This Day in History for 18th November

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 184

326 - Old St. Peter's Basilica is consecrated. Stood 4th - 16th century. Replaced by current St Peter's Basilica in Rome.
794 - Japanese emperor Kammu deallocates residence of Nara to Kioto
1105 - Maginulf elected anti-Pope Silvester I
1210 - Pope Innocent III excommunicates Roman Catholic Emperor Otto IV
1307 - William Tell reputedly shoots apple off his son's head
1421 - Southern sea floods 72 villages, killing estimated 10,000 in Netherlands
1424 - Storm flood ravages Dutch coast
1477 - First English dated printed book "Dictes & Sayengis of the Phylosophers" by William Caxton
1494 - French King Charles VIII occupies Florence
1497 - Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama reaches the Cape of Good Hope
1626 - St. Peter's Basilica is consecrated. Replaced an earlier basilica. Largest Christian basilica
1667 - Treaty of Bongaja: King Hassan-Udin of Makasar & VOC
1686 - Charles Francois Felix operates on King Louis XIV of France's anal fistula after practising the surgery on several peasants.
French Enlightenment Philosopher VoltaireFrench Enlightenment Philosopher Voltaire 1718 - Voltaire's "Oedipe" premieres in Paris
1738 - France & Austria sign peace
1742 - Prussia & Brtain sign anti-French military covenant
1745 - Bonnie Prince Charlie's troops occupy Carlisle
1755 - Worst quake in Mass Bay area strikes Boston; no deaths report
1776 - Hessians capture Ft Lee, NJ
1787 - First Unitarian minister in US ordained, Boston
1803 - Battle of Vertieres, in which Haitians defeat French
1804 - Palver Purim 1st celebrated to commemorate miraculous escape
1805 - 30 women meet at Mrs Silas Lee's home in Wiscasset, Maine, organizes Female Charitable Society, first woman's club in America
1820 - Antarctica sighted by US Navy Capt Nathaniel B Palmer
1833 - Netherlands & Belgium sign Treaty of Zonhoven
Naturalist Charles DarwinNaturalist Charles Darwin 1835 - -20] Charles Darwin travels to Tahiti
1852 - State funeral of Duke of Wellington (St Paul's Cathedral, London)
1852 - Rose Philippine Duchesne dies in St. Charles, Missouri. She would be canonized on July 3, 1988 by Pope John Paul II.
1865 - Mark Twain publishes "Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County"
1872 - American suffragette Susan B Anthony is arrested after voting on the 5th November in Rochester NY
1872 - Suffragette Susan Brownell Anthony is arrested by a U.S. Deputy Marshal and charged with illegally voting
1874 - National Woman's Christian Temperance Union organizes in Cleveland
Suffragette Susan Brownell AnthonySuffragette Susan Brownell Anthony 1883 - Antonin Dvorák's "Husitska" premieres
1883 - Standard time zones forms by railroads in US & Canada
1889 - Oahu Railway begins public service in Hawaii
1893 - Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Providentissimus Deus
1894 - 1st newspaper Sunday color comic section published (NY World)
1894 - 1st comic strip "Origin of a New Species" by Richard Outcault
1899 - Trumper scores 208 in 185 mins (1 five 25 fours) NSW v Qld
1901 - The USA and Great Britain sign the Second Hay-Pauncefote Treaty, or Interoceanic Ship Canal Treaty
1902 - Brooklyn toymaker Morris Michton names teddy bear after US President Teddy Roosevelt
1903 - Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty gives US exclusive canal rights in Panama
1904 - General Esteban Huertas steps down after the government of Panama fears he wants to stage a coup.
Playwright George Bernard ShawPlaywright George Bernard Shaw 1905 - George Bernard Shaw's "Major Barbara" premieres in London
1905 - Prince Carl of Denmark becomes King Haakon VII of Norway
1906 - Langdon Mitchells "New York Idea" premieres in NYC
1909 - US invades Nicaragua, later overthrows President Zelaya
1911 - Britain's first seaplane flies
1911 - Opera "Lobetanz" first American performance
1913 - Lincoln Deachey performs first airplane loop-the-loop (San Diego)
1916 - General Douglas Haig finally calls off 1st Battle of the Somme (WWI) - over 1 million killed or wounded
1917 - Sigma Alpha Rho, a Jewish high school fraternity, is founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
1918 - Brussels free Stofnar
1918 - Latvia declares independence from Russia
1919 - H Tierney & J McCarthy's musical "Irene" premieres in NYC
1920 - Apollo Theater (Academy, Bryant) opens at 221 W 42nd St NYC
1922 - Turkish National Assembly nominates Abdul Medjid kalief
1926 - Pope Pius XI encyclical On persecution of Church in Mexico
Animator Walt DisneyAnimator Walt Disney 1928 - Walt Disney's Mickey Mouse appears in NY in "Steamboat Willie"
1929 - Dr Vladimir K Zworykin demonstrates "kinescope"
1929 - Large earthquake in Atlantic breaks transatlantic cable in 28 places
1929 - Stalin routes troops to Manchuria
1930 - Musical "Smiles" with Bob Hope and Fred Astaire premieres in NYC
1930 - Sjostakovitch' opera "The Nose" premiers in Lenningrad
1930 - Sōka Kyōiku Gakkai, a Buddhist association later renamed Soka Gakkai, is founded by Japanese educators Tsunesaburo Makiguchi and Josei Toda.
1932 - "Flowers & Trees" receives 1st Academy Award for a cartoon
Actor and Dancer Fred AstaireActor and Dancer Fred Astaire 1932 - 1st tie for Best Actor Academy Award Wallace Beery & Fredric March
1932 - 5th Academy Awards - "Grand Hotel", Fredric March, Wallace Beery & Helen Hayes win
1936 - Germany & Italy recognize Spanish government of Francisco Franco
1936 - Main span of Golden Gate Bridge joined
1938 - Trade union members elect John L. Lewis as the first president of the Congress of Industrial Organizations.
1939 - Neth KNSM passenger ship Simon Bolivar hits German mine, 86 die
1940 - George Matesky, New York City's Mad Bomber places his first bomb at a Manhattan office building used by Consolidated Edison.
Spanish Dictator and General Francisco FrancoSpanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco 1941 - British troops open attack on Tobruk, North Africa
1941 - Jerome Chodorov/Joseph Fields' "Junior Miss" premieres in NYC
1941 - Mussolini's forces leave Abyssinia/Ethiopia
1942 - Thornton Wilders "Skin of our Teeth," premieres in NYC
1943 - First US ambassador to Canada, Ray Atherton, nominated
1943 - 444 British bombers attack Berlin
1943 - U-211 sinks in Atlantic Ocean
1945 - Arnold Schoenberg's Prelude for orchestra & mixed choir, premieres
1949 - NL batting leader (.342) Jackie Robinson wins NL MVP
1950 - South Korea President Syngman Rhee forced to end mass executions
1951 - "See it Now" premieres on TV
First President of South Korea Syngman RheeFirst President of South Korea Syngman Rhee 1951 - British troops occupy Ismailiya, Egypt
1951 - Former Cubs 1st baseman & future TV star of Rifleman Chuck Connors is 1st player to oppose the major league draft
1953 - Anti-Revolutionary Party (ARP) accept female suffrage
1954 - Yanks trade Woodling, Byrd, McDonald, Triandos, Miranada & Smith to Orioles for Turley, Larsen & Hunter as part of an 18 player deal
1955 - Bell X-2 rocket plane taken up for 1st powered flight
1956 - Morocco gains independence
1957 - Tunisia refuses Russian weapons
1958 - 1st true reservoir in Jerusalem opens
1958 - Indians minority stockholders sell their stock to William Delay
1959 - Wash Senator Bob Allison wins AL Rookie of Year
1960 - Charlie Finley makes a bid to purchase expansion LA Angels
1960 - Copyright office issues its 10 millionth registration
1961 - "Gay Life" opens at Shubert Theater NYC for 113 performances
1961 - "Kwamina" closes at 54th St Theater NYC after 32 performances
35th US President John F. Kennedy35th US President John F. Kennedy 1961 - JFK sends 18,000 military advisors to South Vietnam
1961 - US Ranger 2 launched to Moon; failed

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 222

1522 - Lamoral, Count of Egmont, Flemish general and statesman (d. 1568)
1527 - Luca Cambiaso, Italian painter/sculptor
1630 - Eleanor Gonzaga, Empress of the Holy Roman Empire (d. 1686)
1680 - Jean-Baptiste Loeillet, composer
1727 - Philibert Commerçon, French naturalist (d. 1773)
1736 - Carl Friedrich Christian Fasch, composer
1742 - Felix Maximo Lopez, composer
1772 - Louis Ferdinand, Prince of Prussia Christian, composer
1774 - Wilhelmine of Prussia, Queen of the Netherlands (d. 1837)
1781 - Felice Blangini, composer
1785 - David Wilkie, British artist (d. 1841)
1786 - Henry Rowley Bishop, British composer/conductor
1786 - Carl Maria von Weber, Germany, romantic composer (Der Freischutz), [or 19]
Abolitionist and Women's Rights Advocate Sojourner TruthAbolitionist and Women's Rights Advocate Sojourner Truth (1787) 1787 - Sojourner Truth [Isabella Baumfree], Swartekill, New York, US abolitionist/feminist
1787 - Louis-Jacques Daguerre, Cormeilles-en-Parisis France, inventor and photographer (d. 1851)
1803 - Cornelius Broere, Dutch priest/poet
1804 - Alfonso Ferrero la Marmora, Italian general and statesman (d. 1878)
1808 - Antoine-Amable-Elie Elwart, composer
1810 - Asa Gray, Sauquoit NY, botanist (Flora of North America)
1810 - Benjamin Stone Roberts, Bvt Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), died in 1875
1812 - Jesse Johnson Finley, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1904
1824 - Franz Sigel, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1902
Photographer and Inventor Louis-Jacques DaguerrePhotographer and Inventor Louis-Jacques Daguerre (1787) 1824 - Isham Nicholas Hayne, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1868
1832 - Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld, Swedish explorer (d. 1901)
1835 - Americus Vespucius Rice, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1904
1835 - Cesare Lombroso, Italian psychiatrist/criminologist
1836 - William Schwenck Gilbert, London, English dramatist, librettist, poet and illustrator (Gilbert & Sullivan)
1839 - August A Kundt, German physicist (sound vibration, test of Kundt)
1845 - John F Mellaerts, Flemish social worker (1st Belgian farm gilde)
1846 - Aloys, Liechtenstein nobleman/politician
1856 - Nikolai Nikolaevich Romanov, Grand Duke of Russia (d. 1929)
Panist, Composer and Polish Prime Minister Ignacy Jan PaderewskiPanist, Composer and Polish Prime Minister Ignacy Jan Paderewski (1860) 1860 - Ignacy Jan Paderewski, composer/1st premier of Poland (1919-20)
1861 - Dorothy Dix, pseudonym of US journalist Elizabeth Meriwether Gilmer (d. 1951)
1863 - Richard Dehmel, writer
1869 - James E Sullivan, founder (Amateur Athletic Union)
1871 - Amadeo Vives, composer
1874 - Carrie White, oldest US woman (dies Nov 1990 at 116)
1874 - Clarence Shepard Day, NYC, author (Life with Father)
1874 - Riccardo Martin, composer
1877 - Arthur C Pigou, English economist (Wealth & welfare)
1881 - Percy Lesueur, hockey player/inventor (large goalie glove)
1882 - Amelita Galli-Curci, Italy, operatic soprano (Cave of the Winds)
1882 - Jacques Maritain, France, Catholic philosopher (exponent of St Thomas)
1882 - Wyndham Lewis, English author/painter (Tarr, Apes of God)
1883 - Carl Vinson, U.S. Congressman (d. 1981)
1888 - Frances Marion, SF CA, screenwriter/actress (Pollyanna)
1889 - Maria Realino, [Frederikus Janssen], teacher (Botany of Curacao)
1895 - Ernst Levy, composer
1897 - Jules Buffano, St Louis Mo, pianist (Jimmy Durante Show)
1897 - Patrick M S Blackett, British physicist (nuclear reaction, Nobel 1948)
1898 - Joris Ivens, Nijmegen Netherlands, director (Rain)
1898 - Oswald Erich Sehlbach, composer
1899 - Eugene Ormandy, [Blau], Budapest Hungary, conductor (Phila Orch)
1900 - Constantin Alajalov, Russia, artist (Ditters & Jitters)
1900 - Howard Thurman, theologian/author (Deep River, Deep in the Hunger)
1900 - George Kistiakowsky, Kiev, Ukrainian-American Chemist who helped develop the first atomic bomb (Manhattan Project), but later opposed nuclear weapons
Inventor of the Gallup Poll George GallupInventor of the Gallup Poll George Gallup (1901) 1901 - George Gallup, Jefferson Iowa, public opinion pollster (Gallup Poll)
1902 - Barbara Giuranna, composer
1902 - Jorgen Nielsen, Danish author (regional novels)
1903 - Lillian Fuchs, composer
1904 - Guido Santorsola, composer
1904 - Theodore DN Besterman, British bibliographer
1904 - Jean Paul Lemieux, Quebec painter (d. 1990)
1906 - George Wald, US, physiologist/biologist (eye, Nobel 1967)
1906 - Klaus Mann, German/US author (Mephisto)/son of Thomas Mann
1906 - Alec Issigonis, Greek-British car designer (d. 1988)
1907 - Halldis Vesaas-Moren, Norwegian author/poetess
Scientist George WaldScientist George Wald (1906) 1907 - Compay Segundo, Cuban musician (Buena Vista Social Club) (d. 2003)
1908 - Imogene Coca, Phila, comedienne (Your Show of Shows, Grindl)
1909 - Johnny Mercer, Savannah Ga, lyricist (Moon River, Old Black Magic)
1910 - Friedrich Weinreb, Polish/Neth theologist/economist
1911 - Attilio Bertolucci, Italian poet and writer (d. 2000)
1912 - Arthur Peterson, Mandan ND, actor (Major-Soap, Crisis)
1912 - Jaap Meijer, [Saul van Messel], Dutch historian/rabbi in Paramaribo
1915 - Ken Burkhart, American baseball player and umpire (d. 2004)
Songwriter Johnny MercerSongwriter Johnny Mercer (1909) 1916 - James L Lyons, jazz promoter
1918 - Tasker Watkins, Welsh World War II hero (d. 2007)
1919 - Jocelyn Brando, San Francisco, actress (Ugly American)
1920 - Alfred William Bedford, test pilot
1920 - Louis Alfred Mennini, composer
1920 - Mustafa Khalil, Prime Minister of Egypt (d. 2008)
1921 - Peter Pocklington, NHL team owner (Edmonton Oiler)
1922 - Luis Somoza Debayle, president of Nicaragua (1956-63)
1922 - Marjorie Gestring, US, springboard diver (Olympic-gold-1936)
1922 - Viktor Afanasiev, editor (Pravda)
1922 - Al Dvorin, American Elvis Presley concert announcer (d. 2004)
1923 - Alan B Shepard Jr, East Derry NH, Rear Adm USN/astro (Merc 3, Ap 14)
1923 - Ted Stevens, American politician
1924 - Alexander Mackenzie Stuart, Scottish jurist (d. 2000)
1925 - Alex Macintosh, broadcaster/actor (Hell Fight)
1925 - William Robert Mayer, composer
1926 - Dorothy Collins, Windsor Ontario, singer (Your Hit Parade)
1926 - Kim Besly, activist
1926 - Estanislao Basora, Catalonia, Spain, footballer (The Monster of Colombes, 22 caps for Spain, 301 matches for Barcelona), (d. 2012)
1927 - Lawrence Kenneth Moss, composer
1927 - Hank Ballard, American musician (d. 2003)
1928 - Mickey Mouse, cartoon strip
1928 - Otar Gordeli, Georgian composer
1929 - William Joseph "Pete" Knight, astronaut/test pilot (X-15)
1932 - Nasif Estéfano, Argentine racing driver {d. 1973)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 9 of 9

Businessman and restaurateur Colonel SandersBusinessman and restaurateur Colonel Sanders (1948) 1948 - KFC founder Colonel Sanders (58) weds his long-time employee Claudia Price
1952 - "Rock Around The Clock" rock and roll pioneer Bill Haley (27) weds Barbara Cupchak
1962 - Singer Barry White (18) weds childhood sweetheart Betty Smith
1966 - MLB baseball player Hank Greenberg (55) weds actress Mary Jo Tarola
1966 - Writer Jack Kerouac (44) weds Stella Kerouac
2000 - "Queen" guitarist Brian May (53) weds "EastEnders" actress Anita Dobson (51) in a civil ceremony at Richmond Register Office
2000 - Actress Catherine Zeta Jones (31) weds actor/producer Michael Douglas (56) at the Plaza Hotel in New York City
Actor Tom CruiseActor Tom Cruise (2006) 2006 - American film actor and producer Tom Cruise (44) weds actress Katie Holmes (27) at Odescalchi Castle in Bracciano, Italy
2010 - Cricketer Glenn McGrath (40) weds interior designer Sara Leonardi in Cronulla, New South Wales

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 93 of 93

942 - Odo van Cluny, 2nd abbott of Cluny (924-42), dies
1154 - Adélaide de Maurienne, wife of Louis VI of France (b. 1092)
1170 - Albrecht I "Bear", 1st margrave of Brandenburg (1150-70), dies at 70
1305 - John II, Duke of Brittany (b. 1239)
1559 - Cuthbert Tunstall, English churchman (b. 1474)
1590 - George Talbot, 6th Earl of Shrewsbury, English statesman (b. 1528)
1603 - Elisabeth van Nassau, daughter of Juliana, dies at 61
1630 - Esaias van der Velde, Dutch painter, buried
1678 - Giovanni Maria Bononcini, composer, dies at 36
1724 - Bartolomeu de Gusmão, Portuguese naturalist (b. 1685)
1771 - Giuseppe de Majo, composer, dies at 73
1785 - Louis Philip I, Duke of Orléans, French soldier and writer (b. 1725)
1797 - Jacques-Alexandre Laffon de Ladebat, French shipbuilder and merchant (b. 1719)
1814 - William Jessop, British civil engineer (b. 1745)
1822 - Anton Teyber, composer, dies at 66
1822 - George Knowil Jackson, composer, dies at 65
1827 - Wilhelm Hauff, writer, dies at 24
1841 - Georg Chistoph Grosheim, composer, dies at 77
1851 - Ernst August, duke of Cumberland/king of Hanover (1837-51), dies at 80
1852 - Anton Bernhard Furstenau, composer, dies at 60
1854 - Edward Forbes, English Naturalist and pioneer in the field of biogeography, dies of an illness at 39
1883 - Wilhelm Siemens, German/British physicist (steam engine), dies
21st US President Chester A. Arthur21st US President Chester A. Arthur (1886) 1886 - Chester A. Arthur, 21st US president (1881-85), dies at 56
1887 - Eduard Marxsen, composer, dies at 81
1887 - Gustav T Fechner, German psychologist/physicist, dies at 86
1887 - Heinrich Panofka, German violist/composer, dies at 80
1889 - William Allingham, Irish poet (Day & Night Songs), dies at 68
1904 - Justus van Maurik, cigar manufacturer/author/head of Red Guard, dies
1911 - Alfred Binet, French child psychologist, dies
1917 - Henry Spiekman, social-democratic politician, dies at 43
1918 - Reggie Schwartz, cricketer (55 wickets for South Africa), dies
1919 - Ferdinand Domela Newenhouse, anarchist (free socialist), dies
1922 - Marcel Proust, French author (Recherche du Temps Perdu), dies at 51
1929 - Henricus Van de Wetering, archbishop Utrecht (1895-1929), dies at 78
1941 - Walter H Nernst, German chemist (Nobel Prize 1920), dies at 77
1941 - Chris Watson, third Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1867)
1941 - Émile Nelligan, Quebec poet (b. 1879)
1946 - Donald Meek, Scotland, actor (Stage Fair, Stagecoach), dies at 86
1946 - John King, cricketer (scored 60 & 4 in only Test Eng v Aus 1909), dies
1950 - Gerardus van de Lion, Dutch minister of Education, dies at 60
1951 - John H Van Maarseveen, Dutch minister of Justice, dies at 57
1951 - Vaclav Kalik, composer, dies at 60
1951 - William Henry Bennett Vodery, composer, dies at 66
1952 - Paul Eluard, French communist/poet, dies at 56
1958 - Sivert Samuelson, cricketer (one Test South Africa v England 1910), dies
1962 - Luc Haesaerts, Flemish art critic (Flandre), dies at 63
Nobel Prize Winning Physicist Niels BohrNobel Prize Winning Physicist Niels Bohr (1962) 1962 - Niels Bohr, Danish physicist (atom, Nobel 1922), dies at 77
1965 - Henry A Wallace, VP (1941-45)/founder (Progressive Party), dies at 77
1966 - Bela Tardos, composer, dies at 56
1966 - Jean Peugeot, French auto manufacturer, dies
1968 - Walter Wanger, US producer (Cleopatra), dies at 74
1969 - Joseph P Kennedy, JFK/RFK/TMK father, dies in Hyannis Port Mass, at 81
1969 - Leon Jongen, composer, dies at 85
1969 - Ted Heath, British musician and bandleader (b. 1902)
1970 - Hal Dickinson, singer (Modernaires), dies at 56
1971 - Junior Parker, rocker, dies during brain operation at 44
Patriarch of the Kennedy family Joseph P. KennedyPatriarch of the Kennedy family Joseph P. Kennedy (1969) 1972 - Danny Whitten, rocker, dies of a drug overdose
1972 - Segundo Luis Moreno Andrade, composer, dies at 90
1976 - Man Ray, US artist (Dada), dies at 86
1977 - Victor Francen, actor (J'Acusse, San Antonio), dies at 89
1977 - Kurt Schuschnigg, Austrian politician (b. 1897)
1978 - Jim Jones, US pastor, leader of Jonestown Cult, commits suicide at 47
1978 - Leo J Ryan, (Rep-Cal) & 4 killed in Jonestown, Guyana by members of Peoples Temple, followed by ritual mass suicide of 914 members
1979 - Freddie Fitzsimmons, baseball player (b. 1901)
1980 - Conn Smythe, NHL coach 1927-1931 (b. 1895)
1982 - Donald Dillaway, actor (Min & Bill, Platinum Blonde), dies at 78
Founder of the Peoples Temple cult Jim JonesFounder of the Peoples Temple cult Jim Jones (1978) 1982 - H Kipphardt, writer, dies at 60
1984 - Mary Hamman, American writer and editor (b. 1907)
1986 - Gia Carangi, American model (AIDS) (b. 1960)
1987 - Jacques Anquetil, French cyclist (5x Tour de France), dies at 53
1989 - Henry de Vries, painter/poet (Toovertuin), dies
1990 - Peter Schilperoort, saxophonist/clarinetist, dies
1991 - Gustav Husak, president of Czechoslovakia (1975-89), dies at 78
1992 - Dorothy Kirsten, US soprano, dies from stroke at 82
1992 - Herman Musaph, psychiatrist/sexologist/co-founder (NVSH), dies
1992 - Superman, fictional character, killed by Doomsday at 54
1993 - Fritz Feld, actor (Errand Boy, Promises Promises), dies at 93
1994 - Cab[ell] Calloway, US band leader/actor (Missourians), dies at 86
1994 - Chris Joyce, photographer, dies at 51
1994 - Michael [George] Somes, English dancer (Royal Ballet), dies at 77
1995 - Miron Grindea, literary editor, dies at 86
1995 - Ted Sannella, square dance caller, dies of cancer
1996 - David Herbert, publisher, dies at 69
1996 - John Vassall, spy/civil servant, dies at 72
1999 - Paul Bowles, American novelist (b. 1910)
1999 - Doug Sahm, American musician (b. 1941)
2002 - James Coburn, American actor (b. 1928)
2003 - Michael Kamen, American composer (b. 1948)
2004 - Cy Coleman, American composer, songwriter and pianist (b. 1929)
2005 - Harold J. Stone, American actor (b. 1911)
2009 - Red Robbins, American basketball player (b. 1944)
2010 - Brian G. Marsden, British astronomer (b. 1937)
2012 - Elena Donaldson-Akhmilovskaya, Russian Woman Grandmaster of chess, dies from brain cancer at 55

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