This Day in History for 13th July

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 159

574 - John III ends his reign as Catholic Pope
1174 - William I of Scotland, key rebel in Revolt of 1173-1174, captured at Alnwick by forces loyal to Henry II of England.
1522 - Hunger appeal by women of Utrecht
1558 - Battle of Gravelines: In France, Spanish forces led by Count Lamoral of Egmont defeat the French forces of Marshal Paul des Thermes at Gravelines.
1568 - Dean of St Paul's Cathedral perfects a way to bottle beer
1573 - Haarlem surrenders after 7 months to Spanish army
1643 - Battle at Roundway Down: Royalists beat parliamentary armies
1645 - Aleksei Romanov succeeds his father Michael as czar of Russia
1657 - Oliver Cromwell constrains English army leader John Lambert
1668 - Van Marco Cesti's opera "Il Pomo d'Oro" (the Golden Apple or Tomato) premieres in Vienna
English Military and Political Leader Oliver CromwellEnglish Military and Political Leader Oliver Cromwell 1700 - Russian-Turkish peace
1772 - Capt James Cook begins 2nd trip (Resolution) to South Seas
1787 - Congress establishes Northwest Territory (excludes slavery)
1787 - Ord of 1787-a territory can become 3 to 5 states at 60,000 pop
1794 - Battle of the Vosges between French forces and those of Prussia and Austria
1832 - Source of Mississippi River discovered (Henry R Schoolcraft)
1836 - US patent #1 (after 9,957 unnumbered patents), for locomotive wheels
1837 - Queen Victoria is 1st monarch to live in present Buckingham Palace
Captain/Explorer James CookCaptain/Explorer James Cook 1851 - John F Loudon discovers tin on East Indian Island of Billiton
1854 - US forces shell & burn San Juan del Norte, Nicaragua
1854 - In the Battle of Guaymas, Mexico, General Jose Maria Yanez stops the French invasion led by Count Gaston de Raousset Boulbon.
1861 - Battle of Corrick's Ford, VA (Carrick's Ford) - Union army takes total control of western Virginia CS20 US53
1862 - Battle of Murfreesboro, TN (Forrest's Raid) US895 CS150
1863 - Anti-draft mobs lynch blacks in NYC; about 1,000 die
1863 - Battle of Bayou La Fourche, LA
1863 - Battle of Tupelo, MS (Harrisburg) [->JUL 15] US648 CS700
1863 - Rebellion at Morgan's, Ohio [->JUL 26]
1864 - Early retreats from Washington City back to Shenandoah Valley
1865 - Horace Greeley advises his readers to "Go west young man"
1865 - P T Barnum's museum burns down
1868 - Oscar J Dunn, former slave, installed as lt governor of Louisiana
German Statesman Otto Von BismarckGerman Statesman Otto Von Bismarck 1870 - King Wilhelm of Prussia sends "Emser Depeche" on Bismarck
1876 - 29th US Postmaster General: James N Tyner of Ind takes office
1878 - Congress of Berlin discussing division of African colonies ends
1878 - Treaty of Berlin amended terms of Treaty of San Stefano
1881 - 5th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: William Renshaw beats J Hartley (6-0 6-1 6-1)
1882 - 200 die as train derails near Tcherny, Russia
1889 - 6th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Blanche Hillyard beats Lena Rice (4-6 8-6 6-4)
1889 - 13th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: William Renshaw beats E Renshaw (6-4 6-1 3-6 6-0)
1896 - Ed Delahanty, becomes 2nd major leaguer to hit 4 HRs in a game
1898 - SF Ferry Building at foot of Market St opens
1900 - Phillies beat Pittsburgh 23-8
1917 - Vision of Virgin Mary appeared to children of Fatima, Portugal
1919 - Race riots in Longview & Gregg counties Texas
1919 - Chicago White Sox pitcher Carl Mays walks off mound blaming teammates for lack of support afield
1923 - Draft law passes
1923 - The Hollywood Sign is officially dedicated in the hills above Hollywood, Los Angeles. It originally reads "Hollywoodland " but the four last letters are dropped after renovation in 1949.
1924 - Albin Stenroos wins Olympic marathon (2:41:22.6)
1925 - French occupation force begins evacuating country
1926 - Paavo Nurmi runs world record 3000m (8:20.4)
1930 - 1st-ever soccer World Cup competition began in Uruguay
1930 - Sarnoff reports in NY Times "TV would be a theater in every home"
Baseball Great Babe RuthBaseball Great Babe Ruth 1934 - Babe Ruth hits HR #700 (against Detroit)
1935 - Richard Strauss resigns as chairman of Reichskulturkammer
1935 - US-Russian commerce treaty takes effect
1936 - 112°F (44°C), Mio, Michigan (state record)
1936 - 114°F (46°C), Wisconsin Dells, Wisc (state record)
1938 - Kroller-Muller museum opens in Holland
1939 - Frank Sinatra makes his recording debut
1941 - 24th PGA Championship: Vic Ghezzi at Cherry Hills CC Denver
1941 - Eddie Mayo (LA-Pacific Coast League), spits in face of ump Ray Snyder
1941 - World War II: Montenegrins start popular uprising against the Axis Powers (Trinaestojulski ustanak).
Singer/Actor Frank SinatraSinger/Actor Frank Sinatra 1942 - 5,000 Jews of Rovno Polish Ukraine, executed by nazis
1942 - German occupiers imprison 800 prominent Dutch as hostages
1942 - SS shoots 1,500 Jews in Josefov Poland
1943 - 11th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 5-3 at Shibe Park, Philadelphia
1943 - Greatest tank battle in history ends with Russia's defeat of Germany at Kursk, almost 6,000 tanks take part, 2,900 were lost by Germany
1944 - Vilnius, Lithuania, liberated
1946 - "Tidbits of 1946" closes at Plymouth Theater NYC after 8 performances
1948 - 15th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 5-2 at Sportsman's Park, St Louis
1949 - Pope Pius XII excommunicates communist catholics
Baseball Player Ted WilliamsBaseball Player Ted Williams 1950 - Doctors remove 7 bone fragments from Ted Williams' elbow
1950 - René Pleven forms French government
1954 - 21st All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 11-9 at Municipal Stadium, Cleve
1954 - Dean Stone gets credit for AL win, although he didn't retire a batter, he threw out Shoendienst trying to steal home, AL-11 NL-9
1955 - The last execution of a woman in Britain, Ruth Ellis, takes place at Holloway Prison, London.
1956 - WCBI TV channel 4 in Columbus, MS (CBS) begins broadcasting
1958 - 13th US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Mickey Wright
1958 - 87th British Golf Open: Peter Thomson shoots a 278 at Royal Lytham
1958 - Patty Berg wins LPGA American Women's Golf Open
1960 - 29th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 6-0 at Yankee Stadium, New York
1960 - KDBQ-AM in San Francisco CA changes call letters to KYA
35th US President John F. Kennedy35th US President John F. Kennedy 1960 - US Democratic convention nominates JFK as presidential candidate
1962 - 500 Indonesian parachutist land on New-Guinea
1962 - 91st British Golf Open: Arnold Palmer shoots a 276 at Royal Troon
1962 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1963 - Early Wynn, wins his 300th & last game at 43
1963 - The government of India announces that it will cut its last remaining link with South Africa by refusing landing and passage facilities to South African aircraft; India was one of the first states in the struggle against apartheid
1965 - 36th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 6-5 at Metropolitan Stadium, Minn
1965 - All star MVP: Juan Marichal (SF Giant)
Golfer Arnold PalmerGolfer Arnold Palmer 1966 - Richard Speck murders 8 nurses in Chicago
1967 - Race riots break out in Newark, 27 die
1968 - 97th British Golf Open: Gary Player shoots 289 at Carnoustie Scotland
1968 - French government-Couve de Murville forms
1969 - Russia launches unmanned Luna 15 to Moon
1969 - Sandra Haynie wins LPGA Ladies' Supertest Golf Open
1970 - Building begins of Amsterdam metro
1971 - 42nd All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 6-4 at Tiger Stadium, Detroit
1971 - All star MVP: Frank Robinson (Baltimore Orioles)
1972 - LA Rams (Irsay) & Baltimore Colts (Rosenbloom) swap owners

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 190

Roman Military Commander and Political Statesman Julius CaesarRoman Military Commander and Political Statesman Julius Caesar (100 BC) 100 BC - Julius Caesar, Rome, Roman military and political leader, (d. 44 BC), (or July 12)
1396 - Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy
1527 - John Dee, London, alchemist/astrologer/mathematician (d. 1609)
1579 - Arthur Dee, English physician (d. 1651)
1590 - Clement X, [Emilio Altieri], Italy, Pope (1670-76)
1607 - Václav Hollar, Bohemian-born artist (d. 1677)
1608 - Ferdinand III, King of Hungary/Bohemia/German Emperor (1637-57)
1745 - Robert Calder, British naval officer (d. 1818)
1770 - Alexander Balashov, Russian general (d. 1837)
1773 - Wilhelm H Wackenroder, German writer (Fantasies about Art)
1776 - Caroline of Baden, queen of Bavaria (d. 1841)
1793 - John Clare, Northamptonshire peasant poet (Shepard's Calendar)
1798 - Alexandra Feodorovna (Charlotte of Prussia), Tsarina of Russia (d. 1860)
1815 - James Alexander Seddon, Secy War (Confederacy), died in 1880
1816 - Gustav Freytag, writer
Confederate General/KKK Grand Wizard Nathan Bedford ForrestConfederate General/KKK Grand Wizard Nathan Bedford Forrest (1821) 1821 - Nathan Bedford Forrest, Chapel Hill Tennessee, slave trader/Confed lt-gen/KKK Grand Wizard, (d. 1877)
1826 - Stanislao Cannizzaro, Italian chemist (Reaction of Cannizzaro)
1841 - Otto Wagner, Austrian architect (d. 1918)
1858 - Stewart Culin, American ethnographer (d. 1929)
1859 - Sydney Webb, England, writer/husband of Beatrice Potter
1863 - Emma Mary Wooley, educator (Mary Anna Wells)
1864 - John Jacob Astor IV, American entrepreneur (d. 1912)
1872 - Alfons van de Perre, Flemish physician/MP
1877 - Karl Erb, German tenor
1883 - [Louis C] Marcel Berckmans, painter/actor (Potasch & Perlemoer)
1884 - Francis B Young, British physician/writer (White Ladies)
1884 - John Francis Larchet, composer
1888 - Fernando A N de Seabra Pessoa, Portuguese poet (Mensagem)
1888 - Jean Murat, Pergneux France, actor (Eternal Rain, Carnival Flanders)
1889 - Louise of Mountbatten, Queen of Sweden (d. 1965)
1891 - Franco Casavola, composer
1894 - Isaak Babel, Rus short-story writer/dramatist (Red Calvary) [or 6/13]
1895 - Sidney Blackmer, Salisbury NC, actor (Ted Roosevelt in 12 movies)
1896 - Mordecai Ardon, Israeli painter (d. 1992)
1898 - Martin David, German/Neth law historian
1898 - Julius Schreck, member of the Nazi party (d. 1936)
1900 - JH Scheps, Dutch 2nd-Member of parliament (social democratic)
1900 - George Lewis, American musician (d. 1969)
1901 - Mickey "Toy Bulldog" Walker, welterweight boxing champ (1922-26)
1901 - Tillie Ehrlich Lewin, leading industrialist (tomato queen)
1901 - Eric Portman, Yorkshire England, actor (Naked Edge, Canterbury Tale), (d. 1969)
1903 - Kenneth Clark, English art historian (d. 1983)
1905 - Alfredo M. Santos, First Four-star General of the Armed Forces of the Philippines, World War II hero (d. 1990)
1906 - Harry Sosnik, Chicago, orchestra leader (Jack Carter Show, Your Hit Parade)
1909 - David Branson, composer
1909 - Paul Constantinescu, composer
1909 - Washington Castro, composer
1913 - Carolina Gisolf, Holland, high jumper (Olympic-silver-1928)
1913 - Dave Garroway, Schnectady NY, TV host (Today Show)
1913 - Ladislav Holoubek, composer
1913 - Walter Landor, designer
1913 - Mærsk Mc-Kinney Møller, Hellerup Denmark, Danish shipping magnate, (d. 2012)
1920 - Hans Blumenberg, philosopher
1920 - Bill Towers, English footballer (d. 2000)
1921 - Charles Scribner Jr, music publisher (Scribner)
1921 - Ernest Gold, composer
1921 - Git Gay, Swedish actress and singer (d. 2007)
1921 - Friedrich Peter, Austrian poltitician (d. 2005)
1922 - Anchor Jorgenson, premier of Denmark (1972-82)
1922 - Lois Kibbee, actress (Edge of Night)
1922 - Ken Mosdell, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2006)
1923 - Sudie Bond, Louisville Ky, actress (Flo, Temperature Rising)
1924 - George Handy, horse trainer
1924 - Carlo Bergonzi, Italian singer
1925 - Hilary Grover Barratt Brown, conservationist
1926 - Meyer Kupferman, NYC, composer (In Fimi Tres)
1927 - Karl I Pelgrom, Dutch sculptor
1927 - Simone Veil, Pres European parliament (France)
1928 - Bob Crane, Waterbury Ct, actor (Col Hogan-Hogan's Heroes, Donna Reed)
1928 - Donal Michalsky, composer
1928 - Tommaso Buscetta, Sicilian mafioso and pentito (d. 2000)
1928 - Leroy Vinnegar, American jazz bassist
1929 - Red Terrill Jr, horse trainer
1931 - Bill Moor, Toledo Oh, actor (Hanky Panky)
1932 - Per Norgard, composer
1932 - Hubert Reeves, Canadian astrophysicist
1932 - Antonio Roma, Buenos Aires, Argentina, football goalkeeper (42 caps), (d. 2013)
1933 - David M Storey, British rugby player/playwright (Home)
1933 - Patsy Byrne, Ashford England, actress (Stealing Heaven)
1934 - Aleksei Stanislavovich Yeliseyev, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 5, 8, 10)
1934 - Ivor Mendonca, WI cricket wicket-keeper (2 Tests 1962)
1934 - Roger Reynolds, composer
1934 - Wole Soyinka, Nigeria, dramatist (Road, Kongi's Harvest-Nobel 1986)
1935 - Jack F Kemp, (Rep-R-NY)/right-wing/US Secretary of Housing (1989-93)
1936 - Albert Ayler, American musician (d. 1970)
1937 - Charles Coody, Stamford TX, PGA golfer (1971 Masters)
1940 - Patrick Stewart, England, actor (Picard-Star Trek Next Generation)
1940 - Paul Prudhomme, cajun chef (K-Paul)
1941 - Graeme Corling, Australian cricket fast bowler (1964 England tour)
1941 - Jacques Perrin, Paris France, actress (Cinema Paradiso, 317th Platoon)
1941 - Lut[guard] Tomsin, actress/director (Knock on the Door)
1941 - Robert Forster, Rochester NY, actor (Lady in Red, Alligator)
1942 - Giancarlo Giannini, Spezia Italy, actor (NY Stories, Sensual Man)
Actor Harrison FordActor Harrison Ford (1942) 1942 - Harrison Ford, Chicago Illinois, actor (Star Wars, Indiana Jones, Frantic)
1942 - Jay Uzzell, rocker (Corsairs)
1942 - Jim McGuinn, rocker
1942 - Rod Chandler, (Rep-R-WA, 1983- )
1942 - Roger McGuinn, guitarist (Byrds-Turn Turn Turn, Mr Tambourine Man)
1942 - Stephen Jo Bladd, Boston Ma, rocker (J Geils Band-Centerfold)
1943 - Danny Lockin, Lanai, Hawaii, actor/dancer (Hello Dolly), (d. 1977)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 4 of 4

Writer D. H. LawrenceWriter D. H. Lawrence (1914) 1914 - British poet and novelist D. H. Lawrence (28) weds Frieda Weekley (34) after obtaining Frieda's divorce from her 1st husband
1925 - Film producer and co-founder of Walt Disney Productions Walt Disney (23) weds Lillian Bounds (26) at Lewiston's Episcopal Church of the Nativity in Lewiston, Idaho
1949 - Oscar-winning actress Jennifer Jones (30) weds "Rebecca" film producer David O. Selznick (47) in Beverly Hills, California
2008 - American Pie actor Jason Biggs (30) weds actress Jenny Mollen (28) at Honig Winery and Vineyard in Napa, California

Famous Divorces

Divorces 1 - 1 of 1

Comedian/Writer Larry DavidComedian/Writer Larry David (2007) 2007 - Environmental activist Laurie Lennard (49) divorces writer Larry David (60) due to irreconcilable differences after 14 years of marriage

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 107

574 - John III, Italian Pope (561-74), dies
939 - Leo VII, Italian Pope (936-39), dies
1024 - Henry II, the Monk, German King (1002-24), dies
1105 - Rashi, [Rabbi Shlomo Yitzaki], Jewish intellectual, dies
1205 - Hubert Walter, Archbishop of Canterbury and Justicier of England
1309 - Jan I van Nassau, bishop of Utrecht, dies
1357 - Bartolus de Saxoferrato Italian jurist (b. 1313)
1380 - Bertrand du Guesclin, French King of Granada, dies at about 60
1399 - Peter Parler, German architect (b. 1330)
1402 - Jianwen Emperor of China (b. 1377)
1551 - John Wallop, English soldier and diplomat (b. 1490)
1621 - Albrecht/Albertus, archduke of Austria, dies at 61
1626 - Robert Sidney, 1st Earl of Leicester, English statesman (b. 1563)
1628 - Robert Shirley, English adventurer (b. 1581)
1629 - Caspar Bartholin the Elder, Swedish physician and theologian (b. 1585)
1683 - Arthur Capell, 1st Earl of Essex, English statesman (b. 1631)
1693 - Hendrik Trajectinus, Count of Solms, Dutch lieutenant-general (b. 1636)
1705 - Titus Oates, English Protestant conspirator (b. 1649)
1755 - Edward Braddock, British general, dies in battle at Pittsburgh
1760 - Conrad Weiser, Pennsylvania's ambassador to the Native Americans (b. 1696)
1761 - Tokugawa Ieshige, Japanese shogun (b. 1712)
1762 - James Bradley, 3rd Astronomer Royal, dies
1777 - Guillaume Coustou Jr, French sculptor (Apollo/Mars/Venus), dies at 61
1785 - Stephen Hopkins, US judge/signer (Decl of Independence), dies at 78
1789 - Victor de Riqueti, marquis de Mirabeau, French economist (b. 1715)
1793 - Jean Paul Marat, French revolutionary, murdered by Charlotte Corday
1807 - Henry Benedict Stuart, Jacobite claimant to the throne of England (b. 1725)
1813 - Johann Friedrich Peter, composer, dies at 67
1844 - Johann Gansbacher, composer, dies at 66
1860 - John Ackersdijk, Dutch state house builder, dies at 69
1861 - Robert Selden Garnett, US Confederate brig-general, dies at 41
1863 - John S Bowen, US architect/Confederate gen-major, dies at 32
1877 - Wilhelm E Freiherr von Ketteler, German bishop of Mainz, dies at 65
1882 - Johnny Ringo, American Gunfighter (b. 1850)
1889 - Carli Zoeller, composer, dies at 49
1889 - Robert Hamerling, Austrian poet (b. 1830)
1890 - John C. Frémont, American army officer, explorer and presidential candidate (b. 1813)
1894 - Juventino Rosas, composer, dies at 26
1896 - Friedrich August Kekulé von Stradonitz, German chemist (b. 1829)
1903 - August Reissmann, composer, dies at 77
1922 - Martin Dies, American politician (b. 1870)
1923 - Asger Hamerik [Hammerich], German(?) composer, dies at 80
1925 - Gerben Postma [Ids], Fries writer (Lytse Fryske Spraekleare), dies
1927 - James E K Aggrey, Ghana/US theologist, dies
1936 - Izydor Lotto, composer, dies at 91
1936 - Jose Calvo Sotelo, Spanish minister of Finance, murdered at 43
1943 - Kurt Huber, German philosopher/resistance fighter, dies at 50
1946 - Alfred Stieglitz, US photographer/art dealer (Camera Work), dies at 82
1947 - Warwick Armstrong, cricketer (50 Tests 1901-21, 2863 runs), dies
1951 - Arnold Schoenberg, Austria/US composer (Verklärte Nacht), dies at 76
1954 - Irving Pichel, dies at 63
1954 - M C Frida Kahlo, Mexican painter/wife of Diego Rivera, dies at 47
1955 - Beulah Ecton Woodard, US sculptor, dies at 59
1955 - Ruth Ellis, last English woman (murderess), executed by hanging
1956 - Vladimir Grigor'yevich Zakharov, composer, dies at 54
1958 - Karl Erb, German tenor, dies on 81st birthday
1960 - Anna Blaman, Dutch writer (Life & Death), dies at 55
1960 - Joy Gresham, American writer (b. 1915)
1967 - Cornelis A Eman, chairman (State of Aruba Peoples Party), dies at 51
1967 - Tom Simpson, British cyclist (b. 1937)
1969 - Madiba Thembekile, Nelson Mandela's son, dies in a car accident at 24
1973 - Lon Chaney Jr, actor (Hawkeye, Pistols 'n' Petticoats), dies at 67
1973 - Martian Negrea, composer, dies at 80
1973 - Willy Fritsch, German actor (Spies, Women in the Moon), dies at 72
1974 - Patrick MS Blackett, British physicist (Nobel 1948), dies at 76
1975 - Owen Wynne, cricketer (6 Tests for South Africa 1948-50), lost at sea
1976 - Max Butting, composer, dies at 87
1976 - Frederick Hawksworth, GWR Chief mechanical engineer. (b. 1884)
1976 - Joachim Peiper, German military leader (SS, by assassination; b. 1915)
1978 - Antonio Veretti, composer, dies at 78
1979 - Corine Griffith, dies at 84
1980 - Seretse Khama, 1st president of Botswana, dies
1980 - Sir Seretse Khama, Botswanan statesman and president, 59
1982 - Edith Heerdegen, dies at 69
1982 - John Alexander, actor (Alien PI), dies at 85
1983 - Gabrielle Roy, Canadian author (b. 1909)
1987 - Patience Collier, dies
1988 - Huub Bals, Dutch film promotor, dies at 51
1988 - Samuel L Mendel, oldest US war veteran, dies at 104
1989 - Abdul Rahman Qassemlu, Iran Kurds leader, murdered
1989 - Arnaldo Ochoa Sanchez, Cubans general, executed
1990 - Lois Moran Young, dies of cancer at 81
1991 - Cor Ria Leeman, Flemish (youth)writer, dies
1992 - Alex Wojciechowicz, NFLer (Philadelphia Eagles), dies at 76
1992 - Carla van Neste, Belgian violinist, dies at 78
1993 - Davey Allisson, race car drive, dies in a plane crash at 32
1993 - Edwin "Rick" Bakker, author (Rick's Report/AIDS Diary), dies at 31
1994 - Eddie Boyd, blues vocal/pianist, dies at 79
1994 - Robert Michael Payton, pizza magnate, dies at 50
1995 - Godtfred Kirk Christiansen, Danish toy manufacturer (Lego Group) (b. 1920)
1996 - Joyce Buck, actress/interior designer, dies at 71
1996 - Pandro S Berman, film producer, dies at 91
1996 - Walter Hassan, engineer, dies at 91
1997 - Alexandra Danilova, ballet great, dies at 92
1997 - Miguel Ángel Blanco, Spanish politician (b. 1968)
2002 - Yousuf Karsh, Turkish-born Armenian photographer (b. 1908)
2003 - Compay Segundo, Cuban musician (b. 1907)
2004 - Arthur Kane, American musician (b. 1949)
2004 - Carlos Kleiber, Austrian conductor (b. 1930)
2006 - Red Buttons, American comedian (b. 1919)

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