This Day in History for 23rd May

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 188

1059 - Henri I crowns his son compassionate King Philip I of France
1275 - King Edward I of England orders cessation of persecution of French Jews
1420 - Jews of Syria & Austria expelled
1421 - Jews of Austria imprisoned & expelled
1430 - Joan of Arc is captured at Compiegne & sold to the English
1493 - King Charles VIII & Maximilian I of Austria signs Peace of Senlis
1536 - Pope Paul III installs Portugese inquisition
1544 - Holy Roman Emperor Charles V recognizes king Christian III of Denmark
1555 - Giampietro Caraffa elected Pope Paul IV
1568 - Battle of Heiligerlee, Groningen: Dutch rebels beat Spanish, thousands killed
1568 - The Netherlands declare independence from Spain.
1576 - Tycho Brahe given Hveen Island to build Uraniborg Observatory
Astronomer Tycho BraheAstronomer Tycho Brahe 1609 - Official ratification of the Second Charter of Virginia takes place.
1611 - Matthias von Habsburg chosen king of Bohemia
1618 - 2nd Defenestration of Prague; beginning of 30 Years War. Two Catholic Lords Regent and their secretary thrown out of window - they were not seriously injured by the 70 foot fall.
1644 - Johan Mauritius van Nassau resigns as head of Civil rights activists
1647 - Willem II sworn in as viceroy of Holland
1660 - King Charles II returns from exile sails from Scheveningen to England
1667 - King Afonso VI of Portugal flees
1701 - Captain William Kidd is hanged in London after being convicted of piracy and of murdering William Moore.
Pirate Legend William KiddPirate Legend William Kidd 1706 - Battle of Ramillies: John Churchill (1st Duke of Marlborough) defeats French; 17,000 killed
1750 - Carlo Goldoni's "Il Bugiardo" premieres in Mantua
1774 - Chestertown tea party occurs (tea dumped into Chester River)
1785 - Benjamin Franklin announces his invention of bifocals
1788 - South Carolina becomes 8th state to ratify US constitution
1813 - South American independence leader Simón Bolívar enters Mérida, leading the invasion of Venezuela, and is proclaimed El Libertador ("The Liberator")
1844 - Declaration of Bab (Baha'i festival) ('Azamat 7, 1)
1853 - Buenos Aires gains independence from Argentina (reunited 1859)
Military and Political Leader Simon BolívarMilitary and Political Leader Simon Bolívar 1861 - 3 fleeing slaves enter Fort Monroe Virginia
1861 - Virginia citizens vote 3 to 1 in favor of secession from the Union
1862 - Valley Campaign: Stonewall Jackson takes Fort Royal, Virginia
1863 - Organization of the Seventh-day Adventist Church in Battle Creek, Michigan.
1864 - Battle of Dallas, GA
1864 - Battle of North Anna, Va, 1st of 3 days of fighting
1865 - -24] Victory parade in Washington, DC (Grand Review)
1865 - Flag flown at full mast over White House, 1st time since Lincoln shot
1867 - Jesse James gang robs bank in Richmond, Missouri (2 die, $4,000 taken)
Outlaw Jesse JamesOutlaw Jesse James 1873 - 1st Preakness: G Barbee aboard Survivor wins in 2:43
1873 - Canada's North West Mounted Police Force forms
1873 - Postal cards sold in SF for 1st time
1876 - 1st NL no-hitter (Joe Borden, Boston)
1878 - Atty John Henry Smyth named minister to Liberia
1882 - 6" of snow falls in eastern Iowa
1883 - 9th Kentucky Derby: William Donohue aboard Leonatus wins in 2:43
1883 - Baseball game between one-armed & one-legged players
1884 - 12th Preakness: S Fisher aboard Knight of Ellerslie wins in 2:39.5
1887 - 1st transcontinental train arrives in Vancouver, BC
1894 - William Love hosts ground breaking ceremonies for Love Canal
1898 - 1st Philippine Expeditionary Troops sail from San Francisco
1900 - Associated Press News Service forms in NY
1901 - 35th Belmont: H Spencer aboard Commando wins in 2:21
1901 - Indians score 9 runs after 2 outs in 9th to beat Senators 14-13
1901 - Ottawa Mint Act receives Royal Assent
1901 - US captures leader of Philippine rebels, Emilio Aguinaldo
1903 - 1st automobile trip across US from San Francisco to NY, ended April 1
1903 - 1st direct primary election law in US adopted, by Wisconsin
1907 - The single chamber Parliament of Finland gathers for its first plenary session.
1908 - Dirigible explodes over SF Bay, 16 passengers fall, none die
1908 - Part of Great White Fleet arrives in Puget Sound, Washington
27th US President William Howard Taft27th US President William Howard Taft 1911 - NY Public Library building at 5th Avenue dedicated by President Taft
1915 - Italy declares war on Austria-Hungary & Germany during WW I
1916 - Heavy battles at Fort Douaumont Verdun
1917 - Dutch 2nd Chamber approves 1908 conscription draft
1918 - King Oil/Shell refinery on Curacao officially opens
1920 - Pope Benedictus XV publishes encyclical Pacem Dei
1921 - "Shuffle Along" 1st black musical comedy, opens in NYC
1922 - "Abie's Irish Rose" 1st of over 2,500 performances
1922 - Harry Greb gave Gene Tunney his only professional boxing defeat
1922 - Walt Disney incorporates his 1st film company Laugh-O-Gram Films
Animator Walt DisneyAnimator Walt Disney 1923 - Launch of Belgium's SABENA airline: first flight from Brussels to Lympne, England
1926 - Hack Wilson is 1st to hit a home run off Wrigley Field scoreboard
1926 - Lebanese constitution forms under French mandate
1928 - Bomb attack on Italians embassy in Buenos Aires, 22 die
1931 - Whipsnade Zoo opens in Bedfordshire, England
1932 - Sir Hubert Ferdinand Opperman sets 24 hr record of 860 mi, 367 yds
1934 - The Auto-Lite Strike culminates in the "Battle of Toledo", a five-day melée between 1,300 troops of the Ohio National Guard and 6,000 picketers.
1935 - 1st scheduled night game postponed due to rain (Cincinnati)
1939 - British parliament plans to make Palestine independent by 1949
1939 - Dmitri Shostakovitch appointed professor at conservatory of Leningrad
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf HitlerDictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler 1939 - Hitler proclaims he wants to move into Poland
1939 - Submarine Squalis sank off Portsmouth NH, 26 die
1940 - 1st great dogfight between Spitfires and Luftwaffe
1941 - Joe Louis beats Buddy Baer on DQ in 7 for heavyweight boxing title
1941 - Rudolf Harbig runs world record 1k (2:21.5)
1943 - -24] 826 Allied bombers attack Dortmund
1943 - Thomas Mann begins writing his novel Dr Faustus
1944 - British and Canadian troops occupy Pontecorvo, Italy
1944 - Chinese counter offensive at Hunan front
1944 - Operation Buffalo: Allied break out from Anzio bridgehead
1944 - Polo Grounds host 1st NYC night game since 1941
1945 - British military police arrest Admiral Karl Doenitz
Novelist Thomas MannNovelist Thomas Mann 1945 - German island of Helgoland in North Sea surrenders to British
1945 - Heinrich Himmler, German Nazi leader & Gestapo leader, commits suicide in prison at 44
1945 - Lord Haw-Haw (William Joyce) arrested at Danish boundary
1947 - PC Hooft prize forms for literature
1948 - Joe DiMaggio hits 3 consecutive HRs
1948 - Ramat Rahel gateway to Jerusalem is repossessed by Israel
1949 - Federal Republic of [West] Germany proclaimed (Republic Day)
1951 - Peter Ustinov's "Love of Four Colonels" premieres in London
Baseball Player Joe DiMaggioBaseball Player Joe DiMaggio 1953 - 79th Preakness: Eric Guerin aboard Native Dancer wins in 1:57.8

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 256

1052 - King Philip I of France (d. 1108)
1100 - Emperor Qinzong of China (d. 1161)
1598 - Claude Mellan, French engraver/cartoonist/painter, baptized
1606 - Juan Caramuel y Lobkowitz, Spanish writer (d. 1682)
1617 - Elias Ashmole, antiquary
1620 - Pieter Neefs, the Younger, Flemish painter, baptized
1644 - Thomas Eisenhut, composer
1696 - Johann Caspar Vogler, composer
1707 - Carl von Linné, Stenbrohult Småland, Swedish scientist and Father of Taxonomy (d. 1778)
Taxonomist, botanist, physician, and zoologist Carolus LinnaeusTaxonomist, botanist, physician, and zoologist Carolus Linnaeus (1707) 1707 - Carolus Linnaeus, Swedish botanist and the Father of Taxonomy (d. 1778)
1710 - Francois-Gaspard Adam, French sculptor (garden sculptures)
1718 - William Hunter, obstetrician/medal writer
1729 - Giuseppe Parini, Italian priest/poet (Il Giorno)
1734 - Friedrich Anton Mesmer, Austria, physician/hypnotist (Mesmerism)
1735 - Charles Joseph, prince the Ligne, Belgian fieldmarshal/author
1737 - Louis Francois Chambray, composer
1741 - Andrea Lucchesi, composer
1753 - Giovanni Battista Viotti, violonist/composer
1754 - Andrea Appiana, Italian royal painter (Napoleon)
1756 - Nicolas-Joseph Hullmandel, composer
1759 - Antoinio da Silva Leite, composer
1790 - Jules Dumont d'Urville, French explorer (d. 1842)
1794 - Isaak-Ignaz Moscheles, composer
1795 - Charles Barry, architect
1799 - Thomas Hood, English poet/composer (Song of the Shirt)
1812 - Henri A Esquiros, French poet/writer (Les Vierges Folles)
1813 - Mason Brayman, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1895
1820 - James Buchanan Eads, US, engineer/inventor (Eads Bridge-St Louis)
1820 - Lorenzo Sawyer, 9th Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of California (d. 1891)
1824 - Ambrose Everett Burnside, Major General (Union volunteers)
1828 - Edward Hitchcock, America's 1st prof of physical ed (Amherst College)
1832 - Pieter J B C R van der Aa, Dutch Indologist/geographer
1834 - Carl Heinrich Bloch, Danish painter (d. 1890)
1837 - James Sanks Brisbin, Bvt Mjr General (Union volunteers), died in 1892
1843 - Pedro Miguel Marques y Garcia, composer
1844 - `Abdu'l-Bahá, Successor to Prophet of the Bahá'í Faith (d. 1921)
1848 - Helmuth J L von Moltke, German general/chief of staff (WW I)
1848 - Otto Lilienthal, pioneer aviator
1851 - Antoni Stolpe, composer
1862 - William "Dummy" Hoy, professional baseball player who lived to 99
1864 - Louis Glass, composer
1865 - Epitácio Pessoa, President of Brazil (d. 1942)
1866 - Gustav Aschaffenburg, German psychiatrist/criminalologist
1871 - Sigurd Lie, composer
1873 - Leo Baeck, rabbi/president (World Union for Progressive Judaism)
1875 - Alfred P. Sloan, American long-time president and chairman of General Motors (d. 1966)
1879 - Dezső Lauber, Hungarian sportsman (d. 1966)
1882 - James Gleason, NYC, writer/actor (Bishop's Wife, Flying Fool)
1883 - Douglas Fairbanks, Denver CO, actor (Zorro/3 Musketeers/Robin Hood)
1884 - Corrado Gini, Italian sociologist (d. 1965)
1887 - Thoralf Skolem, Norwegian mathematician (d. 1963)
1888 - Adrian Roland Holst, Dutch poet (Raged & Tired)
1888 - Zack Wheat, American baseball player (d. 1972)
1889 - José Padilla, Almería, Spanish composer and pianist (La Violetera - City Lights, Ça c'est Paris - Moulin Rouge)
1889 - Ernst Niekisch, German politician (d. 1967)
1890 - Herbert Marshall, London, actor (Murder, Razor's Edge, Little Foxes)
1890 - Virginia Eames, Ft Davis TX, entertainer
1891 - Pär Lagerkvist, Swedish writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1974)
1893 - Ulysses S. Grant IV, American geologist and paleontologist (d. 1977)
1896 - Felix Martin Julius Steiner, German Heer and Waffen-SS officer (d. 1966)
1898 - Frank McHugh, actor (Front Page, Gold Diggers 1935, Mighty Joe Young)
1898 - Joseph Hazen, lawyer
1898 - Scott O'Dell, American author (d. 1989)
1900 - Hans Frank, German Nazi war criminal (d. 1946)
1901 - Edmund Rubbra, Northampton England, composer (Morning Watch) [or 3/23]
1902 - Mark Lothar, composer
1903 - Walter Reisch, US, screenwriter (Ninotchka, Gaslight, Titanic)
1906 - Hellmuth Christian Wolff, composer
1907 - Kenneth Allen, engineer
1907 - Matthew Campbell, British senior civil servant
Physicist and Electrical Engineer John BardeenPhysicist and Electrical Engineer John Bardeen (1908) 1908 - John Bardeen, US, physicist (transistor, Nobel 1956, 1972)
1908 - Max Abramovitz, US architect (Lincoln Center, UN Building)
1909 - Edwin Arrowsmith, diplomat
1910 - Artie Shaw, [Arthur Arshawsky], NYC, bandleader (Come'on my House)
1910 - Franz Jozef Kline, US expressionist painter
1910 - Hugh Casson CH, architect
1910 - Scatman Crothers, [Benjamin], Terre Haute IN, actor (Zapped, Shining)
1910 - Margaret Wise Brown, American author (d. 1952)
1911 - Boris Kremenliev, composer
1911 - Melvin M Payne, president (National Geographic Society)
1911 - Betty Nuthall, Surbiton England, tennis player (1930 U.S. Open champion)
1912 - David Barran, CEO (Midland Bank, England)
1912 - John Payne, Roanoke Va, actor (Restless Gun)
1912 - Marius Goring, Isle of Wight, actor (Herr Palitz-Holocaust)
1912 - Samuel Curran, vice chancellor (Strathclyde University)
1913 - Ian Graeme, major-general
1914 - Alec Dickson, founder (VSO)
1914 - Barbara Ward, economist/writer (Only One Earth)
1914 - Leo Lerman, actor/manager/critic (Dance Magazine)
1914 - Travis Kemp, dancer/teacher
1915 - Clyde Wiegand, physicist
1916 - M Jean Francaix, composer
1916 - Margaret Hayden Rector, playwright (living legacy award 1995)
1917 - Edward Norton Lorenz, American mathematician and meteorologist (d. 2008)
1918 - Bulent Arel, composer
1918 - Bumps Blackwell, rocker
1918 - Denis Compton, cricketer (England batsman 1938-56 & Arsenal forward)
1919 - Betty Garrett, St Joseph Mo, actress (Irene-All in the Family)
1919 - Robert KJE Antonissen, South African literary
1919 - Ruth Fernandez, Ponce, Puerto Rico, singer (When you Return), politician, (d. 2012)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 6 of 6

Comic Book Artist and Writer Jack KirbyComic Book Artist and Writer Jack Kirby (1942) 1942 - Comic book artist Jack Kirby (24) weds Roz Goldstein
1953 - John F. Kennedy's sister Eunice Kennedy (31) weds activist and attorney Sargent Shriver at Saint Patrick's Cathedral in New York City
1992 - "Once and Again" actress Sela Ward (35) weds actor Howard Sherman (42)
1992 - Actress Anjelica Huston (40) weds sculptor Robert Graham (54)
2004 - Singer-guitarist Michelle Branch (21) weds musician Teddy Landau at Isla Pardito, Mexico
2012 - Grammy-winning Spanish pop star Alejandro Sanz (43) weds longtime girlfriend Raquel Perera (37) in Barcelona

Famous Divorces

Divorces 1 - 1 of 1

King of England Henry VIIIKing of England Henry VIII (1533) 1533 - King Henry VIII & Catherine of Aragon's marriage declared null & void by authority English clergy not the Pope

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 117

1125 - Hendrik V, Roman catholics German king/emperor (1098/1111-25), dies
1304 - Jehan de Lescurel, French poet and composer
1423 - Benedict XIII, [Pedro the Luna], Spanish Pope (1394-1423), dies
1498 - Girolamo Savonarola, dictator of Florence (1494-98), hanged at 45
1523 - Ashikaga Yoshitane, Japanese shogun (b. 1466)
1524 - Ismail I, Shah of Persia (b. 1487)
1568 - Adolf van Nassau, German son of Willem the Rich, dies in battle at 27
1627 - Luis de Gongora y Argote, poet/writer, dies
1648 - Luis de Nain, painter, dies
1662 - John Gauden, English bishop and writer (b. 1605)
1668 - Philips Wouwerman, Haarlems painter, buried
1670 - Ferdinando II de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (b. 1610)
1684 - Adriaen Backer, Amsterdams painter buried at about 48
1691 - Adrien Auzout, French astronomer (b. 1622)
Pirate Legend William KiddPirate Legend William Kidd (1701) 1701 - William Kidd, Scottish pirate, hanged at London's Execution Dock
1752 - William Bradford, English-born printer (b. 1663)
1754 - John Wood, architect/town planner, dies
1783 - James Otis, American lawyer, dies
1785 - William Woollett, engraver, dies
1786 - Móric Beňovský, Slovak officer and explorer, King of Madagascar (b. 1746)
1813 - Geraud Duroc, French general (b. 1772)
1825 - Ras Gugsa of Yejju, Regent of the Emperor of Ethiopia
1834 - Charles Wesley, composer, dies at 76
1838 - John W Janssens, gov-gen (Cape Colony), dies at 75
1841 - Franz Xaver von Baader, German philosopher/theologist, dies at 76
1842 - Jose de Espronceda y Delgado, Spanish revolutionary/poet, dies at 34
1846 - Franciszek Ksawery Drucki-Lubecki, Polish politician (b. 1778)
1851 - Lucas Pieter Roodbaard, architect, dies at 69
1855 - Charles Robert Malden, English explorer (b. 1797)
1857 - Augustin Louis Cauchy, French mathematician (b. 1789)
1860 - Albert Richard Smith, author/lecturer, dies
1867 - Archibald Alison, Scottish historian, dies at 74
1868 - Kit Carson, American trapper, scout, and Indian agent (b. 1809)
1875 - Johann Wilhelm Mangold, composer, dies at 78
1881 - Kit Carson, frontiersman, dies
1881 - Leopold von Ranke, historian, dies
1883 - Cyprian K Norwid, Polish painter/poet/playwright (Wanda), dies
1886 - Leopold von Ranke, German historian (b. 1795)
1887 - Ludwig Mathias Lindeman, composer, dies at 74
1891 - Ignace Xavier Joseph Leybach, composer, dies at 73
1893 - Anton von Schmerling, Austrian statesman (b. 1805)
1895 - Franz E Neumann, German mineralogist/physicist, dies at 96
1897 - Aleko Konstantinov, Bulgarian writer (To Chicago & Back), dies at 34
1905 - Martinus W van AA Meerbeke, head-editor (Time), dies at 75
1906 - Henrik Johan Ibsen, Norwegian playwright (Doll House), dies at 78
1908 - Francois Coppee, French poet, dies
1920 - Svetozar Boroević, Austrian field marshal (b. 1856)
1926 - Hans Koessler, composer, dies at 73
American Outlaw Bonnie ParkerAmerican Outlaw Bonnie Parker (1934) 1934 - Bonnie Parker, American outlaw (Bonnie & Clyde), killed in police ambush at 23
1934 - Clyde Barrow, outlaw (Bonnie & Clyde), killed in police ambush
1937 - John Davison Rockfeller, industrialist, dies at 97 in Ormond Beach Fla
1937 - John D Rockefeller, American industrialist and philanthropist, dies at 97
1938 - Philip Kleintjes, republic leader, dies at 70
1940 - Andrej N Rimski-Korssakov, Russian musicologist/son of Nikolai, dies
1940 - Paul Nizan, French journalist/writer (Ce Soir/Aden Arabia), dies at 35
1941 - Lord Herbert Austin, motor manufacturer, dies
Oil Industrialist John D. RockefellerOil Industrialist John D. Rockefeller (1937) 1941 - Slavko Osterc, composer, dies at 45
1947 - C F Ramuz, writer, dies at 68
1952 - Georg Alfred Schumann, composer, dies at 85
1954 - H R Bromley-Davenport, cricketer (batted in 4 Tests for England), dies
1960 - Georges Claude, engineer/inventor, dies
1961 - Joan Davis, comedic actress (I Married Joan), dies at 53
1965 - David Smith, sculptor, dies
1965 - Earl Webb, American baseball player (b. 1897)
1966 - Ruth Gates, Denton TX, actress (Aunt Jenny-Mama), dies at 79
1966 - Demchugdongrub, Mongolian politician (b. 1902)
1967 - Philip Coolidge, actor (I Want to Live, Tingler), dies at 58
1967 - Sanne Sannes, photographer, dies at 30
1968 - James Burke, actor (Ellery Queen, Army Surgeon), dies at 81
1968 - Merle Kendrick, orchestra leader (Window on the World), dies at 72
1969 - Diane Aubrey, actress (Haunted Strangler), dies of heart attack at 79
1969 - Jimmy McHugh, composer (Can't Give You Anything But Love), dies at 74
1969 - Peter Alma, painter/graphic artist, dies at 83
1970 - Nydia Westman, actress (Going My Way, Young Mr Bobbins), dies at 68
1973 - Athena Lorde, actress (Fuzz, Skin Game, Firecreek), dies at 57
1974 - Kathleen Cannell, writer, dies
1975 - Jackie "Moms" Mabley, comedienne (Amazing Grace), dies at 81
1979 - Hubert van Doorne, auto manufacturer (DAF), dies at 79
1981 - George Jessel, US comic/toastmaster (Diary of Young Comic), dies at 83
1981 - Rayner Heppenstall, English novelist (d. 1911)
1981 - David Lewis, Canadian labour lawyer and politician (b. 1909)
1983 - Albert Claude, Belgian biologist (Nobel 1974), dies at 84
1986 - Sterling Hayden, actor (Blue & Gray), dies at 70
1987 - Karel Albert, Flemish composer (Marieken van Nymeghen), dies at 86
1988 - David Schoenbrun, CBS broadcast bureau head (Wash, Paris), dies at 73
1989 - Georgy Tovstonogov, Russian theatre director (b. 1915)
1991 - Jean van Houte, Belgian premier, dies
1991 - Peter T Thwaites, British brig-gen/playwright (Love or money), dies
1991 - William Sinnot, Scottish pop musician (Shamen), dies at 30
1991 - Wilhelm Kempff, German pianist and composer (b. 1895)
1992 - Atahualpa Yupanqui, Argentine singer/composer/poet/guitarist, dies
1992 - Giovanni Falcone, anti-mafia judge (Palermo), murdered
1993 - James Millhollin, actor (Anston Foster-Grindl), dies at 77
1994 - Carl Althoff, German circus director, dies at 82
1994 - Joe Pass, US jazz guitarist (The Trio), dies at 65
1994 - Ray Candy, American professional wrestler (b. 1951)
1996 - Dorothy Hyson, actress (Spare a Copper, Sing as We Go), dies at 81
1996 - Kronid Arkadyevich Lyubarsky, human rights activist, dies at 61
1996 - Patrick Cargill, actor (Up Pompeii, Magic Christian), dies at 77
1996 - Rob Hall, New Zealand high altitude climber (b. 1941)

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