This Day in History for 13th March

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 174

483 - St Felix III begins his reign as Catholic Pope
607 - 12th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet
1138 - German king Koenraad II von Hohenstaufen crowned
1519 - Cortez lands in Mexico
1560 - Spanish fleet occupies Djerba, at Tripoli
1564 - Cardinal Granvelle flees Brussels
1567 - Battle at Oosterweel: Spanish troops destroy Geuzenleger
1569 - Battle of Jarnac, Count of Anjou defeats Huguenots
1591 - Battle at Tondibi: Moroccans army under Judar beats sultan Askia Ishaq II of Songhai
1634 - Academie Francaise opens
1639 - Cambridge College renamed Harvard for clergyman John Harvard
1656 - Jews are denied the right to build a synagogue in New Amsterdam
1677 - Massachusetts gains title to Maine for $6,000
1735 - 1st US Moravian bishop, David Nitschmann, consecrated in Germany
1759 - 27th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet
1772 - Gotthold Lessing's "Emilia Calotti" premieres in Brunswick
1781 - Sir William Herschel sees "comet" (really discovered Uranus)
1790 - John Martin, 1st American-born actor, performs in Philadelphia
1797 - Cherubini's opera "Medée" premieres in Paris
Naturalist Charles DarwinNaturalist Charles Darwin 1835 - Charles Darwin departs Valparaiso for Andes crossing
1846 - Friedrich Hebbel's "Maria Magdalena" premieres in Königsberg
1852 - Uncle Sam cartoon figure made its debut in the NY Lantern weekly
1865 - Jefferson Davis signs bill authorizing use of slaves as soldiers
1865 - US Confederate Congress calls on black slaves for field service
1868 - Senate begins US President Andrew Johnson's impeachment trial
1869 - Arkansas legislature passes anti-Ku Klux Klan law
1878 - Oxford University defeats Cambridge University in their 1st golf match
1884 - Siege of Khartoum Sudan begins
1884 - US adopts Standard Time
1887 - Chester Greenwood of Maine patents earmuffs
1888 - Great Blizzard of 1888 rages
1894 - J L Johnstone of England invents horse racing starting gate
1897 - San Diego State University is founded.
1900 - British troops occupy Bloemfontein, Orange Free State
1900 - In France the length of the workday for women and children is limited to 11 hours by law.
1904 - Bronze statue of Christ on Argentine-Chilean border dedicated
1911 - Ivan Caryll's musical "Pink Lady" premieres in NYC
1911 - Stanley Cup: Ottawa Senators beat Galt (Ont) 7-4
1912 - Stanley Cup: Quebec Bulldogs sweep Moncton (NB) in 2 games
1913 - Kansas legislature approved censorship of motion pictures
1915 - Dodgers manager Wilbert Robinson tries to catch a baseball dropped from an airplane, but the pilot substituted a grapefruit
1918 - American Red Magen David (Jewish Red Cross) forms
1918 - 1st NHL championship: Mont Canadiens beat Toronto Arenas, outscoring them 10-7 in a 2 game set
1920 - Wolfgang Kapp's coup attempt in Berlin fails
1921 - Mongolia (formerly Outer Mongolia) declares independence from China
Playwright George Bernard ShawPlaywright George Bernard Shaw 1922 - George Bernard Shaw's "Back to Methusaleh V" premieres in NYC
1922 - WRR-AM in Dallas TX begins radio transmissions
1922 - NHL Championship: Ottawa Senators outscore Toronto St Pats, 5 to 4, in 2 games
1923 - Lee de Forest demonstrates his sound-on-film moving pictures (NYC)
1924 - German Republic day
1925 - NHL Championship: Montreal Canadiens sweep Toronto Arenas in 2 games
1925 - Tennessee makes it unlawful to teach evolution
1928 - Rudolph Friml's musical "Three Musketeers" premieres in NYC
1929 - Bradman scores 123 Aust v England at MCG, his 2nd Test Cricket century
1930 - Clyde Tombaugh announces discovery of Pluto at Lowell Observatory
1933 - Banks reopen
1933 - Joseph Goebbels becomes Nazi Germany's Minister of Information and Propaganda
1935 - Driving tests introduced in Great Britain
1938 - Anschluss - Austria annexed by Nazi Germany
1938 - World News Roundup is broadcast for the first time on CBS Radio in the United States.
Nazi Minister of Propaganda and Information Joseph GoebbelsNazi Minister of Propaganda and Information Joseph Goebbels 1940 - Finland-Russian cease fire signed, the Winter War ends. Finland gives up Karelische
1941 - A Bougne forms AGRA (Amis du Grand Reich Allemand)
1942 - Julia Flikke, Nurse Corps, becomes 1st woman colonel in US army
1943 - Baseball approves official ball (with cork & balata)
1943 - Failed assassin attempt on Hitler during Smolensk-Rastenburg flight
1943 - Frank Dixon wins Knights of Columbus mile (4:09.6)
1944 - USSR recognizes Italian Badoglio government
1945 - Queen Wilhelmina returns to Netherlands
1945 - Sicherheitsdienst arrest Dutch resistance fighter Henry Werkman
1947 - "Brigadoon" opens at Ziegfeld Theater NYC for 581 performances
1947 - 19th Academy Awards - "Best Years of Lives", De Havilland, March win
1948 - 10th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Kentucky beats Baylor 58-42
1949 - US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Yvonne C Sherman
1949 - US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Richard Button
1950 - General Motors reports net earnings of $656,434,232 (record)
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf HitlerDictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler 1951 - 2nd Dutch government of Drees forms
1951 - Israel demands DM 6.2 billion compensation from Germany
1954 - Braves' Bobby Thomson breaks his ankle, he is replaced by Hank Aaron
1954 - Viet Minh General Giap opens assault on That Bien Phu
1955 - Bir BSD Mahendra succeeds Tribhubana as king of Nepal
1955 - Patty Berg wins LPGA Titleholders Golf Championship
1956 - NZ bowl out WI for 77 at Eden Park to score their 1st Test Cricket win
1957 - Bloody battles after anti-Batista demonstration in Havana Cuba
1958 - Government troops land in Sumatra Indonesia
1960 - Fay Crocker wins LPGA Titleholders Golf Championship
1960 - NFL's Chicago Cardinals moves to St Louis
1960 - White Sox unveil new road uniforms with players' names above number
1961 - Elizabeth Gurley Finn (70) becomes pres of US Communist Party
1961 - Floyd Patterson KOs Ingemar Johansson in 6 for heavyweight boxing title
1961 - JFK sets up the Alliance for Progress
US President John F. KennedyUS President John F. Kennedy 1961 - Landslide in USSR, kills 145
1961 - Old type, black & white notes cease to be legal tender
1962 - Yugoslavia grants 1,000 prisoners amnesty
1963 - 2 Russian reconnaissance flights over Alaska
1963 - Hindemith & Wilder's opera "Long Christmas Dinner" premieres in NYC
1963 - Indonesia & Netherlands recover diplomatic relations
1964 - Turkey threatens Cyprus with armed attack
1965 - Beatles' "Eight Days a Week" single goes #1 & stays #1 for 2 weeks
1965 - Jeff Beck replaces Eric Clapton of the Yardbirds
1966 - Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Lagunita Golf Invitational

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 234

1372 - Louis of Valois, Duke of Orléans, brother of Charles VI of France (d. 1407)
1548 - Sasbout Vosmeer, Dutch Catholic theologist/apostole
1599 - Johannes Berchmans, Dutch Jesuit/saint
1615 - Innocent XII, [Antonio Pignatelli], Pope (1691-1700)
1683 - John Theophilus Desaguliers, French-British philosopher (d. 1744)
1696 - Louis F A D Duke de Richelieu, French marshal
1700 - James Kent, composer
1700 - Michel Blavet, composer
1712 - Isfrid Kayser, composer
1719 - John Griffin Whitwell, 4th Baron Howard de Walden, British field marshal (d. 1797)
1720 - Charles Bonnet, Swiss naturalist and writer (d. 1793)
1741 - Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor (1764-90) (d. 1790)
1744 - David Allan, Scottish painter
1746 - Maurus Haberhauer, composer
1763 - Guillaume Marie Anne Brune, French marshal (d. 1815)
1764 - Charles Earl Grey, (Whig), British PM (1830-34)
1767 - Heinrich Domnich, composer
1768 - Charles Louis WJ van Keverberg, Dutch civil servant
1770 - Daniel Lambert, England, giant (weighed 739 lbs (334 kg) at death)
1779 - Oliver Shaw, composer
1781 - Karl F Schinkel, German architect/painter/writer (Schloss Tegel)
1798 - Abigail Powers Fillmore, 1st lady (1850-53)
1815 - James Curtis Hepburn, American missionary and linguist (d. 1911)
1818 - Albion Parris Howe, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1897
1820 - Louis Herbert, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1901
1822 - Moritz Grave von Strachwitz, German poet
1832 - Alberto Randegger, composer
1850 - Emilio Serrano y Ruiz, composer
Astronomer Percival LowellAstronomer Percival Lowell (1855) 1855 - Percival "Percy" Lowell, US astronomer (predicted discovery of Pluto)
1858 - Maximilien Luce, French painter
1859 - Ivo Bligh, cricketer (Lord Darnley England capt v Australia 1882-83)
1860 - Hugo Wolf, Austrian composer (d. 1903)
1862 - Vasily Mikhaylovich Metallov, composer
1864 - Alexej von Jawlensky, Russian painter (d. 1941)
1870 - Albert Meyer, member of the Swiss Federal Council in the 1930s (d. 1953)
1872 - Oswald Garrison Villard, American journalist
1875 - Maria E G "Lizzy" Ansingh, Dutch painter (Caught Sultane)
1881 - Balthazar H Verhagen, Neth/South African dramatist/writer
1883 - Enrico Toselli, composer
1884 - Emanuel Stickelberger, Swiss writer (Bluthochzeit)
1884 - Hugh S Walpole, NZ, novelist/playwright (Jeremy, Maradick at 40)
1884 - Oskar Loerke, German writer (Longest Day-1926)
1886 - Henri D Gagnebin, Swiss organist
1886 - John "Home Run" Baker, hall of famer (hit 2 HR in 1911 world series)
1887 - Carlos Isamitt, composer
1890 - Michael Taube, composer
1890 - Fritz Busch, German conductor (d. 1951)
1892 - Alec Rowley, composer
1892 - Janet Flanner, journalist (New Yorker)
1896 - Dorothy Aldis, writer
1897 - Marcel Thiry, Belgian poet (Statue of Fatigue)
1897 - William Herald, Australia, swimmer (Olympic-1920)
1898 - Josie Sedgwick, TX, actress (Son of Oklahoma)
1899 - Pancho Vladigerov, composer
1899 - Jan Lechoń, Polish poet (d. 1956)
1900 - Béla Guttman, Hungarian footballer (d. 1981)
1901 - Paul Fix, Dobbs Ferry NY, actor (Rifleman)
1904 - Henry Iliffe Cozens, pilot
1907 - Mircea Eliade, religious historian (Le Yoga) [O.S. 02-28]
1907 - Albert Hughes Williams, teacher/historian
1907 - Dona Maria Pia de Braganca, pretender to the Portuguese throne
1907 - Frank Wilcox, DeSoto Mo, actor (John-Beverly Hillbillies)
1907 - Oscar Brink, latinist
1908 - Helen Sinclair Glatz, musician
1908 - Paul Stewart, NYC, actor (Top Secret USA, Deadline)
1908 - Walter Annenberg, Milwaukee, publisher (Triangle-TV Guide)/Amb to GB
1909 - Gilbert Inglefield, Mayor of London (1967-68)
1910 - Sammy Kaye, Rocky River Ohio, orchestra leader (Sammy Kaye Show)
1910 - Karl Gustav Ahlefeldt, Danish actor (d. 1985)
1911 - Jose Ardevol, composer
1911 - L[aFayette] Ron Hubbard, sci-fi writer/scientologist (Dianetics)
1912 - Ernst Hess, composer
1912 - Igor Youskevitch, dancer
1912 - James Friell, political cartoonist
1913 - Sammy Kaye, saxophonist (Swing & Sway with Sammy Kaye)
CIA Director William CaseyCIA Director William Casey (1913) 1913 - William J Casey, headed CIA during Iran-contra scandal (1981-87)
1913 - Lambros Konstantaras, Greek actor (d. 1985)
1913 - Sergey Mikhalkov, Russian writer
1914 - Carl-Olof Anderberg, composer
1914 - Tessie O'Shea, entertainer
1914 - Edward O'Hare, American pilot (d. 1943)
1914 - W.O. Mitchell, Canadian writer (d. 1998)
1916 - Corinne Boggs, political administrator
1916 - Lindy Boggs, (Rep-D-LA, 1973-1991), (d. 2013)
1917 - Ina Ray Hutton, Chicago Ill, orchestra leader (Ina Ray Hutton Show)
1917 - Maria Vlamynck, Flemish author
1917 - Tessie O'Shea, England, actress (Entertainers)
1918 - Faye Glenn Abdellan, US government official (health services)
1918 - George McAfee, NFL halfback (Chicago Bears)
1920 - Frans van der Elst, Flemish attorney/MP (Volksunie)
1921 - Allan Jaffee, comic strip cartoonist/illustrator (MAD Magazine)
1921 - Cyril Poole, cricketer (England batsman against India 1951-52)
1922 - Brun Smith, cricketer (NZ right-handed batsman of late 1940's)
1922 - Jim Rodger, sports writer
1923 - William F. Bolger, 65th Postmaster General of the United States (d. 1989)
1925 - Anthony Milner, composer
1925 - Bertha Tickey, Dinuba California, softball pitcher (Hall of Fame 1973)
1925 - Roy Haynes, US jazz drummer (Trio Music with Chick Corea)
1926 - Frederick Hemming McClintock, criminologist
1926 - RaulAlfonsín, Argentine pres (1983-89) (or 3/12/1927)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 3 of 3

1926 - Country singer Maybelle Carter (17) weds Ezra Carter
1961 - Pablo Picasso (79) marries his model Jacqueline Rocque (37)
1994 - Cuba Godding Jr (26) weds Sara Kapfer (26)

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 131

1202 - Mieszko III, the Elder, grand duke of Poland (1173-77, 1200-02), dies
1271 - Henry of Almain, English crusader (b. 1235)
1395 - John Barbour, Scottish poet
1516 - Vladislav II Jagiello, king of Bohemia (1490-1516), dies at 60
1558 - Jean Fernel, French physician/physiologist, dies
1569 - Louis Condé, French prince/co-leader of Hugenots, dies in Battle of Jarnac
1573 - Michel de l'Hôpital, French statesman
1604 - Arnaud d'Ossat, French diplomat and writer (b. 1537)
1619 - Richard Burbage, English actor (Shakespeare), dies
1711 - Nicolas Boileau-Despréaux, French poet and critic (b. 1636)
1716 - Georg Gabriel Schutz, composer, dies at 46
1756 - Johann Melchior Conradi, composer, dies at 81
1773 - Philibert Commerçon, French naturalist and explorer (b. 1727)
1778 - Charles le Beau, French historian (b. 1701)
1803 - William Emes, English landscape architect (b. 1729 or 1730)
1808 - King Christian VII of Denmark (b. 1749)
1817 - Matej Sojka, composer, dies at 77
1837 - Nikita P Panin, Russian diplomat/min of Foreign affairs, dies at 66
1839 - Robert Gallenberg, composer, dies at 55
1842 - Henry Shrapnel, British soldier and inventor (b. 1761)
1879 - Adolf Anderssen, German world champ chess (1851..66), dies at 60
1881 - Alexander II, Tsar of Russia, assassinated at 62
1884 - Leland Stanford, Jr., son of American railroad magnate, Stanford University named for him (b. 1868)
1890 - Henry Wylde, composer, dies at 67
1901 - Benjamin Harrison, 23rd President of the United States (1889-93), dies in Indianapolis at 67
1903 - Nicolas Beets [Hildebrand], Dutch writer (Camera Obscura), dies at 88
Suffragette Susan Brownell AnthonySuffragette Susan Brownell Anthony (1906) 1906 - Susan Brownell Anthony, American suffragist, dies at 85
1911 - Jacob M van Bemmelen, Dutch physicist/chemist, dies at 80
1911 - John J. Toffey, American Civil War Medal of Honor Recipient (b. 1844)
1915 - Sergei J Witte, Dutch count/premier of Russia, dies at 65
1918 - Karel Stecker, composer, dies at 57
1918 - William Courtleigh, actor (Susie Snowflake), dies at 26
1925 - Lucille Ricksen, American actress (b. 1909)
1930 - Mary E W Freeman, US writer (Pembroke), dies at 77
1934 - Fritz Cortolezis, composer, dies at 56
1938 - Clarence S Darrow, Scopes Monkey Trial attorney, dies in Chicago at 80
1938 - Nikolai Ivanovich Bukharin, Russian politician and intellectual (b. 1888)
1941 - A Coenradi, Dutch resistance fighter, executed
1941 - Bernard Ijzerdraat, Dutch resistance fighter, executed
1941 - E Hellendoorn, Dutch resistance fighter, executed
1941 - Isaak E Babel, Russian writer (Zakat, Marija), executed at 46
1941 - J Eyl, Dutch resistance fighter, executed
1941 - Elizabeth Madox Roberts, American poet and novelist (b. 1881)
1943 - Stephen Vincent Benét, American author (b. 1898)
1945 - Herbert Bedford, composer, dies at 78
1946 - Abraham Bredius, Dutch art historian (Rembrandt), dies at 90
1946 - Thomas Frederick Dunhill, composer, dies at 69
1946 - Werner von Blomberg, German minister of Reichswehr, dies at 67
1949 - Henri Giraud, French general (b. 1879)
1951 - Alfred Hugenberg, German RC pres-dir of Krupp/media magnate, dies
1951 - James I Wedgwood, British theosophist/Catholic bishop, dies at 67
1955 - Maharajadhiraja Tribhuvana Bir Bikram Yung Bahadur Shum Shere, dies
1955 - Yung Deva, king of Nepal (191.-55), dies at about 48
1957 - Lena Ashwell, Engl actress/theatrical manager (Kingsway), dies at 84
1963 - Austin Dobson, British racing driver (b. 1912)
1964 - Kitty Genovese, stabbed to death in Queens; 40 neighbors looked on
1965 - George Calinescu, Romanian author (Lauda Lucrorilor), dies at 65
1965 - Corrado Gini, Italian statistician (b. 1884)
1965 - Fan S. Noli, Albanian bishop, poet, and politician (b. 1882)
1965 - Vittorio Jano, Italian engineer (b. 1891)
1967 - Frank Worrell, West indian cricketer, dies
1969 - Felix Locher, actor (Frankenstein's Daughter), dies at 86
1970 - Rick Besoyan, composer, dies at 45
1971 - Piero Coppola, composer, dies at 82
1971 - Rockwell Kens, US artist/painter/illustrator, dies at 88
1972 - Tony Ray-Jones, British photographer (b. 1941)
1973 - Stacy Harris, actor (NOPD, Doorway to Danger), dies at 54
1974 - Howard St John, actor (Investigator, Dr Lewis-Hank), dies at 68
1974 - Janos Prohaska, actor (Andy Williams Show), dies at 52
1975 - Ali Sastroamidjojo, Indonesian attorney/minister/premier, dies at 71
1975 - Ivo Andric, Yugoslavian author (Nemiri-Nobel 1961), dies at 82
1975 - Jean Del Val, actor (Sainted Devil, Flying Deuces), dies at 83
1975 - Ruth Schaumann, German author/painter/sculptor, dies at 75
1976 - Willy Alfredo, [Willem Jue], Dutch comedian/poet, dies at 77
1977 - Fanie Lou Hamer, freedom fighter, dies
1977 - Jan Patocka, Czech philosopher, dies in prison
1978 - David McKinley Williams, composer, dies at 91
1978 - Ghulam Mustafa Guard, cricketer (3 wkts in 2 Tests for India), dies
1980 - Tauno Kullerve Pylkkanen, composer, dies at 61
1982 - Albert Weisser, composer, dies at 64
1982 - Wilfred Hawker, Suriname sgt-major, executed
1983 - Louison Bobet, French cyclist (Tour de France 1953-55), dies at 58
1983 - Paul R Citroen, Dutch sculptor, dies at 86
1984 - Dick Whitington, journalist/cricketer (South Aust & AIF bat), dies
1986 - Alvaro Fayad Delgado, Colombian guerilla leader (M-19), dies
1987 - Bernhard Grzimek, West German zoologist, dies at 77
1987 - Finn Videro, composer, dies at 80
1987 - Gerald Moore, England, pianist (Am I Too Loud), dies at 87
1988 - Olive Carey, actress (Affairs With a Stranger), dies at 92
1990 - Bruno Bettelhelm, Austrian/US psychoanalyst, commits suicide at 86
1990 - Bruno Bettelheim, American psychiatrist (b. 1903)
1990 - Karl Münchinger, German conductor (b. 1915)
1991 - Cor Witschge, [Pipo the Clown], Dutch actor (Alicia), dies at 65
1991 - Jimmy McPartland, US, jazz cornetist, dies
1992 - Clarence Wright, singer, dies at 84
1992 - Hans Redeker, Dutch art critic (Algemeen Handelsblad), dies
1993 - Ralph Smith Fults, US gangster (Bonnie & Clyde gang), dies at 82
1994 - Danny Barker, US banjo player/guitarist (Bourbon St Black), dies at 85
1994 - Edward James "Murt" O'Donoghue, snooker player
1994 - Sandra Paretti, romantic novelist, dies at 59

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