This Day in History for 1st June

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 264

4000 BC - Approximate domestication of the horse in the Eurasian steppes near Dereivka, central Ukraine (hypothesis only)
193 - Roman Emperor Didius Julianus is assassinated.
794 - Charles the Great opens general synod in Frankfurt
1204 - King Philip Augustus of France conquers Rouen.
1215 - Beijing, then under the control of the Jurchen ruler Emperor Xuanzong of Jin, is captured by the Mongols under Genghis Khan, ending the Battle of Beijing.
1283 - Albrecht I van Habsburg becomes ruler of Austrian/Bull market
1283 - Treaty of Rheinfelden: Duke Rudolph II of Austria waives his right to the Duchies of Austria and Styria.
1459 - Pope Pius II opens congress of Mantua
1485 - Matthias of Hungary takes Vienna from Frederick III
1495 - 1st written record of Scotch Whiskey appears in Exchequer Rolls of Scotland, Friar John Cor is the distiller
1526 - Parliament of Spiers: Lutheran monarchy freed of their belief
1533 - Anne Boleyn crowned queen of England
1562 - Emperor Ferdinand & Sultan Suleiman signs treaty
1568 - Duke of Alva oversees beheading of 18 nobles in Brussels as part of Council of Troubles/Council of Blood
1608 - Valse Dimitri forms his 2nd Russian anti-government
1638 - 1st earthquake recorded in US, at Plymouth, Mass
1641 - France & Portugal sign anti-Spanish covenant
1649 - Czar Aleksei throws out English merchants from Moscow
1657 - 1st Quakers arrives in New Amsterdam (NY)
1660 - Mary Dyer is hanged for defying a law banning Quakers from the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
King Charles IIKing Charles II 1670 - English King Charles II & French King Louis XIV sign anti-Dutch treaty
1679 - The Scottish Covenanters defeat John Graham of Claverhouse at the Battle of Drumclog.
1746 - French troops conquer Antwerp
1774 - Boston Port Bill: British government orders Port of Boston closed
1789 - 1st US congressional act becomes law (on administering oaths)
1792 - Kentucky admitted as 15th US state
1794 - Glorious First of June; first naval battle between Britain (under Admiral Lord Howe) and France (Vice-Admiral Louis Thomas Villaret de Joyeuse) during French Revolutionary Wars. Britain gains tactical win.
1796 - Last of Britain's troops withdraws from US
1796 - Tennessee admitted as 16th US state
1808 - 1st US land-grant university founded-Ohio Univ, Athens, Ohio
1809 - Allardyce Barclay begins a bet of walking 1 mile every hour for 1,000 hours. Each hour he walked a mile round trip from his home
1813 - Capt John Lawrence utters Navy motto "Don't give up the ship"
1815 - Napoleon swears fidelity to the Constitution of France.
1834 - HMS Beagle for anchor in Port Famine, Magallanes Street
1835 - 6th national black convention (Phila)
Naturalist Charles DarwinNaturalist Charles Darwin 1836 - Charles Darwin returns to Capetown
1843 - It snows in Buffalo & Rochester NY & Cleveland Ohio
1843 - Sojourner Truth leaves NY to begin her career as antislavery activist
1845 - Homing pigeon completes 11,000 km trip (Namibia-London) in 55 days
1855 - US adventurer Wm Walker conquers Nicaragua, reestablishes slavery
1857 - Charles Baudelaire's Fleurs du mal is published.
1861 - 1st skirmish in Civil War, Fairfax Court House, Va
1861 - British territorial waters & ports off-limits during Civil War
1861 - Skirmish at Arlington Mills, VA
1861 - US & Confederacy simultaneously stop mail interchange
1862 - 2nd/last day of battle at Fair Oaks/7 Pines Va (11,165 casualties)
1862 - Gen Lee assumes command after Joe Johnston is injured at 7 Pines
1862 - Slavery abolished in all US possessions
1864 - -Nov] Shenandoah Valley campaign
1864 - Battle of Cold Harbor, VA (Gaines' Mill, Gaines' Farm)
Abolitionist and Women's Rights Advocate Sojourner TruthAbolitionist and Women's Rights Advocate Sojourner Truth 1864 - Confederate cruiser The Georgia sold to The English
1866 - General Dutch Typographer Union forms
1866 - Renegade Irish Fenians invade Ft Erie Ontario from US
1868 - Texas constitutional convention meets in Austin
1868 - Treaty of Bosque Redondo is signed allowing the Navajos to return to their lands in Arizona and New Mexico.
1869 - Voting machine patented (Thomas A Edison)
1872 - 6th Belmont: James Roe aboard Joe Daniels wins in 2:58.25
1877 - Society of American Artists forms
1877 - US troops authorized to pursue bandits into Mexico
1879 - Napoleon Eugene, the last dynastic Bonaparte, is killed in the Anglo-Zulu War.
1880 - 1st pay telephone installed
1880 - US census at 50,155,783
1881 - Bell Phone opens 1st Dutch telephone exchange
1886 - The railroads of the Southern United States convert 11,000 miles of track from a five foot rail gauge to standard gauge, beginning May 31.
1888 - California gets its 1st seismograph
1890 - US census at 62,622,250
1893 - Opera "Falstaff" is produced (Berlin)
1898 - Trans-Mississippi International Exposition opens in Omaha
1899 - Cricket test debut of Wilfred Rhodes & Victor Trumper in Grace's last
1900 - British army occupiers Pretoria South-Africa
1902 - Blue-White United soccer team of Amsterdam forms
1905 - Lewis & Clark Centennial Exposition opens in Portland, Oregon
1907 - -27°F (-33°C), Sarmiento, Argentina (South American record)
1908 - John Krohn begins walk around perimeter of US, which took 357 days
1909 - Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition opens in Seattle
1910 - SC Enschede soccer team forms in Enschede
1911 - 1st US group insurance policy written, Passaic, NJ
1912 - Stormvogels soccer team forms in Ijmuiden
1915 - 1st Zeppelin air raid over England
1916 - German attack on Fort Vaux, Verdun
1917 - Hank Gowdy is 1st baseball player to enlist during WW I
1918 - Excelsior Maassluis soccer team forms in Maassluis
1918 - White Sox losing 5-4 against NY Yankees, load the bases in 9th with no outs Chick Gandil lines to Frank Baker who turns a triple play
1919 - Rhineland Republic forms in Wiesbaden
1920 - RKSV Volendam soccer team forms in Volendam
1920 - Adolfo de la Huerta becomes president of Mexico.
1921 - Race riot in Tulsa Oklahoma (21 whites & 60 blacks killed)
1922 - Royal Ulster Constabulary is founded.
1923 - NY Giants beat Phillies, 22-5, Giants score in every inning
1925 - Lou Gehrig replaces Wally Pipp (1st of record 2130 consec games)
1926 - Ignacy Mocicki elected president of Poland
1927 - Peace Bridge between US & Canada opens
1930 - 6th French Mens Tennis: Henri Cochet beats Bill Tilden (36 86 63 61)
1930 - 6th French Womens Tennis: Helen Moody beats Helen Jacobs (6-2 6-1)
1930 - Alphense Boys soccer team forms in Alphen on Rhine
1930 - Bradman scores cricket 191 Australia v Hampshire, 240 mins, 26 fours
1931 - Rozenburg soccer team forms in Rozenburg
1932 - Lunteren soccer team forms in Lunteren
1933 - Century of Progress world's fair opens in Chicago
1934 - AFC '34 soccer team forms in Alkmaar

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 206

1076 - Mstislav I of Kiev (d. 1132)
1300 - Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk, son of Edward I of England (d. 1338)
1480 - Tiedemann Giese, Polish Catholic bishop (d. 1550)
1503 - Wilhelm von Grumbach, German lt col
1549 - Allesandre Spontone, composer
1563 - Robert Cecil, Earl of Salisbury, English prime minister (1598-1612)
1611 - Felician Schwab, composer
1633 - Geminiano Montanari, Italian astronomer (d. 1687)
1653 - Georg Muffat, composer
1675 - Francesco Scipione, marchese di Maffei, Italian archaeologist (d. 1755)
1679 - Johan Runius, Swedish poet (Dudaim)
1755 - Frederico Fiorillo, Ital's violist/composer
1757 - Ignaz J Pleyel, Austria composer/piano builder (Piano method)
1762 - Edmund Ignatius Rice, Irish founder of the Christian Brothers and Presentation Brothers (d. 1844)
1763 - Christian Gottlob Saupe, composer
1765 - Christiane Vulpius, wife of Johann W von Goethe
1765 - Friedrich Ludwig Seidel, composer
1769 - Joseph Antoni Frantiszek Elsner, composer
1771 - Ferdinando Paer, composer
1776 - John George Schetky, composer
1790 - Salomon J Rappoport, Czech rabbi/learned (Ereg miliem)
1790 - Ferdinand Raimund, Austrian playwright (d. 1836)
1796 - Nicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot, French mathematician (d. 1832)
1800 - Edward Deas Thomson, Australian politician (d. 1879)
1801 - Brigham Young, painter/religious leader (Mormon church)/polygamist
1803 - Mikhail I Glinka, Russian composer [OS=May 20]
1804 - Mikhail Ivan Glinka, Novosspaskoye Russia, composer (Jota Aragonesa)
1806 - John Buchanan Floyd, Ex-Sect of War (Union), died in 1863
1815 - Otto of Greece (d. 1862)
1825 - John Hunt Morgan, Brigadier General (Confederate cavalry commander)
1826 - Carl Bechstein, German piano inventor
1826 - Hermann Zopff, composer
1831 - John Bell Hood, Gen (Confederate Army), died in 1879
1833 - John Marshall Harlan, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1911)
1843 - Henry Faulds, Scottish fingerprinting pioneer (d. 1930)
1844 - Galusha Pennypacker, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1916
1844 - John J. Toffey, American Civil War hero (d. 1911)
1848 - Otto Valdemar Malling, composer
1858 - William W Campbell, Canadian poet (Beyond the Hills of Dream)
1862 - Antonio JdC Feijo, Portuguese diplomat/poet (Bailatas)
1878 - John Masefield, England, 15th poet laureate (Salt-Water Ballads)
1881 - Charles Kay Ogden, English writer and linguist (d. 1957)
1882 - John Drinkwater, English poet/playwright (Abraham Lincoln)
1886 - Ernst Kurth, Austrian/Swiss musicologist
1887 - Clive Brook, London England, actor/director (List of Adrian Messenger)
1890 - Frank Morgan, [Francis P Wupperman], NYC, actor (Wizard of Oz), (d. 1949)
1892 - Amanullah, emir/king of Afghanistan (1919-28)
1892 - Samuel L M Barlow, composer
1898 - Curtis Stevens, US, 2 man bobsled (Olympic-gold-1932)
1898 - Edgar "Cookie" Fairchild, NYC, bandleader (Jerry Colonna Show)
1898 - Lieb Glantz, composer
1898 - Molly Picon, NYC, Yiddish actress (Milk & Honey)
1899 - Werner Janssen, NYC, conductor/composer (New Years Eve in NY)
1899 - Edward Charles Titchmarsh, English mathematician (d. 1963)
1901 - John W Van Duren, playwright (I Remember Mama)
1901 - John Van Druten, English screen writer (d. 1957)
1901 - Hap Day, Canadian hockey player and manager (d. 1990)
1903 - Percy William Whitlock, composer
1903 - Blessed Vasyl Velychkovsky C.Ss.R Bishop and Martyr (d. 1973)
1905 - Dinora de Carvalho, composer
1905 - Robert Newton, England, actor (Henry V, Around the World in 80 Days)
1907 - Frank A Whittle, England inventor (jet engine)
1908 - Percy Edwards, animal imitator
1909 - Szymon Goldberg, Polish/US violinist/conductor (Neth Chamber orch)
1909 - Hans Vogt, Norwegian linguist (d. 1986)
1911 - Gertrude Michael, AL, actress (Cleopatra, Menace, Club Havana)
1913 - Bill Deedes, British journalist (d. 2007)
1915 - John Randolph, NYC, actor (King Kong, Lucan, Lucas Tanner, Angie)
1917 - William S. Knowles, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate, (d. 2012)
1919 - Boris Lazarevich Klyuzner, composer
1921 - Nelson Riddle, Oradell NJ, musical conductor (Batman, Frank Sinatra)
1922 - Abdul Rashid, Pakistan, field hockey player (Olympic-gold-1960)
1922 - Joan Caulfield, East Orange NJ, actress (Liz-My Favorite Husband)
1922 - Joan Copeland, [Miller], NYC, actress (Roseland, A Little Sex)
1922 - Povel Ramel, Swedish entertainer (d. 2007)
1924 - Paula Hinton, dancer
1924 - William Sloane Coffin, American clergyman (d. 2006)
1925 - Richard Erdman, Enid Ok, actor (Stalag 17, Anything Goes)
1925 - Dilia Díaz Cisneros, Venezuelan teacher
1926 - Andy Griffith, Mount Airy NC, actor (Andy Griffith Show, Matlock), (d. 2012)
Actress Marilyn MonroeActress Marilyn Monroe (1926) 1926 - Marilyn Monroe, [Norma Jean Mortenson], LA, actress (Some Like It Hot)
1928 - Bob Monkhouse, Kent England, comedian (Bonkers)
1928 - Georgi Timofeyevich Dobrovolsky, Odessa, cosmonaut (Soyuz 11)
1929 - Yehudi Wyner, composer
1930 - Edward Woodward, Croydon England, actor (Breaker Morant, Wickerman)
1930 - Matt Poore, cricketer (NZ batsman in 14 tests 1953-56 average 15.43)
1930 - John Lemmon, English logician (d. 1966)
1932 - Francis Cameron, cricketer (NZ pace bowler took 61 wickets 1961-65)
1932 - Philo [Rolf] Bregstein, Dutch writer (Dingen die niet Voorbijgaan)
1933 - Alan "the Horse" Ameche, Wisc, NFL fullback (Baltimore Colts)
1933 - Charles Wilson, (Rep-D-TX, 1973- )
1933 - Ian Sinclair, cricketer (2 Tests NZ v WI 1956, bowling average 120.00)
1934 - Pat Boone, Florida, singer/actor (April Love, Cross & Switchblade)
1934 - Peter Masterson, Houston Texas, actor (Ambush Bay)
1934 - Sylvia Syms, London, actress (Asylum, Moonraker, Shirley Valentine)
1934 - Willy Roggeman, Flemish writer (Goldfish, Nardis)
1935 - James George, US, weightlifter (Olympic-silver-1960/bronze-1956)
1935 - John Edward Porter, (Rep-R-IL, 1980- )
1935 - Reverend Ike, SC, evangelist minister (Joy of Living)
1935 - Reverend Ike, American televangelist

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 11 of 11

1889 - Architect Frank Lloyd Wright (21) weds socialite Catherine Tobin
1896 - Irish playwright George Bernard Shaw (41) marries Charlotte Frances Payne-Townshend (41)in Covent Garden, London.
1933 - Charlie Chaplin (44) weds Paulette Goddard (22)
1941 - Actress Gene Tierney (20) weds fashion designer Oleg Cassini (28)
1949 - Lucille Ball & Desi Arnaz wed for the second time
1997 - Grammy Award-winning singer Kenny Rogers (59) weds Wanda Miller (31) at his ranch in Athens, Georgia
2005 - "The White Stripes" guitarist, pianist and lead vocalist Jack White (29) weds British model Karen Elson (26) in Manaus, Brazil
2005 - "The Amazing Race 7" executive assistant Alex Ali and Lynn Warren in Ottawa, Canada
2006 - Korean "My Sassy Girl" actor-singer Cha Tae-Hyun (30) weds pop lyricist Choi Suk-eun at the Sheraton Grande Walkerhill Hotel in Seoul City
2007 - Legendary crooner Tony Bennett (80) weds his longtime girlfriend Susan Crow (47) in New York City
2013 - Singer Diana DeGarmo (26) weds singer Ace Young (33) at the Luxe Sunset Boulevard hotel in Los Angeles

Famous Divorces

Divorces 1 - 3 of 3

1989 - Robin Givens & Mike Tyson granted final divorce in NJ
1991 - Roseanne Arnold & Tom Arnold wed again, they divorced later
1994 - Guns n Roses drummer Matthew Sorum files to divorce Kai

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 115

195 BC - Gaozu of Han of China
193 - Didius Julianus, ship owner/emperor of Rome (193), murdered at 61
1191 - Philips van de Elzas, count of Vlanderen, dies
1340 - Jan III van Diest, bishop of Utrecht (1322-40), dies
1434 - Władysław II Jagiełło , King of Lithuania and later also Poland, dies (b.1351)
1568 - Duke of Alva and authority of Council of Troubles behead 18 nobles in Brussels for treason and heresy
1568 - Gijsbert van Bronkhorst-Batenburg, calvinist leader, beheaded
1571 - John Story, English Catholic
1616 - Tokugawa Ieyasu (b. 1543)
1625 - Honoré d'Urfé, French writer (b. 1568)
1639 - Melchior Franck, German composer
1660 - Mary Dyer, English Quaker (martyred)
1676 - Creutz, Swedish admiral (Öland), dies in battle
1676 - Uggla, Swedish admiral (Öland), dies in battle
1710 - David Mitchell, British admiral (b. 1642)
1713 - Johan Runius, Swedish poet (Dudaim), dies at 34
1729 - Matthaeus de Cock, gov-gen of Neth Indies (1725-29), dies at about 65
1740 - Samuel Werenfels, Swiss theologian (b. 1657)
1763 - Johann Caspar Vogler, composer, dies at 67
1769 - Edward Holyoke, President of Harvard University (b. 1689)
1795 - Pierre-Joseph Desault, French anatomist (b. 1744)
1810 - Johann Paul Wessely, composer, dies at 47
1815 - Louis Alexandre Berthier, French marshal (b. 1853)
1823 - Louis Nicholas Davout, French fieldmarshal, dies at 53
1826 - Jean Frédéric Oberlin, Alsatian pastor (b. 1740)
1830 - Sahajanand Swami, believed to be an incarnation of god by his followers, leaves his mortal body. (b. 1781)
1841 - David Wilkie, Scottish artist (b. 1785)
1846 - Gregory XVI, [Bartolomeo A Cappellari]/Mauro, Pope dies at 80
1861 - John Q Marr, US Confederate captain, dies in battle at Fairfax Courthouse, the first Confederate death of the war
1864 - Solomon George Washington Dill, poor white ally of blacks, assassinated in his home by white terrorists in SC
1864 - Hong Xiuquan, Chinese rebel (b. 1812)
US President James BuchananUS President James Buchanan (1868) 1868 - James Buchanan, 15th US president (1857-61), dies at 77
1873 - Joseph Howe, Canadian politician (b. 1804)
1876 - Christo Botew, writer, dies
1909 - Giuseppe Martucci, composer, dies at 53
1910 - Francis S Haden, English surgeon/graphic artist, dies at 91
1918 - Friedrich Richard Faltin, composer, dies at 83
1918 - Jaroslav Novotny, composer, dies at 32
1922 - Frank Walters, cricketer (Test for Australia 1885, scored 7 & 5), dies
1926 - Vasily Mikhaylovich Metallov, composer, dies at 64
1927 - J. B. Bury, Irish historian (b. 1861)
1935 - Alberto Cametti, composer, dies at 64
1941 - Hugh S Walpole, British writer (Killer & the Slain), dies
1942 - Ernest Pingoud, composer, dies at 53
1942 - Vladislav Vancura, Czech physician/resistance fighter, executed at 50
1943 - Leslie Howard, actor (Romeo & Juliet), Nazis shot down his plane at 50
1943 - Wilfrid B. Israel, Jewish activist
1946 - Ion Antonescu, fascist premier/dictator of Romania, executed
1948 - Sonny Boy Williamson, [John Lee], blues player, dies at 34
1948 - Alex Gard, Russian-born caricaturist (b. 1900)
1951 - Rafael Altamira Crevea, Spanish lawyer/historian, dies at 85
Philosopher, Psychologist, Writer John DeweyPhilosopher, Psychologist, Writer John Dewey (1952) 1952 - John Dewey, US philosopher (Common Faith), dies at 92
1954 - Martin Andersen Nexø, Danish writer (b. 1869)
1955 - F Melius Christiansen, composer, dies at 84
1955 - Theo Frenkel, actor (Footlights, Hague's Comedy), dies
1959 - Sax Rohmer, English author (b. 1883)
1960 - Lester Patrick, NHL coach/star, dies at 76
1960 - Paula Hitler, sister of Adolf Hitler. (b. 1896)
1964 - Rutkowski Bronislaw, composer, dies at 66
1966 - Papa Jack Laine, American musician (b. 1873)
1968 - Helen Keller, blind & deaf/author (Let us Have Faith), dies at 87
1968 - [Johan] Erik Lindegren, Swedish poet/interpreter, dies at 57
1969 - Ivar Ballangrud, Norwegian ice skater (b. 1904)
1970 - G Ungaretti, writer, dies at 82
1971 - Reinhold Niebuhr, American theologist (Nature & Destiny of Man), dies at 78
1973 - Harvey S Firestone Jr, US tire manufacturer, dies at 75
Theologian, Ethicist, Magazine Editor Reinhold NiebuhrTheologian, Ethicist, Magazine Editor Reinhold Niebuhr (1971) 1973 - Mary Kornman, actress (Desert Trail, Swing it Professor), dies at 57
1973 - Walter Greaza, actor (Leonard-Martin Kane, Treasury Men), dies at 76
1975 - Steve Prefontaine, 5K (Olympics-4-1972), dies at 25
1976 - Pieter Balledux, actor/stage manager/resistance fighter, dies at 89
1979 - Jack Mulhall, actor (Buck Rogers, Held for Ransom), dies at 91
1979 - Werner Forssman, German urologist (Nobel 1956), dies
1980 - [Richard] Rube Marquard, US baseball pitcher, dies at 90
1980 - Arthur Nielsen, American market analyst (b. 1897)
1981 - Carl Vinson, (Rep-D-Ga, 1914-64), dies at 97
1981 - Naim Chadir, PLO-representative in Brussels, murdered
1982 - Hendrik Algra, Newspaper publisher/Dutch MP (ARP), dies
1983 - Anna Seghers, writer, dies at 82
1983 - Charles Tham, of Saxon-Coburg-Gotha, count of Flanders/Prince, dies
1985 - Richard Greene, actor (Adv of Robin Hood), dies at 67
1986 - Jo Gartner, Austrian racing driver (d. 1958)
1987 - Errol W Barrow, PM of Barbados (1961-76), dies at 67
1987 - Rashid Karami, 10 time premier of Lebanon, dies in bomb attack at 65
1990 - Eric Barker, actor/writer (Carry on Sergeant, Roommates), dies
1991 - David Ruffin, vocalist (Temptations), dies of drug overdose at 50
1992 - Howard Ralston, actor (Pollyana), dies
1992 - Louise Hoff, entertainer, dies at 69
1992 - Michael King, actor (Lonely are the Brave), dies at 69
1994 - Frances Heflin, actress (Mona Tyler-All My Children), dies at 70
1994 - Juan J H Rovira, Spanish general, murdered
1994 - Willem C L "Wim" van der Grinten, lawyer/KVP-politician, dies at 80
1995 - Prudence Hyman, dancer, dies at 80
1995 - Ronald Anthony "Tony" Clegg, property trader, dies at 58
1996 - Don Grolnick, jazz musician, dies at 48
1996 - Fernand Schokweiler, judge, dies at 60
1996 - Neelam Sanjiva Reddy, president of India, dies at 83
1996 - Ray Combs, TV host (Family Feud), commits suicide at 40
1996 - Robert Arthur Hughes, missionary/surgeon, dies at 85
1996 - Stephen Jones, art historian, dies at 41
1997 - Nikolai Tikhonov, Soviet PM (1980-85), dies at 92

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