This Day in History for 31st January

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 192

314 - St Silvester I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
876 - Charles becomes king of Italy
1504 - By treaty of Lyons, French cede Naples to Ferdinand of Aragon
1531 - Kings Ferdinand of Austria/Janos Zapolyai of Hungary accept each other
1578 - Battle of Gembloers (Gembloux); Dutch and English forces overcame the Spanish
1596 - Catholic League disjoins
1609 - Wisselbank of Amsterdam established
1627 - Spanish government goes bankrupt
1675 - Cornelia/Dina Olfaarts found not guilty of witchcraft
1679 - Jean-Baptiste Lully's opera "Bellerophon," premieres in Paris
1696 - Revolt by undertakers after funeral reforms (Amsterdam)
1747 - The first venereal diseases clinic opens at London Lock Hospital.
1779 - Charles Messier adds M57 (Ring Nebula in Lyra) to his catalog
1804 - British vice-admiral William Blighs fleet reaches Curacao
1814 - Gervasio Antonio de Posadas becomes Supreme Director of Argentina.
1817 - Franz Grillparzer's "Die Ahnfrau," premieres in Vienna
1846 - After the Milwaukee Bridge War, Juneautown and Kilbourntown unified as the City of Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
1849 - Corn Laws abolished in Britain
1851 - Gail Borden announces invention of evaporated milk
1851 - SF Orphan's Asylum, 1st in California, founded
1854 - Dutch KNMI established (Royal Meteorological Institute)
1855 - Western railroads blocked by snow
1861 - Friedrich Hebbel's "Siegfrieds Tod," premieres in Weimar
1861 - State of Louisiana takes over US Mint at New Orleans
1862 - Telescope maker Alvin Clark discovers dwarf companion of Sirius
1863 - 1st black Civil War regiment, SC Volunteers, mustered into US army
1865 - Congress passes 13th Amendment, abolishing slavery in America (121-24)
Confederate General Robert E. LeeConfederate General Robert E. Lee 1865 - Gen Robert E. Lee named Commander-in-Chief of Confederate Armies during US Civil War
1867 - Maronite nationalist leader Youssef Karam leaves Lebanon on board of a French ship for Algeria
1871 - Millions of birds fly over western SF, darkening the sky
1874 - Jesse James gang robs train at Gads Hill, Missouri
1876 - The United States orders all Native Americans to move into reservations.
1891 - The first attempt of a Portuguese republican revolution breakes out in the northern city of Porto.
1893 - "Westminster Gazette" begins publishing
1895 - Jose Martí & others leave NYC for invasion of Spanish Cuba
Outlaw Jesse JamesOutlaw Jesse James 1900 - The final report of the USA's Philippine Commission is released, favouring territorial government for the islands with home rule in local affairs, but with US assumptions of ultimate responsibility for the government.
1901 - Boer general John Smuts & De la Rey conqueror Mud river Transvaal
1901 - Chekhov's "Three Sisters" opens at Moscow Art Theater
1901 - Winnipeg Victorias sweep Montreal Shamrocks in 2 for Stanley Cup
1901 - Austro-Hungarian Empire: The Reichsrath, disolved on 7 September 1900 by Employer Franz Joseph, reopens after the recent elections have defeated extremists
1904 - Bela Bartok's symphony "Kossuth," premieres
Author and Playwright Anton ChekhovAuthor and Playwright Anton Chekhov 1905 - 1st auto to exceed 100 mph (161 kph), A G MacDonald, Daytona Beach
1905 - Carroll Wright appointed 1st Commissioner of Labor, USA
1906 - Strongest instrumentally recorded earthquake, Colombia, 8.6 Richter
1911 - Congress names SF as Panama Canal opening celebration site
1915 - 1st (German) poison gas attack, against Russians
1916 - Dutch Girl Guides form
1917 - Germany notifies US that U-boats will attack neutral merchant ship
1918 - A series of accidental collisions on a misty Scottish night leads to the loss of two Royal Navy submarines with over a hundred lives, and damage to another five British warships.
1919 - The Battle of George Square takes place in Glasgow, Scotland. Troops deployed against protesters for fear of a Bolshevik uprising.
1920 - 1st Ukrainian daily newspaper in US (NYC) begins publication
1920 - Joe Malone, Quebec Bulldogs, sets NHL record with 7 goals in a game
1920 - Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity, at Howard University, incorporates
1925 - Premier Ahmed Zogu becomes president of Angola
1927 - Internationall allied military command in Germany disbands
1927 - NL Pres John Heydler rules Rogers Hornsby can't hold stock in the Cardinals & play for the Giants
1928 - Scotch tape 1st marketed by 3-M Company
1929 - Erich Maria Remarque publishes "Im Westen nichts Neues" in Berlin
Russian Revolutionary Leon TrotskyRussian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky 1929 - Leon Trotsky expelled from Russia to Turkey
1930 - 1st US glider flight from a dirigible, Lakehurst, NJ
1931 - NHL's Quebec Bulldogs' Joseph Malone scores a record 7 goals
1931 - Philip Barry's "Tomorrow & Tomorrow," premieres in NYC
1932 - US railway unions accept 10% wage reduction
1933 - French government of Daladier takes power
1933 - Hitler promises parliamentary democracy
1934 - FDR devalus dollar in relation to gold at $35 per ounce
1936 - "Green Hornet" radio show is 1st heard on WXYZ Radio in Detroit
1940 - 40 U boats sunk this month (111,000 ton)
1940 - C Turney & J Horwin's "My Dear Children," premieres in NYC
32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt 1941 - 21 U boats sunk this month (127,000 ton)
1941 - Anti-German demonstration in Haarlem Netherlands
1941 - Joe Louis KOs Red Burman in 5 for heavyweight boxing title
1941 - Layforce set sail.
1942 - 62 U boats sunk this month (327,000 ton)
1943 - 39 U boats sunk this month (203,100 ton)
1943 - Chile breaks contact with Germany & Japan
1943 - Gen Friedrich von Paul surrenders to Russian troops at Stalingrad
1944 - Operation-Overlord (D-Day) postponed until June
1944 - U-592 sunk off Ireland
1944 - US forces invade Kwajalein Atoll
1945 - US 4th Infantry division occupies Elcherrath
1945 - Russian troops reach the Oder River, less that 50 miles from Berlin
1946 - Yugoslavia adopts new constitution, becomes a federal republic
1948 - J D Salinger's "A Perfect Day for Banana Fish" appears in NY
1948 - Magnetic tape recorder developed by Wireway
1949 - 1st daytime soap on TV "These Are My Children" (NBC in Chicago)
33rd US President Harry Truman33rd US President Harry Truman 1950 - President Harry Truman publicly announces development of H-bomb
1950 - Pres Harry Truman OKs building of hydrogen bomb
1952 - Dutch Lutheran Church reunites after 1½ centuries
1952 - Harry Heilmann & Paul Waner elected to Baseball Hall of Fame
1953 - "Princess Victoria" capsized off Stanraer Scotland; 133 die
1953 - Hurricane-like winds flood Netherlands drowning 1,835
1953 - NY, Cleveland, & Boston retaliate at Bill Veeck, forcing the Browns to play afternoon games to avoid sharing TV revenues
1955 - RCA demonstrates 1st music synthesizer
1956 - French government of Mollet forms
1956 - Juscelino Kubitschek becomes president of Brazil
1956 - Guy Mollet becomes Prime Minister of France.
1957 - Trans-Iranian oil pipe line finished
1957 - Eight people on the ground in Pacoima, California are killed following the mid-air collision between a Douglas DC-7 airliner and a Northrop F-89 Scorpion fighter jet.
Baseball Player and Manager Leo DurocherBaseball Player and Manager Leo Durocher 1958 - "Jackpot Bowling" premieres on NBC with Leo Durocher as host

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 282

36 BC - Antonia Minor, daughter of Mark Antony and Octavia Minor (d. 38 AD)
877 - Taejo of Goryeo, ruler of Korea (d. 943)
1512 - King Henry of Portugal (d. 1580)
1517 - Gioseffo Zarlino, composer
1543 - Tokugawa Ieyasu, Shogun of Japan (d. 1616)
1550 - Henry I, Duke of Guise, French Catholic leader (d. 1588)
1573 - Ambrosius Metzger, composer
1573 - Giulio Cesare Monteverdi, composer
1597 - John Francis Regis, French saint (d. 1640)
1601 - Pieter de Bloot, Dutch landscape painter
1607 - James Stanley, 7th Earl of Derby
1612 - Hendrik Casimir I, count of Nassau-Dietz/mayor of Frisia
1614 - Nicolas Saboly, composer
1620 - Georg F von Waldeck, German commander-in-chief
1623 - Francois-Xavier de Laval
1633 - Nathaniel Crew, English bishop (Durham)
1673 - Louis de Montfort, French catholic priest and saint (d. 1716)
1686 - Hans Egede, Norwegian Lutheran missionary (d. 1758)
1734 - Julien-Amable Mathieu, composer
1734 - Robert Morris, merchant (signed Declaration of Independence)
1750 - Gerrit J Pijman, Dutch minister of War (1798-1800, 1803-06)
1752 - Gouverneur Morris, American lawmaker and diplomat (d. 1816)
1759 - Francois Devienne, composer
1778 - Franz Anton graaf von Kolowrat, Austrian premiere of Bohemia (1848)
1784 - Carl Wilhelm Henning, composer
Composer Franz SchubertComposer Franz Schubert (1797) 1797 - Franz Peter Schubert, Lichtenthal Austria, composer (Unfinished Symphony)
1798 - Karl Gottlieb Reissiger, composer
1802 - Jan C J van Speijk, Dutch naval hero
1804 - Jozsef Bajza, Hungarian author/poet/critic
1810 - Daniel Ruggles, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1897
1812 - John Randolph Tucker, Capt (Confederate Navy), died in 1883
1813 - Samuel Sarphati, Amsterdam, physician/pharmacist/social activist
1817 - Antony Winkler Prins, Dutch writer (Groiler Encyclopaedia)
1818 - William Raine Peck, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1871
1820 - William B. Washburn, 28th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1887)
1830 - James G Blaine, the "Plumed Knight"
1835 - William Charles Lunalilo, Monarch of Hawaii (d. 1874)
1836 - Henryk Szulc, composer
1857 - George Jackson Churchward, Great Western Railway Chief mechanical engineer. (d. 1933)
1863 - F Henri Berz, French existensialist philosopher (Revue the Synthesis)
1865 - Henri Desgrange, Founder of the Tour-de-France (d. 1940)
1865 - Shastriji Maharaj, Indian spiritual leader (d. 1951)
1866 - Emil Strauss, Germany, writer (Naked Man)
1866 - Henry Forster, cricketer (Oxford blue 1887-89, later Aust Gov-General)
1868 - Theodore William Richards, chemist (atomic weights, Nobel-1914)
1869 - Henri Carton de Wiart, Belgian Count/literary/premier (1920-21)
1872 - Zane Grey, American West novelist (Riders of the Purple Sage)
1877 - Max Ettlinger, German philosopher
1878 - Willem J M van Eysinga, Dutch international law jurist
1881 - Irving Langmuir, inventor (tungsten filament lamp/Nobel 1932)
1881 - Joseph A Cushman, US, palaentologist
1882 - Anna Pavlova, St Petersburg Russia, ballerina/choreographer
1882 - Josephus RH van Schaik, Dutch lawyer/vice-premier
1884 - Nicholas Joy, Paris France, actor (Boss Lady)
1884 - Theodor Heuss, 1st President of Germany (Bundespräsident) (d. 1963)
1886 - Alfonso Lopez, Colombia, statesman (Pres UN security council-1948)
1889 - F R Foster, cricketer (330 runs & 45 wickets for England)
1890 - Adolf Bach, German language/sociologist (Deutsche Namenkunde)
1891 - Max Drischner, composer
1892 - Eddie Cantor, NYC, comedian (Eddie Cantor Comedy Theater)
1893 - Freya Stark, English explorer/ travel writer
1894 - Percy Helton, NY, actor (Jail Busters, Harbor of Missing Men)
1894 - Isham Jones, American musician (d. 1956)
1896 - Sofya Yanovskaya, Russian mathematician (d. 1966)
1900 - Betty Parsons, American artist and art dealer
1901 - Blaz Arnic, composer
1901 - Marie Luise Kaschnitz, writer
1902 - Alva Myrdal, Uppsala Sweden, diplomat (Nobel Peace Prize-1982)
1902 - Jean C M Picart le Doux, France, carpet designer
1902 - Julian H Steward, US anthropologist/professor
1903 - Gardner Cowles, Iowa, publisher/founder (Look Magazine)
1903 - Tallulah Bankhead, Huntsville Ala, actress (Lifeboat, Die Die Darling)
1904 - E van Ruller, Dutch journalist/ARP-alderman/co-founder (Trouw)
1905 - Anna Blaman, [Johanna P Vrugt], Dutch writer (Wife & Friend)
1905 - John O'Hara, Pottstown Penn, novelist (Appointment at Samarra)
1906 - Benjamin Frankel, composer
1906 - R W Bonham, founder (International Braille Chess Association)
1908 - René Simone Mathieu, France, doubles tennis star (Wimbledon 1934)
1909 - Foley Newns, British colonial administrator
1909 - Miron Grindea, literary editor
1910 - Herbert Ashworth, CEO (Nationwide Building Society)
1911 - A G Ogston, president (Trinity College-Oxford)
1911 - Christina Foyle, book seller
1911 - Eddie Byrne, British actor (d. 1981)
First Wide Receiver in NFL History Don HutsonFirst Wide Receiver in NFL History Don Hutson (1913) 1913 - Don Hutson, Pine Bluff Arkansas, first NFL wide receiver (Green Bay Packers)
1913 - Hector Iglesias Villoud, composer
1913 - Wayne Millner, NFL end (Boston/Washington Redskins)
1914 - Carey Lofton, Blountsville Fla, actor (Skinner-Troubleshooters)
1914 - Jersey Joe Walcott, Merchantville New Jersey, heavyweight boxing champ (1951-52)
1914 - Louis Osman, architect/artist/goldsmith
1914 - Sri Daya Mata, Hindu religious figure
1915 - Bobby Hackett, Providence RI, trumpeteer/orchestra leader (Air Time '57)
1915 - Garry Moore, [Thomas Garrison Morfit], Balt, host (I've Got a Secret)
1915 - John Profumo, president (Toynbee Hall)
1915 - Thomas Merton, France, Trappist monk/poet/essayist (7 Storey Mt)
1915 - William Crosbie, artist
1915 - Alan Lomax, American musicologist (d. 2002)
1916 - Ciro D Crown, premier of Dutch Antilles (1968-69)
1916 - Frank A Parker, tennis champ (US Open-1944)
1916 - Violet Cane, statistician

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 5 of 5

1560 - Spanish king Philip II marries Elisabeth van Valois
1842 - 10th US President John Tyler's daughter Elizabeth marries in White House
1960 - Songwriter Adolph Green marries actress/singer Phyllis Newman in NYC
1974 - "The Outlaw" actress Jane Russell (52) weds real-estate broker John Calvin People (45) in Santa Barbara, California
2009 - "Stay" singer-songwriter Lisa Loeb (40) weds Late Night with Conan O'Brien music supervisor Roey Hershkovitz (30) at Manhattan restaurant in New York City

Famous Divorces

Divorces 1 - 1 of 1

Actress Elizabeth TaylorActress Elizabeth Taylor (1957) 1957 - Actress Elizabeth Taylor's 2nd divorce from actor Michael Wilding

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 91 of 91

743 - Muhammad al-Baqir, Shia Imam (b. 676)
1398 - Emperor Sukō (b. 1334)
1435 - Xuande, Emperor of China (b. 1398)
1561 - Menno Simonsz, Dutch priest/vicar (Foundation Book), dies
1561 - Bairam Khan, Great Mughal General, regent for Akbar
1580 - Henry, King of Portugal, Cardinal, Epilepticus and Regent. Reigned 1578-80 (b. 1512)
English Catholic Conspirator Guy FawkesEnglish Catholic Conspirator Guy Fawkes (1606) 1606 - Guy Fawkes, convicted in the "Gunpowder Plot", executed at 35
1615 - Claudio Aquaviva, Italian Jesuit (b. 1543)
1632 - Joost Bürgi, Swiss clockmaker and mathematician (b. 1552)
1665 - Johannes Clauberg, German theologian and philosopher (b. 1622)
1686 - Jean Mairet, French dramatist (b. 1604)
1720 - Thomas Grey, 2nd Earl of Stamford, English privy councillor (c. 1654)
1729 - Jakob Roggeveen, Dutch explorer (b. 1659)
1736 - Filippo Juvara, Italian architect (b. 1678)
1788 - Francesco Zannetti, composer, dies at 50
1788 - [Bonnie Prince Charlie] Charles E Stuart, English pretender to the throne, dies at 67
1790 - Thomas Lewis, Irish-born Virginia settler (b. 1718)
1794 - Marriott Arbuthnot, British admiral (b. 1711)
1815 - José Félix Ribas, Venezuelan independentist leader (b. 1775)
1828 - Alexandros Ypsilanti, Greek resistance fighter, dies at 35
1844 - Henri Gratien, Comte Bertrand, French general (b. 1773)
1861 - Franciscus J van Vree, Dutch Catholic foreman, dies at 53
1864 - Hamilton Rowan Gamble, US judge/governor of Missouri (1861-64), dies
1888 - John Bosco, Italian priest, youth worker, educator, founder of the Salesian Society (b. 1815)
1891 - Ernest Meissonier, French painter/etcher/sculptor, dies at 75
1892 - Charles Spurgeon, English preacher and evangelist (b. 1834)
1907 - Timothy Eaton, Canadian department store founder (b. 1834)
1919 - Paul Lindau, German playwright/critic (Estimate), dies at 79
1922 - Heinrich Reinhardt, composer, dies at 56
1933 - John Galsworthy, England, writer (Forsythe, Nobel 1932), dies at 65
1939 - George Thornton, cricketer (1 Test for South Africa 1902, 1* & 1-20), dies
1940 - René "Sascha" Schickele, German writer (Erbe am Rhein), dies at 56
1942 - Henry Larkin, American baseball player (b. 1860)
1942 - Rolf Wenkhaus, German actor (b. 1917)
1944 - Jean Giraudoux, French writer (b. 1882)
1945 - Eddie Slovik, 1st US executed for desertion since Civil War at 25
1949 - Henri de Vries, [Hendricus Walterop], actor (Cleopatra), dies at 84
1954 - Edwin H Armstrong, US radio inventor (FM), commits suicide at 63
1954 - Florence Bates, actress (Kismet, I Remember Mama), dies at 65
1955 - John R Mott, US theologist/founder (YMCA, Nobel 1946), dies at 89
Author A.A. MilneAuthor A.A. Milne (1956) 1956 - A.A. Milne, English author of the Winnie-the-Pooh books, dies at 74
1960 - Lowell Gilmore, actor (Calcutta, Roadblock), dies at 53
1966 - Elizabeth Patterson, actress (Tall Story), dies at 90
1967 - Chief Thundercloud, actor (Ambush, Colt 45, Typhoon), dies at 100
1967 - Otto Dibelius, German theologian/bishop, dies at 86
1967 - Eddie Tolan, American athlete (b. 1908)
1969 - Alexander Mikhaylovich Dzegelyonok, composer, dies at 77
1969 - Meher Baba, Indian guru (b. 1894)
1970 - Slim Harpo, [James Moore], rocker, dies at 28
1972 - Bir Bikram Shah Deva Mahendra, king of Nepal (1955-72), dies at 51
1972 - Howard Barlow, conductor (Voice of Firestone), dies at 79
1972 - Istvan Szelenyi, composer, dies at 67
1973 - Ragnar Frisch, Norwegian economist (Nobel 1969), dies at 77
1974 - Glenn Morris, olympian/actor (Tarzan's Revenge), dies at 61
1974 - Harry Baum, actor (Crime & Punishment), dies at 58
1974 - Paul Haesaerts, Flemish architect/painter (Flandre), dies at 72
1974 - Roger Pryor, actor (Lady by Choice), dies at 72
Hollywood Mogul Samuel GoldwynHollywood Mogul Samuel Goldwyn (1974) 1974 - Samuel Goldwyn, Polish/English/US film magnate (MGM), dies of natural causes at 91
1976 - Ernesto Miranda, American litigant (b. 1941)
1980 - J P Duminy, cricket (30 runs at 5 & 1 wkt at 39 in 3 Test S Af), dies
1987 - Yves Allégret, French film director (b. 1907)
1989 - Jack Douglas, humorist (My Brother Was an Only Child), dies at 80
1989 - Yasushi Akutagawa, composer, dies at 63
1990 - Rashad Khalifa, Egyptian-born imam (b. 1935)
1992 - Mel Hein, NFL center (NY Giants), dies of stomach cancer at 82
1992 - Wim van Heumen, field hockey coach (Netherlands), dies at 63
NFL Offensive Lineman Mel HeinNFL Offensive Lineman Mel Hein (1992) 1994 - Pierre Boulle, French writer (Executioner), dies at 81
1995 - George Abbott, playwright/actor/producer (Damn Yankees), dies at 105
1995 - James Johnson, English MP (Labour, 1950..83), dies at 86
1996 - Gustave Solomon, mathematician, dies at 65
1997 - Eve Lister, actress/singer (No Limit, Hyde Park), dies at 84
1997 - John Joseph Scanlan, Irish Catholic prelate (b. 1930)
1999 - Norm Zauchin, American baseball player (b. 1929)
1999 - Shohei Baba, Japanese professional wrestler
2000 - Gil Kane, Latvian-born comic book writer (b. 1926)
2001 - Gordon R. Dickson, Canadian writer (b. 1923)
2002 - Francis Gabreski, American fighter pilot (b. 1919)
2004 - Eleanor Holm, American swimmer (b. 1913)
2006 - Moira Shearer, Scottish actress (The Red Shoes) and ballerina (b. 1926)
2007 - Kirka Babitzin, Finnish singer (b. 1950)
2007 - Molly Ivins, American political columnist and author (b. 1944)
2007 - Lee Bergere, American actor (b. 1924)
2007 - Adelaide Tambo, South African activist and wife of Oliver Tambo (b. 1929)
2008 - Zeltim Odie Peterson, famous pug (b. 1997)
2009 - Nagesh, Indian comedian actor in Kollywood (b. 1933)
2012 - mike Kelley, American artist, commits suicide at 57
2012 - Anthony Bevilacqua, American cardinal, dies at 88
2012 - Dorothea Tanning, American artist, dies at 101
2012 - Tristram Coffin, American folklorist, dies from pneumonia at 89
2013 - Timir Pinegin, Societ sailor, dies at 85
2014 - Christopher Jones, American actor, dies from cancer at 72

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