This Day in History for 23rd November

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 184

800 - Charlemagne arrives at Rome to investigate the alleged crimes of Pope Leo III.
1165 - Pope Alexander III returns from exile to Rome
1227 - Polish Prince Leszek I the White is assassinated at an assembly of Piast dukes at Gąsawa.
1248 - Conquest of Seville by the Christian troops under King Ferdinand III of Castile.
1334 - St Clemens Flood: Dike breaks at Flemish/Zeeuwse/Dutch coast
1499 - Flemish pretender to the English throne Perkin Warbeck hanged for reportedly attempting to escape from Tower of London. Invaded England in 1497, claiming to be the lost son of King Edward IV
1556 - King Philip II confers with Dutch financial experts
1577 - Water Geuzen under capt Slope enter Amsterdam
1584 - English parliament expels Jesuits
1644 - Areopagitica, a pamphlet decrying censorship, written by John Milton is published.
Mathematician, Physicist, and Philosopher Blaise PascalMathematician, Physicist, and Philosopher Blaise Pascal 1654 - French mathematician, scientist, and religious philosopher Blaise Pascal experiences an intense, mystical vision that marks him for life.
1700 - Cardinal Francesco Albani elected Pope Clemens XI
1705 - Nicholas Rowe's "Ulysses" premieres in London
1744 - English premier John Carteret resigns
1765 - People of Frederick County Md refuse to pay England's Stamp tax
1783 - Annapolis Maryland, becomes US capital (until June 1784)
1832 - French take Antwerp in liberation of Belgium
1834 - Hector Berlioz's "Harold in Italy" premieres
1835 - Henry Burden patents Horseshoe manufacturing machine (Troy NY)
1844 - Independence of the Duke of Schleswig-Holstein from Denmark.
1848 - Female Medical Educational Society forms in Boston
1852 - Just past midnight, a sharp jolt causes Lake Merced to drop 30' (9m)
1863 - Battle of Chattanooga & Orchard Knob, TN begins
1863 - Patent granted for a process of making color photographs
1864 - -25] Battle at Ball's Ferry Georgia (30 casualties)
1867 - The Manchester Martyrs were hanged in Manchester, England for rescuing two Irish men from jail.
1868 - Louis Ducos du Hauron patents trichrome color photo process
1869 - In Dumbarton, Scotland, the clipper Cutty Sark is launched - one of the last clippers ever to be built, and the only one still surviving to this day.
1871 - Railway bridge over Dutch Deep opens
1876 - Columbia, Harvard & Princeton form Intercollegiate Football Association
1885 - Amsterdam police attack meeting of social-democrats united
1887 - Notre Dame loses its 1st football game 8-0 to Michigan
1887 - Opera "Trumpeter of Säckingen" 1st American production (NYC)
1889 - Debut of 1st jukebox (Palais Royale Saloon, San Francisco)
1890 - King William III of the Netherlands dies (b. 1817) without a male heir and a special law passed to allow his daughter Princess Wilhelmina to inherit.
1890 - General elections in Italy.
1892 - Battle of Lomani Congo: Belgian unit beats Arabs, 1000-3000 killed
1892 - P de Coubertin launches plan for Modern Olympic Games
1897 - Andrew J Beard invents "jerry coupler" to connect railroad cars
1897 - Pencil sharpener patented by J L Love
1899 - Battle at Belmont, Cape colony: general Methuen beats Farmers
1903 - Enrico Caruso US debut (Metropolitan Opera House, NY) in "Rigoletto"
1903 - Colorado Governor James Peabody sends the state militia into the town of Cripple Creek to break up a miners' strike.
1904 - 3rd Olympic games close in St Louis
1905 - Henry Watson Furness, an Indiana physican, named minister of Haiti
1906 - Joseph Smith, leader of the Mormon Church, convicted of polygamy
1909 - 7.17" (18.2 cm) of rainfall, Rattlesnake Creek, Idaho (state rec)
1909 - Wright Brothers forms million dollar corp to manufacture airplanes
1911 - Post Hospital at Presidio, SF renamed Letterman General Hospital
1912 - Hamilton Alerts suspended by ORFU for refusing to field a full team in a replay of a protested game
1913 - Jim Larkin and James Connolly establish the Irish Citizens Army in order to protect strikers
1914 - The US Army retreats from Mexico.
1915 - On the Tigris River in Mesopotamia, the Battle of Ctesiphon between Allied and Turkish forces enters its second day
1921 - Pres Harding signs Willis Campell Act (anti-beer bill) forbidding doctors prescribing beer or liquor for medicinal purposes
1923 - German army commander Gen Von Seeckt bans NSDAP & KPD
1923 - Germany's Stresemann government falls to SPD
1926 - Noel Coward's "This Was a Man" premieres in NYC
1930 - NY Giant Hap Moran runs 91 yards for a TD from a scrimmage
1931 - Nationally Crisis Committee forms in Hague
1934 - An Anglo-Ethiopian boundary commission in the Ogaden discovers an Italian garrison at Walwal, which lay well within Ethiopian territory. This leads to the Abyssinia Crisis.
1936 - 1st issue of Life, picture magazine created by Henry R Luce is published
1937 - Clifford Odets' "Golden Boy" premieres in NYC
1937 - Emile Janson becomes Belgian premier
Author John SteinbeckAuthor John Steinbeck 1937 - John Steinbeck's "Of Mice & Men" premieres in NYC
1939 - Nazi Gov of Poland Hans Frank requires Jews to wear a blue star
1940 - 1st edition of illegal "The Truth" publishes
1940 - Romania signs Driemogendheden pact
1940 - SD arrested resistance fighter Bernard Iron wire
1941 - German troops conquer Klin, at NW of Moscow
1942 - 3rd & 5th Romanian army corp surrenders
1942 - Coast Guard Woman's Auxiliary (SPARS) authorized
1942 - Col-gen Von Paul asks Hitler to surrender
1942 - German 4th & 6th Army surrounded at Stalingrad
1942 - Japans bombing of Port Darwin, Australia
1942 - Poon Lim set adrift for 133 days after his boat is torpedoed
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf HitlerDictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler 1942 - Russian 21st Army recaptures Kalatsj at Don
1942 - Steward Poon Lim begins floating in a raft 133 days
1943 - 1st printing of illegal "Warheid"
1943 - British Forces Broadcasting Service begins operation
1943 - US forces take control of Tarawa, Gilbert Island & Makin from Japanese
1943 - Phils owner William D Cox is permanently banned from baseball for having bet on his own team
1944 - US 7th army under Gen Patch conquers Straatsburg
1945 - Most US wartime rationing of foods, including meat & butter, ends
1946 - "Gypsy Lady" closes at Century Theater NYC after 79 performances
1946 - 34th CFL Grey Cup: Toronto Argonauts defeats Winn Blue Bombers, 28-6
1946 - French Navy fire in Haiphong Vietnam, kills 6,000
1946 - The Workers Party of South Korea is founded.
1947 - French government of Schumann forms
American Football Player and Coach Sammy BaughAmerican Football Player and Coach Sammy Baugh 1947 - Washington Redskin Sammy Baugh passes for 6 touchdowns vs Chi Cards (45-21)
1948 - Dr Frank G Back (NYC) patents lens to provide zoom effects
1950 - Howard Swanson's "Short Symphony" premieres
1953 - KVFD (now KTIN) TV channel 21 in Ft Dodge, IA (NBC) 1st broadcast
1953 - WJBF TV channel 6 in Augusta, GA (ABC) begins broadcasting
1954 - For the first time, the Dow Jones Industrial Average closes above the peak it reached just before the 1929 crash.
1955 - British transfer Cocos (Keeling) Is in Indian Ocean to Australia
1959 - "Fiorello!" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 796 performances
1960 - Dodgers outfielder Frank Howard is voted NL Rookie of Year
1960 - Tinseltown dedicated its Walk of Fame at Hollywood Blvd & Vine St
1960 - Tiros 2, a weather satellite is launched
1962 - Dodgers shortstop Maury Wills is named NL's MVP

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 240

912 - Otto I, the Great, German king, Holy Roman emperor (962-73)
1221 - Alfonso X (the Wise), king of Castile & Leon (1252-84)
1402 - Jean de Dunois, French soldier (d. 1468)
1417 - William FitzAlan, 16th Earl of Arundel, English politician (d. 1487)
1553 - Prospero Alpini, Italy, botanist/physician (De Medocoma Aegyptorum)
1616 - John Wallis, English mathematician/cryptographer (product of Wallis)
1632 - Jean Mabillon, French palaeographer and diplomat (d. 1707)
1641 - Anthonie Heinsius, Dutch statesman (d. 1720)
1669 - Johann K Amman, Swiss/Dutch deaf-mute teacher (Surdus Loquens)
1690 - Ernst J earl van Biron, Russian duke of Koerland/regent of Ivan VI
1705 - Thomas Birch, English historian (d. 1766)
1715 - Pierre Charles Le Monnier, French astronomer (d. 1799)
1719 - Spranger Barry, Irish actor (d. 1777)
1748 - Etienne Joseph Floquet, composer
1749 - Edward Rutledge, (Gov-SC)/attorney/signer (Decl of Independence)
1760 - Gracchus Babeuf, French utopian socialist (Tribun du Peuple)
1765 - Thomas Attwood, composer
1785 - Joannes P Roothaan, 1st Dutch general of the Jesuits (1829-53)
1794 - Joan F Van Oordt, vicar (Groninger direction)
1797 - Gabor Matray, composer
1800 - Michail P Pogodin, Russian historian/author (Povesti)
14th US President Franklin Pierce14th US President Franklin Pierce (1804) 1804 - Franklin Pierce, Hillsboro NH, (D) 14th Pres (1853-1857)
1809 - Horatio Phillips Van Cleve, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
1815 - William Dennison, postmaster/general (Union), died in 1882
1819 - Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss, Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), died in 1901
1819 - Josiah Dwight Whitney, Northampton Massachusetts, American Geologist who led the California Geological Survey (Mount Whitney and Whitney Glacier are named for him)
1820 - John Willis Ellis, Governor (Confederacy) died in 1861
1820 - Isaac Todhunter, British mathematician (d. 1884)
1821 - Charles Meryon, British/French etcher
1826 - Agustin Bethencourt, Venezuela publisher on Curacao
1830 - Kaspar CE Ritter von Zumbusch, German/Austria sculptor
Physicist/Nobel Laureate Johannes van der WaalsPhysicist/Nobel Laureate Johannes van der Waals (1837) 1837 - Johannes van der Waals, Leiden, Netherlands, physicist (Nobel 1910, Liquid & Gas States), (d. 1923)
1842 - James Lillywhite Jr, cricketer (1st England Test captain)
1843 - Josef Sucher, composer
1858 - Frank Hearne, cricketer (bro of George & Alec, Eng & S Afr)
1859 - Billy the Kid, [William H Bonney], NYC, frontier outlaw, (d. 1881)
1860 - Karl Branting, Sweden, statesman/diplomat (Nobel Peace Prize 1921)
1861 - Konstantin Korovin, Russian painter (d. 1939)
1862 - Alberto Williams, Buenos Aires Argentina, composer (Etrerno Reposo)
Frontier Outlaw Billy the KidFrontier Outlaw Billy the Kid (1859) 1862 - Theo van Rysselberghe, Belgian painter (pointillism)
1864 - Henry Bourne Joy, American automobile executive (d. 1936)
1869 - Valdemar Poulsen, Danish engineer (d. 1942)
1875 - Anatoly Lunacharsky, Russian literary critic and politician (d. 1933)
1876 - Manuel de Falla, Spanish composer (d. 1946)
1878 - Andre Caplet, composer
1878 - Ernest J King, US fleet admiral/Chief of Naval Operations (WW II)
1878 - Holcombe Ward, tennis champ (US Open-1904)
1879 - Andre Caplet, French composer/conductor (Conte Fantastic)
1882 - Johan C T Kikkert, Dutch painter/etcher/critic
1883 - Herman Baccaert, Flemish philological/writer (Along the water front)
1883 - Jose Clemente Orozco, Mexico, painter (Epic of Culture in New World)
1887 - Boris Karloff, [William H Pratt], Dulwich England, actor (Frankenstein)
1887 - Paul Malengreau, composer
1887 - Eduardo Corrochio, Spanish-born dancer (d. 1943)
1887 - Henry Moseley, English physicist (d. 1915)
1888 - Harpo Marx, [Adolph] NYC, actor/comedian (Marx brothers)
1888 - Nana Bryant, Cincinnati OH, actress (Ladies of the Chorus)
1889 - Harry Sunderland, Australian rugby league identity (d. 1964)
1890 - El Lissitzky, Russian artist and architect (d. 1941)
1892 - Erté, French artist (d. 1990)
1893 - Jimmy Blanckenberg, cricket pace bowler (took 60 wickets for South Africa)
1894 - Ture Persson, Sweden, sprinter (Olympic-silver-1912)
1896 - Joris Vriamont, Flemish author/music publisher
1896 - Klement Gottwald, premier/president of Czechoslovakia (1946-53)
1896 - Ruth Etting, US dancer/singer/actress (Roman scandals)
1897 - Nirad C. Chaudhuri, Indian writer (d. 1999)
1897 - Karl Gebhardt, Nazi doctor (d. 1948)
1899 - Norman Hunter, writer
1902 - Aaron Bank, American OSS officer and founder of the US Army Special Forces (d. 2004)
1906 - Mervyn Roberts, composer
1907 - Lars Leksell, Swedish physician (d. 1986)
1908 - Leendert P J Braat, Dutch sculptor/screenwriter
1908 - Nelson S. Bond, American science fiction writer (d. 2006)
1909 - Nigel Tranter, author/historian (River Realm, Robert the Bruce)
1910 - Hal Schumacher, baseball player
1911 - Peter Saunders, English theater producer (Legend of the Werewolf)
1912 - Det Glynn, teacher/anti-apartheid activist
1912 - George O'Hanlon, American actor (d. 1989)
1914 - [Arthur] Wilson "Bob" Tucker, US, sci-fi author (Time Masters)
1914 - Roger Avon, Durham actor (d. 1998)
1915 - Ellen Drew, [Terry Ray], Kansas City Mo, actress (Isle of Dead)
1915 - John Dehner, [Forkum], Staten Is NY, actor (Big Hawaii, Bare Essence)
1915 - Julio Cesar Mendez Montenegro, politician
1916 - Michael Gough, Kuala Lumpur, British Malaya, English actor (Search for the Nile)
1917 - George O'Hanlon, Brooklyn New York, American actor (Calvin-Life of Riley, George Jetson)
1917 - Hugh Joseph Charles James L'Etang, medical writer
1919 - Claudio Santoro, composer
1919 - Peter Strawson, English philosopher
1920 - Chalmers P Wylie, (Rep-R-OH, 1967- )
1920 - Herman Nieland, Dutch organist/pianist/composer (Te Deum Laudamus)
1920 - Paul Celan, [Antschell], German/Romanian poet (Collected Prose)
1920 - Wayne Thiebaud, American painter
1921 - Hein J Roethof, lawyer/Dutch MP (PvdA)
1921 - Fred Buscaglione, Italian singer and actor (d. 1960)
1922 - Manuel Fraga Iribarne, president of Spanish Galicia
1923 - Angelo John Novarese, record company founder
1923 - Guy Molinari, (Rep-R-NY, 1981- )
1923 - Nadia Gray, actress (Naked Runner, Maniac, Candide)
1923 - R. L. Burnside, American musician (d. 2005)
1923 - Daniel Brewster, American democrat (d. 2007)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 8 of 8

RAF Pilot Guy GibsonRAF Pilot Guy Gibson (1940) 1940 - RAF pilot Guy Gibson (22) weds show dancer and actress Eve Moore in Penarth’s Anglican Church
1955 - Physicist William Shockley (45) weds psychiatric nurse Emmy Lanning
1963 - "12 Angry Men" director Sidney Lumet (39) weds Lena Horne's daughter Gail Jones
1983 - "Ordinary People" actress Mary Tyler Moore (46) weds Dr. Robert Levine at the Pierre Hotel in New York City
1990 - Model Cheryl Tiegs marries actor Tony Peck
1996 - Actor and comedian Chris Rock (31) weds founder and executive director of StyleWorks Malaak Compton
2004 - "Penn and Teller" magician Penn Jillette (49) weds TV producer Emily Zolten at Viva Las Vegas Wedding Chapel in Las Vegas, Nevada
Actress Mary Tyler MooreActress Mary Tyler Moore (1983) 2007 - Actress and model Jaime King (28) weds director Kyle Newman (31) at Greystone Park and Manor in Los Angeles

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 127

615 - Columbanus, Irish monastery founder/poet/saint (Poenitentiale), dies
947 - Berthold, Duke of Bavaria
955 - Edred, King of England (b. c. 923)
1249 - Ajjoeb, sultan of Egypt, dies
1407 - Louis, duke of Orleans, murdered
1457 - Ladislaus V Posthumus, king of Hungary/Bohemia, dies at 17
1503 - Bona of Savoy, Italian noblewoman (b. 1449)
1503 - Margaret of York, wife of Charles I, Duke of Burgundy (b. 1446)
1558 - Charles, earl of Lalaing/land guardian of the Neth, dies at 52
1572 - Agnolo di Cosimo, Italian artist and poet (b. 1503)
1585 - Thomas Tallis, composer, dies
1613 - Charles Philip of Croij, marquis of Havre/earl of Fontenoy, dies at 64
1616 - Richard Hakluyt, English writer (b. 1552)
1682 - Claude Lorrain, French painter (b. 1604)
1709 - Hans Willem baron Bentinck, Dutch/English earl of Portland, dies at 60
1752 - Conrad Michael Schneider, composer, dies at 79
1763 - Friedrich Graf von Seckendorf, German soldier (b. 1673)
1769 - Constantine Mavrocordatos, Prince of Wallachia and Prince of Moldavia (b. 1711)
1783 - Yoriyuki Arima, Japanese mathematician (b. 1714)
1787 - Anton Schweitzer, composer, dies at 52
1803 - Roger Newdigate, British politician (b. 1719)
1804 - Richard Graves, British writer (b. 1715)
1807 - Jean-François Rewbell, French politician (b. 1747)
1814 - Elbridge Gerry, US merchant/signer (Decl of Independence), dies at 70
1848 - Alfred Julius Becher, composer, dies at 45
1853 - Francisco Andrevi y Castellar, composer, dies at 67
1853 - Johann Christian Friedrich Schneider, composer, dies at 67
1865 - Josef Leopold Zvonar, composer, dies at 41
1865 - René E de Russy, West Indian/US brig-general, dies at about 75
1872 - Ten Bears (Parra-Wa-Samen), US poet/Comanche chief, dies
1890 - Willem III, King of Netherland (1849-1890), dies at 73
1902 - Walter Reed, US bacteriologist (Yellow Fever), dies
1910 - Hawley H Crippen, doctor/murderer, executed
1911 - Bernard Tancred, cricketer (87 runs in 1888-89 South Africa v England), dies
1914 - Elbrige Gerry, VP (of Gerrymander fame), dies at 70
1916 - Eduard Napravnik, composer, dies at 77
1916 - Leonard Moon, cricketer (WW I 4 Tests for England 1905-06), dies
1920 - Mohammed ibn Addoellah, Somalian resistances leader "Mad Molla", dies
1923 - Urmuz, Romanian writer (b. 1883)
1926 - Frederic Ayers, composer, dies at 50
1927 - S Przybyszewski, writer, dies
1931 - Evert Cornelis, Dutch conductor/pianist, dies
1932 - Percy Pitt, composer, dies at 63
1934 - Giovanni Brunero, Italian cyclist (b. 1895)
1937 - Louis Victor Saar, composer, dies at 68
1937 - Jagdish Chandra Bose, Indian physicist (b. 1858)
1937 - George Albert Boulenger, Belgian naturalist (b. 1858)
1938 - August TC Kiehl, actor (Hope of Blessing), dies at 84
1940 - Catherina van Rennes, composer, dies at 82
1943 - Ernest Jones, cricketer ("Jonah" Gave WG's beard a close shave), dies
1946 - Fawzi Husseini, Arabic High Director for Palestine, murdered
1948 - Stanner E V Taylor, US director/writer (Lucky Jim, Ramona), dies at 71
1948 - Uzeir Abdul Huseyn Hajibeyov, composer, dies at 63
1948 - Hack Wilson, American baseball player (b. 1900)
1949 - Gustav Radbruch, German Min of Justice, dies
1952 - Aaro A Hellaakoski, Finnish geographer/poet, dies at 59
1952 - Albert van Raalte, conductor (Radio Philharmonic Orch), dies at 62
1956 - Jeanne Cappe, Belgian author (Tres Grand Cardinal), dies at about 61
1962 - Gloria Gordon, actress (My Friend Irma), dies at 81
1962 - Herman J Friedericy, Dutch author (Last General), dies at 62
1965 - Franc Debenham, Australian geographer/geologer, dies at 81
1966 - Seán T. O'Kelly, President of Ireland (b. 1882)
1967 - Freddie Martin, cricket WI batsman, (9 Tests 486 runs 1 century), dies
1970 - Yusuf Bin Ishak, president of Singapore 1965-70, dies at about 60
1971 - Lisle Nagel, Australian cricket opening bowler (1932), dies
1972 - Marie Wilson, actress (My Friend Irma), dies at 56
1973 - Claire Dodd, actress (Ex-Lady, In the Navy), dies after illness at 64
1973 - Constance Talmadge, US comedienne (Her Primitive Lover), dies at 75
1973 - Paul Newlan, actor (Capt Grey-M Squad), dies
1973 - Robert Ellis, actor (Curse of King Tut's Tomb), dies at 40
1973 - Sessue Hayakawa, actor (Tokyo Joe), dies of cerebral thrombosis at 83
1974 - Cornelius Ryan, war reporter/historian (Bridge too Far), dies at 54
1974 - Pall Isolfsson, composer, dies at 81
Novelist André MalrauxNovelist André Malraux (1976) 1976 - Andre Malraux, [Berger], author (Conquerors)/min of Culture, dies at 75
1979 - Merle Oberon, actress (Assignment Foreign Legion), dies at 68
1979 - Judee Sill, American musician and songwriter (b. 1944)
1980 - Herby Wade, cricketer (South African capt 10 Tests 1935-36), dies
1980 - Thien-an Thich, Zen teacher/Vietnamese Rinzai line, dies in LA at 54
1982 - "Reverend" Grady Nutt, actor (Hee Haw), dies at 47
1983 - Juhan Muks, Estonian artist (b. 1899)
1990 - Bo Diaz, catcher, crushed to death by a satellite dish at 37
1990 - Nguyen Van Tam, PM of Vietnam (1952-53), dies
1990 - Renate Rubinstein, author/columnist (Tamar), dies
Author Roald DahlAuthor Roald Dahl (1990) 1990 - Roald Dahl, British short story author (Sweet Mystery of Life), dies at 74
1991 - Ken Uehara, actor (Honolulu-Tokyo), dies of heart failure at 82
1991 - Klaus Kinski, actor (Android, Little Drummer Girl), dies at 65
1992 - Ray Acuff, country singer (Wahbash Cannonball), dies
1992 - Rita Corday, actress (Dick Tracy vs Cueball), dies at 68
1992 - Thelma Orloff, entertainer, dies of kidney failure at 76
1993 - Gerarda "Meik" Rueter, sculptor, dies at 89
1993 - Tatiana Nikolajeva, Russian pianist (Bach), dies at 69
1994 - Eldero L D Williams, tenor saxophonist, dies at 70
1994 - Erick Frederick Hawkins, US dancer/wed to Martha Graham, dies at 85
1994 - Tommy Boyce, US songwriter (Be My Guest), commits suicide at 55
1994 - William Donald Campbell, diarist/Ornithologist, dies at 89
1994 - Art Barr, American professional wrestler (b. 1966)
1995 - Frank Hammond, tennis umpire, dies of ALS at 66
1995 - Junior Walker, tenor saxophonist, dies of cancer at 64
1995 - Louis Malle, film director (Pretty Baby), dies at 63
1995 - Jr. Walker, American musician (b. 1931)

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