This Day in History for 24th March

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 169

1379 - End of Gelderse war victory
1545 - German Parliament opens in Worms
1550 - France & England sign Peace of Boulogne
1603 - Scottish King James VI son of Mary Queen of Scots, becomes King James I of England in succession to Elizabeth I, thus joining the English and Scottish crowns.
1629 - 1st game law passed in American colonies, by Virginia
1645 - Battle at Jankov Bohemia: Sweden beatS RC emperor Ferdinand III
1664 - Roger Williams is granted a charter to colonize Rhode Island
1721 - Johann Sebastian Bach opens his Brandenburgse Concerts
1731 - Naturalization of Hieronimus de Salis Parliamentary Act is passed.
1765 - Britain enacts Quartering Act, required colonists to provide temporary housing to British soldiers
1792 - Benjamin West (US) becomes president of Royal Academy of London
Composer Johann Sebastian BachComposer Johann Sebastian Bach 1801 - Aleksandr Pavlovich Romanov becomes Tsar Alexander I of Russia
1815 - Handel & Haydn Society of Boston founded
1828 - Philadelphia & Columbia Railway (1st state owned) authorized
1832 - Mormon Joseph Smith beaten, tarred & feathered in Ohio
1837 - Canada gives black citizens the right to vote
1848 - State of siege proclaimed in Amsterdam
1855 - Manhattan Kansas founded as New Boston Kansas
1860 - Clipper Andrew Jackson arrives in SF, 89 days out of NY
1868 - Metropolitan Life Insurance Co forms
1877 - University boat race between Oxford & Cambridge ends in a dead heat
Religious Leader Joseph Smith JrReligious Leader Joseph Smith Jr 1878 - British frigate Eurydice sunk; 300 lost
1880 - Tobacco Growers' Mutual Insurance Company incorporates in CT
1882 - German scientist Robert Koch discovers bacillus cause of TB
1883 - 1st telephone call between NY & Chicago
1887 - Oscar Straus appointed 1st Jewish ambassador from US (to Turkey)
1890 - Start of Sherlock Holmes "The Adventure of Wisteria Lodge" (BG)
1894 - 37 miners killed at Franklin, WA
1898 - 1st automobile sold
1900 - New York City Mayor Robert Anderson Van Wyck breaks ground for a new underground "Rapid Transit Railroad" that would link Manhattan and Brooklyn.
Microbiologist Robert KochMicrobiologist Robert Koch 1905 - A group of Cretans dedicated to Crete's union with Greece led by Eleutherios Venizelos, meet at the village of Therisso and proclaim a union in defiance of the Great Powers
1906 - "Census of the British Empire" shows Britain rules 1/5 of the world
1907 - The first issue of the Georgian Bolshevik newspaper Dro is published.
1910 - 83°F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in March
1913 - Netherlands soccer team's 1st victory over England
1913 - Palace Theater opens at 1564 Broadway NYC
1916 - German submarines torpedo the French Channel packet 'Sussex' which is unarmed
1920 - 1st US coast guard air station established (Morehead City NC)
1922 - Grand National at Aintree sees only 3 horses out of 32 starters finish
1924 - Greece becomes a republic
1925 - KSL-AM in Salt Lake City UT begins radio transmissions
1926 - The Beehive in the Hague opens 1st escalator in Netherlands
1927 - Cuban chess champion Jose Capablanca wins 33-day Grand Chess Tournie
1927 - Dutch 1st Chamber condemns Belgian & Netherland's Wielingen Treaty
1930 - 1st religious services telecast in US (W2XBS NYC)
1930 - Planet Pluto named
1932 - 1st US radio broadcast from a moving train (Belle Baker WABC from MD)
1933 - Peter I Island incorporated as a Norwegian dependency
1934 - U.S. Congress passes the Tydings-McDuffie Act, declaring the Philippines after a period of 10 years
1935 - Major Bowes' Original Amateur Hour goes national on NBC Radio Network
1936 - Red Wings beat Montreal Maroons in 16 mins & 30 seconds of 6th period Stanley Cup game lasts 9 periods (176 mins), ends 1-0
1937 - Bus blew a tire, going out of control, killing 18 (Salem Illinois)
1937 - National Gallery of Art established by Congress
1941 - British troops defeat British Somalia
1941 - German troops occupy El Agheila Libya
1941 - Glenn Miller begins work on his 1st movie for 20th Century Fox
1941 - LIU beats Ohio U 56-42 for NIT basketball championship
1941 - Richard Wright & Paul Green's "Native Son" premieres in NYC
1944 - 76 Allied officers escape Stalag Luft 3 (Great Escape)
1944 - 811 British bombers attack Berlin
1944 - In occupied Rome, Nazis execute more than 300 civilians
1945 - Generals Eisenhower, Montgomery & Bradley discuss advance in Germany
1945 - Largest one-day airborne drop, 600 transports & 1300 gliders
1945 - Operation Varsity: British, US & Canadian airborne landings east of the Rhine
1945 - US minesweepers reach Kerama Retto, South coast of Okinawa
1947 - Congress proposes 2-term limitation on the presidency
Financier and Philanthropist John D. Rockefeller JrFinancier and Philanthropist John D. Rockefeller Jr 1947 - John D. Rockefeller Jr donates NYC East River site to the UN
1949 - 21st Academy Awards - "Hamlet", Laurence Olivier & Jane Wyman win
1949 - Walter & John Huston become 1st father-and-son team to win
1950 - Gracie de Moss wins LPGA Pro-Ladies Golf Championship
1950 - US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Yvonne C Sherman
1950 - US Mens Figure Skating championship won by Richard Button
1952 - Great demonstrations against apartheid in South Africa
1953 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1955 - 1st seagoing oil drill rig placed in service
1955 - British Army patrols withdraw from Belfast after 20 years
Playwright Tennessee WilliamsPlaywright Tennessee Williams 1955 - Tennessee Williams' "Cat on a Hot Tin Roof" opens for 694 performances
1958 - Elvis Presley joins the army (serial number 53310761)
1959 - Iraq withdraws from the Baghdad Pact
1959 - The Party of the African Federation (PFA) is launched by Léopold Sédar Senghor and Modibo Keita.
1960 - US appeals court rules novel "Lady Chatterly's Lover" not obscene
1961 - NY Senate approves $55M for a baseball stadium at Flushing Meadows
1962 - 24th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Cin beats Ohio State 71-59
1962 - Benny Paret knocked out in a welterweight title; he dies 10 days later
Singer & Cultural Icon Elvis PresleySinger & Cultural Icon Elvis Presley 1962 - Mick Jagger & Keith Richards perform as Little Boy Blue & Blue Boys
1964 - Kennedy half-dollar issued
1965 - US Ranger 9 strikes Moon, 10 miles (16 km) NE of crater Alphonsus
1966 - Selective Service announces college deferments based on performance
1967 - U of Mich holds 1st "Teach-in" after bombing of North Vietnam
1968 - Mickey Wright wins Port Malabar Golf Invitational
1970 - Dutch cartoonist Frans Piet ends "Sjors & Sjimmie" strip
1972 - Great Britain imposes direct rule over Northern Ireland
1973 - Harley Race beats Dory Funk Jr in Kansas City, to become NWA champ
1973 - Immaculata beats Queens College, 59-52 to win AIAW Basketball title
1973 - Professional track debut of Kip Keino defeating Jim Ryun in the mile
1973 - SF 49er pres Lou Spadia proposes NFL expand to 30 teams
1974 - 36th NCAA Mens Basketball Championship: NC State beats Marquette 76-64
1975 - Muhammad Ali TKOs Chuck Wepner in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
1976 - Argentine Pres Isabel Peron deposed by country's military
1978 - Wings release "With a Little Luck"

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 239

1188 - Ferrand of Portugal, earl of Flanders/son of Sancho I
1441 - Ernst I, elector of Saxon (1464-86)
1494 - Georgius Agricola, Germany, mineralogist (De Re Metallica)
1607 - Michiel A de Ruyter, Dutch rear admiral (St Vincent, Dune)
1628 - Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg, queen of Denmark and Norway (d. 1685)
1630 - Jose Saenz d'Aguirre, Spanish cardinal
1657 - Arai Hakuseki, Japanese writer and politician (d. 1725)
1693 - John Harrison, British clockmaker (d. 1776)
1703 - Jose F de Isla, [Francisco de Salazar], Spanish Jesuit/writer
1714 - Carlo Giovanni Testori, composer
1725 - Samuel Ashe, Governor of North Carolina (d. 1813)
1725 - Thomas Cushing, American Continental Congressman and acting Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1788)
1732 - Gian Francesco de Majo, composer
1733 - Joseph Priestley, England, Birstall England, clergyman/scientist (discovered oxygen)
1740 - John Antes, composer
1749 - Bernard Jumentier, composer
1755 - Rufus King, framer of US constitution
1762 - Marcos Antonio da Fonseca, Portugal, opera composer (Portogallo)
1782 - Orest Kiprensky, Russian painter (d. 1836)
1796 - John Corry Wilson Daly, Canadian politician (d. 1878)
1797 - Antonio Rosmini-Serbati, philosopher/founder (Institute of Charity)
1802 - Jacob van Lennep, attorney/Dutch MP
1808 - Maria Malibran, Spanish-French singer (d. 1836)
1809 - Joseph Liouville, France, discover of transcendental numbers
1814 - Galen Clark, US, naturalist/discovered Mariposa Grove
1817 - Aime Maillart, composer
1820 - A. E. Becquerel, French physicist (d. 1891)
1820 - Fanny Crosby, American hymnist (d. 1915)
1821 - Elisa Felix, [Rachel], tragedienne
1821 - [George] Hector Tyndale, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
1829 - George Francis Train, American businessman (d. 1904)
1829 - Ignacio Zaragoza, Mexican general (d. 1862)
1830 - Robert Hamerling, Austrian poet (d. 1889)
1834 - John Wesley Powell, US, geologist/explorer/ethnologist
1834 - William Morris, England, designer/craftsman/poet/socialist
1835 - Josef Stefan, Austria, physicist (Stefan-Boltzmann law)
1837 - Philips, Count of Flanders Belgium
1848 - Honoré Beaugrand, Quebec journalist and newspaper publisher (La Patrie) (d. 1906)
1850 - Silas Hocking, British novelist and preacher (d. 1935)
Banker, Industrialist and Secretary of the US Treasury Andrew W. MellonBanker, Industrialist and Secretary of the US Treasury Andrew W. Mellon (1855) 1855 - Andrew W. Mellon, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, banker (Mellon Bank), US Secretary of the Treasury (1921-32) and philanthropist
1855 - Olive Schreiner, South African writer (Portrait of a South African Woman)
1866 - Jack McAuliffe, US lightweight boxing champ, hall of famer
1874 - Harry Houdini, [Erich Weiss], Budapest, magician/escape artist
1874 - Luigi Einaudi, economist/1st president of Italy (1948-55)
1878 - Top Naeff, [Anthonetta van Rhijn-N-Naeff], Dutch writer
1883 - James I Wedgwood, British theosophist/old-catholic bishop
1884 - Gino Marinuzzi, composer
Magician & Escape Artist Harry HoudiniMagician & Escape Artist Harry Houdini (1874) 1884 - Peter Debye, Holland, physical chemist (Nobel 1936)
1885 - Charlie Daniels, US swimmer (Olympics-4 gold-1904, 08)
1886 - Athenagoras I, Greek Patriarch of Constantinople (d. 1972)
1886 - Edward Weston, American photographer (d. 1958)
1887 - Roscoe "Fatty" Arbuckle, San Jose CA, actor (Keystone comedies)
1888 - Jameson Thomas, London England, actor (Farmer's Wife)
1888 - Viktor Kingissepp, Estonian Bolshevik politician (d. 1922)
1889 - Albert Hill, British athlete (d. 1969)
1891 - Annie "Charley" Toorop, Dutch painter (3 Generations)
1891 - John Knittel, writer
1891 - Sergey Ivanovich Vavilov, Soviet physicist (d. 1951)
1893 - George Sisler, American baseball player (d. 1973)
1895 - Arthur Murray, dancer (Arthur Murray's Dance Party)
1895 - Sid Saylor, Chicago Ill, actor (Wally-Waterfront)
1896 - Gianna Manzini, writer
1897 - Charles Eyck, Dutch painter/sculptor
1897 - Wilhelm Reich, Austrian-US psycho analysist (character analysis)
1898 - Dorothy Stratton, organizer (SPARS-women's branch of US Coast Guard)
1898 - George Alpert, railroad executive
1900 - June [Algeria Junius] Clark, musician trumpet
1901 - Ub Iwerks, American cartoonist (d. 1971)
1902 - Thomas E Dewey, Owosso MI, Governor and Republican presidential candidate 1944, 1948
1903 - Adolph F J Butenandt, German bio-chemist (Nobel 1939)
1903 - John Patrick Sutton Ludlow, actor (Agatha)
1903 - Malcolm Muggeridge, English writer (Observer of Life)
1905 - Andre Christiaens, Flemish writer (Unfindable Country)
1905 - Pura Santillan-Castrence, Filipino writer and diplomat (d. 2007)
1906 - John Cameron Swayze, news correspondent/spokesman (Timex) [OS]
1906 - Klavdiya Shulzhenko, Soviet singer (d. 1984)
1907 - Janet Harmon Bragg, US pilot/columnist (Chicago Defender)
1907 - Lauris Norstad, US gen (NATO commander)/CEO (Owens-Corning Fiberglass)
1907 - Lucia Chase, US ballerina/co-founder (American Ballet Theater)
1907 - Lydia Korneevna Chukovskaya, writer
1907 - Martin Kosleck, Germany, actor (Pursuit to Algiers)
1907 - Paul Sauvé, Quebec politician (d. 1960)
Bank Robber Clyde BarrowBank Robber Clyde Barrow (1909) 1909 - Clyde Barrow, bank robber (of Bonnie & Clyde fame)
1909 - Thomas E "Tommy" Trinder, English radio comic/actor (Phoenix)
1910 - Jacques Chailley, composer
1910 - Richard Conte, Jersey City NJ, actor (4 Just Men, Tony Rome, Hotel)
1911 - Herman W "Fritz" Liebert, US OSSer/librarian (Yale curator)
1911 - Jane Beverly Drew, architect
1911 - Joseph Barbera, animator (Hanna-Barbera)
1912 - Dorothy Height, Richmond, Virginia, American civil rights and women's rights activist
1914 - Lilli Palmer, Posen Germany, actress (Boys From Brazil, Sebastian)
Civil Rights and Women's Rights Activist Dorothy HeightCivil Rights and Women's Rights Activist Dorothy Height (1912) 1915 - Gorgeous George, American professional wrestler (d. 1963)
1916 - Donald Hamilton, Swedish-American novelist (d. 2006)
1917 - John Kendrew, British molecular biologist, Nobel laureate (d. 1997)
1917 - Constantine Andreou, Greek-Brazilian artist (d. 2007)
1918 - Englebert van Anderlecht, Belgian painter
1919 - Lawrence Ferlinghetti, US, beat poet (Coney Island of the Mind)
1919 - John J Duncan Jr, (Rep-R-TN, 1965- )
1919 - Lawrence Ferlinghetti, author (Coney Island of the Mind)
1919 - Robert Heilbroner, American economist (d. 2005

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 6 of 6

Novelist Joseph ConradNovelist Joseph Conrad (1896) 1896 - Writer "Heart of Darkness" Joseph Conrad (39) marries Englishwoman Jessie George (23)
1950 - Actress Ingrid Bergman (34) weds Roberto Rossellini
1952 - Author of 'James Bond' novels, journalist and secret intelligence agent Ian Fleming marries Anne Geraldine Charteris
1984 - "Knight Rider" actor David Hasselhoff (32) weds "One Life to Live" actress Catherine Hickland (28)
1996 - Former Atlanta mayor and UN ambassador Andrew Young (64) weds Carolyn Watson (49) in South Africa
2013 - Motorcycle mogul Jesse James (43) weds drag racer Alexis DeJoria in Malibu, California

Famous Divorces

Divorces 1 - 1 of 1

1994 - Robert F Kennedy Jr divorces Emily Black

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 107

809 - Harun al-Rashid, caliph of the Abbasid empire (786-809), dies at 44
1284 - King Hugh III of Cyprus
1381 - Saint Catharine of Sweden, Swedish saint
1396 - Walter Hilton, English mystic
1400 - Florens Radewijns, Dutch priest/leader Modern Devotion, dies
1455 - Nicholas V, [Tommaso Parentucelli], Italian Pope (1447-55), dies at 57
1455 - Rudolf van Diepholt, bishop/cardinal of Utrecht (1448-55), dies
1471 - Thomas Malory, author (Le Morte d'Arthur), dies at 55
1558 - Anna van Buren, countess of Egmond/Buren/Lingen, dies
1563 - Hosokawa Harumoto, Japanese military leader (b. 1514)
1575 - Yosef Karo, Spanish-born rabbi (b. 1488)
English Monarch Queen Elizabeth IEnglish Monarch Queen Elizabeth I (1603) 1603 - Elizabeth I Tudor, [Virgin Queen], of England and Ireland (1558-1603), dies at 69
1631 - Philipp Dulichius, composer, dies at 68
1635 - Jacques Callot, French cartoonist/engraver, dies at about 42
1644 - Cecilia Renata, arch duchess of Austria, dies
1654 - Samuel Scheidt, German composer (Concertus sacri), dies at 66
1661 - William Leddra, last Quaker, hanged in Boston
1755 - Theodor Christleib Reinhold, composer, dies at 72
1773 - Philip Dormer Stanhope, English statesman (b. 1694)
1776 - John Harrison, English clockmaker (b. 1693)
1823 - Cornelis van Foreest, Dutch mayor (Alkmaar), dies at 66
1825 - Giovanni Domenico Perotti, composer, dies at 64
1838 - Thomas Attwood, composer, dies at 72
1866 - Maria Amalia, of Bourbon-Sicily, wife of Louis Filips of Austria, dies
1869 - Antoine-Henri Jomini, French general (b. 1779)
1877 - Walter Bagehot, English economist/critic/banker, dies at 51
1878 - Albin Masek, composer, dies at 73
1881 - Friedrich Hecker, German revolutionary republic politician, dies at 69
1881 - Joseph Delesse, French geologist (b. 1817)
1882 - Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, US poet (Song of Hiawatha), dies at 75
1887 - Ivan Kramskoi, Russian painter and art critic (b. 1837)
1888 - Vsevolod Garshin, Russian author (b. 1855)
1894 - Robert Prescott Stewart, composer, dies at 68
1899 - Billy Barnes, cricketer (725 runs in 21 Tests for England), dies
1905 - Jules Verne, sci-fi author (Around the World in 80 Days), dies at 77
1909 - John Millington Synge, Irish dramatist/playwright/poet, dies at 37
1911 - Matthew Stanley Robison, president (Cardinals), dies
1915 - Karol Olszewski, Polish scientist (b. 1846)
1916 - Enrique y Campina Granados, Sp opera composer (Goyescas), drowns at 48
1918 - Theophile Ysaye, composer, dies at 53
1921 - Deodat de Severac, composer, dies at 48
1921 - Larry McLean, Canadian baseball player (b. 1881)
1932 - George Robert Canning, cricketer (the 4th Lord Harris), dies
1945 - J S Nicklin, Lt-Col/Canada's 1st parachutist, dies
1945 - Thomas Rennie, Gen-Maj (Dutch command 51st Highland Division), dies
1946 - Alexander A Alekhine, world chess champ (1927-35, 37-46), dies at 53
1946 - Gustaf Heintze, composer, dies at 66
1948 - Sigrid Hjertén, Swedish modernist painter (b. 1885)
1950 - James Rudolph Garfield, American politician (b. 1865)
1953 - Mary, [Victoria Mary] of Teck, Queen of Great Britain and consort of George V, dies at 85
1953 - Felix M Abel, French dominican/biblical scholar, dies at 74
1953 - Mary, queen of Great-Britain/North-Ireland, dies at 85
1956 - Edmund Taylor Whittaker, British mathematician (applied mathematics and the theory of special functions), dies at 82
1960 - Paul Joostens, Flemish painter, dies at 70
1962 - Jean Goldkette, Greek-born musician (b. 1899)
1964 - Peter Lorre, Hungarian/US actor (Maltese Falcon, Raven), dies at 59
1967 - Marc Lavry, composer, dies at 63
1968 - Howard Petrie, actor (Border River, Bounty Hunter), dies at 61
1968 - Lauwrens Voorthuyzen, Dutch sect leader, dies at 70
1968 - Alice Guy-Blaché, American film director (b. 1873)
1969 - Joseph Kasavubu, president Congo (1960-65), dies at about 55
1974 - Doris Deane, dies at 74
1974 - Yoshida Isoya, Japanese architect (modern sukiya style), dies at 79
1975 - Muriel Hutchinson, actor (Another Thin Man), dies at 60
1975 - Oscar Rasbach, composer, dies at 86
1976 - Bernard L Montgomery, British General, defeated Rommel, dies at 88
1976 - Nelson Case, TV host (Trash or Treasure), dies at 66
Soldier, British Field Marshal Bernard Law MontgomerySoldier, British Field Marshal Bernard Law Montgomery (1976) 1976 - Bernard Law Montgomery, 1st Viscount Alamein, British Field Marshal, Alton, Hampshire
1977 - Saburo Moroi, composer, dies at 73
1978 - Brackett Hamilton Leigh, [Douglass], author (Ginger Star), dies at 62
1979 - Yvonne Mitchell, writer, dies at 53
1980 - Oscar Romero, archbishop of San Salvador, murdered during mass
1982 - Ace Goodman, KC Mo, comedian (Easy Aces), dies at 83
1984 - Sam Jaffe, actor (Dr Zorba-Ben Casey), dies of cancer at 93
1986 - Sarah Cunningham, actress (Nurse Andrews-Trapper John MD), dies at 67
1990 - Alice Sapritch, actress (European Vacation), dies
1990 - An Wang, computer manufacturer (Wang), dies at 70 of cancer
1990 - Ray Goulding, comedian (Bob & Ray), dies of kidney failure at 68
1990 - Rene Enriquez, actor (Hill St Blues), dies of pancreatic cancer at 56
1991 - Sir John Kerr, Australian politician (b. 1914)
1993 - Erik Andriesse, Dutch painter (skulls, skeletons), dies at 35
1993 - John Hersey, Pulitzer prize author (Hiroshima), dies at 78
1993 - Peter Roovers, Dutch sculptor/teacher (war monuments), dies at 90
1993 - Taylor Reed, actor (Easy Money), dies of heart attack at 60
1994 - Edith Porada, art historian/archaeologist, dies at 81
1994 - Luis Donaldo Colosio, Mexican politician, assassinated
1994 - Tommy Benford, jazz drummer, dies at 88
1995 - Anthony Standerwick Heal, businessman, dies at 88
1995 - Joey Long, blues/cajun guitarist, dies at 62
1995 - Trevor Oswald Ling, religious Studies Professor, dies at 75
1996 - Maria Lucia Beltran Alcayaga, singer, dies at 66
1997 - Martin Caidin, American aviation writer (b. 1927)
1999 - Gertrud Scholtz-Klink, German women's activist (b. 1902)
1999 - Birdie Tebbetts, American baseball player and manager (b. 1912)
2001 - Muriel Young, English TV entertainer (b. 1928)
2002 - César Milstein, Argentine scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1927)
2003 - Hans Hermann Groër, Austrian Catholic archbishop (b. 1919)
2006 - Lynne Perrie, English actress (b. 1931)
2008 - Chalmers "Spanky" Alford‎, American guitarist (b. 1955)
2008 - Neil Aspinall, British record producer (b. 1941)

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