This Day in History for 16th November

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 147

13 - General Tiberius' (later Emperor) triumphant procession through Rome after siege of Germany
534 - A second and final revision of the Codex Justinianus is published.
1380 - French King Charles VI declares no taxes for ever
1491 - An auto de fe, held in the Brasero de la Dehesa outside of Ávila, concludes the case of the Holy Child of La Guardia with the public execution of several Jewish and converso suspects.
1532 - Francisco Pizarro captures Incan emperor Atahualpa after victory at Cajamarca
1572 - Troops under Don Frederik (the Spanish General Fadrique Alvarez de Toledo) occupy and plunder Zutphen, Nmetherlands
1632 - Battle at Lutzen: Sweden beats imperial armies under Von Wallenstein
1676 - 1st colonial prison organized, Nantucket Mass
1677 - French troops occupy Freiburg
1700 - Monarch of Brandenburg becomes king of Prussia
Spanish Conquistador Francisco PizarroSpanish Conquistador Francisco Pizarro 1763 - English journalist John Wilkes injured in a duel
1764 - Native Americans surrender to British in Indian War of Chief Pontiac
1771 - West Indian Company & Amsterdam divide up Suriname
1776 - 1st gun salute for an American warship in a foreign port - US Andrew Doria at Ft St Eustatius
1776 - British troops captured Fort Washington during American Revolution
1798 - Kentucky becomes 1st state to nullify an act of Congress
1801 - 1st edition of New York Evening Post
1805 - Battle at Schongrabern: Russian army stop French
1824 - NY City's Fifth Avenue opens for business
1835 - Charles Darwin's voyage published in Cambridge Philosophical Society
Naturalist Charles DarwinNaturalist Charles Darwin 1841 - Life preservers made of cork are patented by Napoleon Guerin (NYC)
1849 - A Russian court sentences Fyodor Dostoevsky to death for anti-government activities linked to a radical intellectual group; his sentence is later commuted to hard labor.
1856 - Amsterdam post office at Nieuwezijds Voorburgwal opens
1859 - Aleksandr Ostrovsky's "Groza," premieres in Moscow
1863 - Battle of Campbell's Station TN, 492 casualities
1864 - Confederate retreat at Lovejoy, Georgia
1864 - Union General William T. Sherman begins march to sea during Civil War
1870 - Spanish Cortes selects King Amadeus I
1875 - Battle of Gundet: Ethiopian emperor Yohannes beats Egyptians
Union General William Tecumseh ShermanUnion General William Tecumseh Sherman 1875 - William Bonwill, patents dental mallet to impact gold into cavities
1882 - British gunboat HMS Flirt fires at & destroys Abari village in Niger
1894 - 6,000 Armenians massacred by Turks in Kurdistan
1894 - French captain Henri Decoeurs troops reach Nikki, West Africa
1901 - 3 autos race on Ocean Parkway, Brooklyn, fastest speed achieved by Henry Fournier who drives a mile in 51 4/5 seconds
1903 - V Herbert & H Smith' musical "Babette" premieres in NYC
1905 - Neth/Russ Count Witte becomes premier of Russia
1907 - Oklahoma becomes the United States 46th state
1908 - Arturo Tuscanini begins conducting NY's Metropolitan Opera
1909 - EVV Eindhoven soccer team forms
1914 - Federal Reserve System formally opens
1914 - Pope Benedict XV calls for peace
1916 - Eugene O'Neill's "Bound East for Cardiff" premieres in NYC
1916 - I Berlin/V Herbert/H Blossoms musical premieres in NYC
1916 - Russian La Satannaya ammunitions factory explodes, killing 1,000
1917 - British occupy Tel Aviv and Jaffa
1918 - Hungarian People's Republic declared
1919 - Admiral Horthy conquerors Budapest from Béla Kuns Soviet Republic
1920 - Australia's Qantas airways founded in Winton, Queensland as Queensland and Northern Territory Aerial Services Limited
1920 - 1st postage stamp meter is set in Stamford Conn
1922 - Pope Pius XI calls on Belgian people to unite
1922 - Turkish kalief/sultan Mehmed VI asks British army for help
1924 - Cleveland Bulldogs lose to Frankford Yellowjackets, ends 31-game undefeated streak (NFL & major-league football record)
1925 - American Association for Advancement of Atheism forms (NY)
1925 - Philip Barry's "In a Garden," premieres in NYC
1926 - NY Rangers 1st game, beat Montreal Maroons 1-0
President and Dictator of Brazil Getulio VargasPresident and Dictator of Brazil Getulio Vargas 1933 - Brazilian President Getulio Vargas declares himself dictator
1933 - Roosevelt establishes diplomatic relations with USSR
1935 - Richard Rodgers & Lorenz Hart's musical "Jumbo" premieres in NYC
1936 - German air force begins bombing of Madrid
1938 - K B Regiment refuses round-table conference in East-India
1938 - LSD is first synthesized by Swiss chemist Dr. Albert Hofmann at the Sandoz Laboratories in Basel, Switzerland.
1939 - Al Capone freed from Alcatraz jail
1939 - German U-boat torpedoes tanker Sliedrecht near Ireland
1940 - World War II: In response to Germany's leveling of Coventry, England two days before, the Royal Air Force bombs Hamburg.
Gangster Al CaponeGangster Al Capone 1941 - German troops conquer Kertsh (probably)
1942 - Assault of US B-17 Flying Fortresses on airport at Sidi Ahmed
1943 - World War II: American bombers strike a hydro-electric power facility and heavy water factory in German-controlled Vemork, Norway.
1944 - US 9th division & 1st Army attacks at Geilenkirchen
1945 - Yeshiva College (Univesity), chartered in NY, 1st US Jewish College
1945 - UNESCO is founded.
1947 - 15,000 demonstrate in Brussels against mild sentence of nazis
1948 - Operation Magic Carpet - 1st plane from Yemen carrying Jews to Israel
1950 - Egyptian King Faruk demands departure of all British troops
1950 - UN gets US government approval to issue postage stamps
1950 - US pres Harry Truman proclaims emergency crisis caused by communist threat
1952 - Papagos' Greek Concentratie wins Greeks parliamentary election
1955 - 1st speed-boat to exceed 200 mph (322 kph) (Donald Campbell)
1955 - KLM orders 8 DC-8s
1955 - Sultan Sidi Mohammed Ben Yussuph V returns to Morocco
1957 - "Copper & Brass" closes at Martin Beck Theater NYC after 36 perfs
Basketball Player Bill RussellBasketball Player Bill Russell 1957 - Celtic Bill Russell sets NBA record of 49 rebounds beat Phila 111-89
1957 - US murderer and bodysnatcher Ed Gein kills his last victim
1957 - Okla's NCAA win streak ends at 47 after losing to Notre Dame 7-0
1959 - "Sound of Music" opens at Lunt Fontanne Theater NYC for 1443 perfs
1960 - NL batting champion Dick Groat wins MVP
1961 - Great Britain limits immigration from Commonwealth countries
1962 - Kuwait adopts constitution (1st, Islamitic)
1962 - Wilt Chamberlain of NBA SF Warriors scores 73 points vs NY Knicks
NBA Legend Wilt ChamberlainNBA Legend Wilt Chamberlain 1963 - Toledo, OH newspaper strike began
1963 - Touch-tone telephone introduced
1964 - Radio CJCX Sydney Nova Scotia (Canada) starts shortwave transmission
1964 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1965 - Venera 3 launched, 1st to land on another planet (crashes into Venus)
1965 - Walt Disney launches Epcot Center: Experimental Prototype Community of Tomorrow
1966 - Dr Sam Sheppard freed after 9 years in jail, by a jury
1966 - Pirates outfielder Roberto Clemente is named NL MVP
1968 - The Derry Citizens Action Committee defies a ban on marches in Derry, Northern Ireland, by marching with an estimated 15,000 people
Baseball Player Roberto ClementeBaseball Player Roberto Clemente 1969 - 1968 massacre of civilians at Mylai S Vietnam, by US is 1st reported
1970 - Two men are shot dead by the Irish Republican Army (IRA)
1972 - "Dear Oscar" opens at Playhouse Theater NYC for 5 performances

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 220

1436 - Leonardo Loredan, Doge of the Republic of Venice (d. 1521)
1569 - Paul Sartorius, composer
1587 - Joost van den Vondel, Cologne Germany, Dutch poet/dramatist (Jephtha)
1603 - Augustyn Kordecki, Polish prior (d. 1673)
1609 - Henrietta Maria, French-born, Queen Consort of England (d. 1669)
1615 - Guillaume Dumanoir, composer
1642 - Cornelis Evertsen the Younger, Dutch buccaneer/lt admiral of Zeeland
1643 - Jean Chardin, French explorer (d. 1703)
1653 - Joan van Hoorn, gov-gen of Neth Indies (1707-09)
1684 - Abraham Alewijn, Dutch poet/playwright (Puiterveense Helleveeg)
1715 - Girolamo Abos, composer
Enlightenment Philosopher Jean-Baptiste Le Rond d'AlembertEnlightenment Philosopher Jean-Baptiste Le Rond d'Alembert (1717) 1717 - Jean-Baptiste Le Rond d'Alembert, French Enlightenment philosophe/mathematician (Encyclopédie), (d. 1783)
1720 - Carlo Antonio Campioni, composer
1730 - Gualtherius "Wouter" van Doeveren, Zealand-Flanders physician
1757 - Daniel Read, composer
1758 - Peter Andreas Heiberg, Danish author and philologist (d. 1841)
1762 - Petronella Moens, Frisian author/poetess
1766 - Rodolphe Kreitzer, France, composer/virtuoso violinist (Paris Conserv)
1780 - Robert Archibald Smith, composer
1793 - Francis Danby, Irish painter
1807 - Francois Hainl, composer
1810 - Friedrich Wilhelm Kucken, composer
1822 - Charles Smith Hamilton, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1891
1827 - James Southerton, cricketer (Test debut in the 1st ever Test at 49)
1829 - Anton G Rubinstein, Russian pianist/conductor/composer [OS]
1835 - Elliott Warren Rice, Bvt Mjr General (Union volunteers), died in 1887
1836 - David Kalakaua of Hawaii, Hawaiian king (d. 1891)
1839 - Louis-Honoré Fréchette, French Canadian poet (d. 1908)
1840 - Frederick Scotson Clark, composer
1841 - Jules Violle, French physicist (d. 1923)
1847 - Edmund James Flynn, Canadian politician (d. 1927)
1854 - Jules van de Heuvel, Belgian lawyer/politician
1860 - Edmund Schuecker, composer
1861 - Vaclav Suk, composer
1862 - Charles Thomas Biass Turner, cricketer (the "Terror")
1870 - Alfred Hill, composer
1873 - William Christopher Handy, Alabama, jazz star (St Louis Blues) (d. 1958)
1874 - Johanna HC Albregt, Dutch actress (Dumb August)/wife of Henri Dons
1880 - Alexander A Block, Russian poet (Dvenatsat) [NS=11/28]
1883 - Eugeen Van de Velde, Flemish musicologist/composer (In Tempore Belli)
1885 - Michael Gonzi, Maltese archbishop (d. 1984)
1887 - Philip Frohman, US architect
1888 - Burnet Corwin Tuthill, NYC, composer (Laurentia)
1888 - Clinton Golden, Penn, founder (United Steelworkers of America)
1888 - Henri [Ferdinand M J] Bosco, French author/poet (Gogol)
1889 - August Croegaert, Flemish liturgist
1889 - George S Kaufman, Pittsburgh Pa, playwright (This is Show Business)
1889 - Luis Cluzeau-Mortet, composer
1890 - Aloys-Henri-Gerard Fornerod, composer
1890 - Elpidio Quirino, president of Philippines (1949-53)
1890 - George Seldes, journalist
1892 - Guo Moruo, Chinese writer (d. 1978)
1892 - Tazio Nuvolari, Italian racing driver (d. 1953)
1893 - Cornelis J van der Klauw, Dutch biologist/zoologist
1894 - Count Richard Coudenhove Kalergi, Austrian politician
1894 - Mabel Normand, [Muriel Fortescue], Boston MA, comedienne (Mickey)
1895 - Eduard Bagritsky, [Dzhubin], Russ poet/journalist (South-West)
1895 - Michael Arlen, Armenia, English author (An American Verdict)
1895 - Paul Hindemith, German composer (d. 1963)
1896 - Lawrence Tibbett, Bakersfield California, baritone (Metropolitan 1923-50)
1896 - Oswald Mosley, baron/British nazi
1896 - Joan Lindsay, Australian author (d. 1984)
1897 - Halliwell Hobbes, Stratford-on-Avon England, actor (Dr Jekyll & Mr Hyde)
1897 - Choudhary Rehmat Ali, Pakistani nationalist (d. 1951)
1899 - Mary Margaret McBride, Paris Mo, radio personality (WOR-AM, NYC)
1902 - Marcel Boereboom, Belgian musicologist
1904 - Eddie Condon, Goodland Ind, jazz guitarist (Eddie Condon's Floor Show)
1904 - Frederik van der Meer, Dutch archaeologist/art historian
1904 - Nnamdi Benjamin "Zik" Azikiwe, politician
1905 - Astrid SLT Bernadotte, Queen of Belgium/Princess of Sweden
Actor Burgess MeredithActor Burgess Meredith (1907) 1907 - Burgess Meredith, Cleveland Ohio, actor (Mr Novak, The Penguin in Batman, Rocky), (d. 1997)
1912 - Anton [Tom] Koolhaas, author (Weird White)
1912 - George Petrie, actor (Honeymooners)
1916 - Daws Butler, Toledo OH, animation voice (Yogi Bear, Huckleberry Hound)
1917 - John Whiting, British dramatist/actor (Saint's Day)
1919 - Udo Kasemets, composer
1920 - Betty Hicks, LPGA golfer
1922 - Royal Dano, NYC, actor (Red Badge of Courage, Cocaine Wars, House II)
1922 - Gene Amdahl, American computer scientist
1922 - José Saramago, Portuguese writer, Nobel laureate
Novelist José SaramagoNovelist José Saramago (1922) 1924 - Joep J P de Boer, Dutch MP (CDA)
1924 - Mel Patton, American athlete
1926 - Ton de Leeuw, Dutch composer
1927 - Barbara Payton, Cloquet MN, actress (Dallas, Trapped, Bad Blonde)
1928 - Clu Gulager, Holdenville Oklahoma, actor (Virginian, Survivors, Tall Man)
1929 - Renate Rubinstein, [Tamar], German/Ned's author/columnist (Tamar)
1930 - Alice Adams, sculptor
1930 - Chinua Achebe, Nigerian author (Christmas in Biafra), (d. 2013)
1930 - Salvatore Riina, Sicilian mafioso
Novelist and Poet Chinua AchebeNovelist and Poet Chinua Achebe (1930) 1931 - Bob Gibson, rocker
1931 - Luciano Bottaro, Italian comic book artist (d. 2006)
1931 - Hubert Sumlin, American blues musician
1932 - Barbara Romack, LPGA golfer
1933 - Guy Stockwell, NYC, actor (Chris-Adventures in Paradise)
1933 - Garrett "Garnet" Mimms, Ashland West Virginia, singer (Enchanters-Cry Baby)
1935 - Elizabeth Drew, journalist (Politics & Money: The Road to Corruption)
1935 - France-Albert Rene, president of Seychelles (1977- )
1936 - Shirvani Chalayev, composer
1936 - John Moore, Australian politician
1938 - Richard Landry, composer

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 6 of 6

1683 - Hendrik Casimir II of Nassau-Dietz marries Henriette Amalia
British Prime Minister (The Great Commoner) William Pitt the ElderBritish Prime Minister (The Great Commoner) William Pitt the Elder (1754) 1754 - British PM William Pitt the Elder (46) weds Lady Hester Grenville (34) in Argyle Street, London
1981 - Luke marries Laura on TV soap "General Hospital" (16 million watch)
1987 - Actress Lisa Bonet marries singer Lenny Kravitz
1996 - "What Part of No" country singer Lorrie Morgan (37) weds singer Jon Randall (29) in Nashville
1996 - Golf champ Phil Mickelson (26) weds Amy McBride

Famous Divorces

Divorces 1 - 4 of 4

Author, Biochemistry Professor Isaac AsimovAuthor, Biochemistry Professor Isaac Asimov (1973) 1973 - Sci-fi author Isaac Asimov (53) divorces Gertrude Blugerman after 31 years of marriage
1993 - James Carrey files for divorce from Melissa
2010 - Singer-songwriter Avril Lavigne (25) divorces "Sum 41" lead singer and guitarist Deryck Whibley (29) due to irreconcilable differences after 3 years of marriage
2011 - Second season American Idol winner Rubben Studdard (33) divorces Surata Zuri McCants due to irreconcilable differences after 3 years of marriage

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 120

1271 - Henry III, King of England (1216-71, Provisions of Oxford), dies
1328 - Prince Hisaaki, Japanese shogun (b. 1276)
1512 - Gerbrand Mockema, Fries rebel, beheaded
1512 - Jemme Herjuwsma, Fries rebel, beheaded
1548 - Caspar Cruciger, German church reformer, dies at 44
1603 - Pierre Charron, French philosopher/theologian, dies
1613 - Trajano Boccalini, Italian satirist (b. 1556)
1628 - Paolo Quagliati, Italian composer
1667 - Nathaniel Schnittelbach, composer, dies at 34
1668 - Antoon Anselmo, South Netherlands lawyer, dies at about 79
1695 - Pierre Nicole, French philosopher (b. 1625)
1706 - Cornelis Evertsen, mutineer/ltalian-admiral of Zeeland, dies at 64
1706 - Godfried Schalcken, painter/etcher/engraver, dies
1724 - Jack Sheppard, English robber, hanged
1745 - James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde, Irish statesman and soldier (b. 1665)
1766 - Dominikus Zimmermann, German architect/painter, dies at 81
1773 - John Hawkesworth, English writer
1775 - Marian Paradeiser, composer, dies at 28
1779 - Pehr Kalm, Finnish explorer and naturalist (b. 1716)
1790 - Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer, American Continental Congressman (b. 1723)
1797 - King Frederick William II of Prussia (b. 1744) Reigns 1786-97
1802 - André Michaux, French botanist (b. 1746)
1806 - Moses Cleaveland, founder of Cleveland, Ohio (b. 1754)
1808 - Mustapha IV, sultan of Turkey (1807-08), dies at 29
1831 - Karl von Clausewitz, Prussian strategist (Campaign 1813), dies at 51
1835 - Louis Angely, German comedic poet (Paris in Pommern), dies at 48
1836 - Christian Hendrik Persoon, Dutch mycologist (b. 1761)
1884 - František Chvostek, Moravian physician (b. 1835)
Politician Louis RielPolitician Louis Riel (1885) 1885 - Louis Riel, Canadian rebel leader and "Father of Manitoba", hanged for treason at 41
1890 - Johann A H Scheler, Belgian man of letters/librarian, dies at 71
1893 - George Alexander Osborne, composer, dies at 87
1907 - Robert I, Duke of Parma, last ruling Duke of Parma (b. 1848)
1908 - Henri-Gustave Joly de Lotbinière, French-born Canadian politician (b. 1829)
1909 - Francis Thome, composer, dies at 59
1911 - Albert Alonzo Ames, Mayor of Minneapolis (b. 1842)
1922 - Max Abraham, German physicist (b. 1875)
1924 - Alexander Andreyevich Archangel'sky, composer, dies at 78
1924 - Edward Everett Rice, composer, dies at 75
1932 - Carry van Bruggen, [de Haan], Dutch author (Eva), dies at 51
1934 - Joachim Ringelantz, writer, dies
1935 - Kurt Schindler, composer, dies at 53
1939 - Pierce Butler, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1866)
1943 - Marcel Verhamme, Belgian resistance fighter, executed
1944 - Charles Kellaway, cricketer (26 Tests 1910-1928), dies
1945 - Kaarlo Sarkia, Finnish poet (Kohtalon Vaaka), dies at 43
1950 - Bob Smith, American doctor, co-founder of the Alcoholics Anonymous (b. 1879)
1954 - Albert Francis Blakeslee, American Botanist, dies at 80
1955 - Tomasz Arciszewski, Polish premier (1944-47), dies at 88
1957 - Cora Witherspoon, actress (Quality Street, Bank Dick), dies at 67
1958 - Warner Fabian, [S Adams], US author (Great American Fraud), dies at 87
Actor Clark GableActor Clark Gable (1960) 1960 - Clark Gable, actor (Gone With the Wind), dies at 59
1961 - Sam Rayburn, Speaker of the House for 17 years, dies at 79
1964 - Albert Hay Malotte, composer, dies at 69
1964 - John Emery, actor (Ship Ahoy, Kronos, Mademoiselle Fifi), dies at 59
1964 - Piet Moeskops, Dutch world champion cyclist (1921-24, 26), dies at 71
1965 - Alexander King, author (Jack Paar Show), dies at 66
1966 - Cluny MacPherson, Canadian inventor of the gas mask, dies at 87
1968 - Greet Hofmans, faith healer of Dutch queen Juliana, dies at 74
Doctor Cluny MacPhersonDoctor Cluny MacPherson (1966) 1971 - Charlie Dell, comedian, dies at 90
1971 - Edward Sedgwick, director, dies of barbiturate overdose at 28
1971 - Edie Sedgwick, American socialite and heiress (b. 1940)
1972 - Andrey Filippovich Pashchenko, composer, dies at 87
1973 - Alan Watts, writer/popularizer of Zen, dies in Calif
1974 - Walther Meissner, German physicist (Meissner Effect), dies at 91
1975 - Ernst van Raalte, lawyer/minister-president, dies at 83
1978 - Claude Dauphin, French actor (Les Miserables, Mado), dies at 75
1980 - Imogen Hassall, Countess of Cleavage (Carry on Lovng), suicide at 37
1981 - Enid Markey, actress (Aunt Violet-Bringing Up Buddy), dies at 85
1981 - Morgan Conway, actor (Dick Tracy Detective), dies
1981 - William Holden, actor (Network, Wild Bunch, Breezy), dies at 63
1982 - Arthur Askey, British comedian, dies at 82
1982 - Lenny Murphy, Leader of Belfast's notorious Shankill Butchers (b. 1952)
1984 - Vic Dickenson, American trombonist (b. 1906)
1985 - John J Sparkmann, (Sen-D-Ala), dies at 85
1986 - Siobhan McKenna, actress (Dr Zhivago, Hungry Hill), dies at 63
1987 - Jim Brewer, Major League Baseball relief pitcher (b. 1937)
1987 - Zubir Said, Singaporean composer who composed Singapore's national anthem (b. 1907)
1988 - Lotte Stam-Beese, German/Neth architect, dies at about 85
1989 - Jean-Claude Malépart, Quebec politician (b. 1938)
1991 - Ralph Marrero, actor (Babe, Johnny Suede), dies in car accident at 33
1993 - Evelyn Venable, model (Columbia Pictures logo), dies of cancer at 80
1993 - Lucia Popp, Czech/Austria soprano (Vienna Opera), dies at 54
1993 - Achille Zavatta, French clown (b. 1915)
1994 - Chester Dino Powers Valenti, singer/Songwriter, dies at 57
1994 - Dan Smith, harmonica/gospel singer, dies at 83
1994 - David Rayner, cyclist, dies
1994 - Doris Speed, actress (Annie-Coronation Street), dies at 95
1994 - Harvey Watkins, gospel Singer, dies at 64
1994 - John Boylan, US actor (Twin Peaks, Sleepless in Seattle), dies at 82
1994 - Dino Valente, American musician (Quicksilver Messenger Service) (b.1943)
1995 - Gwyn A Williams, historian/socialist, dies at 70
1995 - Jack Finney, author (Body Snatchers), dies at 84
1996 - George Byatt, playwright, dies at 73
1996 - Jack Popplewell, composer/playwright, dies at 87
1996 - John Reginald Bevins, politician, dies at 88
1997 - George Petrie, actor (Honeymooners), dies on 85th birthday
1997 - Georges Marchais, Sec Gen of French Communist Party (1972-94), dies
1997 - Russ "Mad Monk" Meyer, pitcher (Philadelphia Phillies), dies at 74
1999 - Daniel Nathans, American microbiologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1928)
2000 - DJ Screw, American hiphop DJ (b. 1971)

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