This Day in History for 17th March

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 186

45 BC - In his last victory, Julius Caesar defeats the Pompeian forces of Titus Labienus and Pompey the Younger in the Battle of Munda.
180 - Marcus Aurelius dies. Commodus is now the only emperor of the Roman Empire.
432 - St Patrick aged 16 is carried off to Ireland as a slave (traditional date)
455 - Roman senator Petronius Maximus becomes Emperor
1190 - Crusades complete massacre of Jews of York England
1337 - Edward, the Black Prince is made Duke of Cornwall, the first Duchy made in England.
1521 - Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan reaches the Philippines
1526 - French King Francois I freed from Spain
1537 - French troops invade Flanders
1580 - Prince Willem of Orange welcomed in Amsterdam
1658 - Pro-Charles II plot in England discovered
King Charles IIKing Charles II 1672 - England declares war on Netherlands
1722 - Willem KH Friso appointed mayor of Drente
1753 - 1st official St Patrick's Day
1755 - Transylvania Land Company buys Kentucky for $50,000 from a Cherokee chief
1756 - St Patrick's Day 1st celebrated in NYC at Crown & Thistle Tavern
1757 - Prince Mas Saïd of Mataram surrenders to Mangkubumi in Java
1762 - 1st St Patrick's Day parade in NYC
1766 - Britain repeals the Stamp Act
1776 - British forces evacuate Boston to Nova Scotia during Revolutionary War
1800 - British warship Queen Charlotte catches fire; 700 die
1804 - Friedrich Schiller's play "Wilhelm Tell" premieres
1824 - Britain & Netherlands sign a trade agreement
1833 - Phoenix Society forms (NY)
1836 - Texas abolishes slavery
1842 - Indians land in Ohio, a 12 square mile area in Upper Sandusky
1845 - Bristol man, Henry Jones, patents self-raising flour
1845 - Rubber band patented by Stephen Perry of London
1847 - "Macbeth" opera premieres in Florence
1854 - 1st park land purchased by a US city, Worcester, Mass
1860 - Japanese embassy arrives aboard Candinmarruh [sic]
1861 - Italy declares independence; Kingdom of Italy proclaimed
1863 - Battle of Kelly's Ford, VA (211 casualities)
1868 - Postage stamp canceling machine patent issued
1870 - Mass legislature authorizes incorporation of Wellesley Female Seminary
1871 - National Association of Professional Base-Ball players organized
1876 - 1st record high jump over 6' (Marshall Jones Brooks)
1876 - Gen Crook destroy Cheyennes & Oglala-Sioux indian camps
1877 - Bill Midwinter completes Test Crickets' 1st 5-wkt haul, 5-78 v Eng
1884 - John Joseph Montgomery makes 1st glider flight, Otay, Calif
1886 - Carrollton Massacre, (Mississippi) 20 African Americans killed
1891 - British Steamer "Utopia" sinks off Gibraltar killing 574
1894 - US & China sign treaty preventing Chinese laborers from entering US
1897 - Bob Fitzsimmons KOs James J Corbett in 14 for heavyweight boxing title
1898 - 1st practical submarine 1st submerges, NYC (for 1 hour 40 minutes)
1899 - Windsor luxury hotel in NYC catches fire, 92 die
1900 - Stanley Cup: Montreal Shamrocks sweep Halifax Crescents in 2
1900 - In South Africa, British troops relieve Mafeking, besieged by the Boers since 13 October, 1899.
1901 - Free thinking-Democratic Union forms in Netherlands
Artist and painter Vincent van GoghArtist and painter Vincent van Gogh 1901 - A showing of seventy-one Vincent van Gogh paintings in Paris, 11 years after his death, creates a sensation.
1902 - Stanley Cup: Montreal AAA beat Winnipeg Victorias, 2 games to 1
1906 - Stanley Cup: Montreal Wanderers beat Ottawa Silver 7, although both winning a game, Montreal outscores Ottawa 12-10
1906 - The Phi Kappa Tau Fraternity is founded at Miami University in Oxford, Ohio.
1908 - Quickest world heavyweight title fight (Burns KOs Roche in 88 seconds)
1908 - Tommy Burns KOs Jem Roche in 1 for heavyweight boxing title
1910 - DHC soccer team forms in Delft Neth
1912 - Camp Fire Girls organization announced by Mrs Luther Halsey Gulick
1913 - The Uruguayan Air Force is founded.
1917 - 1st exclusively women's bowling tournament begins in St Louis
Absolute monarch Nicholas IIAbsolute monarch Nicholas II 1917 - Tsar Nicholas II of Russia abdicates the throne [NS]
1917 - Delta Phi Epsilon is founded at New York University Law School.
1918 - US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Rosemary Beresford
1918 - US Mens Figure Skating championship won by Nathaniel Niles
1919 - Dutch steel workers strike for 8 hr day & minimum wages
1921 - Dr Marie Stopes opens Britain's 1st birth control clinic (London)
1921 - Lenin proclaims New Economic Politics
1921 - Sailors revolt in Kronstadt (thousands die)
1921 - The Second Republic of Poland adopts the March Constitution.
Marxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader Vladimir LeninMarxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader Vladimir Lenin 1924 - Eugene O'Neill's "Welded" premieres in NYC
1924 - Netherlands & USSR begin talks over USSR recognition
1924 - Sweden & USSR exchange diplomats
1926 - Dutch Calvinists oust Rev J G Geelkerken over Genesis 3
1926 - Richard Rodgers & L Hart's musical "Girl Friend" premieres in NYC
1926 - Spain & Brazil prevent Germany joining League of Nations
1927 - US government doesn't sign league of Nations disarmament treaty
1929 - General Motors acquires German auto manufacturer Adam Opel
1929 - Spanish dictator Primo de Rivera closes university of Madrid
Soviet Union Premier Joseph StalinSoviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin 1931 - Stalin throws Krupskaya Lenin out of Central Committee
1932 - German police raid Hitler's Nazi headquarter
1934 - Dollfuss, Mussolini & Gombos sign Donau Pact (protocols of Rome)
1935 - KSO-AM in Des Moines Iowa call sign is given to KWCR
1939 - Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945): The Battle of Nanchang between the Kuomintang and the Japanese breaks out.
1942 - Belzec Concentration Camp opens-30,000 Lublin Polish Jews transported
1942 - Gen Doug MacArthur arrives in Australia to become supreme commander
1943 - Aldemarin (Ned) & Fort Cedar Lake (US) torpedoed & sinks
1943 - F Hugh Herbert's "Kiss & Tell" premieres in NYC
WW2 General Douglas MacArthurWW2 General Douglas MacArthur 1945 - Allied ships bomb North-Sumatra
1950 - Belgian government of Eyskens resigns
1950 - Element 98 (Californium) announced
1951 - Government of Drees takes power
1951 - Test Cricket debut of Brian Statham, England v NZ Christchurch
1953 - Bill Veeck says he will sell his 80% of St Louis Browns for $2,475M
1953 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1953 - WBAY TV channel 2 in Green Bay, WI (CBS) begins broadcasting
1953 - WWLP TV channel 22 in Springfield, MA (NBC) begins broadcasting
Ice Hockey Player Maurice RichardIce Hockey Player Maurice Richard 1955 - After Maurice Richard is suspended for the remainder of the season, riots break out in Montreal. 37 people are injured and over 100 are arrested. The following morning, Richard goes on the radio to ask citizens to stop vandalizing the city.
1956 - 8th Emmy Awards: Ed Sullivan Show, Phil Silvers Show & Lucy Ball win
1957 - Dutch ban on Sunday driving lifted
1957 - Ramon Magsaysay, president of Philipines dies in a plane crash
1958 - Navy launches Vanguard 1 into orbit (2nd US), measures Earth shape

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 243

1231 - Emperor Shijō of Japan (d. 1242)
1473 - James IV, King of Scots (1488-1513)
1578 - Francesco Albana, Ital painter (Mary's Ascension)
1628 - Daniel van Papenbroeck, [Papebrochius], Flemish historian
1664 - Georg Osterreich, composer
1675 - Petrus Laurentius Wockenfuss, composer
1676 - Thomas Boston, Scottish church leader (d. 1732)
1685 - Jean-Marc Nattier, French portrait painter
1725 - Lachlan McIntosh, Scottish-born American military and political leader (d. 1806)
1746 - Jan David Holland, composer
1777 - Roger Brooke Taney, Calvert Md, 5th Chief Justice (Dred Scott dec)
1780 - Thomas Chalmers, 1st moderator (Free Church of Scotland 1843-47)
1781 - Dominique J de Eerens, governor-general of Neth Indies
1781 - Ebenezer Elliott, British Poet. Know as the "Corn Law Rhymer'" (d. 1849)
1787 - George Simon Ohm, physicist (discovered Ohm's Law)
1789 - Edmund Kean, London England, tragic actor (Shylock)
1804 - James Bridger, scout/fur trader/mountain man par excellance
1820 - Patrick Edward Connor, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
1820 - Jean Ingelow, English poet (d. 1897)
1825 - Rodolphe Bresdin, French cartoonist/lithographer (Le Bon Samaritain)
1826 - Oskar Peschel, German journalist/geography (Volkerkunder)
1828 - Patrick Ronayne Cleburne, Major General (Confederate Army)
1832 - Moncure Daniel Conway, US, abolitionist (Life of Thomas Paine)
1832 - Walter Quintin Gresham, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
1834 - Gottlieb Daimler, Germany, engineer/inventor/designed 1st motorcycle
1839 - Josef Rheinberger, Vaduz Liechtenstein, opera composer (Munich Conser)
1846 - Kate Greenaway, England, artist/book illustrator (Under the Window)
1848 - Horace Wadham Nicholl, composer
1856 - Mikhail Vrubel, Russian painter (d. 1910)
1862 - Silvio Gesell, Belgian economist (d. 1930)
1866 - Pierce Butler, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1939)
1870 - Horace Donisthorpe, British entomologist (d. 1951)
1872 - Billy Quaife, cricketer (England batsman 1899-1902)
1873 - Chard Somerset, 1st woman Cabinet minister (1929-31)
1873 - Margaret Bondfield, Brit Labour leader/1st woman cabinet member
1874 - Kincsem, horse that never lost a race
1874 - Stephen Samuel Wise, US, pres of Zionist Org of America
1876 - Frederic Ayers, composer
1877 - Albert P Hahn, Dutch political cartoonist (People/Nutcracker)
1880 - Guillermo Uribe Holguin, composer
1880 - Sir Patrick Hastings, British barrister (d. 1952)
1880 - Lawrence Oates, English army officer and Antarctic explorer (d. 1912)
1881 - Kristian Elster, Norwegian author (Less bror Harris)
1881 - Walter Rudolf Hess, Swiss physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1973)
1883 - Urmuz, Romanian writer (d. 1923)
1884 - Alcide Nunez, American jazz clarinetist (d. 1934)
1886 - Princess Patricia of Connaught, British princess (d. 1974)
1887 - Ben Sajet, Dutch physician/politician
1888 - Frank Buck, actor (Africa Screams, Tiger Queen, Tiger Fangs)
1888 - Paul Ramadier, French politician (d. 1961)
1890 - Harold Morris, composer
1892 - Sayed Darwish, composer
1892 - Benjamin Drake Van Wissen, Australian Engineer (d. 1984)
1894 - Paul Green, US, novelist/playwright (In Abraham's Bosom)
1895 - Shemp Howard, Bkln, comedian (3 Stooges, Bank Dick) [or 1891]
1897 - Jozef C. Mazur, American stained glass artist and painter (d. 1970)
1900 - Alfred Newman, New Haven, composer (Love is a Many Splendored Thing)
1901 - Eisaku Sato, premier of Japan (Nobel 1974)
Golfer Bobby JonesGolfer Bobby Jones (1902) 1902 - Bobby Jones Jr, Atlanta Georgia, amateur golfer (Grand Slam 1930)
1906 - Brigitte Helm [Gisele Eve von Kuenheim], Berlin, actr (Gloria, Gold)
1906 - Michael O'Shea, Hartford Ct, actor (Denny-It's a Great Life)
1906 - Tamara Geva, dancer
1907 - Jan M J van Houtte, premier Belgium (1952-54)
1907 - Sonny Werblin, former owner of the New York Jets (d. 1991)
1908 - Boris N Poveloi, [Kampov], Russian journalist/writer [OS=Mar 4]
1908 - Radie Britain, composer
1908 - Brigitte Helm, German actress (d. 1996)
1909 - Patrick Reilly, Ootacamund, India, British diplomat
1910 - Bayard Rustin, civil rights leader
1911 - Raffaele d' Alessandro, composer
1911 - Patrick Maitland, 17th Earl of Lauderdale, Scottish Unionist politician
1914 - Sammy Baugh, Texas, NFL hall of famer QB (Wash Redskins)
1915 - Hans Namuth, German/US photographer (Todos Santos, Guatemala)
1915 - William Roycroft, Austria, equestrian 3 day (Olympic-bronze-1976)
1915 - Henry Bumstead, American art director (d. 2006)
1916 - Ray Ellington, British singer (d. 1985)
1917 - Arthur Basil Cotle, medievalist
1917 - Brian Boydell, composer
1918 - D Arendo, [Arend Honhoff], Dutch pianist/composer (Eleonora)
1918 - Mercedes McCambridge, Joliet Ill, actress (All the King's Men)
1918 - Wilhelmus M J Russell, Dutch attorney/Member of 1st chamber (KVP/CDA)
1919 - Hank Sauer, baseball player (NL MVP 1952)
Musician Nat King ColeMusician Nat King Cole (1919) 1919 - Nat "King" Cole, Montgomery Ala, singer (Unforgettable, Mona Lisa)
1920 - John La Montaine, Oak Park Ill, composer (Pulitzer 1959), (d. 2013)
1921 - Mick Harvey, cricketer (in Newcastle Brother of Neil Test umpire)
1922 - Megan Bull, British head mistress (Holloway Jail)
1922 - Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, Founding Leader of Bangladesh (d. 1975)
1923 - Margaret Bondfield, 1st woman chairman (Trades Union Congress)
1924 - Stephen Dodgson, composer
1925 - G M Hughes, British zoologist
1925 - Jerome Lejeune, physiologist
1925 - Gabriele Ferzetti, Italian film and stage actor
1926 - Siegfried Lenz, German writer (Ein Kriegsende)
1927 - Kenneth S Goldstein, folklorist/enthomusicologist
1927 - Maurice Ingvar Karkoff, composer
1927 - Nancy Sheehan, writer
1927 - Patrick Allen, Malawi, actor (Roman Holiday, Dial "M" for Murder)
1927 - Sulkhan Ivanovich Nasidze, composer
1928 - Edino Krieger, composer
1928 - William John McKeag, Canadian politician (d. 2007)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 8 of 8

US First Lady Eleanor RooseveltUS First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt (1905) 1905 - Eleanor Roosevelt (20) marries Franklin D. Roosevelt (23) later 32nd US President in New York, & given away by her uncle, 26th President Theodore Roosevelt
1944 - Actor Charlton Heston weds Lydia Clarke
1955 - Erotic writer Anaïs Nin marries actor Rupert Pole at Quartzsite, Arizona, while still married to her first husband
1961 - Actor Christopher Lee (38) weds actress Gitte Lee (25)
1966 - The Who drummer Keith Moon (19) weds model Kim Kerrigan (18) at Brent Registry Office
1967 - Novelist Alice Walker (23) weds civil rights lawyer Melvyn Leventhal in New York City
1979 - Actor Kurt Russell (28) weds actress Season Hubley (28)
2006 - Publicist Lizzie Grubman (35) weds Chris Stern in New York

Famous Divorces

Divorces 1 - 1 of 1

Musician & member of the Beatles Paul McCartneyMusician & member of the Beatles Paul McCartney (2008) 2008 - Musician Paul McCartney (65) divorces former model and anti-landmines campaigner Heather Mills (40) on the grounds of unreasonable behaviour

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 138

45 BC - Titus Labienus, Roman leader
180 - Antonius Marcus Aurelius, [Marcus Verus], Emperor of Rome, dies at 58
461 - St Patrick, patron St of Ireland, dies in Saul (according to legend)
659 - Gertrude of Nivelles, Belgian abbess, patron saint of travellers, dies at about 32
1040 - Harold Harefoot (Harold I), King of England (1035-40), dies
1058 - King Lulach I of Scotland
1199 - Jocelin, bishop of Glasgow
1272 - Emperor Go-Saga of Japan (b. 1220)
1425 - Ashikaga Yoshikazu, Japanese shogun (b. 1407)
1516 - Giuliano de' Medici, monarch of Florence, dies at 37
1565 - Alexander Alesius, [Aless/Alane], Scottish theologist/physician, dies at 64
1588 - Petrus Dathenus, Flemish minister/physician (Psalms of David), dies
1605 - Pieter Bast, [Bastius], Dutch engraver/cartographer, dies at about 34
1640 - Philip Massinger, dramatist, dies
1649 - Gerardus Johannis Vossius, [Gerrit Vos], Dutch regent, dies at 71
1649 - Gabriel Lallemant, French Jesuit missionary, one of the Canadian Martyrs (b. 1610)
1653 - Johan van Galen, admiral (battle of Livorno), dies in battle at 48
1680 - Francois Duc de La Rochefoucauld, writer, dies
1704 - Menno baron van Coehoorn, fort builder/Coevorden/howitzer, dies at 63
1713 - Juraj Jánošík, famous Slovak outlaw [b. 1688)
1715 - Gilbert Burnet, Scottish Bishop of Salisbury (b. 1643)
1741 - Jean-Baptiste Rousseau, French poet (b. 1671)
1764 - George Parker, English astronomer, dies
1782 - Daniel Bernoulli, Dutch-born mathematician (b. 1700)
1796 - Pieter Paulus, lawyer/Dutch CEO (National Convention), dies at 41
1801 - Juan de Sesse y Balaguer, composer, dies at 64
1803 - Candido Jose Ruano, composer, dies at 42
1806 - David Dale, industrialist & philanthropist, dies
1830 - Laurent, Marquis de Gouvion Saint-Cyr, French marshal (b. 1764)
1846 - Friedrich W Bessel, German astronomer (Bessel Functions), dies at 61
1849 - William II King of the Netherlands (1840-49), dies at 56
Physicist Christian DopplerPhysicist Christian Doppler (1853) 1853 - Christian Doppler, Austrian physicist, dies at 49
1855 - Ramon Carnicer y Batlle, composer, dies at 65
1857 - Adolph Trube, composer, dies at 42
1861 - Petter Conrad Boman, composer, dies at 56
1862 - Fromental Halevy, [Elie Levy], French opera composer, dies at 62
1863 - John Pelham, US Confederate artillery major, dies in battle at 24
1864 - Alexandre Calamo, Swiss painter/etcher/lithographer, dies at 53
1889 - Joseph A Alberdingk Thijm, [Pauwels Foreestier], poet, dies at 68
1891 - Napoleon JKP Bonaparte, French prince/member Natl Convention, dies at 68
1893 - Jules Ferry, French statesman (b. 1832)
1898 - Blanche Kelso Bruce, (Sen-Miss, 1875-1881), dies at 57, in Washington
1901 - Franz Melde, German physicist (Melde Test), dies at 69
1902 - George William Warren, composer, dies at 73
1906 - Carlos Calvo, Argentina diplomat (Calvo Clause), dies at 82
1910 - Joaquin Valverde, composer, dies at 64
1915 - Walter Crane, English painter/cartoonist/illustrator, dies at 69
1927 - James Scott Skinner, composer, dies at 83
1933 - Ferdinand Von Alten, actor (Champagne), dies at 48
1941 - Isaak E Babel, writer, dies at 46
1941 - Isaak Emmanuilovich Babel, Rus writer (Crvena Konjica), executed at 46
1941 - Joachim Schepke, German commandant (U-100), dies in battle
1941 - Marguerite Nichols, American actress (b. 1895)
1946 - Dai Li, Chinese spymaster (b. 1897)
1949 - Felix Bressart, actor (Escape, Ninotchka, Iceland), dies at 54
1949 - Aleksandra Ekster, Russian painter (b. 1882)
1953 - Conrado del Campo y Zabaleta, composer, dies at 73
1954 - Victor Rousseau, Belgian sculptor, dies at 88
1956 - Fred Allen, comedian (Fred Allen Radio Show), dies at 61
Physicist/Chemist Irene Joliot-CuriePhysicist/Chemist Irene Joliot-Curie (1956) 1956 - Irene Joliot-Curie, French physicist, Nobel laureate, dies at 58
1959 - Raffaele d' Alessandro, composer, dies on 48th birthday
1961 - Susanna Salter, 1st US female mayor/temperance leader, dies at 101
1962 - Frank Orth, actor (Boston Blackie, The Brothers), dies at 82
1963 - William Henry Squire, composer, dies at 91
1965 - Almos Alonzo Stagg, football coach (U of Chic), dies in California at 102
1965 - Quentin Reynolds, newscaster (Its News to Me)/author (FBI), dies at 62
1966 - Walter Lang, composer, dies at 69
1967 - Frank Wisbar, director (Fireside Theater), dies at 67
1967 - Richard Reeves, actor (Murph-Date With an Angel), dies at 54
1970 - Fernand Crommelynck, Belgian playwright (Chaud et Frois), dies at 83
1971 - Ernst Bachmeister, writer, dies
1972 - Manny Martindale, cricketer (10 Tests for WI, 34 wickets), dies
1973 - Geertruida M W "Truus" Bakker, Dutch actress (2 Orphans), dies at 81
1974 - Carroll Nye, actress (Lawless Woman), dies at 72
1974 - Louis I Kahn, Estonia/US architect, dies at about 73
1976 - Luchino Visconti di Modrone, It director (Terra Diaeresis), dies at 69
1978 - George Dickinson, cricketer (8 wickets in 3 Tests for NZ), dies
1979 - Merv Inverarity, cricketer (father of John WA player 1925-40), dies
1980 - Rudolf G Escher, Dutch composer (Vrai Visage de la Paix), dies at 68
1981 - Paul Dean, American baseball player (b. 1913)
1982 - Hans ter Laag, Dutch sound technician, murdered in El Salvador
1982 - Jan Kuiper, Dutch news editor (IKON), murdered in El Salvador
1982 - Joop Willemsen, Dutch cameraman, murdered in El Salvador
1982 - Koos Koster, Dutch newscaster (IKON), murdered in El Salvador
1983 - Haldan Keffer Hartline, American physiologist, Nobel laureate (b. 1903)
1985 - Dattu Phadkar, cricketer (Indian all-rounder, 31 Tests 1947-58), dies
1986 - Hal Buckley, actor (John Quincy-OK Crackerby), dies at 49
1987 - Santo Trafficante, Jr., American gangster (b. 1914)
1988 - Reg Sinfield, cricketer (one Test for England v Australia 1938), dies
1988 - Nikolas Asimos, Greek counter-culture composer and singer (b. 1949)
1989 - Merritt Butrick, actor (Shy People, Wired to Kill), dies of AIDS at 29
1990 - Capucine, French actress and fashion model (The Pink Panther), dies of suicide at 62
1990 - Rick Grech, rocker (Blind Faith, Traffic), dies at 44
1992 - Charles Rea, British actor (Ipcress File), dies at 69
1992 - George Lovi, US columnist (Sky & Telescope's "Ramblings"), dies
1992 - Grace Stafford Lantz, cartoon voice (Woody Woodpecker), dies at 87
1992 - Jack Arnold, actor/dir (Sid Caeser Special, Emmy 1967), dies at 75
1993 - Helen Hayes, actress (Airport), dies of congestive heart failure at 92
1993 - Laadi Flici, Algerian MP, murdered
1993 - Skip Young, actor (Smokey & Hotwire Gang), dies at 62

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