This Day in History for 5th July

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 203

649 - St Martin I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
767 - Duke of Nepi names his brother (leek) Pope Constantine II
1054 - Brightest supernova (Crab Nebula) 1st reported
1294 - Pietro del Murrone elected as Pope Coelestinus V
1295 - Scotland and France form an alliance, the beginnings of the Auld Alliance, against England.
1436 - German emperor Sigismund signs peace with Hussieten
1450 - Pope Nicolas V names Walraven van Meurs bishop of Munster
1596 - English fleet under the earl of Essex plunder Cadiz
1610 - John Guy sets sail from Bristol with 39 other colonists for Newfoundland.
1626 - Battle at Lenz: Rebel Austrian Boers defeated
1643 - 1st recorded tornado in US (Essex County, Massachusetts)
1687 - Isaac Newton's PRINCIPIA published by Royal Society in England. Outlines his laws of motion and universal gravitation.
Physicist & Mathematician Isaac NewtonPhysicist & Mathematician Isaac Newton 1750 - Slave revolt on Curacao
1770 - Battle of Chesma and Battle of Larga between the Russian Empire and the Ottoman Empire.
1775 - US Congress adopts the Olive Branch Petition.
1791 - Jose Maria Narvaez discovers Point Grey (now Vancouver BC)
1803 - The convention of Artlenburg leads to the French occupation of Hanover (which had been ruled by the British king).
1808 - Battle of Buenos Aires
1809 - -6) Battle of Wagram - Napoleon beats archduke Charles
1811 - Venezuela, 1st South American country to gain independence from Spain
1813 - War of 1812: Three weeks of British raids on Fort Schlosser, Black Rock and Plattsburgh, New York begin.
French Emperor Napoleon BonaparteFrench Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte 1814 - Americans defeat British & Canadians at Chippewa, Ontario
1830 - France invades Algeria, begins a 40 year conquest
1832 - HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin departs Rio de Janeiro
1834 - Provisional government forms in Oregon Country
1841 - Thomas Cook opens 1st travel agency
1843 - Committee of 9 appointed to establish civil government in Oregon Country
1852 - Frederick Douglass, fugitive slave, delivers his 'What to the Slave Is the Fourth of July?' speech to the Ladies' Anti-Slavery Society in Rochester in which he condemns the celebration as a hypocritical sham in a land where slavery still exists
1859 - Capt N C Brooks discovers Midway Islands
Abolitionist Frederick DouglassAbolitionist Frederick Douglass 1861 - Battle of Carthage, MO - US Gen Sigel attacks pro-secessionist
1863 - Battle of Jackson, MS & Battle of Birdsong Ferry, MS
1864 - Battle of Smith's Expedition, MS (Tupelo, Harrisburg)
1865 - Great Britain delegate's world 1st maximum speed laws
1865 - US Secret Service begins operating under the Treasury Department
1871 - Trial against Kiowa chief Satanta (White Bear) & Big Tree, begins
1878 - The coat of arms of the Baku governorate was established.
1884 - German consul-general Gustav Nachtigal takes possession of Cameroon
1884 - US Congress accept 2nd Chinese Exclusion Act
1891 - Hail kills 6 horses in Rapid City, SD
1900 - Compulsory education law passes Dutch 1st Chamber
1902 - Australia won the one & only Test Cricket played at Sheffield
1904 - Giants 18-game winning streak ends as Phillies win 6-5 in 10 inn
1904 - 4th Davis Cup: British Isles beats Belgium in Wimbledon (5-0)
1906 - 23rd Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Dorothea Chambers beats M Bundy (6-3 9-7)
1906 - 30th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Laurence Doherty beats F Riseley (6-4 4-6 6-2 6-3)
1907 - 24th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: May Bundy beats D Chambers (6-1 6-4)
1907 - 31st Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Norman Brookes beats Arthur Gore (6-4 6-2 6-2)
1913 - Queen Wilhelmina meets SDAP-leader Troelstra
1914 - Boston Braves are 15 games back in NL, & win World Series
1914 - Germany offers Austria war aid to fight against Russia in Serbia
1919 - 32nd Wimbledon Womens Tennis: S Lenglen beats Chambers (10-8 4-6 9-7)
Baseball Great Babe RuthBaseball Great Babe Ruth 1919 - Red Sox Babe Ruth hits 2 HRs in a game for his 1st of 72 times
1922 - 1st general election in Netherlands
1922 - Uprising of social righteousness in Rio de Janeiro
1922 - Women 1st vote in Dutch elections, Christian parties win
1924 - Military revolt in Sao Paulo Brazil
1924 - 44th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Jean Borotra beats R Lacoste (6-1 3-6 6-1 3-6 6-4)
1929 - 42nd Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Helen Moody beats Helen Jacobs (6-1 6-2)
1929 - WOWO-AM, Indiana returns to air, 1 day after transmitter burns down
1930 - 50th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Bill Tilden beats W Allison (6-3 9-7 6-4)
1932 - Antonio de Oliveira Salazar becomes premier/dictator of Portugal
1933 - German party Catholic Center disbands
1934 - "Bloody Thursday" - Police open fire on striking longshoremen in San Francisco.
1935 - 1st "Hawaii Calls" radio program is broadcast
1935 - 1st time brothers on opposing teams hit HRs, Tony & Al Cuccunello
1935 - Chicago Cubs are 10½ games back in NL, & go on to win the pennant
32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt 1935 - FDR signs National Labor Relations Act
1935 - 55th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Fred Perry beats G von Cramm (6-2 6-4 6-4)
1936 - 120°F (49°C), Gannvalley, South Dakota (state record)
1937 - 117°F (47°C), Medicine Lake, Montana (state record)
1937 - Chicago Cub Frank Demaree gets 6 hits in 1st game & 2 in 2nd game
1937 - Joe DiMaggio's 1st grand slammer
1937 - Republican offensive by Brunete in Spain
1937 - Spam, the luncheon meat, was introduced into the market by the Hormel Foods Corporation.
1938 - Herb Caen's 1st column in SF Chronicle
1940 - Diplomatic relations broken between Britain & Vichy government in France
Baseball Player Joe DiMaggioBaseball Player Joe DiMaggio 1941 - German occupiers disband political parties
1942 - 1st performance of Heitor Villa-Lobos' Choros 6/9/11
1942 - Ian Fleming graduates from a training school for spies in Canada
1943 - Battle of Gulf of Kula
1943 - Battle of Koersk, USSR begins (6,000 tanks)
1943 - Liberator bombers sink U-535 in Gulf of Biskaye
1943 - US invasion fleet (96 ships) sails to Sicily
1944 - Harry Crosby takes 1st rocket airplane, MX-324, for maiden flight
1945 - Labour Party wins British parliamentary election
1945 - World War II: Liberation of the Philippines declared.
1946 - Louis Reard's bikini swimsuit design debuts at Paris fashion show
Golfer Sam SneadGolfer Sam Snead 1946 - 75th British Golf Open: Sam Snead shoots a 290 at St Andrews
1947 - "Barefoot Boy with Cheek" closes at Martin Beck NYC after 108 perfs
1947 - 54th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Margaret Osborne beat Doris Hart (6-2 6-4)
1947 - Larry Doby signs with Cleveland Indians-1st black player in AL
1948 - Britain's National Health Service Act begins
1949 - NY Giants purchase Monty Irvin & Henry Thompson, their 1st blacks
1950 - Law of Return passes, guarantees all Jews right to live in Israel
1951 - Dodgers sweep the Giants & lead by 7½ games (Giants will win pennant)
Physicist William ShockleyPhysicist William Shockley 1951 - Dr William Shockley invents junction transistor (Murray Hill NJ)
1952 - "Of Thee I Sing" closes at Ziegfeld Theater NYC after 72 performances
1952 - 59th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Maureen Connolly beats L Brough (7-5 6-3)
1953 - Jackie Pung wins LPGA Triangle Round Robin Golf Tournament
1953 - WANC TV channel 21 in Asheville, NC (IND) begins broadcasting

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 220

1321 - Joan of The Tower, Queen consort of Scotland (d. 1362)
1546 - Johann Steuerlein, composer
1586 - Thomas Hooker, Connecticut colonist (d. 1647)
1653 - Thomas Pitt, British Governor of Madras (d. 1726)
1654 - Antonio Maria Pacchioni, composer
1675 - Mary Walcott, American accuser at the Salem witch trials
1717 - Pedro III of Portugal, consort of Maria I of Portugal (d. 1786)
1718 - Francis Seymour-Conway, 1st Marquess of Hertford, Viceroy of Ireland (d. 1794)
1729 - Claudio M da Costa, Brazilian poet
1755 - Sarah Kemble Siddons, Brecon England, tragic actress (Fatal Marriage)
1764 - Janos Lavotta, composer
1775 - William Crotch, composer
1793 - Pavel I Pestel, Russian officer
1794 - Sylvester Graham, developed graham cracker
US Civil War Admiral David FarragutUS Civil War Admiral David Farragut (1801) 1801 - David Farragut, Campbell's Station, Tennessee, US Admiral ("Damn the torpedoes, full speed ahead!")
1805 - Robert Fitz Roy, British naval officer and scientist (d. 1865)
1810 - Phineas Taylor Barnum, Bethel Conn, circus promoter (Barnum & Bailey)
1820 - William John Macquorn Rankine, Scottish engineer and physicist (d. 1872)
1828 - Paul J C Gabriel, painter/water colors painter/etcher
1829 - Ignacio Mariscal, Writer and Mexican diplomat (d. 1910)
1841 - William C. Whitney, American financier (d. 1904)
1843 - Mandell Creighton, English bishop/historian
1847 - Agnes Marie Jacobina Zimmermann, composer
1852 - Stefano Gobatti, composer
1853 - Cecil John Rhodes, South Africa, politician/diamond merchant
1857 - Clara Zetkin, German women's rights advocate/communist
1858 - Maria J "Marie" Bakker, Dutch actress
1860 - Robert Bacon, American politician (d. 1919)
1867 - Andrew Ellicott Douglass, Windsor, VT, USA, American inventor of dendrochronology (tree-ring dating)
1868 - William H Singer, US painter/collector (Singer Museum, Laren)
1872 - Edouard Herriot, French politician (d. 1957)
1874 - Gerhard von Keussler, composer
Nazi Physician Eugen FischerNazi Physician Eugen Fischer (1874) 1874 - Eugen Fischer, Bade Germany, Nazi physician (Kaiser Wilhelm Institute), (d. 1967)
1878 - Joseph Holbrooke, English pianist/conductor/composer
1879 - Wanda Landowska, Warsaw Poland, harpsichordist (Musique Ancienne)
1879 - Dwight Filley Davis, US Sect of War/donated tennis' Davis Cup
1879 - Volkmar Andreae, Swiss conductor/composer (Tonhalle Orchestra)
1880 - Jan Kubelik, composer
1881 - Augustyn Hlond, Polish cardinal
1882 - Inayat Khan, Indian sufi (d. 1927).
1885 - Andre Lhote, French painter/art historian (Traité du paysage)
1886 - Felix Timmermans, Flemish writer/painter/cartoonist (Pallieter)
1886 - Willem Drees, PM of Netherland (PvdA, 1948-58)/Indonesia (AOW)
1889 - Jean Cocteau, France, writer/artist/director (Le Potamak, Orphée)
1890 - Frederick Lewis Allen, American social historian (d. 1954)
1891 - John Northrop, US, biochemist, crystallized enzymes (Nobel 1946)
1891 - Tin Ujević, Croatian poet (d. 1955)
1895 - Gordon Jacob, composer
1897 - Paul Ben-Haim, [Frankenburger], Munich Germany, Israeli composer
1898 - Yip Man, Ving Tsun Sifu and Master of Style (Gung-Gung) (d. 1972)
1899 - Anna Arnold Hedgeman, social activist (NYC cabinet)
1899 - Domingo Santa Cruz Wilson, composer
1899 - Marcel Achard, French screen/playwright (Jean de la Lune)
1900 - Bernardus J Cardinal Alfrink, cardinal of Utrecht Netherlands
1901 - Sergey Obraztsov, Soviet puppet master (d. 1992)
1902 - Frank Waters, writer
1902 - Henry Cabot Lodge, (Sen-R)/ambassador (VP candidate 1960)
1903 - Irwin Fischer, composer
1904 - Don Goddard, Binghamton NY, news anchor (ABC Evening News 1958-59)
1904 - Franz Adolf Syberg, composer
1904 - Harold Acton, English/Italian historian/art collector
1904 - Milburn Stone, Bruton Ks, actor (Doc-Gunsmoke)
1904 - Ernst Mayr, American biologist (d. 2005)
1905 - Isa Miranda, [Ines Sampietro], Italian model/actress (La ronde)
1905 - Jock Cameron, South African cricket keeper (captain)
1905 - Myles Horton, American educator and Civil Rights Movement teacher (d. 1990)
1909 - Andrei Gromyko, USSR, diplomat/USSR President (1985-89) [7/18 NS]
1910 - Robert K Meston, US sociologist (functionalism)
French President Georges PompidouFrench President Georges Pompidou (1911) 1911 - Georges Pompidou, Paris, President/Prime Minister of France (1962-74), (d. 1974)
1913 - Smiley Lewis, Louisiana, vocalist (I Hear You Knockin')
1914 - Jacob Soetendorp, Dutch rabbi
1915 - John Woodruff, American athlete (d. 2007)
1917 - Glenn Reeves, Massillon OH, actor (Defending Your Life)
1918 - George Rochberg, Paterson NJ, composer (Concord Quartet)
1920 - Issachar Miron, composer
1920 - Mary Louise Hancock, American politician and activist
1923 - John McKay, WV, football coach (USC, Tampa Bay, 5X Rose Bowl champ)
1924 - Beverly Tyler, Scranton Pa, actress (Fireball, Lorelei-Big Town)
1924 - Niels Jannasch, Canadian historian and museum curator (d. 2001)
1924 - János Starker, Hungarian cellist, (d. 2013)
1926 - Haya van Someren-Downer, 2nd Member of parliament (Dutch Lib Party)
1926 - Kenneth Gaburo, composer
1927 - W M Diggelmann, writer
1928 - Warren Oates, Depoy Ky, actor (East of Eden, Stoney Burke)
1928 - Pierre Mauroy, French politician (Prime Minister, 1981-4), (d. 2013)
1929 - Graham Anthony Richard Lock, cricketer
1929 - Katherine Helmond, Galveston Tx, actress (Soap, Mona-Who's the Boss)
1929 - Mary Maxwell Gates, philanthropist/mother of Bill Gates
1929 - Tony Lock, cricketer (highly successful England slow lefty bowler)
1930 - Tommy Cook, Duluth MN, actor (Missile to the Moon)
1930 - Yutaka Makino, composer
1931 - James "Jimmy the Gent" Burke, criminal
1932 - Edgar Louis Vanderstegen Millington Drake, painter
1932 - Billy Laughlin, American actor (d. 1948)
1932 - Gyula Horn, Hungarian prime minister (1994-8), (d. 2013)
1933 - Terence Cooper, Northern Ireland, actor (Casino Royale)
1935 - Edward McInnes, German scholar
1935 - John Gilmore, American true crime author
1936 - Shirley Knight, Goessei Kansas, actress (Endless Love, Secrets)
1936 - James Mirrlees, Scottish economist, Nobel Prize laureate

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 9 of 9

1911 - "Anne of Green Gables" author Lucy Maud Montgomery (36) weds Ewen MacDonald in Prince Edward Island, Canada
Foreign Minister of the German Reich Joachim von RibbentropForeign Minister of the German Reich Joachim von Ribbentrop (1920) 1920 - Foreign Minister of the German Reich Joachim von Ribbentrop (27) weds Anna Elisabeth Henkell
1943 - Actress Betty Grable (26) weds big band leader Harry James (27)
1980 - Actress Raquel Welch (39) weds producer André Weinfeld
2002 - "Smallville" actor Tom Welling (25) weds model Jamie White in Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts
2003 - TV personality Debbie Matenopoulos (28) weds Lions Gate Entertainment president Jay Faires at St. Sophia Greek Orthodox Cathedral in Los Angeles, California
2003 - "Dawson's Creek" actor James Van Der Beek (26) weds actress Heather Ann McComb (26) at Saddlerock Ranch in Malibu, California
2003 - Actress Elizabeth Banks (29) weds sportswriter and producer Max Handelman (30) at the Greystone Mansion in Beverly Hills
Actress Elizabeth BanksActress Elizabeth Banks (2003) 2008 - "The Bachelor" TV personality Andrew Firestone (32) weds Serbian model and actress Ivana Bozilovic (30) at St Mark's in the Valley Episcopal Church in Los Olivos, California

Famous Divorces

Divorces 1 - 2 of 2

Singer/Actor Frank SinatraSinger/Actor Frank Sinatra (1957) 1957 - Singer/actor Frank Sinatra and movie star Ava Gardner divorce after 6 years of marriage
2007 - Burlesque dancer Dita Von Teese (34) divorces rocker Marilyn Manson (38) due to irreconcilable differences after a year of marriage

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 96 of 96

1316 - Infante Ferdinand of Majorca (b. 1278)
1375 - Charles III of Alençon, French archbishop (b. 1337)
1472 - Charles of Artois, Count of Eu, French military leader (b. 1394)
1539 - Antonio M Zaccaria, Italian physician/saint, dies
1626 - Stephan Fadinger, Austrian boer leader, dies in battle
1666 - Albert VI of Bavaria (b. 1584)
1676 - Carl Gustaf Wrangel, Swedish soldier (b. 1613)
1681 - Fjodor Aleksejevitsj, tsar of Russia, dies
1715 - Charles Ancillon, French Huguenot pastor (b. 1659)
1719 - Meinhardt Schomberg, 3rd Duke of Schomberg, Irish general (b. 1641)
1773 - Francisco José Freire, Portuguese historian and philologist (b. 1719)
1803 - William Jackson, composer, dies at 73
British Statesman and Founder of Singapore Stamford RafflesBritish Statesman and Founder of Singapore Stamford Raffles (1826) 1826 - Stamford Raffles, British statesman and founder of Singapore dies at 44 of apoplexy
1833 - Nicéphore Niépce, French inventor (b. 1765)
1851 - Juanita, Mexican, lynched by California gold diggers
1852 - Johann Baptist Weigl, composer, dies at 69
1859 - Charles Cagniard de la Tour, French physicist (b. 1777)
1862 - Heinrich Georg Bronn, German geologist (b. 1800)
1871 - Cristina di Trivulzio di Belgioioso, Italian princess, dies
1883 - Frederick Scotson Clark, composer, dies at 42
1884 - Victor Masse, composer, dies at 62
1886 - Henry Gerhard, founder (Social-Democratic Union), dies at 57
1887 - August F Pott, German philological (That Personennamen), dies
1894 - Betty Paoli, writer, dies
1904 - Abai Kunanbaiuli, Kazakh poet (b. 1845)
1905 - Carel V Gerritsen, free thinker, dies
1907 - Maria Anna Mahler, Gustav Mahler's eldest daughter, dies at 5
1908 - Jonas Lie, Norwegian author (b. 1833)
1909 - Emil Bohn, composer, dies at 70
1911 - George J Stoney, Irish physicist, dies at 85
1913 - Alfred Lyttelton, cricketer (Eng wk 1880-84 demon lob bowler), dies
1920 - John Shuter, cricketer (scored 28 in only Test for England 1888), dies
1920 - Max Klinger, German graphic artist/painter/sculptor, dies at 63
1925 - Hjalmar Borgstrom, composer, dies at 61
1927 - Albrecht Kossel, German physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1853)
1929 - Henry Lincoln Johnson, Member of 369th regiment (aka Harlem Hell Fighters), first American to receive the Croix de guerre (b. 1897)
1932 - Sasha Cherny, Russian poet (b. 1880)
1935 - Daniel Plooy, Dutch new testament expert, dies at 58
1938 - John McIlwraith, cricketer (Tests for Australia), dies
1941 - Oskar Fried, composer, dies at 69
1944 - William Gillies Whittaker, composer, dies at 67
1945 - John Curtin, 14th Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1885)
1948 - Carole Landis, US actress (1 Million BC, Topper Returns), dies at 29
1948 - G Bernanos, writer, dies at 60
1948 - Peter JM Aalberse, Dutch minister of Labor, dies at 77
1950 - Kenneth Shadrick, Pvt from WV becomes 1st US fatality in Korean War
1950 - Salvatore Giuliano, Sicilian bandit, shot by police
1957 - Charles Sherwood Noble, American-born inventor
1963 - Daniel Ruyneman, composer, dies at 76
1965 - Porfirio Rubirosa, Dominican diplomat and international playboy (b. 1909)
1966 - George de Hevesy, Hungarian chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1885)
1969 - Ben Alexander, dies at 58
1969 - Tom Mboya, Kenyian economics minister, assassinated in Narobi at 65
1969 - Walter Gropius, architect/found (Bauhaus school of design), dies at 86
1969 - Wilhelm Backhaus, German pianist (Rubinstein-1905), dies at 85
1969 - Leo McCarey, American film director (b. 1898)
1975 - Gilda dalla Rizza, Italian soprano (b. 1892)
1979 - Elizabeth Ryan, tennis ace (won 19 Wimbledon titles), dies at 87
1979 - Judson Laire, actor/singer (Papa-Mama), dies at 76
1980 - Archibald James Potter, composer, dies at 61
1981 - Jorge Urrutia Blondel, composer, dies at 75
1983 - Arie Querido, psychiatrist (social psychiatry), dies
1983 - Harry James, swing-era bandleader/trumpet player, dies at 67
1983 - Vaclav Trojan, composer, dies at 76
1985 - Gerard Schmook, Flemish literature historian/custodian, dies at 86
1985 - Jack Robertson, South African cricket spinner (3 Tests v Aust 1935-36), dies
1985 - Marion Byron, actress (Steamboat Bill Jr), dies at 73
1989 - Ernesto Halffter, composer, dies at 84
1990 - Mitch Snyder, homeless advocate, commits suicide by hanging at 46
1991 - Howard Nemerow, US poet laureate (Pulitzer), dies
1991 - Mildred Dunnock, dies at 87
1992 - Georgia Brown, British singer/actress (Love at Stake), dies at 59
1993 - Harrison E Salisbury, US journalist (NY Times), dies at 84
1994 - Ad Gang, Dutch Liberal Party asst sec of state, dies at 67
1995 - Adrienne Keith Cohen, travel editor, dies at 69
1996 - Anne Schumacher Hummert, radio pioneer, dies at 91
1996 - Clyde Wiegand, physicist, dies at 81
1996 - Lorna Young, salesperson, dies at 44
1996 - Erik Wickberg, The Salvation Army general (b. 1904)
1997 - Mrs. Miller, American singer (b. 1907)
1998 - Sid Luckman, American football player (b. 1916)
2001 - Ernie K-Doe, African-American singer (Mother-in-Law), dies of cirrhosis at 65
Baseball Player Ted WilliamsBaseball Player Ted Williams (2002) 2002 - Ted Williams, baseball hall of famer and last player to bat over.400 in a single season (Boston Red Sox) dies at 84
2002 - Katy Jurado, Mexican actress (b. 1924)
2003 - Roman Lyashenko, Russian ice hockey player (b. 1979)
2004 - Hugh Shearer, Prime Minister of Jamaica (b. 1923)
2004 - Rodger Ward, American race car driver (b. 1921)
2005 - James Stockdale, U.S. Navy vice admiral (b. 1923)
2005 - Shirley Goodman, American singer (b. 1936)
2006 - Kenneth Lay, American businessman (b. 1942)
2007 - Régine Crespin, French operatic soprano (b. 1927)
2007 - Kerwin Mathews, American actor (b. 1926)
2007 - George Melly, British jazz & blues musician (b. 1926)
2008 - Hasan Doğan, 37th president of the Turkish Football Federation (b. 1956)
2010 - Bob Probert, Canadian professional ice hockey forward. (b. 1965)
2011 - Cy Twombly, American artist (b. 1928)

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