This Day in History for 30th January

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 193

1077 - Pope Gregory VII pardons German emperor Henry IV
1349 - Gunther of Schwarzburg chosen German anti-king
1349 - Jews of Freilsburg Germany are massacred
1467 - Battle at Velke Kostolany: Hung king Mátyás Corvinus beats Bratrici
1487 - Bell chimes invented
1522 - Duke of Albany takes captured French back to Scotland
1544 - Adrian van Goes becomes land advocate of Holland
1592 - Ippolito Aldobrandini elected Pope Clement VIII
1647 - Scots agree to sell King Charles I to English Parliament for £400
1648 - Spain & Netherlands sign Peace of Munster, ending the Thirty Years War
1661 - Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England is ritually executed after having been dead for two years.
1667 - Treaty/Truce of Andrusovo signed between Tsardom of Russia & Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth
1713 - England & Netherlands sign 2nd anti-French boundary treaty
1774 - Captain Cook reaches 71°10' south, 1820km from south pole (record)
1781 - Articles of Confederation ratified by 13th state, Maryland
1790 - Lifeboat 1st tested at sea, by Mr Greathead, the inventor
1797 - Congress refuses to accept 1st petitions from American blacks
1798 - Rep Matthew Lyon (Vt) spits in face of Rep Roger Griswold (Ct) in US House of Representatives, after an argument
1800 - US population: 5,308,483; Black population 1,002,037 (18.9%)
English Military and Political Leader Oliver CromwellEnglish Military and Political Leader Oliver Cromwell 1804 - Mungo Park leaves England seeking source of Niger River
1806 - Prussia takes possession of Hanover
1806 - The original Lower Trenton Toll Bridge , which spans the Delaware River between Morrisville, Pennsylvania and Trenton, New Jersey, is opened. A later bridge opened in 1935 is also known as the Trenton Makes - the World Takes Bridge.
1815 - Burned US Library of Congress reestablished with Thomas Jefferson's 6500 vols
1818 - Keats composes his sonnet, "When I Have Fears"
1820 - British explorer Edward Bransfield aboard Williams sights Trinity Peninsula, Antarctica claims for Britain
1826 - The Menai Suspension Bridge, considered the world's first modern suspension bridge, connecting the Isle of Anglesey to the north West coast of Wales is opened.
1835 - Richard Lawrence misfires at President Andrew Jackson in Washington DC in 1st attempted assassination of a US President
1841 - A fire destroys two-thirds of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico.
1847 - Yerba Buena renamed San Francisco
1854 - 1st election in Washington Territory; 1,682 votes cast
1858 - Charles Halle founds Halle Orchestra in Manchester, England
1858 - William Wells Brown published 1st Black drama, "Leap to Freedom"
1862 - USS Monitor, the US Navy's 1st ironclad warship launched
1877 - Storm flood ravages Dutch coastal provinces
US President & General Andrew JacksonUS President & General Andrew Jackson 1879 - French President MacMahon resigns
1883 - England team presented with ashes of a bail after Sydney Test
1888 - Harry Moses 297 not out for NSW against Victoria
1889 - John Herschel uses camera obscura to photograph 48" (120cm) telescope
1889 - Victoria beat NSW after following on (NSW all out 63 needed 76)
1889 - Archduke Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria, heir to the Austro-Hungarian crown, is found dead with his mistress Baroness Mary Vetsera in Mayerling.
1892 - Bobby Abel carries his bat for 132* for England in SCG Test
1892 - Capt Lugard occupies Uganda's King Mwanga's hide out
1894 - Pneumatic hammer patented by Charles King of Detroit
1894 - US flag fired on in Rio; prompt satisfaction exacted by Adm Benham
1895 - C J Eady (Tas) 1st Australian to score twin centuries (v Vic)
1895 - SS Elbe sinks after collision in North Sea, 332 killed
1895 - Tasmania beat Victoria for 1st F-C victory in 41 years
1911 - 1st rescue of an air passenger by a ship, near Havana, Cuba
1913 - UK House of Lords rejects Irish Home Rule Bill
1915 - German submarine attack on Le Havre
1915 - No 10 batsman F W Hyett scores century on debut, Vic v Tas
1917 - 1st jazz record recorded (Dark Town Strutters Ball)
1919 - Reds hire Pat Moran as manager as Christy Mathewson, is still in France with US Army
1921 - French rapist-murderer Henri-Desire Landru sentenced to death
1922 - Ted McDonald takes 8-58 in big Victorian win over NSW
1922 - World Law Day, 1st celebrated
1924 - Ponsford scores second 110 of the game in Vic win over NSW
1925 - Turkish government throws out Constantine VI of Constantinople
1927 - Left wins national election in Thuringen
1928 - 1st radio telephone connection between Netherlands & US
1928 - Bradman scores 134 not out (225 mins, 13 fours) NSW v Vic
1928 - Eugene O'Neill's "Strange Interlude," premieres in NYC
1930 - Vladimir Mayakovsky's "Banya," premieres in Leningrad
1930 - The world's first radiosonde is launched in Pavlovsk, USSR.
Comedian/Actor/Filmaker Charlie ChaplinComedian/Actor/Filmaker Charlie Chaplin 1931 - Charlie Chaplin's "City Lights" premieres at Los Angeles Theater
1932 - Grimmett 7-116 in South Africa 1st innings at Adelaide Oval
1933 - "Lone Ranger" begins a 21-year run on ABC radio
1933 - Adolf Hitler named German Chancellor, forms government with Von Papen
1933 - Grimmett takes 7-86 for SA in Qld 2nd inn, 13-135 for match
1934 - 1st theatrical presentation sponsored by US government, NYC
1934 - Bert Ironmonger ends Sheffield Shield career age 51 yrs 298 days
1934 - Hitler proclamation on German unified states
1935 - Ezra Pound meets Benito Mussolini, reads from a draft of "Cantos"
1936 - New owners of Boston Braves ask newspapermen to pick a new nickname
1936 - Victoria need 442 to win against NSW, but lose, all out for 415 They pick "The Bees" it doesn't catch on & is scrapped by 1940 season
1937 - 2nd of Stalin's purge trials; Pyatakov & 16 others sentenced to death
1939 - Heavy after shocks destroy some of Chile
1939 - Hitler calls for extermination of European Jews
1940 - Benjamin Britten's "Lesson Illuminations" premieres in London
Soviet Union Premier Joseph StalinSoviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin 1940 - Cor Jongert wins 6th Dutch 11 Cities Skating Race
1940 - Hassett's second 122 of the game for Vic can't stop a NSW win
1941 - Australian troops conquer Derna, Libya
1942 - Japanese troops land on Ambon
1943 - 6 British Mosquitos bomb Berlin in daylight
1943 - German assault on French in Tunisia
1943 - German under officers shot down in Haarlem Neth
1943 - Hitler promotes Friedrich von Paul to Field Marshal
1943 - Illegal opposition newspaper Loyal begins publishing
1943 - USS Chicago sinks in Pacific Ocean
1944 - US invades Majuro, Marshall Islands
1944 - World War II: United States troops land on Majuro.
1945 - "Wilhelm Gustloff" torpedoed off Danzig by Soviet sub-c 9,400 die
1946 - 1st issue of Franklin Roosevelt dime
1948 - 5th Winter Olympic games open in St Moritz, Switzerland
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma GandhiPacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi 1948 - Mahatma Gandhi assassinated by Nathuram Godse
1950 - "Robert Montgomery Presents" dramatic anthology premieres on NBC TV
1951 - Belgium refuses to allow communists to make speeches on radio
1952 - Lehmer verifies: 2^521-1 & 2^607-1 (183 ciphers) Mersenne-prime #
1952 - Paul Creston's 4th Symphony, premieres
1954 - Belgium ends trade agreement with USSR

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 254

133 - Marcus Severus Didius Julianus, Roman Emperor (d. 193)
1505 - Thomas Tallis, English composer (d. 1585)
1563 - Franciscus Gomarus, [Francois Gomaer], Dutch theologist/opera singer
1615 - Thomas Rolfe, American colonial settler and only child of Pocahontas and John Rolfe (d. 1675)
1616 - William Sancroft, Archbishop (Canterbury)
1624 - Arnold Geulincx, South Netherland, philosopher (About Virtue)
1628 - George Villiers, 2nd duke of Buckingham England
1647 - Konrad Hoffler, composer
1661 - Charles Rollin, French historian (d. 1741)
1687 - [Johann] Balthasar Neumann, German architect, baptized
1694 - Joseph Joachim Benedict Munster, composer
1697 - Johann Joachim Quantz, German royal flautist/composer
1708 - Georg D Ehret, German/English cartoonist
1710 - Vigilio Blasio Faitello, composer
1720 - Charles De Geer, Swedish industrialist and entomologist (d. 1778)
1724 - Ignaz Franz Xaver Kurzinger, composer
1752 - Joseph Matthias Kracher, composer
1754 - John Lansing, Jr., American statesman (d. 1829)
1756 - Josef Preindl, composer
1760 - Franz Xaver Partsch, composer
1775 - Walter Savage Landor, Warwick, critic/writer (Imaginary Conversation)
1781 - A v Chamisso, writer
1789 - George Augustus Kollmann, composer
1797 - Edwin Vose Sumner, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1863
1814 - Jean-Baptist Capronnier, French/Belgian glass painter
1816 - Nathaniel Prentiss Banks, Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), died in 1894
1822 - John Basil Turchin, [Ivan Turchinoff], Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
1822 - Franz Ritter von Hauer, Austrian geologist (d. 1899)
1829 - Alfred Cummings, Georgia, Brig Gen (Confederate Army), died in 1910
1830 - James G Blaine, US, minister of foreign affairs
1832 - Infanta Luisa Fernanda, Duchess of Montpensier (d. 1897)
1834 - Lord Avebury, [John Lubbock], British banker/politician
1835 - Oliver Edwards, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1904
1841 - Alfred Townsend George, Civil War journalist, died in 1914
1841 - Félix Faure, 6th President of the French Third Republic (d. 1899)
1844 - Moritz F Freiherr von Bissing, German gen/gov-gen of Belgium (1914-17)
1846 - Francis H Bradley, British philosopher (neo-idealism)
1853 - Leland Hone, cricketer (England keeper 1879 without county experience)
1859 - Tony Mullane, Irish-born American baseball player (d. 1944)
1861 - Charles Martin Tornow Loeffler, Mulhouse Alsace, composer
1862 - Walter Johannes Damrosch, composer
1865 - Samuel Pl'h Naber, Dutch rear-admiral/librarian
1866 - Gelett Burgess, author (Purple Cow)
1871 - Seymour Hicks, St Helier Jersey, actor-manager (Scrooge)
1871 - Wilfred Lucas, actor (Pardon Us, Chump at Oxford)
1873 - Rose Melville, actress (Sis)
1873 - Georges Ricard-Cordingley, painter (d. 1939)
1878 - Anton Hansen Tammsaare, Estonian author (d. 1940)
32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt (1882) 1882 - Franklin Roosevelt, New Hyde Park NY, 32nd US President (1933-1945), (d. 1945)
1885 - John Henry Towers, aviator/naval hero
1889 - Jaishankar Prasad, Hindi poet, dramatist and novelist (d. 1937)
1892 - Charles Trowbridge Haubiel, composer
1892 - Grigore Gafencu, Roman minister of Foreign affairs (1938-39)
1894 - Boris III, czar of Bulgaria (1918-43)
1894 - Marcel Canneel, Flemish painter (Reuzenstoet)
1899 - Max Theiler, English/US microbiologist (Nobel 1951)
1900 - Isaak Iosifovich Dunayevsky, composer
1900 - Martita Hunt, Argentina, actress (Man in Grey, Becket)
1900 - Sandy Powell, Rotherham England, costume designer (Rob Roy)
1901 - Earl of Huntingdon, mural painter
1901 - H E Nossak, writer
1902 - Elise Cavanna, actress (Pharmacist, Dentist, Barber Shop)
1902 - Nikolaus Pevsner, Engl, art historian (The Buildings of England)
1903 - G Evelyn Hutchinson, British zoologist (Treatise on Limnology)
Physicist and Nobel Laureate Emilio G. SegrèPhysicist and Nobel Laureate Emilio G. Segrè (1905) 1905 - Emilio G. Segrè, Tivoli, Italian physicist and Nobel laureate (discovered the elements technetium, astatine and the sub-atomic antiparticle antiproton)
1906 - Greta Nissen, actress (Ambassador Bill)
1909 - Mihaly Hajou, composer
1909 - Richard Hearne, Norwich England, actor (Capt Horatio Hornblower)
1909 - Saul David Alinsky, Chicago Illinois, radical writer (John L Lewis)
1910 - Frans Dohmen, union leader (Dutch Catholic Mineworker's Union)
1910 - C Subramaniam, Indian politician (d. 2000)
1911 - Alexander George Ogston, biochemist
1911 - Hugh Marlowe, Phila Pa, actor (Ellery Queen)
1911 - Roy Eldridge, Pitts, Pennsylvania, American jazz trumpeter (Gene Krupa, Artie Shaw)
1912 - Barbara Tuchman, US, historian/author (Pulitzer, Guns of August)
1912 - Jadwiga Wajsowna-Marcinkiewicz, discus thrower (Oly-bronze-1932)
1912 - Francis Schaeffer, American Evangelical theologian and pastor (d. 1984)
1913 - Dicky Fuller, cricketer (one Test WI v England 1935, 1, 0-12)
1913 - Percy Thrower, English radio host
1914 - David Wayne, Traverse City Mich, actor (Andromeda Strain, Adams Rib)
1914 - John Ireland, Vancouver BC, actor (Rawhide, Gunfight at OK Corral)
1914 - Louis Osman, artist architect goldsmith medallist/craftsman
1915 - Dorothy Dell, actor (Little Miss Marker, Wharf Angel)
1915 - John D Profumo, England, politician (C)
1915 - Pierre Wissmer, Swiss composer/theory (Capitaine Bruno)
1915 - Joachim Peiper, German SS officer (d. 1976, by assassination)
1917 - Paul Frère, Belgian racing driver and motorsport journalist d. 2008)
1918 - David Opatoshu, NYC, actor (Bonino, Secret Empire, Masada)
1918 - Jarl Andre Bjerke, [Bernhard Borge], Norwegian poet/writer
1919 - Robert Suter, composer
1919 - Nikolay Glazkov, Russian poet (d. 1979)
1920 - George Skibine, Russ/US dancer/choreographer (Tragedy in Verona)
1920 - Patrick Heron, abstract painter
1920 - Carwood Lipton, American WWII veteran (d. 2001)
1921 - Bernie Leighton, West Haven Ct, orchestra leader (Chance of a Lifetime)
1922 - Dick Martin, Detroit Mich, actor/comedian (Laugh-In, Carbon Copy)
1922 - Pal Jardanyi, composer
1924 - Margaret Beda Nicholson, author (No Medals for the Major)
1924 - Lloyd Alexander, American writer (d. 2007)
1924 - Margaret Yorke [Margaret Beda Nicholson], Compton, Surrey, author (Patrick Grant novels), (d. 2012)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 4 of 4

1853 - Emperor and French President Napoleon III marries Eugenie de Montijo, Countess of Teba
1934 - Actor and comedian Lou Costello marries burlesque dancer Anne Battler
1985 - NFL Quarterback Dan Marino (23) weds Claire Veazey at St. Regis Roman Catholic Church in Pennsylvania
2011 - "Chuck" actress Sarah Lancaster (30) weds attorney Matthew Jacobs in Southern California

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 117

1030 - William V, Duke of Aquitaine (b. 969)
1156 - Herman van Horn, bishop of Utrecht (1151/52-56), dies
1181 - Emperor Takakura of Japan (b. 1161)
1384 - Louis II of Flanders (b. 1330)
1393 - Aimery Poitiers, French nobleman, burned at royal ball
1393 - Yvain, son of earl of Foix, burned at royal ball
1574 - Damião de Góis, Portuguese philosopher (b. 1502)
1584 - Jonker Wigbold van Ewsum, mister of Nienoord, dies in battle
1584 - Pieter Jansz Pourbus, Flemish painter, dies
1606 - Everard Digby, English conspirator (b. 1578)
1644 - William Chillingworth, Engl theologian, Cambridge Platonist, dies
1649 - Charles I, King of Great Britain (1625-49), beheaded for treason
1730 - Peter II Alekseyevitch, tsar of Russia (1727-30), dies at 14
1774 - Frantisek Ignac Antonin Tuma, composer, dies at 69
1774 - Jean-Pierre Guignon, composer, dies at 71
1797 - Johann Abraham Sixt, composer, dies at 40
1816 - Reinier Vinkeles, Dutch engraver/cartoonist/art collector, dies at 74
1827 - Johann Philipp Christian Schulz, composer, dies at 53
1836 - Betsy Ross [Elizabeth Griscom], seamstress widely credited with making the first American flag (b. 1752)
Seamstress Credited with Creating the First American Flag Betsy RossSeamstress Credited with Creating the First American Flag Betsy Ross (1836) 1838 - Osceola, chief of Seminole indians, dies in jail
1858 - Coenraad Jacob Temminck, Dutch zoologist (b. 1778)
1860 - Francesco Antonio Norberto Pinto, composer, dies at 44
1867 - Emperor Kōmei of Japan (b. 1831)
1869 - William Carleton, Irish novelist (b. 1794)
1881 - Jaak Nikolaas Lemmens, Flemish composer, dies at 58
1888 - Asa Gray, US botanist (Flora of North America), dies at 77
1889 - Crown Prince Rudolph of Austria (b. 1858)
1890 - Karl Merz, composer, dies at 53
1897 - John Cottam, cricket (Test for Aust 1897, no Sheffield matches), dies
1900 - Vittorio Bersezio, [Carlo Nugelli], Italian playwright, dies at 71
1925 - Jakab Gyula Major, composer, dies at 66
1925 - John F Mellaerts, Flemish social founder (Boerenbond), dies at 79
1926 - Barbara La Marr, American actress (b. 1896)
1927 - Friedrich Ernst Koch, composer, dies at 64
1928 - Douglas Haig, Brit fieldmarshal (Sudan/Boer war/WW I), dies at 66
1928 - Johannes Andreas Grib Fibiger, Danish scientist, Nobel laureate (b. 1867)
1929 - La Goulue, French Cancan dancer (b. 1866)
1934 - Frank Nelson Doubleday, American publisher (b. 1862)
1942 - Vasily Pavovlich Kalafati, composer, dies at 72
1945 - Gottlieb J Haberlandt, Hungarian/German botanist, dies at 90
1945 - William Busch, composer, dies at 43
1947 - Frederick F Blackman, English botanist, dies at 80
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma GandhiPacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi (1948) 1948 - Mahatma Gandhi, India's political and spiritual leader, assassinated in New Delhi by Hindu extremists
1948 - Herb Pennock, pitcher (NY Yankees)/GM (Phillies), dies
1948 - Orville Wright, US aviation pioneer, dies at 76
1951 - Ferdinand Porsche, German car inventor (Porsche), dies at 75
1953 - Louis H N Bosch van Rosenthal, Dutch resistance fighter, dies at 68
1956 - Gerrit Mannoury, mathematician/philosopher, dies at 88
1956 - Jane Seymour, actress (Young Mr Bobbin), dies at 56
1957 - Grigore Gafencu, Romanian min of Foreign Affairs (1938-39), dies at 65
1958 - Earnest H Heinkel, German airplane builder (WW II), dies at 70
1958 - Jean Crotti, Swiss artist (b. 1878)
1962 - Manuel de Abreu, Brazilian physician (b. 1894)
1963 - P F "Plum" Warner, cricketer (England mgr during Bodyline tour), dies
1963 - Francis Poulenc, French composer (b. 1899)
1964 - Berthold Altaner, German church historian, dies at 80
1965 - Vic Jackson, cricketer (NSW/Leicerstershire off-spinner), dies in car
Aviator Orville WrightAviator Orville Wright (1948) 1967 - Lee Morgan, actor (Dungeons of Harrow, Last Rebel), dies
1968 - Tsugouharu T Foujita, Japanese/French painter, dies at 81
1969 - Allan Welsh Dulles, US diplomat/director (CIA 1953-61), dies at 75
1969 - Dominique G Pire, clergyman, (Europe village Nobel 1958), dies at 58
1970 - Malcolm Keen, English actor (Uncle Chris-Mama), dies at 82
1972 - Karel Boleslav Jirak, composer, dies at 81
1973 - Jack McGowan, actor (On Our Selection), dies at 54
1974 - Bill Whitty, cricketer (37 wkts v South Africa 1910-11 series), dies
1975 - Boris Blacher, German composer (Purloined Letter), dies at 72
1976 - Jesse "Lone Cat" Fuller, SF Blues Great, dies at 80
1976 - Mance Lipscomb, rocker, dies at 80
1976 - Percy Tyson "Plum" Lewis, cricketer (pair in only Test for S Af), dies
1980 - Lil Dagover, actress (Destiny, Spiders), dies at 82
1980 - 'Professor Longhair' Henry Roeland Byrd, New Orleans blues singer and pianist
1982 - Félix L V L J Labisse, French painter (libidoscaphes), dies at 76
1982 - Lightning Hopkins, rocker, dies of cancer at 69
1982 - Riccardo Nielsen, composer, dies at 73
1982 - Stanley Holloway, comedian (My Fair Lady, Our Man Higgins), dies at 91
Blues Singer Lightnin HopkinsBlues Singer Lightnin Hopkins (1982) 1982 - Lightnin' Hopkins, American musician (b. 1912)
1983 - Joan Valerie, actress (Pier 13), dies of pneumonia
1983 - [Dallas] Mack/McCord Reynolds, sci-fi author (Earth War), dies at 65
1985 - Ken Mayers, actor (Robbie Robertson-Space Patrol), dies at 67
1986 - Ticker Freeman, pianist (Dinah Shore Show), dies at 74
1987 - Angelo Rutherford, actor (Willie-Gentle Ben), dies at 32
1987 - Ken Drake, actor (Crime & Punishment USA), dies
1988 - Cornelia D "Corry" Spark, Dutch cabaret performer, dies at 85
1991 - John McIntire, actor (Virginian, Psycho), dies of emphysema at 83
1991 - John Bardeen, American physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1908)
1991 - Clifton C. Edom, American photojournalism educator (b. 1907)
1993 - Taikichiro Mori, Japanese real estate developer, dies at 88
1994 - Bahjat Talhouni, PM of Jordan (1960-62, 64-65, 67-69, 69-70), dies
1994 - Byron "Wild Child" Gipson, blues Singer, dies at 64
1994 - Ernestine "Tiny" Davis, jazz vocalist/trumpeter, dies at 86
Physicist and Electrical Engineer John BardeenPhysicist and Electrical Engineer John Bardeen (1991) 1994 - Jan L N Schaefer, Dutch undersecretary of Housing (PvdA), dies at 53
1995 - George H Poyser, English soccer player (Manchester City), dies at 84
1995 - George Richard James, saxophonist, dies at 88
1995 - Gerald M Durrell, British zoologist/author (Mockery Bird), dies at 70
1996 - Bob Thiele, record producer, dies at 73
1996 - Guy Doleman, actor (Deadly Bees, Idol, Thunderball), dies at 72
1998 - Ricky Sanderson, stabbed 16-year old girl in NC, executed at 38
1998 - Richard Cassilly, American tenor (b. 1927)
1999 - Huntz Hall, American actor (b. 1919)
1999 - Ed Herlihy, American broadcaster (b. 1909)

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