This Day in History for 21st November

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 153

164 BC - Judas Maccabaeus, son of Mattathias of the Hasmonean family, restores the Temple in Jerusalem. This event is commemorated each year by the festival of Hanukkah.
235 - St Anterus begins his reign as Catholic Pope
695 - Pope Sergius names Willibrord as Archbishop Clemens of Friezen
1272 - Following Henry III of England's death on November 16, his son Prince Edward becomes King of England.
1317 - Frederik of Sierck/Zyrick becomes bishop of Utrecht
1620 - Pilgrim Fathers reach America: Provincetown Harbor, Mass
1620 - Mayflower Compact signed by Pilgrims in Cape Cod, [O.S. Nov 11]
1654 - Richard Johnson, a free black, granted 550 acres in Virginia
1696 - J Vanbrughes "Relapse or Virtue in Danger," premieres in London
1729 - Netherlands signs Treaty of Seville
1759 - Battle at Maxen: Prussian army surrenders to Austrians
1783 - Pilstre de Rozier & Marquis d'Arlandes make 1st free balloon flight
US President & General Andrew JacksonUS President & General Andrew Jackson 1787 - Andrew Jackson admitted to bar
1789 - North Carolina ratifies constitution, becomes 12th US state
1791 - Colonel Napoléon Bonaparte is promoted to full general and appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Armies of the French Republic.
1794 - Honolulu Harbor discovered
1806 - Decree of Berlin: Emperor Napoleon I bans all trade with England
1813 - Stettin surrenders to allied armies
1818 - Russia's Czar Alexander I petitions for a Jewish state in Palestine
1824 - 1st Jewish Reform congregation forms, Charleston, SC
1834 - HMS Beagle anchors at Bay of San Carlos, Chile
French Emperor Napoléon BonaparteFrench Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte 1837 - Thomas Morris of Australia skips rope 22,806 times
1847 - Steamer "Phoenix" is lost on Lake Michigan, kills 200
1848 - Alfred de Musset's "Andre del Sarto," premieres in Paris
1848 - Cincinnati Turngemeinde founded
1849 - Friedrich Hebbel's "Der Rubin," premieres in Vienna
1852 - Duke U, founded in 1838 as Union Institute chartered as Normal College
1864 - -22] Battle at Griswoldville, Georgia
1865 - Shaw University forms in Raleigh NC
1871 - Moses F Gale patents a cigar lighter (NYC)
1871 - The 1st human cannonball, Emilio Onra, is shot
1876 - Skirmish between HM Stanley's expedition & natives
1877 - Tom Edison announces his "talking machine" invention (phonograph) - first machine to play and record sound
1880 - Henry Stanley & Pierre de Brazza quarrel about possession of Congo
1895 - Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Bruce Partington Plans" (BG)
1901 - Richard Strauss' opera "Feuersnot," premieres in Dresden
1902 - 1st night football game, Phila Athletics beats Kanaweola AC, 39-0
1902 - Baseball's Phila Athletics & Phillies form pro football teams, joining Pitts Stars in 1st attempt at a National Football League
1902 - The Canadian government appoints a commission to consider revising, classifying, and consolidating the many public statutes passed over the years
1905 - 1st game ever played in the Australian Tennis Open
1906 - China prohibits opium trade
1914 - Billy Mallett of Hamilton Tigers kicks 9 singles in a game
1914 - British army conquerors Bazra
1916 - HMHS Britannic sinks in the Aegean Sea after a mine explodes, killing 30 people.
Marxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader Vladimir LeninMarxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader Vladimir Lenin 1917 - M Gorki calls Lenin a blind fanatic/unthinking adventurer
1918 - 2 German ammunition trains explode in Hamont Belgium, 1,750 die
1918 - Polish soldiers organize a pogrom against Jews of Galicia Poland
1920 - Karel Capék's "Vec Makropulos," premieres in Prague
1920 - Mussolini's squad begins terror, 11 die in Bologna Italy
1921 - The trial of the accused of the Bulhoek Massacre commences in South Africa
1922 - Rebecca L Felton (Ga) sworn in as 1st female US Senator
1924 - British premier Baldwin cancels Labor contract with USSR
NFL halfback Red GrangeNFL halfback Red Grange 1925 - Red Grange plays final Univ of Illinois game, signs with Chicago Bears
1933 - 1st US ambassador to USSR, W.C. Bullitt, begins service
1934 - "Uiver" returns from Schiphol in London-Melbourne air race
1934 - NY Yankees buy Joe DiMaggio from SF Seals (Pacific Coast League)
1935 - 1st commercial crossing of Pacific by plane (China Clipper)
1935 - Jean Giraudoux' "La Guerre de Troie n'Aura," premieres in Paris
1937 - Dmitri Shostakovitch's 5th Symphony premieres in Lenningrad
Baseball Player Joe DiMaggioBaseball Player Joe DiMaggio 1938 - -24] Belgian king Leopold III visits Netherlands
1938 - Nazi forces occupy western Czech & declared them German citizens
1940 - Nazi occupiers forbid building schools in Netherlands
1942 - Hitler names fieldmarshal Erich von Manstein commander of the newly-created Army Group Don (Heeresgruppe Don)
1942 - Tweety Bird, aka Tweety Pie, debuts in "Tale of Two Kitties"
1943 - 7 Belgian ministers in London sentence King Leopold III
1944 - Personnel & executive staff of Philips demonstrate for more food
1945 - Benjamin Britten's 2nd String quartet in C, premieres
1945 - General Motors workers go on strike
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf HitlerDictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler 1946 - Georgi Dimitrov elected premier of Bulgaria
1946 - Harry Truman becomes 1st US president to travel in a submerged sub
1947 - Bill Longson beats Lou Thesz in St Louis, to become wrestling champ
1949 - Bill Veeck sells Indians for $22 million
1952 - 1st US postage stamp in 2 colors (rotary process) introduced
1952 - Dodgers pitcher Joe Black wins NL Rookie of Year
1953 - WKJG TV channel 33 in Ft Wayne, IN (NBC) begins broadcasting
1953 - Authorities at the British Natural History Museum announce the "Piltdown Man" skull, one of the most famous fossil skulls in the world, is a hoax.
1955 - Argentina asks Panama for return of ex-president Peron
1955 - KTVO TV channel 3 in Ottumwa-Kirksville, IA (ABC) begins broadcasting
1956 - Don Newcombe, wins NL MVP & 1st-ever Cy Young Award
37th US President Richard Nixon37th US President Richard Nixon 1959 - Jack Benny (violin) & Richard Nixon (piano) play their famed duet
1960 - Bob Scheffing signs to manage Tigers after Casey Stengel turns it down
1962 - The Chinese People's Liberation Army declares a unilateral cease-fire in the Sino-Indian War.
1963 - JFK flies to Texas
1964 - "Something More!" closes at Eugene O'Neill Theater NYC after 15 perfs
1964 - "Zizi" opens at Broadway Theater NYC for 49 performances
1964 - Pope Paul VI signs 3rd sitting of 2nd Vatican council
1964 - World's longest suspension bridge "Verrazano Narrows" opens (NYC)
35th US President John F. Kennedy35th US President John F. Kennedy 1965 - 1st freighter arrives in Ashdod Port Israel
1965 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1966 - Dutch government of Zijlstra forms
1967 - Phillip & Jay Kunz fly a kite a record 28,000 feet
1967 - Vietnam War: American General William Westmoreland tells news reporters: "I am absolutely certain that whereas in 1965 the enemy was winning, today he is certainly losing."
1968 - Cin trades shortstop Leo Cardenas to Twins for pitcher Jim Merritt
1968 - Supremes & Temptations release "I'm Gonna Make You Love Me"
1969 - KXIX (now KVCT) TV channel 19 in Victoria, TX (ABC) 1st broadcast
1969 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1970 - NY Knicks 1st game against Cleve Cavalier, Knicks win 102-94 at Madison Square Garden
1971 - NY Rangers scores a NHL record 8 goals in 1 period
1971 - Richard Baker becomes teacher of SF Zen Center
1971 - Indian troops partly aided by Mukti Bahini (Bengali guerrillas) defeat the Pakistan army in the Battle of Garibpur.

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 209

1495 - John Bale, England, bishop/anti-catholic playwright (Kynge Johan)
1561 - Carolus Scribani, Italian/Flemish jesuit/author
1567 - Anne de Xainctonge, French saint (d. 1621)
1637 - Catharina Questiers, Dutch poetess (Friend of Abandoned Child)
1645 - Johann Lohner, composer
1683 - Johann Michael Muller, composer
1692 - Carlo Fragoni, Italy, poet
1694 - Voltaire, [Francois-Marie Arouet], France, writer, essayist, philosopher and playwright (Candide) (d. 1778)
French Enlightenment Philosopher VoltaireFrench Enlightenment Philosopher Voltaire (1694) 1724 - John Ekels, the Old, Amsterdam painter/cartoonist
1729 - Josiah Bartlett, US physician/judge/signer (Decl of Independence)
1742 - Alessandro Felici, composer
1761 - Dorothy Jordan, British actress (d. 1816)
1768 - Friedrich Schleiermacher, German theologist/philosopher
1785 - William Beaumont, Lebanon, Connecticut, surgeon (Father of gastric physiology), (d. 1853)
1787 - Samuel Cunard, founder (1st regular Atlantic steamship line)
1811 - Zeng Guofan, Chinese military (d. 1872)
1817 - Richard Brooke Garnett, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1863
1824 - Hieronymus Theodor Richter, Dresden, German Mineralogist and co-discoverer of the element indium
Surgeon William BeaumontSurgeon William Beaumont (1785) 1828 - William McComb, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1918
1829 - Peter A de Genestet, Dutch vicar/poet
1831 - John Franklin Miller, Bvt Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), died in 1886
1834 - henrietta (Hetty) Green, New Bedford, Massachusetts, financier (Witch of Wall Street), (d. 1916)
1834 - Joseph Jackson Bartlett, Bvt Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), died in 1893
1840 - Victoria, Empress of Germany/Queen of Prussia
1851 - Desire J Mercier, Belgian philosopher/cardinal
1852 - Francisco Tarrega y Eixea, composer
1853 - Hussain Kamil, sultan of Egypt (1914-17)
1854 - Benedict XV, [Giacomo PGB marques della Chiessa], 258th Pope (1914-22)
Old West Lawman, Outlaw and Bounty Hunter Tom HornOld West Lawman, Outlaw and Bounty Hunter Tom Horn (1860) 1860 - Tom Horn, Scotland County Missouri, American gunman and outlaw
1861 - Joao da Cruz, Brazilian poet
1863 - Arthur Quiller-Couch, [Q], editor (Oxford Book of English Verse)
1863 - Mina Dilis-Beersmans, Flemish actress/wife of John Dilis (Poppenhuis)
1867 - Vladimir N Ipatiev, Russian chemist
1870 - Joe Darling, cricketer (Australian lefty batsman at turn of century)
1870 - Stanley Jackson, cricketer (captain of England, governor of Bengal)
1870 - Sigfrid Edström, Swedish sports official (d. 1964)
1871 - Panayot Pipkov, composer
1877 - Louis Campbell-Tipton, composer
1877 - Sigfrid Karg-Elert, composer (d. 1933)
1878 - Gustav Radbruch, German lawyer/minister of Justice
1880 - Franz Hessel, writer
1886 - Harold G Nicolson, English diplomat/author (Good Behaviour)
1894 - Corinne Griffith, Texarkana TX, actress (3 Hours, Lilies of Field)
1897 - Mollie Steimer anarchist agitator (d. 1980)
1898 - René Magritte, Belgian surrealistic painter (This is Not a Pipe)
1900 - Alice Calhoun, Cleveland OH, Silent film actress (Flowing Gold)
1900 - Jobyna Ralston, South Pittsburgh TN, actress (For Heaven's Sake)
1902 - Michail A Suslov, Russian party ideologist [OS=Nov 8]
1902 - Foster Hewitt, Canadian radio pioneer (d. 1985)
1904 - Coleman Hawkins, virtually created tenor saxophone for jazz
1905 - David Moule-Evans, composer
1907 - Charles Korvin, Czechoslovakia, actor (Berlin Express, Ship of Fools)
1907 - Jim Bishop, author (The Day Lincoln was Shot)
1907 - M Eleonore Lippits, 1st Dutch female missionary doctor
1908 - Elizabeth George Speare, American author (d. 1994)
1912 - Anne Bolt, photo-journalist/trade unionist
1912 - Eleanor Powell, Springfield Mass, actress/tap dancer (Bdwy Melody)
1913 - Roy Boulting, British film director (d. 2001)
1916 - Cecilia P J "Cilly" Bach, Dutch/US/Spanish actress (In Pyama)
1916 - Esmond Kentish, cricketer (WI fast bowler in 2 Tests 1948 & 1954)
1916 - Sid Luckman, NFL QB (Chicago Bears)
1917 - Sem Presser, Dutch press photographer
1919 - Steve Brodie, El Dorado Kansas, actor (Life & Legend of Wyatt Earp)
1920 - Ralph Meeker, Minneapolis MN, actor (Anderson Tapes, Night Stalker)
MLB Legend Stan MusialMLB Legend Stan Musial (1920) 1920 - Stan Musial, Donora Pennsylvania, MLB outfielder (St Louis Cardinal, 7 times NL bat champ)
1921 - Geza Anda, Hungarian/Swiss pianist (Mozart/Bartok)
1921 - Vivian Blaine, Newark NJ, actress (Guys & Dolls, Skirts Ahoy)
1922 - Maria Casares, La Coruna Spain, French actress (Orpheus, Lectrice)
1922 - Abe Lemons, American basketball coach
1924 - Christopher Tolkien, British author
1925 - Johan "Poncke" Princen, KNIL-defector/civil rights in Djakarta
1927 - Joseph Campanella, NYC, actor (Dr Steffen-The Nurses, Lou-Mannix)
1927 - Georgia Frontiere, co-owner of the St. Louis Rams (d. 2008)
1929 - Marilyn French, US author (The Women's Room)
1929 - Laurier LaPierre, Canadian journalist, broadcaster and senator
1931 - Malcolm Williamson, composer
1931 - Revaz Dogonadze, Georgian scientist (d. 1985)
1932 - Jim Ringo, NFL center (Green Bay, Philadelphia)
1932 - Pelle Gudmundsen-Holmgreen, composer
1933 - Frank Brake, English multi-millionaire
1933 - Henry Hartsfield Jr, Birmingham Ala, astro (STS-4, STS 41-D, STS 61A)
1933 - Jean Shepard, Pauls Valley Oklahoma, country singer (Ozark Jubilee)
1933 - Joseph Campanella, American actor
1934 - Laurence Luckinbill, Ft Smith Ark, actor (Delphi Bureau, Ike)
1934 - Peter Philpott, cricketer (NSW & Australian leg spinner 1965-66)
1935 - Fairuz, Lebanese singer
1936 - James DePreist, Philadelphia Penn, American conductor (Mitropolos 1964)
1936 - Victor Chang, Australian physician (d. 1986)
1937 - Marlo Thomas, [Mrs Phil Donahue], Detroit Mich (That Girl!, Jenny)
1938 - Robert Drivas, [Choromokos], Chicago, actor (Our Private World)
1939 - Rick Lenz, Springfield Ill, actor (Hec Ramsey, Scandalous John)
1939 - Budd Dwyer, American politician (d. 1987)
1939 - Mulayam Singh Yadav, Indian politician
1940 - Dr. John [Rebennack], New Orleans, Louisiana, American vocalist (I Was in Right Place)
1940 - Javed Akhtar, cricketer (Pakistani off-spinner took 0-52 in 1962 Test)
1940 - Natalia Makarova, Leningrad, ballerina (Kirov)/defected 1970
1940 - Richard Marcinko, American author
1941 - David Porter, US songwriter (Soul Man)
1941 - George Morren, Flemish painter/sculptor
1941 - Juliet Mills, London England, actress (Nanny & the Professor, QB VII)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 4 of 4

1983 - NY Ranger Ron Greschner marries model Carol Alt
Actor Ed HarrisActor Ed Harris (1983) 1983 - Actor Ed Harris (33) weds actress Amy Madigan (33)
1987 - Actress Demi Moore weds actor Bruce Willis at The Little White Chapel in Las Vegas
2013 - Actress Jennifer Love Hewitt (34) weds actor Brian Hallisay (34)

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 107

496 - Pope Gelasius I, Catholic Pope, of Berber extraction
1361 - Philip I, Duke of Burgundy (plague) (b. 1346)
1481 - Ikkyu Sojun, Zen head of Daitokuji temple, dies in Kyoto, Japan at 87
1555 - Georg Agricola, [Bauer], German mineralogist (zinc), dies at 61
1566 - Annibale Caro, Italian poet (b. 1507)
1579 - Thomas Gresham, English merchant and financier
1580 - Willem Van Hoorn, baron of Heze, governor of Brussels, executed
1610 - Benedict van Canfield, [William Fish], English missionary, dies
1652 - Jan Brożek, Polish mathematician, physician, and astronomer (b. 1585)
1695 - Henry Purcell, English composer (Indian Queen), dies at 36
1710 - Barnardo Pasquini, composer, dies at 72
1728 - Fjodor M graaf Apraksin, Russian gen-admiral, dies at about 57
1730 - François de Troy, French portrait artist
1775 - John Hill, British writer
1811 - Heinrich W von Kleist, German playwright, dies at 34
1813 - William Russell, composer, dies at 36
1817 - Richard B Garnett, killed during Pickett's Charge, Brig Gen
1844 - Ivan Krylov, Russian fabulist (b. 1769)
1863 - Joseph Mayseder, composer, dies at 74
1870 - Karel J Erben, Czech poet (Ruiker), dies at 69
1875 - Friedrich A Lange, philosopher/socialist (Neo-Kantianism), dies at 67
1881 - Ami Boué, Austrian geologist (b. 1794)
1882 - Sergei G Netsjajev, Russian nihilist, dies at 35
1899 - Garret Augustus Hobart, 24th VP, dies
1900 - J J Ferris, cricketer (48 wickets for Aust in 8 Tests in 1880's), dies
1907 - Gaetano Braga, composer, dies at 78
1907 - Harry Boyle, round-arm cricket bowler (12 of Aust's early Tests), dies
1916 - Franz Jozef I, King of Austria/Hungary, dies
1920 - Caryl Florio, composer, dies at 77
1920 - William James Robjohn, composer, dies at 77
1922 - Ricardo Flores Magón, Mexican anarchist (b. 1874).
1924 - Florence Harding, American First Lady (b. 1860)
1928 - Hermann Sudermann, German author (Frau Sorge), dies
1932 - Vito Pardo, Italian sculptor (Columbus monument Argentina), dies
1938 - Leopold Godowsky, pianist/composer, dies at 68
1940 - Geoffrey Legge, cricketer (WWII 196 Eng v NZ Auckland 1930), dies
1941 - Juanita Spellini, first women executed in Calif
1941 - Henrietta Vinton Davis American elocutionist, dramatist, impersonator, public speaker (b. 1860)
South African Premier J. B. M. HertzogSouth African Premier J. B. M. Hertzog (1942) 1942 - J. B. M. Hertzog [Barry Hertzog], South African Premier (1914-39), dies at 76
1945 - Robert Benchley, US humorist (My 10 years in a quandary), dies at 56
1952 - Henriette Roland Holst-de Schalk, marxist author, dies at 82
1952 - William Green, union chairman (AFL 1924-52), dies at 79
1953 - Larry Shields, American jazz clarinetist (b. 1893)
1954 - Karol Rathaus, composer, dies at 59
1954 - Werner Elert, German Lutheran theologian, dies at 69
1957 - Francis Burton Harrison, American political figure (b. 1873)
1958 - Mel Ott, NY Giant baseball star (1926-1947), dies at 49
1959 - Max Baer, US, heavyweight boxing champ (1934), dies at 49
1959 - Max Baer, American boxer (b. 1909)
1963 - Luis Cernuda, Spanish poet (Perfil del Aire), dies at 61
1963 - Pierre Blanchar, actor (Man From Nowhere), dies at 71
1963 - Robert Stroud, "bird man of Alcatraz", dies
1967 - Florence Reed, actress (Black Panther Club), dies after illness at 84
1967 - C. M. Eddy, Jr., American writer (b. 1896)
1969 - Mutesa II of Buganda, President of Uganda (1924)
1970 - Newsy Lalonde, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1887)
1970 - Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman, Indian physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1888)
1973 - Thomas Pelly, American politician (b. 1902)
1974 - Frank Martin, Swiss composer (In Terra Fax), dies at 84
1975 - G Gunnarsson, writer, dies at 86
1976 - Niles Welch, actor (Cornered), dies at 88
1980 - Jim Parks Sr, Kent cricket all-rounder (only Test for England), dies
1981 - Harry Von Zell, TV announcer (Burns & Allen), dies at 75
1982 - Lee Patrick, actress (Henrietta-Topper, Maltese Falcon), dies at 75
1982 - John Hargrave, British Social Credit advocate (b. 1894)
1985 - Ramnath Kenny, cricketer (5 Tests for India 1958-60), dies
1986 - Jerry Colonna, actor (Jerry Colonna Show), dies at 82
1986 - Marcelino Sanchez, American actor (b. 1957)
1986 - Dar Robinson, American film stuntman (b. 1947)
1987 - James E Folsom, (Alabama-Gov, 1947-51, 1955-59), dies at 79
1988 - Carl Hubbell, American baseball player (b. 1903)
1990 - Dean Hart, Canadian professional wrestler (b. 1954)
1991 - Daniel Mann, US director (Rose tattoo), dies of heart failure at 79
1991 - David "Sonny" Werblin, AFL owner (NY Jets), dies at 81
1991 - Prior Jones, West Indian cricket pace bowler (9 Tests 1948-52), dies
1991 - Sonny Werblin, NY sports impresario, dies at 81
1992 - Kaysone Phomvihane, PM of Laos (1975-91), dies
1992 - Severino Gazzelloni, Italian flautist, dies
1993 - Christopher Frank, director/actor (Annee Des Meduses), dies at 50
1993 - Emile Ardolino, director (Sister Act), dies of AIDS at 50
1993 - Jim McLaughlin, Buffalo radio newsman (WKBW), dies at 59
1994 - Manfred Longer, Austrian/Dutch gay disco owner, dies at 42
1995 - Dorothy Jeakins, costume designer, dies at 81
1995 - George Ivan Smith, diplomat, dies at 80
1995 - Peter Grant, rock band manager, dies at 60
1995 - Smilin' Jim Eames, singer/songwriter, dies at 71
1995 - Noel Jones, British diplomat (b. 1940)
1996 - Bernard William George Rose, organist, dies at 80
1996 - Edward George Edwards, chenist, dies at 82
1996 - Virginia Downing, actress (Gig, Butterfield 8), dies at 92
1997 - Ismail Fahmi, external minister of Egypt in (1973-77), dies
1999 - Quentin Crisp, British writer, raconteur and actor (b. 1908)
2001 - Salahuddin of Malaysia, King of Malaysia (b. 1926)
2002 - Hadda Brooks, American jazz singer, pianist, and composer (b. 1916)
2005 - Alfred Anderson, last Scottish World War I (and Christmas Truce) veteran (b. 1896)
2005 - Hugh Sidey, American journalist (b. 1927)
2006 - Pierre Amine Gemayel, Lebanese Cabinet minister (assassinated) (b. 1972)
2006 - Robert Lockwood Jr., American blues guitarist (b. 1915)
2007 - Fernando Fernán Gómez, Spanish actor, director, academic and playwright (b. 1921)
2007 - Tom Johnson, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1928)

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