This Day in History for 5th July

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 204

649 - St Martin I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
767 - Duke of Nepi names his brother (leek) Pope Constantine II
1054 - Brightest supernova (Crab Nebula) 1st reported
1294 - Pietro del Murrone elected as Pope Coelestinus V
1295 - Scotland and France form an alliance, the beginnings of the Auld Alliance, against England.
1436 - German emperor Sigismund signs peace with Hussieten
1450 - Pope Nicolas V names Walraven van Meurs bishop of Munster
1596 - English fleet under the earl of Essex plunder Cadiz
1610 - John Guy sets sail from Bristol with 39 other colonists for Newfoundland.
1626 - Battle at Lenz: Rebel Austrian Boers defeated
1643 - 1st recorded tornado in US (Essex County, Massachusetts)
1687 - Isaac Newton's PRINCIPIA published by Royal Society in England. Outlines his laws of motion and universal gravitation.
Physicist & Mathematician Isaac NewtonPhysicist & Mathematician Isaac Newton 1750 - Slave revolt on Curacao
1770 - Battle of Chesma and Battle of Larga between the Russian Empire and the Ottoman Empire.
1775 - US Congress adopts the Olive Branch Petition.
1791 - Jose Maria Narvaez discovers Point Grey (now Vancouver BC)
1803 - The convention of Artlenburg leads to the French occupation of Hanover (which had been ruled by the British king).
1808 - Battle of Buenos Aires
1809 - -6) Battle of Wagram - Napoleon beats archduke Charles
1811 - Venezuela, 1st South American country to gain independence from Spain
1813 - War of 1812: Three weeks of British raids on Fort Schlosser, Black Rock and Plattsburgh, New York begin.
French Emperor Napoleon BonaparteFrench Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte 1814 - Americans defeat British & Canadians at Chippewa, Ontario
1830 - France invades Algeria, begins a 40 year conquest
1832 - HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin departs Rio de Janeiro
1834 - Provisional government forms in Oregon Country
1841 - Thomas Cook opens 1st travel agency
1843 - Committee of 9 appointed to establish civil government in Oregon Country
1852 - Frederick Douglass, fugitive slave, delivers his 'What to the Slave Is the Fourth of July?' speech to the Ladies' Anti-Slavery Society in Rochester in which he condemns the celebration as a hypocritical sham in a land where slavery still exists
1859 - Capt N C Brooks discovers Midway Islands
Abolitionist Frederick DouglassAbolitionist Frederick Douglass 1861 - Battle of Carthage, MO - US Gen Sigel attacks pro-secessionist
1863 - Battle of Jackson, MS & Battle of Birdsong Ferry, MS
1864 - Battle of Smith's Expedition, MS (Tupelo, Harrisburg)
1865 - Great Britain delegate's world 1st maximum speed laws
1865 - US Secret Service begins operating under the Treasury Department
1871 - Trial against Kiowa chief Satanta (White Bear) & Big Tree, begins
1878 - The coat of arms of the Baku governorate was established.
1884 - German consul-general Gustav Nachtigal takes possession of Cameroon
1884 - US Congress accept 2nd Chinese Exclusion Act
1891 - Hail kills 6 horses in Rapid City, SD
1900 - Compulsory education law passes Dutch 1st Chamber
1902 - Australia won the one & only Test Cricket played at Sheffield
1904 - Giants 18-game winning streak ends as Phillies win 6-5 in 10 inn
1904 - 4th Davis Cup: British Isles beats Belgium in Wimbledon (5-0)
1906 - 23rd Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Dorothea Chambers beats M Bundy (6-3 9-7)
1906 - 30th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Laurence Doherty beats F Riseley (6-4 4-6 6-2 6-3)
1907 - 24th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: May Bundy beats D Chambers (6-1 6-4)
1907 - 31st Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Norman Brookes beats Arthur Gore (6-4 6-2 6-2)
1908 - Niazi Bey, a chief organizer of the revolutionary movement in Turkey, raises the standard of revolt at Resna, Macedonia
1913 - Queen Wilhelmina meets SDAP-leader Troelstra
1914 - Boston Braves are 15 games back in NL, & win World Series
1914 - Germany offers Austria war aid to fight against Russia in Serbia
1919 - 32nd Wimbledon Womens Tennis: S Lenglen beats Chambers (10-8 4-6 9-7)
Baseball Legend Babe RuthBaseball Legend Babe Ruth 1919 - Red Sox Babe Ruth hits 2 HRs in a game for his 1st of 72 times
1922 - 1st general election in Netherlands
1922 - Uprising of social righteousness in Rio de Janeiro
1922 - Women 1st vote in Dutch elections, Christian parties win
1924 - Military revolt in Sao Paulo Brazil
1924 - 44th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Jean Borotra beats R Lacoste (6-1 3-6 6-1 3-6 6-4)
1929 - 42nd Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Helen Moody beats Helen Jacobs (6-1 6-2)
1929 - WOWO-AM, Indiana returns to air, 1 day after transmitter burns down
1930 - 50th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Bill Tilden beats W Allison (6-3 9-7 6-4)
1932 - Antonio de Oliveira Salazar becomes premier/dictator of Portugal
1933 - German party Catholic Center disbands
1934 - "Bloody Thursday" - Police open fire on striking longshoremen in San Francisco.
1935 - 1st "Hawaii Calls" radio program is broadcast
1935 - 1st time brothers on opposing teams hit HRs, Tony & Al Cuccunello
1935 - Chicago Cubs are 10½ games back in NL, & go on to win the pennant
32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt 1935 - FDR signs National Labor Relations Act
1935 - 55th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Fred Perry beats G von Cramm (6-2 6-4 6-4)
1936 - 120°F (49°C), Gannvalley, South Dakota (state record)
1937 - 117°F (47°C), Medicine Lake, Montana (state record)
1937 - Chicago Cub Frank Demaree gets 6 hits in 1st game & 2 in 2nd game
1937 - Joe DiMaggio's 1st grand slammer
1937 - Republican offensive by Brunete in Spain
1937 - Spam, the luncheon meat, was introduced into the market by the Hormel Foods Corporation.
1938 - Herb Caen's 1st column in SF Chronicle
1940 - Diplomatic relations broken between Britain & Vichy government in France
Baseball Player Joe DiMaggioBaseball Player Joe DiMaggio 1941 - German occupiers disband political parties
1942 - 1st performance of Heitor Villa-Lobos' Choros 6/9/11
1942 - Ian Fleming graduates from a training school for spies in Canada
1943 - Battle of Gulf of Kula
1943 - Battle of Koersk, USSR begins (6,000 tanks)
1943 - Liberator bombers sink U-535 in Gulf of Biskaye
1943 - US invasion fleet (96 ships) sails to Sicily
1944 - Harry Crosby takes 1st rocket airplane, MX-324, for maiden flight
1945 - Labour Party wins British parliamentary election
1945 - World War II: Liberation of the Philippines declared.
1946 - Louis Reard's bikini swimsuit design debuts at Paris fashion show
Golfer Sam SneadGolfer Sam Snead 1946 - 75th British Golf Open: Sam Snead shoots a 290 at St Andrews
1947 - "Barefoot Boy with Cheek" closes at Martin Beck NYC after 108 perfs
1947 - 54th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Margaret Osborne beat Doris Hart (6-2 6-4)
1947 - Larry Doby signs with Cleveland Indians-1st black player in AL
1948 - Britain's National Health Service Act begins
1949 - NY Giants purchase Monty Irvin & Henry Thompson, their 1st blacks
1950 - Law of Return passes, guarantees all Jews right to live in Israel
1951 - Dodgers sweep the Giants & lead by 7½ games (Giants will win pennant)
Physicist William ShockleyPhysicist William Shockley 1951 - Dr William Shockley invents junction transistor (Murray Hill NJ)
1952 - "Of Thee I Sing" closes at Ziegfeld Theater NYC after 72 performances
1952 - 59th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Maureen Connolly beats L Brough (7-5 6-3)
1953 - Jackie Pung wins LPGA Triangle Round Robin Golf Tournament

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 220

1321 - Joan of The Tower, Queen consort of Scotland (d. 1362)
1546 - Johann Steuerlein, composer
1586 - Thomas Hooker, Connecticut colonist (d. 1647)
1653 - Thomas Pitt, British Governor of Madras (d. 1726)
1654 - Antonio Maria Pacchioni, composer
1675 - Mary Walcott, American accuser at the Salem witch trials
1717 - Pedro III of Portugal, consort of Maria I of Portugal (d. 1786)
1718 - Francis Seymour-Conway, 1st Marquess of Hertford, Viceroy of Ireland (d. 1794)
1729 - Claudio M da Costa, Brazilian poet
1755 - Sarah Kemble Siddons, Brecon England, tragic actress (Fatal Marriage)
1764 - Janos Lavotta, composer
1775 - William Crotch, composer
1793 - Pavel I Pestel, Russian officer
1794 - Sylvester Graham, developed graham cracker
US Civil War Admiral David FarragutUS Civil War Admiral David Farragut (1801) 1801 - David Farragut, Campbell's Station, Tennessee, US Admiral ("Damn the torpedoes, full speed ahead!")
1805 - Robert Fitz Roy, British naval officer and scientist (d. 1865)
1810 - Phineas Taylor Barnum, Bethel Conn, circus promoter (Barnum & Bailey)
1820 - William John Macquorn Rankine, Scottish engineer and physicist (d. 1872)
1828 - Paul J C Gabriel, painter/water colors painter/etcher
1829 - Ignacio Mariscal, Writer and Mexican diplomat (d. 1910)
1841 - William C. Whitney, American financier (d. 1904)
1843 - Mandell Creighton, English bishop/historian
1847 - Agnes Marie Jacobina Zimmermann, composer
1852 - Stefano Gobatti, composer
1853 - Cecil John Rhodes, South Africa, politician/diamond merchant
1857 - Clara Zetkin, German women's rights advocate/communist
1858 - Maria J "Marie" Bakker, Dutch actress
1860 - Robert Bacon, American politician (d. 1919)
1867 - Andrew Ellicott Douglass, Windsor, VT, USA, American inventor of dendrochronology (tree-ring dating)
1868 - William H Singer, US painter/collector (Singer Museum, Laren)
1872 - Edouard Herriot, French politician (d. 1957)
1874 - Gerhard von Keussler, composer
Nazi Physician Eugen FischerNazi Physician Eugen Fischer (1874) 1874 - Eugen Fischer, Bade Germany, Nazi physician (Kaiser Wilhelm Institute), (d. 1967)
1878 - Joseph Holbrooke, English pianist/conductor/composer
1879 - Wanda Landowska, Warsaw Poland, harpsichordist (Musique Ancienne)
1879 - Dwight Filley Davis, US Sect of War/donated tennis' Davis Cup
1879 - Volkmar Andreae, Swiss conductor/composer (Tonhalle Orchestra)
1880 - Jan Kubelik, composer
1881 - Augustyn Hlond, Polish cardinal
1882 - Inayat Khan, Indian sufi (d. 1927).
1885 - Andre Lhote, French painter/art historian (Traité du paysage)
1886 - Felix Timmermans, Flemish writer/painter/cartoonist (Pallieter)
1886 - Willem Drees, PM of Netherland (PvdA, 1948-58)/Indonesia (AOW)
1889 - Jean Cocteau, France, writer/artist/director (Le Potamak, Orphée)
1890 - Frederick Lewis Allen, American social historian (d. 1954)
1891 - John Northrop, US, biochemist, crystallized enzymes (Nobel 1946)
1891 - Tin Ujević, Croatian poet (d. 1955)
1895 - Gordon Jacob, composer
1897 - Paul Ben-Haim, [Frankenburger], Munich Germany, Israeli composer
1898 - Yip Man, Ving Tsun Sifu and Master of Style (Gung-Gung) (d. 1972)
1899 - Anna Arnold Hedgeman, social activist (NYC cabinet)
1899 - Domingo Santa Cruz Wilson, composer
1899 - Marcel Achard, French screen/playwright (Jean de la Lune)
1900 - Bernardus J Cardinal Alfrink, cardinal of Utrecht Netherlands
1901 - Sergey Obraztsov, Soviet puppet master (d. 1992)
1902 - Frank Waters, writer
1902 - Henry Cabot Lodge, (Sen-R)/ambassador (VP candidate 1960)
1903 - Irwin Fischer, composer
1904 - Don Goddard, Binghamton NY, news anchor (ABC Evening News 1958-59)
1904 - Franz Adolf Syberg, composer
1904 - Harold Acton, English/Italian historian/art collector
1904 - Milburn Stone, Bruton Ks, actor (Doc-Gunsmoke)
1904 - Ernst Mayr, American biologist (d. 2005)
1905 - Isa Miranda, [Ines Sampietro], Italian model/actress (La ronde)
1905 - Jock Cameron, South African cricket keeper (captain)
1905 - Myles Horton, American educator and Civil Rights Movement teacher (d. 1990)
1909 - Andrei Gromyko, USSR, diplomat/USSR President (1985-89) [7/18 NS]
1910 - Robert K Meston, US sociologist (functionalism)
French President Georges PompidouFrench President Georges Pompidou (1911) 1911 - Georges Pompidou, Paris, President/Prime Minister of France (1962-74), (d. 1974)
1913 - Smiley Lewis, Louisiana, vocalist (I Hear You Knockin')
1914 - Jacob Soetendorp, Dutch rabbi
1915 - John Woodruff, American athlete (d. 2007)
1917 - Glenn Reeves, Massillon OH, actor (Defending Your Life)
1918 - George Rochberg, Paterson NJ, composer (Concord Quartet)
1920 - Issachar Miron, composer
1920 - Mary Louise Hancock, American politician and activist
1923 - John McKay, WV, football coach (USC, Tampa Bay, 5X Rose Bowl champ)
1924 - Beverly Tyler, Scranton Pa, actress (Fireball, Lorelei-Big Town)
1924 - Niels Jannasch, Canadian historian and museum curator (d. 2001)
1924 - János Starker, Hungarian cellist, (d. 2013)
1926 - Haya van Someren-Downer, 2nd Member of parliament (Dutch Lib Party)
1926 - Kenneth Gaburo, composer
1927 - W M Diggelmann, writer
1928 - Warren Oates, Depoy Ky, actor (East of Eden, Stoney Burke)
1928 - Pierre Mauroy, French politician (Prime Minister, 1981-4), (d. 2013)
1929 - Graham Anthony Richard Lock, cricketer
1929 - Katherine Helmond, Galveston Tx, actress (Soap, Mona-Who's the Boss)
1929 - Mary Maxwell Gates, philanthropist/mother of Bill Gates
1929 - Tony Lock, cricketer (highly successful England slow lefty bowler)
1930 - Tommy Cook, Duluth MN, actor (Missile to the Moon)
1930 - Yutaka Makino, composer
1931 - James "Jimmy the Gent" Burke, criminal
1932 - Edgar Louis Vanderstegen Millington Drake, painter
1932 - Billy Laughlin, American actor (d. 1948)
1932 - Gyula Horn, Hungarian prime minister (1994-8), (d. 2013)
1933 - Terence Cooper, Northern Ireland, actor (Casino Royale)
1935 - Edward McInnes, German scholar
1935 - John Gilmore, American true crime author
1936 - Shirley Knight, Goessei Kansas, actress (Endless Love, Secrets)
1936 - James Mirrlees, Scottish economist, Nobel Prize laureate

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 9 of 9

Author Lucy Maud MontgomeryAuthor Lucy Maud Montgomery (1911) 1911 - "Anne of Green Gables" author Lucy Maud Montgomery (36) weds Ewen MacDonald in Prince Edward Island, Canada
1920 - Foreign Minister of the German Reich Joachim von Ribbentrop (27) weds Anna Elisabeth Henkell
1943 - Actress Betty Grable (26) weds big band leader Harry James (27)
1980 - Actress Raquel Welch (39) weds producer André Weinfeld
2002 - "Smallville" actor Tom Welling (25) weds model Jamie White in Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts
2003 - TV personality Debbie Matenopoulos (28) weds Lions Gate Entertainment president Jay Faires at St. Sophia Greek Orthodox Cathedral in Los Angeles, California
2003 - "Dawson's Creek" actor James Van Der Beek (26) weds actress Heather Ann McComb (26) at Saddlerock Ranch in Malibu, California
Actress Elizabeth BanksActress Elizabeth Banks (2003) 2003 - Actress Elizabeth Banks (29) weds sportswriter and producer Max Handelman (30) at the Greystone Mansion in Beverly Hills
2008 - "The Bachelor" TV personality Andrew Firestone (32) weds Serbian model and actress Ivana Bozilovic (30) at St Mark's in the Valley Episcopal Church in Los Olivos, California

Famous Divorces

Divorces 1 - 2 of 2

Singer/Actor Frank SinatraSinger/Actor Frank Sinatra (1957) 1957 - Singer/actor Frank Sinatra and movie star Ava Gardner divorce after 6 years of marriage
2007 - Burlesque dancer Dita Von Teese (34) divorces rocker Marilyn Manson (38) due to irreconcilable differences after a year of marriage

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 96 of 96

1316 - Infante Ferdinand of Majorca (b. 1278)
1375 - Charles III of Alençon, French archbishop (b. 1337)
1472 - Charles of Artois, Count of Eu, French military leader (b. 1394)
1539 - Antonio M Zaccaria, Italian physician/saint, dies
1626 - Stephan Fadinger, Austrian boer leader, dies in battle
1666 - Albert VI of Bavaria (b. 1584)
1676 - Carl Gustaf Wrangel, Swedish soldier (b. 1613)
1681 - Fjodor Aleksejevitsj, tsar of Russia, dies
1715 - Charles Ancillon, French Huguenot pastor (b. 1659)
1719 - Meinhardt Schomberg, 3rd Duke of Schomberg, Irish general (b. 1641)
1773 - Francisco José Freire, Portuguese historian and philologist (b. 1719)
1803 - William Jackson, composer, dies at 73
British Statesman and Founder of Singapore Stamford RafflesBritish Statesman and Founder of Singapore Stamford Raffles (1826) 1826 - Stamford Raffles, British statesman and founder of Singapore dies at 44 of apoplexy
1833 - Nicéphore Niépce, French inventor (b. 1765)
1851 - Juanita, Mexican, lynched by California gold diggers
1852 - Johann Baptist Weigl, composer, dies at 69
1859 - Charles Cagniard de la Tour, French physicist (b. 1777)
1862 - Heinrich Georg Bronn, German geologist (b. 1800)
1871 - Cristina di Trivulzio di Belgioioso, Italian princess, dies
1883 - Frederick Scotson Clark, composer, dies at 42
1884 - Victor Masse, composer, dies at 62
1886 - Henry Gerhard, founder (Social-Democratic Union), dies at 57
1887 - August F Pott, German philological (That Personennamen), dies
1894 - Betty Paoli, writer, dies
1904 - Abai Kunanbaiuli, Kazakh poet (b. 1845)
1905 - Carel V Gerritsen, free thinker, dies
1907 - Maria Anna Mahler, Gustav Mahler's eldest daughter, dies at 5
1908 - Jonas Lie, Norwegian author (b. 1833)
1909 - Emil Bohn, composer, dies at 70
1911 - George J Stoney, Irish physicist, dies at 85
1913 - Alfred Lyttelton, cricketer (Eng wk 1880-84 demon lob bowler), dies
1920 - John Shuter, cricketer (scored 28 in only Test for England 1888), dies
1920 - Max Klinger, German graphic artist/painter/sculptor, dies at 63
1925 - Hjalmar Borgstrom, composer, dies at 61
1927 - Albrecht Kossel, German physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1853)
1929 - Henry Lincoln Johnson, Member of 369th regiment (aka Harlem Hell Fighters), first American to receive the Croix de guerre (b. 1897)
1932 - Sasha Cherny, Russian poet (b. 1880)
1935 - Daniel Plooy, Dutch new testament expert, dies at 58
1938 - John McIlwraith, cricketer (Tests for Australia), dies
1941 - Oskar Fried, composer, dies at 69
1944 - William Gillies Whittaker, composer, dies at 67
1945 - John Curtin, 14th Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1885)
1948 - Carole Landis, US actress (1 Million BC, Topper Returns), dies at 29
1948 - G Bernanos, writer, dies at 60
1948 - Peter JM Aalberse, Dutch minister of Labor, dies at 77
1950 - Kenneth Shadrick, Pvt from WV becomes 1st US fatality in Korean War
1950 - Salvatore Giuliano, Sicilian bandit, shot by police
1957 - Charles Sherwood Noble, American-born inventor
1963 - Daniel Ruyneman, composer, dies at 76
1965 - Porfirio Rubirosa, Dominican diplomat and international playboy (b. 1909)
1966 - George de Hevesy, Hungarian chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1885)
1969 - Ben Alexander, dies at 58
1969 - Tom Mboya, Kenyian economics minister, assassinated in Narobi at 65
1969 - Walter Gropius, architect/found (Bauhaus school of design), dies at 86
1969 - Wilhelm Backhaus, German pianist (Rubinstein-1905), dies at 85
1969 - Leo McCarey, American film director (b. 1898)
1975 - Gilda dalla Rizza, Italian soprano (b. 1892)
1979 - Elizabeth Ryan, tennis ace (won 19 Wimbledon titles), dies at 87
1979 - Judson Laire, actor/singer (Papa-Mama), dies at 76
1980 - Archibald James Potter, composer, dies at 61
1981 - Jorge Urrutia Blondel, composer, dies at 75
1983 - Arie Querido, psychiatrist (social psychiatry), dies
1983 - Harry James, swing-era bandleader/trumpet player, dies at 67
1983 - Vaclav Trojan, composer, dies at 76
1985 - Gerard Schmook, Flemish literature historian/custodian, dies at 86
1985 - Jack Robertson, South African cricket spinner (3 Tests v Aust 1935-36), dies
1985 - Marion Byron, actress (Steamboat Bill Jr), dies at 73
1989 - Ernesto Halffter, composer, dies at 84
1990 - Mitch Snyder, homeless advocate, commits suicide by hanging at 46
1991 - Howard Nemerow, US poet laureate (Pulitzer), dies
1991 - Mildred Dunnock, dies at 87
1992 - Georgia Brown, British singer/actress (Love at Stake), dies at 59
1993 - Harrison E Salisbury, US journalist (NY Times), dies at 84
1994 - Ad Gang, Dutch Liberal Party asst sec of state, dies at 67
1995 - Adrienne Keith Cohen, travel editor, dies at 69
1996 - Anne Schumacher Hummert, radio pioneer, dies at 91
1996 - Clyde Wiegand, physicist, dies at 81
1996 - Lorna Young, salesperson, dies at 44
1996 - Erik Wickberg, The Salvation Army general (b. 1904)
1997 - Mrs. Miller, American singer (b. 1907)
1998 - Sid Luckman, American football player (b. 1916)
2001 - Ernie K-Doe, African-American singer (Mother-in-Law), dies of cirrhosis at 65
Baseball Player Ted WilliamsBaseball Player Ted Williams (2002) 2002 - Ted Williams, baseball hall of famer and last player to bat over.400 in a single season (Boston Red Sox) dies at 84
2002 - Katy Jurado, Mexican actress (b. 1924)
2003 - Roman Lyashenko, Russian ice hockey player (b. 1979)
2004 - Hugh Shearer, Prime Minister of Jamaica (b. 1923)
2004 - Rodger Ward, American race car driver (b. 1921)
2005 - James Stockdale, U.S. Navy vice admiral (b. 1923)
2005 - Shirley Goodman, American singer (b. 1936)
2006 - Kenneth Lay, American businessman (b. 1942)
2007 - Régine Crespin, French operatic soprano (b. 1927)
2007 - Kerwin Mathews, American actor (b. 1926)
2007 - George Melly, British jazz & blues musician (b. 1926)
2008 - Hasan Doğan, 37th president of the Turkish Football Federation (b. 1956)
2010 - Bob Probert, Canadian professional ice hockey forward. (b. 1965)
2011 - Cy Twombly, American artist (b. 1928)

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