This Day in History for 31st January

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 187

314 - St Silvester I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
876 - Charles becomes king of Italy
1504 - By treaty of Lyons, French cede Naples to Ferdinand of Aragon
1531 - Kings Ferdinand of Austria/Janos Zapolyai of Hungary accept each other
1578 - Battle of Gembloers (Gembloux); Dutch and English forces overcame the Spanish
1596 - Catholic League disjoins
1609 - Wisselbank of Amsterdam established
1627 - Spanish government goes bankrupt
1675 - Cornelia/Dina Olfaarts found not guilty of witchcraft
1679 - Jean-Baptiste Lully's opera "Bellerophon," premieres in Paris
1696 - Revolt by undertakers after funeral reforms (Amsterdam)
1747 - The first venereal diseases clinic opens at London Lock Hospital.
1779 - Charles Messier adds M57 (Ring Nebula in Lyra) to his catalog
1804 - British vice-admiral William Blighs fleet reaches Curacao
1814 - Gervasio Antonio de Posadas becomes Supreme Director of Argentina.
1817 - Franz Grillparzer's "Die Ahnfrau," premieres in Vienna
1846 - After the Milwaukee Bridge War, Juneautown and Kilbourntown unified as the City of Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
1849 - Corn Laws abolished in Britain
1851 - Gail Borden announces invention of evaporated milk
1851 - SF Orphan's Asylum, 1st in California, founded
1854 - Dutch KNMI established (Royal Meteorological Institute)
1855 - Western railroads blocked by snow
1861 - Friedrich Hebbel's "Siegfrieds Tod," premieres in Weimar
1861 - State of Louisiana takes over US Mint at New Orleans
1862 - Telescope maker Alvin Clark discovers dwarf companion of Sirius
1863 - 1st black Civil War regiment, SC Volunteers, mustered into US army
1865 - Congress passes 13th Amendment, abolishing slavery in America (121-24)
Confederate General Robert E. LeeConfederate General Robert E. Lee 1865 - Gen Robert E. Lee named Commander-in-Chief of Confederate Armies during US Civil War
1867 - Maronite nationalist leader Youssef Karam leaves Lebanon on board of a French ship for Algeria
1871 - Millions of birds fly over western SF, darkening the sky
1874 - Jesse James gang robs train at Gads Hill, Missouri
1876 - The United States orders all Native Americans to move into reservations.
1891 - The first attempt of a Portuguese republican revolution breakes out in the northern city of Porto.
1893 - "Westminster Gazette" begins publishing
1895 - Jose Martí & others leave NYC for invasion of Spanish Cuba
1901 - Boer general John Smuts & De la Rey conqueror Mud river Transvaal
1901 - Chekhov's "Three Sisters" opens at Moscow Art Theater
1901 - Winnipeg Victorias sweep Montreal Shamrocks in 2 for Stanley Cup
1904 - Bela Bartok's symphony "Kossuth," premieres
1905 - 1st auto to exceed 100 mph (161 kph), A G MacDonald, Daytona Beach
1905 - Carroll Wright appointed 1st US Commissioner of Labor
1906 - Strongest instrumentally recorded earthquake, Colombia, 8.6 Richter
Outlaw Jesse JamesOutlaw Jesse James 1911 - Congress names SF as Panama Canal opening celebration site
1915 - 1st (German) poison gas attack, against Russians
1916 - Dutch Girl Guides form
1917 - Germany notifies US that U-boats will attack neutral merchant ship
1918 - A series of accidental collisions on a misty Scottish night leads to the loss of two Royal Navy submarines with over a hundred lives, and damage to another five British warships.
1919 - The Battle of George Square takes place in Glasgow, Scotland. Troops deployed against protesters for fear of a Bolshevik uprising.
1920 - 1st Ukrainian daily newspaper in US (NYC) begins publication
1920 - Joe Malone, Quebec Bulldogs, sets NHL record with 7 goals in a game
1920 - Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity, at Howard University, incorporates
1925 - Premier Ahmed Zogu becomes president of Angola
1927 - Internationall allied military command in Germany disbands
1927 - NL Pres John Heydler rules Rogers Hornsby can't hold stock in the Cardinals & play for the Giants
1928 - Scotch tape 1st marketed by 3-M Company
1929 - Erich Maria Remarque publishes "Im Westen nichts Neues" in Berlin
1929 - Leon Trotsky expelled from Russia to Turkey
Russian Revolutionary Leon TrotskyRussian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky 1930 - 1st US glider flight from a dirigible, Lakehurst, NJ
1931 - NHL's Quebec Bulldogs' Joseph Malone scores a record 7 goals
1931 - Philip Barry's "Tomorrow & Tomorrow," premieres in NYC
1932 - US railway unions accept 10% wage reduction
1933 - French government of Daladier takes power
1933 - Hitler promises parliamentary democracy
1934 - FDR devalus dollar in relation to gold at $35 per ounce
1936 - "Green Hornet" radio show is 1st heard on WXYZ Radio in Detroit
1940 - 40 U boats sunk this month (111,000 ton)
1940 - C Turney & J Horwin's "My Dear Children," premieres in NYC
1941 - 21 U boats sunk this month (127,000 ton)
1941 - Anti-German demonstration in Haarlem Netherlands
1941 - Joe Louis KOs Red Burman in 5 for heavyweight boxing title
1941 - Layforce set sail.
1942 - 62 U boats sunk this month (327,000 ton)
32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt 1943 - 39 U boats sunk this month (203,100 ton)
1943 - Chile breaks contact with Germany & Japan
1943 - Gen Friedrich von Paul surrenders to Russian troops at Stalingrad
1944 - Operation-Overlord (D-Day) postponed until June
1944 - U-592 sunk off Ireland
1944 - US forces invade Kwajalein Atoll
1945 - US 4th Infantry division occupies Elcherrath
1946 - Yugoslavia adopts new constitution, becomes a federal republic
1948 - J D Salinger's "A Perfect Day for Banana Fish" appears in NY
1948 - Magnetic tape recorder developed by Wireway
1949 - 1st daytime soap on TV "These Are My Children" (NBC in Chicago)
1950 - President Harry Truman publicly announces development of H-bomb
1950 - Pres Harry Truman OKs building of hydrogen bomb
1952 - Dutch Lutheran Church reunites after 1½ centuries
1952 - Harry Heilmann & Paul Waner elected to Baseball Hall of Fame
33rd US President Harry Truman33rd US President Harry Truman 1953 - "Princess Victoria" capsized off Stanraer Scotland; 133 die
1953 - Hurricane-like winds flood Netherlands drowning 1,835
1953 - NY, Cleveland, & Boston retaliate at Bill Veeck, forcing the Browns to play afternoon games to avoid sharing TV revenues
1955 - RCA demonstrates 1st music synthesizer
1956 - French government of Mollet forms
1956 - Juscelino Kubitschek becomes president of Brazil
1956 - Guy Mollet becomes Prime Minister of France.
1957 - Trans-Iranian oil pipe line finished
1957 - Eight people on the ground in Pacoima, California are killed following the mid-air collision between a Douglas DC-7 airliner and a Northrop F-89 Scorpion fighter jet.
1958 - "Jackpot Bowling" premieres on NBC with Leo Durocher as host
1958 - James van Allen discovers radiation belt
1958 - US launches their 1st artificial satellite, Explorer 1
1959 - Joe Cronin signs 7 year pact to become head of AL

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 280

36 BC - Antonia Minor, daughter of Mark Antony and Octavia Minor (d. 38 AD)
877 - Taejo of Goryeo, ruler of Korea (d. 943)
1512 - King Henry of Portugal (d. 1580)
1517 - Gioseffo Zarlino, composer
1543 - Tokugawa Ieyasu, Shogun of Japan (d. 1616)
1550 - Henry I, Duke of Guise, French Catholic leader (d. 1588)
1573 - Ambrosius Metzger, composer
1573 - Giulio Cesare Monteverdi, composer
1597 - John Francis Regis, French saint (d. 1640)
1601 - Pieter de Bloot, Dutch landscape painter
1607 - James Stanley, 7th Earl of Derby
1612 - Hendrik Casimir I, count of Nassau-Dietz/mayor of Frisia
1614 - Nicolas Saboly, composer
1620 - Georg F von Waldeck, German commander-in-chief
1623 - Francois-Xavier de Laval
1633 - Nathaniel Crew, English bishop (Durham)
1673 - Louis de Montfort, French catholic priest and saint (d. 1716)
1686 - Hans Egede, Norwegian Lutheran missionary (d. 1758)
1734 - Julien-Amable Mathieu, composer
1734 - Robert Morris, merchant (signed Declaration of Independence)
1750 - Gerrit J Pijman, Dutch minister of War (1798-1800, 1803-06)
1752 - Gouverneur Morris, American lawmaker and diplomat (d. 1816)
1759 - Francois Devienne, composer
1778 - Franz Anton graaf von Kolowrat, Austrian premiere of Bohemia (1848)
1784 - Carl Wilhelm Henning, composer
Composer Franz SchubertComposer Franz Schubert (1797) 1797 - Franz Peter Schubert, Lichtenthal Austria, composer (Unfinished Symphony)
1798 - Karl Gottlieb Reissiger, composer
1802 - Jan C J van Speijk, Dutch naval hero
1804 - Jozsef Bajza, Hungarian author/poet/critic
1810 - Daniel Ruggles, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1897
1812 - John Randolph Tucker, Capt (Confederate Navy), died in 1883
1813 - Samuel Sarphati, Amsterdam, physician/pharmacist/social activist
1817 - Antony Winkler Prins, Dutch writer (Groiler Encyclopaedia)
1818 - William Raine Peck, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1871
1820 - William B. Washburn, 28th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1887)
1830 - James G Blaine, the "Plumed Knight"
1835 - William Charles Lunalilo, Monarch of Hawaii (d. 1874)
1836 - Henryk Szulc, composer
1857 - George Jackson Churchward, Great Western Railway Chief mechanical engineer. (d. 1933)
1863 - F Henri Berz, French existensialist philosopher (Revue the Synthesis)
1865 - Henri Desgrange, Founder of the Tour-de-France (d. 1940)
1865 - Shastriji Maharaj, Indian spiritual leader (d. 1951)
1866 - Emil Strauss, Germany, writer (Naked Man)
1866 - Henry Forster, cricketer (Oxford blue 1887-89, later Aust Gov-General)
1868 - Theodore William Richards, chemist (atomic weights, Nobel-1914)
1869 - Henri Carton de Wiart, Belgian Count/literary/premier (1920-21)
1872 - Zane Grey, American West novelist (Riders of the Purple Sage)
1877 - Max Ettlinger, German philosopher
1878 - Willem J M van Eysinga, Dutch international law jurist
1881 - Irving Langmuir, inventor (tungsten filament lamp/Nobel 1932)
1881 - Joseph A Cushman, US, palaentologist
1882 - Anna Pavlova, St Petersburg Russia, ballerina/choreographer
1882 - Josephus RH van Schaik, Dutch lawyer/vice-premier
1884 - Nicholas Joy, Paris France, actor (Boss Lady)
1884 - Theodor Heuss, 1st President of Germany (Bundespräsident) (d. 1963)
1886 - Alfonso Lopez, Colombia, statesman (Pres UN security council-1948)
1889 - F R Foster, cricketer (330 runs & 45 wickets for England)
1890 - Adolf Bach, German language/sociologist (Deutsche Namenkunde)
1891 - Max Drischner, composer
1892 - Eddie Cantor, NYC, comedian (Eddie Cantor Comedy Theater)
1893 - Freya Stark, English explorer/ travel writer
1894 - Percy Helton, NY, actor (Jail Busters, Harbor of Missing Men)
1894 - Isham Jones, American musician (d. 1956)
1896 - Sofya Yanovskaya, Russian mathematician (d. 1966)
1900 - Betty Parsons, American artist and art dealer
1901 - Blaz Arnic, composer
1901 - Marie Luise Kaschnitz, writer
1902 - Alva Myrdal, Uppsala Sweden, diplomat (Nobel Peace Prize-1982)
1902 - Jean C M Picart le Doux, France, carpet designer
1902 - Julian H Steward, US anthropologist/professor
1903 - Gardner Cowles, Iowa, publisher/founder (Look Magazine)
1903 - Tallulah Bankhead, Huntsville Ala, actress (Lifeboat, Die Die Darling)
1904 - E van Ruller, Dutch journalist/ARP-alderman/co-founder (Trouw)
1905 - Anna Blaman, [Johanna P Vrugt], Dutch writer (Wife & Friend)
1905 - John O'Hara, Pottstown Penn, novelist (Appointment at Samarra)
1906 - Benjamin Frankel, composer
1906 - R W Bonham, founder (International Braille Chess Association)
1908 - René Simone Mathieu, France, doubles tennis star (Wimbledon 1934)
1909 - Foley Newns, British colonial administrator
1909 - Miron Grindea, literary editor
1910 - Herbert Ashworth, CEO (Nationwide Building Society)
1911 - A G Ogston, president (Trinity College-Oxford)
1911 - Christina Foyle, book seller
1911 - Eddie Byrne, British actor (d. 1981)
1913 - Don Hutson, NFL end (Packers)
1913 - Hector Iglesias Villoud, composer
1913 - Wayne Millner, NFL end (Boston/Washington Redskins)
1914 - Carey Lofton, Blountsville Fla, actor (Skinner-Troubleshooters)
1914 - Jersey Joe Walcott, heavyweight boxing champ (1951-52)
1914 - Louis Osman, architect/artist/goldsmith
1914 - Sri Daya Mata, Hindu religious figure
1915 - Bobby Hackett, Providence RI, trumpeteer/orchestra leader (Air Time '57)
1915 - Garry Moore, [Thomas Garrison Morfit], Balt, host (I've Got a Secret)
1915 - John Profumo, president (Toynbee Hall)
1915 - Thomas Merton, France, Trappist monk/poet/essayist (7 Storey Mt)
1915 - William Crosbie, artist
1915 - Alan Lomax, American musicologist (d. 2002)
1916 - Ciro D Crown, premier of Dutch Antilles (1968-69)
1916 - Frank A Parker, tennis champ (US Open-1944)
1916 - Violet Cane, statistician

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 5 of 5

1560 - Spanish king Philip II marries Elisabeth van Valois
1842 - 10th US President John Tyler's daughter Elizabeth marries in White House
1960 - Songwriter Adolph Green marries actress/singer Phyllis Newman in NYC
1974 - "The Outlaw" actress Jane Russell (52) weds real-estate broker John Calvin People (45) in Santa Barbara, California
2009 - "Stay" singer-songwriter Lisa Loeb (40) weds Late Night with Conan O'Brien music supervisor Roey Hershkovitz (30) at Manhattan restaurant in New York City

Famous Divorces

Divorces 1 - 1 of 1

1957 - Actress Elizabeth Taylor's 2nd divorce from actor Michael Wilding

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 90 of 90

743 - Muhammad al-Baqir, Shia Imam (b. 676)
1398 - Emperor Sukō (b. 1334)
1435 - Xuande, Emperor of China (b. 1398)
1561 - Menno Simonsz, Dutch priest/vicar (Foundation Book), dies
1561 - Bairam Khan, Great Mughal General, regent for Akbar
1580 - Henry, King of Portugal, Cardinal, Epilepticus and Regent. Reigned 1578-80 (b. 1512)
1606 - Guy Fawkes, convicted in the "Gunpowder Plot", executed at 35
1615 - Claudio Aquaviva, Italian Jesuit (b. 1543)
1632 - Joost Bürgi, Swiss clockmaker and mathematician (b. 1552)
1665 - Johannes Clauberg, German theologian and philosopher (b. 1622)
1686 - Jean Mairet, French dramatist (b. 1604)
1720 - Thomas Grey, 2nd Earl of Stamford, English privy councillor (c. 1654)
1729 - Jakob Roggeveen, Dutch explorer (b. 1659)
1736 - Filippo Juvara, Italian architect (b. 1678)
1788 - Francesco Zannetti, composer, dies at 50
1788 - [Bonnie Prince Charlie] Charles E Stuart, English pretender to the throne, dies at 67
1790 - Thomas Lewis, Irish-born Virginia settler (b. 1718)
1794 - Marriott Arbuthnot, British admiral (b. 1711)
1815 - José Félix Ribas, Venezuelan independentist leader (b. 1775)
English Catholic Conspirator Guy FawkesEnglish Catholic Conspirator Guy Fawkes (1606) 1828 - Alexandros Ypsilanti, Greek resistance fighter, dies at 35
1844 - Henri Gratien, Comte Bertrand, French general (b. 1773)
1861 - Franciscus J van Vree, Dutch Catholic foreman, dies at 53
1864 - Hamilton Rowan Gamble, US judge/governor of Missouri (1861-64), dies
1888 - John Bosco, Italian priest, youth worker, educator, founder of the Salesian Society (b. 1815)
1891 - Ernest Meissonier, French painter/etcher/sculptor, dies at 75
1892 - Charles Spurgeon, English preacher and evangelist (b. 1834)
1907 - Timothy Eaton, Canadian department store founder (b. 1834)
1919 - Paul Lindau, German playwright/critic (Estimate), dies at 79
1922 - Heinrich Reinhardt, composer, dies at 56
1933 - John Galsworthy, England, writer (Forsythe, Nobel 1932), dies at 65
1939 - George Thornton, cricketer (1 Test for South Africa 1902, 1* & 1-20), dies
1940 - René "Sascha" Schickele, German writer (Erbe am Rhein), dies at 56
1942 - Henry Larkin, American baseball player (b. 1860)
1942 - Rolf Wenkhaus, German actor (b. 1917)
1944 - Jean Giraudoux, French writer (b. 1882)
1945 - Eddie Slovik, 1st US executed for desertion since Civil War at 25
1949 - Henri de Vries, [Hendricus Walterop], actor (Cleopatra), dies at 84
1954 - Edwin H Armstrong, US radio inventor (FM), commits suicide at 63
1954 - Florence Bates, actress (Kismet, I Remember Mama), dies at 65
1955 - John R Mott, US theologist/founder (YMCA, Nobel 1946), dies at 89
1956 - A. A. Milne, English author (b. 1882)
1960 - Lowell Gilmore, actor (Calcutta, Roadblock), dies at 53
1966 - Elizabeth Patterson, actress (Tall Story), dies at 90
1967 - Chief Thundercloud, actor (Ambush, Colt 45, Typhoon), dies at 100
1967 - Otto Dibelius, German theologian/bishop, dies at 86
1967 - Eddie Tolan, American athlete (b. 1908)
1969 - Alexander Mikhaylovich Dzegelyonok, composer, dies at 77
1969 - Meher Baba, Indian guru (b. 1894)
1970 - Slim Harpo, [James Moore], rocker, dies at 28
1972 - Bir Bikram Shah Deva Mahendra, king of Nepal (1955-72), dies at 51
1972 - Howard Barlow, conductor (Voice of Firestone), dies at 79
1972 - Istvan Szelenyi, composer, dies at 67
1973 - Ragnar Frisch, Norwegian economist (Nobel 1969), dies at 77
1974 - Glenn Morris, olympian/actor (Tarzan's Revenge), dies at 61
1974 - Harry Baum, actor (Crime & Punishment), dies at 58
1974 - Paul Haesaerts, Flemish architect/painter (Flandre), dies at 72
1974 - Roger Pryor, actor (Lady by Choice), dies at 72
1974 - Samuel Goldwyn, Polish/English/US film magnate (MGM), dies at 91
1976 - Ernesto Miranda, American litigant (b. 1941)
1980 - J P Duminy, cricket (30 runs at 5 & 1 wkt at 39 in 3 Test S Af), dies
1987 - Yves Allégret, French film director (b. 1907)
1989 - Jack Douglas, humorist (My Brother Was an Only Child), dies at 80
1989 - Yasushi Akutagawa, composer, dies at 63
1990 - Rashad Khalifa, Egyptian-born imam (b. 1935)
1992 - Mel Hein, NFL center (NY Giants), dies at 82
1992 - Wim van Heumen, field hockey coach (Netherlands), dies at 63
1994 - Pierre Boulle, French writer (Executioner), dies at 81
1995 - George Abbott, playwright/actor/producer (Damn Yankees), dies at 105
1995 - James Johnson, English MP (Labour, 1950..83), dies at 86
1996 - Gustave Solomon, mathematician, dies at 65
1997 - Eve Lister, actress/singer (No Limit, Hyde Park), dies at 84
1997 - John Joseph Scanlan, Irish Catholic prelate (b. 1930)
1999 - Norm Zauchin, American baseball player (b. 1929)
1999 - Shohei Baba, Japanese professional wrestler
2000 - Gil Kane, Latvian-born comic book writer (b. 1926)
2001 - Gordon R. Dickson, Canadian writer (b. 1923)
2002 - Francis Gabreski, American fighter pilot (b. 1919)
2004 - Eleanor Holm, American swimmer (b. 1913)
2006 - Moira Shearer, Scottish actress (The Red Shoes) and ballerina (b. 1926)
2007 - Kirka Babitzin, Finnish singer (b. 1950)
2007 - Molly Ivins, American political columnist and author (b. 1944)
2007 - Lee Bergere, American actor (b. 1924)
2007 - Adelaide Tambo, South African activist and wife of Oliver Tambo (b. 1929)
2008 - Zeltim Odie Peterson, famous pug (b. 1997)
2009 - Nagesh, Indian comedian actor in Kollywood (b. 1933)
2012 - mike Kelley, American artist, commits suicide at 57
2012 - Anthony Bevilacqua, American cardinal, dies at 88
2012 - Dorothea Tanning, American artist, dies at 101
2012 - Tristram Coffin, American folklorist, dies from pneumonia at 89
2013 - Timir Pinegin, Societ sailor, dies at 85

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