This Day in History for 2nd March

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 208

986 - Louis V becomes King of the Franks.
1121 - Dirk VI becomes count of Holland
1127 - Assassination of Charles the Good, Count of Flanders.
1458 - Hussite George van Podiebrad chosen king of Bohemia
1498 - Vasco da Gama's fleet visits Mozambique Island
1629 - English King Charles I dissolves Parliament against opposition, imprisoning 9 members of parliament
1675 - Prince William III installed as governor of Overijssel
1717 - The Loves of Mars and Venus becomes the first ballet performed in England.
1776 - Americans begin shelling British troops in Boston
1789 - Pennsylvania ends prohibition of theatrical performances
1791 - Long-distance communication speeds up with the unveiling of a semaphore machine in Paris.
1799 - Congress standardizes US weights & measures
King Charles IKing Charles I 1807 - Congress bans slave trade effective January 1, 1808
1808 - The inaugural meeting of the Wernerian Natural History Society, a former Scottish learned society, was held in Edinburgh.
1815 - Signing of Kandyan treaty by British invaders and Sri Lankan King.
1817 - 1st Evangelical church building dedicated, New Berlin, Penn
1819 - Territory of Arkansas organized
1819 - US passed its 1st immigration law
1824 - Interstate commerce comes under federal control
1825 - 1st grand opera in US sung in English, NYC
1829 - New England Asylum for the Blind, 1st in US, incorporated, Boston
1831 - John Frazee becomes 1st US sculptor to receive a federal commission
1836 - Republic of Texas declares independence from Mexico
1842 - The Grand National steeplechase at Aintree near Liverpool England is won by Gaylad, ridden by Tom Olliver.
1853 - Territory of Washington organized after separating from Oregon Ter
1855 - Aleksandr Romanov becomes tsar of Russia
1858 - Frederick Cook, New Orleans, patents a cotton-bale metallic tie
1861 - Government Printing Office purchases 1st printing plant, Washington
1861 - US creates Dakota & Nevada Territories out of the Nebraska & Utah ter
1865 - British newspaper "Morning Chronicle" begins publishing
1865 - Freedman's Bureau founded for Black Education, 1865
1865 - Conferate General Early's army is defeated at the battle of Waynesboro VA during American Civil War
1865 - Second Taranaki War: The Volkner Incident in New Zealand.
1866 - 1st US company to make sewing needles by machine incorporated, Conn
1867 - 1st Reconstruction act passed by US Congress
1867 - US Congress abolishes peonage in New Mexico
1867 - US Congress created the Department of Education
Outlaw Jesse JamesOutlaw Jesse James 1867 - Jesse James gang robs bank in Savannah Missouri, 1 dead
1867 - US Congress creates the Department of Education
1868 - University of Illinois opens
1872 - Louis Riel goes into voluntary exile in St. Paul, Minnesota
1874 - Baseball batter's box is officially adopted
1877 - Rutherford B. Hayes (R) declared president despite Samuel J Tilden (D) winning the popular vote, but is 1 electoral vote shy of victory
1887 - American Trotting Association organized in Detroit
1888 - The Convention of Constantinople is signed, guaranteeing free maritime passage through the Suez Canal during war and peace.
19th US President Rutherford B. Hayes19th US President Rutherford B. Hayes 1889 - Kansas passes 1st US antitrust
1890 - Oscar Fredriksen skates world record 5 km (9:19)
1893 - 1st federal railroad legislation passed; required safety features
1896 - George Lohmann takes 9-28 v South Africa at Johannesburg
1898 - Australia complete a 4-1 series annihilation of England
1899 - Pres McKinley signs bill creating Mt Rainier Natl Park (5th in US)
1901 - Hawaii's 1st telegraph company opens
1901 - The United States Congress passes the Platt amendment, limiting the autonomy of Cuba as a condition for the withdrawal of American troops.
1902 - Jimmy Collins, leaves Boston Beaneaters (NL) club to manage AL's new Boston Somersets
1st US First Lady Martha Washington1st US First Lady Martha Washington 1903 - Martha Washington Hotel, catering to women only, opens in NYC
1904 - "Official Playing Rules of Professional Base Ball Clubs" adopted
1904 - Gabriele d'Annunzio's "La figlia di Iorio," premieres in Milan
1907 - General Louis Botha named premier of Transvaal
1907 - Georges Feydeaus' "La Puce à l'Oreille," premieres in Paris
1909 - Gr Brit, France, Germ & It asks Serbia to set no territorial demands
1910 - 2 trains crash in snow storm in Wellington Washington, 118 die
1915 - British vice adm Carden begins bombing of Dardanelles forts
1915 - Vladmir Jabotinsky forms a Jewish military force to fight in Palestine
1917 - Jones Act: Puerto Rico territory created, US citizenship granted
1918 - NY Yankees purchase 1st baseman George Burns from Detroit Tigers & immediately trades him to Phila A's
1919 - 1st congress of Communist International opens at the Kremlin
1920 - Karel Capék's "Loupeznik," premieres in Prague
1922 - WBAP-AM, Fort Worth Texas, begins broadcasting
1922 - WLW-AM in Cincinnati OH begins radio transmissions
1925 - Dutch Socialists demand drastic disarmament
1925 - Japan's House of Representatives recognizes male suffrage
1925 - Nationwide road numbering system & US shield marker adopted
1925 - SDAP-Second-Faction of parliament demands drastic disarmament
Baseball Legend Babe RuthBaseball Legend Babe Ruth 1927 - Babe Ruth becomes highest paid baseball player ($70,000 per year)
1929 - Chicago Black Hawks shut-out for NHL record 8th straight game
1929 - Congress creates Court of Customs & Patent Appeals
1930 - 1st US indoor glider flight, St Louis Terminal Building
1933 - "King Kong," premieres at Radio City Music Hall & RKO Roxy NYC
1933 - Most powerful earthquake in 180 years hit Japan
1934 - Union Pacific tests light-weight high-speed passenger train, Omaha
1936 - Bradman scores 369 in 253 mins, SA v Tasmania, 46 fours 4 sixes
1937 - Mexico nationalizes oil
1938 - Landslides & floods cause over 200 deaths (Los Angeles California)
1938 - Trials of Soviet leaders begins in the Soviet Union
1939 - Eugenio Pacelli chosen as Pope Pius XII
1939 - Massachusetts Legislature votes to ratify the US Bill of Rights - 147 years late
1940 - 1st intercollegiate track meet telecast, Madison Square Garden, NYC
1940 - Soviet armies conquer Tuppura Island Finland
1941 - World War II: First German military units enter Bulgaria after it joined the Axis Pact.
1942 - 14th Academy Awards - "How Green was My Valley," Cooper & Fontaine win
1942 - Admiral Helfrich departs Java for Ceylon
1943 - 1st transport from Westerbork Neth to Sobibor concentration camp
1944 - 16th Academy Awards - "Casablanca," Jennifer Jones & Paul Lukas win
1944 - Fumes from locomotive stalled in a tunnel suffocates 521 in Italy
1945 - 8th Air Force bombs Dresden
1945 - King Michael of Romania gives in to Communist government
1946 - Dutch troops land on East Bali
Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary Ho Chi MinhVietnamese Communist Revolutionary Ho Chi Minh 1946 - Ho Chi Minh elected president of North Vietnam
1946 - Kingman Douglass, becomes deputy director of CIA
1949 - 1st automatic street light (New Milford, Ct)

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 220

1316 - Robert II, the Steward, King of Scots (1371-90)
1409 - John II, French duke of Alencon/co-fighter of Jeanne d'arc
1459 - Adrian VI, [Adriaan F Boeyens], Netherlands, Pope (1522-23)
1481 - Franz von Sickingen, German knight
1545 - Thomas Bodley, England, diplomat/scholar
1555 - Ludovico Spontoni, composer
1578 - George Sandys, English colonist and poet (d. 1644)
1705 - William Murray, 1st Earl of Mansfield, Scottish judge and politician (d. 1793)
1755 - Antoine-Frederic Gresnick, composer
1759 - Johann Christian Friedrich Haeffner, composer
1760 - Camille Desmoulins, France, journalist/pamphleteer/revolution leader
1769 - DeWitt Clinton, (Gov/Sen-NY)
1770 - Louis Gabriel Suchet, French Marshal (d. 1826)
1779 - Joel Roberts Poinsett, American statesman and botanist (d. 1851)
1793 - Sam[uel] Houston, 1st president of Texas (1836-38, 1841-44)
1800 - Evgeny Baratynsky, Russian poet (d. 1844)
1810 - Leo XIII, [Vincenzo G Pecci], 256th pope (1878-1903)
1813 - George Alexander Macfarren, composer
1815 - Antonio Buzzolla, composer
1816 - Alexander H. Bullock, 26th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1882)
1817 - Janos Arany, Hungary, epic poet (Toldi, Death of King Buda)
1820 - Multatuli, writer
1820 - Eduard Douwes Dekker, [Multatuli], Dutch writer (Max Havelaar)
1824 - Bedrich Friedrich Smetana, Bohemian composer (Bartered Bride, Moldau)
1824 - Konstantin Ushinsky, Russian educationalist, credited as the founder of scientific pedagogy in Russia
1824 - Henry Beebee Carrington, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1912
1828 - Jefferson Columbus Davis, Bvt Mjr General (Union Army), died in 1879
1829 - Carl Schurz, Major General (Union volunteers)journalist
1836 - Henry Billings Brown, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (d. 1913)
1838 - David Duffle Wood, composer
1842 - Carl Jacobsen, Danish brewer (d. 1914)
1843 - Princess Maria Clotilde of Savoy (d. 1911)
1844 - Hermanus J A M Schaepman, clergyman/Dutch politician
1849 - Robert Means Thompson, U.S. Naval Officer (d. 1930)
1860 - Susanna M. Salter, 1st American female mayor and temperance leader (d. 1961)
1862 - John Jay Chapman, US advocate/poet/writer (Learning & Other Essays)
1862 - Boris Borisovich Galitzine, Russian physicist (d. 1916)
1875 - Hans Lietzman, German theologist/church historian
1876 - Pius XII, [Euhenio MGG Pacelli], 260th Pope (1939-58)
1878 - Wander J de Haas, Dutch physicist/son-in-law of Lorentz
1878 - William Kissam Vanderbilt II, member of the Vanderbilt family (d. 1944)
1882 - Wallis Clark, Essex England, actress (Postal Inspector)
1884 - Leon Jongen, composer
1886 - Willis O'Brien, American animator (d. 1962)
1893 - Maxime Dumoulin, composer
1894 - Renaat Veremans, Flemish composer/conductor
1895 - Felix Bressart, Germany, actor (Ninotchka, Escape, Crossroads)
1899 - Pattie Maie Menzies, Australian dame
1900 - Kurt J Weill, Dessau Germany, composer/Brecht collaborator (Mahogany)
1901 - Willem Bruynzeel, Dutch timber-merchant
1902 - Edward Uhler Condon, atomic scientist (Manhattan Project)
1902 - Moe Berg, American baseball player and spy (d. 1972)
Children's Author Dr. SeussChildren's Author Dr. Seuss (1904) 1904 - Dr. Seuss, [Theodor Geisel], Springfield, Massachusetts, children's author (Horton Hears a Who!)
1905 - Marc Blitzstein, Phila Pa, composer (Cradle Will Rock)
1908 - Jan Brasser, Dutch resistance fighter (Witte Ko)/communist
1908 - Fyodor Matveyevich Okhlopkov, Yakut-born Soviet sniper (d. 1968)
1908 - Walter Bruch, German engineer (d. 1990)
1909 - Hanoch Jacoby, composer
1909 - Jan Fabricius, Dutch playwright
1909 - Mel Ott, American baseball player, 1st NLer to hit 500 home runs, hall of famer (NY Giants) (d. 1958)
1910 - Hope Clara Chenhalls, food inspector
1911 - William Hansen, WA, actor (Homebodies)
1912 - Arthur Beaumont C Langton, cricketer (S Afr pace bowler of 1930's)
1913 - Godfried [Jan Arnold] Bomans, Dutch humorist/writer (Pieter Bas)
1913 - Marjorie Weaver, Crossville Tennessee, actress (Young Mr Lincoln)
1913 - Mort Cooper, baseball player (NL MVP 1942)
1913 - Celedonio Romero, Spanish guitarist (d. 1996)
1915 - Lona Andre, actress (Case of Baby Sitter)
1916 - Anne Vondeling, Dutch politician (PvdA)
1916 - Bernard George Stevens, composer
Actor Desi ArnazActor Desi Arnaz (1917) 1917 - Desi Arnaz, Santiago Cuba, actor (I Love Lucy)
1917 - Jim Konstanty, baseball player (NL MVP 1950)
1917 - John Gardner, composer
1917 - David Goodis, American writer (d. 1967)
1918 - Peter O'Sullevan, Ireland, horse racing commentator
1919 - Eddie Lawrence, comedian
1919 - Jennifer Jones, [Phyllis Isley], Oklahoma, actress (Farewell to Arms)
1919 - Tamara Toumanova, dancer
1920 - Enrique Franco, composer
1921 - Robert Wilfred Levick Simpson, composer
1922 - Eric Feldbush, composer
1922 - Mario Zafred, composer
1923 - Don Taylor, cricketer (NZ 3 Tests, Auck stands w/Sutcliffe in Wisden)
1923 - Robert H Michel, (Rep-R-IL, 1957- )
1923 - Orrin Keepnews, American writer and critic
1924 - Albert TLCA Vogel, Dutch elocutionist
1926 - Murray Rothbard, American economist (d. 1995)
1927 - Siegfried Kohler, composer
1927 - Witold Szalonec, composer
1927 - Roger Walkowiak, French cyclist
1928 - Father John Romanides, Greek priest and professor (d. 2001)
1929 - Donald Gosling, English parkeerplaatsenmagnaat/multi-millionaire
1930 - Jan van Noor, Dutch 2nd Chamber member (CDA)
1930 - John Cullum, Knoxville, actor (Hamlet, Hawaii, Northern Exposure)
1930 - Emma Penella, Spanish actress (d. 2007)
1931 - Duane E Graveline, Newport Vt, astronaut
General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Mikhail GorbachevGeneral Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Mikhail Gorbachev (1931) 1931 - Mikhail Gorbachev, Privolnoye USSR, General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1985-91)
1931 - Tom Wolfe, Richmond Va, journalist/author (Right Stuff)
1934 - Bernard Rands, Sheffield England, composer (Wildtrack)
1934 - Howard "Hopalong" Cassady, NFLer

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 2 of 2

Film director D. W. GriffithFilm director D. W. Griffith (1936) 1936 - Film director D. W. Griffith (61) weds actress Evelyn Baldwin (26)
1984 - Tennis player Yannick Noah (23) weds beauty queen Cecilia Rodhe (22) in Cameroon

Famous Divorces

Divorces 1 - 4 of 4

Actress Mary PickfordActress Mary Pickford (1920) 1920 - Actress Mary Pickford (27) divorces actor Owen Moore (33) after 9 years of marriage
1936 - Film director D. W. Griffith (61) divorces Linda Arvidson (50) after 30 years of marriage
1976 - Second wife Carole Hoff divorces serial killer John Wayne Gacy (33) after 3 years of marriage
1993 - Salman Rushdie divorces Marianne Wiggins

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 109

855 - Lothair, King of the Franks and Holy Roman Emperor (b. 795)
986 - Lotharius, King of France (954-86), dies at 44
1122 - Floris II, the fat one, count of Holland, dies
1127 - Charles, the Good, Count of Flanders, murdered
1316 - Marjorie Bruce, daughter of Robert I of Scotland (b. 1296)
1333 - Wladyslaw IV, the Short One/Great, duke/king of Poland, dies
1383 - Amadeus VI, count of Savoy, dies
1572 - Mem de Sá, Portuguese Governor-General of Brazil
1589 - Alessandro Cardinal Farnese, Italian cardinal (b. 1520)
1619 - Anne of Denmark, daughter of Danish king Frederik II, dies at 44
1729 - Francesco Bianchini, Italian philosopher and scientist (b. 1662)
1755 - Louis de Rouvroy, duc de Saint-Simon, French writer (b. 1675)
1758 - Johann Baptist Zimmermann, German stucco worker, buried at 78
1772 - Robert J Pothier, French lawyer, dies at 73
1787 - Jean SOME Allamand, French theologist/natural philosopher, dies at 73
Evangelist John WesleyEvangelist John Wesley (1791) 1791 - John Wesley, English co-founder of Methodism dies at 87 (b. 1703)
1793 - Carl Gustaf Pilo, Swedish-born artist
1797 - Horace [Horatio] Walpole, British horror writer, dies at 79
1800 - Christian Friedrich Schale, composer, dies at 86
1822 - Christian Friedrich Hermann Uber, composer, dies at 40
1829 - Josefa Ortiz de Domínguez, conspirator and supporter of the Mexican War of Independence (b. 1768)
1830 - Samuel Thomas von Sömmering, German physician (b. 1755)
1835 - Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1768)
1840 - Heinrich Olbers, German astronomer (comets & asteroids), dies at 81
1855 - Nicholas I Pavlovitch, tsar of Russia (1825-55), dies at 58
1862 - Frederick West Lander, US Union brig-general/poet, dies at 40
1865 - Carl Sylvius Völkner, German missionary to New Zealand (b. 1819)
1867 - French A Durlet, Belgian sculptor/architect, dies at 50
1868 - Carl Eberwein, composer, dies at 81
1880 - Sir John MacNeill, Irish civil engineer (b. 1790)
1882 - Louis Kufferath, composer, dies at 70
1887 - August W Eichler, German botanist, dies at 47
1887 - Wilhelm Troszel, composer, dies at 63
1895 - Berthe MP Morisot, French painter/aquarelliste, dies at 54
1895 - Ismail Pasha, kedive of Egypt (1863-79), dies at 64
1916 - Elisabeth OL, [Carmen Sylva], Queen of Romania, dies at 72
1919 - Melchora Aquino, Filipino revolutionary hero (b. 1812)
1921 - Champ Clark, American politician (b. 1850)
Writer D. H. LawrenceWriter D. H. Lawrence (1930) 1930 - David Herbert Lawrence (DH), English poet/writer (Lady Chatterley's Lover), dies at 44
1937 - Gustav Wohlgemuth, composer, dies at 73
1938 - Ben Harney, American composer and pianist (b. 1871)
1939 - Howard Carter, Brit archaeologist/Egyptologist (King Tut), dies at 65
1943 - Alexandre Yersin, Swiss bacteriologist (bacteria plague), dies at 79
1945 - Emily Carr, Canadian artist (b. 1871)
1946 - Fidél Pálffy, Hungarian National socialist (b. 1895)
1946 - George E. Stewart, American Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1872)
1950 - M Joseph V d'Arbaud, French poet/author (Li cant palustre), dies at 76
Archaeologist and Discoverer of Tutankhamun Howard CarterArchaeologist and Discoverer of Tutankhamun Howard Carter (1939) 1953 - Jim Lightbody, American runner (b. 1882)
1956 - Fred Merkle, American baseball figure (b. 1888)
1957 - Harry E Soref, inventor (padlock), dies at 70
1959 - Eric Blore, actor (Abie's Irish Rose, Love Happy), dies at 70
1960 - Stanisław Taczak, Polish general, commander-in-chief of the Greater Poland Uprising (b. 1874)
1962 - Charles Jean de la Vallée-Poussin, Belgian mathematician (b. 1866)
1967 - Gordon Harker, actor (Inspector Hornleigh), dies at 81
1967 - José Martínez Ruiz, Spanish poet and writer (b. 1873)
1970 - Marc-Aurèle Fortin, Quebec painter (b. 1888)
1971 - Charles W Engelhard, US silver multi-millionaire, dies at 54
1972 - Bill Lawrence, news anchor (ABC), dies at 56
1973 - Cleo Noel, US ambassador to Sudan, assassinated
1974 - Barbara Ruick, actress/singer (Jerry Colonna Show), dies at 41
1974 - Salvador Puig Antich, Spanish anarchist (b. 1948)
1975 - Jean Kurt Forest, composer, dies at 65
1975 - Josiah Mwangi Kariuki, Kenyan politician (b.1929)
1979 - Edith Craig, actress (Harmony Lane, Smashing Rackets), dies at 71
1979 - Mollah Mustafa Barzani, Kurdish leader, dies at 75
1979 - Christy Ring Irish hurler (b. 1920)
1981 - Janear Hines, actress (Roberta-Julia), dies at 30
1982 - Philip K[indred] Dick, US Sci-fi author (Hugo-1963, Dr Futurity), dies at 53
1984 - Louis Basile, actor (Louie-The Super), dies at 48
1985 - John B Kelly Jr, chairman US Olympic Committee, dies at 57
1985 - Michael Redgrave, actor (Goodbye Mr Chips), dies at 77 of Parkinson's
1986 - Marcel Liebman, Belgian historian, dies at 56
1986 - Zafer Masri, mayor of Nablus, murdered
1987 - Randolph Scott, actor (Fort Worth, Gung Ho, Jesse James), dies at 89
1991 - Clark Mollenhoff, US journalist (Pulitzer Prize), dies
1991 - Freek Zoetmulder, publisher (Austrian Encyclopedia)/neo-nazi, dies
1991 - Serge Gainsbourg, composer/actor (Fury of Hercules), dies at 62
1993 - Floortje Peneder, Dutch poet (Diary), dies at 15
1993 - Paul D Zimmerman, US screenwriter (King of Comedy), dies at 54
1994 - Donald McKenzie MacKinnon, philosopher, dies at 80
1994 - Tengiz Abuladze, filmmaker, dies at 70
1995 - Hugo Cole, musician/critic, dies at 77
1995 - Vladislav Listyev, TV journalist, dies at 48
1996 - Jacobo Majluta, president of Dominican Rep (1982), dies at 61
1998 - Henry Steele Commager, American historian (Atlas of Civil War), dies at 95
1999 - Dusty Springfield, English singer (b. 1939)
1999 - David Ackles, American singer and songwriter (b. 1937)
2001 - John Diamond, British journalist (b. 1953)
2003 - Hank Ballard, American musician (b. 1927)
2003 - Malcolm Williamson, Australian composer (b. 1931)
2004 - Mercedes McCambridge, American actress (b. 1916)
2004 - Marge Schott, American baseball team owner (b. 1928)
2004 - Cormac McAnallen, Northern Irish Gaelic footballer (b. 1980)
2005 - Rick Mahler, American baseball player (b. 1953)
2005 - Martin Denny, American musician (b. 1911)
2006 - Milton Katims, American violist and conductor (b. 1909)
2006 - Jack Wild, British actor (b. 1952)
2007 - Ivan Safronov, Russian journalist (b. 1956)
2007 - Clem Labine, American baseball player (b. 1926)
2007 - Thomas S. Kleppe, U.S. politician (b. 1919)

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