This Day in History for 18th July

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 180

390 BC - Roman-Gaulish Wars: Battle of the Allia - a Roman army is defeated by raiding Gauls, leading to the subsequent sacking of Rome.
64 - Great Fire of Rome begins (Nero didn't fiddle)
1290 - King Edward I of England orders expulsion of Jews
1330 - Battle of Velbuzd
1334 - The bishop of Florence blesses the first foundation stone for the new campanile (bell tower) of the Florence Cathedral, designed by the artist Giotto di Bondone.
1536 - Pope's authority declared void in England
1572 - Willem van Orange recognized as viceroy of Holland/Friesland/Utrecht
1588 - Admiral Howard beats Spanish Armada
1630 - Spanish troops occupy Mantua
1656 - -20] Battle at Warsaw: Swedish king Karel X Gustaafbeats Johan II Kasimir & occupies Warsaw
1696 - Czar Peter I's fleet occupies Azov at mouth of Don River
1716 - Decree orders all Jews expelled from Brussels
1737 - Battle at Banja Luka: Turkish army beats Austrians
1743 - 1st half-page newspaper ad is published (NY Weekly Journal)
1753 - Lemuel Haynes, escapes from slave holder in Framingham Mass
1766 - Society of the Dutch Literary forms
1768 - Boston Gazette publishes "Liberty Song," America's 1st patriotic song
1814 - British capture Prairie du Chien (Wisc)
1853 - Completion of Grand Trunk Line, trains begin running over 1st North American railroad between Portland, Maine & Montreal
Russian Tsar Peter the GreatRussian Tsar Peter the Great 1857 - Louis Faidherbe, French governor of Senegal, arrives to relieve French forces at Kayes, effectively ending El Hajj Umar Tall's war against the French.
1861 - Battle of Blackburn's Ford, VA US57 CS68 - Manassas -
1862 - Battle of Newburgh, IN - captured by Union forces
1863 - Battle of Fort Wagner, SC - Second assault US1500 CS174
1864 - President Lincoln asks for 500,000 volunteers for milt service
1870 - Pontifical infalliability proclaimed
1872 - Britain introduces secret ballot voting
1882 - Louisville Tony Mullane is 1st to pitch righty then lefty
1893 - Harry Graham scores 107 on cricket debut Australia v England, Lord's
1894 - 11th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Blanche Hillyard beats E Austin (6-1 6-1)
1894 - 18th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Joshua Pim beats Wilfred Baddeley (10-8 6-2 8-6)
1896 - 2nd US Golf Open: James Foulis shoots a 152 at Shinnecock Hills NY
1896 - George Giffen is 1st to complete 1000/100 double, in 30th Test Cricket
1896 - Ranjitsinhji completes 154* on Test Cricket debut v Aust, Old Trafford
1897 - Cap Anson, is 1st to get 3,000 hits
1907 - Florenz Ziegfeld's "Follies of 1907," premieres in NYC
1907 - French troops occupy Casablanca
1912 - Chicago Cubs get 21 hits but lose to Philadelphia Phillies in 11 innings
1913 - After 68 straight innings Christy Mathewson gives up a walk
1914 - US army air service 1st comes into being, in Signal Corps
1915 - 2nd Battle of Isonzo begins & ends with loss of 280,000 men
1915 - Boston Braves start move from last place to become world series champs
1918 - US & French forces launch Aisne-Marne offensive in WW I
1921 - Black Sox trial begins in Chicago
1923 - England's House of Lords accepts new divorce law
1924 - KPD points out Rote Frontkampferbund against Nazi
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf HitlerDictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler 1925 - Hitler publishes Mein Kampf
1927 - Ty Cobb's 4,000th career hit
1930 - SHO soccer team forms in Old Beijerland
1931 - 1st air-conditioned ship (Mariposa) launched
1932 - Belgium, Luxembourg & Netherlands sign Unity treaty
1932 - US & Canada sign a treaty to develop St Lawrence Seaway
1935 - Amsterdam city council accept city growth plan through the year 2000
1936 - Spanish Civil War : General Francisco Franco issues manifesto and leds uprising with army in Morocco
1938 - Douglas "Wrong Way" Corrigan arrives in Ireland-left NY for Calif
1940 - 1st successful helicopter flight, Stratford, Ct
1940 - British government signs Bruma law under Japanese pressure
1940 - Democratic Convention nominates FDR for a 3rd term
1941 - SS drowns 40 Jews in Dvina River, Belorussia
1942 - 1st legal NJ horse race in 50 years; Garden State Park track opens
1942 - Messerschmitt Me 262 Schwalbe, 1st jet fighter, takes 1st flight
32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt 1942 - World War II: the Germans test fly the Messerschmitt Me-262 using only its jet engines for the first time.
1943 - British assault on Catania Sicily
1943 - Giants & Phillies strand record 30 baserunners, NY wins, 10-6
1944 - 7:45 Operation-Goodwood: British assault east of Caen
1944 - Allies air raid railways at Vaires Paris
1944 - Arne Andersson runs world record 1 mile (4:01.6)
1944 - British Mosquito's attack Cologne & Berlin
1944 - British air raid on German convoy SW of Helgoland
1944 - British troops occupy Bourquebus hill range Normandy
1944 - Polish troops under gen Anders occupy Ancona Italy
1944 - US troop march into St-Lo
1947 - British seize "Exodus 1947" ship of Jewish immigrants to Palestine
1947 - King George VI signs Indian Independence Bill
1947 - President Harry Truman signs Presidential Succession Act
1947 - Tigers shut out Yanks 2-0, end 19 game win streak
1947 - US begins administering Trust Territory of Pacific Islands
1948 - "Marinka" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 168 performances
1948 - Pat Seerey of Chicago White Sox hits 4 HRs in a game
1948 - White Sox Fat Pat Seerey, hits 4 HRs in 11 inning game
1951 - Uruguay accepts its constitution
1951 - Jersey Joe Walcott at 37 becomes oldest to win heavyweight champion
1951 - Jersey Joe Walcott KOs Ezzard Charles in 7 for hw boxing title
1952 - KWGN TV channel 2 in Denver, CO (IND) begins broadcasting
1954 - Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Inverness Four-Ball Golf Tournament
1954 - Cards losing 8-1 to Phillies begin stalling in 5th, they forfeit game
1955 - 1st electric power generated from atomic energy sold commercially
1955 - 280 mm rain in Martinstown, Dorset (UK-record)
1956 - Erno Gero succeeds Matyas Rákosi as party leader of Hungary
1959 - 1st black to win a major golf tournament (William Wright)
1960 - 1st UN troops reach Congo
1960 - Baseball's NL votes to add Houston & NY franchises
1960 - Premier Kishi of Japan, resigns
1961 - Commissioner Ford Frick rules Babe Ruth's record of 60 HR in 154-game sched in 1927, must be broken in 1st 154 of 162 games
1962 - Minnesota Twins Bob Allison & Harmon Killebrew hit grand slams in 1st inn & Harmon Killebrew connect in a club-record, 11-run 1st inning
1962 - Minn is 1st AL team to hit 2 grand slams in an inning as Bob Allison
1963 - Failed military coup in Syria
1964 - Race riot in Harlem (NYC); riots spread to Bedford-Stuyvesant (Bkln)
1965 - Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Yankee Golf Open
1965 - Zond 3 launched to fly by Moon, enters solar orbit
1966 - Carl Sagan turns 1 billion seconds old

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 236

1340 - Philip van Artevelde, wine salesman/lord lt of Flanders
1501 - Isabella of Burgundy, wife of Christian II of Denmark (d. 1526)
1504 - Heinrich Bullinger, Swiss religious reformer (d. 1575)
1534 - Zacharias Ursinus, German theologist (Heidelberger Catechism)
1552 - Rudolf II, of Habsburg, emperor of Germany (1576-1612)
1634 - Joannes Camphuys, governor-general of Dutch-Indies (1684-91)
1635 - Robert Hooke, Isle of Wight, Scientist (Micrographia)
1670 - Giovanni Battista Bononcini, Italian (opera)composer
1711 - Pierre-Joseph Le Blan, composer
1718 - Saverio Bettinelli, Italian writer (d. 1808)
1720 - Gilbert White, "father of British naturalists",,17660718::"Friedrich Fleischmann, composer
1796 - Feargus O'Connor, County Cork, leader of English Chartists
1797 - Immanuel Hermann Fichte, German philosopher (d. 1879)
1810 - Peter Singer, composer
1811 - William Makepeace Thackeray, England, Victorian novelist (Vanity Fair)
1818 - Louis De Geer, 1st Swedish Prime Minister (d. 1896)
1821 - Pauline Garcia-Viardot, French mezzo-soprano and composer (d. 1910)
1823 - Leonard Fulton Ross, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1901
1827 - Pierre L Goossens, archbishop of Mechelen/Cardinal
Scientist Robert HookeScientist Robert Hooke (1635) 1837 - Vasil Levski, Bulgarian revolutionary (d. 1873)
1845 - Tristan Corbière, French poet (d. 1875)
1848 - William Gilbert Grace, Victorian England's greatest cricketer
1850 - Rose Hartwick Thorpe, American poet (d. 1939)
1853 - Hendrik Antoon Lorentz, Holland, physicist (Nobel 1902)
1862 - Victor, Prince Napoleon (Napoleon V), French pretender to throne
1862 - Nikolai Nikolayevich Yudenich, Russian WWI general (d. 1933)
1864 - Ricarda Huch, writer
1864 - Phillip Snowden, British politician (d. 1937)
1865 - Laurence Housman, England, author/playwright (Victoria Regina)
1870 - Emil Mlynarski, composer
1871 - Giacomo Balla, Italian painter (Dog at a Rope)
1871 - Sada Yacco, Japanese stage actress (d. 1946)
1872 - Julius Fucik, composer
1880 - Otto Vrieslander, composer
1881 - Larry McLean, baseball player (d. 1921)
1882 - Manuel Galvez, Argentina writer/poet/historian (Paraguay)
1884 - Alberto di Jorio, former head of the Vatican Bank and secretary of the 1958 conclave (d. 1979)
1887 - Vidkun Al Quisling, Norwegian minister of Defense/premier (1942-45)
1888 - Alexander Rosemeier, Indonesian/Dutch painter
1888 - Sydney Horler, English detective writer
1890 - Charles Wilson, Pres of General Motors (1940-53)/Sec of Def (1953-57)
1890 - Frank Forde, 15th Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1983)
1891 - Gene Lockhart, NYC, actor (Going My Way, Christmas Carol)
1892 - Arthur Friedenreich, Brazilian football player (d. 1969)
1893 - Josef Huttel, composer
1893 - Richard Dix, St Paul MN, actor (10 Commandments, Cimarron)
1894 - Bernard Wagenaar, Arnhem Holland, composer (3 Songs for Chinese)
1895 - Marie Ney, London England, actress (Brief Ecstasy, Simba, Witchcraft)
American Gangster George 'Machine Gun' KellyAmerican Gangster George 'Machine Gun' Kelly (1895) 1895 - George Machine Gun Kelly [Georgio Barnes], Memphis Tennessee, American gangster, (d. 1954)
1897 - E. A. D. Eldridge, British racing driver (d. 1935)
1898 - Herbert Marcuse, Berlin, communist philosopher (Eros & Civilization)
1898 - John Stuart, Edinburgh Scotland, actor (Number 17)
1899 - Willem Kernkamp, Dutch minister of Colonies (Islam & Woman)
1900 - Nathalie Sarraute [Tcherniak], Ivanovo, Russia, writer and lawyer (Portrait of a Man Unknown, The Golden Fruits)
1902 - Charles W J Mengelberg, Dutch composer/conductor
1903 - Bozidar Kunc, composer
1903 - Chill Wills, Seagoville Texas, actor (Fronteir Circus, Rounders)
1906 - Belle Stewart, singer
1906 - Clifford Odets, US, dramatist (1961 Award of Merit-Golden Boy)
1906 - S I Hayakawa, (Sen-R-CA), educator (Language in Action)
1907 - Yvonne Desportes, composer
1908 - Mildred Lisette Norman, American peace activist, earned the moniker Peace Pilgrim (d. 1981)
1909 - Andrei Gromyko, USSR, diplomat/USSR President (1985-89) [7/5 OS]
1909 - Harriet Hilliard Nelson, Des Moines, Iowa, American singer/actress (Ozzie & Harriet, Follow the Fleet)
1909 - Lupe Velez, [Guadelupe Velez de Villabos], actress (Joe Palooka)
1909 - Mohammed Daoud Khan, President of Afghanistan (d. 1978)
1911 - Alexander Hyatt-King, scholar (Mozart)
1911 - Hume Cronyn, London Ontario, actor (World According to Garp, Cocoon)
1912 - Harry Levin, literary Scholar
1912 - Henry L "Hank" Miller, US pilot/lt adm (WW II-Pacific)
1912 - Max Rousié, French rugby footballer (d. 1950)
1913 - Jan Slot, Dutch mayor (Eethen/Hardenberg/Ede)
1913 - Marvin Miller, St Louis Mo, actor (Space Patrol, Millionaire)
1913 - Red Skelton, [Richard], Vincennes Ind, comedian (Red Skelton Show)
1914 - Herbert Collum, composer
1914 - John G Bearer, writer (Metro, Drunken Canary, Fast Heartbeat)
1914 - Jozef MLT Cals, Dutch premier (KVP, Mammoth Law)
1914 - Mack Robinson, US, 200m dash (Olympic-silver-1932)
1914 - Gino Bartali, Italian cyclist (d. 2000)
1915 - Anthony Cox, English architect
1915 - Isaack Stouten, resistance fighter
1916 - Isaac [Ietje] A Diepenhorst, Dutch lawyer/minister of Education
1916 - Kenneth Armitage, English sculptor
1916 - Johnny Hopp, baseball player (d. 2003)
1917 - Henri Salvador, French singer (d. 2008)
1918 - Jane Frazee, Duluth Minn, actress/singer (Alice-Beulah)
Anti-apartheid activist and South African President Nelson MandelaAnti-apartheid activist and South African President Nelson Mandela (1918) 1918 - Nelson Mandela, Qunu South Africa, political prisoner (ANC)/President (1994-1999)/ Nobel (1993)
1918 - Pamela Brown, England, actress (Alice in Wonderland, Dracula)
1920 - Dolph Sweet, actor (Gil McGowan-Another World)
1920 - Eric Brandon, British racing driver (d. 1982)
1921 - John H Glenn Jr, Cambridge OH, astronaut (Mer 7, sk:STS 95)/(Sen-D-Oh)
1922 - Thomas Kuhn, American philosopher (d. 1996)
1923 - Hector Tosar, composer
1923 - Jerome H. Lemelson, American inventor (d. 1997)
1924 - Howard Roberts, Burlington NJ, choral director (Leslie Uggams Show)
1924 - John Cruickshank, French scholar
1924 - Inge Sørensen, Danish swimmer
1925 - George Doggart, cricketer (2 Tests for England 1950)/MCC pres
1925 - Jaime de Mora y Aragon, actor/publicist (Last Judgement)
1925 - Shirley Strickland de la Hunty, Australia, 100m dash (Oly-bronze-1948)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 9 of 9

1922 - British naval officer Louis Mountbatten (22) weds Lord Mount Temple's daughter Edwina Cynthia Annette Ashley (20) at St. Margaret's in Westminster, London
1933 - Heavyweight boxing champ Jack Dempsey (38) weds broadway singer Hannah Williams (22)
1938 - Physicist and Nobel laureate John Bardeen (30) weds Jane Maxwell
1959 - Actress Louise Fletcher (25) weds producer Jerry Bick (36)
1992 - Film critic Roger Ebert marries Chaz Hammel-Smith
1992 - Helen Windsor, daughter of British Duke and Duchess of Kent weds art dealer Timothy Taylor at Windsor Castle
1992 - Singers Whitney Houston (28) & Bobby Brown (23) marry
1994 - "The Cranberries" lead singer Dolores O'Riordan (22) weds Don Burton (32) in Ireland
1998 - Nelson Mandela marries 3rd wife Graça Machel on his 80th birthday

Famous Divorces

Divorces 1 - 1 of 1

2012 - WWE wrestler John Cena (35) divorces Elizabeth Huberdeau (33) due to irretrievably broken marriage after 3 years of getting married

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 106

640 - Arnulf, bishop of Metz (614-640)/politician, dies at about 58
715 - Muhammad bin Qasim (b. 695)
1100 - Godfried IV van Bouillon, count of Antwerp, dies
1374 - Francesco Petrarch, Italian poet (Italia Mia), dies at 69
1488 - Alvise Cadamosto, Italian explorer (b. 1432)
1544 - René van Chalon, viceroy of Holland, dies in battle at 25
1591 - Jakob Handl, [Petelin], Austrian composer/bandmaster, dies at 40
1608 - Joachim III Frederik, ruler (Brandenburg), dies at 61
1610 - Michelangelo Merisi, Italian artist (b. 1573)
1639 - Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar, German prince and general (b. 1604)
1642 - Willem earl of Nassau-Siegen, gov of Ft Emmerik/Heusden, dies
1650 - Christoph Scheiner, German astronomer, dies at 74
1695 - Joannes Camphuys, gov-gen of Dutch-Indies, dies at 61
1698 - Johann Heinrich Heidegger, Swiss theologian (b. 1633)
1710 - Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio, Italian painter, dies at 36
1721 - Jean Antoine Watteau, French painter, dies
1730 - François de Neufville, duc de Villeroi, French soldier (b. 1644)
1735 - Johann Krieger, composer, dies at 83
1792 - John Paul Jones, American naval commander (b. 1747)
Novelist Jane AustenNovelist Jane Austen (1817) 1817 - Jane Austen, English novelist, dies at 41
1831 - Thomas Greatorex, composer, dies at 72
1833 - Joseph Comb, missionary to Moluccas, dies at 63
1854 - Abbas Hilmi I, viceroy of Egypt, dies at about 41
1863 - William Dorsey Pender, US Confederate gen-mjr, dies of injuries at 29
1872 - Benito Juarez, Cuban justice/general (battle of Acapulco), dies at 66
1884 - Ferdinand von Hochstetter, Austrian geologist (b. 1829)
1892 - Thomas Cook, English tour director (Thomas Cook & Son), dies at 83
1894 - Leconte de Lisle, writer, dies at 75
1898 - Emil Hartmann, composer, dies at 62
1899 - Horatio Alger Jr, American clergyman/author (Disagreeeable Woman), dies
1901 - Alfredo Carlo Piatti, composer, dies at 79
1902 - John White, composer, dies at 47
1908 - Jaime Nuno, composer, dies at 83
1915 - George William Louis Marshall-Hall, composer, dies at 53
1916 - Benjamin C. Truman, American journalist and author
1918 - Grand Duchess Elizabeth Fyodorovna (b. 1864)
1925 - Louis Nazaire Bégin, Roman Catholic cardinal and Archbishop of Quebec (b. 1840)
1937 - Julian Bell, British poet (b. 1908)
1938 - Vladimir M Kirshon, Russian playwright, executed at 35
1939 - Witold Maliszewski, composer, dies at 65
1941 - Dionyssios Lavrangas, composer, dies at 80
1944 - George A Hartland, English MP (Norwich 1931-35), dies at 60
1944 - Thomas Sturge Moore, English poet (Centaurs' Booty), dies at 74
1948 - Herman Gummerus, Finnish historian and politician (b. 1877)
1949 - Vítězslav Novák, Czech composer (b. 1870)
1950 - Carl Clinton Van Doren, US literary (The Nation), dies at 64
1952 - Paul Saintenoy, Belgian architect (b. 1862)
1952 - Jack Earle, American actor and sideshow performer (b. 1906)
1953 - Lucy Booth, Daughter of William and Catherine Booth (b. 1868)
American Gangster George 'Machine Gun' KellyAmerican Gangster George 'Machine Gun' Kelly (1954) 1954 - George Machine Gun Kelly, American gangster, dies at 59
1956 - Willem J A Kerncamp, Dut overseas minister (Islam & Woman), dies at 57
1958 - Henry Farman, French aviation pioneer (double decker), dies at 84
1958 - John Gobau, Flem/Dutch actor (Death of Business Traveller), dies at 67
1961 - Kit Guard, dies of cancer at 67
1963 - A H C Cooper, South African cricketer (Test v England 1914), dies
1965 - Shalva Mikhailovich Taktakishvili, composer, dies at 64
1966 - Bobby Fuller, American rock singer and guitarist (I Fought the Law), found dead at 23
1966 - German Germanovich Galinin, composer, dies at 44
1967 - Humberto de Alencar Castelo Branco, Brazil pres (1964-87), dies at 66
1968 - Corneille Heymans, Belgian physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1892)
1969 - Barbara Pepper, actress (Doris Ziffel-Green Acres), dies at 57
1970 - Lucien H d'Azambuja, Fren astronomer (chromosphere of Sun), dies at 86
1973 - Jack Hawkins, actor (Ben Hur, Ben-Four Just Men), dies at 62
1975 - Federico Ghisi, composer, dies at 74
1980 - Naoomal Jeoomal, cricketer (3 Tests for India 1932-34, 108 runs), dies
1981 - Wilhelm HC Tenhaeff, Dutch para-psychologist, dies at 87
1982 - Lionel Daunais, French-Canadian singer and composer (b. 1902)
1984 - James Oliver Huberty, shot by police after killing 21 in McDonalds
1985 - Shahnawaz Bhutto, son of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto
1986 - Stanley Rous, British soccer official, dies at 91
1987 - Gilberto Freye, Brazilian sociologist/writer, dies at 87
1988 - Nico, US model/pop singer (Velvet Underground), dies at 43
1989 - Donnie Moore, pitcher (Angels), shoots himself at 35
1989 - Rebecca Schaeffer, actress (My Sister Sam), is shot by a fan at 21
1990 - Georges Dargaud, French publisher (Asterix, Kuifje), dies at 78
1990 - Karl Menninger, psychatrist (Menninger Clinic), dies at 96 of cancer
1990 - Yoon Boseon, President of South Korea (b. 1897)
1990 - Gerry Boulet, Quebec rock singer (b. 1946)
1991 - Andre Cools, Belgian budget minister, murdered at 63
1991 - Harold Butler, cricketer (2 Tests for England 1947-48, 12 wkts), dies
1992 - Jan Pelleboer, Dutch meteorologist, dies
1992 - Mollie Parnis, fashion designer (Mamie Eisenhower), dies
1992 - Rudolf Ising, cartoonist (Looney Tunes, Merrie Melodies), dies at 88
1992 - Viktor Louis, Russian journalist, dies
1993 - Jean Negulesco, director (3 Coins in a Fountain), dies at 93
1993 - John Beck, US producer (Harvey, Singing Nun), dies at 83
1993 - Robert Davis, dies of emphysema at 76
1993 - Sergei Y Vozovikov, Russian major/cosmonaut, dies in accident at 35
1993 - Vladimir Pavlovich Barmin, Chief designer of Soviet launch pads, dies
1994 - Gottfried Reinhardt, [Goldmann], German/US director, dies at 83
1995 - Fabio Casartelli, Italian olympian (Oly-gold-92), dies at 24
1996 - Hans Fellner, bookseller, dies at 71
1997 - Eugene Shoemaker, astronomer (Shoemaker-Levy comet), dies at 69
2001 - James Hatfield, American author (b. 1958)
2001 - Fabio Taglioni, Italian automotive engineer (b. 1920)
2002 - Victor Emery, British theoretical physicist (b. 1933)
2004 - Paul Foot, British journalist (b. 1937)
2004 - Émile Peynaud, French oenologist (b. 1912)
2005 - William Westmoreland, American military officer (b. 1914)
2005 - Bill Hicke, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1938)

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