey)
1887 - Helen Parkhurst, US educator (Education on the Dalton plan)
1887 - August Macke, German painter (d. 1914)
1891 - Osip E Mandelstam, Polish/Russian poet/author (Kamenj) [NS=Jan 15]
1892 - John Ronald Reuel Tolkien, South Africa, philologist/writer (Lord of Rings)
1893 - Pierre Drieu La Rochelle, French novelist/essayist (Gilles)
1894 - ZaSu Pitts, American actress (d. 1963)
Writer and Academic J. R. R. TolkienWriter and Academic J. R. R. Tolkien (1892) 1895 - Boris Mykolayovich Lyatoshyns'ky, composer
1895 - Mihail Andricu, composer
1897 - Marion Davies, [Marion Cecelia Douras], Bkln, actress (Operator 13)
1897 - Pola Negri, [Barbara A Chalupec], Polish/US actress (Madame Bovary)
1898 - Johannes Hin, Holland, yachtsman (Olympic-gold-1920)
1898 - ZaSu Pitts, Parsons Kansas, actress (Life With Father, Dames)
1900 - Dorothy Arnzer, director
1900 - Maurice Jaubert, composer
1901 - Eric Voegelin, Germany, US philosopher (Order & History)
1901 - Ngo Dinh Diem, pres/dictator of South Vietnam (1955-63)
1902 - Henry Lennox d'Aubigny Hopkinson, diplomat/politician
1903 - Charles Foulkes, Canada, general
1904 - Boris Kochno, Russian ballet dancer (La Chatte)
1905 - Dante Giacosa, engineer/designer
1905 - Ray Milland, Neath Wales, actor (Lost Weekend-Acad Award 1945)
1905 - Anna May Wong, American actress (Shanghai Express, Piccadilly), born in Los Angeles, California
1906 - Roman Brandstaetter, writer
1909 - Victor Borge, [Borge Rosenbaum], Copenhagen Denmark, pianist/comedian
1910 - Thomas Stuart Willan, historian
1910 - Frenchy Bordagaray, American baseball player (d. 2000)
1911 - John Sturges, US, director (Old Man & Sea, Magnificent 7)
1912 - Robert Flemyng, actor (Windom's Way, Young Winston), born in Liverpool, England
1912 - Renaude Lapointe, Canadian journalist and senator (d. 2002)
1912 - Armand Lohikoski, Finnish director (d. 2005)
1914 - Jean Louvel, Flemish pianist/conductor/composer
1916 - Antonio Estevez, composer
1916 - Betty Furness, actress/journalist/consumer activist (Studio 1), born in NYC, New York
1916 - Bernard Greenhouse, American cellist
1917 - Vernon Walters, US permanent rep to the UN, born in NYC, New York
1917 - Roger W. Straus, Jr., American publisher (d. 2004)
1918 - Maxene Andrews, Minn, singer (Andrew Sisters-Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy)
1919 - Jesse White, Buf NY, actor (Bedtime for Bonzo, Million Dollar Mermaid)
1920 - Renato Carosone, Italian musician (d. 2001)
1921 - John Russell, actor (Pale Rider, Rio Bravo), born in Los Angeles, California
1922 - Bill Travers, Newcastle-on-Tyne England, actor (Born Free, Gorgo)
1922 - Jacques Wildberger, Swiss composer (In My End is My Beginning)
1922 - Morten Nielsen, Denmark, poet/resistance fighter
1923 - Dragutin Gostuski, composer
1923 - Charles Tingwell, Australian actor
1924 - Andre Franquin, cartoonist
1924 - Henry M Fazzie, S Afr Union/UDF-leader

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 8 of 8

Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States John MarshallChief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States John Marshall (1783) 1783 - US Chief Justice of the Supreme Court John Marshall (27) weds Mary Willis Ambler in Hanover County, Virginia
1923 - German politician Hermann Goering (30) weds Carin Hulda (34)
1939 - MLB catcher Roy Campanella (18) weds Bernice Ray
1986 - Britain's greatest golfer Nick Faldo (28) weds manager's secretary Gill Bennett
1987 - Singer/Miss America Vanessa Williams marries Ramon T Hervey in NYC
1987 - Tennis player champ Mats Wilander (22) weds model Sonya Mulholland in South Africa
2003 - Actress Emily Mortimer (31) weds actor Alessandro Nivola (30) in Chilterns, Buckinghamshire
2004 - Singer Britney Spears (22) weds childhood pal Jason Allen Alexander in Las Vegas, Nevada

Famous Divorces

Divorces 1 - 1 of 1

Composer Andrew Lloyd WebberComposer Andrew Lloyd Webber (1990) 1990 - Composer Andrew Lloyd Webber (41) divorces singer/dancer Sarah Brightman (29) after almost 7 years of marriage

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 150

235 - Pope St Anterus (b. unknown)
1098 - Walkelin, first Norman bishop of Winchester (b. unknown)
1322 - Philip V, the Tall, King of France (1316-22), dies
1437 - Catherine of Valois, wife of Henry V of England (b. 1401)
1501 - Ali Sjir Neva'i [Fani], Turkish poet/author, dies at 59
1543 - Juan Cabrillo, conqueror of Cen America, discoverer of California, dies
1552 - Henry II of Bavaria, bishop of Utrecht (1524-29), dies at 64
1560 - Peder Palladus, Danish church reformer (Visitasbog), dies at about 56
1570 - Bartholomeus Latomus, [Steinmetz], Flemish archbishop of Trier, dies
1571 - Joachim II Hector, elector (Brandenburg), dies at 65
1628 - Francesco Maria Guaitoli, composer, dies at 64
1641 - Jeremiah Horrocks, English astronomical prodigy, dies at 22
1656 - Mathieu Molé, French statesman (b. 1584)
1661 - Maria I Stuart, Queen of England/husband of Willem II, dies at 29 [NS]
1670 - George Monck, English general(-to the-sea), dies at 61
1690 - Hillel ben Naphtali Zevi, Lithuanian rabbi (b. 1615)
1701 - Prince Louis I of Monaco (b. 1642)
1743 - Ferdinando Galli-Bibiena, Italian architect and designer (b. 1657)
1759 - Marquis & Marquess of Tavora, Portugese nobles, executed
1761 - Willem de Fesch, Dutch violinist/composer (Joseph), dies at 73
1779 - Claude Bourgelat, French veterinary surgeon (b. 1712)
1785 - Baldassare Galuppi, Italian composer (b. 1706)
1795 - Josiah Wedgwood, British, ceramic craftsman/woodworker, dies at 64
1813 - Bennelong, Australian aboriginal interlocutor between his tribe and the British settlers (b. c. 1764)
1826 - Louis Gabriel Suchet, French marshal (b. 1770)
1829 - Robert Archibald Smith, composer, dies at 48
1836 - Friedrich Witt, composer, dies at 65
1841 - Wilhelmus Kist, writer/director of Dutch (Official) Gazette, dies at 82
1853 - Theodor Uhlig, composer, dies at 30
1858 - Rachel, [Elisabeth Rachel-Félix], Fr singer/actress (Muse), dies at 36
1865 - Jozef Lies, Flemish painter, dies at 43
1868 - Moritz Hauptmann, composer, dies at 75
1870 - Konstantin Ushinsky, Russian educationalist, dies at 46
1873 - John Lodge Ellerton, composer, dies at 71
1875 - Baldassare Galuppi, Italian composer (opera's buff), dies at 68
1875 - Pierre Larousse, French editor (b. 1817)
1882 - William H Ainsworth, English writer (Guy Fawkes), dies at 76
1895 - James Merritt Ives, American lithographer with Nathaniel Currier (b. 1824)
1898 - James Wimshurst, British designer/inventor (vacuum pump), dies at 70
1900 - Edwin George Monk, composer, dies at 80
1903 - Alois Hitler, father of Adolf Hitler (b. 1837)
1907 - Josef Foerster, composer, dies at 73
1911 - Alexandros Papadiamantis, Greek author (b. 1851)
1912 - Felix Dahn, writer, dies at 77
1914 - Stephane Raoul Pugno, composer, dies at 62
1915 - James E Flecker, British diplomat/novelist (Hassan), dies at 30
1916 - Grenville M. Dodge, American Civil War Union Army Major General (b. 1831)
1923 - Jaroslav Hasek, Czech writer (Good Soldier Schweyk), dies at 39
1927 - Carle David Tolmé Runge, German physicist (b. 1856)
1931 - Joseph J C Joffre, French marshal, dies at 78
1933 - Wilhelm Cuno, German Reich's chancellor (1922-23), dies at 56
1933 - Jack Pickford, Canadian actor (b. 1896)
1938 - Arthur Boon, Flemish priest/philologist, dies at 54
1942 - Pauline Beersmans, [PLJM van Cuyck], Flemish actress, dies at 70
1943 - Sir Walter James, Premier of Western Australia (b. 1863)
1944 - Jurgis Baltrušaitis, Lithuanian poet (b. 1873)
1945 - Fyodor Akimenko, composer, dies at 68
1945 - Edgar Cayce, American psychic (b. 1877)
1945 - Ferdynand Antoni Ossendowski, Polish writer (b. 1879)
1946 - William Joyce, (Lord Haw Haw), hanged in Britain for treason
1951 - Fred Barlow, composer, dies at 69
1956 - Alexander Tikhonovich Gretshaninov, Russian/US composer, dies at 91
1956 - Joseph Wirth, 5th Chancellor of the Weimar Republic (Germany) (b. 1876)
1960 - Victor Seastrom, entertainer, dies at 80
1963 - Oscar Backing, Austria/Neth viola player, dies at 83
1965 - Betty Harte, entertainer, dies at 82
1965 - Julius Tannen, comedian, dies at 84
1966 - Rex Lease, actor (Perils of Pauline, Dakota, California), dies at 62
Killer of Lee Harvey Oswald Jack RubyKiller of Lee Harvey Oswald Jack Ruby (1967) 1967 - Jack Ruby, assassin who killed assassin Lee Harvey Oswald, dies of pulmonary embolism at 55
1967 - Mary Garden, opera star, dies at 92
1969 - Howard McNear, actor (Irma La Douce), dies after long illness at 63
1969 - Jean Focas, Greco-French astronomer (b. 1909)
1970 - Gladys Aylward, British missionary in China; portrayed by Ingrid Bergman in The Inn of the Sixth Happiness (b. 1902)
1972 - Frans Masereel, Flem WWII resistance fighter (Le Soleil), dies at 82
1974 - Gino Cervi, actor (Becket, Don Camillo), dies at 72
1975 - Milton J Cross, TV announcer (Met Opera Auditions), dies at 87
1975 - Robert Neumann, Austrian/British author (False Flag), dies at 77
1975 - Walter Linck, Swiss sculptor, dies at 71
1976 - Mal Evans, Beatles' roadie, dies
1976 - Mateusz Glinski, composer, dies at 83
1976 - Michael V Love, US test pilot (X-24), dies in F-4 crash at 37
1977 - Avraham Ofer, Israeli minister of housing, commits suicide
1977 - Benno Stokvis, Dutch attorney/politician, dies at 75
1979 - Conrad Hilton, US founder (Hilton Hotels), dies at 91
1980 - Amos Milburn, rocker, dies at 52
1980 - Axel Springer Jr, German photographer, commits suicide at 38
1980 - Ivan Triesault, actor (Von Ryan's Express, Desert Fox), dies at 81
1980 - Lucien Buysse, Belgian cyclist (b. 1892)
Naturalist and Author Joy AdamsonNaturalist and Author Joy Adamson (1980) 1980 - Joy Adamson, Czech conservationist and author (Born Free), killed by her servant at 69
1981 - Princess Alice of Albany (b. 1883)
1982 - Derek Sealy, cricketer (West Indies 1930-39), dies
1985 - Lucien Cailliet, composer, dies at 93
1986 - Jens Bjerre, composer, dies at 82
1988 - Gaston Eyskens, PM of Belgium (1949, 1958-61, 1968-72), dies at 82
1988 - William Cagney, actor (Torrid Zone), dies of a heart attack at 82
1988 - Rose Ausländer, German poet (b. 1901)
1988 - Joie Chitwood, American racedriver & Daredevil (b. 1912)
1989 - Sergei Lvovich Sobolev, Russian mathematician (b. 1909)
1990 - Ken Hill, actor (Cobra, Protocol), dies
1990 - Arthur Gold, American pianist, half of Gold and Fizdale duo (b. 1917)

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