This Day in History for 18th March

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 205

37 - The Roman Senate annuls Tiberius' will and proclaims Caligula emperor.
417 - St Zosimus begins his reign as Catholic Pope
731 - St Gregory III begins his reign as Catholic Pope
1123 - 1st Latern Council (9th ecumenical council) opens in Rome
1167 - Battle of El-Babein, Egypt: Franks under Amalrik vs Syrians
1184 - Battle of Ichi-no-Tani near Kobe, Japan
1190 - Crusaders kill 57 Jews in Bury St Edmonds, England
1229 - German emperor Frederick II crowns himself king of Jerusalem
1241 - Kraków is ravaged by Mongols.
1314 - Jacques de Molay, the 23rd and the last Grand Master of the Knights Templar, is burned at the stake.
1325 - According to legend, Tenochtitlan is founded on this date. The event is depicted on the Mexican coat of arms.
1438 - Albrecht II von Habsburg becomes king of Germany
3rd Roman Emperor Caligula3rd Roman Emperor Caligula 1509 - Emperor Maximilian I names Margaretha land guardians of Netherlands
1532 - English parliament bans payments by English church to Rome
1541 - Hernando de Soto observes 1st recorded flood in America (Mississippi River)
1582 - Prince William of Orange injured in attack at Antwerp
1583 - Dutch States General & Anjou sign treaty
1608 - Susenyos is formally crowned Emperor of Ethiopia.
1673 - Lord Berkley sells his half of New Jersey to the Quakers
1754 - Duke of Newcastle becomes English premier
1773 - Oliver Goldsmith' "She Stoops to Conquer," premieres in London
Spanish Explorer and Conquistador Hernando de SotoSpanish Explorer and Conquistador Hernando de Soto 1781 - Charles Messier rediscovers global cluster M92
1793 - 2nd Battle at Neerwinden: Austria army beats France
1793 - The first republican state in Germany, the Republic of Mainz, is declared by Andreas Joseph Hofmann.
1810 - "Converse", 1st US opera, premieres in NY
1813 - David Melville, Newport, RI, patents apparatus for making coal gas
1818 - Congress approves 1st pensions for government service
1834 - 1st railroad tunnel in US completed, in Penn (275 m long)
1834 - Six farm labourers from Tolpuddle, Dorset, England are sentenced to be transported to Australia for forming a trade union.
1835 - Charles Darwin departs Santiago Chile on his way to Portillo Pass
Naturalist Charles DarwinNaturalist Charles Darwin 1847 - 1st Dutch public telegram
1850 - Henry Wells & William Fargo forms American Express in Buffalo
1858 - Dutch Van der Brugghen government resigns
1859 - Vera Cruz besieged by Miramon (Cons) in Mexican War of Reform
1864 - Dale Dike on Humber River crumbles drowning some 240
1865 - Battle of Wilson's raid to Selma, AL
1865 - Congress of Confederate States of American adjourns for last time
1870 - 1st US National Wildlife Preserve (Lake Meritt in Oakland California)
1871 - Communards revolt in Paris
1874 - Hawaii signs a treaty with the United States granting exclusive trading rights.
Abolitionist Frederick DouglassAbolitionist Frederick Douglass 1877 - President Hayes appoints Frederick Douglass marshal of Wash DC
1881 - Barnum & Bailey's Greatest Show on Earth opens (Madison Square Garden)
1882 - Morgan Earp is assassinated by outlaws while playing billiards in Tombstone
1890 - 1st US state naval militia organized (Massachusetts)
1891 - Britain is linked to the continent by Telephone
1892 - Lord Stanley presents silver challenge cup for hockey (Stanley Cup)
1895 - 200 blacks leave Savannah, Ga for Liberia
1899 - Phoebe, a moon of Saturn is discovered by Pickering
1900 - Ajax (Amsterdam Football Club), forms
1900 - Japan uses its influence over the government of Korea to deny Russia's efforts to obtain a concession for a naval station at the Korean Port of Masampo, a step in the lead up to the Russo-Japanese war
1902 - Enrico Caruso becomes 1st well-known performer to make a record
1902 - Schoenberg's "Verklärte Nacht" premieres in Vienna
1902 - Turkey grants Germany syndicate the first concession to construct a railroad through Turkish territory to Baghdad, to be linked to Berlin
1903 - Following through on its attacks on Roman Catholic institutions, the French Government dissolves the Catholic religious orders
1904 - 1st performance of Edward Elgar's "In the South (Alassio)"
1909 - Einar Dessau of Denmark makes 1st ham broadcast
1910 - 1st opera by an US composer (Converse) performed at the Met, NYC
1911 - North Dakota enacts a hail insurance law
1913 - King George I of Greece is assassinated in the recently liberated city of Thessaloniki.
1914 - White Wolf gang beats government army in Jingdezhen China
1915 - Failed British attack in Dardanelles
1915 - French battleship Bouvet explodes, 640 killed
1918 - Soccer team SON OF Meerssen forms
1918 - Socialist Youth AJC organizes in Amsterdam
1919 - Order of DeMolay forms in Kansas City
1920 - Greece adopts the Gregorian calendar
1921 - 2nd Peace of Riga, Poland enlarged
1921 - Steamer "Hong Koh" runs aground off Swatow China killing 1,000
1922 - 1st intercollegiate indoor polo championship (Princeton vs Yale)
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma GandhiPacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi 1922 - British magistrates in India sentence Mahatma Gandhi to 6 years imprisonment for disobedience
1922 - WBT-AM in Charlotte NC begins radio transmissions
1922 - The first public celebration of Bat mitzvah, for the daughter of Rabbi Mordecai Kaplan, is held in New York City.
1925 - (8) 60-MPH tornadoes speed Mo, In, Il, Ky, & Tn kills 689
1929 - Dmitri Shostakovitch' "The new Babylon" premieres in Leningrad
1930 - Boston Bruins win record 20th NHL home game
1931 - 1st electric shavers go on sale in US (Schick)
1931 - Juan Bautista Aznar becomes premier of Spain
1933 - Radio Clube de Mocambique's 1st radio transmission
1933 - US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Maribel Vinson
1933 - US Mens Figure Skating championship won by Roger Turner
1937 - Gas explosion in school in New London Texas: 294 die
1937 - The human-powered aircraft, Pedaliante, flies 1 kilometre (0.62 miles) outside Milan.
1938 - Mexico takes control of foreign-owned oil properties
1938 - NY 1st requires serological blood tests of pregnant women
1938 - Pres Cardena of Mexico nationalizes US & British oil companies
Italian Dictator Benito MussoliniItalian Dictator Benito Mussolini 1940 - Benito Mussolini joins Hitler in Germany's war against France & Britain
1942 - Illegal Free Netherlands announces boycott of theaters
1942 - 2 black players, Jackie Robinson & Nate Moreland, request a tryout with the Chicago White Sox, they are allowed to work out
1943 - James Oglethorpe (US) & Terkolei (Neth), torpedoed & sinks
1943 - Red Army evacuates Belgorod
1944 - Nazi Germany occupies Hungary
1944 - 2,500 women trample guards & floorwalkers to purchase 1,500 alarm clocks announced for sale in a Chicago Illinois dept store
1945 - 1,250 US bombers attacks Berlin
Ice Hockey Player Maurice RichardIce Hockey Player Maurice Richard 1945 - Maurice "Rocket" Richard becomes the 1st NHLer to score 50 goals
1945 - US Task Force 58 attacks targets on Kiushu
1948 - France & Great Britain & Benelux sign Treaty of Brussels
1948 - Philips begin experimental TV broadcasting
1948 - Soviet consultants have left Yugoslavia in first sign of Tito-Stalin split.
1949 - NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Org) ratified
1949 - WGAL TV channel 8 in Lancaster, PA (NBC) begins broadcasting

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 279

1380 - Liduina van Schiedam, Dutch "Christ's bride"/saint
1395 - John Holland, 2nd Duke of Exeter, English military leader (d. 1447)
1496 - Mary Tudor, daughter of Henry VII of England and queen consort of Louis XII of France (d. 1533)
1548 - Cornelis Ketel, Dutch portrait painter/poet
1556 - Francois-Hercule de Valois, French duke of Anjou/Brabant
1578 - Adam Elsheimer, German painter/cartoonist/etcher, baptized
1590 - Manuel de Faria e Sousa, Portuguese historian and poet (d. 1649)
1602 - Jacques de Billy, French mathematician (d. 1679)
1603 - Simon Bradstreet, Massachusetts Bay colonist (d. 1693)
1609 - Frederick III, King of Denmark & Norway (1648-70); absolutist
1640 - Philippe de la Hire, French mathematician and astronomer (d. 1719)
1644 - Gottfried Wegner, composer
1657 - Giuseppe Ottavio Pitoni, Italian composer
1679 - Matthew Decker, English merchant and writer (d. 1759)
1685 - Ralph Ersine, Scottish minister (d. 1752)
1690 - Christian Goldbach, German mathematician (Goldbach position)
1701 - Niclas Sahlgren, Swedish merchant and philanthropist (d. 1776)
1734 - Joseph Schmitt, composer
1756 - Johann Christoph Vogel, composer
1765 - David H Chasse, Dutch baron/general (fought Napoleon at Waterloo)
1780 - Milos Obrenovic, Leader of The Second Serbian Uprising and Prince of Serbia (d. 1860)
1781 - Gustave Vogt, composer
1782 - John Caldwell Calhoun, SC, Andrew Jackson's VP (1825-32)
1813 - Friedrich Hebbel, writer
1828 - William Randal Cremer, English politician and pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1908)
1829 - William Robertson Boggs, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1911
1830 - Numa D Fustel de Coulanges, French historian/sociologist
President Grover ClevelandPresident Grover Cleveland (1837) 1837 - Grover Cleveland, [Stephen], NJ, 22nd/24th Pres (1885-89, 93-97)
1838 - Jan B Stobbaerts, Flemish painter
1838 - Randal Cremer, Britain, trade unionist, pacifist (Nobel 1903)
1839 - Francis Fessenden, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1906
1840 - William Cosmo Monkhouse, English poet and critic (d. 1901)
1842 - Stéphane Mallarmé, French poet (d. 1898)
1843 - Jules HPFX Vandenpeereboom, premier of Belgium (1899)
1844 - Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Tikhvin Russia, composer (Scheherazade)
1848 - Nathaniel Herreshoff, America Cup yacht designer
1848 - Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll, daughter of Queen Victoria (d. 1939)
1858 - Rudolph C K Diesel, German engineer (Diesel motor)
1864 - Karl M Lybeck, Finnish/Swedish language poet (Samlade Arbeten)
1866 - Dumitru Kiriac-Georgescu, composer
1866 - John Loudon, Dutch minister of Foreign Affairs (1913-18)
1867 - Michael G de Boer, historian (Harbor of Amsterdam)
British Prime Minister Neville ChamberlainBritish Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain (1869) 1869 - [Arthur] Neville Chamberlain, Birmingham, British Prime Minister (C, 1937-40)
1872 - Frank Hoyt Losey, composer
1872 - Anna Held, Polish actress and singer (d. 1918)
1874 - Nikolai Berdyaev, Russian philosopher (d. 1948)
1877 - Clem Hill, cricketer (all-time great Australian batsman)
1877 - Edgar Cayce, American psychic (d. 1945)
1881 - Oliver Seibert, hall of fame hockey player (elected 1963)
1881 - Paul Le Flem, composer
1882 - Gian Francesco Malipiero, composer
1884 - Bernard Cronin, Australian author and journalist (d. 1968)
1886 - Edward Everett Horton, Brooklyn New York, American actor/narrator (Bulwinkle Show)
1886 - Kurt Koffka, Germany, Gestalt psychologist
1886 - Marianne [Goudeket-]Philips, Dutch author (Between Heaven & Earth)
1888 - Joseph Csaky, Hungarian/French sculptor
1889 - F Rijkens, oldest living person in Netherlands
1890 - Gerardus van der Leeuw, Dutch religion historian/minister of Education
1892 - Robert P Tristram Coffin, poet/reporter (WW II)
1893 - Wilfred Owen, England, anti-war poet (Anthem for Doomed Youth)
1893 - Costante Girardengo, Italian cyclist (d. 1978)
1893 - Jean Goldkette, Greek-born jazz musician (d. 1962)
1897 - Betty Compson, actress (Big City, Docks Of New York)
1898 - Otto Jochum, composer
1898 - Jake Swirbul, American aircraft manufacturer (d. 1960)
1899 - Lavrenti Beria, chief of Soviet secret police under Stalin
1901 - Piotr Perkowski, composer
1901 - William H. Johnson, African-American artist of the Harlem Renaissance (d. 1970)
1904 - Srečko Kosovel, Slovenian poet (d. 1926)
1905 - John Kirkpatrick, NYC, pianist (Concord Sonata)
1905 - Mollie Parnis, NYC, fashion designer (Mollie Roberts Collection)
1905 - Robert Donat, England, actor (Goodbye Mr Chips, Citadel)
1905 - Thomas Townsend Brown, American scientist (d. 1985)
1906 - Roy L Johnson, US admiral (WW II-Pacific Ocean)
1907 - Eleanor L "Betty" Compton, US actress (Here Comes Trouble)
1908 - Louis Gaste, songwriter
1909 - Ernest Gallo, American winemaker (d. 2007)
1910 - Chiang Ching-huo, son of Chinese pres Chiang Kai-shek/pres (1978-88)
1911 - Smiley Burnette, Summum Ill, cowboy (Charlie-Petticoat Junction)
1913 - Margaret Hesse, princess of Hesse/Rhine
1913 - Rene Clement, Bordeaux France, director/writer (Is Paris Burning)
1913 - William Hutchinson Murray, mountaineer/author
1913 - Reinhard Hardegen, German U-Boat commander
1914 - Cesar Guerra Peixe, composer
1914 - James Pack, naval officer museum curator
1915 - Richard Thomas Condon, author
1916 - Louis Toebosch, composer
1918 - Al Benton, American baseball player (d. 1968)
1918 - Bob Broeg, American sports writer (d. 2005)
1918 - Yevgeny Pepelyaev, Bodaybo, Irkutsk, Soviet Union, fighter pilot, (d. 2013)
1919 - Laila Schou Nilsen, Norway, downhill skier (Olympic-gold-1936)
1919 - Len Johnson, cricketer (Australian fast bowler played Test in 1948)
1919 - Christopher Challis, British cinematographer
1920 - Eric Halsall, sheepdog trial commentator
1922 - Egon Bahr, German journalist/politician
Civil Rights Activist Fred ShuttlesworthCivil Rights Activist Fred Shuttlesworth (1922) 1922 - Fred Shuttlesworth, Mount Meigs Alabama, American civil rights activist
1923 - Andy Granatelli, American motorsports entrepreneur
1924 - Madhussudan Rege, cricketer (15 runs in only Test India v WI 1948-49)
1925 - Peter Graves [Aurness], Minneapolis, Minnesota, American actor (James Phelps-Mission Impossible)
1926 - Dick Littlefield, American baseball player (d. 1997)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 5 of 5

Abolitionist Harriet TubmanAbolitionist Harriet Tubman (1869) 1869 - US Abolitionist Harriet Tubman marries civil war veteran Nelson Davis in Auburn NY
1991 - Apple computer head Steve Jobs weds Laurene Powell
1993 - Eddie Murphy marries Nicole Mitchell in NYC
1995 - Spanish princess Elena (31) weds Jaime de Marichalar y Saenez Tejada (31) at the Seville Cathedral in Seville, Spain
2006 - Television star Adita Wahi weds director Ameet Sawant in New Delhi

Famous Divorces

Divorces 1 - 1 of 1

2012 - "Twilight" actor Peter Facinelli (38) divorces "Beverly Hills 90210" actress Jennie Garth (39) due to irreconcilable differences after 11 years of marriage

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 108

235 - Marcus Aurelius Alexander, Syrian emperor of Rome (222-235), murdered
978 - Edward, the Martyr, King of Anglo-Saxons (975-78)/st, murdered at 15
1227 - Honorius III, [Cencio Savelli], Pope (1216-27), dies
1314 - Jacques de Molay, the last grand master of The KnightsTemplar dies burned at the stake
1493 - John of Lannoy, Flemish governor/viceroy of Neth/Zealand, dies at 82
1582 - Jean Jaurequi, Basque attacker of William of Orange, killed by William's guards
1583 - King Magnus of Livonia (b. 1540)
Russian Tsar Ivan the TerribleRussian Tsar Ivan the Terrible (1584) 1584 - Ivan IV [Ivan the Terrible], Russian tsar (1547-84), dies at 53
1675 - Arthur Chichester, 1st Earl of Donegall, Irish soldier (b. 1606)
1689 - John Dixwell, English judge (b. 1607)
1690 - Charles, duke of Lutherans, dies
1696 - Robert Charnock, English conspirator
1745 - Robert Walpole, 1st English premier (1722-42), dies at 68 [NS=3/29]
1746 - Anna Leopoldovna, regent of Russia (b. 1718)
1768 - Lawrence Sterne, writer (Sentimental Journey France & Italy), dies
1781 - Anne Robert Turgot, French statesman (b. 1727)
1799 - John Randall, composer, dies at 82
1816 - Johann Paul Schulthesius, composer, dies at 67
1817 - Johann Jakob Walder, composer, dies at 67
1823 - Jean-Baptiste Sebastien Breval, composer, dies at 69
1835 - Christian Gunther von Bernstorff, Danish-Prussian statesman and diplomat (b. 1769)
1845 - John Chapman, [Johnny Appleseed], American pioneer agronomist dies in Allen County Indiana
1870 - Joaquin y Garbayo Gaztambide, composer, dies at 48
1871 - Augustus De Morgan, Indian-born British mathematician and logician (b. 1806)
1875 - Ferdinand Laub, composer, dies at 43
1876 - F Freiligrath, writer, dies at 65
1886 - Leopold Zunz, German intellect (Synagogue Poetry), dies at 91
1889 - William Henry Monk, composer, dies at 66
1898 - Matilda Joslyn Gage, American suffragist (b. 1826)
1899 - Douglas Strutt Galton, English engineer (rails, trains), dies at 76
1899 - Svetolik Rankovic, Serbian writer (Crushed Ideals), dies at 35
1900 - Antonio Nobre, Portuguese poet (So [Lonely]), dies at 32
1907 - Marcellin Berthelot, French chemist and politician (b. 1827)
1913 - George I, king of Greece (1861-1913), assassinated by Schinas at 67
1917 - William Shalders, South African cricket batsman (12 Tests 1895-1907), dies
1918 - Willem Coenen, composer, dies at 80
1924 - John Frederick Bridge, composer, dies at 79
1928 - Paul van Ostaijen, Flemish writer (Outlawed), dies at 32
1933 - Luigi A duke of the Abruzzi, Italian explorer (Ruwenzori), dies at 60
1936 - Egon Friedell, Austrian journalist (Kleine Portratgalerie), dies at 58
1936 - Eleftherios Venizelos, Former Prime minister of Greece
1938 - Cyril Rootham, composer, dies at 62
1939 - Henry Simpson Lunn, English humanitarian and religious leader (b. 1859)
1944 - Benjamin Delmonte, theater director/actor, dies at 79
1945 - William Grover-Williams, British racing driver
1947 - William C. Durant, American automobile pioneer (b. 1861)
1954 - Walter Mead, cricketer (one Test for England 1899), dies
1956 - Friedrich Panzer, German germanist (Hilde-Gudrun), dies at 85
1956 - Louis Bromfield, writer, dies at 59
1962 - Walter W. Bacon, Governor of Delaware (b. 1880)
1963 - Wanda Hawley, American actress (b. 1895)
1964 - Norbert Wiener, US mathematician (cybernetics), dies at 69
1964 - Sigfrid Edström, Swedish sports official (b. 1870)
1965 - Farouk I, last King of Egypt (1936-52), dies at 45
1967 - Jimmy Blaine, singer (Stop the Music), dies at 42
1968 - Manuel Gomez Carillo, composer, dies at 85
1969 - Barbara Bates, actress (Kathy-It's a Great Life), dies at 43
1971 - George Wood, England cricket wicketkeeper (v South Africa 1924), dies
1973 - Lauritz L H Melchior, Danish baritone/actor (Luxury Liner), dies at 82
1974 - David C Imboden, actor (King of Kings), dies at 87
1975 - Alain Grandbois, Quebec poet (b. 1900)
1976 - James McCartney, father of Paul McCartney, dies at 73
1976 - Robert de Roos, composer, dies at 69
1976 - Giuseppe Genco Russo, Sicilian mafioso (b. 1893)
1977 - Marien Ngouabi, president of Congo-Brazzaville, murdered
1977 - José Carlos Pace, Brazilian racing driver (b. 1944)
1978 - Faith Baldwin, US author (They Who Love), dies at 84
1978 - Peggy Wood, actress (One Life to Live, Mama), dies at 86
1980 - Erich Fromm, German/US psychoanalyst, dies at 79
1980 - Herman Griffith, cricketer (13 Tests for WI, 44 wickets), dies
1982 - Georg G Lampe, Dutch painter/director (Free Academy), dies at 60
1983 - Umberto of Piemonte, King Umberto II of Italy (1946), dies
1983 - Kenneth E. Boulding, English economist (b. 1910)
1984 - Charlie Lau, White Sox coach/renowned hitting instructor, dies at 50
1984 - Paul Frances Webster, lyricist, dies of Parkinson's disease at 76
1985 - Jack Miller, orchestra leader (Kate Smith Evening Hour), dies at 89
1986 - Bernard Malamud, US writer (Fixer, Natural), dies at 71
1987 - Bil Baird, puppeteer (Jack Paar Show), dies at 82
1989 - Piet Kruiver, Dutch soccer player, dies at 51
1989 - William Challee, actor (Desperate, Moonchild), dies
1990 - Robin Harris, actor (House Party, Mo' Better Blues), dies at 36
1991 - Jack McCoy, Radio/TV personality, dies at 72
1991 - Vilma Banky, actress (Eagle, Son of Sheik, Rebel), dies at 93
1992 - Cornelis B Vaandrager, [C Vaan], poet (Giant of Rotterdam), dies at 56
1995 - Charles Drain, singer, dies at 65
1995 - Frederic Ramsey Jr, folklorist/author, dies at 80
1995 - Heinrich Sutermeister, Swiss composer (Raskolnikov), dies at 84
1996 - Alepoude Odysseus Elytis llis, poet, dies at 84
1996 - Jacquetta Hawkes, English archaeologist, dies at 85
1997 - Willem de Kooning (abstract artist), dead Alzheimer's at 92
1999 - Elizabeth Huckaby, American educator (b. 1905)
2000 - Eberhard Bethge, German theologian (b. 1909)
2001 - John Phillips, American musician (The Mamas and the Papas) (b. 1935)
2002 - R.A. Lafferty, American science fiction writer (b. 1914)
2002 - Gösta Winbergh, Swedish tenor (b. 1943)
2003 - Karl Kling, German race car driver (b. 1910)
2003 - Adam Osborne, British computer pioneer (b. 1939)
2004 - Harrison McCain, Canadian businessman (b. 1927)
2006 - Bill Beutel, American journalist (b. 1930)
2006 - Michael Attwell, British actor (b. 1943)

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