This Day in History for 8th January

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 173

624 - Battle of Badr, Muslim forces defeats Meccan Caravan
794 - Vikings attacked Lindisfarne Island
871 - Battle of Ashdown: Ethelred of Wessex and his brother Alfred (the Great) beat invading Danish army
1198 - Lotario di Segni elected Pope Innocentius III
1214 - Earl Ferrand of Flanders drops ties with France
1297 - Monaco gains its independence.
1558 - French troops under duke de Guise occupy Calais
1598 - Jews are expelled from Genoa, Italy
1656 - Oldest surviving commercial newspaper begins (Haarlem, Netherlands)
1675 - 1st American commercial corporation chartered (NY Fishing Co)
1705 - George F Handel's 1st opera "Almira," premieres in Hamburg
1716 - Dutch gang leader "Sjako" arrested
1734 - Premiere of George Frideric Handel's Ariodante at the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden.
1745 - England, Austria, Neth & Saxon sign anti-Prussian Quadruple Alliance
1746 - Bonnie Prince Charlie's troops occupy Stirling [NS=Jan 19]
1760 - Comet C/1760 A1 (Great comet) approaches within 0.0682 AUs of Earth
1790 - 1st US President George Washington delivers 1st state of the union address
1798 - 11th Amendment ratified, judicial powers construed
1800 - Austrians defeat French in 2nd battle of Novi
First US President George WashingtonFirst US President George Washington 1800 - Wild Boy of Aveyron discovered in southern France
1806 - Cape colony becomes British colony
1806 - Lewis & Clark find skeleton of 105' blue whale in Oregon
1811 - Louisiana slave revolt by Charles Deslondes at German Coast
1815 - Battle of New Orleans (War of 1812); the war had ended on 24th December 1814 but none of the combatants knew
1833 - Boston Academy of Music, 1st US music school, established
1835 - The United States national debt is 0 for the first and only time.
1838 - 1st telegraph message sent using dots & dashes (NJ)
1838 - Rebellion at Amherstburg, Ontario breaks out
1842 - Dutch King Willem II charters Technical College Delft
1848 - Austrian soldiers kill 10 students, Pavia
1853 - 1st US bronze equestrian statue (of Andrew Jackson) unveiled, Washington
1856 - Dr John A Veatch discovers borax, Tuscan Springs, Calif
1857 - Dion Boucicauly's "Poor of NY," premieres in NYC
1863 - American Civil War: Second Battle of Springfield
1867 - Legislation gives suffrage to DC blacks, despite President Johnson's veto
1867 - African American men granted the right to vote in Washington, D.C.
1870 - US mint at Carson City, Nevada begins issuing coins
1877 - Crazy Horse and his warriors fight their last battle with the United States Cavalry at Wolf Mountain (Montana Territory).
1878 - Secret meeting of King Leopold II's agent & Henry Morton Stanley
1884 - Chrome tanning process for leather patented by Augustus Schultz
1889 - Dr Herman Hollerith receives 1st US patent for a mechanical tabulating machine
1894 - Columbus World's fair in Chicago destroyed by fire
1897 - Michael Eagan wins 1st US national amateur handball championship
1901 - New South Wales score 918 all out vs South Australia in 560 minutes
1902 - 1st National Bowling Championship held (Chicago, Ill)
1904 - Pope Pius X banned low cut dresses in the presence of churchmen
1906 - A landslide in Haverstraw, New York, caused by the excavation of clay along the Hudson River, kills 20 people.
1912 - The African National Congress is founded.
1913 - Frank Chance becomes Yankee manager
1916 - World War I: Allied forces withdraw from Gallipoli.
1917 - Austria-Hungarian troops conquer Forlani Italy
1918 - Mississippi becomes 1st state to ratify 18th amendment (prohibition)
1918 - Pres Wilson outlines his 14 points for peace after the Great War
1923 - Typography strike in Amsterdam
1925 - 1st all-female US state supreme court appointed, Texas
1926 - Abdul-Aziz ibn Sa'ud becomes king of Hejaz; renames it Saudi Arabia
1929 - 1st telephone connection between Netherlands & West-Indies
1929 - CBS radio network buys WABC in NYC
1931 - Phila Quakers set then NHL record of 15 straight loses
1932 - Ratification of present SF City Charter
1934 - Jaap Speyers "Bluejackets" premieres in Amsterdam
1935 - Spectrophotometer patented, AC Hardy
1937 - -50°F (-45.6°C), San Jacinto, Nevada (state record)
1938 - Bradman scores 107 for South Australia v Qld (1st innings)
1940 - Britain's 1st WW II rationing (bacon, butter & sugar)
1940 - World War II: Britain introduces food rationing.
1942 - British Air Marshal Richard Peirse replaced as Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief Bomber Command
1945 - "Youth for Christ" organizes
Military Leader George MarshallMilitary Leader George Marshall 1947 - Gen George Marshall becomes US Secretary of State
1947 - Toronto Maple Leaf rookie Howie Meeker scores 5 goals in a game
1948 - Queen Wilhelmina signs death sentence against Ans van Dijk for treason
1949 - "Make Mine Manhattan" closes at Broadhurst Theater NYC after 429 perfs
1949 - "My Romance" closes at Shubert Theater NYC after 95 performances
1949 - "Small Wonder" closes at Coronet Theater NYC after 134 performances
1951 - Thought extinct since 1615, a Cahow is rediscovered in Bermuda
1952 - Jordan adopts constitution
1953 - Indians bar night games with Browns (who refuse to share TV receipts)
1953 - René Mayer forms French government
1954 - Elvis Presley pays $4 to a Memphis studio & records his 1st two songs, "Casual Love" & "I'll Never Stand in Your Way"
1955 - Furman sets NCAA basketball single-game scoring record with 154 pt
1955 - Georgia Tech ends Kentucky's 130-game home basketball win streak
1955 - Louise Sugg wins LPGA LA Golf Open
1955 - WUNC TV channel 4 in Chapel Hill, NC (PBS) begins broadcasting
Singer & Cultural Icon Elvis PresleySinger & Cultural Icon Elvis Presley 1956 - Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Conrad Aiken
1956 - Elvis Presley's "Don't Be Cruel/Hound Dog," single goes to #1 & stays #1 for a record 11 weeks (for a single)
1956 - Operation Auca: Five U.S. missionaries are killed by the Huaorani of Ecuador shortly after making contact with them.
1958 - Cuban revolutionary forces capture Havana
1959 - Charles de Gaulle inaugurated as pres of France's 5th Republic
1961 - Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Yvor Winters
1962 - Dutch express train crashes into slow commuter train, 93 die (Neth)
1962 - Golfer Jack Nicklaus, 21, 1st pro appearance, he came in 50th
1963 - "Mona Lisa," on loan, unveiled in America's National Gallery of Art
1963 - Dmitri Shostakovitch' Katharina Ismailova, premieres in Riga
1964 - President Lyndon B Johnson declares "War on Poverty"
1965 - Senator Everett Dirksen introduces a bill to make marigold the American natonal flower (doesn't pass)
1965 - Star of India returned to American Museum of Natural History
1966 - Beatles' "Rubber Soul," album goes #1 & stays #1 for 6 weeks
1966 - Beatles' "We Can Work It Out," single goes #1 & stays #1 for 3 weeks
French President Georges PompidouFrench President Georges Pompidou 1966 - Georges Pompidou appointed French premier
1966 - Who & the Kinks perform on the last "Shindig" TV show on ABC

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 271

1081 - Henry V, Roman German king/emperor (1098/1111-25)
1556 - Uesugi Kagekatsu, Japanese samurai and warlord (d. 1623)
1583 - Simon Episcopius, Dutch bishop/theologist
1587 - Johannes Fabricius, Denmark, astronomer (discovered sunspots)
1589 - Ivan [Dzivo F] Gundulic, Dalmatisch writer (Dubravka)
1601 - Baltasar Gracián y Morales, Spanish writer (d. 1658)
1628 - Francois de Montmorency-Bouteville, duc de Luxemburg, French soldier
1632 - Samuel, Freiherr von Pufendorf, German jurist
1635 - Luis Manuel Fernández de Portocarrero, Spanish Archbishop (d. 1709)
1658 - Nicolas Coustou, French sculptor (Descente de Croix)
1668 - Jean Gilles, composer
1735 - John Carroll, American Roman Catholic archbishop (d. 1815)
1763 - Edmond Charles Genêt, French diplomat (d. 1834)
1767 - Abraham de Veer, Dutch governor-general of Suriname (1822-28)
1777 - Filippo Traetta, Italy, composer/musicologist
1779 - John White, composer
1786 - Nicholas Biddle, made 2nd bank of US 1st effective central bank
1787 - Johann Ludwig Bohner, composer
1788 - Erik Drake, composer
1788 - Archduke Rudolph of Austria (d. 1831)
1788 - Pavel Kiselyov, Russian general and politician (d. 1874)
1791 - Jacob Collamer, (Sen-Vt)
1792 - Lowell Mason, Medfield Mass, organist/composer (Zebulo)
1805 - John Bigler, American politician (d. 1871)
1805 - Orson Hyde, American religious leader (d. 1878)
1812 - Sigismond Fortune Francois Thalberg, composer
1812 - William Henry Holmes, composer
1814 - Johannes Kneppelhout, [Klikspaan], Dutch humorist
1814 - Thomas Green, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1864
1815 - George Webb Morell, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1883
1815 - Lawrence Pike Graham, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1905
1817 - John Selden Roane, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1867
1817 - Sir Theophilus Shepstone, South African statesman (d. 1893)
Confederate General James LongstreetConfederate General James Longstreet (1821) 1821 - James Longstreet, Confederate general (1st Corps, ANV)
1822 - Alfredo Carlo Piatti, composer
1823 - Alfred Russel Wallace, British zoologist/co-discoverer (evolution)
1824 - Per August Olander, composer
1824 - William Wilkie Collins, English novelist (Woman in White)
1824 - Francisco González Bocanegra, Mexican poet (d. 1861)
1830 - Gouverneur Kemble Warren, Major Gen (Union volunteers), died in 1882
1830 - Hans von Bülow, German pianist and composer (d. 1894)
1836 - Fannie M Jackson, pioneer & educator, 1st US Black woman college grad
1836 - Lawrence Alma Tadema, Dutch/British painter/husband of Laura Epps
1843 - Frederick Abberline, British police investigator (d. 1929)
1843 - John H. Moffitt, American politician (d. 1926)
1846 - Albert Cahen, composer
1846 - William Wallace Gilchrist, composer
1852 - James Milton Carroll, American pastor and author (d. 1931)
1860 - Nancy Jones, US black missionary in Africa
1862 - Frank Nelson Doubleday, publisher/founder (Doubleday & Co)
1864 - Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence and Avondale (d. 1892)
1866 - William G. Conley, American politician (d. 1940)
1867 - Emily Green Balch, US, sociologist/feminist/pacifist (Nobel 1946)
1868 - Frank Dyson, proved Einstein right about light bent by gravity
1870 - Miguel Primo de Rivera Orbaneja, dictator of Spain (1923-30)
1871 - James Craig, 1st Viscount Craigavon, Irish politician (d. 1940)
1873 - Lucien Capet, composer
1873 - Iuliu Maniu, Romanian politician (d. 1953)
1873 - Elena of Montenegro, queen of Italy (d. 1956)
1881 - Henrik Shipstead, American politician (d. 1960)
1883 - Josue Teofilo Wilkes, composer
1883 - Pavel Filonov, Russian painter (d. 1941)
1883 - Patrick J. Hurley, United States Secretary of War (d. 1963)
1885 - John Curtin, Victoria, Australian PM (Labor, 1941-45)
1885 - A. J. Muste, Dutch pacifist and activist (d. 1967)
1886 - Noble Drew Ali, [Timothy Drew], NC, prophet (Moorish Science Temple)
1888 - Matt Moore, County Meath Ireland, actor (Coquette, Deluge)
1888 - Richard Courant, German-American mathematician (d. 1972)
1888 - Matthew Moore, Irish-American actor (d. 1960)
1889 - Paul Hartmann, Furth Germany, actor (Haunted Castle)
1890 - Sandor Rado, Hungarian/US psycho analyst
1891 - Bronislava Nijinska, ballet choreographer
1891 - Walter Bothe, Germany, subatomic particle physicist (Nobel 1954)
1891 - Storm Jameson, English writer (d. 1986)
1892 - Werner Wehrli, composer
1894 - St Maximilian Kolbe, Polish martyr (d. 1941)
1896 - Jaromir Weinberger, Prague Czechoslovakia, composer (Bird's Opera)
1896 - Manuel Rojas Sepulveda, Chile, writer (Men of the South)
1896 - Arthur Ford, American psychic (d. 1971)
1897 - Dennis Wheatley, British author (d. 1977)
1899 - Solomon WRD Bandaranaike, premier of Ceylon (1956-59)
1900 - Queen Marie, of Yugoslavia
1901 - Edmond Vandercammen, French/Belgian writer (L'amour responsable)
1902 - Alexander Gray, Wrightsville Pa, actor (This is Music)
1902 - Carl R[ansom] Rogers, US, psychologist (Client-Centered Therapy)
1902 - Georgy M Malenkov, Stalin's successor as head of CPSU, PM (1953-55)
1902 - Gret Palucca, German dancer/choreography (Silent Song)
1903 - Gene Roth, [Eugene Stutenroth], SD, actor (She Demons, Spider)
1904 - Peter Arno, NYC, cartoonist (New Yorker)
1904 - Karl Brandt, Alsacian Nazi war criminal (d. 1948)
1905 - Carl Gustav Hempel, German Logical Positivist philosopher
1905 - Giacinto Scelsi, composer
1906 - Jan A H J S Bruins Slot, Dutch founder illegal Trouw/MP (ARP)
1906 - Serge Poliakoff, Russian/French painter/guitarist
1908 - (Fearless) Mary Nadia Wadia, actress
1908 - William Hartnell, London England, actor (Agitator, Jackpot)
1909 - Bruce Mitchell, cricketer (South African bat, their top run-scorer (3471))
1909 - Willy Millowitsch, German actor (d. 1999)
1909 - Evelyn Wood, American educator (d. 1995)
1910 - Richard Cromwell, [LeRoy Melvin Radabaugh], Los Angeles California, actor (Jezebel)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 4 of 4

1930 - Belgium Princess Marie-Jose marries Italian's crown prince Umberto
1951 - Actor Burgess Meredith (43) weds ballerina Kaja Sundsten
1973 - Actor Michael Caine (40) weds model Shakira Baksh (25) at Candlelight Wedding Chapel in Las Vegas, Nevada
2005 - Rapper and actor Nas (32) weds R&B singer Kelis (25) at Morningside Baptist Church in Atlanta, Georgia

Famous Divorces

Divorces 1 - 2 of 2

1499 - Louis XII of France after papal divorce marries Anne, Duchess of Brittany to keep duchy for the crown
1998 - Roseanne files for divorce from 3rd husband Ben Thomas

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 172

482 - Severinus, German monastery founder/saint, dies
624 - Abu Sufjan becomes Quraish chief and leader of Mecca after loss at Battle of Badr against Muslim forces
1100 - Antipope Clement III (bc. 1029)
1107 - Edgar of Scotland (b. 1074)
1198 - Pope Celestine III [Giacinto Bobo], Reigned 1191-98, dies. (bc. 1106)
1324 - Marco Polo, Venetian explorer, dies at 69
1336 - Giotto di Bondone, Italian Renaissance painter, dies at about 71
1455 - Laurentius Justitianus, [Lorenzo Giustiniani], saint, dies at 73
1456 - St Lawrence Justinian, Italian bishop and first Patriarch of Venice (b. 1381)
1464 - Thomas Ebendorfer, Austrian historian (b. 1385)
1557 - Albert the Warlike, Prince of Bayreuth (b. 1522)
1567 - Jacob Vaet, Flemish composer/royal chaplain master, dies at about 37
1570 - Philibert de l'Orme, French architect (bc. 1510)
1598 - Johan Georg, elector of Brandenburg (1571-91), dies at 72
1642 - Galileo Galilei, Italian physicist/astronomer, dies at 77 in Italy
1651 - Giovanni Battista Gagliano, composer, dies at 56
1696 - Michael de Ronghe, composer, dies at 75
1707 - John Dalrymple, 1st Earl of Stair, Scottish politician (b. 1648)
1711 - Philips van Almonde, Zealand lt admiral, dies at 66
Astronomer & Physicist Galileo GalileiAstronomer & Physicist Galileo Galilei (1642) 1713 - Arcangelo Corelli, composer/violinist (Concerti Grossi), dies at 59
1775 - John Baskerville, English printer/type designer, dies at 68
1789 - Jack Broughton, English boxer (bc. 1703)
1790 - John Stinstra, Dutch baptist vicar, dies at 81
1794 - Justus Möser, German statesman (b. 1720)
1796 - Jean-Marie Collot d'Herbois, Fren Nat Convention chairman, dies at 46
1808 - Messenger, horse that sired many great trotters, dies
1811 - Friedrich Nicolai, writer, dies
1811 - Samuel Story, Dutch rear admiral (Battle of Kamperduin), dies at 58
1815 - Edward Pakenham, Engl general (Battle of New Orleans), dies in battle
1819 - Christian Gottlob Saupe, composer, dies at 55
1825 - Eli Whitney, American inventor (b. 1765)
1831 - Franz Vinzenz Krommer, composer, dies at 71
1842 - Viscount Pierre Cambronne, French General during the wars of the Revolution and the Napoleonic Era, dies at 71
1854 - William Carr Beresford, 1st Viscount Beresford, British general and politician (b. 1768)
1858 - Friedrich Karl Kuhmstedt, composer, dies at 48
1859 - Antoine GB Schayes, Belgian historian/archaeologist, dies at 50
1864 - Victor-Charles-Paul Dourlen, composer, dies at 83
1865 - Aimé, duc de Clermont-Tonnerre, French general (b. 1779)
1874 - Charles Etienne Brasseur de Bourbourg, French writer and historian (b. 1814)
1880 - [Joshua] Norton I, Emperor of US/Protector of Mexico, dies at 60
1891 - Fredrik Pacius, composer, dies at 81
1892 - John Heykamp, old-catholic archbishop of Utrecht, dies at 67
1894 - Pierre-Joseph van Beneden, paleont (life of tapeworms), dies at 84
1896 - William Rainey Marshall, Governor of Minnesota (b. 1825)
1896 - Paul Verlaine, French poet (b. 1844)
1900 - Billy Bates, cricketer (656 runs & 50 wkts in 15 Tests for Eng), dies
1901 - John Barry, Irish recipient of the Victoria Cross (b. 1873)
1907 - Theodoor Verstraete, Flemish painter/etcher, dies at 57
1916 - Ada Rehan, Irish-born American actress (b. 1860)
1916 - Rembrandt Bugatti, Italian sculptor (b. 1884)
1918 - Michael Hertz, composer, dies at 73
1918 - Ellis H. Roberts, American politician (b. 1827)
1919 - Peter Altenberg, writer, dies at 59
1921 - Luis Villalba Munoz, composer, dies at 48
1922 - Charles R Young, colonel, dies at 58, in Lagos Nigeria
1926 - Emile Paladilhe, composer, dies at 81
1928 - Dumitru Kiriac-Georgescu, composer, dies at 61
1932 - Eurosia Fabris, Italian Catholic (b. 1866)
1934 - Alexandre Stavisky, French swindler, dies
1934 - Andrei Bely, Russian writer (b. 1880)
1937 - John Felix August Korling, composer, dies at 72
1938 - Johnny Gruelle, Creator of Raggedy Ann and Andy (b. 1880)
1941 - Robert Baden-Powell, founder (Boy Scout movement), dies at 83
1942 - Arvo Hannikainen, composer, dies at 44
1942 - Joseph Franklin Rutherford, American religious publisher (b. 1869)
1943 - Richard Hillary, Australian Spitfire pilot and author (b. 1919)
1944 - William Kissam Vanderbilt II, member of the Vanderbilt family (b. 1878)
1945 - Jac[obus] P Thijsse, Dutch biologist (Omgang met planten), dies at 79
1945 - Karl Krafft, Swiss astrologer who was manipulated by the Nazi regime (b. 1900)
Occultist and Author Dion FortuneOccultist and Author Dion Fortune (1946) 1946 - Dion Fortune, British occultist and author dies at 55
1948 - Kurt Schwitters, writer, dies at 60
1948 - Richard Tauber, Austrian tenor (b. 1891)
1950 - George Rowe, cricketer (15 wckts in 4 Tests for S Af 1895-1902), dies
1950 - Joseph A Schumpeter, Aus/US economist/Minister of Finance, dies at 66
1950 - Joseph Issac Shneerson, Jewish Lubavitch Chabal leader, dies
1952 - Antonia Maury, discoverer (supergiant, giant & dwarf stars), dies
1952 - Joseph Arendt, Belgian worker's union leader, dies at 66
1953 - Heinrich Kaspar Schmid, composer, dies at 78
1953 - Admiral Sir Hugh Binney, British naval commander and Governor of Tasmania (b. 1883)
1956 - Jim Elliot, American Christian missionary (b. 1928)
1958 - Paul Pilgrim, American athlete (b. 1883)
1963 - Stark Young, US writer (So Red the Rose), dies at 81
1963 - Kay Sage, American artist and poet commits suicide aged 64
1964 - Arnoldus JC Krafft, theologist (Atlas of Neth Antilles), dies at 71
1964 - Julius Raab, Austrian Chancellor (1953-61), dies at 72
1965 - Aloys-Henri-Gerard Fornerod, composer, dies at 74
1967 - Zbigniew Cybulski, Polish actor (See You Tommorrow), dies at 39
1969 - Albert Hill, British athlete (b. 1889)
1970 - Georges Guibourg, French performer (b. 1891)
1971 - Adriano Lualdi, composer, dies at 85
Poet/Novelist Kenneth PatchenPoet/Novelist Kenneth Patchen (1972) 1972 - Kenneth Patchen, US writer (See You in the Morning), dies at 60
1975 - Anthony Warde, actor (Big Punch, Buck Rogers), dies at 66
1975 - Gertrude Olmsted, actress (Cobra, Torrent), dies at 70
1975 - John Dierkes, actor (Red Badge of Courage), dies at 69
1975 - John Gregson, actor (Rooney, Assassin), dies at 55
1975 - Louis J H C A de Bourbon, Dutch writer/poet (Gypsy Blood), dies at 66
1975 - Richard Tucker, [Reuben Ticker], US tenor (La Gioconda), dies at 61
1976 - Chou En-lai, China's PM (1949-76), dies of cancer in Beijing at 78
1976 - Zhou Enlai, Premier of the People's Republic of China (b. 1898)
1976 - Robert Forgan, British fascist (b. 1891)

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