This Day in History for 12th March

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 183

538 - Witiges, king of the Ostrogoths, ends his siege of Rome and retreats to Ravenna, leaving the city in the hands of the victorious Roman general, Belisarius.
1054 - Pope Leo IX escapes captivity & returns to Rome
1088 - Odo of Lagery elected as Pope Urban II, succeeding Victor III
1144 - Gherardo Caccianemici elected Pope Lucius II, succeeding Callistus II
1350 - Orvieto city says it will behead & burn Jewish-Christian couples
1365 - University of Vienna founded
1455 - First record of Johann Gutenberg's Bible, letter dated this day by Enea Silvio Piccolomini refers to the bible printed a year before
1496 - Jews are expelled from Syria
1572 - Luis Vaz de Camoes publishes "Os Lusíados" in Portugal
1594 - Company of Distant established for business on East-Indies
1597 - England routes troops to Amiens
1609 - Bermuda becomes an English colony
1619 - Dutch settlement on Java changes name to Batavia
1622 - Ignatius of Loyola declared a saint
1642 - Abel Tasman is 1st European in New Zealand
1664 - 1st naturalization act in American colonies
1664 - New Jersey becomes a British colony
1689 - Former English King James II lands in Ireland
Astronomer & Physicist Galileo GalileiAstronomer & Physicist Galileo Galilei 1737 - Galileo's body moved to Church of Santa Croce in Florence, Italy
1755 - 1st steam engine in America installed, to pump water from a mine
1773 - Jeanne Baptiste Pointe de Sable found settlement now known as Chicago
1794 - Theatre Royal in London's Dury Lane opens after being rebuilt
1799 - Austria declares war on France
1832 - The ballet La Sylphide first premieres at the Opéra de Paris.
1848 - 2nd republic established in France
1849 - 1st gold seekers arrive in Nicaragua en route to Calif
1850 - 1st US $20 gold piece issued
Composer Giuseppe VerdiComposer Giuseppe Verdi 1857 - Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Simon Boccanegra" premieres in Venice
1860 - Congress accepts Pre-emption Bill: free land in West for colonists
1867 - Last French troops leave Mexico
1868 - Great Britain annexes Basutoland in Africa (later renamed the Kingdom of Lesotho)
1868 - US Congress abolishes manufacturer's tax
1868 - Henry O'Farrell attempts to assassinate Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh.
1877 - Great Britain annexes Walvis Bay at Cape colony, Southern Africa.
1881 - Andrew Watson makes his Scotland debut as the world's first black international football player and captain.
1884 - Mississippi establishes 1st US state college for women
1888 - 2nd day of the Great blizzard of '88 in NE US (400 die)
1889 - Battle at Metema (Gallabad): Ethiopian Emperor Yohannes IV, defeated
1889 - Start of South Africa's 1st Test, v England, Port Elizabeth
1894 - Pittsburgh issues free season tickets for ladies on Tuesday & Friday
1894 - In Vicksburg, Mississippi, USA, Coca-Cola is sold in bottles for the first time.
1896 - 1st movie in Netherlands (Kalverstr 220)
1897 - Vincent d'Indy's opera "Fervaal" premieres in Brussells
1900 - President Steyn of Orange Free state flees from Bloemfontein
1901 - Ground is broken for Boston's 1st AL ballpark (Huntington Ave Grounds)
1903 - NY Highlanders (Yankees) approved as members of AL
1904 - 1st main line electric train in UK (Liverpool to Southport)
Industrialist and Philanthropist Andrew CarnegieIndustrialist and Philanthropist Andrew Carnegie 1904 - Andrew Carnegie establishes Carnegie Hero Fund
1905 - The continuing strikes and disorders that unsettle Italy force out Premier Giovanni Giolitti, though he will return in March, 1906
1906 - Heavy storm ravages Dutch west coast
1908 - Stanley Cup: Mont Wanderers sweep Win Maple Leafs in 2 games
1908 - The Pan-Macedonian group is formed in Athens to support the Greek Struggle for Macedonia.
1909 - Alarmed over increasing German naval strength, Parliament passes a new naval appropriations bill
1910 - Stanley Cup: Montreal Wanderers beat Berlin (Kitchener), 7-3
1912 - Girl Guides (Girl Scouts) forms in Savannah, by Juliette Gordon Low
Founder of Girl Scouts of the USA Juliette Gordon LowFounder of Girl Scouts of the USA Juliette Gordon Low 1912 - Helen Hayes Theater opens at 238 W 44th St NYC
1912 - Establishment of the first football club in Bulgaria - Botev Plovdiv
1913 - Foundation stone of the Australian capital in Canberra laid
1916 - French airship sinks British submarine D3
1917 - [OS Feb 27] Russian Duma sets up the Provisional Committee; Soviets form Executive Committee
1917 - Stalin, Kamenev & Muranov arrives in Petrograd/St Petersburg
1919 - Austrian National Meeting affirms Anschluss (incorporate into Germany)
1919 - George Bernard Shaw's "Augustus Does His Bit" premieres in NYC
Playwright George Bernard ShawPlaywright George Bernard Shaw 1925 - British government of Baldwin refuses to ratify Geneva agreement
1926 - Denmark begins unilateral disarmament
1926 - Pope Pius XI names J E van Roey archbishop of Malines Belgium
1928 - In California, the St. Francis Dam fails, killing over 600 people.
1930 - Mohandas Gandhi begins 200m (300km) march protesting British salt tax
1930 - Stella Walsh sets record for the 220-yard dash (0:26.1)
1933 - FDR conducts his 1st "fireside chat"
1934 - Acting Pres Constantine Päts commits coup in Tallinn Estonia
32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt 1934 - Josip Broz (Tito) freed from jail
1934 - Paul Hindemith's "Mathis der Maler" premieres in Berlin
1935 - England establishes 30 MPH speed limit for towns & villages
1938 - Nazi Germany invades Austria (Anschluss)
1939 - Pope Pius XII crowned in Vatican ceremonies
1940 - Finland surrenders to Russia during WW II, gives Karelische Isthmus
1941 - German occupiers confiscate AVRO studios in Netherlands
1942 - British troops vacate the Andamanen in Gulf of Bengal
1943 - Soviet troops liberate Wjasma
1945 - 30 Amsterdammers executed by nazi occupiers
1945 - Italy's Communist Party (CPI) calls for armed uprising in Italy
1945 - NY is 1st to prohibit discrimination by race & creed in employment
1945 - USSR returns Transylvania to Romania
1946 - Part of Petsamo province ceded by Soviet Union to Finland
1947 - "Chocolate Soldier" opens at Century Theater NYC for 69 performances
1947 - Belgian government of Huysmans resigns
33rd US President Harry Truman33rd US President Harry Truman 1947 - Pres Harry Truman introduces Truman-doctrine to fight communism
1948 - -5°F lowest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in March
1950 - Belgium votes (58%) for return of King Leopold III
1950 - Pope Pius XII encyclical "On combating atheistic propaganda"
1951 - Baseball Commish Happy Chandler loses fight (9-7) to stay in office
1951 - Communist troops driven out of Seoul
1954 - 1st performance of Arnold Schoenberg's "Moses und Aaron"
1956 - Dow Jones closes above 500 for 1st time (500.24)
1957 - German DR accepts 22 Russian divisions
1958 - British Empire Day is renamed "Commonwealth Day"
1959 - Dutch Liberal Party wins 2nd parliamentary elections
1959 - US House joins Senate approving Hawaii statehood
LPGA Golfer Mickey WrightLPGA Golfer Mickey Wright 1961 - Mickey Wright wins LPGA Miami Golf Open

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 283

1270 - Charles of Valois, son of Philip III of France (d. 1325)
1336 - Eduard, Duke of Gelre (1361-71) husband of Catharina of Bayern
1479 - Giuliano de' Medici, monarch of Florence
1515 - Caspar Othmayr, composer
1607 - Paul Gerhardt, German hymnist (d. 1676)
1613 - André Le Nôtre, French landscape architect (d. 1700)
1620 - Johann Heinrich Hottinger, Swiss philologist and theologian (d. 1667)
1626 - John Aubrey, English antiquary and writer (d. 1697)
1637 - Anne Hyde, wife of James II of England (d. 1671)
1647 - Victor-Maurice, comte de Broglie, French general (d. 1727)
1672 - Richard Steele, Irish writer and politician (d. 1729)
1685 - George Berkeley, Ireland, philosopher/bishop of Cloyne
1710 - Thomas Augustine Arne, English composer (Alfred, Rule Britannia)
1718 - Joseph Damer, English politician (d. 1798)
1755 - Georges Couthon, French politician
1758 - Leopold earl of Limburg Stirum, Dutch general/politician [or March 22]
1768 - Carolus Antonius Fodor, composer
1781 - Frederica of Baden, Queen of Sweden (d. 1826)
1788 - Pierre J David, [David d'Angers], French sculptor
1793 - Augustin-Philippe Peellaert, composer
1800 - Louis-Prosper Gachard, Belgian historian
1806 - Jane Means Appleton Pierce, 1st lady (1853-57)
1808 - Gerrit van der Linde Jz, "Schoolmaster", Dutch poet
1816 - David Stuart, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1868
1818 - John Lorimar Worden, Capt (Union Navy), died in 1897
3rd Prime Minister of Canada John Abbott3rd Prime Minister of Canada John Abbott (1821) 1821 - John Abbott, Saint-Andre Quebec, (C) 3rd Canadian PM (1891-92)
1821 - Luitpold von Bayern, Prince-regent of Bayern
1823 - William Flank Perry, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1901
1824 - Gustav R Kirchoff, Prussia, physicist (spectral analysis)
1826 - Robert Lowry, composer
1827 - John Robert Jones, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1901
1827 - William Richard Terry, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1897
1830 - William Felix Brantley, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1870
1831 - Clement Studebaker, automobile pioneer (Studebaker)
1832 - Charles Boycott, Ireland, estate manager/caused boycotts
1835 - Simon Newcomb, US, scientist/mathematician/astronomer
1837 - Felix Alexandre Guilmant, composer
1838 - William Perkin, inventor (1st artificial dye)
1848 - Cyrill Kistler, composer
1855 - John White, composer
1859 - Josef Cyril Sychra, composer
1859 - Abraham H. Cannon, Mormon apostle (d. 1896)
1860 - Salvatore Di Giacomo, composer
1862 - Jane Delano, US, nurse/teacher/founder (Red Cross)
1863 - Adolf A Wolfschoon, Curacao, poet
1863 - Gabriele D'Annunzio, Italy, writer/military hero (Intruder)
1863 - Vladimir Vernadsky, Russian mineralogist (d. 1945)
1864 - W. H. R. Rivers, British psychiatrist (d. 1922)
1874 - Edmund Eysler, Austrian composer
1875 - Julio Garreta, composer
1877 - Wilhelm Frick, German protector of Bohemia/Moravia
1878 - Gemma Galgani, Italian saint
1878 - Joseph Gustav Mraczek, composer
1880 - House Peters, England, silent film actor (Kansas Territory)
1880 - Nikolaos Georgantas, Greek discus thrower (d. 1958)
1880 - Henry Drysdale Dakin, British-American biochemist, known for the Dakin-West reaction (d. 1952)
1881 - Daniel Webster Hoan, Wisc (Mayor-Socialist-Milwaukee)
1881 - Gunnar Nordström, Finnish physicist (d. 1923)
1883 - Judge Jackson, composer
1883 - Zoltán Meskó, Hungarian Nazi (d. 1959)
1885 - Raphael HLAJM Verwilghen, Flemish architect/urban developer
1888 - Hall Johnson, composer
1889 - Philip Guedalla, historian
1889 - Þórbergur Þórðarson, Icelandic author (d. 1974)
1890 - A Evert Taube, Swedish writer/troubadour
1890 - Vaslav Nijinsky, Ukrainian/US ballet dancer (Petroesjka) [OS=Feb 28]
1890 - William Dudley Pelley, American leader of the Silver Legion (d. 1965)
1891 - Michael Polany, Hungarian/English chemist/economist/sociologist
1891 - George W. Mason, American industrialist (d. 1954)
1895 - William C. Lee, U.S. Army general (d. 1948)
1896 - Jesse "Lone Cat" Fuller, San Francisco Blues Great
1898 - Fredrik J "Frits" Bakker Jr, Dutch actor (Sold Grandpa)
1900 - David Croll, QC senator
1900 - Zoltan Vasarhelyi, composer
1904 - Ken James, cricket wicketkeeper (NZ's 1st Test, later Northants)
1907 - (Margaret Peggy McCrorie) Herbison, politician
1907 - Arthur Hewlett, British actor (d. 1997)
1907 - Dorrit Hoffleit, American astronomer (d. 2007)
1908 - David Saul Marshall, diplomat lawyer/politician
1908 - Inez Courtney, NYC, actress (13th Man, Crime Ring, Raven)
1908 - Rita Angus, New Zealand painter (d. 1970)
1910 - Roger L Stevens, producer (Giant)
1910 - Tony "Two-Ton" Galento, Orange NJ, boxer/actor (On the Waterfront)
1910 - Wilhelmus L Reijers, sculptor
1910 - Masayoshi Ohira, Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1980)
1911 - Gustavo Diaz Ordaz, president of Mexico
1912 - James McKay, lord provost of Edinburgh
1912 - Kylie Tennant, novelist (Battlers, Lost Haven)
1912 - Paul Weston, Springfield Mass, orchestra leader (Jim Nabors Hour)
1912 - Irving Layton, Canadian poet (d. 2006)
1913 - Harold Butler, cricketer (England pace bowler late 40's)
1914 - Jan Kapr, composer
1915 - Alberto Burri, Italian physician/sculptor/abstract painter
1917 - Googie Withers, Karachi India, actress (1 of Our Aircraft is Missing)
1917 - Tom Normanton, British MP
1918 - James Bracken, race horse trainer
1918 - Elaine de Kooning, American artist (d. 1989)
1921 - Giovanni Agnelli, CEO (Fiat Automakers)
1921 - Gordon MacRae, East Orange NJ, singer/actor (Oklahoma, Carousel)
1921 - Max de Metz, Dutch publisher/translator

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 2 of 2

Musician & member of the Beatles Paul McCartneyMusician & member of the Beatles Paul McCartney (1969) 1969 - Paul McCartney marries Linda Louise Eastman in London
1970 - Actor Phil Hartman (21) weds first wife Gretchen Lewis

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 119

417 - Innocent I, Italian Pope (401-417), dies
604 - Gregory I the Great, Pope (590-604), dies at 64
1209 - Djamal al-din Abu Mohammed Iljas Nizami, Persian poet, dies
1289 - King Demetre II of Georgia (b. 1259)
1374 - Emperor Go-Kogon of Japan (b. 1336)
1447 - Shah Rukh, ruler of Persia and Transoxonia (b. 1377)
1471 - Dionysius the Carthusian/van Rijkel, Dutch scholastic theologist, dies
1496 - Johannes de Lapide, [Johan Heynlin], German philosopher, dies
1507 - Cesare Borgia, cardinal/soldier/politician, killed in battle at 31
1563 - John Bull, composer of British natl anthem (God Save The King), dies
1570 - Jacob van den Eynden, Grand Pensionary of Holland, dies
1608 - Koriki Kiyonaga, Japanese warlord (b. 1530)
1628 - John Bull, English organist/composer, dies
1648 - Tirso de Molina, Spanish author, dies at about 63
1681 - French van Mieris, the Elder, Dutch genre painter, dies at 45
1699 - Peder Griffenfeld, Danish statesman (b. 1635)
1734 - Antonius Schultingh, [Schultingius], Dutch lawyer, dies at 74
1753 - George Berkeley, philosopher/bishop (Cloyne), dies on 68th birthday
1790 - Andreas Hadik, Austro-Hungarian general (b. 1710)
1824 - Heinrich Carl Ebell, composer, dies at 48
1831 - Johann Franz Volkert, composer, dies at 64
1832 - Daniel Friedrich Kuhlau, German/Danish opera composer, dies at 45
1834 - Karl W Feuerbach, mathematician (circle of Feuerbach), dies at 33
1840 - Friedrich Westenholz, composer, dies at 61
1852 - Juan Bros y Bertomel, composer, dies at 75
1872 - Zeng Guofan, Chinese politician and general (b. 1811)
1877 - Crystobal Oudrid y Segura, composer, dies at 52
1883 - Murrumgunarriman, [Twopenny], cricketer (Aboriginal team 1868), dies
1888 - Henry Bergh, founder (ASPCA), dies at 76
1889 - Yohannes IV, [Kasa], Emperor of Ethiopia (1872-89), dies in battle
1894 - Illarion Pryanishnikov, Russian painter (b. 1840)
1898 - Zacharias Topelius, Finnish-Swedish writer (b. 1818)
1902 - John Peter Altgeld, German/US governor of Illinois, dies at 54
1905 - Rudolf von Alt, Austrian painter, dies at 92
1908 - Edmondo de Amicis, Italian writer (L'idioma Gentile), dies at 61
1909 - Johanna "Lena" Bakker, Dutch actress/wife of Bruno Gerlach, dies at 34
1909 - Joe Petrosino, NYPD lieutenant (b. 1860)
1913 - Joseph Bayer, composer, dies at 61
Entrepreneur and Engineer George WestinghouseEntrepreneur and Engineer George Westinghouse (1914) 1914 - George Westinghouse, US engineer (Westinghouse Electric), dies at 67
1916 - M v Ebner-Eschenbach, writer, dies at 39
1924 - Hilaire Comte de Chardonnet, inventor (rayon), dies
1925 - Sun Yat-Sen, Chinese revolutionary president, dies at 58
1929 - Asa Griggs Candler, American businessman (b. 1851)
1930 - Alois Jirásek, Czech writer (b. 1851)
1930 - William George Barker, Canadian fighter ace (Victoria Cross recipient), dies in a training accident at 35
1932 - Ivar Kreuger, "Swedish Match King" industrialist, commits suicide
1936 - David Beatty, 1st Earl Beatty and British Admiral of the Fleet dies of heart failure at 65 in London, England
British Admiral of the Fleet David BeattyBritish Admiral of the Fleet David Beatty (1936) 1937 - Charles-Marie-Jean-Albert Widor, French organist/composer, dies at 93
1937 - Jeno Hubay, composer, dies at 78
1941 - Charles Sanford Skilton, composer, dies at 72
1942 - Enrique Morera, composer, dies at 76
1942 - Robert Bosch, German industrialist (b. 1861)
1943 - Gustav Vigeland, Norwegian sculptor (b. 1869)
1944 - Artur Gavazzi, Croatian geographer (b. 1861)
1945 - Anne Frank, diarist (Diary of Anne Frank), killed in Belsen Camp aged 15
1946 - Philip Merivale, dies at 59
1947 - "Winston Churchill the American", American novelist (b. 1871)
1949 - Maria "Beppie" Bakker, Dutch actress/wife of Piet Vink Sr, dies at 95
Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust Anne FrankJewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust Anne Frank (1945) 1950 - L Heinrich Mann, German/US writer (Between the Races), dies at 78
1955 - Charlie "Bird" Parker, US jazz saxophonist, dies at 34 in NYC
1955 - Theodor Plievier, writer, dies
1957 - Harry Dean, cricketer (England left-arm bowler in 3 Tests, 1912), dies
1957 - Josephine Hull, actress (Harvey), dies at 71
1958 - Ingeborg, Princess of Sweden, dies at 79
1961 - Belinda Lee, actress (Joseph & his Brethren), dies in car crash at 25
1966 - Estelita Rodriguez, actor (Golden Stallion, Susanna Pass), dies at 37
1973 - Esther Williamson Ballou, composer, dies at 57
1973 - Frankie "Fordham Flash" Frisch, baseball player, dies at 74
1973 - Manuel Rojas Sepulveda, Chilean writer (Hijo de Ladron), dies at 77
1974 - Billy Fox, Protestant Dublin MP, assassinated
1974 - George D. Sax, Drive-in bank and instant loan innovator. Owner of the Saxony Hotel. (b. 1904)
1978 - John Cazale, actor (Dog Day Afternoon, Deer Hunter), dies at 41
1978 - Tolchard Evans, composer/conductor, dies
1980 - Arthur Charles Dobson, British racing driver (b. 1914)
1982 - Elisabeth Zernike, Dutch writer (Course of Events), dies at 90
1983 - Jevsei G Liberman, Ukraine economist (Plan, profit, bonus), dies at 85
1984 - Arnold Ridley, playwright/actor, dies at 88
1985 - Eugene Ormandy [Blau], Hungarian/US conductor, dies at 85
1988 - Billie Rhodes, dies
1988 - William Camp, dies at 74
1989 - Maurice Evans, actor (Bewitched, MacBeth), dies at 87
1990 - Wallace Breem, British author (b. 1926)
1991 - Etienne Decroux, French mime (Voyage, Surprise), dies at 92
1991 - Ragnar Granit, Finnish neuroscientist, Nobel laureate (b. 1900)
1992 - Barbara Morrison, actress (Proj Moonbase), dies of heart failure at 84
1992 - Hans G Kresse, Dutch cartoonist (Eric the Viking), dies at 70
1992 - Ida Oosterbaan, Dutch founder (Women Action Committee), dies
1992 - Karel Poons, father of Paul Deen, dies
1992 - Philippe Soupault, writer, dies
1992 - Salvo Lima, mayor (Palermo)/MP (chr-dem), murdered
1993 - Andreas J A I Bruggeman, Dutch mayor (Leiderdorp), dies at 62
1993 - June Valli, singer (Crying in the Chapel), dies of cancer at 62
1993 - Michael Kanin, screenwriter (Woman of the Year), dies at 83
1993 - Wang Zhen, marxist/vice-premier of China (1988), dies
1994 - Sandra Paretti, German/Swiss author (Drums of Winter), dies at 59
1995 - Juanin Clay, American actress (b. 1949)
1996 - Charles Bruce Perry, professor of medicine, dies at 92
1996 - Gyula Kallai, PM of Hungry (1965-67), dies at 85
1996 - John Anthony Bowden Cuddon, writer/teacher, dies at 67
1998 - Judge Dread, English musician (b. 1945)

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