This Day in History for 26th March

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 188

1027 - John XIX crowns Conrad II Holy Roman Emperor, founder of the Salian dynasty
1147 - Jewish community in Cologne fasts to commemorate anti-Jewish violence
1484 - William Caxton printed his translation of Aesop's Fables.
1526 - King Francois I returns Spanish captivity to France
1534 - Lübeck accepts free Dutch ships into East Sea
1552 - Guru Amar Das becomes the Third Sikh Guru.
1636 - University of Utrecht opening ceremony
1668 - England takes control of Bombay, India
1692 - King Maximilian installed as land guardian of South Netherlands
1780 - 1st British Sunday newspaper appears (Brit Gazette & Sunday Monitor)
1790 - US Congress passes Naturalization Act, requires 2-year residency
1793 - Pro-royalist uprising in Vendée region of France
1799 - Napolean captures Jaffa, Palestine
1804 - Congress orders removal of Indians east of Mississippi to Louisiana
1804 - Territory of Orleans organizes in Louisiana Purchase
1808 - Charles IV of Spain abdicates in favor of his son, Ferdinand VII.
1812 - Earthquake destroys 90% of Caracas, Venezuela; about 20,000 die
1821 - Franz Grillparzer's "Das Goldene Vliess" premieres in Vienna
1824 - 1st performance of Beethoven's "Missa Solemnis"
1830 - The Book of Mormon is published in Palmyra, New York.
1839 - 1st Henley Royal Regatta
1845 - Joseph Francis, NYC, patents a corrugated sheet-iron lifeboat
1845 - Patent awarded for adhesive medicated plaster, precusor of bandaid
1852 - Decree regarding streets of Paris passed
1856 - NSW's 1st 1st-class game, v Victoria at Melbourne NSW won
1859 - 1st sighting of Vulcan, a planet thought to orbit inside Mercury
1862 - Battle of La Glorieta Pass, NM Terr (Apache Canyon, Pigeon's Ranch)
1863 - Voters in West Virginia approve gradual emancipation of slaves
1871 - Paris Commune founded
1872 - 7.8 earthquake shakes Owens Valley, California
1872 - Thomas J Martin patents fire extinguisher
1878 - Hastings College of Law founded in California
1878 - Sabi Game Reserve, world's 1st official designated game reserve, opens
1881 - Thessaly is freed and becomes part of Greece again.
1885 - Eastman Film Co manufactures 1st commercial motion picture film
Politician Louis RielPolitician Louis Riel 1885 - Louis Riel's forces defeat Canadian forces at Duck Lake, Sask
1886 - 1st cremation in England
1889 - Bernard Tancred carries bat for 26* out of 47! South Africa v England
1889 - Johnny Briggs took 15-26 (7-17 & 8-11) v South Africa at Newlands
1889 - South Africa all out 47, then follow-on all out 43 v England
1895 - King Alfonso plants pine sapling in Madrid, starts Spain's Arbor Day
1900 - 1st edition The (Free) People (Neth, probably Amsterdam)
1903 - American Hotel opens in Amsterdam
1909 - August Strindberg's "Bjalb-jarle-ti" premieres in Stockholm
1910 - US forbid immigration to criminals, anarchists, paupers & the sick
1910 - William H Lewis appointed asst attorney general of US
1913 - Bulgaria captures Adrianople, ending the 1st Balkan War
1913 - Dayton, Ohio almost destroyed when Scioto, Miami, & Muskingum River reach flood stage simultaneously
1915 - Stanley Cup: Vancouver Millionaires (PCHA) sweep Ottawa Senators
1916 - Birdman of Alcatraz receives solitary
1917 - Stanley Cup: Seattle Metropolitans (PCHA) beat Montreal Canadiens (NHL), 3 games to 1 - Seattle is 1st US team to win Stanley Cup
1923 - Stanley Cup: Ott Senators beat Vanc Millionaires (PCHA), 3 games to 1
1924 - Premiere of Bernard Shaw's "Saint Joan" in London
1926 - ACD de Graeff appointed gov-gen of Dutch East-Indies
1926 - The 1st lip-reading tournament held in America
1927 - Alfred Hugenberg purchases German film company UFA
1927 - Gaumont-British Film Corporation forms
1930 - Congress appropriates $50,000 for Inter-American highway
1931 - Iraq & Trans-Jordan sign peace treaty
1931 - Leo Bentley bowls 3 consecutive perfect games in Lorain, Ohio
1931 - New Delhi replaces Calcutta as capital of British-Indies
1934 - Driving tests introduced in Britain
1935 - "RvJ" Mitchell & Mjr Sorley discuss armament of Spitfire
1936 - 1st parliamentary debate on NZ radio
1936 - 200" telescope lens shipped, Corning Glass Works, NY-Cal Tech
1936 - Mary Joyce ends a 1,000 mile trip by dog in Alaska
1937 - Joe DiMaggio takes Ty Cobb's advice & replace his 40 with 36 oz bat
1937 - Spinach growers of Crystal City, Tx, erect statue of Popeye
1937 - William H Hastie becomes 1st black federal judge (Virgin Islands)
1938 - NBC radio performance of Howard Hanson's 3rd Symphony
Author Ernest HemingwayAuthor Ernest Hemingway 1940 - Ernest Hemingway & Benjamin Glazer premiere in NYC
1942 - 1st "Eichmann transport" to Auschwitz & Birkenau concentration camps
1942 - 1st 700 Jews from Polish Lvov-district reach concentration camp Belzec
1942 - Explosion of 20 tons of gelignite in a stone quarry at Easton, Pa, kills 21
1942 - German offensive in North Africa under General Erwin Rommel
1943 - 1st woman to receive air medal (US army nurse Elsie S Ott)
1943 - Battle of Komandorski Islands, Pacific Ocean
1943 - Elsie S Ott becomes 1st woman awarded US Air Force Medal
German WWII Field Marshal Erwin RommelGerman WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel 1944 - 705 British bombers attack Essen
1945 - British premier Winston Churchill looks over at the Rhine (near Ginsberg)
1945 - De Paul wins NIT basketball championship, George Mikan scores 34
1945 - Generals Eisenhower/Bradley/Patton attack at Remagen the Rhine
1945 - Japanese resistance ends on Iwo Jima
1945 - Kamikaze attack on US battle fleet near Kerama Retto
1945 - US 7th Army crosses Rhine at Worms
1945 - Venray soccer team forms
1949 - 11th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Kentucky beats Oklahoma State 46-36
1951 - Patty Berg wins LPGA Sandhills Women's Golf Open
US General George S. PattonUS General George S. Patton 1951 - USAF flag approved
1952 - 14th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Kansas beats St Johns 80-63
1952 - F Durrenmatt's "Die Ehe des Herrn Mississippi" premieres in Munich
1953 - Dr Jonas Salk announces vaccine to prevent polio
1954 - US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island
1955 - "Ballad of Davy Crockett" becomes the #1 record in US
1956 - Medic Alert Foundation forms
1956 - Red Buttons debuts on TV in Studio One
1958 - 30th Academy Awards-"Bridge on the River Kwai" best film, Woodward & Guinness best actress/actor
1958 - US Army launched America's third successful satellite, "Explorer III"
Medical Researcher and Virologist Jonas SalkMedical Researcher and Virologist Jonas Salk 1958 - The African Regroupment Party (PRA) is launched at a meeting in Paris.
1959 - Test debut for Mushtaq Mohammad v WI age 15 yrs 124 days

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 271

603 - Pacal II ruler of the Maya polity of Palenque
1479 - Vasili III, great prince of Moscow (1505-33)/son of Ivan III
1516 - Conrad Gessner, Swiss naturalist (d. 1565)
1554 - Charles of Lorraine, Duke of Mayenne, French military leader (d. 1611)
1577 - Elisabeth of Nassau, daughter of Willem I & Charlotte of Bourbon
1659 - William Wollaston, Coton England, philosopher
1671 - Giacomo Cesare Predieri, composer
1684 - Johann Graf, composer
1698 - Václav Prokop Diviš, Czech theologian and natural scientist (d. 1765)
1717 - Manuel Jeronimo Romero de Avila, composer
1749 - William Blount, American Statesman (d. 1800)
1753 - Benjamin Thompson, physicist (Royal Inst of Great Britain, Woburn MA)
1758 - Johann Daniel Ferstenberg, composer
1773 - Nathaniel Bowditch, mathematician/astronomer/author (Marine Sextant)
1783 - Johann Baptist Weigl, composer
1794 - Julius Schnorr von Carolsfeld, German painter (d. 1872)
1806 - Josef Slavik, composer
1813 - Thomas West Sherman, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1879
1817 - Herman Haupt, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1905
1819 - Francisco Eduardo da Costa, composer
1819 - Louise Otto, Germany, author/feminist
1821 - Earnest Angel, German statistician (Law of Angel)
1827 - Emanuel Kania, composer
1830 - Eliza Laurillard, Dutch vicar/poet/writer
1830 - John Rogers Thomas, composer
1833 - Betsy Perk, [Christina E], Dutch journalist/writer/feminist
1840 - Carli Zoeller, composer
1840 - George Smith, London England, assyriologist (cuneiform (script))
1850 - Edward Bellamy, author (Looking Backward)
1854 - Braulio Dueno Colon, composer
1856 - David Alfred Thomas, Glamorganshire UK, 1st Viscount Rhondda
1859 - A[lfred] E[dward] Housman, England, poet (Shropshire Lad)
1859 - Nikolay Alexandrovich Sokolov, composer
1859 - Adolf Hurwitz, German mathematician (d. 1919)
1862 - George William Louis Marshall-Hall, composer
1868 - Fuad I, king of Egypt (1922-36)
1871 - Prince Jonah Kūhiō Kalaniana'ole of the Kingdom of Hawaii (d. 1922)
1873 - [Louise] Sophie de Vries, actress (On Hope of Blessing)
1874 - Gerald du Maurier, London England, actor (Power, Escape, Masks & Faces)
1874 - Oskar Nedbal, composer
Poet Robert FrostPoet Robert Frost (1874) 1874 - Robert Frost, SF, poet (Mending Wall, Road Not Taken)
1875 - Syngman Rhee, P’yŏngsan Hwanghae Province, first President of South Korea (1948-60)
1876 - Prince William of Wied (d. 1945)
1879 - Othmar Ammann, Swiss bridge engineer (d. 1965)
1880 - Duncan Hines, US, restaurant guide writer (Out of Kentucky Kitchens)
1882 - Hermann Obrecht, Swiss jurist (d. 1940)
1884 - Wilhelm Backhaus, Leipzig Germany, pianist (Rubinstein 1905)
1885 - Julius Harrison, composer
1885 - Robert Blackburn, British aviation pioneer
1886 - Hugh Mulzac, America military officer (d. 1971)
First President of South Korea Syngman RheeFirst President of South Korea Syngman Rhee (1875) 1888 - Elsa Brändström, Swedish nurse (d. 1948)
1889 - Vaclav Kapral, composer
1890 - Jozef Arras, Flemish writer
1893 - Palmiro Togliatti, founder (Communist Party of Italy)
1894 - Will Wright, SF CA, actor (Living Christ Story)
1894 - Viorica Ursuleac, Romanian soprano (d. 1985)
1896 - Richard Flury, composer
1896 - Rudolf Dassler, Founder of PUMA AG (d. 1974)
1898 - Renzo Massarani, composer
1898 - Charles Shadwell, English conductor and bandleader (d. 1979)
1899 - James B Connant, chemist/college president (Yale)
1899 - William Baines, composer
1900 - Isadore Freed, composer
1902 - Leslie Melville, economist
1904 - Emilio Fernandez, El Seco Mexico, director (La Choca, Flor Silvestre)
1904 - Hermann Schroeder, composer
1904 - Joseph Campbell, mythologist (Mythic Image)
1904 - Xenophon Zolotas, Greek economist, Prime Minister of Greece (d. 2004)
1905 - Pablo Garrido, composer
1905 - Viktor Emil Frankl, pyschiatrist (Man's Search for Meaning)
1906 - Rafael Mendez, Mexican trumpetist (d. 1981)
1907 - Leigh Harline, composer
1907 - Louis Saguer, composer
1908 - Betty MacDonald, [Anne E Campbell Bard], US writer (Egg & I)
1908 - Hank Sylvern, Brooklyn New York, American orchestra leader (Jane Froman's USA Canteen)
1908 - Hilda Krahwinkel Sperling, Essen Germany, tennis star (French 1935)
1908 - Kenneth Mellanby, entomologist
1908 - Robert William Paine, architect
1909 - Chips Rafferty, Broken Hill Australia, actor (Desert Rats)
1909 - Chris[tiaan R] Reumer, Dutch opera singer
1911 - Bernard Katz, biophysicist
Playwright Tennessee WilliamsPlaywright Tennessee Williams (1911) 1911 - Tennessee Williams, Columbus Miss, playwright (Cat on a Hot Tin Roof)
1911 - T. Hee, American animator (d. 1988)
1913 - Paul Erdos, mathematician
1914 - Ian McGeoch, Vice-Admiral
1914 - William Westmoreland, Saxon SC, army general (Vietnam era)
1914 - Toru Kumon, Japanese educator (d. 1995)
1916 - Bill Edrich, cricketer (Middlesex & England bat, Compton's mate)
1916 - Christian B Anfinsen, US chemist (cell physiology, Nobel 1972)
1916 - Mort Abrahams, producer (Dr Doolittle, Planet Of Apes)
1916 - Sterling Hayden, NJ, actor (Dr Strangelove, Asphalt Jungle, Cobra)
1916 - Vic Schoen, Brooklyn New York, American orchestra leader (Patti Page Olds Show)
1917 - Jean Graham Hall, circuit court judge (England)
1917 - Rufus Thomas, Miss, singer (Walking the Dog)
Actor Strother MartinActor Strother Martin (1919) 1919 - Strother Martin, Kokomo Ind, actor (Cool Hand Luke, Slapshot)
1919 - Roger Leger, Quebec ice hockey player (d. 1965)
1920 - George E Brown Jr, (Rep-D-CA, 1963-71, 73- )
1920 - Sergio Livingstone, Santiago, Chile , football player and journalist (52 caps), (d. 2012)
1921 - George Jefferson, CEO (British Telecom)
1921 - Joe Loco, [Jose Esteves, Jr], musician

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 4 of 4

Playwright Tom StoppardPlaywright Tom Stoppard (1965) 1965 - Playwright Tom Stoppard (28) weds nurse Josie Ingle
1994 - Talk show hostess Ricki Lake weds Rob Sussman
1994 - Half-brother of former President Bill Clinton and rodeo clown Roger Clinton (37) weds Molly Martin (25) in Dallas
2011 - Oscar winning actress Reese Witherspoon (36) weds talent agent Jim Toth (34) at Libbey Ranch in Ojai, California

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 127

304 - Saint Emmanuel, Christian martyr killed under Diocletian
752 - Stephen II, Catholic Pope (3/22-26/752), dies
809 - Liudger, missionary/1st bishop of Munster/saint, dies at about 66
1130 - King Sigurd I of Norway (b. ca. 1090)
1212 - Sancho I, King of Portugal (1185-1212), dies at 58
1258 - Floris, the Guardian, count-regent of Holland, dies
1350 - Alfonso XI, King of Castile & Leon, dies
1517 - Heinrich Isaac, Flemish composer
1535 - Georg Tannstetter, Austrian scientist (b. 1482)
1546 - Thomas Elyot, British diplomat, dies
1566 - Antonio de Cabezon, composer, dies
1638 - Palamedes "Stevens" Palamedesz, painter, dies at about 30
1649 - John Winthrop, Puritan & 1st Governor (Mass), dies
1657 - Jacob van Eyck, Dutch blind flautist/carillonneur, dies at 69
1679 - Johannes Schefferus, Alsatian-born humanist (b. 1621)
1697 - Godfrey McCulloch, Scottish politician and murderer (executed) (b. 1640)
1713 - Pal Esterhazy, composer, dies at 77
1726 - John Vanbrugh, Dutch/English playwright (Provoked Wife), dies at 62
1736 - Georg Balthasar Schott, composer, dies at 49
1772 - Charles Pinot Duclos, French writer (b. 1704)
1776 - Samuel Ward, American politician (b. 1725)
1780 - Charles I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (b. 1713)
1793 - John Mudge, English physician (b. 1721)
Geologist James HuttonGeologist James Hutton (1797) 1797 - James Hutton, geologist, dies
1809 - Gabriele Mario Piozzi, composer, dies at 68
1814 - Joseph-Ignace Guillotin, namesake of the guillotine (b. 1738)
1820 - Jean-Etienne Despreaux, composer, dies at 71
1827 - Ludwig van Beethoven, German composer (Appassionata), dies at 56
1831 - Richard Allen, AME Church Bishop, dies at 71
1837 - Joseph Lincke, composer, dies at 53
1858 - John Addison Thomas, American soldier (b. 1811)
1865 - Thomas Hancock, pioneer of rubber industry (Stoke Newington), dies
1880 - Mariano Soriano Fuertes y Piqueras, composer, dies at 62
Composer Ludwig van BeethovenComposer Ludwig van Beethoven (1827) 1881 - Roman Sanguszko, Polish aristocrat (b. 1800)
1888 - Barghash bin Said, second Sultan of Zanzibar (b. 1837)
1892 - Anton Wallerstein, composer, dies at 78
1892 - Walt Whitman, poet, dies in Camden, NJ at 72
1896 - Nanny v Hof, writer, dies
1900 - Isaac Mayer Wise, rabbi/found American Hebrew Congregations, dies at 80
1902 - Cecil Rhodes, Prime Minister of Cape Colony (1890-96) dies at 48
1905 - Maurice Barrymore, actor; patriarch of the Barrymore family (b. 1849)
1909 - Nikolai Arkas, composer, dies at 56
1910 - Auguste Charlois, French astronomer (b. 1864)
1910 - An Jung-geun, Korean assassin of Ito Hirobumi (executed) (b. 1879)
1918 - Caesar A Cui, Lithuanian fort builder/composer, dies at 83
1920 - William Chester Minor, American surgeon and contributor to the Oxford English Dictionary (b. 1834)
1923 - Sarah Bernhardt, [Henriette], actress (Queen Elizabeth), dies at 77
1924 - Augusto de Oliviera Machado, composer, dies at 78
1926 - Georges Vezina, NHL Hall of Fame goalie (Canadiens), dies
1926 - Konstantin Fehrenbach, German reichs chancellor (1920-21), dies at 74
1929 - Katharine Lee Bates, American poet (b. 1859)
1932 - Jean Cartan, composer, dies at 25
1933 - Eddie Lang, American musician (b. 1902)
1934 - Grete Gulbransson, writer, dies at 51
1937 - Albert Relf, cricketer (13 Tests for England 1903-14), commits suicide
1940 - Spiridon Louis, Greek runner, winner of the first modern Olympics marathon (b. 1873)
1942 - Jimmy Burke, American baseball player (b. 1874)
1945 - David Lloyd George, British (L) premier (1916-22), dies at 82
1945 - Isaack Stouten, resistance fighter, shot to death at 29
1948 - Helen Ernst, German poster artist/resistance fighter, dies at about 43
1951 - James F. Hinkle, American politician, sixth Governor of New Mexico (d. 1864)
1953 - Albert Spalding, composer, dies at 64
1956 - Thomas Alexandrovich de Hartmann, composer, dies at 70
1957 - Édouard Herriot, French politician (b. 1872)
1958 - Phil Mead, cricketer (55061 1st-class runs 1905-36), dies
1959 - Raymond T Chandler, US detective writer (Long Goodbye), dies at 71
1960 - Ian Keith, actor (Identity Unknown, Queen Christina), dies at 61
1962 - Marjorie Colton, inventor of wax paper, dies at 64
1962 - Augusta Savage, African-American sculptor and equal rights advocate dies aged 72
1969 - B[runo] Traven, writer (Sierra Madre), dies at 87
1969 - Gunther Weisenborn, German/Argentine writer (Illegals), dies at 66
1970 - Fritz Ascher, German Expressionist artist
1973 - George Sisler, hall of famer 1st baseman (257 hits-1920), dies at 80
1973 - Noel Coward, English playwright (Private Letters), dies at 73
1973 - Safford Cape, US/Belgian conductor/composer/musicologist, dies at 67
1973 - Johnny Drake, American football player (b. 1916)
1973 - Don Messer, Canadian fiddler (b. 1909)
1976 - Richard Arlen, actor (Apache Uprising, Wings), dies at 75
1976 - Josef Albers, German artist (b. 1888)
1976 - Lin Yutang, Chinese writer (b. 1895)
1979 - Jean Stafford, US author (Boston Adventure), dies at 63
1980 - Jon-Jon Poulos, rocker (Buckinghams), dies from drugs at 32
1981 - Cyril Dean Darlington, biologist (hereditary mechanisms), dies at 77
1981 - Tim Wall, cricketer (SA v NSW 1933 is Sheffield Shield record), dies
1982 - Agathe "Henriette" de Beaufort, writer (Dolly of Arnhem), dies at 91
1983 - Anthony F Blunt, British art historian/spy for USSR, dies at 75
1984 - Ahmed Sékou Touré, President of Guinea (b. 1922)
1986 - Bartlett Robinson, actor (Wendy & Me, Mona McCluskey), dies at 73
1987 - Walter Abel, actor (Suspicion), dies at 88
1987 - Eugen Jochum, German conductor (b. 1902)
1990 - International Chrysis, Transvestite actor (Q&A), dies of cancer at 38
1990 - Roy "Halston" Frowick, fashion designer, dies of AIDs at 68
1991 - Frans Dohmen, union leader (Neth Catholic Mine Workers), dies at 81
1992 - Barbara Frum, Canadian journalist (b. 1937)
1993 - Luis Falco, US choreographer (Fame, Angel Heart), dies at 50
1993 - Roy Riegels, University of California football player who ran wrong way, dies at 84
1994 - Constantine Koukouchkine, Russ diplomat. murdered in Algeria at 41
1994 - Jan Bor, Dutch violinist/painter, dies at 83
1995 - Rapper-E (Eazy Eric Wright), dies at 31
1996 - (Elizabeth Cissie) Charlton, football matriarch, dies at 83

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