This Day in History for 10th March

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 170

241 BC - First Punic War: Battle of the Aegates Islands - The Romans sink the Carthaginian fleet bringing the First Punic War to an end.
418 - Jews are excluded from public office in the Roman Empire
1535 - Bishop Tomés de Berlanga discovers Galapagos Islands
1578 - Queen Elizabeth I gives Johan Casimir £20,000 to aid Dutch rebellion
1624 - England declares war on Spain
1629 - King Charles I dissolved Parliament; he recalled it 11 years later
1661 - French King Louis XIV ends office of premier
1697 - Tsar Peter the Great begins a tour of Western Europe
1734 - Spanish army under Don Carlos (III) draws into Naples
1735 - An agreement between Nadir Shah and Paul I of Russia is signed near Ganja and Russian troops are withdrawn from Baku.
1762 - French Huguenot Jean Calas, who was wrongly convicted of killing his son, dies after being tortured by authorities; the event inspired Voltaire to begin a campaign for religious tolerance and legal reform
1783 - USS Alliance under Captain Barry fights and wins last naval battle of US Revolutionary War off Cape Canaveral
1789 - Franklin College founded
French Enlightenment Philosopher VoltaireFrench Enlightenment Philosopher Voltaire 1791 - John Stone, Concord, Mass, patents a pile driver
1791 - Pope condemns France's Civil Constitution of the clergy
1801 - First census in Great Britain
1830 - The KNIL also known as the Royal Netherlands East Indies Army is created.
1831 - The French Foreign Legion is established by King Louis-Philippe to support his war in Algeria.
1847 - 1st money minted in Hawaii
1849 - Abraham Lincoln applies for a patent (the US president to do so) for a device to lift a boat over shoals and obstructions
1861 - El Hadj Umar Tall seizes the city of Segou, destroying the Bambara Empire of Mali.
1862 - Great Britain & France recognise independence of Zanzibar
1862 - US issues 1st paper money ($5, $10, $20, $50, $100, $500 & $1000)
US President Abraham LincolnUS President Abraham Lincoln 1864 - Grant is named commander of the Union armies
1864 - Red River campaign LA
1865 - Battle of Monroe's Crossroads, NC
1874 - Purdue University (Indiana) admits its 1st student
1876 - 1st telephone call made (Alexander Graham Bell to Thomas Watson)
1880 - General Wolseley opens new legislative council in Pretoria
1880 - Salvation Army of England sets up US welfare & religious activity
1888 - 1st performance of Caesar Franck's "Psyche"
1888 - HW Boxing champ John L Sullivan draws Charlie Mitchell in 30 rounds
1891 - Almon Strowger, an undertaker in Topeka, Kansas, patents the strowger switch, a device which led to the automation of telephone circuit switching.
1893 - Ivory Coast becomes a French colony
1893 - New Mexico State University cancels its 1st graduation ceremony; its only graduand Sam Steele was robbed & killed the night before
Inventor Alexander Graham BellInventor Alexander Graham Bell 1896 - Bronx acquires O'Brien Square
1896 - Charilaos Vasilakos of Greece wins 1st modern marathon in 3:18 [OS]
1896 - After Bob Fitzsimmons KOs much larger Jim Corbett to win world HW championship he says, "The bigger they are, the harder they fall"
1900 - Battle at Driefontein, South-Africa (Boers vs British army)
1900 - Regents for the King of Uganda and leading chiefs sign a treaty with Great Britain agreeing to the organization of the government, taxation, courts, military, and other functions of their country, which is under British protection.
1902 - Earthquake destroys Turkish city of Tochangri
1902 - A United States court of appeals rules that Thomas Edison did not invent the movie camera.
1903 - Harry Gammeter, Cleveland, patents multigraph duplicating machine
1903 - Stanley Cup: Ottawa Silver 7 sweep Montreal AAA in 2 games
Inventor Thomas EdisonInventor Thomas Edison 1905 - Japanese Army captures Mukden (Shenyang)
1906 - 1st performance of Maurice Ravel's "Sonatine"
1906 - Coal dust explosion kills 1,060 at Courrieres France
1906 - Baker Street & Waterloo Railway opens, constructed by the Underground Electric Railways Company of London. The contraction Bakerloo became the official name in July 1906.
1909 - Jack Johnson fights Victor McLaglen to no decision in 6 for box title
1910 - China ends slavery
1910 - Pittsburgh Courier begins publishing
1913 - Stanley Cup: Quebec Bulldogs sweep Sydney (NS) Millionaires in 2 games
1913 - William Knox becomes 1st in American Bowling Congress to bowl 300
1914 - Suffragettes in London damage Rokeby's painting Venus of Velasquez
1915 - British Army in Belgium captures Neuve Chapelle
1917 - Batangas was formally founded as one of the Philippines's earliest encomiendas.
1920 - NHL's Quebec Bulldog Jim Malone scores 6 goals vs Ottawa Senators
1920 - The Home Rule Act is passed by the British Parliament, dividing Ireland into two parts; it is rejected by southern counties, where the Ango-Irish war continues for a year
1922 - KLZ-AM in Denver CO begins radio transmissions
1922 - State of siege proclaimed during mine strike Johannesburg South Africa
1925 - Walter Mittelholzer is 1st to flies over Demawend mountain, Iran
1926 - Run on Belgian banks
1927 - Albania mobilize by threat of Serbian, Croatian & Slovenes
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf HitlerDictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler 1927 - Bavaria lifts ban on Hitler's speeches
1928 - Christine Collins' son, Walter Collins, disappears in Los Angeles
1931 - British Labour party removes fascist sir Oswald Mosley
1933 - Major earthquake in Long Beach, Calif
1933 - Nevada becomes 1st US state to regulate narcotics
1934 - Longest undefeated streak in Toronto Maple Leaf history (18 games)
1934 - US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Suzanne Davis
1934 - US Mens Figure Skating championship won by Roger Turner
1938 - 10th Academy Awards - "The Life of Emile Zola", Spencer Tracy & Luise Rainer win
1939 - 17 villages damaged by hailstones in Hyderabad India
1940 - 1st US opera telecast, W2XBS, NYC, I Pagliacci
1941 - Lee MacPhail, Dodger GM predicts all players will wear batting helmets
1944 - U-575 sinks HMS Asphodel
1945 - Fieldmarshal Albert Kesselring succeeds Gerd von Rundstedt as commander of German Army Command in the West
1945 - Germany blows-up Wessel Bridge on Rhine
1945 - Japan declares Vietnam Independence
US General George S. PattonUS General George S. Patton 1945 - Patton's 3rd Army makes contact with Hodge's 1st Army
The aftermath of the single deadliest air raid of World War II, the firebombing of TokyoThe aftermath of the single deadliest air raid of World War II, the firebombing of Tokyo

1945 - Tokyo in fire after night time B-29 bombings, more than 100,000 people die, mostly civilians.
1945 - US troops lands on Mindanao
1946 - Train derailment kills 185 near Aracaju Brazil
1948 - 1st civilian to exceed speed of sound-Herb H Hoover, Edwards AFB Ca
1949 - Detroit Tiger pitcher Art Houtteman is critically injured in an auto accident but recovers to win 15 games in 1949
1951 - "Where's Charley?" closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 56 perfs
First Director of the FBI J. Edgar HooverFirst Director of the FBI J. Edgar Hoover 1951 - FBI director J. Edgar Hoover declines post of baseball commissioner
1952 - Military coup led by General Fulgencio Batista in Cuba
1956 - General strike in Cyprus protesting exile of archbishop Makarios
1956 - Peter Twiss sets new world air record 1,132 mph (1,823 kph)
1957 - Thousands of soccer fans riot in Italy
1959 - Dorothy Comiskey Rigney, sells 54% of White Sox to Bill Veeck
1959 - Tennessee Williams' "Sweet Bird of Youth" premieres in NYC
1959 - Uprising against Chinese occupation force in Lhasa Tibet
1960 - USSR agrees to stop nuclear testing
1962 - Due to its no black policy, Phillies leave Jack Tar Harrison Hotel & move to Rocky Point Motel, 20 miles outside Clearwater, Florida
1963 - Pete Rose debuts with hits in his 2 1st at bats in spring training
1963 - Wilt Chamberlain of NBA SF Warriors scores 70 points vs Syracuse
1964 - US reconnaissance plane shot down over East Germany
NBA Legend Wilt ChamberlainNBA Legend Wilt Chamberlain 1965 - Dutch Princess Margriet & Pieter van Vollenhoven get engaged

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 228

1415 - Vasili II of Russia (d. 1462)
1452 - Ferdinand II, the Catholic, King of Aragon/Sicily (expelled Jews)
1503 - Ferdinand I, German emperor (1558-64)
1538 - Thomas Howard, Duke of Norfolk; executed by Queen Elizabeth (1572)
1628 - Constantine Huygens Jr, Dutch poet/painter/cartoonist
1628 - Marcello Malpighi, Italian physician (d. 1694)
1656 - Adolf H van Rechteren, Dutch diplomat/politician
1698 - Gaetano Maria Schiassi, composer
1709 - Georg Steller, German naturalist (d. 1746)
1713 - Christian Friedrich Schale, composer
1713 - Raphael Weiss, composer
1745 - John Gunby, Maryland Soldier in the American Revolutionary War (d. 1807)
1748 - John Playfair, Scotland, clergyman/geologist/mathematician
1749 - Lorenzo da Ponte, Italian librettist (d. 1838)
1755 - Philipp Christoph Kayser, composer
1769 - Joseph Williamson, English philanthropist and tunnel builder (d. 1840)
1771 - Georg F Creuzer, German philological/historian (Idea und Probe)
1772 - Friedrich von Schlegel, Germany, romantic writer/critic (Lucinde)
1776 - Luise, Queen of Prussia/wife of Frederik Willem III
1780 - Juan Jose Landaeta, composer
1787 - William Etty, English painter (nudes)
1788 - Joseph Freiherr von Eichendorff, German poet (Das Marmorbild)
1809 - William David Porter, Commander (Union Navy), (d. 1864)
1810 - John McCloskey, US, pres of St John's College (Fordham U)
1810 - Samuel Ferguson, Irish poet (d. 1886)
1812 - Victor Tesch, Belgian lawyer/min of Justice
1818 - George Wythe Randolph, Secy War (Confederacy), (d. 1867)
1822 - Willem Roelofs, Dutch painter/lithographer
1824 - Thomas James Churchill, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1905)
1832 - William Henry Penrose, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1903)
1839 - Dudley Buck, Hartford, Ct, organist/church composer
1842 - Ina Donna Coolbrith, US, poet laureate of Calif
1844 - Pablo Martin M de Sarasate y Navascuez, composer (Spanish Dancing)
1845 - Alexander III A Romanov, Russian tsar (1881-94)
1846 - Edward Baker Lincoln, son of U.S. President Abraham Lincoln
Suffragette Kate SheppardSuffragette Kate Sheppard (1847) 1847 - Kate Sheppard, New Zealand suffragette and the most prominent member of New Zealand's women's suffrage movement (d. 1934)
1850 - Mary Mills Patrick, US, 1st pres of Istanbul Woman's College
1850 - Spencer Gore, British tennis player and cricketer (d. 1906)
1865 - Pim [Willem JH] Mulier, Dutch journalist/writer/sport-organizer
1867 - Lillian D Wald, US, sociologist/organizer (Visiting Nurses)
1870 - Alfred Kastner, composer
1872 - Felix Borowski, composer
1873 - Jakob Wassermann, Germany, novelist (My Life as German & Jew)
1875 - Alexander Borisovich Goldenweiser, composer
1877 - David M Chumaceiro, Curacao, poet
1878 - Karel van de Woestijne, Flemish writer/poet (God at Sea)
1880 - Michael Jacobs, boxing promoter, born in NYC, New York
1881 - Thomas Quinlan (impresario) (d. 1951)
1884 - Stuart Holmes, actor (Prisoner of Zenda), born in Chicago, Illinois
1887 - Toshitsugu Takamatsu, Grandmaster of Ninjutsu (d. 1972)
1888 - Barry Fitzgerald, actor (Acad Award-Going My Way), born in Dublin, Ireland
1888 - Krsto Odak, composer
1891 - Jacob van Gelderen, economist/sociologist/Dutch 2nd Chamber (SDAP)
1892 - Arthur Honegger, Le Havre, France, composer (King David, Pacific 231)
1892 - Eva Turner, British soprano
1892 - Gregory La Cava, American director (d. 1952)
1896 - Harry Krimer, actor (Napoleon)
1896 - Nancy Cunard, writer
1898 - Cy Kendall, St Louis Mo, actor (Mysteries of Chinatown)
1899 - Finn Hoffding, composer
1899 - Robert Meier, German WW1 veteran, formerly Germany's oldest man. (d. 2007)
1900 - Sherman Billingsley, Enid Ok, talk show host (Stork Club)
1903 - Leon Bismarck "Bix" Beiderbecke, Davenport, Iowa, American jazz cornetist, considered one of the most influential jazz soloists of the 1920s
1905 - Rene Bernier, composer
1905 - Richard Haydn, English actor (d. 1985)
1907 - Robert de Roos, composer
1908 - Carl Albert, US speaker of house (1971-77)
1908 - Kristjan Palusalu, Estonia, heavyweight wrestler (Olympic-gold-1936)
1909 - Gerard Croiset, Dutch paragnost
1911 - Warner Anderson, Bkln, actor (Doctor, Lineup, Matthew-Peyton Place)
1914 - Chandler Harper, golfer (1950 PGA champ)
1915 - Harry Bertoia, Italian artist (d. 1978)
1915 - Sir Charles Groves, English conductor(d. 1992)
1916 - Manuel A "Manny" Greenhill, record producer
1917 - Frank Perconte, American sergeant from Easy Company during WWII.
1918 - Heywood Hale Broun, journalist
1918 - Günther Rall, German ace fighter pilot
1919 - Marion Hutton, American singer (d. 1987)
1920 - Kenneth "Jethro" Burns, US country singer (Homer & Jethro)
1920 - Alfred Peet, Dutch-American entrepreneur and the founder of Peet's Coffee & Tea (d. 2007)
1920 - Boris Vian, French writer and musician (d. 1959)
1921 - Cec Linder, Galica Poland, actor (Goldfinger)
1921 - Paul Coates, columnist (Tonight! America After Dark), born in NYC, New York
1922 - Adam Kennedy, Lafayette Ind, actor (Dion-Californian)
1922 - Pamela Mason, actress (Navy vs Night Monsters), born in London, England
1925 - Ed van der Elsken, movie photographer (Een liefdesgeschiedenis)
1925 - M J J A [Sef] Imkamp, Dutch politician (D66)
1925 - Manolis Anagnostakis, Greek poet (d. 2005)
1927 - Claude Laydu, actress (Diary of a Country Priest)
1927 - Donn Trenner, New Haven Ct, orchestra leader (ABC's Nightlife)
1927 - Paul Wunderlich, German lithographer/painter/sculptor
1928 - Arthur Milton, cricketer (England opening batsman late 50's)
1928 - James Earl Ray, assassin (Martin Luther King Jr.)
1928 - Sara Montiel, Spanish actress and singer
1930 - Raymond Rasberry, pianist/singer
1930 - Sandor Iharos, athlete
1931 - Georges Dor, Quebec author, playwright, singer and songwriter (d. 2001)
1932 - Anatoliy Roschin, USSR, super heavyweight wrestler (Olympic-gold-1972)
1933 - Bernadetta Matuszczak, composer
1934 - Judith Jamison, artistic director (Alvin Ailey Dance Theater)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 7 of 7

1526 - Holy Roman Emperor Charles V marries Princess Isabella of Portugal, his 1st cousin, in Seville
1863 - Prince of Wales, Albert Edward (21) weds Princess Alexandra of Denmark (18) at Windsor Castle in St. George's chapel
1966 - Dutch Crown Princess Beatrix (Queen Beatrix) marries German aristocrat Claus von Amsberg in Amsterdam
2000 - Country singer Vince Gill (42) weds christian/pop singer Amy Grant (39) in Nashville, Tennessee
2007 - Brazilian singer-actress Tania Mara (24) weds director Jayme Monjardim (50) at Chapel of Sao Jose das Botas on the grounds of Hotel Fazenda Florenca in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
2007 - Noteable singer and stage performer Matt Hetherington (36) weds Australian television presenter Melissa Kotsos at the Morning Star Estate on Mt. Eliza
2012 - "Curly Sue" actress Alisan Porter (30) weds former "Days of Our Lives" actor Brian Autenrieth (33) at Diablo Dormido in the Santa Monica

Famous Divorces

Divorces 1 - 1 of 1

1927 - American author and journalist "The Old man and the Sea" Enerest Hemingway divorces 1st wife Elizabeth Hadley Richardson

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 111

Roman Emperor TiberiusRoman Emperor Tiberius (37) 37 - Tiberius Claudius Nero, Roman emperor (14-37), dies at 78
483 - Simplicius, Italian Pope (468-83), dies
1291 - Arghun, Persian ruler
1391 - Tvrtko I first king of Bosnia (b. 1338)
1510 - Johann Geiler von Kaisersberg, Swiss-born preacher (b. 1445)
1513 - John de Vere, 13th Earl of Oxford, English commander (b. 1443)
1546 - Thomas Elyot, English diplomat (Boke named the Governor), dies at 46
1584 - Thomas Norton, English politician and writer (b. 1532)
1585 - Rembert Dodoens, [Rembertus Dodonaeus], physician/botanist, dies at 67
1588 - Theodor Zwinger, Swiss scholar (b. 1533)
1592 - Michiel Coxcie, Flemish (court)painter/carpet designer, dies
1597 - Petrus Forestus, Dutch physician (Willem of Orange), dies
1669 - John Denham, English poet (b. 1615)
1670 - Johann Rudolf Glauber, German chemist (b. 1604)
1700 - Diogo Diaz Melgaz, composer, dies at 61
1701 - Johann Schelle, composer, dies at 52
1716 - Wenzel Ludwig von Radolt, composer, dies at 48
1735 - Dirk T van Cloon, Dutch lawyer/gov-gen of E Indies, dies at about 46
1776 - Élie Catherine Fréron, French critic (b. 1719)
1776 - Niclas Sahlgren, Swedish merchant and philanthropist (b. 1701)
1792 - John Stuart, 3rd earl of Bute/English premier (1760-63), dies at 78
1819 - Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi, writer, dies
1826 - Johan VI M L J, King of Portugal (1816-26), dies at 56
1832 - Muzio Clementi, Italian composer, dies at 79
1861 - Josepf Francois Snel, composer, dies at 67
1861 - Taras Shevchenko, Ukrainian poet (b. 1814)
1864 - Maximilian II Jozef, King of Bayern (1848-64), dies at 52
1865 - William Henry "Little Billy" Chase Whiting, Confed gen-maj, dies at 48
1866 - Antonio Francesco Gaetano S Pacini, composer, dies at 87
1870 - Isaak-Ignaz Moscheles, composer, dies at 75
1872 - Giuseppe Mazzini, Italian revolutionary (Giovane Italy), dies at 66
1875 - Louis Joseph Daussoigne-Mehul, composer, dies at 84
1888 - Ciro Pinsuti, Italian pianist/composer, dies at 57
1892 - Otto van Raised, gov-gen of Neth Indies (1884-88), dies at 69
1895 - Charles Frederick Worth, English-born couturier (b. 1826)
1897 - Teodulo Mabellini, composer, dies at 79
1900 - Johann Peter Emilius Hartmann, composer, dies at 94
1901 - Vasily Georgiyevich Wrangell, composer, dies at 38
1906 - Eugen Richter, German MP (Liberal), dies at 67
1910 - Carl Heinrich Carsten Reinecke, composer, dies at 85
1910 - Karl Lueger, Austrian anti-semite/mayor of Vienna, dies at 65
Abolitionist Harriet TubmanAbolitionist Harriet Tubman (1913) 1913 - Harriet Tubman, abolitionist, conductor on Underground RR, dies in NY at about 93
1922 - Arthur Hervey, composer, dies at 67
1922 - Horace Wadham Nicholl, composer, dies at 73
1925 - John Fillmore Hayford, American Geodesist (theory of isostasy, geodesy science), dies at 56
1935 - Barend Barendse, actor/director (Broken Lives), dies at 82
1937 - Yevgeny Zamyatin, Russian writer (b. 1884)
1940 - Louis de Vries, Dutch actor (Merchant of Venice), dies at 68
1940 - Mikhaïl Boulgakov, Russian writer (b. 1891)
1942 - William Henry Bragg, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1862)
1943 - Tully Marshall, actor (Let's Go, Red Dust), dies at 78
1944 - David Vogel, Ukrainian author, dies in Auschwitz at 52
1948 - Jan Masaryk, Czech Foreign minister, commits suicide or is murdered
1948 - Zelda Fitzgerald, American artist, wife of writer F. Scott Fitzgerald (b. 1900)
1949 - James Rector, American athlete (b. 1884)
1950 - Marguerite De La Motte, American actress (b. 1902)
1951 - Kijūrō Shidehara, Prime minister of Japan (b. 1872)
1953 - Charles Gordon Curtis, inventor of (Curtis-steam turbine), dies at 92
1966 - Frederik "Frits" Zernike, Dutch physicist (Nobel 1953), dies at 77
1966 - Mari Sandoz, US author (Cheyenne Autumn), dies at 64
1967 - Yiorgos Batis, Greek composer and musician (b. 1885)
1968 - Helen Walker, actress (Brewster's Million), dies of cancer at 47
1970 - Vasilis Avlonitis, Greek actor (b. 1904)
1971 - Mabel Wheeler Daniels, composer, dies at 92
1973 - Richard Sharples, governor of Bermuda, assassinated
1973 - Eugene 'Bull' Connor, American segregationist (b. 1897)
1974 - June Harrison, actress (Land of the Lawless), dies at 48
1974 - Quinto Maganini, composer, dies at 76
1975 - Leopold Samuel, composer, dies at 91
1977 - E Power Biggs, English organist/composer (CBS), dies at 70
1977 - Pieter Jan Bouman, Dutch sociologist/historian, dies at 74
1977 - Willem Schermerhorn, Dutch premier (1945-46), dies at 82
1980 - Herman Tarnower, doctor (Scarsdale Diet), killed by Jean Harris
1984 - June Marlowe, actress (Pardon US), dies at 81
1985 - Konstantin Chernenko, party leader/pres of USSR (1984-85), dies at 73
1986 - Ray Milland, actor (Lost Weekend-Acad Award 1945), dies at 81
Singer and TV Host Andy GibbSinger and TV Host Andy Gibb (1988) 1988 - Andy Gibb, singer, dies of heart infection at 30
1988 - Glenn Cunningham, US world record miler, dies at 78
1988 - William Brocklesby Wordsworth, composer, dies at 79
1990 - Michael Stewart, UK Sect of State (1965-66, 68-70), dies
1992 - Roy Holmer Wallack, dies of pneumonia at 64
1992 - Giorgos Zampetas, Greek composer and musician (b. 1925)
1993 - C Northcote Parkinson, English historian/sociologist (Law of P), dies
1993 - David Gunn, abortion doctor, killed by Michael Griffin at 47
1994 - Cecil Rolph Hewitt, journalist/policeman, dies at 92
1994 - Charles Bukowski, German/US writer (Barfly, Hollywood), dies at 73
1994 - Robert Shea, author, dies of cancer
1995 - Alexander Hyatt-King, Mozart scholar, dies at 84
1995 - Carel Birnie, ballet producer, dies at 69
1995 - Hendrik W van Leeuwen, Dutch musician, dies at 79
1995 - Richard Baerlein, racing writer, dies at 84
1996 - Lucius E Burch Jr, US civil rights leader, dies at 84
1996 - Ross Hunter, US producer (Airport, Madame X, Pillow Talk), dies at 75
1997 - La Vern Baker, American singer (b. 1929)
1998 - Lloyd Bridges, American actor (b. 1913)
1999 - Oswaldo Guayasamin, Ecuadorian paintor and sculptor (b. 1919)
2001 - Massimo Morsello, Italian musician and far right activist (b. 1958)
2003 - Barry Sheene, British motorcycle racer (b. 1950)
2004 - Dave Blood, real name David Schulthise; American musician, bassist for The Dead Milkmen (b. 1956)
2005 - Dave Allen, Irish comedian (b. 1936)

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