This Day in History for 7th March

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 176

161 - Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius dies and is succeeded by co-Emperors Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus, an unprecedented political arrangement in the Roman Empire.
321 - Roman Emperor Constantine I decrees that the dies Solis Invicti (sun-day) is the day of rest in the Empire.
1138 - Conrad II von Hohenstaufen re-elected German king
1277 - Condemnation of 219 philosophical and theological theses by Stephen Tempier, Bishop of Paris.
1530 - King Henry VIII's divorce request is denied by the Pope. Henry then declares that he, not the Pope, is supreme head of England's church
1560 - Christian fleet under Gian Andrea lands at Djerba, N Africa
1573 - Turkey & Venice sign peace treaty
1621 - John Pieterszoon Coen's troops land on Lontor, East Indies
1633 - Prince Frederik Henry appoints himself viceroy of Limburg
1644 - Massachusetts establishes 1st two-chamber legislature in colonies
King of England Henry VIIIKing of England Henry VIII 1696 - English King William III departs Netherlands
1774 - British close port of Boston to all commerce
1778 - Capt James Cook 1st sights Oregon coast, at Yaquina Bay
1785 - James Hutton, geologist, presents his full theory of uniformitarianism at a meeting of the Royal Society of Edinburgh
1798 - The French army enters Rome: the birth of the Roman Republic.
1799 - The Royal Institution of Great Britain founded; dedicated to scientific research and education.
1801 - Massachusetts enacts 1st state voter registration law
1808 - Portugal's regent Dom Juan IV arrives in Rio De Janeiro
1814 - Napoleon I of France wins the Battle of Craonne.
1824 - Meyerbeers opera "Il Crociati in Egitto" premieres in Venice
French Emperor Napoleon BonaparteFrench Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte 1827 - Shrigley Abduction: Ellen Turner, a wealthy heiress in Cheshire, England is abducted by Edward Gibbon Wakefield, a future politician in colonial New Zealand.
1835 - HMS Beagle returns from Concepcion to Valparaiso
1843 - 1st Catholic governor in US, Edward Kavanagh of Maine, takes office
1847 - US General Scott occupies Vera Cruz Mexico
1848 - In Hawaii, Great Mahele (division of lands) signed
1850 - Daniel Webster endorses Compromise of 1850
1851 - Poll tax levied on Russo-Polish Jews entering Austrian Galicia ends
1852 - Dutch telegraph traffic regulated by law
1854 - Charles Miller patents 1st US sewing machine to stitch buttonholes
American Statesman Daniel WebsterAmerican Statesman Daniel Webster 1857 - Baseball decides 9 innings constitutes an official game, not 9 runs
1862 - Battle of Elkhorn Tavern, Day 2, Gens McCulloch & McIntosh killed
1865 - -10] Battles round Kinston NC
1870 - Cin Red Stockings, 1st pro BB team, begin 8-mo tour of Midwest & East
1872 - -8°F (-22°C ) in Boston, MA
1876 - Alexander Graham Bell patents telephone
1876 - Battle at Gura: Ethiopian emperor Yohannes beats Egyptians
1887 - North Carolina State University is founded by the North Carolina General Assembly.
1896 - Gilbert & Sullivan's last operette "Grand Duke" premieres in London
Inventor Alexander Graham BellInventor Alexander Graham Bell 1900 - Battle at Poplar Grove South Africa, Pres Kruger flees
1900 - Stanley Cup: Montreal Shamrocks sweep Halifax Crescents in 2 games
1902 - Boers beat British troop in Tweebosch Transvaal
1906 - Finnish Senate accepts universal suffrage, except for poor
1908 - Cincinnati Mayor Mark Breith stood before city council & announces that, "women are not physically fit to operate automobiles"
1911 - US sent 20,000 troops to Mexican border
1911 - Willis Farnsworth, Petaluma, CA, patents coin-operated locker
1912 - Roald Amundsen announces discovery of the South Pole
1914 - Prince Wilhelm von Wied becomes King of Albania
1917 - 1st jazz record record released on a 78 by Original Dixieland Jass Band for the Victor Talking Machine Company ("Dixie Jazz Band One Step," one side "Livery Stable Blues" other)
1917 - Russian February Revolution breaks out [OS=Feb 24] with strike at Putilov factory in Petrograd
1918 - H Carroll & J McCarthy's musical "Oh, Look!" premieres in NYC
1918 - Pres Wilson authorizes US Army's Distinguished Service Medal
1918 - World War I: Finland forms an alliance with Germany.
Russian Revolutionary Leon TrotskyRussian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky 1921 - Red Army under Trotsky attack sailors of Kronstadt
1922 - US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Theresa Weld Blanchard
1922 - US Mens Figure Skating championship won by Sherwin Badger
1925 - American Negro Congress organizes
1926 - 1st transatlantic telephone call (London-NY)
1927 - Earthquake measuring 8 on Richter scale strikes Tango, Japan
1930 - Georgetown High of Chicago defeats Homer 1-0 in basketball
1932 - Riots at Ford-factory Dearborn Michigan, kills 4
1933 - Game of "Monopoly" invented
1935 - Saar incorporated into Germany
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf HitlerDictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler 1936 - Hitler breaks Treaty of Versailles, sends troops to Rhineland
1937 - Bucharin, Jagoda & Rykov pushed out of CPSU in USSR
1939 - Glamour magazine begins publishing
1939 - Guy Lombardo & Royal Canadians 1st record "Auld Lang Syne"
1940 - Mont Canadiens lose record tying NHL 15th straight game at home
1940 - Ray Steele beats B Nagurski in St Louis, to become wrestling champ
1941 - 3rd largest snowfall in NYC history (18.1")
1941 - 50,000 British soldiers land in Greece
1941 - British troops invade Abyssinia (Ethiopia)
1942 - 15 Mk-VB Spitfires reach Malta
Hall of Fame American Football Player Bronko NagurskiHall of Fame American Football Player Bronko Nagurski 1942 - 1st cadets graduated from flying school at Tuskegee
1943 - Major General George Patton arrives in Djebel Kouif Tunisia
1944 - Japans begins offensive in Burma
1945 - Attack on car of Netherlands SS Police Chief Hans Rauter by Dutch resistance, Rauter injured
1945 - Cologne taken by allied armies
1945 - US 9th Armoured Division attacks Remagen Germany, crosses Rhine
1945 - Yugoslavia government of Tito forms
1946 - "Three to Make Ready" opens at Adelphi Theater NYC for 323 perfs
1946 - Max Frisch' "Santa Cruz" premieres in Zurich
1946 - 18th Academy Awards - "The Lost Weekend" Ray Milland & Joan Crawford win
US General George S. PattonUS General George S. Patton 1947 - The Kuomintang and Communist Party of China resume full-fledged Civil War.
1948 - The Dodecanese islands officially become part of Greece again, ending the Italian rule.
1950 - Ice Pairs Championship at London won by K Kennedy & P Kennedy (USA)
1950 - Ladies Figure Skating Championship in London won by Alena Vrzanova CZE
1950 - Men Figure Skating Championship in London won by Richard Button (USA)
1951 - Ezzard Charles beats Jersey Joe Walcott in 15 for hw boxing title
1951 - Lillian Hellman's "Autumn Garden" premieres in NYC
1953 - Jackie McGlew scores 255* v NZ at Wellington
1954 - Babe Didrikson-Zaharias wins LPGA Sarasota Golf Open
1954 - Russia wins title in their 1st international ice hockey competition
1955 - 7th Emmy Awards: Make Room for Daddy, Danny Thomas & Loretta Young win
1955 - Baseball Commish Ford Frick says he favors legalization of spitter
Actress Mary MartinActress Mary Martin 1955 - Mary Martin as "Peter Pan" televised
1958 - Chicago Cardinals announce they will play their 1958 opener in Buffalo
1959 - "Bells Are Ringing" closes at Shubert Theater NYC after 925 perfs
1959 - 1st aviator to fly a million miles (1.61 M km) in a jet (MC Garlow)
1959 - West Indies all out 76 v Pakistan at Dacca, Fazal Mahmood 6-34
1960 - Dutch Builders strike for CLA

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 227

189 - Publius Septimius Geta, Roman Emperor (d. 211)
1481 - Baldassare Peruzzi, Italian architect and painter (d. 1537)
1543 - Johan Casimir, count of Rhine (occupied Gent)
1556 - Guillaume du Vair, French writer (d. 1621)
1574 - John Wilbye, composer
1602 - Kano Tanju, Japanese painter (palaces, portraits)
1621 - Georg Neumark, composer
1663 - Tomaso Antonio Vitali, composer
1671 - Robert Roy MacGregor, Scottish folk hero (d. 1734)
1678 - Filippo Juvara, Italian architect (d. 1736)
1682 - Johan W van Ripperda, Dutch diplomat/baron/duke
1687 - Jean Lebeuf, French historian (d. 1760)
1693 - Clement XIII, [Carlo Rezzonico], Pope (1758-69)
1707 - Stephen Hopkins, (Gov-RI) signed Decl of Ind
1715 - Ephraim Williams, American philanthropist (d. 1755)
1715 - Ewald Christian von Kleist, German poet (d. 1759)
1730 - Baron de Breteuil, French statesman (d. 1807)
1731 - Jean-Louis Laruette, composer
1762 - Sebastiaan C Nederburgh, director-general (East Indies Company)
1765 - Nicéphore Niépce, French inventor of photography (d. 1833)
1769 - Josef Alois Ladurner, composer
1773 - Tommaso Marchesi, composer
1785 - Alessandro Manzoni, Italy, poet/novelist (Betrothed)
1788 - Antoine César Becquerel, French physicist (d. 1878)
1792 - John Herschel, Slough England, William Herschel's son, astronomer
1797 - Karl Schwencke, composer
1799 - Frantisek L Celakovsky, Czech poet (national anthem, folk song)
1807 - Franz Grave von Pocci, German poet/composer (Der Alchemist)
1811 - Christian Heinrich Hohmann, composer
1813 - Judocus Smits, Dutch Catholic newspaper pioneer/founder (The Time)
1816 - James Donnelly, Irish-Canadian patriarch of the Donnelly family (Black Donnelly massacre)
1820 - Gustav Heinrich Graben-Hoffman, composer
1822 - Victor Masse, composer
1827 - Henry DeLamar Clayton, Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1889
1831 - John Bratton, [Old Reliable], US physician/Confederate Brig Gen
1832 - Orlando Metcalfe Poe, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1895
1837 - Henry Draper, Virginia, astro-spectro-photographer (Moon, Jupiter)
1841 - Olegario Victor Andrade, Argentina, poet (El nido de condores)
1841 - William Rockhill Nelson, founder of The Kansas City Star and patron of Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art (d. 1915)
1842 - Anne CAI van Diest, Belgian physician/feminist
1844 - Anthony Comstock, New Canaan Ct, anti-vice crusader/philatelist
Horticulturist Luther BurbankHorticulturist Luther Burbank (1849) 1849 - Luther Burbank, Lancaster, Mass, horticulturist
1850 - Tomés G Masaryk, Czechoslovakia, Father/Pres of Czech (1918-35)
1850 - Champ Clark, American politician (d. 1921)
1856 - Matilde Serao, [Tuffolina], Italian writer (Land of Cockayne)
1857 - Julius Wagner von Jauregg, Austria, psychiatrist (Nobel 1927)
1858 - Nikolai Artzibushev, composer
1866 - Paul Ernst, writer
1869 - Ernst J Cohen, Dutch chemist
1872 - Piet Mondrian, Amersfoort, Netherlands, Dutch abstract painter (Broadway Boogie Woogie)
1872 - Vasily Andreyevich Zolotaryov, composer
Abstract Painter Piet MondrianAbstract Painter Piet Mondrian (1872) 1873 - Madame Sul-Te-Wan, American actress (d. 1959)
1875 - Maurice Ravel, French composer (d. 1937)
1878 - Boris Kustodiev, Russian painter (d. 1927)
1883 - Carl Deis, composer
1886 - Raymond Largay, Wisc, actor (April in Paris, Variety Girl)
1887 - Heino Eller, composer
1888 - Alidius WLT van Starkenborch Stachouwer, gov of Neth Indies (1936-45)
1891 - Marcel Barger, [Meyer Streliskie], cabaret performer (I keep Susy)
1893 - Milton Avery, American artist (d. 1965)
1895 - Juan Jose Castro, composer
1896 - Erwin Bodky, composer
1898 - Jan Bata, Czech shoe manufacturer
1900 - Giuseppe Capogrossi, Italian painter
1900 - [Albert] Carel Willink, Dutch painter (magic realism)
1902 - Heinz Ruehmann, German actor/director (Der Hauptmann von Köpenick)
1904 - Ivar Ballangrud, Norway, Olympic speed skater (4 gold, 2 silver)
1904 - Reinhard Heydrich, German governor (Bohemen/Moravia (Lidice))
1904 - Virginia Downing, actress (Gig, Butterfield 8)
1904 - Willy Forst, Austria actor/director (Vienna Blood)
1905 - Vera Fjodorova Panova, Russian author (Sputniki)
1906 - Alejandro Garcia Caturla, composer
1906 - Hans Lachman, composer
1907 - Juan Francisco Giacobbe, composer
1908 - Anna Magnani, Alexandria Egypt, actress (Rose Tattoo, Miracle)
1908 - Joop [Joseph] van Santen, Dutch 1st chamber member (CPN)
1908 - Tomas de Manzarraga, composer
1909 - Greta Schoon, writer
1909 - Leo Malet, French crime novelist
1911 - Stefan Kisielewski, composer
1914 - Morton DaCosta, Phila, director (Island of Love, Music Man)
1915 - Jacques Chaban-Delmas, French politician
1917 - Davis Roberts, Mobile Ala, actor (Mr Johnson-Boone)
1917 - Janet Collins, ballerina
1917 - Robert Erickson, composer
1918 - June Wayne, artist/lithographer/teacher
1919 - Jocelyn Olaf Hambro, financier
1919 - Mochtar Lubis, Indonesian writer (Twilight in Djakarta)
1920 - Willie Watson, cricketer (England batsman & soccer international)
1922 - Olga Aleksandrovna Ladyzhenskaya, Russian mathematician (d. 2004)
1924 - Eduardo Paolozzi, British sculptor (Hydra)
1924 - Kobo Abe, Tokyo Japan, playwright (Woman, the Dunes)
1925 - Rene Gagnon, US Marine shown in photograph of the Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima (d. 1979)
1927 - Jean-Paul Desbiens, Quebec writer and teacher (d. 2006)
1927 - Henri Landwirth, Belgian-American hotel owner and philanthropist
1930 - James Broderick, Charlestown, New Hampshire, American actor (Dog Day Afternoon, Family)
1930 - Lord Snowdon, [Anthony Armstrong-Jones], London, photographer
1931 - C W Stubblefield, music promoter
1931 - Cornelis T "Cor" van de Molen, director Social Businesses of Press
1931 - Donald Barthelme, US, writer (Snow White)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 1 of 1

2007 - Former vocalist of "Babado Novo" Claudia Leitte (26) weds Marcio Pedreira at Hotel Convento do Carmo in Salvador, Brazil

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 112

322 BC - Aristotle, Greek philosopher (b. 384 BC)
161 - Antoninus Pius, [Titus Aurelius], emperor of Rome (138-61), dies at 74
203 - Perpetua and Felicitas, Christian martyrs (perhaps after 209)
308 - Saint Eubulus, Christian martyr
851 - Nominoe, Duke of Brittany
1111 - Bohemund I of Tarente, French ruler of Antioch, dies
1226 - William de Longespee, 3rd Earl of Salisbury, English military leader
Saint Thomas AquinasSaint Thomas Aquinas (1274) 1274 - Thomas Aquinas, Italian thelogian/saint, dies at 48
1305 - Gwijde van Dampierre, count of Flanders/count of Namur, dies at 78
1578 - Margaret Douglas, Countess of Lennox (b. 1515)
1625 - Johann Bayer, German astronomer (b. 1572)
1719 - Steven J Vennekool, Amsterdam's master builder, buried
1724 - Innocent XIII, [Michelangiolo dei Conti], Pope (1721-24), dies at 68
1737 - Guido Starhemberg, Austrian earl/fieldmarshal, dies at 79
1750 - Cornelis Troost, Dutch painter (Beslikte Zwaentje), dies at 52
1761 - Antonio Palella, composer, dies at 68
1767 - Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville, French colonizer (b. 1680)
1778 - Charles De Geer, Swedish industrialist (b. 1720)
1786 - Frantisek Benda, composer, dies at 76
1802 - Johann Georg Witthauer, composer, dies at 50
1809 - Johann Georg Albrechtsberger, Austrian composer, dies at 73
1810 - Albertus H Wiese, gov-gen of Neth Indies, dies at about 48
1810 - Cuthbert Collingwood, 1st Baron Collingwood, British admiral (b. 1750)
1833 - Rahel Varnhagen von Ense-Levin, German author, dies at 61
1842 - Christian Theodor Weinlig, composer, dies at 61
1844 - John Wedgwood, ceramicist and founder of the Royal Horticulture Society, dies
1862 - Ben McCulloch, US Confederate brig-general (KIA), dies at 50
1862 - John Baillie McIntosh, US general-major (Union Army), dies at 32
1862 - William Slack, US Confederate brig-general, dies in battle
1904 - Ferdinand André Fouqué, French geologist (b. 1828)
1907 - Victor Alphonse Duvernoy, composer, dies at 64
1911 - Antonio Fogazzarro, Italian writer/poet (Il Santo, Leila), dies at 68
1913 - Emily Pauline Johnson, Native Canadian poet
1924 - Pat Moran, manager (Cin Reds), dies of Bright's Disease
1926 - Jindrich Z Albestu Kaan, composer, dies at 73
1928 - Robert Abbe, American surgeon (b. 1851)
1931 - Akseli V Gallen-Kallela, Finnish painter/illustrator, dies at 65
1931 - Theo van Doesburg, [Christian Kupper], painter/architect, dies at 47
1932 - Aristide Briand, 11 x premier of France (Nobel 1926), dies at 69
1938 - Andreas Michalakopoulos, Greek politician, Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1876)
1939 - Amadeo Roldan, composer, dies at 38
1939 - John Jules Barrish, Irish writer (b. 1885)
1941 - Arnold Schering, German musicologist, dies at 63
1941 - Gunther Prien, German commandant (U-47), dies in battle
1945 - Adolf Bartels, German writer/racist, dies at 82
1949 - Francis Dodd, English artist (b. 1874)
1951 - Ali Razmara, Shah of Iran (1950-51), assassinated
1951 - Ivor Novello, British writer (Keep the Home Fires Burning), dies at 58
1951 - Shah Ali Razmara, of Iran, assassinated
1952 - Paramahansa Yogananda, Indian guru (b. 1893)
1954 - Otto Diels, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1876)
1955 - Tom Dugan, actor (Pick a Star), dies at 66
1957 - Wyndham Lewis, British author (b. 1882)
1959 - Arthur C Pigou, English economist (Economics of Welfare), dies
1959 - Hinsdale Smith, developer of roll-down auto windows, dies at 88
1961 - Englebert van Anderlecht, Belgian painter, dies at 42
1961 - Max Hymans, WW II resistance fighter/Head of Air France, dies at 60
1964 - Franz Alexander, Hungarian/US psycho analyst, dies at 73
1967 - Alice B. Toklas, American companion to Gertrude Stein (b. 1877)
1968 - Yuri Aleksayevich Gagarin, USSR cosmonaut (Vostok I), dies at 31
1973 - Andre de Meulemeester, Belgium WW I pilot [Eagle of Flanders], dies at 78
1974 - Alberto Rabagliati, Italian singer and actor (b. 1906)
1975 - Ben Blue, Canadian actor (Accidental Family), dies at 73
1975 - Francine Larrimore, actress (John Meade's Woman), dies at 76
1975 - Mikhail Bakhtin, Russian philosopher (b. 1895)
1976 - Erwin Kroll, composer, dies at 90
1976 - Wright Patman, American politician (b. 1893)
1978 - Steve Bilko, American baseball player (b. 1928)
1979 - Guiomar Novaes, pianist (Brazilian Order of Merit), dies at 84
1979 - Klaus Egge, Norwegian composer (Fanitullen), dies at 72
1981 - John Gnagy, artist (Learn to Draw), dies at 73
1981 - Kirill Petrovich Kondrashin, Russian conductor/composer, dies at 67
1982 - Charles Borromeo Mills, composer, dies at 68
1983 - Igor Markevich, composer, dies at 70
1983 - Robert Bray, actor (Corey-Lassie, Simon-Stagecoach West), dies at 65
1984 - Paul Rotha, English director (b. 1907)
1985 - George Schick, Czech conductor (Chicago Symphony), dies at 76
1985 - Robert W Woodruff, CEO (Coca-Cola), dies at 95
1985 - Victor W Farris, inventor of paper milk carton, etc, dies
1986 - Jacob K Javits, (Sen-R-NY), dies in Palm Beach, Fla at 81
1988 - Divine, [Harris Milstead], female impersonator (Pink Flamingos), dies
1988 - Robert Livingston, actor (Lone Ranger), dies at 83 of emphysema
1990 - Max Neuhaus, composer, dies at 50
Baseball player Cool Papa BellBaseball player Cool Papa Bell (1991) 1991 - James "cool papa" Bell, American baseball league great, dies at 87
1993 - Arnold Franchetti, Ital/US composer, dies
1993 - Earl Wrightson, singer/actor (Pinafore), dies of heart failure at 77
1993 - Tony Harris, cricketer (8 Tests for S Afr 1947-49, 100 runs), dies
1995 - Don Cook, British foreign correspondent, dies at 74
1995 - Jaap van den Hurk, TV-director (NCRV), dies
1995 - Jacques Lefebvre, Belgian air force gen, commits suicide at 64
1995 - John Arthur Neill Lambert, composer teacher organist, dies at 69
1995 - Paul-Emile Victor, French pole explorer, dies at 87
1995 - Thijmen Kuijt, resistance fighter/co-found paper (Typhoon), dies at 82
1996 - Aled Eames, mAritime historian, dies at 74
1997 - E. H. Bronner, German-American soap magnate (b. 1908)
1999 - Sidney Gottlieb, American CIA official (b. 1918)
Film Director Stanley KubrickFilm Director Stanley Kubrick (1999) 1999 - Stanley Kubrick, American film director (b. 1928)
2000 - Charles Gray, British actor (b. 1928)
2000 - Pee Wee King, American country music songwriter and musician (b. 1914)
2001 - Frankie Carle, American pianist and bandleader (b. 1903)

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