This Day in History for 18th November

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 180

326 - Old St. Peter's Basilica is consecrated. Stood 4th - 16th century. Replaced by current St Peter's Basilica in Rome.
794 - Japanese emperor Kammu deallocates residence of Nara to Kioto
1105 - Maginulf elected anti-Pope Silvester I
1210 - Pope Innocent III excommunicates Roman Catholic Emperor Otto IV
1307 - William Tell reputedly shoots apple off his son's head
1421 - Southern sea floods 72 villages, killing estimated 10,000 in Netherlands
1424 - Storm flood ravages Dutch coast
1477 - 1st English dated printed book "Dictes & Sayengis of the Phylosophers" by William Caxton
1494 - French King Charles VIII occupies Florence
1497 - Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama reached the Cape of Good Hope
1626 - St. Peter's Basilica is consecrated. Replaced an earlier basilica. Largest Christian basilica
1667 - Treaty of Bongaja: King Hassan-Udin of Makasar & VOC
1686 - Charles Francois Felix operates on King Louis XIV of France's anal fistula after practising the surgery on several peasants.
French Enlightenment Philosopher VoltaireFrench Enlightenment Philosopher Voltaire 1718 - Voltaire's "Oedipe" premieres in Paris
1738 - France & Austria sign peace
1742 - Prussia & Brtain sign anti-French military covenant
1745 - Bonnie Prince Charlie's troops occupy Carlisle
1755 - Worst quake in Mass Bay area strikes Boston; no deaths report
1776 - Hessians capture Ft Lee, NJ
1787 - 1st Unitarian minister in US ordained, Boston
1803 - Battle of Vertieres, in which Haitians defeat French
1804 - Palver Purim 1st celebrated to commemorate miraculous escape
1805 - 30 women meet at Mrs Silas Lee's home in Wiscasset, Maine, organizes Female Charitable Society, first woman's club in America
1820 - Antarctica sighted by US Navy Capt Nathaniel B Palmer
1833 - Netherlands & Belgium sign Treaty of Zonhoven
Naturalist Charles DarwinNaturalist Charles Darwin 1835 - -20] Charles Darwin travels to Tahiti
1852 - State funeral of Duke of Wellington (St Paul's Cathedral, London)
1852 - Rose Philippine Duchesne dies in St. Charles, Missouri. She would be canonized on July 3, 1988 by Pope John Paul II.
1865 - Mark Twain publishes "Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County"
1871 - American suffragette Susan B Anthony arrested after voting on the 5th November in Rochester NY
1874 - National Woman's Christian Temperance Union organizes in Cleveland
1883 - Antonin Dvorák's "Husitska" premieres
1883 - Standard time zones forms by railroads in US & Canada
Author Mark TwainAuthor Mark Twain 1889 - Oahu Railway begins public service in Hawaii
1893 - Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Providentissimus Deus
1894 - 1st newspaper Sunday color comic section published (NY World)
1894 - 1st comic strip "Origin of a New Species" by Richard Outcault
1899 - Trumper scores 208 in 185 mins (1 five 25 fours) NSW v Qld
1901 - The USA and Great Britain sign the Second Hay-Pauncefote Treaty, or Interoceanic Ship Canal Treaty
1902 - Brooklyn toymaker Morris Michton names teddy bear after US President Teddy Roosevelt
1903 - Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty gives US exclusive canal rights in Panama
1904 - General Esteban Huertas steps down after the government of Panama fears he wants to stage a coup.
Playwright George Bernard ShawPlaywright George Bernard Shaw 1905 - George Bernard Shaw's "Major Barbara" premieres in London
1905 - Prince Carl of Denmark becomes King Haakon VII of Norway
1906 - Langdon Mitchells "New York Idea" premieres in NYC
1909 - US invades Nicaragua, later overthrows Pres Zelaya
1911 - Britain's 1st seaplane flies
1911 - Opera "Lobetanz" 1st American performance
1913 - Lincoln Deachey performs 1st airplane loop-the-loop (San Diego)
1916 - General Douglas Haig finally calls off 1st Battle of the Somme (WWI) - over 1 million killed or wounded
1917 - Sigma Alpha Rho, a Jewish high school fraternity, is founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
1918 - Brussels free Stofnar
1918 - Latvia declares independence from Russia
1919 - H Tierney & J McCarthy's musical "Irene," premieres in NYC
1920 - Apollo Theater (Academy, Bryant) opens at 221 W 42nd St NYC
1922 - Turkish National Assembly nominates Abdul Medjid kalief
1926 - Pope Pius XI encyclical On persecution of Church in Mexico
Animator Walt DisneyAnimator Walt Disney 1928 - Walt Disney's Mickey Mouse appears in NY in "Steamboat Willie"
1929 - Dr Vladimir K Zworykin demonstrates "kinescope"
1929 - Large earthquake in Atlantic breaks transatlantic cable in 28 places
1929 - Stalin routes troops to Manchuria
1930 - Musical "Smiles" with Bob Hope and Fred Astaire premieres in NYC
1930 - Sjostakovitch' opera "The Nose" premiers in Lenningrad
1930 - Sōka Kyōiku Gakkai, a Buddhist association later renamed Soka Gakkai, is founded by Japanese educators Tsunesaburo Makiguchi and Josei Toda.
1932 - "Flowers & Trees" receives 1st Academy Award for a cartoon
Actor and Dancer Fred AstaireActor and Dancer Fred Astaire 1932 - 1st tie for Best Actor Academy Award Wallace Beery & Fredric March
1932 - 5th Academy Awards - "Grand Hotel," Fredric March, Wallace Beery & Helen Hayes wins
1936 - Germany & Italy recognized Spanish government of Francisco Franco
1936 - Main span of Golden Gate Bridge joined
1938 - Trade union members elect John L. Lewis as the first president of the Congress of Industrial Organizations.
1939 - Neth KNSM passenger ship Simon Bolivar hits German mine, 86 die
1940 - George Matesky, New York City's Mad Bomber places his first bomb at a Manhattan office building used by Consolidated Edison.
Spanish Dictator and General Francisco FrancoSpanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco 1941 - British troops open attack on Tobruk, North Africa
1941 - Jerome Chodorov/Joseph Fields' "Junior Miss," premieres in NYC
1941 - Mussolini's forces leave Abyssinia/Ethiopia
1942 - Thornton Wilders "Skin of our Teeth," premieres in NYC
1943 - 1st US ambassador to Canada, Ray Atherton, nominated
1943 - 444 British bombers attack Berlin
1943 - U-211 sinks in Atlantic Ocean
1945 - Arnold Schoenberg's Prelude for orchestra & mixed choir, premieres
1949 - NL batting leader (.342) Jackie Robinson wins NL MVP
1950 - South Korea President Syngman Rhee forced to end mass executions
1951 - "See it Now" premieres on TV
First President of South Korea Syngman RheeFirst President of South Korea Syngman Rhee 1951 - British troops occupy Ismailiya Egypt
1951 - Former Cubs 1st baseman & future TV star of Rifleman Chuck Connors is 1st player to oppose the major league draft
1953 - Anti-Revolutionary Party (ARP) accept female suffrage
1954 - Yanks trade Woodling, Byrd, McDonald, Triandos, Miranada & Smith to Orioles for Turley, Larsen & Hunter as part of an 18 player deal
1955 - Bell X-2 rocket plane taken up for 1st powered flight
1956 - Morocco gains independence
1957 - Tunisia refuses Russian weapons
1958 - 1st true reservoir in Jerusalem opens
1958 - Indians minority stockholders sell their stock to William Delay
1959 - Wash Senator Bob Allison wins AL Rookie of Year
1960 - Charlie Finley makes a bid to purchase expansion LA Angels
1960 - Copyright office issues its 10 millionth registration
1961 - "Gay Life" opens at Shubert Theater NYC for 113 performances
1961 - "Kwamina" closes at 54th St Theater NYC after 32 performances
35th US President John F. Kennedy35th US President John F. Kennedy 1961 - JFK sends 18,000 military advisors to South Vietnam
1961 - US Ranger 2 launched to Moon; failed
1963 - Bell Telephone introduces push button telephone

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 220

1522 - Lamoral, Count of Egmont, Flemish general and statesman (d. 1568)
1527 - Luca Cambiaso, Italian painter/sculptor
1630 - Eleanor Gonzaga, Empress of the Holy Roman Empire (d. 1686)
1680 - Jean-Baptiste Loeillet, composer
1727 - Philibert Commerçon, French naturalist (d. 1773)
1736 - Carl Friedrich Christian Fasch, composer
1742 - Felix Maximo Lopez, composer
1772 - Louis Ferdinand, Prince of Prussia Christian, composer
1774 - Wilhelmine of Prussia, Queen of the Netherlands (d. 1837)
1781 - Felice Blangini, composer
1785 - David Wilkie, British artist (d. 1841)
1786 - Henry Rowley Bishop, British composer/conductor
1786 - Carl Maria von Weber, Germany, romantic composer (Der Freischutz), [or 19]
Abolitionist and Women's Rights Advocate Sojourner TruthAbolitionist and Women's Rights Advocate Sojourner Truth (1787) 1787 - Sojourner Truth [Isabella Baumfree], Swartekill, New York, US abolitionist/feminist
1787 - Louis-Jacques Daguerre, Cormeilles-en-Parisis France, inventor and photographer (d. 1851)
1803 - Cornelius Broere, Dutch priest/poet
1804 - Alfonso Ferrero la Marmora, Italian general and statesman (d. 1878)
1808 - Antoine-Amable-Elie Elwart, composer
1810 - Asa Gray, Sauquoit NY, botanist (Flora of North America)
1810 - Benjamin Stone Roberts, Bvt Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), died in 1875
1812 - Jesse Johnson Finley, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1904
1824 - Franz Sigel, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1902
Photographer and Inventor Louis-Jacques DaguerrePhotographer and Inventor Louis-Jacques Daguerre (1787) 1824 - Isham Nicholas Hayne, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1868
1832 - Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld, Swedish explorer (d. 1901)
1835 - Americus Vespucius Rice, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1904
1835 - Cesare Lombroso, Italian psychiatrist/criminologist
1836 - William Schwenck Gilbert, London, English dramatist, librettist, poet and illustrator (Gilbert & Sullivan)
1839 - August A Kundt, German physicist (sound vibration, test of Kundt)
1845 - John F Mellaerts, Flemish social worker (1st Belgian farm gilde)
1846 - Aloys, Liechtenstein nobleman/politician
1856 - Nikolai Nikolaevich Romanov, Grand Duke of Russia (d. 1929)
Panist, Composer and Polish Prime Minister Ignacy Jan PaderewskiPanist, Composer and Polish Prime Minister Ignacy Jan Paderewski (1860) 1860 - Ignacy Jan Paderewski, composer/1st premier of Poland (1919-20)
1861 - Dorothy Dix, pseudonym of US journalist Elizabeth Meriwether Gilmer (d. 1951)
1863 - Richard Dehmel, writer
1869 - James E Sullivan, founder (Amateur Athletic Union)
1871 - Amadeo Vives, composer
1874 - Carrie White, oldest US woman (dies Nov 1990 at 116)
1874 - Clarence Shepard Day, NYC, author (Life with Father)
1874 - Riccardo Martin, composer
1877 - Arthur C Pigou, English economist (Wealth & welfare)
1881 - Percy Lesueur, hockey player/inventor (large goalie glove)
1882 - Amelita Galli-Curci, Italy, operatic soprano (Cave of the Winds)
1882 - Jacques Maritain, France, Catholic philosopher (exponent of St Thomas)
1882 - Wyndham Lewis, English author/painter (Tarr, Apes of God)
1883 - Carl Vinson, U.S. Congressman (d. 1981)
1888 - Frances Marion, SF CA, screenwriter/actress (Pollyanna)
1889 - Maria Realino, [Frederikus Janssen], teacher (Botany of Curacao)
1895 - Ernst Levy, composer
1897 - Jules Buffano, St Louis Mo, pianist (Jimmy Durante Show)
1897 - Patrick M S Blackett, British physicist (nuclear reaction, Nobel 1948)
1898 - Joris Ivens, Nijmegen Netherlands, director (Rain)
1898 - Oswald Erich Sehlbach, composer
1899 - Eugene Ormandy, [Blau], Budapest Hungary, conductor (Phila Orch)
1900 - Constantin Alajalov, Russia, artist (Ditters & Jitters)
1900 - Howard Thurman, theologian/author (Deep River, Deep in the Hunger)
Inventor of the Gallup Poll George GallupInventor of the Gallup Poll George Gallup (1901) 1901 - George Gallup, Jefferson Iowa, public opinion pollster (Gallup Poll)
1902 - Barbara Giuranna, composer
1902 - Jorgen Nielsen, Danish author (regional novels)
1903 - Lillian Fuchs, composer
1904 - Guido Santorsola, composer
1904 - Theodore DN Besterman, British bibliographer
1904 - Jean Paul Lemieux, Quebec painter (d. 1990)
1906 - George Wald, US, physiologist/biologist (eye, Nobel 1967)
1906 - Klaus Mann, German/US author (Mephisto)/son of Thomas Mann
1906 - Alec Issigonis, Greek-British car designer (d. 1988)
1907 - Halldis Vesaas-Moren, Norwegian author/poetess
Scientist George WaldScientist George Wald (1906) 1907 - Compay Segundo, Cuban musician (Buena Vista Social Club) (d. 2003)
1908 - Imogene Coca, Phila, comedienne (Your Show of Shows, Grindl)
1909 - Johnny Mercer, Savannah Ga, lyricist (Moon River, Old Black Magic)
1910 - Friedrich Weinreb, Polish/Neth theologist/economist
1911 - Attilio Bertolucci, Italian poet and writer (d. 2000)
1912 - Arthur Peterson, Mandan ND, actor (Major-Soap, Crisis)
1912 - Jaap Meijer, [Saul van Messel], Dutch historian/rabbi in Paramaribo
1915 - Ken Burkhart, American baseball player and umpire (d. 2004)
Songwriter Johnny MercerSongwriter Johnny Mercer (1909) 1916 - James L Lyons, jazz promoter
1918 - Tasker Watkins, Welsh World War II hero (d. 2007)
1919 - Jocelyn Brando, San Francisco, actress (Ugly American)
1920 - Alfred William Bedford, test pilot
1920 - Louis Alfred Mennini, composer
1920 - Mustafa Khalil, Prime Minister of Egypt (d. 2008)
1921 - Peter Pocklington, NHL team owner (Edmonton Oiler)
1922 - Luis Somoza Debayle, president of Nicaragua (1956-63)
1922 - Marjorie Gestring, US, springboard diver (Olympic-gold-1936)
1922 - Viktor Afanasiev, editor (Pravda)
1922 - Al Dvorin, American Elvis Presley concert announcer (d. 2004)
1923 - Alan B Shepard Jr, East Derry NH, Rear Adm USN/astro (Merc 3, Ap 14)
1923 - Ted Stevens, American politician
1924 - Alexander Mackenzie Stuart, Scottish jurist (d. 2000)
1925 - Alex Macintosh, broadcaster/actor (Hell Fight)
1925 - William Robert Mayer, composer
1926 - Dorothy Collins, Windsor Ontario, singer (Your Hit Parade)
1926 - Kim Besly, activist
1926 - Estanislao Basora, Catalonia, Spain, footballer (The Monster of Colombes, 22 caps for Spain, 301 matches for Barcelona), (d. 2012)
1927 - Lawrence Kenneth Moss, composer
1927 - Hank Ballard, American musician (d. 2003)
1928 - Mickey Mouse, cartoon strip
1928 - Otar Gordeli, Georgian composer
1929 - William Joseph "Pete" Knight, astronaut/test pilot (X-15)
1932 - Nasif Estéfano, Argentine racing driver {d. 1973)
1933 - Jacques Charpentier, composer

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 9 of 9

Businessman and restaurateur Colonel SandersBusinessman and restaurateur Colonel Sanders (1948) 1948 - KFC founder Colonel Sanders (58) weds his long-time employee Claudia Price
1952 - "Rock Around The Clock" rock and roll pioneer Bill Haley (27) weds Barbara Cupchak
1962 - Singer Barry White (18) weds childhood sweetheart Betty Smith
1966 - MLB baseball player Hank Greenberg (55) weds actress Mary Jo Tarola
1966 - Writer Jack Kerouac (44) weds Stella Kerouac
2000 - "Queen" guitarist Brian May (53) weds "EastEnders" actress Anita Dobson (51) in a civil ceremony at Richmond Register Office
2000 - Actress Catherine Zeta Jones (31) weds actor/producer Michael Douglas (56) at the Plaza Hotel in New York City
Actor Tom CruiseActor Tom Cruise (2006) 2006 - American film actor and producer Tom Cruise (44) weds actress Katie Holmes (27) at Odescalchi Castle in Bracciano, Italy
2010 - Cricketer Glenn McGrath (40) weds interior designer Sara Leonardi in Cronulla, New South Wales

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 92 of 92

942 - Odo van Cluny, 2nd abbott of Cluny (924-42), dies
1154 - Adélaide de Maurienne, wife of Louis VI of France (b. 1092)
1170 - Albrecht I "Bear", 1st margrave of Brandenburg (1150-70), dies at 70
1305 - John II, Duke of Brittany (b. 1239)
1559 - Cuthbert Tunstall, English churchman (b. 1474)
1590 - George Talbot, 6th Earl of Shrewsbury, English statesman (b. 1528)
1603 - Elisabeth van Nassau, daughter of Juliana, dies at 61
1630 - Esaias van der Velde, Dutch painter, buried
1678 - Giovanni Maria Bononcini, composer, dies at 36
1724 - Bartolomeu de Gusmão, Portuguese naturalist (b. 1685)
1771 - Giuseppe de Majo, composer, dies at 73
1785 - Louis Philip I, Duke of Orléans, French soldier and writer (b. 1725)
1797 - Jacques-Alexandre Laffon de Ladebat, French shipbuilder and merchant (b. 1719)
1814 - William Jessop, British civil engineer (b. 1745)
1822 - Anton Teyber, composer, dies at 66
1822 - George Knowil Jackson, composer, dies at 65
1827 - Wilhelm Hauff, writer, dies at 24
1841 - Georg Chistoph Grosheim, composer, dies at 77
1851 - Ernst August, duke of Cumberland/king of Hanover (1837-51), dies at 80
1852 - Anton Bernhard Furstenau, composer, dies at 60
1883 - Wilhelm Siemens, German/British physicist (steam engine), dies
21st US President Chester A. Arthur21st US President Chester A. Arthur (1886) 1886 - Chester A. Arthur, 21st US president (1881-85), dies at 56
1887 - Eduard Marxsen, composer, dies at 81
1887 - Gustav T Fechner, German psychologist/physicist, dies at 86
1887 - Heinrich Panofka, German violist/composer, dies at 80
1889 - William Allingham, Irish poet (Day & Night Songs), dies at 68
1904 - Justus van Maurik, cigar manufacturer/author/head of Red Guard, dies
1911 - Alfred Binet, French child psychologist, dies
1917 - Henry Spiekman, social-democratic politician, dies at 43
1918 - Reggie Schwartz, cricketer (55 wickets for South Africa), dies
1919 - Ferdinand Domela Newenhouse, anarchist (free socialist), dies
1922 - Marcel Proust, French author (Recherche du Temps Perdu), dies at 51
1929 - Henricus Van de Wetering, archbishop Utrecht (1895-1929), dies at 78
1941 - Walter H Nernst, German chemist (Nobel Prize 1920), dies at 77
1941 - Chris Watson, third Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1867)
1941 - Émile Nelligan, Quebec poet (b. 1879)
1946 - Donald Meek, Scotland, actor (Stage Fair, Stagecoach), dies at 86
1946 - John King, cricketer (scored 60 & 4 in only Test Eng v Aus 1909), dies
1950 - Gerardus van de Lion, Dutch minister of Education, dies at 60
1951 - John H Van Maarseveen, Dutch minister of Justice, dies at 57
1951 - Vaclav Kalik, composer, dies at 60
1951 - William Henry Bennett Vodery, composer, dies at 66
1952 - Paul Eluard, French communist/poet, dies at 56
1958 - Sivert Samuelson, cricketer (one Test South Africa v England 1910), dies
1962 - Luc Haesaerts, Flemish art critic (Flandre), dies at 63
Nobel Prize Winning Physicist Niels BohrNobel Prize Winning Physicist Niels Bohr (1962) 1962 - Niels Bohr, Danish physicist (atom, Nobel 1922), dies at 77
1965 - Henry A Wallace, VP (1941-45)/founder (Progressive Party), dies at 77
1966 - Bela Tardos, composer, dies at 56
1966 - Jean Peugeot, French auto manufacturer, dies
1968 - Walter Wanger, US producer (Cleopatra), dies at 74
1969 - Joseph P Kennedy, JFK/RFK/TMK father, dies in Hyannis Port Mass, at 81
1969 - Leon Jongen, composer, dies at 85
1969 - Ted Heath, British musician and bandleader (b. 1902)
1970 - Hal Dickinson, singer (Modernaires), dies at 56
1971 - Junior Parker, rocker, dies during brain operation at 44
Patriarch of the Kennedy family Joseph P. KennedyPatriarch of the Kennedy family Joseph P. Kennedy (1969) 1972 - Danny Whitten, rocker, dies of a drug overdose
1972 - Segundo Luis Moreno Andrade, composer, dies at 90
1976 - Man Ray, US artist (Dada), dies at 86
1977 - Victor Francen, actor (J'Acusse, San Antonio), dies at 89
1977 - Kurt Schuschnigg, Austrian politician (b. 1897)
1978 - Jim Jones, US pastor, leader of Jonestown Cult, commits suicide at 47
1978 - Leo J Ryan, (Rep-Cal) & 4 killed in Jonestown, Guyana by members of Peoples Temple, followed by ritual mass suicide of 914 members
1979 - Freddie Fitzsimmons, baseball player (b. 1901)
1980 - Conn Smythe, NHL coach 1927-1931 (b. 1895)
1982 - Donald Dillaway, actor (Min & Bill, Platinum Blonde), dies at 78
Founder of the Peoples Temple cult Jim JonesFounder of the Peoples Temple cult Jim Jones (1978) 1982 - H Kipphardt, writer, dies at 60
1984 - Mary Hamman, American writer and editor (b. 1907)
1986 - Gia Carangi, American model (AIDS) (b. 1960)
1987 - Jacques Anquetil, French cyclist (5x Tour de France), dies at 53
1989 - Henry de Vries, painter/poet (Toovertuin), dies
1990 - Peter Schilperoort, saxophonist/clarinetist, dies
1991 - Gustav Husak, president of Czechoslovakia (1975-89), dies at 78
1992 - Dorothy Kirsten, US soprano, dies from stroke at 82
1992 - Herman Musaph, psychiatrist/sexologist/co-founder (NVSH), dies
1992 - Superman, fictional character, killed by Doomsday at 54
1993 - Fritz Feld, actor (Errand Boy, Promises Promises), dies at 93
1994 - Cab[ell] Calloway, US band leader/actor (Missourians), dies at 86
1994 - Chris Joyce, photographer, dies at 51
1994 - Michael [George] Somes, English dancer (Royal Ballet), dies at 77
1995 - Miron Grindea, literary editor, dies at 86
1995 - Ted Sannella, square dance caller, dies of cancer
1996 - David Herbert, publisher, dies at 69
1996 - John Vassall, spy/civil servant, dies at 72
1999 - Paul Bowles, American novelist (b. 1910)
1999 - Doug Sahm, American musician (b. 1941)
2002 - James Coburn, American actor (b. 1928)
2003 - Michael Kamen, American composer (b. 1948)
2004 - Cy Coleman, American composer, songwriter and pianist (b. 1929)
2005 - Harold J. Stone, American actor (b. 1911)
2009 - Red Robbins, American basketball player (b. 1944)
2010 - Brian G. Marsden, British astronomer (b. 1937)
2012 - Elena Donaldson-Akhmilovskaya, Russian Woman Grandmaster of chess, dies from brain cancer at 55

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