This Day in History for 30th January

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 194

1077 - Pope Gregory VII pardons German emperor Henry IV
1349 - Gunther of Schwarzburg chosen German anti-king
1349 - Jews of Freilsburg Germany are massacred
1467 - Battle at Velke Kostolany: Hung king Mátyás Corvinus beats Bratrici
1487 - Bell chimes invented
1522 - Duke of Albany takes captured French back to Scotland
1544 - Adrian van Goes becomes land advocate of Holland
1592 - Ippolito Aldobrandini elected Pope Clement VIII
1647 - Scots agree to sell King Charles I to English Parliament for £400
1648 - Spain & Netherlands sign Peace of Munster, ending the Thirty Years War
1661 - Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England is ritually executed after having been dead for two years.
1667 - Treaty/Truce of Andrusovo signed between Tsardom of Russia & Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth
English Military and Political Leader Oliver CromwellEnglish Military and Political Leader Oliver Cromwell 1713 - England & Netherlands sign 2nd anti-French boundary treaty
1774 - Captain Cook reaches 71°10' south, 1820km from south pole (record)
1781 - Articles of Confederation ratified by 13th state, Maryland
1790 - Lifeboat 1st tested at sea, by Mr Greathead, the inventor
1797 - Congress refuses to accept 1st petitions from American blacks
1798 - Rep Matthew Lyon (Vt) spits in face of Rep Roger Griswold (Ct) in US House of Representatives, after an argument
1800 - US population: 5,308,483; Black population 1,002,037 (18.9%)
1804 - Mungo Park leaves England seeking source of Niger River
1806 - Prussia takes possession of Hanover
1806 - The original Lower Trenton Toll Bridge, which spans the Delaware River between Morrisville, Pennsylvania and Trenton, New Jersey, is opened. A later bridge opened in 1935 is also known as the Trenton Makes - the World Takes Bridge.
US President Thomas JeffersonUS President Thomas Jefferson 1815 - Burned US Library of Congress reestablished with Thomas Jefferson's 6500 vols
1818 - Keats composes his sonnet, "When I Have Fears"
1820 - British explorer Edward Bransfield aboard Williams sights Trinity Peninsula, Antarctica claims for Britain
1826 - The Menai Suspension Bridge, considered the world's first modern suspension bridge, connecting the Isle of Anglesey to the north West coast of Wales is opened.
1835 - Richard Lawrence misfires at President Andrew Jackson in Washington DC in 1st attempted assassination of a US President
1841 - A fire destroys two-thirds of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico.
1847 - Yerba Buena renamed San Francisco
US President & General Andrew JacksonUS President & General Andrew Jackson 1854 - 1st election in Washington Territory; 1,682 votes cast
1858 - Charles Halle founds Halle Orchestra in Manchester, England
1858 - William Wells Brown published 1st Black drama, "Leap to Freedom"
1862 - USS Monitor, the US Navy's 1st ironclad warship launched
1877 - Storm flood ravages Dutch coastal provinces
1879 - French President MacMahon resigns
1883 - England team presented with ashes of a bail after Sydney Test
1888 - Harry Moses 297 not out for NSW against Victoria
1889 - John Herschel uses camera obscura to photograph 48" (120cm) telescope
1889 - Victoria beat NSW after following on (NSW all out 63 needed 76)
1889 - Archduke Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria, heir to the Austro-Hungarian crown, is found dead with his mistress Baroness Mary Vetsera in Mayerling.
1892 - Bobby Abel carries his bat for 132* for England in SCG Test
1892 - Capt Lugard occupies Uganda's King Mwanga's hide out
1894 - Pneumatic hammer patented by Charles King of Detroit
1894 - US flag fired on in Rio; prompt satisfaction exacted by Adm Benham
1895 - C J Eady (Tas) 1st Australian to score twin centuries (v Vic)
1895 - SS Elbe sinks after collision in North Sea, 332 killed
1895 - Tasmania beat Victoria for 1st F-C victory in 41 years
1902 - Britain and Japan sign a treaty after months of negotiating which commits each country to supporting an independent China and Korea, although it acknowledges Japan's 'special interest' in Korea
1911 - 1st rescue of an air passenger by a ship, near Havana, Cuba
1913 - UK House of Lords rejects Irish Home Rule Bill
1915 - German submarine attack on Le Havre
1915 - No 10 batsman F W Hyett scores century on debut, Vic v Tas
1919 - Reds hire Pat Moran as manager as Christy Mathewson, is still in France with US Army
1921 - French rapist-murderer Henri-Desire Landru sentenced to death
1922 - Ted McDonald takes 8-58 in big Victorian win over NSW
1922 - World Law Day, 1st celebrated
1924 - Ponsford scores second 110 of the game in Vic win over NSW
1925 - Turkish government throws out Constantine VI of Constantinople
1927 - Left wins national election in Thuringen
1928 - 1st radio telephone connection between Netherlands & US
1928 - Bradman scores 134 not out (225 mins, 13 fours) NSW v Vic
1928 - Eugene O'Neill's "Strange Interlude," premieres in NYC
1930 - Vladimir Mayakovsky's "Banya," premieres in Leningrad
1930 - The world's first radiosonde is launched in Pavlovsk, USSR.
Comedian/Actor/Filmaker Charlie ChaplinComedian/Actor/Filmaker Charlie Chaplin 1931 - Charlie Chaplin's "City Lights" premieres at Los Angeles Theater
1932 - Grimmett 7-116 in South Africa 1st innings at Adelaide Oval
1933 - "Lone Ranger" begins a 21-year run on ABC radio
1933 - Adolf Hitler named German Chancellor, forms government with Von Papen
1933 - Grimmett takes 7-86 for SA in Qld 2nd inn, 13-135 for match
1934 - 1st theatrical presentation sponsored by US government, NYC
1934 - Bert Ironmonger ends Sheffield Shield career age 51 yrs 298 days
1934 - Hitler proclamation on German unified states
Poet Ezra PoundPoet Ezra Pound 1935 - Ezra Pound meets Benito Mussolini, reads from a draft of "Cantos"
1936 - New owners of Boston Braves ask newspapermen to pick a new nickname
1936 - Victoria need 442 to win against NSW, but lose, all out for 415 They pick "The Bees" it doesn't catch on & is scrapped by 1940 season
1937 - 2nd of Stalin's purge trials; Pyatakov & 16 others sentenced to death
1939 - Hitler threatens the Jews during his speech to the German Reichstag (parliament)
1939 - Heavy after shocks destroy some of Chile
1940 - Benjamin Britten's "Lesson Illuminations" premieres in London
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf HitlerDictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler 1940 - Cor Jongert wins 6th Dutch 11 Cities Skating Race
1940 - Hassett's second 122 of the game for Vic can't stop a NSW win
1941 - Australian troops conquer Derna, Libya
1942 - Japanese troops land on Ambon
1943 - 6 British Mosquitos bomb Berlin in daylight
1943 - German assault on French in Tunisia
1943 - German under officers shot down in Haarlem Neth
1943 - Hitler promotes Friedrich von Paul to Field Marshal
1943 - Illegal opposition newspaper Loyal begins publishing
1943 - USS Chicago sinks in Pacific Ocean
1944 - US invades Majuro, Marshall Islands
1944 - World War II: United States troops land on Majuro.
1945 - "Wilhelm Gustloff" torpedoed off Danzig by Soviet sub-c 9,400 die
1946 - 1st issue of Franklin Roosevelt dime
1948 - 5th Winter Olympic games open in St Moritz, Switzerland
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma GandhiPacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi 1948 - Mahatma Gandhi assassinated by Nathuram Godse
1950 - "Robert Montgomery Presents" dramatic anthology premieres on NBC TV
1951 - Belgium refuses to allow communists to make speeches on radio
1952 - Lehmer verifies: 2^521-1 & 2^607-1 (183 ciphers) Mersenne-prime #
1952 - Paul Creston's 4th Symphony, premieres
1954 - Belgium ends trade agreement with USSR

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 255

133 - Marcus Severus Didius Julianus, Roman Emperor (d. 193)
1505 - Thomas Tallis, English composer (d. 1585)
1563 - Franciscus Gomarus, [Francois Gomaer], Dutch theologist/opera singer
1615 - Thomas Rolfe, American colonial settler and only child of Pocahontas and John Rolfe (d. 1675)
1616 - William Sancroft, Archbishop (Canterbury)
1624 - Arnold Geulincx, South Netherland, philosopher (About Virtue)
1628 - George Villiers, 2nd duke of Buckingham England
1647 - Konrad Hoffler, composer
1661 - Charles Rollin, French historian (d. 1741)
1687 - [Johann] Balthasar Neumann, German architect, baptized
1694 - Joseph Joachim Benedict Munster, composer
1697 - Johann Joachim Quantz, German royal flautist/composer
1708 - Georg D Ehret, German/English cartoonist
1710 - Vigilio Blasio Faitello, composer
1720 - Charles De Geer, Swedish industrialist and entomologist (d. 1778)
1724 - Ignaz Franz Xaver Kurzinger, composer
1752 - Joseph Matthias Kracher, composer
1754 - John Lansing, Jr., American statesman (d. 1829)
1756 - Josef Preindl, composer
1760 - Franz Xaver Partsch, composer
1775 - Walter Savage Landor, Warwick, critic/writer (Imaginary Conversation)
1781 - A v Chamisso, writer
1789 - George Augustus Kollmann, composer
1797 - Edwin Vose Sumner, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1863
1814 - Jean-Baptist Capronnier, French/Belgian glass painter
1816 - Nathaniel Prentiss Banks, Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), died in 1894
1822 - John Basil Turchin, [Ivan Turchinoff], Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
1822 - Franz Ritter von Hauer, Austrian geologist (d. 1899)
1829 - Alfred Cummings, Georgia, Brig Gen (Confederate Army), died in 1910
1830 - James G Blaine, US, minister of foreign affairs
1832 - Infanta Luisa Fernanda, Duchess of Montpensier (d. 1897)
1834 - Lord Avebury, [John Lubbock], British banker/politician
1835 - Oliver Edwards, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1904
1841 - Alfred Townsend George, Civil War journalist, died in 1914
1841 - Félix Faure, 6th President of the French Third Republic (d. 1899)
1844 - Moritz F Freiherr von Bissing, German gen/gov-gen of Belgium (1914-17)
1846 - Francis H Bradley, British philosopher (neo-idealism)
1853 - Leland Hone, cricketer (England keeper 1879 without county experience)
1859 - Tony Mullane, Irish-born American baseball player (d. 1944)
1861 - Charles Martin Tornow Loeffler, Mulhouse Alsace, composer
1862 - Walter Johannes Damrosch, composer
1865 - Samuel Pl'h Naber, Dutch rear-admiral/librarian
1866 - Gelett Burgess, author (Purple Cow)
1871 - Seymour Hicks, St Helier Jersey, actor-manager (Scrooge)
1871 - Wilfred Lucas, actor (Pardon Us, Chump at Oxford)
1873 - Rose Melville, actress (Sis)
1873 - Georges Ricard-Cordingley, painter (d. 1939)
1878 - Anton Hansen Tammsaare, Estonian author (d. 1940)
32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt (1882) 1882 - Franklin Roosevelt, New Hyde Park NY, 32nd US President (1933-1945), (d. 1945)
1885 - John Henry Towers, aviator/naval hero
1889 - Jaishankar Prasad, Hindi poet, dramatist and novelist (d. 1937)
1892 - Charles Trowbridge Haubiel, composer
1892 - Grigore Gafencu, Roman minister of Foreign affairs (1938-39)
1894 - Boris III, czar of Bulgaria (1918-43)
1894 - Marcel Canneel, Flemish painter (Reuzenstoet)
1899 - Max Theiler, English/US microbiologist (Nobel 1951)
1900 - Isaak Iosifovich Dunayevsky, composer
1900 - Martita Hunt, Argentina, actress (Man in Grey, Becket)
1900 - Sandy Powell, Rotherham England, costume designer (Rob Roy)
1901 - Earl of Huntingdon, mural painter
1901 - H E Nossak, writer
1902 - Elise Cavanna, actress (Pharmacist, Dentist, Barber Shop)
1902 - Nikolaus Pevsner, Engl, art historian (The Buildings of England)
1903 - G Evelyn Hutchinson, British zoologist (Treatise on Limnology)
Physicist and Nobel Laureate Emilio G. SegrèPhysicist and Nobel Laureate Emilio G. Segrè (1905) 1905 - Emilio G. Segrè, Tivoli, Italian physicist and Nobel laureate (discovered the elements technetium, astatine and the sub-atomic antiparticle antiproton)
1906 - Greta Nissen, actress (Ambassador Bill)
1909 - Mihaly Hajou, composer
1909 - Richard Hearne, Norwich England, actor (Capt Horatio Hornblower)
1909 - Saul David Alinsky, Chicago Illinois, radical writer (John L Lewis)
1910 - Frans Dohmen, union leader (Dutch Catholic Mineworker's Union)
1910 - C Subramaniam, Indian politician (d. 2000)
1911 - Alexander George Ogston, biochemist
1911 - Hugh Marlowe, Phila Pa, actor (Ellery Queen)
1911 - Roy Eldridge, Pitts, Pennsylvania, American jazz trumpeter (Gene Krupa, Artie Shaw)
1912 - Barbara Tuchman, US, historian/author (Pulitzer, Guns of August)
1912 - Jadwiga Wajsowna-Marcinkiewicz, discus thrower (Oly-bronze-1932)
1912 - Francis Schaeffer, American Evangelical theologian and pastor (d. 1984)
1913 - Dicky Fuller, cricketer (one Test WI v England 1935, 1, 0-12)
1913 - Percy Thrower, English radio host
1914 - David Wayne, Traverse City Mich, actor (Andromeda Strain, Adams Rib)
1914 - John Ireland, Vancouver BC, actor (Rawhide, Gunfight at OK Corral)
1914 - Louis Osman, artist architect goldsmith medallist/craftsman
1915 - Dorothy Dell, actor (Little Miss Marker, Wharf Angel)
1915 - John D Profumo, England, politician (C)
1915 - Pierre Wissmer, Swiss composer/theory (Capitaine Bruno)
1915 - Joachim Peiper, German SS officer (d. 1976, by assassination)
1917 - Paul Frère, Belgian racing driver and motorsport journalist d. 2008)
1918 - David Opatoshu, NYC, actor (Bonino, Secret Empire, Masada)
1918 - Jarl Andre Bjerke, [Bernhard Borge], Norwegian poet/writer
1919 - Robert Suter, composer
1919 - Nikolay Glazkov, Russian poet (d. 1979)
1920 - George Skibine, Russ/US dancer/choreographer (Tragedy in Verona)
1920 - Patrick Heron, abstract painter
1920 - Carwood Lipton, American WWII veteran (d. 2001)
1921 - Bernie Leighton, West Haven Ct, orchestra leader (Chance of a Lifetime)
1922 - Dick Martin, Detroit Mich, actor/comedian (Laugh-In, Carbon Copy)
1922 - Pal Jardanyi, composer
1924 - Margaret Beda Nicholson, author (No Medals for the Major)
1924 - Lloyd Alexander, American writer (d. 2007)
1924 - Margaret Yorke [Margaret Beda Nicholson], Compton, Surrey, author (Patrick Grant novels), (d. 2012)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 5 of 5

1853 - Emperor and French President Napoleon III marries Eugenie de Montijo, Countess of Teba
Comedian and Actor Lou CostelloComedian and Actor Lou Costello (1934) 1934 - Actor and comedian Lou Costello marries burlesque dancer Anne Battler
1934 - Painter Salvador Dali (30) weds Gala Dali (39) on a civil ceremony in Paris
1985 - NFL Quarterback Dan Marino (23) weds Claire Veazey at St. Regis Roman Catholic Church in Pennsylvania
2011 - "Chuck" actress Sarah Lancaster (30) weds attorney Matthew Jacobs in Southern California

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 117

1030 - William V, Duke of Aquitaine (b. 969)
1156 - Herman van Horn, bishop of Utrecht (1151/52-56), dies
1181 - Emperor Takakura of Japan (b. 1161)
1384 - Louis II of Flanders (b. 1330)
1393 - Aimery Poitiers, French nobleman, burned at royal ball
1393 - Yvain, son of earl of Foix, burned at royal ball
1574 - Damião de Góis, Portuguese philosopher (b. 1502)
1584 - Jonker Wigbold van Ewsum, mister of Nienoord, dies in battle
1584 - Pieter Jansz Pourbus, Flemish painter, dies
1606 - Everard Digby, English conspirator (b. 1578)
1644 - William Chillingworth, Engl theologian, Cambridge Platonist, dies
King Charles IKing Charles I (1649) 1649 - Charles I, King of Great Britain (1625-49), beheaded for treason
1730 - Peter II Alekseyevitch, tsar of Russia (1727-30), dies at 14
1774 - Frantisek Ignac Antonin Tuma, composer, dies at 69
1774 - Jean-Pierre Guignon, composer, dies at 71
1797 - Johann Abraham Sixt, composer, dies at 40
1816 - Reinier Vinkeles, Dutch engraver/cartoonist/art collector, dies at 74
1827 - Johann Philipp Christian Schulz, composer, dies at 53
1836 - Betsy Ross [Elizabeth Griscom], seamstress widely credited with making the first American flag (b. 1752)
1838 - Osceola, chief of Seminole indians, dies in jail
Seamstress Credited with Creating the First American Flag Betsy RossSeamstress Credited with Creating the First American Flag Betsy Ross (1836) 1858 - Coenraad Jacob Temminck, Dutch zoologist (b. 1778)
1860 - Francesco Antonio Norberto Pinto, composer, dies at 44
1867 - Emperor Kōmei of Japan (b. 1831)
1869 - William Carleton, Irish novelist (b. 1794)
1881 - Jaak Nikolaas Lemmens, Flemish composer, dies at 58
1888 - Asa Gray, US botanist (Flora of North America), dies at 77
1889 - Crown Prince Rudolph of Austria (b. 1858)
1890 - Karl Merz, composer, dies at 53
1897 - John Cottam, cricket (Test for Aust 1897, no Sheffield matches), dies
1900 - Vittorio Bersezio, [Carlo Nugelli], Italian playwright, dies at 71
1925 - Jakab Gyula Major, composer, dies at 66
1925 - John F Mellaerts, Flemish social founder (Boerenbond), dies at 79
1926 - Barbara La Marr, American actress (b. 1896)
1927 - Friedrich Ernst Koch, composer, dies at 64
1928 - Douglas Haig, Brit fieldmarshal (Sudan/Boer war/WW I), dies at 66
1928 - Johannes Andreas Grib Fibiger, Danish scientist, Nobel laureate (b. 1867)
1929 - La Goulue, French Cancan dancer (b. 1866)
1934 - Frank Nelson Doubleday, American publisher (b. 1862)
1942 - Vasily Pavovlich Kalafati, composer, dies at 72
1945 - Gottlieb J Haberlandt, Hungarian/German botanist, dies at 90
1945 - William Busch, composer, dies at 43
1947 - Frederick F Blackman, English botanist, dies at 80
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma GandhiPacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi (1948) 1948 - Mahatma Gandhi, India's political and spiritual leader, assassinated in New Delhi by Hindu extremists
1948 - Herb Pennock, pitcher (NY Yankees)/GM (Phillies), dies
1948 - Orville Wright, US aviation pioneer, dies at 76
1951 - Ferdinand Porsche, German car inventor (Porsche), dies at 75
1953 - Louis H N Bosch van Rosenthal, Dutch resistance fighter, dies at 68
1956 - Gerrit Mannoury, mathematician/philosopher, dies at 88
1956 - Jane Seymour, actress (Young Mr Bobbin), dies at 56
1957 - Grigore Gafencu, Romanian min of Foreign Affairs (1938-39), dies at 65
1958 - Earnest H Heinkel, German airplane builder (WW II), dies at 70
Aviator Orville WrightAviator Orville Wright (1948) 1958 - Jean Crotti, Swiss artist (b. 1878)
1962 - Manuel de Abreu, Brazilian physician (b. 1894)
1963 - P F "Plum" Warner, cricketer (England mgr during Bodyline tour), dies
1963 - Francis Poulenc, French composer (b. 1899)
1964 - Berthold Altaner, German church historian, dies at 80
1965 - Vic Jackson, cricketer (NSW/Leicerstershire off-spinner), dies in car
1967 - Lee Morgan, actor (Dungeons of Harrow, Last Rebel), dies
1968 - Tsugouharu T Foujita, Japanese/French painter, dies at 81
1969 - Allan Welsh Dulles, US diplomat/director (CIA 1953-61), dies at 75
1969 - Dominique G Pire, clergyman, (Europe village Nobel 1958), dies at 58
1970 - Malcolm Keen, English actor (Uncle Chris-Mama), dies at 82
1972 - Karel Boleslav Jirak, composer, dies at 81
1973 - Jack McGowan, actor (On Our Selection), dies at 54
1974 - Bill Whitty, cricketer (37 wkts v South Africa 1910-11 series), dies
1975 - Boris Blacher, German composer (Purloined Letter), dies at 72
1976 - Jesse "Lone Cat" Fuller, SF Blues Great, dies at 80
1976 - Mance Lipscomb, rocker, dies at 80
1976 - Percy Tyson "Plum" Lewis, cricketer (pair in only Test for S Af), dies
1980 - Lil Dagover, actress (Destiny, Spiders), dies at 82
1980 - 'Professor Longhair' Henry Roeland Byrd, New Orleans blues singer and pianist
1982 - Félix L V L J Labisse, French painter (libidoscaphes), dies at 76
1982 - Lightning Hopkins, rocker, dies of cancer at 69
1982 - Riccardo Nielsen, composer, dies at 73
1982 - Stanley Holloway, comedian (My Fair Lady, Our Man Higgins), dies at 91
Blues Singer Lightnin HopkinsBlues Singer Lightnin Hopkins (1982) 1982 - Lightnin' Hopkins, American musician (b. 1912)
1983 - Joan Valerie, actress (Pier 13), dies of pneumonia
1983 - [Dallas] Mack/McCord Reynolds, sci-fi author (Earth War), dies at 65
1985 - Ken Mayers, actor (Robbie Robertson-Space Patrol), dies at 67
1986 - Ticker Freeman, pianist (Dinah Shore Show), dies at 74
1987 - Angelo Rutherford, actor (Willie-Gentle Ben), dies at 32
1987 - Ken Drake, actor (Crime & Punishment USA), dies
1988 - Cornelia D "Corry" Spark, Dutch cabaret performer, dies at 85
1991 - John McIntire, actor (Virginian, Psycho), dies of emphysema at 83
Physicist and Electrical Engineer John BardeenPhysicist and Electrical Engineer John Bardeen (1991) 1991 - John Bardeen, American physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1908)
1991 - Clifton C. Edom, American photojournalism educator (b. 1907)
1993 - Taikichiro Mori, Japanese real estate developer, dies at 88
1994 - Bahjat Talhouni, PM of Jordan (1960-62, 64-65, 67-69, 69-70), dies
1994 - Byron "Wild Child" Gipson, blues Singer, dies at 64
1994 - Ernestine "Tiny" Davis, jazz vocalist/trumpeter, dies at 86
1994 - Jan L N Schaefer, Dutch undersecretary of Housing (PvdA), dies at 53
1995 - George H Poyser, English soccer player (Manchester City), dies at 84
1995 - George Richard James, saxophonist, dies at 88
1995 - Gerald M Durrell, British zoologist/author (Mockery Bird), dies at 70
1996 - Bob Thiele, record producer, dies at 73
1996 - Guy Doleman, actor (Deadly Bees, Idol, Thunderball), dies at 72
1998 - Ricky Sanderson, stabbed 16-year old girl in NC, executed at 38
1998 - Richard Cassilly, American tenor (b. 1927)
1999 - Huntz Hall, American actor (b. 1919)
1999 - Ed Herlihy, American broadcaster (b. 1909)

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