This Day in History for 8th November

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 157

392 - Roman Emperor Theodosius declares Christian religion, state religion
911 - Duke Koenraad I chosen German king
1322 - Pope John XXII names John van Diest, bishop of Utrecht
1494 - Uprising against Piero de' Medici in Florence Italy
1519 - 1st meeting of Moctezuma II & Hernán Cortés in Tenochtitlan, Mexico
1520 - Stockholm Bloodbath begins: A successful invasion of Sweden by Danish forces results in the execution of around 100 people.
1575 - French Roman Catholics & Huguenots signs treaty
1576 - Eighty Years' War: Pacification of Ghent - 17 Dutch provinces sign anti-Spanish covenant
1598 - Spanish troops under Bernardino de Mendoza conquer Doetinchem
1602 - The Bodleian Library at Oxford University is opened
Aztec Emperor Moctezuma IIAztec Emperor Moctezuma II 1620 - Battle of White Mountain, Prague
1627 - English fleet under George Villiers leaves Île de Ré
1658 - Battle of the Sound: Swedish fleet beats Dutch during 2nd Northern War
1701 - William Penn presents Charter of Priviliges
1731 - In Philadelphia, Benjamin Franklin opens 1st US library
1734 - Vincent la Chapelle, master cook to various nobility and royalty, forms Free Masons Lodge in Netherlands
1789 - Bourbon Whiskey, 1st distilled from corn (by Elijah Craig, Bourbon Ky)
1833 - Train derails at Hightstown NJ; 2 die
1837 - Mount Holyoke Seminary in Mass-1st US college founded for women
Author Victor HugoAuthor Victor Hugo 1838 - Victor Hugo's "Ruy Blas" premieres in Paris
1842 - Belgium King Leopold I proclaims child labor laws (for 1889)
1861 - Battle of Mount Ivy, KY
1861 - US removes Confederate officials from British steamer Trent
1864 - Abraham Lincoln (R) elected to his 2nd term as American President
1870 - Democratic governor elected in Tennessee
1880 - Sarah Bernhardt, French actress, made US debut at NY's Booth Theater
1883 - English freighter Nisero stranded at Atjeh (crew taken hostage)
US President Abraham LincolnUS President Abraham Lincoln 1884 - German government recognizes King Leopold II's Congo Free State
1889 - Montana admitted as 41st state of the Union
1892 - Grover Cleveland (D) elected 24th US President
1895 - German physicist Wilhelm Röntgen produces and detects electromagnetic radiation in a wavelength range today known as X-rays or Röntgen rays
1895 - Wilhelm Röntgen observes X-rays for the first time during an experiment at Würzburg University, Germany
1900 - Theodore Dreiser's novel "Sister Carrie" is published
1901 - Bloody clashes take place in Athens following the translation of the Gospels into demotic Greek.
1904 - American President Theodore Roosevelt (R) defeats Alton B Parker (D)
26th US President Theodore Roosevelt26th US President Theodore Roosevelt 1904 - Inventor and manufacturer Harvey Hubbell receives the first U.S. patent for a separable electric attachment plug
1907 - In a landmark decision for Australia, the Court of Conciliation and Arbitration rules that the Sunshine Harvester Work must pay 'fair and reasonable wages'
1910 - 1st Washington State election in which women could vote
1910 - For the first time since 1894, the US elects a Democratic Congress, including the first socialist ever to sit in Congress, Victor L Berger of Milwaukee
1910 - William H. Frost receives the first U.S. patent for an electrical insect destroyer
1917 - People's Commissars gives authority to Lenin, Trotsky & Stalin during October Revolution
1917 - Telephone Co runs 1st ad for Army operators, gets 7,000 applicants
Marxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader Vladimir LeninMarxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader Vladimir Lenin 1918 - Pro-German supreme commander general Cutters lay-offs
1920 - Actress Edna Lewis Thomas debuts at Putnam Theatre Brooklyn
1920 - Baseball meeting to depose Ban Johnson is set for Nov 12th
1923 - Hitler stages unsuccessful "Beer Hall Putsch" in Muenchen (Munich)
1924 - Austria chancellor Ignaz Seipel, resigns after assassination attempt
1924 - Fortune Theatre opens in London
1926 - George Gershwin's musical "Oh, Kay" premieres in NYC
1928 - George & Ira Gershwin's musical "Treasure Girl" premieres in NYC
1929 - Jean Giraudoux' "Amphitryon '38" premieres in Paris
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf HitlerDictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler 1930 - Friedrich Wolf's "Die Matrosen von Cattaro" premieres in Berlin
1932 - "Make Mine Music" debuts
1932 - Franklin Roosevelt (D) elected 32nd President for 1st time
1933 - FDR creates Civil Works Administration
1934 - Ford Frick, NL publicity director, is named league president
1937 - The Nazi exhibition Der ewige Jude ("The Eternal Jew") opens in Munich.
1938 - 1st black woman legislator, Crystal Bird Fauset of Phila
1938 - A pogrom against the Jews of Germany and Austria takes place in response to the assassination of a German diplomat in Paris.
32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt 1939 - Failed assassination attempt on Hitler in Burgerbraukeller, Munich
1939 - H Lindsay & R Crouse' "Life with Father" premieres in NYC
1940 - RAF bombs Munich
1941 - The Albanian Communist Party is founded.
1942 - 1st WW II American expeditionary force lands in Africa (Gold Coast)
1942 - Hitler proclaims fall of Stalingrad from Munich beer hall
1942 - Operation Torch; began as US and British forces under Eisenhower land in French North Africa
1942 - Vichy-France drops diplomatic relations with US
1943 - France arrests government of Lebanon after they abolish the French mandate
1944 - 25,000 Hungarian Jews are loaned to Nazis for forced labor
1944 - Last German troops at Walcheren surrenders
1945 - "Girl from Nantucket" opens at Adelphi Theater NYC for 12 performances
1945 - Riverboat sinks off Hong Kong; kills 1,550
Writer Jean-Paul SartreWriter Jean-Paul Sartre 1946 - Jean-Paul Sartre's "La Putain Respecteuse" premieres in Paris
1947 - Bradman scores his 99th 1st-class cricket century, 100 SA v Victoria
1950 - 1st jet-plane battle ever, in Korean War
1950 - Boston Red Sox 1B Walt Dropo wins AL Rookie of Year
1950 - Walt Dropo of Boston Red Sox selected AL Rookie of Year
1951 - NY Yankee Catcher Yogi Berra wins 1st of his 3 MVP awards
1953 - Salazar's party wins all parliamentary seats in Portugal
1954 - AL approves Philadelphia A's move to Kansas City
1956 - UN demands USSR leave Hungary
MLB Catcher and Manager Yogi BerraMLB Catcher and Manager Yogi Berra 1957 - Great Britain performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island
1958 - "Maria Golovin" closes at Martin Beck Theater NYC after 5 performances
1959 - KJTV (now KGET) TV channel 17 in Bakersfield, CA (NBC) 1st broadcast
1959 - Tunisian president Habib Bourguiba's Nes Destour party wins every seat
1960 - JFK (Sen-D-Mass) beats VP Richard Nixon (R) to become 35th US president
1961 - Whitey Ford is voted Cy Young Award winner over Warren Spahn
1962 - Canada government orders changing nickel back to round shape
MLB Pitcher Whitey FordMLB Pitcher Whitey Ford 1964 - IMF grants Great Britain credit of $1 billion
1964 - KUPK TV channel 13 in Garden City, KS (ABC) begins broadcasting
1964 - Mickey Wright wins LPGA Tall City Golf Open
1964 - Orioles Frank Robinson unanimous choice as AL MVP
1965 - "Days of Our Lives" premieres on TV
1965 - British Indian Ocean Territory formed
1966 - Edward W Brooke (Rep-R-Mass) becomes 1st black elected to Senate
1966 - Frank Robinson selected AL MVP
1966 - Movie actor Ronald Reagan elected Governor of California
1966 - President Lyndon B. Johnson signs anti-trust immunity to AFL-NFL merger
36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson 1967 - 1st local British radio station begins broadcasting (Radio Leicester)
1967 - Silver hits record $1.951 an ounce in London

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 232

30 - Nerva, Narni, Roman Emperor (96-98)
1342 - Julian of Norwich, English saint (d. 1416)
1431 - vlad III the Impaler, Wallachian prince (d. 1476)
1491 - Teofilo Folengo, Italian poet (d. 1544)
1572 - Johan Sigismund, elector of Brandenburg/duke of Prussia
1590 - Francesco Gonzaga, composer
1592 - Domenico Mazzocchi, composer
1622 - Galenus Abrahamsz de Haen, Dutch baptist pastor (Lambs' War)
Wallachian Prince Vlad the ImpalerWallachian Prince Vlad the Impaler (1431) 1622 - Karl X Gustaf, King of Sweden (1654-60)
1647 - Pierre Bayle, French/Neth theologist/philosopher/writer
1656 - Edmund Halley, English astronomer (comet of Halley) [OS=Oct 29]
1657 - Thomas Bullis, composer
1693 - Leonhard Trautsch, composer
1706 - Johann Ulrich von Cramer, German judge and philosopher (d. 1772)
1710 - Sarah Fielding, English writer (d. 1768)
1715 - Elisabeth C van Brunswick-Bevern, wife of Frederik II "the Great"
1723 - John Byron, British naval officer (d. 1786)
1760 - Jean-Baptiste Dumonceau de Bergendael, South Neth earl/general
1768 - Princess Augusta Sophia of the United Kingdom, (d. 1840)
1770 - Friedrich Witt, composer
1777 - Désirée Clary, queen of Sweden (d. 1860)
1785 - Friedrich Wilhelm Michael Kalkbrenner, composer
1814 - Girolamo/Jeromin de Rada, Albanian poet (Skanderbeku)
1817 - Claudius Wistar Sears, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1891
1817 - Theodoor J Canneel, Flemish painter
1829 - Samuel Wylie Crawford, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1892
1830 - Oliver Otis Howard, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1909
1831 - Edward R L Bulwer-Lytton, English statesman and Viceroy of India (1876-1880)
1836 - Milton Bradley, American game manufacturer (d. 1911)
Novelist Bram StokerNovelist Bram Stoker (1847) 1847 - Bram Stoker, Irish theater manager/author (Dracula)
1847 - Jean Casimir-Perier, French politician (d. 1907)
1848 - Gottlob Frege, Germany, mathematician/logician (Begriffsschrift)
1849 - Edward Julius Biedermann, composer
1850 - Karel Komzak, composer
1854 - Johannes Rydberg, Swedish physicist (d. 1919)
1863 - René [Raphael] Viviani, French historian/social premier (1914-15)
1866 - Herbert Austin, English automobile pioneer (d. 1941)
1867 - Ilmari Henrik Reinhold Krohn, composer
1868 - Felix Hausdorff, German mathematician (d. 1942)
1876 - Frank L Gillespie, Ark, founded Supreme Life Insurance Company
1878 - Marshall Walter "Major" Taylor, world champion cyclist (1899)
1879 - King Baggot I, St Louis MO, director (Tumbleweeds)
1881 - Frank Speck, Brooklyn New York, American Anthropologist (Algonquin Tribes and Eastern Woodland Native Americans)
1881 - Robert Esnault-Pelterie, Paris, French Engineer and aviation pioneer who contributed to early heavier-than-air flight in Europe
1882 - Lazare Saminsky, composer
1883 - Arnold Edward Trevor Bax, London England, composer (Farewell My Youth) (d. 1953)
1883 - Ethel Clayton, MO, actress (Hotel Continental)
1884 - Hermann Rorschach, Swiss psychiatrist (d. 1922)
1885 - Hans Cloos, German geologist (d. 1951)
1885 - Tomoyuki Yamashita, Japanese general (d. 1946)
1885 - Emil Fahrenkamp, German architect (d. 1966)
1887 - Yury Alexandrovich Shaporin, composer
1888 - David Monrad Johansen, composer
1893 - John Miljan, Lead City SD, actor (Possessed, Final Extra, Susan Lenox)
1893 - Clarence Williams, American composer (d. 1965)
1893 - Prajadhipok, Rama VII, king of Thailand (d. 1941)
1895 - Hermann Schey, German/Neth singer
1895 - Photios Kontoglou, Greek writer, painter and iconographer (d. 1965)
1896 - Bucky Harris, baseball manager (Phillies, Yankees)
1897 - Dorothy Day, New York, American journalist, social activist, and devout Catholic convert
1898 - Marie Prevost, Canadian actress (d. 1937)
1900 - Georges Lonque, composer
Author Margaret MitchellAuthor Margaret Mitchell (1900) 1900 - Margaret Mitchell, Atlanta, Georgia, author (Gone With the Wind), (d. 1949)
1900 - Mihailo Vukdragovic, composer
1900 - Albert F. Frey-Wyssling, Küssnacht, Swiss Botanist and pioneer of submicroscopic morphology and the discipline of molecular biology
1901 - Gheorge Gheorghiu Dej, Romania party leader/president
1901 - Szymon Laks, composer
1902 - Mihail A Suslov, Soviet-party ideologist [NS=Nov 22]
1902 - Walerian Josef Gniot, composer
1904 - Cedric Belfrage English-born writer (d. 1990)
1905 - Richard Nicholson, musician
1907 - Otto Brenner, German worker's union leader
1908 - Martha Gellhorn, American writer (d. 1998)
1909 - Alberto Erede, Italian conductor
1912 - Jean-Louis Martinet, composer
1912 - Joseph Fattorini, businessman
1913 - Robert Strauss, NYC, actor (Sgt Gruzewsky-Mona McCluskey)
1913 - June Havoc, American actress
1914 - Lute T de Cock, student/resistance fighter
1914 - Norman Lloyd, Jersey City NJ, actor (Auschlander-St Elsewhere)
1916 - Frank McGuire, basketball coach (won 550 games in 30 college seasons)
1916 - June Havoc, Seattle Wash, actress (Willy, Panic, GE Theater)
1916 - Peter Weiss, Germany, Swedish author/dramatist/novelist (Marat/Sade)
1918 - Hermann Zapf, German designer
1919 - P. L. Deshpande, Indian author (d. 2000)
1920 - Esther Rolle, American actress (d. 1998)
1920 - Eugênio de Araújo Sales, Brazilian cardinal
1921 - Douglas Townsend, composer
1921 - Gene Saks, NY, actor/director (One & Only, Prisoner of 2nd Ave)
1921 - Jerome Hines, [Heinz], Hollywood California, basso (I am The Way)
1922 - Christiaan Barnard, South African surgeon (perform 1st heart transplant)
1922 - Esther Rolle, Pompano Beach Fla, actress (Florida-Good Times, Maude)
1922 - Ademir Marques de Menezes, Brazilian footballer (d. 1996)
1923 - Dmitri T Jazov, Russian minister of defense (1991 coup)
Engineer Jack KilbyEngineer Jack Kilby (1923) 1923 - Jack Kilby, Jefferson City, Missouri, electrical engineer and Nobel laureate (handheld calculator, integrated circuit), (d. 2005)
1924 - Joe Flynn, Youngstown Ohio, actor (McHale's Navy)
1927 - Patti Page, [Clara Ann Fowler], Claremont Ok, singer (Tennessee Waltz), (d. 2012)
1927 - Ken Dodd, English comedian
1929 - Trevor McMahon, NZ cricket wicketkeeper (v India & Pak 1955-56)
1929 - António Castanheira Neves, Portuguese philosopher

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 4 of 4

NBA Legend Larry BirdNBA Legend Larry Bird (1975) 1975 - NBA legend Larry Bird (18) weds highschool sweetheart Janet Condra
1985 - Author Ken Follett (36) weds politician Barbara Hubbard (42)
2006 - Malaysian actress Sazzy Falak (25) weds co-founder of LVG Consultants and LVG MoneySkool Nazril Idrus
2009 - "The Practice" actress Marla Sokoloff (29) weds composer Alec Puro (34) at Il Cielo restaurant

Famous Divorces

Divorces 1 - 2 of 2

1968 - Cynthia Lennon is granted a divorce from Beatle member John
1970 - "Easy Rider" director and actor Dennis Hopper (34) divorces singer Michelle Phillips (26) only 8 days after getting married

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 119

397 - Martin of Tours, [St Martin], bishop of Tours, dies
618 - St Deusdedit/Adeodatus I, Italian Pope (615-18), dies
955 - Pope Agapetus II
1171 - Baldwin IV, Count of Hainaut (b. 1108)
1195 - Conrad of Hohenstaufen
1226 - Louis VIII, the Lion, King of France (1223-26), dies at 39
1228 - Dirk I, ruler of Heinsberg/Valkenburg, dies
1246 - Berenguela of Castile, wife of Alfonso IX of Castile (b. 1180)
1308 - Duns Scotus, Scottish philosopher (coined the word dunce), dies at 42
1494 - Melozzo da Forli, Italian painter, dies at about 56
1517 - Francisco Jimenez de Cisneros, cardinal/Chancellor of Castilia, dies
1527 - Jerome Emser, German theologian (b. 1477)
1578 - Johann Walter, composer, dies at 51
1590 - Joost Jansz Bilhamer, master builder/cartographer, dies at about 49
1595 - Peter Opmeer, church historian/humanist, dies at 69
1599 - Francisco Guerrero, Spanish composer (b. 1528)
1600 - Natsuka Masaie, Japanese warlord (b. 1562)
1605 - Robert Catesby, English conspirator (b. 1573)
1638 - Johann H Alsted, German theologist/philosopher, dies at 50
1658 - Pieter Floriszoon, Dutch admiral, dies in naval Battle of the Sound at about 50
1658 - Witte de With, Dutch vice-admiral, dies in naval Battle of the Sound, at age 59
Poet John MiltonPoet John Milton (1674) 1674 - John Milton, English poet (Paradise Lost), dies at 65
1694 - Ulrik Huber, Frisian lawyer/law historian/polemist, dies at 58
1719 - Michel Rolle, French mathematician (b. 1652)
1757 - Pierre Prowo, composer, dies at 60
1805 - Francois-Thomas de Baculard d'Arnaud, French writer, dies at 87
1811 - Charles F Bentinck, Dutch minister of Colonies, dies at 47
1817 - Andrea Appiana, Italian royal painter of Napoleon, dies at 63
1830 - King Francis I of the Two Sicilies (b. 1777)
1833 - Maximilian Stadler, composer, dies at 85
1858 - George Peacock, English Mathematician, dies at 67
1860 - Charles Fellows, English Archaeologist who discovered ruins of the cities of ancient Lycia and brought to Lycian marbles to England, dies
1873 - Manuel Breton de los Herreros, Span poet/comic playwright, dies at 76
1880 - Jacob Edvard Gille, composer, dies at 66
1885 - Johannes Kneppelhout, [Klikspaan], Dutch humorist/author, dies at 71
1886 - Frederick J "Fred" Archer, English jockey, commits suicide at 29
Gunfighter in the American Old West Doc HollidayGunfighter in the American Old West Doc Holliday (1887) 1887 - Doc Holliday, American gambler and gunfighter, dies at 36
1890 - Caesar-Auguste Franck, Belgian organist/composer, dies at 67
1905 - Victor Borisov-Musatov, Russian painter (b. 1870)
1908 - Victorien Sardou, French opera author (Madame Sans-Gene), dies at 77
1908 - William Edward Ayrton, English Physicist and Inventor, dies at 60
1909 - Charles Bordes, composer, dies at 46
1909 - Eduard de Hartog, composer, dies at 80
1911 - Samuel Wilks, British Physician and founding father of clinical science, dies at 87
1917 - Colyn Blythe, cricketer (2509 F-C wickets), dies during WW I
1920 - Abraham Kuyper, clergyman/Dutch premier (AR 1908-12), dies at 83
1920 - Salomon Anski, Russian/Polish yiddish author (Dibboek), dies at 57
1921 - Pavol Országh Hviezdoslav, Slovak poet (b. 1849)
1924 - Sergey Mikhaylovich Lyapunov, composer, dies at 64
1928 - Mauritz Stiller, Swedish actor/director (Streets of sin), dies at 45
1933 - Mohammed Nadir Shah, king of Afghanistan, assassin by Abdul Khallig
1934 - Carlos Chagas, Brazilian physician (b. 1879)
1934 - James Mark Baldwin, American Philosopher and Psychologist, dies at 73
1937 - James Ramsay MacDonald, British PM (Lab, 1924, 29-35), dies at 71
1941 - Gaetano Mosca, Italian sociologist (Elite Circle), dies at 83
1944 - Walter Nowotny, German combat/jet fighter pilot, dies
1949 - Cyriel Verschaeve, Belgian clergyman (b. 1874)
1952 - Claude Carter, cricketer (took 28 wkts 10 Tests for South Africa), dies
1953 - Iwan Bunin, writer, dies at 83
1953 - John van Melle, South African writer (Bart Nel), dies at 66
1959 - Frank Sherman Land, founder of DeMolay International (b. 1890)
1963 - Simon Jurovsky, composer, dies at 51
1965 - Dorothy Kilgallen, American newspaper columnist (b. 1913)
1966 - Bernhard Zondek, German/Israeli gynaecologist, dies at 75
1968 - Wendell Corey, actor (11th Hour, Peck's Bad Girl), dies at 54
1969 - Kam Tong, actor (Have Gun Will Travel, Mr Garlund), dies at 62
1969 - Vesto Slipher, American Astronomer who provided the first evidence to support the expanding-universe theory
1970 - Huw Thomas Edwards, Welsh trade unionist and politician (b. 1892)
1974 - Ivory Joe Hunter, rocker, dies at 60
1977 - Bucky Harris, American baseball player (b. 1896)
1977 - Georg Wüst, German Oceanographer, dies at 87
1978 - Norman Rockwell, artist (Saturday Evening Post covers), dies at 84
1979 - Sydney Tafler, actor (Too Many Crooks), dies at 63
1979 - Yvonne de Gaulle, wife of Charles de Gaulle (b. 1900)
Tennis Player Betty NuthallTennis Player Betty Nuthall (1983) 1983 - Betty Nuthall, English tennis player, dies at 72
1983 - Robert Agnew, director, dies at 84 of kidney failure
1983 - Mordecai Kaplan, Rabbi, founded Reconstructionist Judaism (b. 1881)
1984 - Carl Gustav Sparre Olsen, composer, dies at 81
1985 - Nicolas Frantz, Luxembourgish cyclist (b. 1899)
1986 - Beatrice Kay, singer/actress (Sister Sue-Calvin & the Col), dies at 78
1986 - Vyacheslav Molotov, Russian politician (b. 1890)
1989 - Andre Kloos, Dut trade union leader (NVV)/chairman (VARA), dies at 67
1990 - Anya Seton, US author, dies
1990 - Grampy Davis, dies of heart attack at 87
1991 - Christine Felsmann, dies
1991 - Frances Faye, singer/actress (Pretty Baby), dies after strokes
1991 - John Kirckpatrick, US musicologist (Charles Ives Archives), dies
1991 - Patrick Hamilton, author (Gaslight, Rope, Angel Street), dies at 45
1992 - Kees [Cornelis] Broekman, speed skater (Olympic-silver-1952), dies
1992 - Keith "Red" Mitchell, US/Swedish jazz bassist, dies
1993 - Andrey Nikolayevich Tychonoff, Russian mathematician (b. 1906)
1994 - Marianne Straub, weaver, dies at 85
1994 - Michael O'Donoghue, American comedy writer (SNL), dies of a cerebral hemorrhage at 54
1995 - Country Dan Dick Montana McLain, singer, dies at 40
1995 - Neil Blaney, politician, dies at 73
1996 - Edward Albert Radice, economist, dies at 89
1996 - Peter Fowler, physicist, dies at 73
1998 - Jean Marais, French actor (b. 1913)
1999 - Lester Bowie, American jazz trumpet player (b. 1941)
1999 - Leon Štukelj, Slovenian gymnast (b. 1898)

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