This Day in History for 1st November

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 251

996 - First recorded use of modern name for Austria in the 'Ostarrîchi Document'
1210 - King John of England begins imprisoning Jews
1248 - Earl Willem II of Holland crowned as RC German emperor
1349 - Duke of Brabant orders execution of all Jews in Brussels, accusing them of poisoning the wells
1462 - Archduke Albrecht VI van Habsburg occupies Vienna
1512 - Michelangelo's paintings on ceiling of Sistine Chapel in Vatican, Italy 1st exhibited
1570 - All Saints Flood, tidal wave in the North Sea devastates the coast from Holland to Jutland; killing more than 1,000 people.
1604 - William Shakespeare's tragedy "Othello" 1st presented
1611 - Shakespeare's romantic comedy "Tempest" 1st presented
1612 - (22 October O.S.) Time of Troubles in Russia: Moscow, Kitai-gorod, is captured by Russian troops under command of Dmitry Pozharsky
Playwright William ShakespearePlaywright William Shakespeare 1623 - Fire at Plymouth, Massachusetts destroys several buildings
1628 - French King Louis XIII occupies La Rochelle
1671 - French King Louis XIV & RC German emperor Leopold I sign secret anti-Dutch treaty
1683 - The British crown colony of New York is subdivided into 12 counties.
1721 - Prince Eugenius of Savoye unveals statue of himself
1755 - Lisbon earthquake kills more than 50,000
1765 - Stamp Act goes into effect in British colonies
1776 - Mission San Juan Capistrano founded in California
1784 - Maryland grants citizenship to Lafayette & his descendents
The Sun King of France Louis XIVThe Sun King of France Louis XIV 1787 - 1st free school in NYC (African Free School) opens
1800 - John Adams becomes the first US president to live in White House
1802 - Delegates meet at Chillicothe, Ohio to form a state constitutional convention.
1814 - Congress of Vienna opens to re-draw the European political map after the defeat of France, in the Napoleonic Wars.
1834 - 1st published reference to poker (as Mississippi riverboat game)
1848 - 1st US woman's medical school opens (Boston)
1849 - Dutch government of Thorbecke forms
1859 - The current Cape Lookout, North Carolina, lighthouse was lit for the first time. Its first-order Fresnel lens can be seen for about 19 miles (30 kilometers), in good conditions.
Union General George McClellanUnion General George McClellan 1861 - General George McClellan made general in chief of Union armies
1863 - -8] Averell's Raid (on)to Lewisburg, West Virginia
1863 - Fortifications built on Angel Island (SF Bay) by troops
1865 - Zutphen-Fishing Dutch railway opens
1867 - "Harpers Bazaar" publishes
1869 - Deli Me forms T B V tobacco in Sumatra
1870 - US Weather Bureau begins operations (24 locations)
1876 - King Willem III opens North Sea Canal (Amsterdam-IJmuiden)
1876 - New Zealand's provincial government system is dissolved.
1877 - Dutch government of Heemskerk-Van Lynden resigns
1878 - Edward Scripps & John Sweeney found Penny Press (Cleveland Press)
1884 - The Gaelic Athletic Association is set up in Hayes's Hotel in Thurles, County Tipperary.
1885 - Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Immortale Dei
1886 - Ananda College, a leading Buddhist school in Sri Lanka was established with 37 students.
1894 - Vaccine for diphtheria announced by Dr Roux of Paris
Tsar Nicholas IITsar Nicholas II 1894 - Nicholas II becomes the new Tsar of Russia after his father, Alexander III, dies.
1896 - 1st bare-breasted women (Zulu) to appear in National Geographic Magazine
1901 - Sigma Phi Epsilon, the largest national male collegiate fraternity is established at Richmond College, in Richmond, VA.
1902 - France and Italy sign an Entente under which Italy agrees to remain neutral if France is attacked; this is France's attempt to neutralize the Triple Entente
1904 - George Bernard Shaw's "John Bull's Other Island," premieres in London
1910 - 1st issue of "Crisis" published by editor W.E.B. Du Bois
Civil Rights Activist W.E.B. Du BoisCivil Rights Activist W.E.B. Du Bois 1913 - Notre Dame upsets Army 35-13, 1st to use forward pass effectively
1913 - Less than a week after the US nonintervention promose, President Woodrow Wilson demands that Mexican dictator Huerta resigns
1914 - Connie Mack asks waivers on Jack Coombs, Eddie Plank & Chief Colby
1914 - German-British naval battle at Coronel, Chile
1914 - Pope Benedictus Xv's encyclical Ad beatissimi, against integrity
1914 - Von Hindenburg named marshal of Eastern front
1915 - Parris Island is officially designated a Marine Corps Recruit Depot.
1916 - Paul Miliukov delivers in the State Duma the famous "stupidity or treason" speech, precipitating the downfall of the Boris Stürmer government.
Baseball Legend Connie MackBaseball Legend Connie Mack 1917 - In WW I, the 1st US soldiers are killed in combat
1918 - 102 die in a NYC BMT subway derailment at Malbone Street Brooklyn
1918 - Yugoslav battleship Viribus Unitis sunk by Italians
1920 - Eugene O'Neill's "Emperor Jones," premieres in NYC
1920 - American Fishing Schooner Esperanto defeats the Canadian Fishing Schooner Delawana in the First International Fishing Schooner Championship Races in Halifax.
1921 - National Birth Control League & Voluntary Parenthood League merge as American Birth Control League
1922 - Ottoman Empire abolished
1922 - Queen Wilhelmina opens Dutch Historical Maritime museum in Amsterdam
1923 - Bruno E Lucander forms Aero E/Y (Finnair)
1924 - 1st US NHL franchise, Boston Bruins founded
1924 - Forest Peters of Montana State U hits 17 of 22 attempted field goals
1925 - VARA, Vereniging van Workers Radio Amateurs forms in Amsterdam
1926 - US Air Commerce Act passes
1928 - 1st celebration of Author's Day
1928 - Bradman scores a century each innings (131 & 133*), NSW v Qld
1928 - Graf Zeppelin sets airship distance record of 6384 km
1929 - Lundy, part of British Isles, issue its own stamps
1931 - Dupont introduces synthetic rubber
Rocket Scientist Werner von BraunRocket Scientist Werner von Braun 1932 - Wernher von Braun named head of German liquid-fuel rocket program
1935 - TS Eliot's "Murder in the Cathedral," premieres in London
1936 - Benito Mussolini describes alliance between Italy and Germany as an "axis"
1936 - Rodeo Cowboy's Association founded
1937 - Stalinists executed by shooting Pastor Paul Hamberg and seven members of Azerbaijan's Lutheran community (including three women).
1938 - German colonel-general Gerd von Runstedt retires
1938 - NL batting champ Ernie Lombardi is named MVP
1938 - Seabiscuit beats War Admiral in a match race at Pimlico
1939 - 1st animal conceived by artificial insemination (rabbit) displayed
Soviet Union Premier Joseph StalinSoviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin 1939 - 1st jet plane, Heinkel He 178, demonstrated to German Air Ministry
1939 - Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Sertum laetitiae
1940 - 1st US air raid shelter, Fleetwood, Pa
1940 - Dutch "Curfew" forms (12 AM - 4 AM)
1941 - Chetniks attacks Tito's partizans in Uzice Yugoslavia
1941 - Japanese marine staff officiers Suzuki/Maejima arrive in Pearl Harbor
1942 - 10th day of battle at El Alamein
1942 - John H Johnson publishes 1st issue of Negro Digest
1943 - Dim-out ban lifted in SF Bay area
1943 - US troops land on Bougainville Island on Solomon Island
1944 - Mary Coyle Chase' "Harvey," premieres in NYC
1944 - Zeeuws & Flanders freed
1944 - World War II: Units of the British Army land at Walcheren in the Netherlands.
1945 - 1st issue of Ebony magazine published by John H Johnson
1946 - Charles S Johnson becomes 1st black president of Fisk University
1946 - Cleveland Indians owner Bill Veeck's right foot is amputated
1946 - Marken soccer team forms

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 236

846 - Louis the Stammerer, King of West Francia (877-79) (d. 879)
1339 - Duke Rudolf IV of Austria (d. 1365)
1351 - Duke Leopold III of Austria (d. 1386)
1500 - Benvenuto Cellini, sculptor/goldsmith/author (Perseus)
1526 - Catherine Jagellonica of Poland, queen of Sweden and duchess of Finland (d. 1583)
1530 - Étienne de La Boétie, French judge and writer (d. 1563)
1539 - Pierre Pithou, French lawyer and scholar (d. 1596)
1549 - Anna of Austria, fourth wife of Philip II of Spain (d. 1580)
1567 - Diego Sarmiento de Acuña, conde de Gondomar, Spanish diplomat (d. 1626)
1578 - Dmitry Pozharsky, Russian prince (d. 1642)
1585 - Jan Brożek, Polish mathematician, physician, and astronomer (d. 1652)
1607 - Georg Philipp Harsdorffer, German poet (d. 1658)
1611 - François-Marie, comte de Broglie, Italian-born French commander (d. 1656)
1618 - Johannes Flittner, composer
1629 - St. Oliver Plunkett, last Catholic martyr to die in England. (d. 1681)
1636 - Nicolas Boileau-Despréaux, French poet and critic (d. 1711)
1643 - John Strype, English historian and biographer (d. 1737)
1661 - Florent Carton Dancourt, French dramatist and actor (d. 1725)
1666 - James Sherard, composer
1704 - Paul Daniel Longolius, German encylopedist (d. 1779)
1720 - Toussaint-Guillaume Picquet de la Motte, French admiral (d. 1791)
1727 - Ivan Ivanovich Shuvalov, founder of the Moscow University (d. 1797)
1731 - Theodore-Jean Tarade, composer
1748 - Christoph Rheineck, composer
1757 - Antonio Canova, Italian sculptor
1761 - Antonin Josef Alois Volanek, composer
1762 - Spencer Perceval, (Tory), British PM (1809-12)
1778 - Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden (d. 1837)
1782 - Viscount Goderich, (Tory), British PM (1827-28)
1798 - Benjamin Lee, Baronet Guinness, Irish brewer/Dublin mayor
1805 - Alessandro Nini, composer
1808 - John Taylor, American religious leader (d. 1887)
1815 - Crawford Williamson Long, surgeon/pioneer (use of ether)
1815 - Douglas Hancock Cooper, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1879
1825 - Joseph Benjamin Palmer, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1890
1832 - Johann Gottfred Matthison-Hansen, composer
1835 - Godfrey Weitzel, (Union volunteers Major general, died in 1884)
1847 - Emma Albani, Canadian soprano (d. 1930)
1853 - Jose Santos Zelaya, (L), ruler of Nicaragua (1893-1910)
1855 - Guido Adler, Austria, musicologist (Still in the Music)
1859 - Charles Brantley Aycock, (Gov-NC)
1859 - William Henry Grattan Flood, composer
1860 - Boies Penrose, United States Senator from Pennsylvania (d. 1921)
1862 - Johan Wagenaar, Dutch composer/conductor/organist (Cyrano)
1863 - Alfred Reisenauer, composer
1865 - Monty Bowden, cricketer (England Test capt v South Africa at 23)
1871 - Alexander Afanasii Spendiaryan, composer
Novelist Stephen CraneNovelist Stephen Crane (1871) 1871 - Stephen Crane, Newark, New Jersey, novelist/poet (Red Badge of Courage), (d. 1900)
1877 - Roger Quilter, British composer
1878 - Carlos Saavedra Lamas, Buenos Aires, jurist (Nobel Peace Prize 1936), (d. 1959)
1878 - Konrad Mägi, Estonian painter (d. 1925)
1879 - Pal Teleki-von Szek, geographer/premier Hungary (1920-21, 39-41)
1880 - Alfred L Wegener, German meteorologist (continental shift)
1880 - Grantland Rice, sportswriter (NY Her Trib 1914-30, Colliers 1925-37)
1880 - Karel Paul van der Mandele, financier/director (Rotterdamsche Bank)
Meteorologist, Geologist, Astronomist Alfred WegenerMeteorologist, Geologist, Astronomist Alfred Wegener (1880) 1880 - Sholem Asch, Poland, Yiddish novelist/playwright (Three Cities)
1881 - Edward Van Sloan, American actor (d. 1964)
1886 - Hermann Broch, Austria, novelist (Sleepwalkers, Bewitchment)
1887 - Max Trapp, composer
1887 - L. S. Lowry, British painter of industrial scenes (d. 1976)
1889 - Philip John Noel-Baker, statesman/disarmament advocate (Nobel 1959)
1890 - James Barton, NJ, Broadway actor (Tobacco Road, Iceman Cometh)
1891 - Dirk Vollenhoven, Dutch composer/philosopher
1892 - Alexander Alekhine, Russia, world chess champion (1927-35, 37-46)
1896 - Edmund Blunden, English poet/critic (Undertones of War)
1897 - Naomi Mitchison, author (African Heroes, Return to Fairy Hill)
1898 - Arthur Legat, Belgian racing driver (d. 1960)
1902 - Eugen Jochum, Babenhausen Bavaria, German conductor (Hamburg Orch)
1902 - Nordahl Grieg, Norwegian poet/dramatist/novelist (The Defeat)
1903 - Don Robey, US gospel singer
1903 - Gerard "Ge" Nabrink, Dutch anarchist/co-founder (NVSH)
1903 - Jean Tardieu, author
1903 - Max Adrian, Enniskillen, County Fermanagh, Irish actor (Devils, Music Lover)
1903 - Edward "Carji" Greeves, Australian rules footballer (d. 1963)
1904 - Laura Laplante, St Louis MO, actress (Cat & Canary)
1905 - Paul-Émile Borduas, Quebec painter (d. 1960)
1906 - Johnny Indrisano, American boxer and actor (d. 1968)
1907 - Rio Gebhardt, composer
1907 - Terence Tenison Cuneo, artist
1909 - Bruno Bjelinski, composer
1911 - Henri Troyat, French author and historian (d. 2007)
1914 - William "Sabby" Lewis, jazz pianist/arranger
1915 - Carlos A Nicolaas, Bonaire, teacher/poet
1915 - Michael Denison, York England, actor (Importance of Being Ernest)
1917 - Clarence E Miller, (Rep-R-OH, 1967- )
1917 - Margaret Taylor Burroughs, US author/house painter (Black Queen)
1917 - Zenna [Chlarson] Henderson, US, sci-fi author (Anything Box)
1919 - John Secondari, Rome Italy, newscaster (Open Hearing)
1920 - James J Kilpatrick, Oklahoma City Oklahoma, columnist (60 Minutes)
1920 - Ted Lowe, English former snooker commentator
1921 - Ilse Aichinger, Austria, author
1921 - Jan Tausinger, composer
1921 - John Willard Peterson, composer
1922 - George S Irving, Springfield Mass, singer/actor (Dumplings)
1922 - Jeff Richards, Portland Oregon, actor (Don't Go Near the Water)
1923 - Bruce Dooland, cricketer (Australian leg-spinner, 3 Tests mid-forties)
1923 - Edward A de Jongh, Antillian author (The Arch)
1923 - Gordon R[upert] Dickson, Canada, sci-fi author (Genetic General)
1923 - Victoria de los Angeles, Spanish soprano (d. 2005)
1924 - Robert N Rapoport, social anthropologist

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 5 of 5

Actor John WayneActor John Wayne (1954) 1954 - Actor John Wayne (47) weds actress Pilar Pallete in Kona, Hawaii
1986 - MLB player Kirby Puckett (24) weds Tonya Hudson (20)
1988 - US Actors Jeff Goldblum and Geena Davis marry in Las Vegas
2003 - "Showgirls" actress Elizabeth Berkley (31) weds artist Greg Lauren (33) at Esperanza Resort in Cabo San Lucas, Mexico
2008 - Actress Marisa Coughlan (34) weds Stephen Wallack at a private estate in Pasadena, California

Famous Divorces

Divorces 1 - 4 of 4

Film director D. W. GriffithFilm director D. W. Griffith (1947) 1947 - Film director D. W. Griffith (72) divorces actress Evelyn Baldwin (37) after 11 years of marriage
1954 - Actor John Wayne (47) divorces actress Esperanza Baur due to drunken violence after 7 years of marriage
1982 - Director Martin Scorsese (39) divorces Isabella Rossellini (30) after 3 years of marriage
2010 - Film actor Charlie Sheen (45) divorces socialite Brooke Mueller (33) due to irreconcilable differences after two-and-a-half years of marriage

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 105

921 - Richard, Duke of Burgundy
955 - Henry I, Duke of Bavaria
1296 - Guillaume Durand, French writer (b. 1230)
1391 - Amadeus VII of Savoy (b. 1360)
1399 - John V, Duke of Brittany (b. 1339)
1535 - Francesco Sforza, Italian ruler (Milan), dies
1546 - Giulio Romano, Italian painter/architect (Ondergang der Titanen), dies
1588 - Jean Daurat, French poet (b. 1508)
1596 - Pierre Pithou, French lawyer and scholar (b. 1539)
1642 - Jean Nicolet, French explorer (b. 1598)
1672 - Heinrich Schutz, composer, dies at 87
1676 - Gisbertus Voetius, Dutch theologian (b. 1589)
1678 - William Coddington, first Governor of Rhode Island (b. 1601)
1700 - Carlos II, King of Spain (reigns 1665-1700), dies at 39
1711 - Christian Demelius, composer, dies at 68
1750 - Giuseppe Sammartini, composer, dies at 55
1750 - Gustaaf W van Imhoff, Dutch governor of Ceylon (1736-40), dies at 45
1768 - Pierre van Maldere, composer, dies at 39
1788 - Johann Samuel Schroeter, composer, dies
1810 - Georg Anton Kreusser, composer, dies at 64
1814 - Alexander Samoylov, Russian general and statesman (b. 1744)
1817 - Giovanni Calisto Andrea Zanotti, composer, dies at 79
1825 - Rodrigo Ferreira da Costa, composer, dies at 49
1841 - Antoine PFGdV Celles, Belgium/Dutch/French MP, dies
1844 - August Ferdinand Haeser, composer, dies at 45
1881 - Jacques F H Perk, Dutch poet (Iris), dies at 22
1888 - Nikolai Przhevalsky, Russian explorer (b. 1838)
1891 - John A Neuhuys, painter, dies at 59
1894 - Tsar Alexander III of Russia (b. 1845) Reigned from 1881
1895 - Aleksander Zarzycki, composer, dies at 61
1903 - [Christian M] Theodor Mommsen, German historian (Nobel 1902), dies
1907 - Alfred Jarry, writer, dies at 33
1914 - Christopher "Kit" Cradock, English admiral, dies in battle
1926 - Louis H Chrispijn, Dutch actor/director (Krates), dies at 72
1926 - Wilfred Flowers, cricketer (England spinner in 8 Tests 1884-93), dies
1927 - Florence Mills, dancer/singer, dies in NYC at 32
1941 - Camille Melloy, [the Paepe], Belgian priest/poet (Requiem), dies at 50
1942 - Hugo Distler, composer, dies at 34
1947 - Man o' War, American thoroughbred racehorse (b. 1917)
1949 - Leslie Gay, cricket wicket-keeper/goalkeeper (England in 1890's), dies
1955 - W H van Eemlandt, [Haasse], author (Treasure Hunter of Amstel), dies
1955 - Dale Carnegie, American writer (b. 1888)
1956 - Lajos Asztalos, International Chess Master (1950), dies at 67
1956 - Pietro Badoglio, 41st Prime Minister of Italy (1943-44) and Italian General (1922-43), dies at 85
1959 - Gershon Agron, mayor of Jerusalem, dies at 66
1961 - Alexander Cohen, Dutch anarchist/author, dies at 97
1961 - Joan McCracken, actress (Claudie The Story of a Marriage), dies at 38
1962 - Winter Haynes Watts, composer, dies at 78
1962 - Ricardo Rodríguez, Mexican racing driver (b. 1942)
1963 - Elsa Maxwell, author (Jack Paar Show), dies at 80
1963 - Ngo Dinh Diem, South Vietnamese PM, assassinated in a coup at 62
1967 - Benita Hume, actress (Vicky-Thew Halls of Ivy), dies at 61
1968 - Georgios Papandreou, Greek minister/premier, dies at 80
1971 - G von Le Fort, writer, dies at 95
Poet Ezra PoundPoet Ezra Pound (1972) 1972 - Ezra Loomis Pound, US poet (Throne), dies at 87
1974 - Ralf Harolde, actor (Safe, Framed, Stolen Harmony), dies at 75
1975 - Doro Merande, actress (That Was The Week That Was), dies at 77
1975 - Jacki Ray, actor (In Like Flint), dies at 58
1975 - Norbert Rosseau, composer, dies at 67
1975 - Philip James, composer, dies at 85
1975 - Pier Paolo Pasolini, Italian poet/author/director, murdered at 53
1976 - Oscar Beregi Jr, actor (Young Frankenstein, Panic in City), dies at 58
1979 - Mamie Eisenhower, First Lady of the United States (b. 1896)
1982 - James Broderick, actor (Doug-Family), dies of cancer at 55
1982 - King Vidor, director (War & Peace), dies at 88 of a heart ailment
1982 - Leighton Lucas, composer, dies at 79
1983 - Anthony van Hoboken, Dutch musicologist (Haydn Catalog), dies at 96
1984 - Norman Krasna, author (Dear Ruth), dies of a heart attack at 74
1985 - Phil Silvers, comedic actor (Sgt Bilko), dies in his sleep at 73
1986 - Paul Frees, animation voice (Bullwinkle), dies at 66
1986 - Sippie Wallace, blues singer, dies at 88
1987 - René Lévesque, Premier of Quebec (b. 1922)
1991 - Joseph Papp, US theater producer (Chorus Line, Hair), dies at 70
1992 - Jeremias Chitunda, vice-chairman (Angolese Unita-rebellion), dies
1993 - Anatoli Fyodorovich Voronov, cosmonaut (Soyuz 12a backup), dies at 63
1993 - George Sheehan, cardiologist/marathoner, dies of prostate cancer at 74
1993 - A. N. Sherwin-White, English historian (b. 1911)
1994 - Richard Krautheimer, art historian, dies at 97
1994 - Syd Dernley, hangman, dies at 73
1995 - Brian Joseph Lenihan, politician, dies at 64
1995 - Desmond Shawe-Taylor, critic, dies at 88
1995 - James Ralph Darling, teacher, dies at 96
1995 - Lex Hixon, religious teacher/author, dies at 53
1996 - Junius Richard Jayawardene, PM of Sri Lanka (1977-78), dies at 90
1996 - Maati Bouabid, PM of Morroco (1979-83), dies
NFL Running Back Walter PaytonNFL Running Back Walter Payton (1999) 1999 - Walter Payton, American Football Hall of Fame Running Back, dies at 45
1999 - Theodore Alvin Hall, Atomic Spy (b. 1925)
1999 - Jean Coutu, Canadian actor (b. 1925)
2000 - Bernard Erhard, American voice actor (b. 1934)
2004 - Mac Dre, American rapper (b. 1970)
2004 - Terry Knight, American music promoter (b. 1943)
2005 - Skitch Henderson, English-born bandleader (b. 1918)
2005 - Michael Piller, American screenwriter (b. 1948)
2006 - William Styron, American author (b. 1925)
2006 - Adrienne Shelly, American actress (b. 1966)
2007 - Paul Tibbets, US Air Force retired Brigadier General (b. 1915)
2007 - S. Ali Raza, Bollywood Screenwriter (b. 1922)
2008 - Nathaniel Mayer, American soul musician (b. 1944)
2008 - Jacques Piccard, Swiss ocean explorer (b. 1922)
2008 - Yma Sumac, Peruvian singer (b. 1922)

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