This Day in History for 3rd March

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 254

78 - Origin of Saka Era (India)
468 - St Simplicius elected to succeed Catholic Pope Hilarius
493 - Ostrogoten King Theodorik the Great beats Odoaker
1284 - Statute of Rhuddlan incorporated the Principality of Wales into England
1409 - Austrian civil war ends
1431 - Bishop Gabriele Condulmer elected as Pope Eugene IV
1575 - Indian Mughal Emperor Akbar defeats Bengali army at the Battle of Tukaroi.
1585 - The Olympic Theatre, designed by Andrea Palladio, is inaugurated in Vicenza.
1627 - Piet Heyn conquerors 22 ships in Bay of Salvador Brazil
1634 - 1st tavern in Boston opens (Samuel Cole)
1638 - Duke Bernard van Saksen-Weimar occupies Rheinfelden
1746 - Bonnie Prince Charlie occupies Inverness Castle
Mughal Emperor AkbarMughal Emperor Akbar 1776 - US commodore Esek Hopkins occupies Nassau Bahamas
1791 - 1st US internal revenue act (taxing distilled spirits & carriages)
1791 - Congress establishes US Mint
1794 - 1st performance of Joseph Haydn's 101st Symphony in D
1794 - Richard Allen founded AME Church
1801 - 1st US Jewish governor, David Emanuel, takes office in Georgia
1803 - 1st impeachment trial of a federal judge, John Pickering, begins
1803 - Colégio Militar is founded in Portugal by Colonel Teixeira Rebello.
1805 - Louisiana-Missouri Territory forms
1812 - US passes 1st foreign aid bill (aids Venezuela earthquake vicitims)
1813 - Office of Surgeon General of the US Army forms
1815 - US declares war on Algiers for taking US prisoners & demanding tribute
1817 - Mississippi Territory is divided into Alabama Territory & Mississippi
1820 - Missouri Compromise passes, allowing Missouri to join the United States despite slavery still being legal there.
1835 - Congress authorizes a US mint at New Orleans Louisiana
1837 - Congress increases Supreme Court membership from 7 to 9
US President & General Andrew JacksonUS President & General Andrew Jackson 1837 - US President Andrew Jackson & Congress recognizes Republic of Texas
1838 - Rebellion at Pelee Island, Ontario, Canada
1842 - 1st US child labor law regulating working hours passed (Mass)
1842 - 1st performance of Felix Mendelssohn's 3rd "Scottish" Symphony
1843 - Congress appropriates $30,000 "to test the practicability of establishing a system of electro-magnetic telegraphs" by the US
1845 - 1st time, US Senate overrides presidential (Tyler) veto
1845 - Congress authorizes ocean mail contracts for foreign mail delivery
1845 - Florida becomes 27th state of the Union
1847 - Post Office Department authorized to issue postage stamps
1849 - Gold Coinage Act authorizes $20 Double Eagle gold coin
1849 - Territory of Minnesota organizes
1849 - US Home Department (later renamed the Department of the Interior) established by Congress
1851 - Congress authorizes smallest US silver coin (3 cent piece)
1853 - Transcontinental railroad survey is authorized by Congress
1853 - US Assay Office in NYC authorized
1855 - US Congress approves $30,000 to test camels for military use
1855 - US Congress authorizes registered mail
1857 - Second Opium War: France and the United Kingdom declare war on China.
1861 - Alexander II of Russia signs the Emancipation Manifesto, freeing serfs [OS=Feb 19].
1862 - Union forces under General Pope lay siege to New Madrid, Missouri (US Civil War)
1863 - US Congress authorizes track width of 4'8½" for Union Pacific Railroad
1863 - 1st US wartime military conscription bill enacted
US President Abraham LincolnUS President Abraham Lincoln 1863 - Abraham Lincoln approves charter for National Academy of Sciences
1863 - Congress authorizes a US mint at Carson City, Nevada
1863 - Federal ironclad ships bombard Fort McAllister, Georgia
1863 - Free city delivery replaces zone postage; 449 letter carriers hired
1863 - Gold certificates (currency) authorized by Congress
1863 - Idaho Territory forms
1865 - US Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, & Abandoned Lands established by Abraham Lincoln to help destitute free blacks
1865 - Opening of the Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation, the founding member of the HSBC Group.
1869 - University of South Carolina opens to all races
1871 - US Congress changes Indian tribes status from independent to dependent
1871 - US Congress establishes the civil service system
1873 - US Congress authorizes federal departmental postage stamps
1873 - US Congress & government raise own salary, retroactively
1873 - Censorship: The U.S. Congress enacts the Comstock Law, making it illegal to send any "obscene, lewd, or lascivious" books through the mail.
1875 - 1st recorded hockey game (Montreal)
1875 - Congress authorizes 20 cent coin, lasts only 3 years
Composer Georges BizetComposer Georges Bizet 1875 - Georges Bizet's opera "Carmen" premieres (Paris)
1877 - Rutherford B Hayes is sworn in as the 19th US president
1878 - Bulgaria liberated from Turkey (Peace of San Stefano)
1879 - 1st female lawyer heard by US Supreme Court (Belva Ann Bennett Lockwood)
1879 - US Geological Survey director authorized in Dept of the Interior
1882 - NY Steam Corp begins distributing steam to Manhattan buildings
1883 - Congress authorizes the 1st steel vessels in US navy
1885 - 1st US state (California) establishes a permanent forest commission
1885 - American Telephone & Telegraph (AT&T) incorporates
1885 - Congress passes Indian Appropriations Act (Indians wards of fed government)
1885 - US Post Office offers special delivery for 1st-class mail
1887 - American Protective Association forms (anti-Catholic) in Clinton Iowa
Author Helen KellerAuthor Helen Keller 1887 - Anne Sullivan begins teaching 6 year old blind-deaf Helen Keller
1891 - Congress creates US Courts of Appeal
1891 - Congress creates Office of Superintendent of Immigration (Treasury Dept)
1891 - The Penalty Spot Kick rule in Association Football is conceived, but does not come into effect until the next season.
1892 - 1st cattle tuberculosis test in US made, Villa Nova, Penn
1893 - Columbian Isabella silver quarter authorized
1893 - Congress authorizes 1st federal road agency, in Dept of Agriculture
1894 - 1st Greek-language publication in US begins, "NY Atlantis"
1894 - 4th & last British government of Gladstone resigns
1899 - Congress authorizes Lafayette silver dollar
1899 - George Dewey becomes 1st in US to hold the rank of Admiral of the Navy
1900 - US Steel Corporation organizes
1901 - Congress creates National Bureau of Standards, in Dept of Commerce
1903 - North Carolina becomes 1st state requiring registration of nurses
1904 - Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany becomes the first person to make a sound recording of a political document, using Thomas Edison's cylinder.
1905 - US Forest Service forms
Tsar Nicholas IITsar Nicholas II 1905 - Tsar Nicholas II of Russia agrees to summon a 'consultative assembly' and concedes other points including an edict of religious toleration, relief for Jews, and the cancellation of certain debts
1906 - Vuia I aircraft built by Romanian Traja Vuia tested in France
1909 - Stanley Cup: Ottawa Senators beat Montreal Wanderers, 8-3
1910 - Rockefeller Foundation: John D. Rockefeller Jr. announces his retirement from managing his businesses so that he can be devoted full time to being a philanthropist
1911 - 1st US federal cemetery with Union & Confederate graves opens, Missouri
Financier and Philanthropist John D. Rockefeller JrFinancier and Philanthropist John D. Rockefeller Jr 1913 - Ida B Wells-Barnett demonstrates for female suffrage in Washington DC

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 248

1455 - King John II of Portugal (d. 1495)
1500 - Reginald Pole, English Cardinal/"heretic"
1520 - Matthias Flacius, Croatian Protestant reformer (d. 1575)
1583 - Edward Herbert of Cherbury, English military/philosopher
1589 - Gisbertus Voetius, [Gijsbert Voet], Dutch reformed theologist
1606 - Edmund Waller, England, poet (Penshust)
1652 - Thomas Otway, England, playwright/poet (Venice Preserved)
1678 - Madeleine de Verchères, French Canadian heroine (d. 1747)
1705 - Michael Schevenstuhl, composer
1747 - Kasamir Pulaski, US general (Revolutionary War)
1756 - William Godwin, philosopher/political writer (Caleb Williams)
1778 - Frederica of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Queen of Hanover (d. 1841)
1793 - Ch Sealsfield, writer
1793 - William Charles Macready, English actor (d. 1873)
1800 - Heinrich Georg Bronn, German geologist (d. 1862)
1805 - Jonas Furrer, first President of the Swiss Confederation (d. 1861)
1811 - Vissarion Belinsky, Sveaborg Finland, Russian author (Literary Review)
1814 - Charles Kensington Salaman, composer
1823 - Guyla Andressy Sr, premier of Hungary (1867-71)
1831 - George M Pullman, inventor (railway sleeping car)
1838 - George William Hill, US astronomer (calculated Moon's orbit)
1839 - Jamsetji Tata, Indian industrialist (d. 1904)
1841 - John Murray, Canada oceanographer (Depths of the Ocean)
1845 - Georg Cantor, German mathematician (discover transfinite numbers)
1846 - Desiderio FA Pietri, Italian baker/marathon runner Dorando's father
Inventor Alexander Graham BellInventor Alexander Graham Bell (1847) 1847 - Alexander Graham Bell, Edinburgh Scotland, inventor (telephone)
1848 - Adelaide Neilson, English Actress (d. 1880)
1849 - Jacques Oppenheim, Dutch lawyer
1851 - Alexandros Papadiamantis, Greek author (d. 1911)
1857 - Alfred Bruneau, composer
1860 - John Montgomery Ward, American baseball player (d. 1925)
1863 - Arthur Machen, Welsh-born author (d. 1947)
1865 - Alexander Gustav Adolfovich Winkler, composer
1866 - Fred A. Busse, Mayor of Chicago (d. 1914)
1867 - Gustav Strube, composer
1868 - Alain, [Emile-Auguste Chartier], French philosopher/writer
1869 - Henry J Wood, English conductor (Gentle Art of Singing, Proms)
1871 - Maurice Garin, French cyclist (d. 1957)
1872 - Wee Willie Keeler, outfielder (Baltimore Orioles); hit .432 in 1897
1873 - William Green, president of American Federation of Labor (1924-52)
1877 - Garrett Morgan, African-American inventor
1880 - Anne C Veth, Dutch cartoonist/art critic
1880 - Florence Auer, American actress (d. 1962)
1882 - Floris H L Prims, Flemish priest/historian/archivist of Antwerp
1883 - Cyril Burt, educational psychologist (d. 1971)
1886 - James Friskin, composer
1886 - Reginald Owen Morris, composer
1886 - Tore Ørjasæter, Norwegian poet (d. 1968)
1889 - Fritz Behrend, composer
1890 - Norman Bethune, Canada, Doctor in Spain & China
1891 - Federico Moreno Torroba, composer
1891 - Jan Donner, Dutch minister of Justice/president High Council
1892 - Edmund Lowe, actor (Black Sheep, Good Sam, Dillinger, Hot Pepper)
1892 - Rui Coelho, composer
1893 - Beatrice Wood, potter/artist/author
1893 - Bill Nestell, CA, actor (Dangerous Venture, Buckskin Frontier)
1895 - Alexander Nicolaas Voormolen, Dutch composer (d. 1980)
1895 - Juanita Hansen, Iowa, actress (Fast Company, Broadway Love)
1895 - Matthew B Ridgway, US gen (WW II/China/Nicaragua/Korea/NATO)
1895 - Ragnar Frisch, Oslo, Norwegian economist (1st winner of the Nobel prize in economics-1969)
1895 - Robert Gordon, Ks, actor (Loveless)
1897 - Jose Moreno Gans, composer
1899 - Alfred M Gruenther, US, commanding general (NATO, 1953-56)
1899 - Juri Olescha, writer
1900 - Edna Best, Hove England, actress (Key, Calendar, Escape, Intermezzo)
1902 - Ruby Dandridge, Memphis Tenn, actress (Father of the Bride)
1903 - Gilbert Adrian, [Greenberg], Naugatuck CT, costume designer
1903 - Rabbe A Enckell, Fins author/poet (Lutad about Brunnen)
1906 - Artur Lundkvist, Swedish writer/Swedish Academy (Agadir)
1906 - Donald Novis, Hastings England, actor (Monte Carlo)
1906 - Krishnarao Shiva Shelvankar, journalist/diplomat
1907 - Aar van de Werfhorst, [Pieter G Jansen], Dutch writer
1907 - Canada Lee, NYC, actor (Lost Boundaries)
1907 - Joy Finzi, [Joyce A Black], British painter
1908 - Riccardo Nielsen, composer
1909 - Jay Morris Arena, inventor/pediatrician
1909 - Kenton Kilmer, poet/translator
1910 - Kittens Reichert, American silent screen child actor (d. 1990)
1911 - Francesco Siciliani, opera composer
1911 - Jean Harlow, [Harlean Carpentier], KS, 30s' sex goddess (Dinner at 8)
1911 - Hugues Lapointe, Canadian politician and Lieutenant governor of Quebec (d. 1982)
1912 - Joe Stydahar, NFL tackle (Chicago Bears)
1913 - Margaret AR Bonds, US pianist/composer/arranger
1913 - Roger Caillois, French writer (Les Jeux et les Hommes)
1914 - Martin Ritt, actor/director (Slugger's Wife, End of the Game)
1915 - George Brian Snape, businessman/rugby league entrepreneur
1917 - Bert van Aerschot, Flemish writer (Elevator, Women)
1917 - Sameera Moussa, Egyptian nuclear scientist (d. 1952)
1918 - Arnold Newman, photographer (Faces USA)
1918 - Arthur Kornberg, US biochemist (Nobel 1959)
1918 - Frank Wigglesworth, composer
1918 - Fritz Thiedemann, German equestrian (d. 2000)
1920 - James Doohan, Vancouver BC, actor (Montgomery Scott-Star Trek)
1920 - Julius Boros, golfer (PGA Champ 1968, US Open 1952, 63)
1921 - Diana Barrymore, NYC, actress (Nightmare, Lady Courageous, Fired Wife)
1922 - Kazimierz Serocki, composer
1922 - Nándor Hidegkuti, Hungarian footballer (d. 2002)
1923 - Doc Watson, American bluegrass musician, (d. 2012)
1923 - Barney Martin, American actor (d. 2005)
1924 - Ali Faik Zaghloul, Egyptian radio presenter

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 4 of 4

2004 - University of Miami star defensive tackle & probable NFL draft pick Vince Wilfork (22) weds Bianca Farinas at Little White Chapel in Las Vegas
2006 - "Gata Salvaje" telenovela actress Carolina Tejera (29) weds Costa Rican businessman Don Stockwell at the Hotel Marriott in San Jose, Costa Rica
Actress Elizabeth HurleyActress Elizabeth Hurley (2007) 2007 - Model and actress Elizabeth Hurley (41) weds Indian textile heir Arun Nayar (42) at Sudeley Castle in Gloucestershire, England
2007 - Countess of Frederiksborg Alexandra Christina (42) weds Martin Jorgensen at Oster Egende Church in Fakse City

Famous Divorces

Divorces 1 - 2 of 2

Duchess of Cornwall Camilla Parker BowlesDuchess of Cornwall Camilla Parker Bowles (1995) 1995 - Camilla Parker Bowles & her husband Andrew divorce
2008 - Actor Michael Biehn (52) divorces film producer Gina Marsh after 20 years of marriage

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 111

561 - Pelagius I, Italian Pope (547-51, 556-61), dies
1239 - Vladimir III Rurikovich, Grand Prince of Kiev (b. 1187)
1459 - Ausias March, Catalan poet, dies
1554 - Johann Friedrich, the Generous, Elector of Saxony (1532-47) and Head of the Protestant Confederation of Germany (the Schmalkaldic League), dies at 50
1580 - Jacob Hillebrand, Dutch mayor of Groningen, dies
1635 - Philips de l'Espinoy, historian/mayor of Ghent, dies
Scientist Robert HookeScientist Robert Hooke (1703) 1703 - Robert Hooke, scientific genius, dies in London aged 67
1707 - Aurangzeb, Emperor of India (1658-1707), dies at 88
1717 - Pierre Allix, French/British theologist/vicar, dies at about 75
1744 - Jean Barbeyrac, French jurist
1765 - William Stukeley, English archaeologist (b. 1687)
1766 - Gregor Joseph Werner, composer, dies at 73
1768 - Nicola Antonio Porpora, composer, dies at 81
1792 - Robert Adam, Scottish architect (Syon House, Middlesex), dies at 63
1800 - Johann Baptist Christoph Toeschi, composer, dies at 64
1822 - Franz Adam Veichtner, composer, dies at 81
1824 - Giovanni Battista Viotti, Italian violist/composer, dies at 70
1848 - Heinrich Olivier, German painter, dies
1850 - Oliver Cowdery, American religious leader (b. 1806)
1858 - Jozsef Bajza, Hungarian author/poet/critic, dies at 54
1864 - Ulric Dahlgren, Union colonel, dies in battle at 21
1889 - Edward Sydney Smith, composer, dies at 49
1894 - Ned Williamson, American baseball player (b. 1857)
1899 - William P. Sprague, American politician from Ohio (b. 1827)
1902 - Isaac D France van de Putte, Dutch premier (1866), dies at 79
1920 - Theodor Philipsen, Danish painter (b. 1840)
1921 - Petrus Cuypers, architect (Amsterdam museum), dies at 93
1926 - Cyril Metodej Hrazdira, composer, dies at 58
1927 - Mikhail Artsybashev, Russian writer (b. 1878)
1927 - J.G. Parry-Thomas, Welsh motor-racing driver (b. 1884)
1928 - Jan [Jean] T Toorop, Dutch graphic artist (3 Brides), dies at 69
1932 - Eugene Francis Charles D'albert, composer, dies at 67
1934 - Norman Houstoun O'Neill, composer, dies at 58
1935 - Neville Knox, cricketer (bowled in 2 Tests for England 1907), dies
1941 - Constant W L Scheurleer, archaeologist/banker/art expert, dies at 59
1941 - Ernst Cahn, owner of Amsterdam Koco ice cream parlor, executed
1942 - Amedeo, Duke of Aosta, viceroy (Ethiopia), dies at 43
1943 - George Thomson, cricketer (all-rounder-6 Tests for Eng 1909-10), dies
1945 - Arthur Vanderpoorten, Flemish Internal minister (1940), dies at 61
1945 - Koos Speenhoff, Dutch singer, killed in bombing raid at 75
1948 - Antonin Artaud, writer, dies at 51
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion James J. JeffriesBoxer and World Heavyweight Champion James J. Jeffries (1953) 1953 - James J. Jeffries, American heavyweight boxer, dies at 77
1956 - Willem H Keesom, Dutch physicist (Helium I/II), dies at 79
1959 - Lou Costello, comedian/actor (Abbott & Costello), dies at 52
1960 - Sammy White, actor (711 Ocean Drive, Sound Off), dies at 65
1961 - Paul Wittgenstein, Austrian-born pianist (b. 1887)
1965 - Carlo Gatti, composer, dies at 88
1966 - Alice Pearce, comedienne (Gladys Kravitz-Bewitched), dies at 52
1966 - William Frawley, American actor (Fred Mertz-I Love Lucy), dies of a heart attack at 89
1967 - Georges Lonque, composer, dies at 66
Comedian and Actor Lou CostelloComedian and Actor Lou Costello (1959) 1974 - Barbara Ruick, actress (Carousel, Fearless Fagan), dies at 43
1974 - Frank Wilcox, actor (John-Beverly Hillbillies), dies at 66
1976 - Alfred Sendrey, composer, dies at 92
1977 - Percy Marmont, actor (Secret Agent, Lisbon), dies at 93
1982 - Georges Perec, French writer, dies at 45
1983 - Hergé, Belgian comics creator (b. 1907)
1985 - Sarah Blanding, 1st US fem college head (Vassar 1946-64), dies at 86
1987 - Danny Kaye, comedian (Danny Kaye Show), dies at 74
1988 - Lois Wilson, actress (Crash, Deluge, Bright Eyes), dies
1988 - Sewall Wright, US geneticist (evolution model), dies at 98
1990 - Frans Goedhart, Dutch journalist/founder (Parool), dies at 86
1990 - Gérard Blitz, Belgian waterpoloist and entrepreneur (b. 1912)
1991 - Arthur Murray, dance instructor, dies at 95 of pneumonia
1991 - Clara Eggink, [Ebbele], Dutch poet (Life with J C Bloem), dies at 84
1992 - Robert Beatty, actor (Odd Man Out), dies at 82
1992 - Sandy Dennis, actress (Up the Down Staircase), dies of cancer at 54
1992 - Ted Liss, actor (Child's Play), dies of heart attack at 72
1993 - Albert Sabin, physician (oral polio vaccine), dies at 86
1993 - Carlos Montoya, flamenco guitarist, dies at 89
1993 - Cyril Collard, French composer/dir/actor (A Nos Amours), dies at 35
1993 - Carlos Marcello, Tunisian-born gangster (b. 1910)
1994 - Anita Morris, actress (Nine), dies of cancer at 50
1994 - Bob Crisp, cricketer (9 Tests for South Africa, 20 wickets at 37 35), dies
1994 - Karel Kryl, folk singer, dies at 49
1995 - Gilbert Gadoffre, French scholar, dies at 84
1995 - Howard Hunter, US leader of Mormon Church (1994-95), dies at 87
1995 - Howard Yanks, founder of the Philadelphia folk festival, dies at 65
1995 - Pierre Tisseyre, publisher (Circle du livre de France), dies at 85
1995 - Shiv Verma, soldier, dies at 85
1996 - David Bowman, trade unionist, dies at 82
1996 - John Joseph Krol, cardinal, dies at 95
1996 - Leo Malet, French crime novelist, dies at 86
1996 - Ludwig Freiherr von Hammerstein-Equord, journalist, dies at 76
1996 - Lyle Talbot, [Henderson], actor (Plan 9 From Outer Space), dies at 76
1996 - Marguerite Duras, writer, dies at 81
1996 - Meyer Schapiro, art historian, dies at 91
1997 - Stanislav Shatalin, Russian economist (500 Days), dies
1998 - Fred Friendly, American broadcast executive (b. 1915)
1999 - Gerhard Herzberg, German-born chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1904)
2000 - Toni Ortelli, Italian composer and alpinist (b. 1904)
2001 - Louis Edmonds, American actor (b. 1923)
2002 - Harlan Howard, American musician (b. 1927)
2003 - Horst Buchholz, German actor (b. 1933)
2003 - Luis Marden, American photojournalist (b. 1913)
2003 - Goffredo Petrassi, Italian composer (b. 1904)
2003 - Peter Smithson, English architect (b. 1923)
2004 - Cecily Adams, American actress and casting director (b. 1958)
2005 - Max M. Fisher, American philanthropist (b. 1928)
2006 - Ivor Cutler, Scottish poet (b. 1923)
2006 - William Herskovic, Holocaust hero and philanthropist (b. 1914)

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