This Day in History for 12th March

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 182

538 - Witiges, king of the Ostrogoths, ends his siege of Rome and retreats to Ravenna, leaving the city in the hands of the victorious Roman general, Belisarius.
1054 - Pope Leo IX escapes captivity & returns to Rome
1088 - Odo of Lagery elected as Pope Urban II, succeeding Victor III
1144 - Gherardo Caccianemici elected Pope Lucius II, succeeding Callistus II
1350 - Orvieto city says it will behead & burn Jewish-Christian couples
1365 - University of Vienna founded
1455 - First record of Johann Gutenberg's Bible, letter dated this day by Enea Silvio Piccolomini refers to the bible printed a year before
1496 - Jews are expelled from Syria
1572 - Luis Vaz de Camoes publishes "Os Lusíados" in Portugal
1594 - Company of Distant established for business on East-Indies
1597 - England routes troops to Amiens
1609 - Bermuda becomes an English colony
1619 - Dutch settlement on Java changes name to Batavia
1622 - Ignatius of Loyola declared a saint
1642 - Abel Tasman is 1st European in New Zealand
1664 - 1st naturalization act in American colonies
1664 - New Jersey becomes a British colony
1689 - Former English King James II lands in Ireland
Astronomer & Physicist Galileo GalileiAstronomer & Physicist Galileo Galilei 1737 - Galileo's body moved to Church of Santa Croce in Florence, Italy
1755 - 1st steam engine in America installed, to pump water from a mine
1773 - Jeanne Baptiste Pointe de Sable found settlement now known as Chicago
1794 - Theatre Royal in London's Dury Lane opens after being rebuilt
1799 - Austria declares war on France
1832 - The ballet La Sylphide first premieres at the Opéra de Paris.
1848 - 2nd republic established in France
1849 - 1st gold seekers arrive in Nicaragua en route to Calif
1850 - 1st US $20 gold piece issued
Composer Giuseppe VerdiComposer Giuseppe Verdi 1857 - Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Simon Boccanegra" premieres in Venice
1860 - Congress accepts Pre-emption Bill: free land in West for colonists
1867 - Last French troops leave Mexico
1868 - Great Britain annexes Basutoland in Africa (later renamed the Kingdom of Lesotho)
1868 - US Congress abolishes manufacturer's tax
1868 - Henry O'Farrell attempts to assassinate Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh.
1877 - Great Britain annexes Walvis Bay at Cape colony, Southern Africa.
1881 - Andrew Watson makes his Scotland debut as the world's first black international football player and captain.
1884 - Mississippi establishes 1st US state college for women
1888 - 2nd day of the Great blizzard of '88 in NE US (400 die)
1889 - Battle at Metema (Gallabad): Ethiopian Emperor Yohannes IV, defeated
1889 - Start of South Africa's 1st Test, v England, Port Elizabeth
1894 - Pittsburgh issues free season tickets for ladies on Tuesday & Friday
1894 - In Vicksburg, Mississippi, USA, Coca-Cola is sold in bottles for the first time.
1896 - 1st movie in Netherlands (Kalverstr 220)
1897 - Vincent d'Indy's opera "Fervaal" premieres in Brussells
1900 - President Steyn of Orange Free state flees from Bloemfontein
1901 - Ground is broken for Boston's 1st AL ballpark (Huntington Ave Grounds)
1903 - NY Highlanders (Yankees) approved as members of AL
1904 - 1st main line electric train in UK (Liverpool to Southport)
1904 - Andrew Carnegie establishes Carnegie Hero Fund
1905 - The continuing strikes and disorders that unsettle Italy force out Premier Giovanni Giolitti, though he will return in March, 1906
1906 - Heavy storm ravages Dutch west coast
1908 - Stanley Cup: Mont Wanderers sweep Win Maple Leafs in 2 games
1908 - The Pan-Macedonian group is formed in Athens to support the Greek Struggle for Macedonia.
1910 - Stanley Cup: Montreal Wanderers beat Berlin (Kitchener), 7-3
1912 - Girl Guides (Girl Scouts) forms in Savannah, by Juliette Gordon Low
1912 - Helen Hayes Theater opens at 238 W 44th St NYC
1912 - Establishment of the first football club in Bulgaria - Botev Plovdiv
1913 - Foundation stone of the Australian capital in Canberra laid
1916 - French airship sinks British submarine D3
1917 - Russian Dumas sets up Provisional Committee; workers set up Soviets
1917 - Stalin, Kamenev & Muranov arrives in St Petersburg
1919 - Austrian National Meeting affirms Anschluss (incorporate into Germany)
Playwright George Bernard ShawPlaywright George Bernard Shaw 1919 - George Bernard Shaw's "Augustus Does His Bit" premieres in NYC
1925 - British government of Baldwin refuses to ratify Geneva agreement
1926 - Denmark begins unilateral disarmament
1926 - Pope Pius XI names J E van Roey archbishop of Malines Belgium
1928 - In California, the St. Francis Dam fails, killing over 600 people.
1930 - Mohandas Gandhi begins 200m (300km) march protesting British salt tax
1930 - Stella Walsh sets record for the 220-yard dash (0:26.1)
1933 - FDR conducts his 1st "fireside chat"
32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt 1934 - Acting Pres Constantine Päts commits coup in Tallinn Estonia
1934 - Josip Broz (Tito) freed from jail
1934 - Paul Hindemith's "Mathis der Maler" premieres in Berlin
1935 - England establishes 30 MPH speed limit for towns & villages
1938 - Nazi Germany invades Austria (Anschluss)
1939 - Pope Pius XII crowned in Vatican ceremonies
1940 - Finland surrenders to Russia during WW II, gives Karelische Isthmus
1941 - German occupiers confiscate AVRO studios in Netherlands
1942 - British troops vacate the Andamanen in Gulf of Bengal
1943 - Soviet troops liberate Wjasma
1945 - 30 Amsterdammers executed by nazi occupiers
1945 - Italy's Communist Party (CPI) calls for armed uprising in Italy
1945 - NY is 1st to prohibit discrimination by race & creed in employment
1945 - USSR returns Transylvania to Romania
1946 - Part of Petsamo province ceded by Soviet Union to Finland
1947 - "Chocolate Soldier" opens at Century Theater NYC for 69 performances
1947 - Belgian government of Huysmans resigns
33rd US President Harry Truman33rd US President Harry Truman 1947 - Pres Harry Truman introduces Truman-doctrine to fight communism
1948 - -5°F lowest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in March
1950 - Belgium votes (58%) for return of King Leopold III
1950 - Pope Pius XII encyclical "On combating atheistic propaganda"
1951 - Baseball Commish Happy Chandler loses fight (9-7) to stay in office
1951 - Communist troops driven out of Seoul
1954 - 1st performance of Arnold Schoenberg's "Moses und Aaron"
1954 - Anish Kapoor, Mumbai India, Indian born British sculptor
1956 - Dow Jones closes above 500 for 1st time (500.24)
1957 - German DR accepts 22 Russian divisions
1958 - British Empire Day is renamed "Commonwealth Day"
1959 - Dutch Liberal Party wins 2nd parliamentary elections
1959 - US House joins Senate approving Hawaii statehood
1961 - Mickey Wright wins LPGA Miami Golf Open

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 282

1270 - Charles of Valois, son of Philip III of France (d. 1325)
1336 - Eduard, Duke of Gelre (1361-71) husband of Catharina of Bayern
1479 - Giuliano de' Medici, monarch of Florence
1515 - Caspar Othmayr, composer
1607 - Paul Gerhardt, German hymnist (d. 1676)
1613 - André Le Nôtre, French landscape architect (d. 1700)
1620 - Johann Heinrich Hottinger, Swiss philologist and theologian (d. 1667)
1626 - John Aubrey, English antiquary and writer (d. 1697)
1637 - Anne Hyde, wife of James II of England (d. 1671)
1647 - Victor-Maurice, comte de Broglie, French general (d. 1727)
1672 - Richard Steele, Irish writer and politician (d. 1729)
1685 - George Berkeley, Ireland, philosopher/bishop of Cloyne
1710 - Thomas Augustine Arne, English composer (Alfred, Rule Britannia)
1718 - Joseph Damer, English politician (d. 1798)
1755 - Georges Couthon, French politician
1758 - Leopold earl of Limburg Stirum, Dutch general/politician [or March 22]
1768 - Carolus Antonius Fodor, composer
1781 - Frederica of Baden, Queen of Sweden (d. 1826)
1788 - Pierre J David, [David d'Angers], French sculptor
1793 - Augustin-Philippe Peellaert, composer
1800 - Louis-Prosper Gachard, Belgian historian
1806 - Jane Means Appleton Pierce, 1st lady (1853-57)
1808 - Gerrit van der Linde Jz, "Schoolmaster", Dutch poet
1816 - David Stuart, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1868
1818 - John Lorimar Worden, Capt (Union Navy), died in 1897
1821 - John Abbott, Quebec Canada, (C) 3rd Canadian PM (1891-92)
1821 - Luitpold von Bayern, Prince-regent of Bayern
1823 - William Flank Perry, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1901
1824 - Gustav R Kirchoff, Prussia, physicist (spectral analysis)
1826 - Robert Lowry, composer
1827 - John Robert Jones, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1901
1827 - William Richard Terry, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1897
1830 - William Felix Brantley, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1870
1831 - Clement Studebaker, automobile pioneer (Studebaker)
1832 - Charles Boycott, Ireland, estate manager/caused boycotts
1835 - Simon Newcomb, US, scientist/mathematician/astronomer
1837 - Felix Alexandre Guilmant, composer
1838 - William Perkin, inventor (1st artificial dye)
1848 - Cyrill Kistler, composer
1855 - John White, composer
1859 - Josef Cyril Sychra, composer
1859 - Abraham H. Cannon, Mormon apostle (d. 1896)
1860 - Salvatore Di Giacomo, composer
1862 - Jane Delano, US, nurse/teacher/founder (Red Cross)
1863 - Adolf A Wolfschoon, Curacao, poet
1863 - Gabriele D'Annunzio, Italy, writer/military hero (Intruder)
1863 - Vladimir Vernadsky, Russian mineralogist (d. 1945)
1864 - W. H. R. Rivers, British psychiatrist (d. 1922)
1874 - Edmund Eysler, Austrian composer
1875 - Julio Garreta, composer
1877 - Wilhelm Frick, German protector of Bohemia/Moravia
1878 - Gemma Galgani, Italian saint
1878 - Joseph Gustav Mraczek, composer
1880 - House Peters, England, silent film actor (Kansas Territory)
1880 - Nikolaos Georgantas, Greek discus thrower (d. 1958)
1880 - Henry Drysdale Dakin, British-American biochemist, known for the Dakin-West reaction (d. 1952)
1881 - Daniel Webster Hoan, Wisc (Mayor-Socialist-Milwaukee)
1881 - Gunnar Nordström, Finnish physicist (d. 1923)
1883 - Judge Jackson, composer
1883 - Zoltán Meskó, Hungarian Nazi (d. 1959)
1885 - Raphael HLAJM Verwilghen, Flemish architect/urban developer
1888 - Hall Johnson, composer
1889 - Philip Guedalla, historian
1889 - Þórbergur Þórðarson, Icelandic author (d. 1974)
1890 - A Evert Taube, Swedish writer/troubadour
1890 - Vaslav Nijinsky, Ukrainian/US ballet dancer (Petroesjka) [OS=Feb 28]
1890 - William Dudley Pelley, American leader of the Silver Legion (d. 1965)
1891 - Michael Polany, Hungarian/English chemist/economist/sociologist
1891 - George W. Mason, American industrialist (d. 1954)
1895 - William C. Lee, U.S. Army general (d. 1948)
1896 - Jesse "Lone Cat" Fuller, San Francisco Blues Great
1898 - Fredrik J "Frits" Bakker Jr, Dutch actor (Sold Grandpa)
1900 - David Croll, QC senator
1900 - Zoltan Vasarhelyi, composer
1904 - Ken James, cricket wicketkeeper (NZ's 1st Test, later Northants)
1907 - (Margaret Peggy McCrorie) Herbison, politician
1907 - Arthur Hewlett, British actor (d. 1997)
1907 - Dorrit Hoffleit, American astronomer (d. 2007)
1908 - David Saul Marshall, diplomat lawyer/politician
1908 - Inez Courtney, NYC, actress (13th Man, Crime Ring, Raven)
1908 - Rita Angus, New Zealand painter (d. 1970)
1910 - Roger L Stevens, producer (Giant)
1910 - Tony "Two-Ton" Galento, Orange NJ, boxer/actor (On the Waterfront)
1910 - Wilhelmus L Reijers, sculptor
1910 - Masayoshi Ohira, Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1980)
1911 - Gustavo Diaz Ordaz, president of Mexico
1912 - James McKay, lord provost of Edinburgh
1912 - Kylie Tennant, novelist (Battlers, Lost Haven)
1912 - Paul Weston, Springfield Mass, orchestra leader (Jim Nabors Hour)
1912 - Irving Layton, Canadian poet (d. 2006)
1913 - Harold Butler, cricketer (England pace bowler late 40's)
1914 - Jan Kapr, composer
1915 - Alberto Burri, Italian physician/sculptor/abstract painter
1917 - Googie Withers, Karachi India, actress (1 of Our Aircraft is Missing)
1917 - Tom Normanton, British MP
1918 - James Bracken, race horse trainer
1918 - Elaine de Kooning, American artist (d. 1989)
1921 - Giovanni Agnelli, CEO (Fiat Automakers)
1921 - Gordon MacRae, East Orange NJ, singer/actor (Oklahoma, Carousel)
1921 - Max de Metz, Dutch publisher/translator

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 1 of 1

Musician & member of the Beatles Paul McCartneyMusician & member of the Beatles Paul McCartney (1969) 1969 - Paul McCartney marries Linda Louise Eastman in London

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 119

417 - Innocent I, Italian Pope (401-417), dies
604 - Gregory I the Great, Pope (590-604), dies at 64
1209 - Djamal al-din Abu Mohammed Iljas Nizami, Persian poet, dies
1289 - King Demetre II of Georgia (b. 1259)
1374 - Emperor Go-Kogon of Japan (b. 1336)
1447 - Shah Rukh, ruler of Persia and Transoxonia (b. 1377)
1471 - Dionysius the Carthusian/van Rijkel, Dutch scholastic theologist, dies
1496 - Johannes de Lapide, [Johan Heynlin], German philosopher, dies
1507 - Cesare Borgia, cardinal/soldier/politician, killed in battle at 31
1563 - John Bull, composer of British natl anthem (God Save The King), dies
1570 - Jacob van den Eynden, Grand Pensionary of Holland, dies
1608 - Koriki Kiyonaga, Japanese warlord (b. 1530)
1628 - John Bull, English organist/composer, dies
1648 - Tirso de Molina, Spanish author, dies at about 63
1681 - French van Mieris, the Elder, Dutch genre painter, dies at 45
1699 - Peder Griffenfeld, Danish statesman (b. 1635)
1734 - Antonius Schultingh, [Schultingius], Dutch lawyer, dies at 74
1753 - George Berkeley, philosopher/bishop (Cloyne), dies on 68th birthday
1790 - Andreas Hadik, Austro-Hungarian general (b. 1710)
1824 - Heinrich Carl Ebell, composer, dies at 48
1831 - Johann Franz Volkert, composer, dies at 64
1832 - Daniel Friedrich Kuhlau, German/Danish opera composer, dies at 45
1834 - Karl W Feuerbach, mathematician (circle of Feuerbach), dies at 33
1840 - Friedrich Westenholz, composer, dies at 61
1852 - Juan Bros y Bertomel, composer, dies at 75
1872 - Zeng Guofan, Chinese politician and general (b. 1811)
1877 - Crystobal Oudrid y Segura, composer, dies at 52
1883 - Murrumgunarriman, [Twopenny], cricketer (Aboriginal team 1868), dies
1888 - Henry Bergh, founder (ASPCA), dies at 76
1889 - Yohannes IV, [Kasa], Emperor of Ethiopia (1872-89), dies in battle
1894 - Illarion Pryanishnikov, Russian painter (b. 1840)
1898 - Zacharias Topelius, Finnish-Swedish writer (b. 1818)
1902 - John Peter Altgeld, German/US governor of Illinois, dies at 54
1905 - Rudolf von Alt, Austrian painter, dies at 92
1908 - Edmondo de Amicis, Italian writer (L'idioma Gentile), dies at 61
1909 - Johanna "Lena" Bakker, Dutch actress/wife of Bruno Gerlach, dies at 34
1909 - Joe Petrosino, NYPD lieutenant (b. 1860)
1913 - Joseph Bayer, composer, dies at 61
Entrepreneur and Engineer George WestinghouseEntrepreneur and Engineer George Westinghouse (1914) 1914 - George Westinghouse, US engineer (Westinghouse Electric), dies at 67
1916 - M v Ebner-Eschenbach, writer, dies at 39
1924 - Hilaire Comte de Chardonnet, inventor (rayon), dies
1925 - Sun Yat-Sen, Chinese revolutionary president, dies at 58
1929 - Asa Griggs Candler, American businessman (b. 1851)
1930 - Alois Jirásek, Czech writer (b. 1851)
1930 - William George Barker, Canadian fighter ace (b. 1894)
1932 - Ivar Kreuger, "Swedish Match King" industrialist, commits suicide
1936 - David Beatty, 1st Earl Beatty and British Admiral of the Fleet dies of heart failure at 65 in London, England
1937 - Charles-Marie-Jean-Albert Widor, French organist/composer, dies at 93
British Admiral of the Fleet David BeattyBritish Admiral of the Fleet David Beatty (1936) 1937 - Jeno Hubay, composer, dies at 78
1941 - Charles Sanford Skilton, composer, dies at 72
1942 - Enrique Morera, composer, dies at 76
1942 - Robert Bosch, German industrialist (b. 1861)
1943 - Gustav Vigeland, Norwegian sculptor (b. 1869)
1944 - Artur Gavazzi, Croatian geographer (b. 1861)
1945 - Anne Frank, diarist (Diary of Anne Frank), killed in Belsen Camp aged 15
1946 - Philip Merivale, dies at 59
1947 - "Winston Churchill the American", American novelist (b. 1871)
1949 - Maria "Beppie" Bakker, Dutch actress/wife of Piet Vink Sr, dies at 95
1950 - L Heinrich Mann, German/US writer (Between the Races), dies at 78
Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust Anne FrankJewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust Anne Frank (1945) 1955 - Charlie "Bird" Parker, US jazz saxophonist, dies at 34 in NYC
1955 - Theodor Plievier, writer, dies
1957 - Harry Dean, cricketer (England left-arm bowler in 3 Tests, 1912), dies
1957 - Josephine Hull, actress (Harvey), dies at 71
1958 - Ingeborg, Princess of Sweden, dies at 79
1961 - Belinda Lee, actress (Joseph & his Brethren), dies in car crash at 25
1966 - Estelita Rodriguez, actor (Golden Stallion, Susanna Pass), dies at 37
1973 - Esther Williamson Ballou, composer, dies at 57
1973 - Frankie "Fordham Flash" Frisch, baseball player, dies at 74
1973 - Manuel Rojas Sepulveda, Chilean writer (Hijo de Ladron), dies at 77
1974 - Billy Fox, Protestant Dublin MP, assassinated
1974 - George D. Sax, Drive-in bank and instant loan innovator. Owner of the Saxony Hotel. (b. 1904)
1978 - John Cazale, actor (Dog Day Afternoon, Deer Hunter), dies at 41
1978 - Tolchard Evans, composer/conductor, dies
1980 - Arthur Charles Dobson, British racing driver (b. 1914)
1982 - Elisabeth Zernike, Dutch writer (Course of Events), dies at 90
1983 - Jevsei G Liberman, Ukraine economist (Plan, profit, bonus), dies at 85
1984 - Arnold Ridley, playwright/actor, dies at 88
1985 - Eugene Ormandy [Blau], Hungarian/US conductor, dies at 85
1988 - Billie Rhodes, dies
1988 - William Camp, dies at 74
1989 - Maurice Evans, actor (Bewitched, MacBeth), dies at 87
1990 - Wallace Breem, British author (b. 1926)
1991 - Etienne Decroux, French mime (Voyage, Surprise), dies at 92
1991 - Ragnar Granit, Finnish neuroscientist, Nobel laureate (b. 1900)
1992 - Barbara Morrison, actress (Proj Moonbase), dies of heart failure at 84
1992 - Hans G Kresse, Dutch cartoonist (Eric the Viking), dies at 70
1992 - Ida Oosterbaan, Dutch founder (Women Action Committee), dies
1992 - Karel Poons, father of Paul Deen, dies
1992 - Philippe Soupault, writer, dies
1992 - Salvo Lima, mayor (Palermo)/MP (chr-dem), murdered
1993 - Andreas J A I Bruggeman, Dutch mayor (Leiderdorp), dies at 62
1993 - June Valli, singer (Crying in the Chapel), dies of cancer at 62
1993 - Michael Kanin, screenwriter (Woman of the Year), dies at 83
1993 - Wang Zhen, marxist/vice-premier of China (1988), dies
1994 - Sandra Paretti, German/Swiss author (Drums of Winter), dies at 59
1995 - Juanin Clay, American actress (b. 1949)
1996 - Charles Bruce Perry, professor of medicine, dies at 92
1996 - Gyula Kallai, PM of Hungry (1965-67), dies at 85
1996 - John Anthony Bowden Cuddon, writer/teacher, dies at 67
1998 - Judge Dread, English musician (b. 1945)

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