This Day in History for 15th March

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 193

44 BC - Julius Caesar, Dictator of the Roman Republic, is stabbed to death by Marcus Junius Brutus, Gaius Cassius Longinus, Decimus Junius Brutus and several other Roman senators on the Ides of March.
221 - Liu Bei, a Chinese warlord and member of the Han royal house, declares himself emperor of Shu-Han and claims his legitimate succession to the Han Dynasty.
351 - Constantius II elevates his cousin Gallus to Caesar, and puts him in charge of the Eastern part of the Roman Empire.
493 - Theodorik the Great beats Odoaker of Italy
933 - Battle at Riade: German King Henry I beats Magyaren
1311 - Battle of Halmyros: The Catalan Company defeats Walter V of Brienne to take control of the Duchy of Athens, a Crusader state in Greece.
1360 - French attack English south coast, raiding Winchelsea
1382 - Conservative "Popolo Grasso" regain power in Florence Italy
Roman Military Commander and Political Statesman Julius CaesarRoman Military Commander and Political Statesman Julius Caesar 1391 - Jew-hating Monk in Seville Spain stirs up people to attack Jews
1493 - Christopher Columbus returns to Spain after his 1st New World voyage
1545 - First meeting of the Council of Trent.
1560 - Failed assault on royal palace in Amboise, France
1562 - General Francois de Guise enters Paris
1580 - Spanish king Philip II puts 25,000 gold coins on head of prince Willem of Orange
1672 - King Charles II enacts Declaration of Indulgence
1729 - Sister St Stanislas Hachard, 1st American nun, takes her vows, N Orleans
1744 - French King Louis XV declares war on Britain
1778 - Nootka Sound, Vancouver Island discovered by Captain Cook
King Charles IIKing Charles II 1781 - Battle of Guilford Court House, SC (British suffer heavy losses)
1783 - In an emotional speech in Newburgh, New York, George Washington asks his officers not to support the Newburgh Conspiracy. The plea is successful and the threatened coup d'etat never takes place.
1812 - 1st Russian settlement in California, Russian River
1820 - Maine admitted as 23rd state of the Union
1827 - Freedom's Journal, 1st Black newspaper, publishes
1827 - University of Toronto is chartered
1848 - A revolution breaks out in Hungary. The Habsburg rulers are compelled to meet the demands of the Reform party.
1855 - Louisiana establishes 1st health board to regulate quarantine
First US President George WashingtonFirst US President George Washington 1862 - Gen John Hunt Morgan begins 4 days of raids near Gallatin, TN
1864 - Red River Campaign-Union forces reach Alexandria, LA
1867 - Michigan becomes 1st state to tax property to support a university
1869 - Cincinnati Red Stockings become the 1st pro baseball team
1869 - Cincinnati Red Stockings beat Antioch 41-7
1875 - 1st US cardinal (John McCloskey) invested
1877 - Commencement of 1st Test Cricket, Australia v England at MCG
1885 - 1st performance of Caesar Franck's "Lesson Djinns"
1887 - 1st salaried fish & game warden (William Alden Smith in Michigan)
1889 - 6 US & German warships perish in harbor of Apia Samoa, 200 die
1892 - 1st escalator patented by inventor Jesse W Reno (NYC)
1892 - NY State unveils automatic ballot booth (voting machine)
1897 - 1st indoor fly casting tournament opens, at Madison Square Garden
1901 - Horse racing is banned in San Francisco, last race Mar 16th
1903 - After years of fighting between the British and the rebellious Africans, the British claim supremacy over 500,000 square miles, thus controlling all northern Nigeria
1906 - Britons Rolls, Royce & Johnson form Rolls Royce Ltd
1907 - Finland is 1st European country to give women the right to vote
1908 - 1st performance of Maurice Ravel's "Rapsodie Espagnole"
1912 - Pitcher Cy Young retires from baseball with 511 wins
28th US President Woodrow Wilson28th US President Woodrow Wilson 1913 - 1st US presidential press conference (Woodrow Wilson)
1913 - Cleveland establishes 1st small claims court
1916 - Dutch merchant ship Tubantia torpedoed by German submarine & sinks in North Sea
1916 - Gen Pershing and 15,000 troops chase Villa into Mexico; they stay 10 for 10 months
1916 - University of Gent goes under Dutch control
1917 - [OS Mar 2] Nicholas II, the last Russian Tsar abdicates, nominates his brother Grand Duke Michael to secceed him
1919 - American Legion forms (Paris)
1922 - 1st southern radio station begins (WSB, Atlanta Georgia)
1923 - Lenin is hit with his 3rd stroke
1926 - Belgium's "black monday", franc falls
Italian Dictator Benito MussoliniItalian Dictator Benito Mussolini 1928 - Benito Mussolini modifies Italy electoral system (abolishes right to choose)
1930 - 1st seaplane glider flown, Port Washington, NY
1930 - 1st streamlined submarine of US navy, USS Nautilus, launched
1933 - NAACP begins coordinated attack on segregation & discrimination
1934 - US Information Service opens
1935 - George Headley completes 270 in cricket v England at Kingston
1937 - 1st blood bank forms (Chicago IL)
1937 - 1st state contraceptive clinic opens (Raleigh NC)
1939 - Hitler occupies Bohemia & Moravia (Czechoslovakia); Slovakia independent
Nazi Politician Hermann GoeringNazi Politician Hermann Goering 1940 - Hermann Goering says 100-200 church bells enough for Germany, smelt the rest
1941 - Blizzard in ND kills 151
1943 - Allied reconnaissance flight over Java
1943 - Red Army evacuates Kharkov
1944 - Italian town of Cassino destroyed by Allied bombing
1945 - 17th Academy Awards - "Going my Way", Bing Cosby & Ingrid Bergman win
1945 - Bert Shepard (1 legged WW II vet) tries out as a pitcher for Senators
1945 - Billboard publishes its 1st album chart (King Cole Trio is #1)
1945 - Catholic University of Nijmegen reopens
1945 - Dodgers open spring training at Bear Mountain NY
Actress Ingrid BergmanActress Ingrid Bergman 1946 - British premier Attlee agrees with India's right to independence
1947 - John Lee appointed 1st black commissioned officer in US Navy
1948 - Bradman scores 115 for the Australian cricket team v Western Australia
1948 - Sir Laurence Olivier on the cover of LIFE magazine
1948 - WCAU TV channel 10 in Philadelphia, PA (CBS) begins broadcasting
1949 - WICU TV channel 12 in Erie, PA (NBC) begins broadcasting
1949 - WLWD (now WDTN) TV channel 2 in Dayton, OH (NBC) begins broadcasting
Cricket Legend Donald BradmanCricket Legend Donald Bradman 1950 - Gian Carlo Menotti's opera "Consul" opens at Barrymore Theater NYC for 269 performances
1950 - NYC hires Dr Wallace E Howell as its official "rainmaker"
1951 - Persia nationalizes Anglo-Iranian Oil Company
1952 - "2 in the Aisle" closes at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC after 276 perfs
1952 - Greatest 24-hr rainfall begins: 187 cm at La Reunion, Indian Ocean
1953 - Patty Berg wins LPGA Titleholders Golf Championship
1953 - West Germany loses in soccer to Netherlands, 2-1
1954 - "CBS Morning Show" premieres with Walter Cronkite & Jack Paar
Broadcast Journalist Walter CronkiteBroadcast Journalist Walter Cronkite 1954 - WSJV TV channel 28 in Elkhart-South Bend, IN (ABC) begins broadcasting
1955 - Dutch 2nd Chamber requires TV licenses
1955 - US Air Force unveils self-guided missile
1955 - WLEX TV channel 18 in Lexington, KY (NBC) begins broadcasting
1956 - "My Fair Lady" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 2,715 perfs
1956 - Whipper Billy Watson beats Lou Thesz in Toronto, to become NWA champ
1957 - 3rd nation to explode a nuclear bomb (Britain)
1958 - "Body Beautiful" closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 60 performances
1958 - KULR TV channel 8 in Billings, MT (NBC/ABC/CBS) begins broadcasting
NBA Player Oscar RobertsonNBA Player Oscar Robertson 1958 - Oscar Robertson of Cin scores a NCAA midwest region-record 56 pts
1958 - Royals basketball star Maurice Stokes collapsed during a playoff game with encephalitis; He goes into a coma & is permanently disabled

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 270

270 - Saint Nicholas [Nikolaos of Myra], Patara Asia Minor, Greek Bishop (Santa Claus)
938 - Romanos II, Byzantine emperor (d. 963)
1275 - Margaret Plantagenet, English princess (d. 1318)
1455 - Pietro Accolti, Italian Catholic cardinal (d. 1532)
1493 - Anne Pierre Adrien duke of Montmorency, marshal of France
1591 - Alexandre de Rhodes, French Jesuit missionary (d. 1660)
1638 - Shunzhi Emperor of China
Christian Saint and Greek Bishop of Myra Saint NicholasChristian Saint and Greek Bishop of Myra Saint Nicholas (270) 1666 - George Bähr, German architect (Frauenkirche, Dresden) (d. 1738)
1678 - Dominique Marie Valet, French RC/old-catholic bishop
1713 - Nicolas Louis de Lacaille, astronomer who mapped the So Hemisphere
1733 - Johann Zoffany, German painter, baptized
1750 - Caroline Herschel, astronomer/discoverer
1754 - Silvestro Palma, composer
1767 - Andrew Jackson, Carolinas, General/(D) 7th US President (1829-37)
1779 - William Lamb, (Whig) Viscount Melbourne, British PM (1834, 1835-41)
1779 - Lord Melbourne, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, (d. 1848)
1790 - Nicola Vaccai, composer
US President & General Andrew JacksonUS President & General Andrew Jackson (1767) 1790 - Ludwig Immanuel Magnus, German mathematician (d. 1861)
1791 - Charles Knight, English publisher (d. 1873)
1801 - Coenraad J van Houten, Dutch cocoa manufacturer
1808 - Gaetano Gaspari, composer
1809 - Joseph Jenkins Roberts, 1st President of Liberia
1809 - Karl Josef von Hefele, German theologian (d. 1893)
1810 - Aernout Drost, Dutch literary (Hermingard van de Eikenterpen)
1811 - Robert Allen, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1886
1813 - John Snow, English epidemiologist (d. 1858)
1818 - Mariano Álvarez, Filipino general (d. 1924)
1821 - William Milligan, Scottish theologian (d. 1892)
1821 - Eduard Heine, German mathematician (d. 1881)
1821 - Johann Josef Loschmidt, Austrian scientist (d. 1895)
1824 - Branko Radicevic, Serbian poet (1st Serbian Uprising)
1824 - Jules Chevalier, French priest (d. 1907)
1830 - Paul von Heyse, Germany, writer (Nobel 1910)
1830 - Élisée Reclus, French geographer (d. 1905)
1831 - Edward Aylesworth Perry, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
1831 - Daniel Comboni, Italian missionary (d. 1881)
1835 - Eduard Strauss, Austria, composer (318 Dance)
1835 - John Henrie Kagi, American abolitionist (d. 1859)
1836 - Henrique Alves de Mesquita, composer
1838 - Alice Cunningham Fletcher, ethnologist (Stranger in Her Native Land)
1838 - Karl Davydov, Russian cellist (d. 1889)
1844 - Bransby Cooper, cricketer (in Dhaka Batsman in Australia's 1st Test)
1851 - Jozef Surzynski, composer
1852 - Augusta Gregory, Ireland, playwright/poet/Yates mistress
1854 - Emil Adolf von Behring, German physician; Nobel laureate (d. 1917)
1858 - Liberty Hyde Bailey, US botanist (Plantbreeding)
1864 - Johan Halvorsen, composer
1864 - Leslie Stuart, composer
1866 - Matthew Charlton, Australian politician (d. 1948)
1866 - Johan Vaaler, Norwegian inventor (d. 1910)
1867 - Lionel Pigot Johnson, England, poet/critic (Ireland & Other Poems)
1867 - Will Rossiter, composer
1868 - Grace Chisholm Young, English mathematician (d. 1944)
1869 - Stanisław Wojciechowski, President of Poland (d. 1953)
1871 - Betsy van den Arend, Dutch [Betje], actress (Miss Hobbs)
1873 - David Vaughan Thomas, composer
1873 - Lee Shubert, producer (theatres in NY & LA named after him)
1874 - Harold L Ickes, social activist, New Deal politician
1874 - Eugène Fiset, Lieutenant Governor of Quebec (d. 1951)
1878 - Hanson Carter, cricketer (Yorkshire Aussie WK of early 20th century)
1878 - Rezā Shāh Pahlavi [Rezā Khan], Shah of Iran (1925-41)
1879 - Gerrit J Heering, Dutch theologist (Fall of Christianity)
1882 - Jim Lightbody, American runner (d. 1953)
1884 - Rudolf Piskacek, composer
1887 - Marjorie Merriweather Post, American socialite and businesswoman (d. 1973)
1892 - James Basevi Ord, US army officer (d. 1938)
1894 - Slava Vorlova, composer
1897 - Jackson Scholz, American runner (d. 1986)
1899 - George Brent, American film actor (d. 1979)
1900 - Gilberto Freye, Brazilian sociologist/writer
1901 - Colin McPhee, Montreal Canada, composer (H2O, Mechanical Princibles)
1901 - J Pat O'Malley, England, actor (Touch of Grace, Gunn, Star!)
1901 - Theo Uden Marsman, Dutch orchestra leader
1902 - Kitty Masters, actress
1904 - George Brent, Dublin Ireland, actor (42nd St, Jezebel)
1905 - Berthold Schenck von Stauffenberg, attempted to assassinate Hitler
1905 - Joe E Ross, comedian (Gunther Toody-Car 54, Ritzik-Phil Silvers Show)
1907 - Jimmy McPartland, jazz trumpeteer/actor (Magic Horn)
1907 - Paul Maxey, Wheaton Ill, actor (Matt-Lassie, Mayor-People's Choice)
1907 - Zarah Leander, Swedish actress and singer (d. 1981)
1910 - An Rutgers van der Loeff-Basenau, children book writer (Skating Race)
1912 - Duncan Stuart Wilson-MacDonald, fighter pilot
Blues Singer Lightnin HopkinsBlues Singer Lightnin Hopkins (1912) 1912 - Lightnin' [Sam] Hopkins, Texas, blues stylist (Ball of Twine)
1912 - Louis Paul Boon, Flemish writer (Kapellekensbaan)
1913 - Lex Goudsmit, Dutch actor (Fiddler on the Roof)
1913 - MacDonald Carey, Sioux City Iowa, actor (One Life to Live, Dream Girl)
1913 - Jack Fairman, British racing driver (d. 2002)
1914 - Aniello Dellacroce, American gangster (d. 1985)
1915 - David Schoenbrun, CBS broadcast bureau head (Wash, Paris)
1915 - Richard Ward, Glenside Pa, actor (Beacon Hill)
1915 - Joe E. Ross, American actor and comedian (d. 1982)
1916 - Geert Lubberhuizen, publisher (Busy Bee)
1916 - Harry James, Albany Ga, trumpeter (married to Betty Grable)
1916 - Fadil Hoxha, Yugoslav politician (d. 2001)
1918 - Janet Leach, potter
1918 - Richard Ellmann, US, literary scholar/writer (Oscar Wilde)
1918 - Punch Imlach, Canadian hockey coach and general manager (d. 1987)
1919 - John Gregson, Liverpool England, actor (Gideon CID, Shirley's World)
1919 - Lawrence Tierney, Brooklyn, actor (Abduction, Dillinger)
1920 - Ranganandhan Francis, India, field hockey (Olympic-gold-1948, 52, 56)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 3 of 3

1964 - Actress Elizabeth Taylor (32) marries for the 5th time to actor Richard Burton (38)
Comedian/Actor Sacha Baron CohenComedian/Actor Sacha Baron Cohen (2010) 2010 - Stand-up comedian and writer Sacha Baron Cohen (40) weds actress Isla Fisher (36) in Paris, France
2014 - "Today" show anchor Savannah Guthrie (42) weds public relations Michael Feldman (45) at the Ritz Carlton Dove Mountain Resort in Tucson, Arizona

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 106

Roman Military Commander and Political Statesman Julius CaesarRoman Military Commander and Political Statesman Julius Caesar (44 BC) 44 BC - Julius Caesar, Roman military and political figure, is stabbed to death at 55
220 - Cao Cao, King of Wei (b. 155)
493 - Odiaker (Odoacer), German army leader/King of Italy (476-93), murdered
752 - Zachary, Greek/Italian Pope (741-52), dies [or Mar 22]
963 - Romanus II, Byzantine emperor (959-63), dies at 25
1034 - Mieszko II, King of Poland (1025-34), dies
1145 - Pope Lucius II
1311 - Walter V of Brienne, Duke of Athens at the Battle of Halmyros
1575 - Annibale Padovano, Italian composer (b. 1527)
1670 - John Davenport, Connecticut pioneer (b. 1597)
1673 - Salvatore Rosa, Italian painter (Baroque)/poet/music/actor, dies at 57
1701 - Jean Renaud de Segrais, French writer (b. 1624)
1711 - Eusebio Kino, Italian Catholic missionary (b. 1645)
1723 - Johann C Gunther, writer, dies at 27
1731 - Adolf H van Rechteren, Dutch diplomat/politician, dies at 75
1820 - Clemens Maria Hofbauer, patron saint of Vienna (b. 1751
1842 - Maria Luigi C Z S Cherubini, Italian composer (Dies Irae), dies at 81
1849 - Giuseppe Caspar Mezzofanti, Italian cardinal and linguist (b. 1774)
1880 - Jan K J de Jonge, Dutch historian, dies at 51
1881 - Emory Upton, US Union gen-maj (Selma), commits suicide at 42
1883 - Karol Studzinski, composer, dies at 55
1889 - Melville Reuben Bissell, American inventor of the carpet sweeper, dies of pneumonia at 45
1891 - Théodore de Banville, French writer (b. 1823)
1891 - Joseph Bazalgette, English civil engineer (b. 1819)
1898 - Henry Bessemer, English metallurgist (b. 1813)
1905 - Arnold Kerdijk, Dutch liberal/founder (Social Weekly), dies at 60
1905 - B Amalie Skram-Alver, Norwegian author (Paa St Jorgen), dies at 58
1906 - Alfred Gilpin Jones, lt-gov of Nova Scotia (1900-06), dies at 81
1918 - Jose Silvestre de los Dolores White Lafitte, composer, dies at 82
1918 - Juliette Marie Olga Lili Boulanger, composer, dies at 24
1918 - Lili Boulanger, composer, dies at 24
1929 - Pine-Top Smith, jazz pianist (Boogie Woogie Piano), dies at 24
1930 - Antonio Beltramelli, writer, dies at 51
Paleoanthropologist Davidson BlackPaleoanthropologist Davidson Black (1934) 1934 - Davidson Black, Paleoanthropologist, dies while working alone during the night, in Beijing, China at 49
1937 - H. P. Lovecraft, American horror writer (At the Mountains of Madness, Weird Tales), dies at 46
1938 - Edmund Tylecote, cricketer (England keeper in 6 Tests 1882-86), dies
1940 - Alfred Marr, cricketer (Test for Australia 1885, scored 0 & 5), dies
1941 - Alexej von Jawlensky, Russian painter (b. 1864)
1942 - Alexander van Zemlinsky, Austrian and US composer (African Dance), dies at 70
1944 - Otto von Below, German commandant (WW I), dies at 86
1945 - Herman B Wiardi Beckman, Dutch MP (SDAP), dies at 41
1951 - John S. Paraskevopoulos, Greek-born astronomer (b. 1889)
1954 - Arthur Fickenscher, composer, dies at 82
1957 - Ernst Nobs, Swiss Federal Councilor (b. 1886)
1959 - Lester Young, American musician (b. 1909)
1962 - Sam Wren, actor (Wren's Nest), dies at 64
1964 - Paul Cavanagh, actor (Black Arrow, Woman in Green), dies at 75
1966 - Abe Saperstein, founder (Harlem Globetrotters), dies at 63
1966 - Heinrich Lemacher, composer, dies at 74
1969 - Miles Malleson, actor/writer (Postman's Knock), dies at 80
1970 - Josef Martin Bauer, writer, dies at 68
1970 - Tarjei Vesaas, Nowegian author/novelist/writer (Isslottet), dies at 72
1971 - Jean-Pierre Monseré, Belgian cyclist (b. 1948)
1972 - Aleksandr Ivanovich Laktionov, Russian painter (b. 1910)
1973 - Carl Benton Reid, actor (Burke's Law), dies at 82
1975 - Antonino Rocca, professional wrestler/sportscaster, dies at 49
1975 - Aristotle S Onassis, Greek shipping magnate, dies at 69
1977 - Kamal Joemblat, Lebanese politician, murdered
1977 - Antonino Rocca, Argentine professional wrestler
1977 - Hubert Aquin, Quebec novelist, political activist and editor (b. 1929)
1981 - René Clair, French film director (b. 1898)
1983 - Jose Luis Sert, Spanish-US architect/urban developer, dies at 80
1983 - Rebecca West, English writer (b. 1892)
1985 - Radha Krishna Choudhary, Indian historian and writer (b. 1921)
1987 - Sterling W Cole, (Rep-R-NY), dies at 82
1988 - Dmitri F Polyakov, Russian secret-general/top spy for US, executed
1989 - Muhammad Jameel Didi, Maldivian poet (b. 1915)
1990 - Tom Harmon, NFL tail back (Heisman Trophy), dies at 70
1990 - Farzad Bazoft, Iranian-born journalist (hanged) (b. 1958)
1990 - Tom Harmon, American football player and broadcaster (b. 1919)
1991 - Budd [Lawrence] Freeman, US jazz saxophonist (Eel), dies at 84
1991 - Eileen Sedgwick, silent film actress (Hot Heels), dies at 93
1992 - Helen Deutsch, screenwriter, dies of natural causes
1992 - Jack Washburn, actor (Black Orchid), dies after long illness at 64
1992 - Vanessa Lee, actress (Split), dies at 71
1993 - Anthony Bowles, music writer (Jesus Christ Superstar), dies at 61
1993 - Dennis Gregory, actor (Village of the Damn), dies of pneumonia at 40
1993 - Ricardo M Arias Espinosa, president of Panama (1955-56), dies
1994 - Mae Zetterling, Swedish actress (Night Games), dies at 68
Swimmer Florence ChadwickSwimmer Florence Chadwick (1995) 1995 - Florence Chadwick, American swimmer, dies at 86
1995 - Carlos Menem Jr, son of Argentine pres, dies at 26
1996 - Helen Chadwick, artist, dies at 42
1996 - Olga Rudge, violinist, dies at 100
1996 - Roswell Leavitt Gilpatric, lawyer/diplomat, dies at 89
1997 - Gail Davis, (Annie Oakley), dies at 72
1997 - Victor Vasarely, Hungarian painter (b. 1906)
1998 - Benjamin Spock, American pediatrician and writer, dies at 94
2001 - Ann Sothern, American actress (b. 1909)
2003 - Dame Thora Hird, British actress (b. 1911)
2003 - Paul Stojanovich, Reality TV pioneer (b. 1956)
2004 - Sir William Pickering, New Zealand-born space scientist (b. 1910)
Pediatrician Benjamin SpockPediatrician Benjamin Spock (1998) 2004 - John Pople, English chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1925)
2005 - Bob Bellear, Australian judge (b. 1944)
2005 - Shoji Nishio, Japanese martial artist (b. 1927)
2006 - George Rallis, Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1918)
2006 - Red Storey, Canadian football player and hockey referee (b. 1918)
2007 - Charles Harrelson, American hitman and father of Woody Harrelson (b. 1938)
2007 - Bowie Kuhn, American commissioner of baseball (b. 1926)
2007 - Stuart Rosenberg, American film and television director (b. 1927)
2008 - Vytautas Kernagis, Lithuanian singer, TV shows announcer (b. 1951)

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