This Day in History for 23rd May

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 190

1059 - Henri I crowns his son compassionate King Philip I of France
1275 - King Edward I of England orders cessation of persecution of French Jews
1420 - Jews of Syria & Austria expelled
1421 - Jews of Austria imprisoned & expelled
1430 - Joan of Arc is captured at Compiegne & sold to the English
1493 - King Charles VIII & Maximilian I of Austria signs Peace of Senlis
1536 - Pope Paul III installs Portugese inquisition
1544 - Holy Roman Emperor Charles V recognizes king Christian III of Denmark
1555 - Giampietro Caraffa elected Pope Paul IV
1568 - Battle of Heiligerlee, Groningen: Dutch rebels beat Spanish, thousands killed
1568 - The Netherlands declare independence from Spain.
1576 - Tycho Brahe given Hveen Island to build Uraniborg Observatory
Astronomer Tycho BraheAstronomer Tycho Brahe 1609 - Official ratification of the Second Charter of Virginia takes place.
1611 - Matthias von Habsburg chosen king of Bohemia
1618 - 2nd Defenestration of Prague; beginning of 30 Years War. Two Catholic Lords Regent and their secretary thrown out of window - they were not seriously injured by the 70 foot fall.
1644 - Johan Mauritius van Nassau resigns as head of Civil rights activists
1647 - Willem II sworn in as viceroy of Holland
1660 - King Charles II returns from exile sails from Scheveningen to England
1667 - King Afonso VI of Portugal flees
1701 - Captain William Kidd is hanged in London after being convicted of piracy and of murdering William Moore.
Pirate Legend William KiddPirate Legend William Kidd 1706 - Battle of Ramillies: John Churchill (1st Duke of Marlborough) defeats French; 17,000 killed
1750 - Carlo Goldoni's "Il Bugiardo" premieres in Mantua
1774 - Chestertown tea party occurs (tea dumped into Chester River)
1785 - Benjamin Franklin announces his invention of bifocals
1788 - South Carolina becomes 8th state to ratify US constitution
1813 - South American independence leader Simón Bolívar enters Mérida, leading the invasion of Venezuela, and is proclaimed El Libertador ("The Liberator")
1844 - Declaration of Bab (Baha'i festival) ('Azamat 7, 1)
1853 - Buenos Aires gains independence from Argentina (reunited 1859)
Military and Political Leader Simon BolívarMilitary and Political Leader Simon Bolívar 1861 - 3 fleeing slaves enter Fort Monroe Virginia
1861 - Virginia citizens vote 3 to 1 in favor of secession from the Union
1862 - Valley Campaign: Stonewall Jackson takes Fort Royal, Virginia
1863 - Organization of the Seventh-day Adventist Church in Battle Creek, Michigan.
1864 - Battle of Dallas, GA
1864 - Battle of North Anna, Va, 1st of 3 days of fighting
1865 - -24] Victory parade in Washington, DC (Grand Review)
1865 - Flag flown at full mast over White House, 1st time since Lincoln shot
1867 - Jesse James gang robs bank in Richmond, Missouri (2 die, $4,000 taken)
Outlaw Jesse JamesOutlaw Jesse James 1873 - 1st Preakness: G Barbee aboard Survivor wins in 2:43
1873 - Canada's North West Mounted Police Force forms
1873 - Postal cards sold in SF for 1st time
1876 - 1st NL no-hitter (Joe Borden, Boston)
1878 - Atty John Henry Smyth named minister to Liberia
1882 - 6" of snow falls in eastern Iowa
1883 - 9th Kentucky Derby: William Donohue aboard Leonatus wins in 2:43
1883 - Baseball game between one-armed & one-legged players
1884 - 12th Preakness: S Fisher aboard Knight of Ellerslie wins in 2:39.5
1887 - 1st transcontinental train arrives in Vancouver, BC
1894 - William Love hosts ground breaking ceremonies for Love Canal
1898 - 1st Philippine Expeditionary Troops sail from San Francisco
1900 - Associated Press News Service forms in NY
1901 - 35th Belmont: H Spencer aboard Commando wins in 2:21
1901 - Indians score 9 runs after 2 outs in 9th to beat Senators 14-13
1901 - Ottawa Mint Act receives Royal Assent
Revolutionary General and 1st President of the Philippines Emilio AguinaldoRevolutionary General and 1st President of the Philippines Emilio Aguinaldo 1901 - US captures leader of Filippino rebels, Emilio Aguinaldo
1903 - 1st automobile trip across US from San Francisco to NY, ended April 1
1903 - 1st direct primary election law in US adopted, by Wisconsin
1907 - The single chamber Parliament of Finland gathers for its first plenary session.
1908 - Dirigible explodes over SF Bay, 16 passengers fall, none die
1908 - Part of Great White Fleet arrives in Puget Sound, Washington
1911 - NY Public Library building at 5th Avenue dedicated by President Taft
1915 - Italy declares war on Austria-Hungary during WW I
27th US President William Howard Taft27th US President William Howard Taft 1916 - Heavy battles at Fort Douaumont Verdun
1917 - Dutch 2nd Chamber approves 1908 conscription draft
1918 - King Oil/Shell refinery on Curacao officially opens
1920 - Pope Benedictus XV publishes encyclical Pacem Dei
1921 - "Shuffle Along" 1st black musical comedy, opens in NYC
1922 - "Abie's Irish Rose" 1st of over 2,500 performances
1922 - Harry Greb gave Gene Tunney his only professional boxing defeat
1922 - Walt Disney incorporates his 1st film company Laugh-O-Gram Films
1923 - Launch of Belgium's SABENA airline: first flight from Brussels to Lympne, England
1926 - Hack Wilson is 1st to hit a home run off Wrigley Field scoreboard
Animator Walt DisneyAnimator Walt Disney 1926 - Lebanese constitution forms under French mandate
1928 - Bomb attack on Italians embassy in Buenos Aires, 22 die
1931 - Whipsnade Zoo opens in Bedfordshire, England
1932 - Sir Hubert Ferdinand Opperman sets 24 hr record of 860 mi, 367 yds
1934 - The Auto-Lite Strike culminates in the "Battle of Toledo", a five-day melée between 1,300 troops of the Ohio National Guard and 6,000 picketers.
1935 - 1st scheduled night game postponed due to rain (Cincinnati)
1939 - British parliament plans to make Palestine independent by 1949
1939 - Dmitri Shostakovitch appointed professor at conservatory of Leningrad
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf HitlerDictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler 1939 - Hitler proclaims he wants to move into Poland
1939 - Submarine Squalis sank off Portsmouth NH, 26 die
1939 - Submarine USS Squalus sinks in the Gulf of Maine, drowning 26 men immediately. The 33 remaining crew are rescued from a depth of 243 ft (74 m) by divers using newly developed heliox air systems to prevent the cognitive impairment usually associated with deep dives. The rescue divers are later awarded the Medal of Honor for their bravery.
1940 - 1st great dogfight between Spitfires and Luftwaffe
1941 - Joe Louis beats Buddy Baer on DQ in 7 for heavyweight boxing title
1941 - Rudolf Harbig runs world record 1k (2:21.5)
1943 - -24] 826 Allied bombers attack Dortmund
1943 - Thomas Mann begins writing his novel Dr Faustus
Novelist Thomas MannNovelist Thomas Mann 1944 - British and Canadian troops occupy Pontecorvo, Italy
1944 - Chinese counter offensive at Hunan front
1944 - Operation Buffalo: Allied break out from Anzio bridgehead
1944 - Polo Grounds host 1st NYC night game since 1941
1945 - British military police arrest Admiral Karl Doenitz
1945 - German island of Helgoland in North Sea surrenders to British
1945 - Heinrich Himmler, German Nazi leader & Gestapo leader, commits suicide in prison at 44
1945 - Lord Haw-Haw (William Joyce) arrested at Danish boundary
1947 - PC Hooft prize forms for literature
Baseball Player Joe DiMaggioBaseball Player Joe DiMaggio 1948 - Joe DiMaggio hits 3 consecutive HRs
1948 - Ramat Rahel gateway to Jerusalem is repossessed by Israel
1949 - Federal Republic of [West] Germany proclaimed (Republic Day)
1951 - Peter Ustinov's "Love of Four Colonels" premieres in London

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 257

1052 - King Philip I of France (d. 1108)
1100 - Emperor Qinzong of China (d. 1161)
1598 - Claude Mellan, French engraver/cartoonist/painter, baptized
1606 - Juan Caramuel y Lobkowitz, Spanish writer (d. 1682)
1617 - Elias Ashmole, antiquary
1620 - Pieter Neefs, the Younger, Flemish painter, baptized
1644 - Thomas Eisenhut, composer
1696 - Johann Caspar Vogler, composer
1707 - Carl von Linné, Stenbrohult Småland, Swedish scientist and Father of Taxonomy (d. 1778)
Taxonomist, botanist, physician, and zoologist Carolus LinnaeusTaxonomist, botanist, physician, and zoologist Carolus Linnaeus (1707) 1707 - Carolus Linnaeus, Swedish botanist and the Father of Taxonomy (d. 1778)
1710 - Francois-Gaspard Adam, French sculptor (garden sculptures)
1718 - William Hunter, obstetrician/medal writer
1729 - Giuseppe Parini, Italian priest/poet (Il Giorno)
1734 - Friedrich Anton Mesmer, Austria, physician/hypnotist (Mesmerism)
1735 - Charles Joseph, prince the Ligne, Belgian fieldmarshal/author
1737 - Louis Francois Chambray, composer
1741 - Andrea Lucchesi, composer
1753 - Giovanni Battista Viotti, violonist/composer
1754 - Andrea Appiana, Italian royal painter (Napoleon)
1756 - Nicolas-Joseph Hullmandel, composer
1759 - Antoinio da Silva Leite, composer
1790 - Jules Dumont d'Urville, French explorer (d. 1842)
1794 - Isaak-Ignaz Moscheles, composer
1795 - Charles Barry, architect
1799 - Thomas Hood, English poet/composer (Song of the Shirt)
1810 - [Sarah] Margaret Fuller Ossoli, US feminist/revolutionary (NY Tribune)
1812 - Henri A Esquiros, French poet/writer (Les Vierges Folles)
1813 - Mason Brayman, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1895
1820 - James Buchanan Eads, US, engineer/inventor (Eads Bridge-St Louis)
1820 - Lorenzo Sawyer, 9th Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of California (d. 1891)
1824 - Ambrose Everett Burnside, Major General (Union volunteers)
1828 - Edward Hitchcock, America's 1st prof of physical ed (Amherst College)
1832 - Pieter J B C R van der Aa, Dutch Indologist/geographer
1834 - Carl Heinrich Bloch, Danish painter (d. 1890)
1837 - James Sanks Brisbin, Bvt Mjr General (Union volunteers), died in 1892
1843 - Pedro Miguel Marques y Garcia, composer
1844 - `Abdu'l-Bahá, Successor to Prophet of the Bahá'í Faith (d. 1921)
1848 - Helmuth J L von Moltke, German general/chief of staff (WW I)
1848 - Otto Lilienthal, pioneer aviator
1851 - Antoni Stolpe, composer
1862 - William "Dummy" Hoy, professional baseball player who lived to 99
1864 - Louis Glass, composer
1865 - Epitácio Pessoa, President of Brazil (d. 1942)
1866 - Gustav Aschaffenburg, German psychiatrist/criminalologist
1871 - Sigurd Lie, composer
1873 - Leo Baeck, rabbi/president (World Union for Progressive Judaism)
1875 - Alfred P. Sloan, American long-time president and chairman of General Motors (d. 1966)
1879 - Dezső Lauber, Hungarian sportsman (d. 1966)
1882 - James Gleason, NYC, writer/actor (Bishop's Wife, Flying Fool)
1883 - Douglas Fairbanks, Denver CO, actor (Zorro/3 Musketeers/Robin Hood)
1884 - Corrado Gini, Italian sociologist (d. 1965)
1887 - Thoralf Skolem, Norwegian mathematician (d. 1963)
1888 - Adrian Roland Holst, Dutch poet (Raged & Tired)
1888 - Zack Wheat, American baseball player (d. 1972)
1889 - José Padilla, Almería, Spanish composer and pianist (La Violetera - City Lights, Ça c'est Paris - Moulin Rouge)
1889 - Ernst Niekisch, German politician (d. 1967)
1890 - Herbert Marshall, London, actor (Murder, Razor's Edge, Little Foxes)
1890 - Virginia Eames, Ft Davis TX, entertainer
1891 - Pär Lagerkvist, Swedish writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1974)
1893 - Ulysses S. Grant IV, American geologist and paleontologist (d. 1977)
1896 - Felix Martin Julius Steiner, German Heer and Waffen-SS officer (d. 1966)
1898 - Frank McHugh, actor (Front Page, Gold Diggers 1935, Mighty Joe Young)
1898 - Joseph Hazen, lawyer
1898 - Scott O'Dell, American author (d. 1989)
1900 - Hans Frank, German Nazi war criminal (d. 1946)
1901 - Edmund Rubbra, Northampton England, composer (Morning Watch) [or 3/23]
1902 - Mark Lothar, composer
1903 - Walter Reisch, US, screenwriter (Ninotchka, Gaslight, Titanic)
1906 - Hellmuth Christian Wolff, composer
1907 - Kenneth Allen, engineer
1907 - Matthew Campbell, British senior civil servant
Physicist and Electrical Engineer John BardeenPhysicist and Electrical Engineer John Bardeen (1908) 1908 - John Bardeen, US, physicist (transistor, Nobel 1956, 1972)
1908 - Max Abramovitz, US architect (Lincoln Center, UN Building)
1909 - Edwin Arrowsmith, diplomat
1910 - Artie Shaw, [Arthur Arshawsky], NYC, bandleader (Come'on my House)
1910 - Franz Jozef Kline, US expressionist painter
1910 - Hugh Casson CH, architect
1910 - Scatman Crothers, [Benjamin], Terre Haute IN, actor (Zapped, Shining)
1910 - Margaret Wise Brown, American author (d. 1952)
1911 - Boris Kremenliev, composer
1911 - Melvin M Payne, president (National Geographic Society)
Tennis Player Betty NuthallTennis Player Betty Nuthall (1911) 1911 - Betty Nuthall, Surbiton England, tennis player (1930 U.S. Open champion)
1912 - David Barran, CEO (Midland Bank, England)
1912 - John Payne, Roanoke Va, actor (Restless Gun)
1912 - Marius Goring, Isle of Wight, actor (Herr Palitz-Holocaust)
1912 - Samuel Curran, vice chancellor (Strathclyde University)
1913 - Ian Graeme, major-general
1914 - Alec Dickson, founder (VSO)
1914 - Barbara Ward, economist/writer (Only One Earth)
1914 - Leo Lerman, actor/manager/critic (Dance Magazine)
1914 - Travis Kemp, dancer/teacher
1915 - Clyde Wiegand, physicist
1916 - M Jean Francaix, composer
1916 - Margaret Hayden Rector, playwright (living legacy award 1995)
1917 - Edward Norton Lorenz, American mathematician and meteorologist (d. 2008)
1918 - Bulent Arel, composer
1918 - Bumps Blackwell, rocker
1918 - Denis Compton, cricketer (England batsman 1938-56 & Arsenal forward)
1919 - Betty Garrett, St Joseph Mo, actress (Irene-All in the Family)
1919 - Robert KJE Antonissen, South African literary

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 6 of 6

Comic Book Artist and Writer Jack KirbyComic Book Artist and Writer Jack Kirby (1942) 1942 - Comic book artist Jack Kirby (24) weds Roz Goldstein
1953 - John F. Kennedy's sister Eunice Kennedy (31) weds activist and attorney Sargent Shriver at Saint Patrick's Cathedral in New York City
1992 - "Once and Again" actress Sela Ward (35) weds actor Howard Sherman (42)
1992 - Actress Anjelica Huston (40) weds sculptor Robert Graham (54)
2004 - Singer-guitarist Michelle Branch (21) weds musician Teddy Landau at Isla Pardito, Mexico
2012 - Grammy-winning Spanish pop star Alejandro Sanz (43) weds longtime girlfriend Raquel Perera (37) in Barcelona

Famous Divorces

Divorces 1 - 2 of 2

King of England Henry VIIIKing of England Henry VIII (1533) 1533 - King Henry VIII & Catherine of Aragon's marriage declared null & void by authority English clergy not the Pope
1934 - First wife Marguerite Van Kessel divorces NFL player Curly Lambeau (36) after 14 years of marriage

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 117

1125 - Hendrik V, Roman catholics German king/emperor (1098/1111-25), dies
1304 - Jehan de Lescurel, French poet and composer
1423 - Benedict XIII, [Pedro the Luna], Spanish Pope (1394-1423), dies
1498 - Girolamo Savonarola, dictator of Florence (1494-98), hanged at 45
1523 - Ashikaga Yoshitane, Japanese shogun (b. 1466)
1524 - Ismail I, Shah of Persia (b. 1487)
1568 - Adolf van Nassau, German son of Willem the Rich, dies in battle at 27
1627 - Luis de Gongora y Argote, poet/writer, dies
1648 - Luis de Nain, painter, dies
1662 - John Gauden, English bishop and writer (b. 1605)
1668 - Philips Wouwerman, Haarlems painter, buried
1670 - Ferdinando II de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (b. 1610)
1684 - Adriaen Backer, Amsterdams painter buried at about 48
1691 - Adrien Auzout, French astronomer (b. 1622)
Pirate Legend William KiddPirate Legend William Kidd (1701) 1701 - William Kidd, Scottish pirate, hanged at London's Execution Dock
1752 - William Bradford, English-born printer (b. 1663)
1754 - John Wood, architect/town planner, dies
1783 - James Otis, American lawyer, dies
1785 - William Woollett, engraver, dies
1786 - Móric Beňovský, Slovak officer and explorer, King of Madagascar (b. 1746)
1813 - Geraud Duroc, French general (b. 1772)
1825 - Ras Gugsa of Yejju, Regent of the Emperor of Ethiopia
1834 - Charles Wesley, composer, dies at 76
1838 - John W Janssens, gov-gen (Cape Colony), dies at 75
1841 - Franz Xaver von Baader, German philosopher/theologist, dies at 76
1842 - Jose de Espronceda y Delgado, Spanish revolutionary/poet, dies at 34
1846 - Franciszek Ksawery Drucki-Lubecki, Polish politician (b. 1778)
1851 - Lucas Pieter Roodbaard, architect, dies at 69
1855 - Charles Robert Malden, English explorer (b. 1797)
1857 - Augustin Louis Cauchy, French mathematician (b. 1789)
1860 - Albert Richard Smith, author/lecturer, dies
1867 - Archibald Alison, Scottish historian, dies at 74
1868 - Kit Carson, American trapper, scout, and Indian agent (b. 1809)
1875 - Johann Wilhelm Mangold, composer, dies at 78
1881 - Kit Carson, frontiersman, dies
1881 - Leopold von Ranke, historian, dies
1883 - Cyprian K Norwid, Polish painter/poet/playwright (Wanda), dies
1886 - Leopold von Ranke, German historian (b. 1795)
1887 - Ludwig Mathias Lindeman, composer, dies at 74
1891 - Ignace Xavier Joseph Leybach, composer, dies at 73
1893 - Anton von Schmerling, Austrian statesman (b. 1805)
1895 - Franz E Neumann, German mineralogist/physicist, dies at 96
1897 - Aleko Konstantinov, Bulgarian writer (To Chicago & Back), dies at 34
1905 - Martinus W van AA Meerbeke, head-editor (Time), dies at 75
1906 - Henrik Johan Ibsen, Norwegian playwright (Doll House), dies at 78
1908 - Francois Coppee, French poet, dies
1920 - Svetozar Boroević, Austrian field marshal (b. 1856)
1926 - Hans Koessler, composer, dies at 73
American Outlaw Bonnie ParkerAmerican Outlaw Bonnie Parker (1934) 1934 - Bonnie Parker, American outlaw (Bonnie & Clyde), killed in police ambush at 23
1934 - Clyde Barrow, outlaw (Bonnie & Clyde), killed in police ambush
1937 - John Davison Rockfeller, industrialist, dies at 97 in Ormond Beach Fla
1937 - John D. Rockefeller, American industrialist and philanthropist, dies at 97
1938 - Philip Kleintjes, republic leader, dies at 70
1940 - Andrej N Rimski-Korssakov, Russian musicologist/son of Nikolai, dies
1940 - Paul Nizan, French journalist/writer (Ce Soir/Aden Arabia), dies at 35
1941 - Lord Herbert Austin, motor manufacturer, dies
Oil Industrialist John D. RockefellerOil Industrialist John D. Rockefeller (1937) 1941 - Slavko Osterc, composer, dies at 45
1947 - C F Ramuz, writer, dies at 68
1952 - Georg Alfred Schumann, composer, dies at 85
1954 - H R Bromley-Davenport, cricketer (batted in 4 Tests for England), dies
1960 - Georges Claude, engineer/inventor, dies
1961 - Joan Davis, comedic actress (I Married Joan), dies at 53
1965 - David Smith, sculptor, dies
1965 - Earl Webb, American baseball player (b. 1897)
1966 - Ruth Gates, Denton TX, actress (Aunt Jenny-Mama), dies at 79
1966 - Demchugdongrub, Mongolian politician (b. 1902)
1967 - Philip Coolidge, actor (I Want to Live, Tingler), dies at 58
1967 - Sanne Sannes, photographer, dies at 30
1968 - James Burke, actor (Ellery Queen, Army Surgeon), dies at 81
1968 - Merle Kendrick, orchestra leader (Window on the World), dies at 72
1969 - Diane Aubrey, actress (Haunted Strangler), dies of heart attack at 79
1969 - Jimmy McHugh, composer (Can't Give You Anything But Love), dies at 74
1969 - Peter Alma, painter/graphic artist, dies at 83
1970 - Nydia Westman, actress (Going My Way, Young Mr Bobbins), dies at 68
1973 - Athena Lorde, actress (Fuzz, Skin Game, Firecreek), dies at 57
1974 - Kathleen Cannell, writer, dies
1975 - Jackie "Moms" Mabley, comedienne (Amazing Grace), dies at 81
1979 - Hubert van Doorne, auto manufacturer (DAF), dies at 79
1981 - George Jessel, US comic/toastmaster (Diary of Young Comic), dies at 83
1981 - Rayner Heppenstall, English novelist (d. 1911)
1981 - David Lewis, Canadian labour lawyer and politician (b. 1909)
1983 - Albert Claude, Belgian biologist (Nobel 1974), dies at 84
1986 - Sterling Hayden, actor (Blue & Gray), dies at 70
1987 - Karel Albert, Flemish composer (Marieken van Nymeghen), dies at 86
1988 - David Schoenbrun, CBS broadcast bureau head (Wash, Paris), dies at 73
1989 - Georgy Tovstonogov, Russian theatre director (b. 1915)
1991 - Jean van Houte, Belgian premier, dies
1991 - Peter T Thwaites, British brig-gen/playwright (Love or money), dies
1991 - William Sinnot, Scottish pop musician (Shamen), dies at 30
1991 - Wilhelm Kempff, German pianist and composer (b. 1895)
1992 - Atahualpa Yupanqui, Argentine singer/composer/poet/guitarist, dies
1992 - Giovanni Falcone, anti-mafia judge (Palermo), murdered
1993 - James Millhollin, actor (Anston Foster-Grindl), dies at 77
1994 - Carl Althoff, German circus director, dies at 82
1994 - Joe Pass, US jazz guitarist (The Trio), dies at 65
1994 - Ray Candy, American professional wrestler (b. 1951)
1996 - Dorothy Hyson, actress (Spare a Copper, Sing as We Go), dies at 81
1996 - Kronid Arkadyevich Lyubarsky, human rights activist, dies at 61
1996 - Patrick Cargill, actor (Up Pompeii, Magic Christian), dies at 77
1996 - Rob Hall, New Zealand high altitude climber (b. 1941)

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