This Day in History for 3rd January

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 163

236 - St Anterus ends his reign as Catholic Pope
269 - St Felix I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
936 - Duke Alberik II of Spoleto appoints his son Pope Leo VII
1338 - Jacob of Arteveld elected mayor of Ghent
1407 - Bloody battles between Hoeksen & Kabeljauwen in Dordrecht
1431 - Joan of Arc handed over to Bishop Pierre Cauchon
1496 - Leonardo da Vinci unsuccessfully tests a flying machine.
1521 - Martin Luther excommunicated by Pope Leo X from the Roman Catholic Church
1638 - Dutch Premier Van Joost speaks of "Hostage rights of Aemstel"
1638 - Schouwburg Theater, the 1st in Amsterdam, opens
1667 - Resistance of Androsovo in Russia-Poland
1746 - Bonnie Prince Charlies army leaves Glasgow, [NS=1/14]
Founder of Protestanism Martin LutherFounder of Protestanism Martin Luther 1749 - Benning Wentworth issues the first of the New Hampshire Grants, leading to the establishment of Vermont.
1750 - Tax revolt in Haarlem Neth
1752 - East Indies invasion "Geldermalsen" leaves at Malakka: 92 killed
1777 - General George Washington's revolutionary army defeats British forces at Battle of Princeton, NJ
1780 - Danish national anthem "Kong Kristian...," 1st sung
1823 - Stephen F. Austin receives a grant of land in Texas from the government of Mexico.
1825 - Scottish factory owner Robert Owen buys 30,000 acres in Indiana as site for New Harmony utopian community
1831 - 1st US building & loan association organized, Frankford, Penn
Founder of Texas Stephen F. AustinFounder of Texas Stephen F. Austin 1833 - Britain seizes control of Falkland Islands in South Atlantic
1834 - The government of Mexico imprisons Stephen F. Austin in Mexico City.
1840 - 1st deep sea sounding
1848 - Joseph Jenkins Roberts is sworn in as the first President of the independent African Republic of Liberia.
1852 - 1st Chinese arrive in Hawaii
1861 - Delaware legislature rejects proposal to join Confederacy
1861 - US Ft Pulaski & Ft Jackson, Savannah, seized by Georgia
1862 - Romney Campaign-Stonewall Jackson moves north from Winchester
1865 - Con Orem & Hugh O'Neill box 193 rounds before darkness ends match
Confederate General Stonewall JacksonConfederate General Stonewall Jackson 1868 - Meiji Restoration returns authority to Japan's emperors
1870 - Construction begins on Brooklyn Bridge in New York; completed May 24, 1883
1871 - Oleomargarine patented by Henry Bradley, Binghamton, NY
1872 - 1st patent list issued by US Patent Office
1888 - 1st wax drinking straw patented, by Marvin C Stone in Washington DC
1889 - Admissions convention meets in Ellensburg, WA, asks for statehood
1890 - 1st US college-level dairy school opens at University of Wisconsin
1896 - Emperor Wilhelm congratulates Pres Kruger on the Jameson Raid
1899 - The first known use of the word automobile, was seen in an editorial in The New York Times.
Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart HauptmannAuthor and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann 1900 - Gerhart Hauptmann's "Schluck und Jau," premieres in Berlin
1900 - Perihelion Passage
1902 - Reg Duff 104 on Test debut, v England at MCG
1910 - British miners strike for 8 hour working day
1911 - US postal savings bank inaugurated
1912 - South Pacific RR offers to bring Liberty Bell to Exposition, free
1912 - 10th Davis Cup: Australasia beats USA in Christchurch (5-0)
1914 - Kelman/Cushing/Heath' musical "Sari," premieres in NYC
1918 - US employment service opens as a unit of Dept of Labor
1920 - Arthur Honegger's "Chant de Nigamon," premieres
1921 - Turkey makes peace with Armenia
1922 - 1st living person identified on a US coin (Thomas E Kirby) on the Alabama Centennial half-dollar
Italian Dictator Benito MussoliniItalian Dictator Benito Mussolini 1925 - Benito Mussolini dissolves Italian parliament/becomes dictator
1926 - Greek gen Theodorus Pangulos names himself dictator
1929 - 27 year old William S Paley becomes CBS pres
1929 - Bradman scores 112 v England at MCG - his 1st Test century
1931 - Nels Stewart of Montreal Maroons scores 2 goals in 4 sec (record)
1932 - Martial law is declared in Honduras to stop revolt by banana workers fired by United Fruit.
1933 - Minnie D. Craig becomes the first female elected as Speaker of the North Dakota House of Representatives, the first female to hold a Speaker position anywhere in the United States.
1938 - March of Dimes established to fight polio
1939 - Gene Cox becomes 1st girl page in US House of Representatives
1940 - WPG-AM in Atlantic City NJ consolidates with WBIL & WOV as "new" WOV
1941 - Canada & US acquire air bases in Newfoundland (99 yr lease)
1941 - Italian counter offensive in Albania
1941 - Sergei Rachmaninov's "Symphonic Dances" premieres in Philadelphia
1942 - American-British-Dutch-Australian (ABDA) Command forms
1943 - 1st missing persons telecast (NYC)
1943 - Canadian Army troops arrive in North Africa
1944 - World War II: Top Ace Major Greg "Pappy" Boyington is shot down in his Corsair by Captain Masajiro Kawato flying a Zero.
1945 - Allies land on west coast of Burma, conquer Akyab
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston ChurchillSoldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill 1945 - British Premier Winston Churchill visits France
1945 - Cato-Meridian School, NY, installs germicidal lamps in every room
1945 - Greek General Plastiras forms government
1945 - John Patrick's "Hasty Heart," premieres in NYC
1945 - US aircraft carriers attack Okinawa
1947 - 1st opening session of Congress to be televised
1947 - William Dawson becomes 1st black to head congressional committee
1948 - Bradman completes dual Test tons (132 & 127*) v India MCG
1949 - "Colgate Theater" dramatic anthology series premieres on NBC TV
1951 - 9 Jewish Kremlin physicians "exposed" as British/US agents
1951 - Fred Wilt wins AAU Sullivan Memorial Trophy (US athlete of 1950)
1952 - "Dragnet" with Jack Webb premieres on NBC TV
1952 - Australia beat W Indies by one wicket at the MCG, last stand 38
1953 - Frances Bolton and her son, Oliver from Ohio, become the first mother and son to serve simultaneously in the U.S. Congress.
1955 - Jose Ramon Guizado becomes president of Panama
1956 - A fire damages the top part of the Eiffel Tower.
1957 - 1st electric watch introduced, Lancaster Pa
Mountaineer and Explorer Edmund HillaryMountaineer and Explorer Edmund Hillary 1958 - Edmund Hillary reaches South Pole overland
1958 - Lindsay Kline takes a hat-trick v South Africa at Cape Town
1958 - The West Indies Federation is formed.
1959 - Alaska admitted as 49th US state
1961 - Adam Clayton Powell elected Chairman of House Education & Labor
1961 - US breaks diplomatic relations with Cuba
1962 - Ground is broken for the Houston Astrodome
1962 - Pope John XXIII excommunicates Fidel Castro
1963 - WOUB TV channel 20 in Athens, OH (PBS) begins broadcasting
1964 - Jack Paar Show, shows a clip of the Beatles singing "She Loves You"
Cuban President Fidel CastroCuban President Fidel Castro 1966 - Floyd B McKissick, named national director of CORE
1967 - "Tonight Show" is shortened from 105 to 90 minutes
1967 - Carl Wilson of the Beach Boys is indicted for draft evasion
1967 - WJAN TV channel 17 in Canton, OH (IND) begins broadcasting
1969 - John Lennon's "2 Virgins" album declared pornographic in NJ

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 239

106 BC - Cicero, Roman statesman and philosopher (d. 43 BC)
1196 - Emperor Tsuchimikado of Japan (d. 1231)
1624 - William Tucker, 1st Black child born in America
1680 - Johann Baptist Zimmermann, German stucco worker
1698 - Pietro Metastasio, Italian poet (d. 1782)
1710 - Richard Gridley, American Revolutionary soldier (d. 1796)
Roman Statesman & Philosopher CiceroRoman Statesman & Philosopher Cicero (106 BC) 1719 - Francisco José Freire, Portuguese historian (d. 1773)
1722 - Fredric Hasselquist, Swedish naturalist (d. 1752)
1730 - Charles Palissot de Montenoy, French writer/politician
1757 - Johann Abraham Sixt, composer
1760 - John Storm, American Revolutionary soldier (d. 1835)
1763 - Joseph Fesch, French cardinal/war commission/earl/senator
1777 - Louis Poinsot, French instrument worker
1777 - M A Elisa Bonaparte, Corsican monarch of Lucca/Piombino
1778 - Antoni Melchior Fijałkowski, Polish bishop (d. 1861)
1786 - Johann Christian Friedrich Schneider, composer
1789 - Carl G Carus, German physician/psychologist/philosopher
1793 - Lucretia Coffin Mott, US, teacher/minister/abolitionist/feminist
1802 - Feliks Ostrowski, composer
1802 - Charles Pelham Villiers, British House of Commons member (d. 1898)
1803 - Douglas William Jerrold, London, author/playwright/wit (Punch Mag)
1806 - Henriette Sontag, German soprano (d. 1854)
1810 - Antoine T d'Abbadie, French explorer (Ethiopia) [or Jul 24]
1810 - Eliza Von Bretton di Zerega, Danish West Indies, baroness
1819 - Thomas Hill Watts, Atty Gen (Confederacy), died in 1892
1819 - Charles Piazzi Smyth, Astronomer Royal for Scotland (d. 1900)
1823 - Jaak-Nikolaas Lemmens, Flemish composer
1828 - Karl Collan, Finnish composer
1829 - John G R Acquoy, theologist/church historian
1829 - Konrad Duden, German linguist (Der grosse Duden)
1830 - Alexander Ewing, composer
1835 - Larkin Goldsmith Mead, sculptor
1836 - Sakamoto Ryoma, Japanese revolutionary (d. 1867)
1840 - Father Joseph Damien de Veuster, Belgium, helped lepers in Hawaii
1853 - Iwan Knorr, composer
1855 - Hubert Bland, English socialist (d. 1914)
1861 - William Renshaw, British champion tennis player (d. 1904)
1862 - Sir Matthew Nathan, British Governor of Queensland and other places (d. 1939)
1865 - Henry Lytton, British actor and opera singer (d. 1936)
1868 - Franz V M Cumont, Belgian religious historian
1869 - Paul Charles Rene Landormy, composer
1870 - Henry Eichheim, composer
1870 - Henry Handel Richardson, Australia, novelist (Richard Mahoney)
1873 - Ichizo Kobayashi, Japanese businessman (d. 1957)
1876 - Wilhelm Pieck, co-founder German Communist Party/pres (1949-60)
1879 - Grace Anna Goodhue Coolidge, US First Lady (1923-29)
1882 - Willem Benoy, Flemish actor/director (Pygmalion)
1883 - Clement Richard Attlee, (L) British PM (1945-51)
1884 - Eli S Jones, US, evangelist (Christ of Indian road)
1884 - Raoul Armand Georg Koczalski, composer
1886 - Arthur Mailey, cricketer (great Aussie leg-spinner & cartoonist)
1886 - John G Fletcher, US, poet (Epic of Arkansas)
1886 - Josephine Hull, Newtonville MA, Academy award actress (Harvey)
1887 - Helen Parkhurst, US educator (Education on the Dalton plan)
1887 - August Macke, German painter (d. 1914)
1891 - Osip E Mandelstam, Polish/Russian poet/author (Kamenj) [NS=Jan 15]
Writer and Academic J. R. R. TolkienWriter and Academic J. R. R. Tolkien (1892) 1892 - John Ronald Reuel Tolkien, South Africa, philologist/writer (Lord of Rings)
1893 - Pierre Drieu La Rochelle, French novelist/essayist (Gilles)
1894 - ZaSu Pitts, American actress (d. 1963)
1895 - Boris Mykolayovich Lyatoshyns'ky, composer
1895 - Mihail Andricu, composer
1897 - Marion Davies, [Marion Cecelia Douras], Bkln, actress (Operator 13)
1897 - Pola Negri, [Barbara A Chalupec], Polish/US actress (Madame Bovary)
1898 - Johannes Hin, Holland, yachtsman (Olympic-gold-1920)
1898 - ZaSu Pitts, Parsons Kansas, actress (Life With Father, Dames)
1900 - Dorothy Arnzer, director
1900 - Maurice Jaubert, composer
1901 - Eric Voegelin, Germany, US philosopher (Order & History)
1901 - Ngo Dinh Diem, pres/dictator of South Vietnam (1955-63)
1902 - Henry Lennox d'Aubigny Hopkinson, diplomat/politician
1903 - Charles Foulkes, Canada, general
1904 - Boris Kochno, Russian ballet dancer (La Chatte)
1905 - Dante Giacosa, engineer/designer
1905 - Ray Milland, Neath Wales, actor (Lost Weekend-Acad Award 1945)
1905 - Anna May Wong, Los Angeles, California, American actress (Shanghai Express, Piccadilly)
1906 - Roman Brandstaetter, writer
1909 - Victor Borge, [Borge Rosenbaum], Copenhagen Denmark, pianist/comedian
1910 - Thomas Stuart Willan, historian
1910 - Frenchy Bordagaray, American baseball player (d. 2000)
1911 - John Sturges, US, director (Old Man & Sea, Magnificent 7)
1912 - Robert Flemyng, Liverpool England, actor (Windom's Way, Young Winston)
1912 - Renaude Lapointe, Canadian journalist and senator (d. 2002)
1912 - Armand Lohikoski, Finnish director (d. 2005)
1914 - Jean Louvel, Flemish pianist/conductor/composer
1916 - Antonio Estevez, composer
1916 - Betty Furness, NYC, actress/journalist/consumer activist (Studio 1)
1916 - Bernard Greenhouse, American cellist
1917 - Vernon Walters, NYC, US permanent rep to the UN
1917 - Roger W. Straus, Jr., American publisher (d. 2004)
1918 - Maxene Andrews, Minn, singer (Andrew Sisters-Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy)
1919 - Jesse White, Buf NY, actor (Bedtime for Bonzo, Million Dollar Mermaid)
1920 - Renato Carosone, Italian musician (d. 2001)
1921 - John Russell, Los Angeles California, actor (Pale Rider, Rio Bravo)
1922 - Bill Travers, Newcastle-on-Tyne England, actor (Born Free, Gorgo)
1922 - Jacques Wildberger, Swiss composer (In My End is My Beginning)
1922 - Morten Nielsen, Denmark, poet/resistance fighter
1923 - Dragutin Gostuski, composer
1923 - Charles Tingwell, Australian actor
1924 - Andre Franquin, cartoonist
1924 - Henry M Fazzie, S Afr Union/UDF-leader

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 6 of 6

Nazi Politician Hermann GoeringNazi Politician Hermann Goering (1923) 1923 - Politician Hermann Goering (30) weds Carin Hulda (34)
1939 - MLB catcher Roy Campanella (18) weds Bernice Ray
1986 - Britain's greatest golfer Nick Faldo (28) weds manager's secretary Gill Bennett
1987 - Singer/Miss America Vanessa Williams marries Ramon T Hervey in NYC
2003 - Actress Emily Mortimer (31) weds actor Alessandro Nivola (30) in Chilterns, Buckinghamshire
2004 - Singer Britney Spears (22) weds childhood pal Jason Allen Alexander in Las Vegas, Nevada

Famous Divorces

Divorces 1 - 1 of 1

Composer Andrew Lloyd WebberComposer Andrew Lloyd Webber (1990) 1990 - Composer Andrew Lloyd Webber (41) divorces singer/dancer Sarah Brightman (29) after almost 7 years of marriage

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 150

235 - Pope St Anterus (b. unknown)
1098 - Walkelin, first Norman bishop of Winchester (b. unknown)
1322 - Philip V, the Tall, King of France (1316-22), dies
1437 - Catherine of Valois, wife of Henry V of England (b. 1401)
1501 - Ali Sjir Neva'i [Fani], Turkish poet/author, dies at 59
1543 - Juan Cabrillo, conqueror of Cen America, discoverer of California, dies
1552 - Henry II of Bavaria, bishop of Utrecht (1524-29), dies at 64
1560 - Peder Palladus, Danish church reformer (Visitasbog), dies at about 56
1570 - Bartholomeus Latomus, [Steinmetz], Flemish archbishop of Trier, dies
1571 - Joachim II Hector, elector (Brandenburg), dies at 65
1628 - Francesco Maria Guaitoli, composer, dies at 64
1641 - Jeremiah Horrocks, English astronomical prodigy, dies at 22
1656 - Mathieu Molé, French statesman (b. 1584)
1661 - Maria I Stuart, Queen of England/husband of Willem II, dies at 29 [NS]
1670 - George Monck, English general(-to the-sea), dies at 61
1690 - Hillel ben Naphtali Zevi, Lithuanian rabbi (b. 1615)
1701 - Prince Louis I of Monaco (b. 1642)
1743 - Ferdinando Galli-Bibiena, Italian architect and designer (b. 1657)
1759 - Marquis & Marquess of Tavora, Portugese nobles, executed
1761 - Willem de Fesch, Dutch violinist/composer (Joseph), dies at 73
1779 - Claude Bourgelat, French veterinary surgeon (b. 1712)
1785 - Baldassare Galuppi, Italian composer (b. 1706)
1795 - Josiah Wedgwood, British, ceramic craftsman/woodworker, dies at 64
1813 - Bennelong, Australian aboriginal interlocutor between his tribe and the British settlers (b. c. 1764)
1826 - Louis Gabriel Suchet, French marshal (b. 1770)
1829 - Robert Archibald Smith, composer, dies at 48
1836 - Friedrich Witt, composer, dies at 65
1841 - Wilhelmus Kist, writer/director of Dutch (Official) Gazette, dies at 82
1853 - Theodor Uhlig, composer, dies at 30
1858 - Rachel, [Elisabeth Rachel-Félix], Fr singer/actress (Muse), dies at 36
1865 - Jozef Lies, Flemish painter, dies at 43
1868 - Moritz Hauptmann, composer, dies at 75
1870 - Konstantin Ushinsky, Russian educationalist, dies at 46
1873 - John Lodge Ellerton, composer, dies at 71
1875 - Baldassare Galuppi, Italian composer (opera's buff), dies at 68
1875 - George Bizet, composer, dies
1875 - Pierre Larousse, French editor (b. 1817)
1882 - William H Ainsworth, English writer (Guy Fawkes), dies at 76
1895 - James Merritt Ives, American lithographer with Nathaniel Currier (b. 1824)
1898 - James Wimshurst, British designer/inventor (vacuum pump), dies at 70
1900 - Edwin George Monk, composer, dies at 80
1903 - Alois Hitler, father of Adolf Hitler (b. 1837)
1907 - Josef Foerster, composer, dies at 73
1911 - Alexandros Papadiamantis, Greek author (b. 1851)
1912 - Felix Dahn, writer, dies at 77
1914 - Stephane Raoul Pugno, composer, dies at 62
1915 - James E Flecker, British diplomat/novelist (Hassan), dies at 30
1916 - Grenville M. Dodge, American Civil War Union Army Major General (b. 1831)
1923 - Jaroslav Hasek, Czech writer (Good Soldier Schweyk), dies at 39
1927 - Carle David Tolmé Runge, German physicist (b. 1856)
1931 - Joseph J C Joffre, French marshal, dies at 78
1933 - Wilhelm Cuno, German Reich's chancellor (1922-23), dies at 56
1933 - Jack Pickford, Canadian actor (b. 1896)
1938 - Arthur Boon, Flemish priest/philologist, dies at 54
1942 - Pauline Beersmans, [PLJM van Cuyck], Flemish actress, dies at 70
1943 - Sir Walter James, Premier of Western Australia (b. 1863)
1944 - Jurgis Baltrušaitis, Lithuanian poet (b. 1873)
1945 - Fyodor Akimenko, composer, dies at 68
1945 - Edgar Cayce, American psychic (b. 1877)
1945 - Ferdynand Antoni Ossendowski, Polish writer (b. 1879)
1946 - William Joyce, (Lord Haw Haw), hanged in Britain for treason
1951 - Fred Barlow, composer, dies at 69
1956 - Alexander Tikhonovich Gretshaninov, Russian/US composer, dies at 91
1956 - Joseph Wirth, 5th Chancellor of the Weimar Republic (Germany) (b. 1876)
1960 - Victor Seastrom, entertainer, dies at 80
1963 - Oscar Backing, Austria/Neth viola player, dies at 83
1965 - Betty Harte, entertainer, dies at 82
1965 - Julius Tannen, comedian, dies at 84
1966 - Rex Lease, actor (Perils of Pauline, Dakota, California), dies at 62
Night club operator Jack RubyNight club operator Jack Ruby (1967) 1967 - Jack Ruby, assassin who killed assassin Lee Harvey Oswald, dies at 55
1967 - Mary Garden, opera star, dies at 92
1969 - Howard McNear, actor (Irma La Douce), dies after long illness at 63
1969 - Jean Focas, Greco-French astronomer (b. 1909)
1970 - Gladys Aylward, British missionary in China; portrayed by Ingrid Bergman in The Inn of the Sixth Happiness (b. 1902)
1972 - Frans Masereel, Flem WWII resistance fighter (Le Soleil), dies at 82
1974 - Gino Cervi, actor (Becket, Don Camillo), dies at 72
1975 - Milton J Cross, TV announcer (Met Opera Auditions), dies at 87
1975 - Robert Neumann, Austrian/British author (False Flag), dies at 77
1975 - Walter Linck, Swiss sculptor, dies at 71
1976 - Mal Evans, Beatles' roadie, dies
1976 - Mateusz Glinski, composer, dies at 83
1976 - Michael V Love, US test pilot (X-24), dies in F-4 crash at 37
1977 - Avraham Ofer, Israeli minister of housing, commits suicide
1977 - Benno Stokvis, Dutch attorney/politician, dies at 75
1979 - Conrad Hilton, US founder (Hilton Hotels), dies at 91
1980 - Amos Milburn, rocker, dies at 52
1980 - Axel Springer Jr, German photographer, commits suicide at 38
1980 - Ivan Triesault, actor (Von Ryan's Express, Desert Fox), dies at 81
1980 - Lucien Buysse, Belgian cyclist (b. 1892)
Naturalist and Author Joy AdamsonNaturalist and Author Joy Adamson (1980) 1980 - Joy Adamson, Czech conservationist and author (Born Free), killed by her servant at 69
1981 - Princess Alice of Albany (b. 1883)
1982 - Derek Sealy, cricketer (West Indies 1930-39), dies
1985 - Lucien Cailliet, composer, dies at 93
1986 - Jens Bjerre, composer, dies at 82
1988 - Gaston Eyskens, PM of Belgium (1949, 1958-61, 1968-72), dies at 82
1988 - William Cagney, actor (Torrid Zone), dies of a heart attack at 82
1988 - Rose Ausländer, German poet (b. 1901)
1988 - Joie Chitwood, American racedriver & Daredevil (b. 1912)
1989 - Sergei Lvovich Sobolev, Russian mathematician (b. 1909)
1990 - Ken Hill, actor (Cobra, Protocol), dies

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