This Day in History for 24th March

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 167

1379 - End of Gelderse war victory
1545 - German Parliament opens in Worms
1550 - France & England sign Peace of Boulogne
1603 - Scottish King James VI son of Mary Queen of Scots, becomes King James I of England in succession to Elizabeth I, thus joining the English and Scottish crowns.
1629 - 1st game law passed in American colonies, by Virginia
1645 - Battle at Jankov Bohemia: Sweden beatS RC emperor Ferdinand III
1664 - Roger Williams is granted a charter to colonize Rhode Island
1721 - Johann Sebastian Bach opens his Brandenburgse Concerts
1731 - Naturalization of Hieronimus de Salis Parliamentary Act is passed.
1765 - Britain enacts Quartering Act, required colonists to provide temporary housing to British soldiers
1792 - Benjamin West (US) becomes president of Royal Academy of London
Composer Johann Sebastian BachComposer Johann Sebastian Bach 1801 - Aleksandr Pavlovich Romanov becomes Tsar Alexander I of Russia
1828 - Philadelphia & Columbia Railway (1st state owned) authorized
1832 - Mormon joseph smith beaten, tarred & feathered in Ohio
1837 - Canada gives black citizens the right to vote
1848 - State of siege proclaimed in Amsterdam
1855 - Manhattan Kansas founded as New Boston Kansas
1860 - Clipper Andrew Jackson arrives in SF, 89 days out of NY
1868 - Metropolitan Life Insurance Co forms
1877 - University boat race between Oxford & Cambridge ends in a dead heat
1878 - British frigate Eurydice sunk; 300 lost
Religious Leader Joseph Smith JrReligious Leader Joseph Smith Jr 1880 - Tobacco Growers' Mutual Insurance Company incorporates in CT
1882 - German scientist Robert Koch discovers bacillus cause of TB
1883 - 1st telephone call between NY & Chicago
1887 - Oscar Straus appointed 1st Jewish ambassador from US (to Turkey)
1890 - Start of Sherlock Holmes "The Adventure of Wisteria Lodge" (BG)
1894 - 37 miners killed at Franklin, WA
1898 - 1st automobile sold
1900 - New York City Mayor Robert Anderson Van Wyck breaks ground for a new underground "Rapid Transit Railroad" that would link Manhattan and Brooklyn.
Microbiologist Robert KochMicrobiologist Robert Koch 1905 - A group of Cretans dedicated to Crete's union with Greece led by Eleutherios Venizelos, meet at the village of Therisso and proclaim a union in defiance of the Great Powers
1906 - "Census of the British Empire" shows Britain rules 1/5 of the world
1907 - The first issue of the Georgian Bolshevik newspaper Dro is published.
1910 - 83°F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in March
1913 - Netherlands soccer team's 1st victory over England
1913 - Palace Theater opens at 1564 Broadway NYC
1920 - 1st US coast guard air station established (Morehead City NC)
1922 - Grand National at Aintree sees only 3 horses out of 32 starters finish
1924 - Greece becomes a republic
1925 - KSL-AM in Salt Lake City UT begins radio transmissions
1926 - The Beehive in the Hague opens 1st escalator in Netherlands
1927 - Cuban chess champion Jose Capablanca wins 33-day Grand Chess Tournie
1927 - Dutch 1st Chamber condemns Belgian & Netherland's Wielingen Treaty
1930 - 1st religious services telecast in US (W2XBS NYC)
1930 - Planet Pluto named
1932 - 1st US radio broadcast from a moving train (Belle Baker WABC from MD)
1933 - Peter I Island incorporated as a Norwegian dependency
1934 - U.S. Congress passes the Tydings-McDuffie Act, declaring the Philippines after a period of 10 years
1935 - Major Bowes' Original Amateur Hour goes national on NBC Radio Network
1936 - Red Wings beat Montreal Maroons in 16 mins & 30 seconds of 6th period Stanley Cup game lasts 9 periods (176 mins), ends 1-0
1937 - Bus blew a tire, going out of control, killing 18 (Salem Illinois)
1937 - National Gallery of Art established by Congress
1941 - British troops defeat British Somalia
1941 - German troops occupy El Agheila Libya
1941 - Glenn Miller begins work on his 1st movie for 20th Century Fox
1941 - LIU beats Ohio U 56-42 for NIT basketball championship
1941 - Richard Wright & Paul Green's "Native Son" premieres in NYC
1944 - 76 Allied officers escape Stalag Luft 3 (Great Escape)
1944 - 811 British bombers attack Berlin
1944 - In occupied Rome, Nazis execute more than 300 civilians
1945 - Generals Eisenhower, Montgomery & Bradley discuss advance in Germany
1945 - Largest one-day airborne drop, 600 transports & 1300 gliders
1945 - Operation Varsity: British, US & Canadian airborne landings east of the Rhine
1945 - US minesweepers reach Kerama Retto, South coast of Okinawa
1947 - Congress proposes 2-term limitation on the presidency
Financier and Philanthropist John D. Rockefeller JrFinancier and Philanthropist John D. Rockefeller Jr 1947 - John D. Rockefeller Jr donates NYC East River site to the UN
1949 - 21st Academy Awards - "Hamlet", Laurence Olivier & Jane Wyman win
1949 - Walter & John Huston become 1st father-and-son team to win
1950 - Gracie de Moss wins LPGA Pro-Ladies Golf Championship
1950 - US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Yvonne C Sherman
1950 - US Mens Figure Skating championship won by Richard Button
1952 - Great demonstrations against apartheid in South Africa
1953 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1955 - 1st seagoing oil drill rig placed in service
1955 - British Army patrols withdraw from Belfast after 20 years
Playwright Tennessee WilliamsPlaywright Tennessee Williams 1955 - Tennessee Williams' "Cat on a Hot Tin Roof" opens for 694 performances
1958 - Elvis Presley joins the army (serial number 53310761)
1959 - Iraq withdraws from the Baghdad Pact
1959 - The Party of the African Federation (PFA) is launched by Léopold Sédar Senghor and Modibo Keita.
1960 - US appeals court rules novel "Lady Chatterly's Lover" not obscene
1961 - NY Senate approves $55M for a baseball stadium at Flushing Meadows
1962 - 24th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Cin beats Ohio State 71-59
1962 - Benny Paret knocked out in a welterweight title; he dies 10 days later
Singer & Cultural Icon Elvis PresleySinger & Cultural Icon Elvis Presley 1962 - Mick Jagger & Keith Richards perform as Little Boy Blue & Blue Boys
1964 - Kennedy half-dollar issued
1965 - US Ranger 9 strikes Moon, 10 miles (16 km) NE of crater Alphonsus
1966 - Selective Service announces college deferments based on performance
1967 - U of Mich holds 1st "Teach-in" after bombing of North Vietnam
1968 - Mickey Wright wins Port Malabar Golf Invitational
1970 - Dutch cartoonist Frans Piet ends "Sjors & Sjimmie" strip
1972 - Great Britain imposes direct rule over Northern Ireland
1973 - Harley Race beats Dory Funk Jr in Kansas City, to become NWA champ
1973 - Immaculata beats Queens College, 59-52 to win AIAW Basketball title
1973 - Professional track debut of Kip Keino defeating Jim Ryun in the mile
1973 - SF 49er pres Lou Spadia proposes NFL expand to 30 teams
1974 - 36th NCAA Mens Basketball Championship: NC State beats Marquette 76-64
1975 - Muhammad Ali TKOs Chuck Wepner in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
1976 - Argentine Pres Isabel Peron deposed by country's military
1978 - Wings release "With a Little Luck"
1979 - "Ballroom" closes at Majestic Theater NYC after 116 performances
1979 - 1st appearance as Australian cricket captain for Kim Hughes

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 239

1188 - Ferrand of Portugal, earl of Flanders/son of Sancho I
1441 - Ernst I, elector of Saxon (1464-86)
1494 - Georgius Agricola, Germany, mineralogist (De Re Metallica)
1607 - Michiel A de Ruyter, Dutch rear admiral (St Vincent, Dune)
1628 - Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg, queen of Denmark and Norway (d. 1685)
1630 - Jose Saenz d'Aguirre, Spanish cardinal
1657 - Arai Hakuseki, Japanese writer and politician (d. 1725)
1693 - John Harrison, British clockmaker (d. 1776)
1703 - Jose F de Isla, [Francisco de Salazar], Spanish Jesuit/writer
1714 - Carlo Giovanni Testori, composer
1725 - Samuel Ashe, Governor of North Carolina (d. 1813)
1725 - Thomas Cushing, American Continental Congressman and acting Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1788)
1732 - Gian Francesco de Majo, composer
1733 - Joseph Priestley, England, Birstall England, clergyman/scientist (discovered oxygen)
1740 - John Antes, composer
1749 - Bernard Jumentier, composer
1755 - Rufus King, framer of US constitution
1762 - Marcos Antonio da Fonseca, Portugal, opera composer (Portogallo)
1782 - Orest Kiprensky, Russian painter (d. 1836)
1796 - John Corry Wilson Daly, Canadian politician (d. 1878)
1797 - Antonio Rosmini-Serbati, philosopher/founder (Institute of Charity)
1802 - Jacob van Lennep, attorney/Dutch MP
1808 - Maria Malibran, Spanish-French singer (d. 1836)
1809 - Joseph Liouville, France, discover of transcendental numbers
1814 - Galen Clark, US, naturalist/discovered Mariposa Grove
1817 - Aime Maillart, composer
1820 - A. E. Becquerel, French physicist (d. 1891)
1820 - Fanny Crosby, American hymnist (d. 1915)
1821 - Elisa Felix, [Rachel], tragedienne
1821 - [George] Hector Tyndale, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
1829 - George Francis Train, American businessman (d. 1904)
1829 - Ignacio Zaragoza, Mexican general (d. 1862)
1830 - Robert Hamerling, Austrian poet (d. 1889)
1834 - John Wesley Powell, US, geologist/explorer/ethnologist
1834 - William Morris, England, designer/craftsman/poet/socialist
1835 - Josef Stefan, Austria, physicist (Stefan-Boltzmann law)
1837 - Philips, Count of Flanders Belgium
1848 - Honoré Beaugrand, Quebec journalist and newspaper publisher (La Patrie) (d. 1906)
1850 - Silas Hocking, British novelist and preacher (d. 1935)
Banker, Industrialist and Secretary of the US Treasury Andrew W MellonBanker, Industrialist and Secretary of the US Treasury Andrew W Mellon (1855) 1855 - Andrew W. Mellon, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, banker (Mellon Bank), US Secretary of the Treasury (1921-32) and philanthropist
1855 - Olive Schreiner, South African writer (Portrait of a South African Woman)
1866 - Jack McAuliffe, US lightweight boxing champ, hall of famer
1874 - Harry Houdini, [Erich Weiss], Budapest, magician/escape artist
1874 - Luigi Einaudi, economist/1st president of Italy (1948-55)
1878 - Top Naeff, [Anthonetta van Rhijn-N-Naeff], Dutch writer
1883 - James I Wedgwood, British theosophist/old-catholic bishop
1884 - Gino Marinuzzi, composer
Magician & Escape Artist Harry HoudiniMagician & Escape Artist Harry Houdini (1874) 1884 - Peter Debye, Holland, physical chemist (Nobel 1936)
1885 - Charlie Daniels, US swimmer (Olympics-4 gold-1904, 08)
1886 - Athenagoras I, Greek Patriarch of Constantinople (d. 1972)
1886 - Edward Weston, American photographer (d. 1958)
1887 - Roscoe "Fatty" Arbuckle, San Jose CA, actor (Keystone comedies)
1888 - Jameson Thomas, London England, actor (Farmer's Wife)
1888 - Viktor Kingissepp, Estonian Bolshevik politician (d. 1922)
1889 - Albert Hill, British athlete (d. 1969)
1891 - Annie "Charley" Toorop, Dutch painter (3 Generations)
1891 - John Knittel, writer
1891 - Sergey Ivanovich Vavilov, Soviet physicist (d. 1951)
1893 - George Sisler, American baseball player (d. 1973)
1895 - Arthur Murray, dancer (Arthur Murray's Dance Party)
1895 - Sid Saylor, Chicago Ill, actor (Wally-Waterfront)
1896 - Gianna Manzini, writer
1897 - Charles Eyck, Dutch painter/sculptor
1897 - Wilhelm Reich, Austrian-US psycho analysist (character analysis)
1898 - Dorothy Stratton, organizer (SPARS-women's branch of US Coast Guard)
1898 - George Alpert, railroad executive
1900 - June [Algeria Junius] Clark, musician trumpet
1901 - Ub Iwerks, American cartoonist (d. 1971)
1902 - Thomas E Dewey, Owosso MI, Governor and Republican presidential candidate 1944, 1948
1903 - Adolph F J Butenandt, German bio-chemist (Nobel 1939)
1903 - John Patrick Sutton Ludlow, actor (Agatha)
1903 - Malcolm Muggeridge, English writer (Observer of Life)
1905 - Andre Christiaens, Flemish writer (Unfindable Country)
1905 - Pura Santillan-Castrence, Filipino writer and diplomat (d. 2007)
1906 - John Cameron Swayze, news correspondent/spokesman (Timex) [OS]
1906 - Klavdiya Shulzhenko, Soviet singer (d. 1984)
1907 - Janet Harmon Bragg, US pilot/columnist (Chicago Defender)
1907 - Lauris Norstad, US gen (NATO commander)/CEO (Owens-Corning Fiberglass)
1907 - Lucia Chase, US ballerina/co-founder (American Ballet Theater)
1907 - Lydia Korneevna Chukovskaya, writer
1907 - Martin Kosleck, Germany, actor (Pursuit to Algiers)
1907 - Paul Sauvé, Quebec politician (d. 1960)
Bank Robber Clyde BarrowBank Robber Clyde Barrow (1909) 1909 - Clyde Barrow, bank robber (of Bonnie & Clyde fame)
1909 - Thomas E "Tommy" Trinder, English radio comic/actor (Phoenix)
1910 - Jacques Chailley, composer
1910 - Richard Conte, Jersey City NJ, actor (4 Just Men, Tony Rome, Hotel)
1911 - Herman W "Fritz" Liebert, US OSSer/librarian (Yale curator)
1911 - Jane Beverly Drew, architect
1911 - Joseph Barbera, animator (Hanna-Barbera)
1912 - Dorothy Height, Richmond, Virginia, American civil rights and women's rights activist
1914 - Lilli Palmer, Posen Germany, actress (Boys From Brazil, Sebastian)
Civil Rights and Women's Rights Activist Dorothy HeightCivil Rights and Women's Rights Activist Dorothy Height (1912) 1915 - Gorgeous George, American professional wrestler (d. 1963)
1916 - Donald Hamilton, Swedish-American novelist (d. 2006)
1917 - John Kendrew, British molecular biologist, Nobel laureate (d. 1997)
1917 - Constantine Andreou, Greek-Brazilian artist (d. 2007)
1918 - Englebert van Anderlecht, Belgian painter
1919 - Lawrence Ferlinghetti, US, beat poet (Coney Island of the Mind)
1919 - John J Duncan Jr, (Rep-R-TN, 1965- )
1919 - Lawrence Ferlinghetti, author (Coney Island of the Mind)
1919 - Robert Heilbroner, American economist (d. 2005

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 5 of 5

Novelist Joseph ConradNovelist Joseph Conrad (1896) 1896 - Writer "Heart of Darkness" Joseph Conrad (39) marries Englishwoman Jessie George (23)
1950 - Actress Ingrid Bergman (34) weds Roberto Rossellini
1952 - Author of 'James Bond' novels, journalist and secret intelligence agent Ian Fleming marries Anne Geraldine Charteris
1984 - "Knight Rider" actor David Hasselhoff (32) weds "One Life to Live" actress Catherine Hickland (28)
1996 - Former Atlanta mayor and UN ambassador Andrew Young (64) weds Carolyn Watson (49) in South Africa

Famous Divorces

Divorces 1 - 1 of 1

1994 - Robert F Kennedy Jr divorces Emily Black

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 107

809 - Harun al-Rashid, caliph of the Abbasid empire (786-809), dies at 44
1284 - King Hugh III of Cyprus
1381 - Saint Catharine of Sweden, Swedish saint
1396 - Walter Hilton, English mystic
1400 - Florens Radewijns, Dutch priest/leader Modern Devotion, dies
1455 - Nicholas V, [Tommaso Parentucelli], Italian Pope (1447-55), dies at 57
1455 - Rudolf van Diepholt, bishop/cardinal of Utrecht (1448-55), dies
1471 - Thomas Malory, author (Le Morte d'Arthur), dies at 55
1558 - Anna van Buren, countess of Egmond/Buren/Lingen, dies
1563 - Hosokawa Harumoto, Japanese military leader (b. 1514)
1575 - Yosef Karo, Spanish-born rabbi (b. 1488)
English Monarch Queen Elizabeth IEnglish Monarch Queen Elizabeth I (1603) 1603 - Elizabeth I Tudor, [Virgin Queen], of England and Ireland (1558-1603), dies at 69
1631 - Philipp Dulichius, composer, dies at 68
1635 - Jacques Callot, French cartoonist/engraver, dies at about 42
1644 - Cecilia Renata, arch duchess of Austria, dies
1654 - Samuel Scheidt, German composer (Concertus sacri), dies at 66
1661 - William Leddra, last Quaker, hanged in Boston
1755 - Theodor Christleib Reinhold, composer, dies at 72
1773 - Philip Dormer Stanhope, English statesman (b. 1694)
1776 - John Harrison, English clockmaker (b. 1693)
1823 - Cornelis van Foreest, Dutch mayor (Alkmaar), dies at 66
1825 - Giovanni Domenico Perotti, composer, dies at 64
1838 - Thomas Attwood, composer, dies at 72
1866 - Maria Amalia, of Bourbon-Sicily, wife of Louis Filips of Austria, dies
1869 - Antoine-Henri Jomini, French general (b. 1779)
1877 - Walter Bagehot, English economist/critic/banker, dies at 51
1878 - Albin Masek, composer, dies at 73
1881 - Friedrich Hecker, German revolutionary republic politician, dies at 69
1881 - Joseph Delesse, French geologist (b. 1817)
1882 - Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, US poet (Song of Hiawatha), dies at 75
1887 - Ivan Kramskoi, Russian painter and art critic (b. 1837)
1888 - Vsevolod Garshin, Russian author (b. 1855)
1894 - Robert Prescott Stewart, composer, dies at 68
1899 - Billy Barnes, cricketer (725 runs in 21 Tests for England), dies
1905 - Jules Verne, sci-fi author (Around the World in 80 Days), dies at 77
1909 - John Millington Synge, Irish dramatist/playwright/poet, dies at 37
1911 - Matthew Stanley Robison, president (Cardinals), dies
1915 - Karol Olszewski, Polish scientist (b. 1846)
1916 - Enrique y Campina Granados, Sp opera composer (Goyescas), drowns at 48
1918 - Theophile Ysaye, composer, dies at 53
1921 - Deodat de Severac, composer, dies at 48
1921 - Larry McLean, Canadian baseball player (b. 1881)
1932 - George Robert Canning, cricketer (the 4th Lord Harris), dies
1945 - J S Nicklin, Lt-Col/Canada's 1st parachutist, dies
1945 - Thomas Rennie, Gen-Maj (Dutch command 51st Highland Division), dies
1946 - Alexander A Alekhine, world chess champ (1927-35, 37-46), dies at 53
1946 - Gustaf Heintze, composer, dies at 66
1948 - Sigrid Hjertén, Swedish modernist painter (b. 1885)
1950 - James Rudolph Garfield, American politician (b. 1865)
1953 - Mary, [Victoria Mary] of Teck, Queen of Great Britain and consort of George V, dies at 85
1953 - Felix M Abel, French dominican/biblical scholar, dies at 74
1953 - Mary, queen of Great-Britain/North-Ireland, dies at 85
1956 - Edmund Taylor Whittaker, British mathematician (applied mathematics and the theory of special functions), dies at 82
1960 - Paul Joostens, Flemish painter, dies at 70
1962 - Jean Goldkette, Greek-born musician (b. 1899)
1964 - Peter Lorre, Hungarian/US actor (Maltese Falcon, Raven), dies at 59
1967 - Marc Lavry, composer, dies at 63
1968 - Howard Petrie, actor (Border River, Bounty Hunter), dies at 61
1968 - Lauwrens Voorthuyzen, Dutch sect leader, dies at 70
1968 - Alice Guy-Blaché, American film director (b. 1873)
1969 - Joseph Kasavubu, president Congo (1960-65), dies at about 55
1974 - Doris Deane, dies at 74
1974 - Yoshida Isoya, Japanese architect (modern sukiya style), dies at 79
1975 - Muriel Hutchinson, actor (Another Thin Man), dies at 60
1975 - Oscar Rasbach, composer, dies at 86
1976 - Bernard L Montgomery, British General, defeated Rommel, dies at 88
1976 - Nelson Case, TV host (Trash or Treasure), dies at 66
Soldier, British Field Marshal Bernard Law MontgomerySoldier, British Field Marshal Bernard Law Montgomery (1976) 1976 - Bernard Law Montgomery, 1st Viscount Alamein, British Field Marshal, Alton, Hampshire
1977 - Saburo Moroi, composer, dies at 73
1978 - Brackett Hamilton Leigh, [Douglass], author (Ginger Star), dies at 62
1979 - Yvonne Mitchell, writer, dies at 53
1980 - Oscar Romero, archbishop of San Salvador, murdered during mass
1982 - Ace Goodman, KC Mo, comedian (Easy Aces), dies at 83
1984 - Sam Jaffe, actor (Dr Zorba-Ben Casey), dies of cancer at 93
1986 - Sarah Cunningham, actress (Nurse Andrews-Trapper John MD), dies at 67
1990 - Alice Sapritch, actress (European Vacation), dies
1990 - An Wang, computer manufacturer (Wang), dies at 70 of cancer
1990 - Ray Goulding, comedian (Bob & Ray), dies of kidney failure at 68
1990 - Rene Enriquez, actor (Hill St Blues), dies of pancreatic cancer at 56
1991 - Sir John Kerr, Australian politician (b. 1914)
1993 - Erik Andriesse, Dutch painter (skulls, skeletons), dies at 35
1993 - John Hersey, Pulitzer prize author (Hiroshima), dies at 78
1993 - Peter Roovers, Dutch sculptor/teacher (war monuments), dies at 90
1993 - Taylor Reed, actor (Easy Money), dies of heart attack at 60
1994 - Edith Porada, art historian/archaeologist, dies at 81
1994 - Luis Donaldo Colosio, Mexican politician, assassinated
1994 - Tommy Benford, jazz drummer, dies at 88
1995 - Anthony Standerwick Heal, businessman, dies at 88
1995 - Joey Long, blues/cajun guitarist, dies at 62
1995 - Trevor Oswald Ling, religious Studies Professor, dies at 75
1996 - Maria Lucia Beltran Alcayaga, singer, dies at 66
1997 - Martin Caidin, American aviation writer (b. 1927)
1999 - Gertrud Scholtz-Klink, German women's activist (b. 1902)
1999 - Birdie Tebbetts, American baseball player and manager (b. 1912)
2001 - Muriel Young, English TV entertainer (b. 1928)
2002 - César Milstein, Argentine scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1927)
2003 - Hans Hermann Groër, Austrian Catholic archbishop (b. 1919)
2006 - Lynne Perrie, English actress (b. 1931)
2008 - Chalmers "Spanky" Alford‎, American guitarist (b. 1955)
2008 - Neil Aspinall, British record producer (b. 1941)

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