This Day in History for 13th March

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 177

483 - St Felix III begins his reign as Catholic Pope
607 - 12th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet
624 - Battle of Badr, Muhammad's Muslim forces win significant victory over Meccan forces
1138 - German king Koenraad II von Hohenstaufen crowned
1519 - Cortez lands in Mexico
1560 - Spanish fleet occupies Djerba, at Tripoli
1564 - Cardinal Granvelle flees Brussels
1567 - Battle at Oosterweel: Spanish troops destroy Geuzenleger
1569 - Battle of Jarnac, Count of Anjou defeats Huguenots
1591 - Battle at Tondibi: Moroccans army under Judar beats sultan Askia Ishaq II of Songhai
1634 - Academie Francaise opens
1639 - Cambridge College renamed Harvard for clergyman John Harvard
1656 - Jews are denied the right to build a synagogue in New Amsterdam
1677 - Massachusetts gains title to Maine for $6,000
1735 - 1st US Moravian bishop, David Nitschmann, consecrated in Germany
1759 - 27th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet
1772 - Gotthold Lessing's "Emilia Calotti" premieres in Brunswick
1781 - Sir William Herschel sees "comet" (really discovered Uranus)
1790 - John Martin, 1st American-born actor, performs in Philadelphia
1797 - Cherubini's opera "Medée" premieres in Paris
Naturalist Charles DarwinNaturalist Charles Darwin 1835 - Charles Darwin departs Valparaiso for Andes crossing
1846 - Friedrich Hebbel's "Maria Magdalena" premieres in Königsberg
1852 - Uncle Sam cartoon figure made its debut in the NY Lantern weekly
1865 - Jefferson Davis signs bill authorizing use of slaves as soldiers
1865 - US Confederate Congress calls on black slaves for field service
1868 - Senate begins US President Andrew Johnson's impeachment trial
1869 - Arkansas legislature passes anti-Ku Klux Klan law
1878 - Oxford University defeats Cambridge University in their 1st golf match
17th US President Andrew Johnson17th US President Andrew Johnson 1884 - Siege of Khartoum Sudan begins
1884 - US adopts Standard Time
1887 - Chester Greenwood of Maine patents earmuffs
1888 - Great Blizzard of 1888 rages
1894 - J L Johnstone of England invents horse racing starting gate
1897 - San Diego State University is founded.
1900 - British troops occupy Bloemfontein, capital of the Orange Free State
1900 - In France the length of the workday for women and children is limited to 11 hours by law.
1904 - Bronze statue of Christ on Argentine-Chilean border dedicated
1911 - Ivan Caryll's musical "Pink Lady" premieres in NYC
1911 - Stanley Cup: Ottawa Senators beat Galt (Ont) 7-4
1912 - Stanley Cup: Quebec Bulldogs sweep Moncton (NB) in 2 games
1912 - Bulgaria and Serbia conclude an alliance pact ostensibly against Austria, but it secretly provides for a possible war against Turkey
1913 - Kansas legislature approved censorship of motion pictures
1915 - Dodgers manager Wilbert Robinson tries to catch a baseball dropped from an airplane, but the pilot substituted a grapefruit
Russian Revolutionary Leon TrotskyRussian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky 1918 - Trotsky gains control of the Red Army
1918 - American Red Magen David (Jewish Red Cross) forms
1918 - 1st NHL championship: Mont Canadiens beat Toronto Arenas, outscoring them 10-7 in a 2 game set
1920 - Wolfgang Kapp's coup attempt in Berlin fails
1921 - Mongolia (formerly Outer Mongolia) declares independence from China
1922 - George Bernard Shaw's "Back to Methusaleh V" premieres in NYC
1922 - WRR-AM in Dallas TX begins radio transmissions
1922 - NHL Championship: Ottawa Senators outscore Toronto St Pats, 5 to 4, in 2 games
1923 - Lee de Forest demonstrates his sound-on-film moving pictures (NYC)
Playwright George Bernard ShawPlaywright George Bernard Shaw 1924 - German Republic day
1925 - NHL Championship: Montreal Canadiens sweep Toronto Arenas in 2 games
1925 - Tennessee makes it unlawful to teach evolution
1928 - Rudolph Friml's musical "Three Musketeers" premieres in NYC
1929 - Bradman scores 123 Aust v England at MCG, his 2nd Test Cricket century
1930 - Clyde Tombaugh announces discovery of Pluto at Lowell Observatory
1933 - Banks reopen
1933 - Joseph Goebbels becomes Nazi Germany's Minister of Information and Propaganda
Nazi Minister of Propaganda and Information Joseph GoebbelsNazi Minister of Propaganda and Information Joseph Goebbels 1935 - Driving tests introduced in Great Britain
1938 - Anschluss - Austria annexed by Nazi Germany
1938 - World News Roundup is broadcast for the first time on CBS Radio in the United States.
1940 - Finland-Russian cease fire signed, the Winter War ends. Finland gives up Karelische
1941 - A Bougne forms AGRA (Amis du Grand Reich Allemand)
1942 - Julia Flikke, Nurse Corps, becomes 1st woman colonel in US army
1943 - Baseball approves official ball (with cork & balata)
1943 - Failed assassin attempt on Hitler during Smolensk-Rastenburg flight
1943 - Frank Dixon wins Knights of Columbus mile (4:09.6)
1944 - USSR recognizes Italian Badoglio government
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf HitlerDictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler 1945 - Queen Wilhelmina returns to Netherlands
1945 - Sicherheitsdienst arrest Dutch resistance fighter Henry Werkman
1947 - "Brigadoon" opens at Ziegfeld Theater NYC for 581 performances
1947 - 19th Academy Awards - "Best Years of Lives", De Havilland, March win
1948 - 10th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Kentucky beats Baylor 58-42
1949 - US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Yvonne C Sherman
1949 - US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Richard Button
1950 - General Motors reports net earnings of $656,434,232 (record)
1951 - 2nd Dutch government of Drees forms
1951 - Israel demands DM 6.2 billion compensation from Germany
1954 - Braves' Bobby Thomson breaks his ankle, he is replaced by Hank Aaron
1954 - Viet Minh General Giap opens assault on That Bien Phu
1955 - Bir BSD Mahendra succeeds Tribhubana as king of Nepal
1955 - Patty Berg wins LPGA Titleholders Golf Championship
1956 - NZ bowl out WI for 77 at Eden Park to score their 1st Test Cricket win
Cuban President and Dictator Fulgencio BatistaCuban President and Dictator Fulgencio Batista 1957 - Bloody battles after anti-Batista demonstration in Havana Cuba
1958 - Government troops land in Sumatra Indonesia
1960 - Fay Crocker wins LPGA Titleholders Golf Championship
1960 - NFL's Chicago Cardinals moves to St Louis
1960 - White Sox unveil new road uniforms with players' names above number
1961 - Elizabeth Gurley Finn (70) becomes pres of US Communist Party
1961 - Floyd Patterson KOs Ingemar Johansson in 6 for heavyweight boxing title
1961 - JFK sets up the Alliance for Progress
1961 - Landslide in USSR, kills 145
1961 - Old type, black & white notes cease to be legal tender
35th US President John F. Kennedy35th US President John F. Kennedy 1962 - Yugoslavia grants 1,000 prisoners amnesty
1963 - 2 Russian reconnaissance flights over Alaska
1963 - Hindemith & Wilder's opera "Long Christmas Dinner" premieres in NYC
1963 - Indonesia & Netherlands recover diplomatic relations
1964 - Turkey threatens Cyprus with armed attack

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 232

1372 - Louis of Valois, Duke of Orléans, brother of Charles VI of France (d. 1407)
1548 - Sasbout Vosmeer, Dutch Catholic theologist/apostole
1599 - Johannes Berchmans, Dutch Jesuit/saint
1615 - Innocent XII, [Antonio Pignatelli], Pope (1691-1700)
1683 - John Theophilus Desaguliers, French-British philosopher (d. 1744)
1696 - Louis F A D Duke de Richelieu, French marshal
1700 - James Kent, composer
1700 - Michel Blavet, composer
1712 - Isfrid Kayser, composer
1719 - John Griffin Whitwell, 4th Baron Howard de Walden, British field marshal (d. 1797)
1720 - Charles Bonnet, Swiss naturalist and writer (d. 1793)
1741 - Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor (1764-90) (d. 1790)
1744 - David Allan, Scottish painter
1746 - Maurus Haberhauer, composer
1763 - Guillaume Marie Anne Brune, French marshal (d. 1815)
1764 - Charles Earl Grey, (Whig), British PM (1830-34)
1767 - Heinrich Domnich, composer
1768 - Charles Louis WJ van Keverberg, Dutch civil servant
1770 - Daniel Lambert, England, giant (weighed 739 lbs (334 kg) at death)
1779 - Oliver Shaw, composer
1781 - Karl F Schinkel, German architect/painter/writer (Schloss Tegel)
1798 - Abigail Powers Fillmore, 1st lady (1850-53)
1815 - James Curtis Hepburn, American missionary and linguist (d. 1911)
1818 - Albion Parris Howe, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1897
1820 - Louis Herbert, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1901
1822 - Moritz Grave von Strachwitz, German poet
1832 - Alberto Randegger, composer
1850 - Emilio Serrano y Ruiz, composer
Astronomer Percival LowellAstronomer Percival Lowell (1855) 1855 - Percival "Percy" Lowell, US astronomer (predicted discovery of Pluto)
1858 - Maximilien Luce, French painter
1859 - Ivo Bligh, cricketer (Lord Darnley England capt v Australia 1882-83)
1860 - Hugo Wolf, Austrian composer (d. 1903)
1862 - Vasily Mikhaylovich Metallov, composer
1864 - Alexej von Jawlensky, Russian painter (d. 1941)
1870 - Albert Meyer, member of the Swiss Federal Council in the 1930s (d. 1953)
1872 - Oswald Garrison Villard, American journalist
1875 - Maria E G "Lizzy" Ansingh, Dutch painter (Caught Sultane)
1881 - Balthazar H Verhagen, Neth/South African dramatist/writer
1883 - Enrico Toselli, composer
1884 - Emanuel Stickelberger, Swiss writer (Bluthochzeit)
1884 - Hugh S Walpole, NZ, novelist/playwright (Jeremy, Maradick at 40)
1884 - Oskar Loerke, German writer (Longest Day-1926)
1886 - Henri D Gagnebin, Swiss organist
1886 - John "Home Run" Baker, hall of famer (hit 2 HR in 1911 world series)
1887 - Carlos Isamitt, composer
1890 - Michael Taube, composer
1890 - Fritz Busch, German conductor (d. 1951)
1892 - Alec Rowley, composer
1892 - Janet Flanner, journalist (New Yorker)
1896 - Dorothy Aldis, writer
1897 - Marcel Thiry, Belgian poet (Statue of Fatigue)
1897 - William Herald, Australia, swimmer (Olympic-1920)
1898 - Josie Sedgwick, TX, actress (Son of Oklahoma)
1899 - Pancho Vladigerov, composer
1899 - Jan Lechoń, Polish poet (d. 1956)
1900 - Béla Guttman, Hungarian footballer (d. 1981)
1901 - Paul Fix, Dobbs Ferry NY, actor (Rifleman)
1904 - Henry Iliffe Cozens, pilot
1907 - Mircea Eliade, religious historian (Le Yoga) [O.S. 02-28]
1907 - Albert Hughes Williams, teacher/historian
1907 - Dona Maria Pia de Braganca, pretender to the Portuguese throne
1907 - Frank Wilcox, DeSoto Mo, actor (John-Beverly Hillbillies)
1907 - Oscar Brink, latinist
1908 - Helen Sinclair Glatz, musician
1908 - Paul Stewart, NYC, actor (Top Secret USA, Deadline)
1908 - Walter Annenberg, Milwaukee, publisher (Triangle-TV Guide)/Amb to GB
1909 - Gilbert Inglefield, Mayor of London (1967-68)
1910 - Sammy Kaye, Rocky River Ohio, orchestra leader (Sammy Kaye Show)
1910 - Karl Gustav Ahlefeldt, Danish actor (d. 1985)
1911 - Jose Ardevol, composer
1911 - L[aFayette] Ron Hubbard, sci-fi writer/scientologist (Dianetics)
1912 - Ernst Hess, composer
1912 - Igor Youskevitch, dancer
1912 - James Friell, political cartoonist
1913 - Sammy Kaye, saxophonist (Swing & Sway with Sammy Kaye)
CIA Director William CaseyCIA Director William Casey (1913) 1913 - William J Casey, headed CIA during Iran-contra scandal (1981-87)
1913 - Lambros Konstantaras, Greek actor (d. 1985)
1913 - Sergey Mikhalkov, Russian writer
1914 - Carl-Olof Anderberg, composer
1914 - Tessie O'Shea, entertainer
1914 - Edward O'Hare, American pilot (d. 1943)
1914 - W.O. Mitchell, Canadian writer (d. 1998)
1916 - Corinne Boggs, political administrator
1916 - Lindy Boggs, (Rep-D-LA, 1973-1991), (d. 2013)
1917 - Ina Ray Hutton, Chicago Ill, orchestra leader (Ina Ray Hutton Show)
1917 - Maria Vlamynck, Flemish author
1917 - Tessie O'Shea, England, actress (Entertainers)
1918 - Faye Glenn Abdellan, US government official (health services)
1918 - George McAfee, NFL halfback (Chicago Bears)
1920 - Frans van der Elst, Flemish attorney/MP (Volksunie)
1921 - Allan Jaffee, comic strip cartoonist/illustrator (MAD Magazine)
1921 - Cyril Poole, cricketer (England batsman against India 1951-52)
1922 - Brun Smith, cricketer (NZ right-handed batsman of late 1940's)
1922 - Jim Rodger, sports writer
1923 - William F. Bolger, 65th Postmaster General of the United States (d. 1989)
1925 - Anthony Milner, composer
1925 - Bertha Tickey, Dinuba California, softball pitcher (Hall of Fame 1973)
1925 - Roy Haynes, US jazz drummer (Trio Music with Chick Corea)
1926 - Frederick Hemming McClintock, criminologist
1926 - RaulAlfonsín, Argentine pres (1983-89) (or 3/12/1927)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 4 of 4

Economist and Demographer Thomas MalthusEconomist and Demographer Thomas Malthus (1804) 1804 - Economist Thomas Robert Malthus (38) weds Harriet Eckersall in Bath, Somerset
1926 - Country singer Maybelle Carter (17) weds Ezra Carter
1961 - Pablo Picasso (79) marries his model Jacqueline Rocque (37)
1994 - Cuba Godding Jr (26) weds Sara Kapfer (26)

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 132

624 - Abu Sufjan becomes Quraish chief and leader of Mecca after loss at Battle of Badr against Muslim forces
1202 - Mieszko III, the Elder, grand duke of Poland (1173-77, 1200-02), dies
1271 - Henry of Almain, English crusader (b. 1235)
1395 - John Barbour, Scottish poet
1516 - Vladislav II Jagiello, king of Bohemia (1490-1516), dies at 60
1558 - Jean Fernel, French physician/physiologist, dies
1569 - Louis Condé, French prince/co-leader of Hugenots, dies in Battle of Jarnac
1573 - Michel de l'Hôpital, French statesman
1604 - Arnaud d'Ossat, French diplomat and writer (b. 1537)
1619 - Richard Burbage, English actor (Shakespeare), dies
1711 - Nicolas Boileau-Despréaux, French poet and critic (b. 1636)
1716 - Georg Gabriel Schutz, composer, dies at 46
1756 - Johann Melchior Conradi, composer, dies at 81
1773 - Philibert Commerçon, French naturalist and explorer (b. 1727)
1778 - Charles le Beau, French historian (b. 1701)
1803 - William Emes, English landscape architect (b. 1729 or 1730)
1808 - King Christian VII of Denmark (b. 1749)
1817 - Matej Sojka, composer, dies at 77
1837 - Nikita P Panin, Russian diplomat/min of Foreign affairs, dies at 66
1839 - Robert Gallenberg, composer, dies at 55
1842 - Henry Shrapnel, British soldier and inventor (b. 1761)
1879 - Adolf Anderssen, German world champ chess (1851..66), dies at 60
1881 - Alexander II, Tsar of Russia, assassinated at 62
1884 - Leland Stanford, Jr., son of American railroad magnate, Stanford University named for him (b. 1868)
1890 - Henry Wylde, composer, dies at 67
23rd US President Benjamin Harrison23rd US President Benjamin Harrison (1901) 1901 - Benjamin Harrison, 23rd President of the United States (1889-93), dies in Indianapolis at 67
1903 - Nicolas Beets [Hildebrand], Dutch writer (Camera Obscura), dies at 88
1906 - Susan Brownell Anthony, American suffragist, dies at 85
1911 - Jacob M van Bemmelen, Dutch physicist/chemist, dies at 80
1911 - John J. Toffey, American Civil War Medal of Honor Recipient (b. 1844)
1915 - Sergei J Witte, Dutch count/premier of Russia, dies at 65
1918 - Karel Stecker, composer, dies at 57
1918 - William Courtleigh, actor (Susie Snowflake), dies at 26
1925 - Lucille Ricksen, American actress (b. 1909)
Suffragette Susan Brownell AnthonySuffragette Susan Brownell Anthony (1906) 1930 - Mary E W Freeman, US writer (Pembroke), dies at 77
1934 - Fritz Cortolezis, composer, dies at 56
1938 - Clarence S Darrow, Scopes Monkey Trial attorney, dies in Chicago at 80
1938 - Nikolai Ivanovich Bukharin, Russian politician and intellectual (b. 1888)
1941 - A Coenradi, Dutch resistance fighter, executed
1941 - Bernard Ijzerdraat, Dutch resistance fighter, executed
1941 - E Hellendoorn, Dutch resistance fighter, executed
1941 - Isaak E Babel, Russian writer (Zakat, Marija), executed at 46
1941 - J Eyl, Dutch resistance fighter, executed
1941 - Elizabeth Madox Roberts, American poet and novelist (b. 1881)
1943 - Stephen Vincent Benét, American author (b. 1898)
1945 - Herbert Bedford, composer, dies at 78
1946 - Abraham Bredius, Dutch art historian (Rembrandt), dies at 90
1946 - Thomas Frederick Dunhill, composer, dies at 69
1946 - Werner von Blomberg, German minister of Reichswehr, dies at 67
1949 - Henri Giraud, French general (b. 1879)
1951 - Alfred Hugenberg, German RC pres-dir of Krupp/media magnate, dies
1951 - James I Wedgwood, British theosophist/Catholic bishop, dies at 67
1955 - Maharajadhiraja Tribhuvana Bir Bikram Yung Bahadur Shum Shere, dies
1955 - Yung Deva, king of Nepal (191.-55), dies at about 48
1957 - Lena Ashwell, Engl actress/theatrical manager (Kingsway), dies at 84
1963 - Austin Dobson, British racing driver (b. 1912)
1964 - Kitty Genovese, stabbed to death in Queens; 40 neighbors looked on
1965 - George Calinescu, Romanian author (Lauda Lucrorilor), dies at 65
1965 - Corrado Gini, Italian statistician (b. 1884)
1965 - Fan S. Noli, Albanian bishop, poet, and politician (b. 1882)
1965 - Vittorio Jano, Italian engineer (b. 1891)
1967 - Frank Worrell, West indian cricketer, dies
1969 - Felix Locher, actor (Frankenstein's Daughter), dies at 86
1970 - Rick Besoyan, composer, dies at 45
1971 - Piero Coppola, composer, dies at 82
1971 - Rockwell Kens, US artist/painter/illustrator, dies at 88
1972 - Tony Ray-Jones, British photographer (b. 1941)
1973 - Stacy Harris, actor (NOPD, Doorway to Danger), dies at 54
1974 - Howard St John, actor (Investigator, Dr Lewis-Hank), dies at 68
1974 - Janos Prohaska, actor (Andy Williams Show), dies at 52
1975 - Ali Sastroamidjojo, Indonesian attorney/minister/premier, dies at 71
1975 - Ivo Andric, Yugoslavian author (Nemiri-Nobel 1961), dies at 82
1975 - Jean Del Val, actor (Sainted Devil, Flying Deuces), dies at 83
1975 - Ruth Schaumann, German author/painter/sculptor, dies at 75
1976 - Willy Alfredo, [Willem Jue], Dutch comedian/poet, dies at 77
1977 - Fanie Lou Hamer, freedom fighter, dies
1977 - Jan Patocka, Czech philosopher, dies in prison
1978 - David McKinley Williams, composer, dies at 91
1978 - Ghulam Mustafa Guard, cricketer (3 wkts in 2 Tests for India), dies
1980 - Tauno Kullerve Pylkkanen, composer, dies at 61
1982 - Albert Weisser, composer, dies at 64
1982 - Wilfred Hawker, Suriname sgt-major, executed
1983 - Louison Bobet, French cyclist (Tour de France 1953-55), dies at 58
1983 - Paul R Citroen, Dutch sculptor, dies at 86
1984 - Dick Whitington, journalist/cricketer (South Aust & AIF bat), dies
1986 - Alvaro Fayad Delgado, Colombian guerilla leader (M-19), dies
1987 - Bernhard Grzimek, West German zoologist, dies at 77
1987 - Finn Videro, composer, dies at 80
1987 - Gerald Moore, England, pianist (Am I Too Loud), dies at 87
1988 - Olive Carey, actress (Affairs With a Stranger), dies at 92
1990 - Bruno Bettelhelm, Austrian/US psychoanalyst, commits suicide at 86
1990 - Bruno Bettelheim, American psychiatrist (b. 1903)
1990 - Karl Münchinger, German conductor (b. 1915)
1991 - Cor Witschge, [Pipo the Clown], Dutch actor (Alicia), dies at 65
1991 - Jimmy McPartland, US, jazz cornetist, dies
1992 - Clarence Wright, singer, dies at 84
1992 - Hans Redeker, Dutch art critic (Algemeen Handelsblad), dies
1993 - Ralph Smith Fults, US gangster (Bonnie & Clyde gang), dies at 82
1994 - Danny Barker, US banjo player/guitarist (Bourbon St Black), dies at 85
1994 - Edward James "Murt" O'Donoghue, snooker player

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