This Day in History for 8th January

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 179

794 - Vikings attacked Lindisfarne Island
871 - Battle of Ashdown: Ethelred of Wessex and his brother Alfred (the Great) beat invading Danish army
1198 - Lotario di Segni elected Pope Innocentius III
1214 - Earl Ferrand of Flanders drops ties with France
1297 - Monaco gains its independence.
1558 - French troops under duke de Guise occupy Calais
1598 - Jews are expelled from Genoa, Italy
1656 - Oldest surviving commercial newspaper begins (Haarlem, Netherlands)
1675 - 1st American commercial corporation chartered (NY Fishing Co)
1705 - George F Handel's 1st opera "Almira," premieres in Hamburg
1716 - Dutch gang leader "Sjako" arrested
1734 - Premiere of George Frideric Handel's Ariodante at the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden.
1745 - England, Austria, Neth & Saxon sign anti-Prussian Quadruple Alliance
Composer George Friedrich HandelComposer George Friedrich Handel 1746 - Bonnie Prince Charlie's troops occupy Stirling [NS=Jan 19]
1760 - Comet C/1760 A1 (Great comet) approaches within 0.0682 AUs of Earth
1790 - 1st US President George Washington delivers 1st state of the union address
1798 - 11th Amendment ratified, judicial powers construed
1800 - Austrians defeat French in 2nd battle of Novi
1800 - Wild Boy of Aveyron discovered in southern France
1806 - Cape colony becomes British colony
1806 - Lewis & Clark find skeleton of 105' blue whale in Oregon
1811 - Louisiana slave revolt by Charles Deslondes at German Coast
First US President George WashingtonFirst US President George Washington 1815 - Battle of New Orleans (War of 1812); the war had ended on 24th December 1814 but none of the combatants knew
1833 - Boston Academy of Music, 1st US music school, established
1835 - The United States national debt is 0 for the first and only time.
1838 - 1st telegraph message sent using dots & dashes (NJ)
1838 - Rebellion at Amherstburg, Ontario breaks out
1842 - Dutch King Willem II charters Technical College Delft
1848 - Austrian soldiers kill 10 students, Pavia
1853 - 1st US bronze equestrian statue (of Andrew Jackson) unveiled, Washington
1856 - Dr John A Veatch discovers borax, Tuscan Springs, Calif
1857 - Dion Boucicauly's "Poor of NY," premieres in NYC
1863 - American Civil War: Second Battle of Springfield
1867 - Legislation gives suffrage to DC blacks, despite President Johnson's veto
1867 - African American men granted the right to vote in Washington, D.C.
1870 - US mint at Carson City, Nevada begins issuing coins
Native American War Leader Crazy HorseNative American War Leader Crazy Horse 1877 - Crazy Horse and his warriors fight their last battle with the United States Cavalry at Wolf Mountain (Montana Territory).
1878 - Secret meeting of King Leopold II's agent & Henry Morton Stanley
1884 - Chrome tanning process for leather patented by Augustus Schultz
1889 - Dr Herman Hollerith receives 1st US patent for a mechanical tabulating machine
1894 - Columbus World's fair in Chicago destroyed by fire
1897 - Michael Eagan wins 1st US national amateur handball championship
1901 - New South Wales score 918 all out vs South Australia in 560 minutes
1902 - 1st National Bowling Championship held (Chicago, Ill)
1902 - The United Irish League, a leading force for unification in all Ireland and independence from Britain, holds its convention in Dublin
1904 - Pope Pius X banned low cut dresses in the presence of churchmen
1906 - A landslide in Haverstraw, New York, caused by the excavation of clay along the Hudson River, kills 20 people.
1912 - Chiefs, representatives of people's and church organisations, and other prominent individuals form the African National Congress and declare its aim to bring all Africans together as one people to defend their rights and freedoms
1913 - Frank Chance becomes Yankee manager
1916 - World War I: Allied forces withdraw from Gallipoli.
1917 - Austria-Hungarian troops conquer Forlani Italy
1918 - Mississippi becomes 1st state to ratify 18th amendment (prohibition)
1918 - Pres Wilson outlines his 14 points for peace after the Great War
1923 - Typography strike in Amsterdam
1925 - 1st all-female US state supreme court appointed, Texas
1926 - Abdul-Aziz ibn Sa'ud becomes king of Hejaz; renames it Saudi Arabia
1929 - 1st telephone connection between Netherlands & West-Indies
1929 - CBS radio network buys WABC in NYC
1931 - Phila Quakers set then NHL record of 15 straight loses
1932 - Ratification of present SF City Charter
1934 - Jaap Speyers "Bluejackets" premieres in Amsterdam
1935 - Spectrophotometer patented, AC Hardy
1937 - -50°F (-45.6°C), San Jacinto, Nevada (state record)
1938 - Bradman scores 107 for South Australia v Qld (1st innings)
1940 - Britain's 1st WW II rationing (bacon, butter & sugar)
1940 - World War II: Britain introduces food rationing.
1942 - British Air Marshal Richard Peirse replaced as Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief Bomber Command
1945 - "Youth for Christ" organizes
Military Leader George MarshallMilitary Leader George Marshall 1947 - Gen George Marshall becomes US Secretary of State
1947 - Toronto Maple Leaf rookie Howie Meeker scores 5 goals in a game
1948 - Queen Wilhelmina signs death sentence against Ans van Dijk for treason
1949 - "Make Mine Manhattan" closes at Broadhurst Theater NYC after 429 perfs
1949 - "My Romance" closes at Shubert Theater NYC after 95 performances
1949 - "Small Wonder" closes at Coronet Theater NYC after 134 performances
1951 - Thought extinct since 1615, a Cahow is rediscovered in Bermuda
1952 - Jordan adopts constitution
1953 - Indians bar night games with Browns (who refuse to share TV receipts)
1953 - René Mayer forms French government
Singer & Cultural Icon Elvis PresleySinger & Cultural Icon Elvis Presley 1954 - Elvis Presley pays $4 to a Memphis studio & records his 1st two songs, "Casual Love" & "I'll Never Stand in Your Way"
1955 - Furman sets NCAA basketball single-game scoring record with 154 pt
1955 - Georgia Tech ends Kentucky's 130-game home basketball win streak
1955 - Louise Sugg wins LPGA LA Golf Open
1955 - WUNC TV channel 4 in Chapel Hill, NC (PBS) begins broadcasting
1956 - Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Conrad Aiken
1956 - Elvis Presley's "Don't Be Cruel/Hound Dog," single goes to #1 & stays #1 for a record 11 weeks (for a single)
1956 - Operation Auca: Five U.S. missionaries are killed by the Huaorani of Ecuador shortly after making contact with them.
1958 - Cuban revolutionary forces capture Havana
French President Charles de GaulleFrench President Charles de Gaulle 1959 - Charles de Gaulle inaugurated as pres of France's 5th Republic
1961 - Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Yvor Winters
1962 - Dutch express train crashes into slow commuter train, 93 die (Neth)
1962 - Golfer Jack Nicklaus, 21, 1st pro appearance, he came in 50th
1963 - "Mona Lisa," on loan, unveiled in America's National Gallery of Art
1963 - Dmitri Shostakovitch' Katharina Ismailova, premieres in Riga
1964 - President Lyndon B. Johnson declares "War on Poverty"
1965 - Senator Everett Dirksen introduces a bill to make marigold the American natonal flower (doesn't pass)
36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson 1965 - Star of India returned to American Museum of Natural History
1966 - Beatles' "Rubber Soul," album goes #1 & stays #1 for 6 weeks
1966 - Beatles' "We Can Work It Out," single goes #1 & stays #1 for 3 weeks
1966 - Georges Pompidou re-appointed French Prime Minister and forms new government
1966 - Who & the Kinks perform on the last "Shindig" TV show on ABC

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 271

1081 - Henry V, Roman German king/emperor (1098/1111-25)
1556 - Uesugi Kagekatsu, Japanese samurai and warlord (d. 1623)
1583 - Simon Episcopius, Dutch bishop/theologist
1587 - Johannes Fabricius, Denmark, astronomer (discovered sunspots)
1589 - Ivan [Dzivo F] Gundulic, Dalmatisch writer (Dubravka)
1601 - Baltasar Gracián y Morales, Spanish writer (d. 1658)
1628 - Francois de Montmorency-Bouteville, duc de Luxemburg, French soldier
1632 - Samuel, Freiherr von Pufendorf, German jurist
1635 - Luis Manuel Fernández de Portocarrero, Spanish Archbishop (d. 1709)
1658 - Nicolas Coustou, French sculptor (Descente de Croix)
1668 - Jean Gilles, composer
1735 - John Carroll, American Roman Catholic archbishop (d. 1815)
1763 - Edmond Charles Genêt, French diplomat (d. 1834)
1767 - Abraham de Veer, Dutch governor-general of Suriname (1822-28)
1777 - Filippo Traetta, Italy, composer/musicologist
1779 - John White, composer
1786 - Nicholas Biddle, made 2nd bank of US 1st effective central bank
1787 - Johann Ludwig Bohner, composer
1788 - Erik Drake, composer
1788 - Archduke Rudolph of Austria (d. 1831)
1788 - Pavel Kiselyov, Russian general and politician (d. 1874)
1791 - Jacob Collamer, (Sen-Vt)
1792 - Lowell Mason, Medfield Mass, organist/composer (Zebulo)
1805 - John Bigler, American politician (d. 1871)
1805 - Orson Hyde, American religious leader (d. 1878)
1812 - Sigismond Fortune Francois Thalberg, composer
1812 - William Henry Holmes, composer
1814 - Johannes Kneppelhout, [Klikspaan], Dutch humorist
1814 - Thomas Green, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1864
1815 - George Webb Morell, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1883
1815 - Lawrence Pike Graham, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1905
1817 - John Selden Roane, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1867
1817 - Sir Theophilus Shepstone, South African statesman (d. 1893)
Confederate General James LongstreetConfederate General James Longstreet (1821) 1821 - James Longstreet, Confederate general (1st Corps, ANV)
1822 - Alfredo Carlo Piatti, composer
1823 - Alfred Russel Wallace, British zoologist/co-discoverer (evolution)
1824 - Per August Olander, composer
1824 - William Wilkie Collins, English novelist (Woman in White)
1824 - Francisco González Bocanegra, Mexican poet (d. 1861)
1830 - Gouverneur Kemble Warren, Major Gen (Union volunteers), died in 1882
1830 - Hans von Bülow, German pianist and composer (d. 1894)
1836 - Fannie M Jackson, pioneer & educator, 1st US Black woman college grad
1836 - Lawrence Alma Tadema, Dutch/British painter/husband of Laura Epps
Naturalist, biologist, and explorer Alfred Russel WallaceNaturalist, biologist, and explorer Alfred Russel Wallace (1823) 1843 - Frederick Abberline, British police investigator (d. 1929)
1843 - John H. Moffitt, American politician (d. 1926)
1846 - Albert Cahen, composer
1846 - William Wallace Gilchrist, composer
1852 - James Milton Carroll, American pastor and author (d. 1931)
1860 - Nancy Jones, US black missionary in Africa
1862 - Frank Nelson Doubleday, publisher/founder (Doubleday & Co)
1864 - Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence and Avondale (d. 1892)
1866 - William G. Conley, American politician (d. 1940)
1867 - Emily Green Balch, US, sociologist/feminist/pacifist (Nobel 1946)
1868 - Frank Dyson, proved Einstein right about light bent by gravity
1870 - Miguel Primo de Rivera Orbaneja, dictator of Spain (1923-30)
1871 - James Craig, 1st Viscount Craigavon, Irish politician (d. 1940)
1873 - Lucien Capet, composer
1873 - Iuliu Maniu, Romanian politician (d. 1953)
1873 - Elena of Montenegro, queen of Italy (d. 1956)
1881 - Henrik Shipstead, American politician (d. 1960)
1883 - Josue Teofilo Wilkes, composer
1883 - Pavel Filonov, Russian painter (d. 1941)
1883 - Patrick J. Hurley, United States Secretary of War (d. 1963)
1885 - John Curtin, Victoria, Australian PM (Labor, 1941-45)
1885 - A. J. Muste, Dutch pacifist and activist (d. 1967)
1886 - Noble Drew Ali, [Timothy Drew], NC, prophet (Moorish Science Temple)
1888 - Matt Moore, County Meath Ireland, actor (Coquette, Deluge)
1888 - Richard Courant, German-American mathematician (d. 1972)
1888 - Matthew Moore, Irish-American actor (d. 1960)
1889 - Paul Hartmann, Furth Germany, actor (Haunted Castle)
1890 - Sandor Rado, Hungarian/US psycho analyst
1891 - Bronislava Nijinska, ballet choreographer
1891 - Walter Bothe, Germany, subatomic particle physicist (Nobel 1954)
1891 - Storm Jameson, English writer (d. 1986)
1892 - Werner Wehrli, composer
1894 - St Maximilian Kolbe, Polish martyr (d. 1941)
1896 - Jaromir Weinberger, Prague Czechoslovakia, composer (Bird's Opera)
1896 - Manuel Rojas Sepulveda, Chile, writer (Men of the South)
1896 - Arthur Ford, American psychic (d. 1971)
1897 - Dennis Wheatley, British author (d. 1977)
1899 - Solomon WRD Bandaranaike, premier of Ceylon (1956-59)
1900 - Queen Marie, of Yugoslavia
1901 - Edmond Vandercammen, French/Belgian writer (L'amour responsable)
1902 - Alexander Gray, Wrightsville Pa, actor (This is Music)
1902 - Carl R[ansom] Rogers, US, psychologist (Client-Centered Therapy)
1902 - Georgy M Malenkov, Stalin's successor as head of CPSU, PM (1953-55)
1902 - Gret Palucca, German dancer/choreography (Silent Song)
1903 - Gene Roth, [Eugene Stutenroth], SD, actor (She Demons, Spider)
1904 - Peter Arno, NYC, cartoonist (New Yorker)
1904 - Karl Brandt, Alsacian Nazi war criminal (d. 1948)
1905 - Carl Gustav Hempel, German Logical Positivist philosopher
1905 - Giacinto Scelsi, La Spezia, Italy, composer and surrealist poet
1906 - Jan A H J S Bruins Slot, Dutch founder illegal Trouw/MP (ARP)
1906 - Serge Poliakoff, Russian/French painter/guitarist
1908 - (Fearless) Mary Nadia Wadia, actress
1908 - William Hartnell, London England, actor (Agitator, Jackpot)
1909 - Bruce Mitchell, cricketer (South African bat, their top run-scorer (3471))
1909 - Willy Millowitsch, German actor (d. 1999)
1909 - Evelyn Wood, American educator (d. 1995)
1910 - Richard Cromwell, [LeRoy Melvin Radabaugh], Los Angeles California, actor (Jezebel)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 5 of 5

Politician John C. CalhounPolitician John C. Calhoun (1811) 1811 - US Vice President John C. Calhoun (28) weds Floride Bonneau (19)
1930 - Belgium Princess Marie-Jose marries Italian's crown prince Umberto
1951 - Actor Burgess Meredith (43) weds ballerina Kaja Sundsten
1973 - Actor Michael Caine (40) weds model Shakira Baksh (25) at Candlelight Wedding Chapel in Las Vegas, Nevada
2005 - Rapper and actor Nas (32) weds R&B singer Kelis (25) at Morningside Baptist Church in Atlanta, Georgia

Famous Divorces

Divorces 1 - 2 of 2

1499 - Louis XII of France after papal divorce marries Anne, Duchess of Brittany to keep duchy for the crown
Comedienne and Actress Roseanne BarrComedienne and Actress Roseanne Barr (1998) 1998 - Roseanne files for divorce from 3rd husband Ben Thomas

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 171

482 - Severinus, German monastery founder/saint, dies
1100 - Antipope Clement III (bc. 1029)
1107 - Edgar of Scotland (b. 1074)
1198 - Pope Celestine III [Giacinto Bobo], Reigned 1191-98, dies. (bc. 1106)
Explorer Marco PoloExplorer Marco Polo (1324) 1324 - Marco Polo, Venetian explorer, dies at 69
1336 - Giotto di Bondone, Italian Renaissance painter, dies at about 71
1455 - Laurentius Justitianus, [Lorenzo Giustiniani], saint, dies at 73
1456 - St Lawrence Justinian, Italian bishop and first Patriarch of Venice (b. 1381)
1464 - Thomas Ebendorfer, Austrian historian (b. 1385)
1557 - Albert the Warlike, Prince of Bayreuth (b. 1522)
1567 - Jacob Vaet, Flemish composer/royal chaplain master, dies at about 37
1570 - Philibert de l'Orme, French architect (bc. 1510)
1598 - Johan Georg, elector of Brandenburg (1571-91), dies at 72
Astronomer & Physicist Galileo GalileiAstronomer & Physicist Galileo Galilei (1642) 1642 - Galileo Galilei, Italian physicist/astronomer, dies at 77 in Italy
1651 - Giovanni Battista Gagliano, composer, dies at 56
1696 - Michael de Ronghe, composer, dies at 75
1707 - John Dalrymple, 1st Earl of Stair, Scottish politician (b. 1648)
1711 - Philips van Almonde, Zealand lt admiral, dies at 66
1713 - Arcangelo Corelli, composer/violinist (Concerti Grossi), dies at 59
1775 - John Baskerville, English printer/type designer, dies at 68
1789 - Jack Broughton, English boxer (bc. 1703)
1790 - John Stinstra, Dutch baptist vicar, dies at 81
1794 - Justus Möser, German statesman (b. 1720)
1796 - Jean-Marie Collot d'Herbois, Fren Nat Convention chairman, dies at 46
1808 - Messenger, horse that sired many great trotters, dies
1811 - Friedrich Nicolai, writer, dies
1811 - Samuel Story, Dutch rear admiral (Battle of Kamperduin), dies at 58
1815 - Edward Pakenham, Engl general (Battle of New Orleans), dies in battle
1819 - Christian Gottlob Saupe, composer, dies at 55
Inventor of the Cotton Gin Eli WhitneyInventor of the Cotton Gin Eli Whitney (1825) 1825 - Eli Whitney, American inventor (Cotton Gin), dies of prostate cancer at 59
1831 - Franz Vinzenz Krommer, composer, dies at 71
1842 - Viscount Pierre Cambronne, French General during the wars of the Revolution and the Napoleonic Era, dies at 71
1854 - William Carr Beresford, 1st Viscount Beresford, British general and politician (b. 1768)
1858 - Friedrich Karl Kuhmstedt, composer, dies at 48
1859 - Antoine GB Schayes, Belgian historian/archaeologist, dies at 50
1864 - Victor-Charles-Paul Dourlen, composer, dies at 83
1865 - Aimé, duc de Clermont-Tonnerre, French general (b. 1779)
1874 - Charles Etienne Brasseur de Bourbourg, French writer and historian (b. 1814)
1880 - [Joshua] Norton I, Emperor of US/Protector of Mexico, dies at 60
1891 - Fredrik Pacius, composer, dies at 81
1892 - John Heykamp, old-catholic archbishop of Utrecht, dies at 67
1894 - Pierre-Joseph van Beneden, paleont (life of tapeworms), dies at 84
1896 - William Rainey Marshall, Governor of Minnesota (b. 1825)
1896 - Paul Verlaine, French poet (b. 1844)
1900 - Billy Bates, cricketer (656 runs & 50 wkts in 15 Tests for Eng), dies
1901 - John Barry, Irish recipient of the Victoria Cross (b. 1873)
1907 - Theodoor Verstraete, Flemish painter/etcher, dies at 57
1916 - Ada Rehan, Irish-born American actress (b. 1860)
1916 - Rembrandt Bugatti, Italian sculptor (b. 1884)
1918 - Michael Hertz, composer, dies at 73
1918 - Ellis H. Roberts, American politician (b. 1827)
1919 - Peter Altenberg, writer, dies at 59
1921 - Luis Villalba Munoz, composer, dies at 48
1922 - Charles R Young, colonel, dies at 58, in Lagos Nigeria
1926 - Emile Paladilhe, composer, dies at 81
1928 - Dumitru Kiriac-Georgescu, composer, dies at 61
1932 - Eurosia Fabris, Italian Catholic (b. 1866)
1934 - Alexandre Stavisky, French swindler, dies
1934 - Andrei Bely, Russian writer (b. 1880)
1937 - John Felix August Korling, composer, dies at 72
1938 - Johnny Gruelle, American cartoonist, creator of Raggedy Ann and Andy (b. 1880)
1941 - Robert Baden-Powell, founder (Boy Scout movement), dies at 83
1942 - Arvo Hannikainen, composer, dies at 44
1942 - Joseph Franklin Rutherford, American religious publisher (b. 1869)
1943 - Richard Hillary, Australian Spitfire pilot and author (b. 1919)
1944 - William Kissam Vanderbilt II, member of the Vanderbilt family (b. 1878)
1945 - Jac[obus] P Thijsse, Dutch biologist (Omgang met planten), dies at 79
1945 - Karl Krafft, Swiss astrologer who was manipulated by the Nazi regime (b. 1900)
Occultist and Author Dion FortuneOccultist and Author Dion Fortune (1946) 1946 - Dion Fortune, British occultist and author dies at 55
1948 - Kurt Schwitters, writer, dies at 60
1948 - Richard Tauber, Austrian tenor (b. 1891)
1950 - George Rowe, cricketer (15 wckts in 4 Tests for S Af 1895-1902), dies
1950 - Joseph A Schumpeter, Aus/US economist/Minister of Finance, dies at 66
1950 - Joseph Issac Shneerson, Jewish Lubavitch Chabal leader, dies
1952 - Antonia Maury, discoverer (supergiant, giant & dwarf stars), dies
1952 - Joseph Arendt, Belgian worker's union leader, dies at 66
1953 - Heinrich Kaspar Schmid, composer, dies at 78
1953 - Admiral Sir Hugh Binney, British naval commander and Governor of Tasmania (b. 1883)
1956 - Jim Elliot, American Christian missionary (b. 1928)
1958 - Paul Pilgrim, American athlete (b. 1883)
1963 - Stark Young, US writer (So Red the Rose), dies at 81
1963 - Kay Sage, American artist and poet commits suicide aged 64
1964 - Arnoldus JC Krafft, theologist (Atlas of Neth Antilles), dies at 71
1964 - Julius Raab, Austrian Chancellor (1953-61), dies at 72
1965 - Aloys-Henri-Gerard Fornerod, composer, dies at 74
1967 - Zbigniew Cybulski, Polish actor (See You Tommorrow), dies at 39
1969 - Albert Hill, British athlete (b. 1889)
1970 - Georges Guibourg, French performer (b. 1891)
1971 - Adriano Lualdi, composer, dies at 85
Poet/Novelist Kenneth PatchenPoet/Novelist Kenneth Patchen (1972) 1972 - Kenneth Patchen, US writer (See You in the Morning), dies at 60
1975 - Anthony Warde, actor (Big Punch, Buck Rogers), dies at 66
1975 - Gertrude Olmsted, actress (Cobra, Torrent), dies at 70
1975 - John Dierkes, actor (Red Badge of Courage), dies at 69
1975 - John Gregson, actor (Rooney, Assassin), dies at 55
1975 - Louis J H C A de Bourbon, Dutch writer/poet (Gypsy Blood), dies at 66
1975 - Richard Tucker, [Reuben Ticker], US tenor (La Gioconda), dies at 61
1976 - Chou En-lai, China's PM (1949-76), dies of cancer in Beijing at 78
1976 - Zhou Enlai, Premier of the People's Republic of China (b. 1898)
Premier of the People's Republic of China Zhou EnlaiPremier of the People's Republic of China Zhou Enlai (1976) 1976 - Robert Forgan, British fascist (b. 1891)
1978 - Walter Keirnan, TV panelist (I've Got a Secret), dies at 75

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