This Day in History for 1st October

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 306

331 BC - Alexander the Great defeats Darius III of Persia in the Battle of Gaugamela.
366 - St Damasus I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
704 - Aengibald gives away bishop Willibrord estate in Waalre
911 - During a siege in Constantinople, the Theotokos appeared at the church in Blachernae holding her veil over the praying faithful, among them St. Andrew of Constantinople.
959 - Edgar the Peaceable becomes king of all England.
965 - John XIII Crescentii elected to succeed Pope Leo VIII
1189 - Gerard de Ridefort, grandmaster of the Knights Templar since 1184, is killed in the Siege of Acre.
1273 - Earl Rudolf van Habsburg becomes Roman Catholics-German king
1529 - -3] Meeting between Maarten Luther & Huldrych Zwingli
1569 - Duke of Norfolk arrested
Macedonian King and Conqueror of Persia Alexander the GreatMacedonian King and Conqueror of Persia Alexander the Great 1574 - -2] Storm breaks Leiden dike; drowns 20,000 Spanish soldiers
1606 - Spanish troops under Spinola occupies fort Rhine birch
1632 - Battle at Castelnaudary: Duke Henri de Montmorency's rebel army loses
1653 - Russian parliament accepts annexation of Ukraine
1657 - Treaty of Raalte: Willem II no longer viceroy of Overijssel
1661 - Yachting begins in England; King Charles II beats his brother James
1670 - -4] Battle at Simbirsk a/d Wolga: Russian army beats Boers
1688 - Prince Willem III accept invitation of English crown to occupy
King Charles IIKing Charles II 1705 - Parliament declares Hungary independently/French Rákóczi becomes king
1746 - Bonnie Prince Charlie flees to France
1768 - English troops under general Gauge lands in Boston
1787 - Russians under Suvorov defeat the Turks at Kinburn.
1791 - 1st session of new French legislative assembly
1795 - France annexes Southern Netherlands
1795 - Belgium is conquered by France.
1800 - Spain cedes Louisiana to France in a secret treaty
1801 - England & France signs Preliminary of London
1814 - Opening of the Congress of Vienna, intended to redraw the Europe's political map after the defeat of Napoléon the previous spring.
French Emperor Napoleon BonaparteFrench Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte 1827 - The Russian army under Ivan Paskevich storms Yerevan, ending a millennium of Muslim domination in Armenia.
1829 - South African College is founded in Cape Town, South Africa; later to separate into the University of Cape Town and the South African College Schools.
1830 - General Trade Journal newspaper begins publishing in Amsterdam
1833 - Charles Darwin reaches Rio Tercero Argentina
1837 - "Racer's" Hurricane (Gulf of Mexico)
1837 - Treaty with Winnebago Indians
1838 - Civil Code enforced (- Jan 1, 1992)
1843 - News of the World began publication in London.
1847 - Maria Mitchell discovers a non-naked-eye comet
1847 - German inventor and industrialist Werner von Siemens founds Siemens AG & Halske.
Naturalist Charles DarwinNaturalist Charles Darwin 1851 - 1st Hawaiian stamps issued
1852 - Alfred Russel Wallace returns to the U.K. after four years of travel, collecting, and research in South America
1854 - The watch company founded in 1850 in Roxbury by Aaron Lufkin Dennison relocates to Waltham, Massachusetts, to become the Waltham Watch Company, a pioneer in the American System of Watch Manufacturing.
1863 - 5 Russian warships welcomed in NYC
1863 - Dutch Breda-Tilburg railway opens
1864 - Cyclone strikes Calcutta: 70,000 killed
1864 - John S Staples is paid $500 as a substitute for President Lincoln
1866 - Dutch Eindhoven-Venlo railway opens
Communist Philosopher Karl MarxCommunist Philosopher Karl Marx 1867 - Karl Marx' "Das Kapital," published
1868 - 1st edition of Maasbode published
1869 - 1st postcards are issued (Vienna, Austria)
1871 - General Dutch Werkliedenverbond (ANWV), forms in Utrecht
1874 - Rotterdam opens drink water pipes
1879 - Cincinnati Enquirer publishes 1st report on baseball reserve clause
1880 - John Philip Sousa becomes new director of US Marine Corps Band
1885 - Special delivery mail service begins in US
1886 - US mint at Carson City, Nevada closes
1887 - Balochistan conquered by the British Empire.
1888 - National Geographic magazine publishes for 1st time
Composer John Philip SousaComposer John Philip Sousa 1889 - Soccer team HFC Haarlem forms
1889 - Washington voters adopt state constitution in referendum
1890 - Congress creates Weather Bureau
1890 - Yosemite National Park forms
1891 - In the U.S. state of California, Stanford University opens its doors.
1892 - University of Chicago opens
1893 - 3rd worst hurricane in US history kills 1,800 (Mississippi)
1894 - Civic organization, Knights of Ak-Sar-Ben founded in Omaha, Nebraska
1894 - First meeting of The Owl Club of Cape Town.
1895 - Romanians in Costantinople massacred
1896 - Sherlock Holmes adventure "Veiled Lodger" takes place (BG)
1898 - Dutch railway Alkmaar-Receiver opens
1898 - Henry Huntington buys LA Railway
1898 - Jews are expelled from Kiev Russia
1898 - Czar Nikolay II expels Jews from major Russian cities.
1898 - The Vienna University of Economics and Business Administration is founded under the name k.u.k. Exportakademie.
1903 - 1st baseball World Series, Pittsburgh Pirates vs Boston Pilgrims (Red Sox)
1904 - JB van Heutsz becomes gov-general of Netherland Indies
1904 - Netherlands & Portugal lay down bounderies splitting Timor
1905 - František Pavlík is killed in a demonstration in Prague, inspiring Leoš Janáček to the piano composition 1. X. 1905.
1906 - Hugh Jennings resigns as Balt manager to take over at Detroit in 1907
1907 - Plaza Hotel (5th Av & 59th Str, NY) opens
1908 - 1st Dutch electric railway in use (Rotterdam-The Hague)
Ford Motor Company Founder Henry FordFord Motor Company Founder Henry Ford 1908 - Henry Ford introduces the Model T car (costs $825)
1908 - Jack Chesbro's final Yankee victory, beats Walter Johnson 2-1
1910 - Berkshire Cattle Fair held in Pittsfield Mass (1st state fair)
1910 - Explosion at LA Times kills 21
1910 - Regina Rugby Club's 1st game, losing to Moose Jaw Tigers, 16-6
1911 - United Dutch Diamond workers get 8-hr day
1912 - Yanks lose game #100 en route to a 50-102 season
1918 - World War I: Arab forces under T. E. Lawrence (a/k/a "Lawrence of Arabia") capture Damascus.
1919 - World Series begins as a best of 9 affair, White Sox intentionally throw this series to satisfy gamblers (Black Sox Scandal)
1920 - Dutch law provides for an 8 hour working day
1920 - Sir Percy Cox landed in Basra to assume his responsibilities as high commissioner in Iraq.
1921 - WJZ, Newark NJ begins broadcasting
1922 - Former Chicago Staleys play 1st NFL game as Chicago Bears, win 6-0
1922 - Rogers Hornsby's 3-for-5 ups avg to .401
1924 - Fokker F-7 1st flight (Amsterdam to Batavia)
1924 - Paavo Nurmi runs world record 4 mile (19:15.4) & 5 mile (24:06.2)
1924 - Landis bans Giants Jimmy O'Connell & Cozy Dolan from World Series after they admit an attempt to bribe Phils shortstop Heinie Sand
1926 - An oil field accident cost aviator Wiley Post his left eye, but he used the settlement money to buy his first aircraft.
1927 - Pirates clinch NL pennant with a 9-6 win over Reds
1928 - Leon Vanderstuyft of Belgium bicycled 76 miles 504 yards in 1 hour

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 241

1207 - Henry III, king of England (1216-72)
1507 - Giacomo Barozzi da Vignola, Italian architect (d. 1573)
1540 - Johann Jakob Grynaeus, Swiss Protestant clergyman (d. 1617)
1549 - Anna of H Bartolomaeus, Flemish prioress/founded a nunnery
1577 - Fidelis of Sigmaringen, Swiss friar, martyr, and saint (d. 1622)
1620 - Nicolaes Pietersz Berchem, Dutch landscape painter/etcher
1644 - Alessandro Stradella, Italian violinist/composer
1644 - Jean Rousseau, composer
1671 - Guido Grandi, Italian mathematician (d. 1742)
1685 - Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor (1711-40) (d. 1740)
1691 - Arthur Onslow, English politician (d. 1768)
1724 - Giovanni Battista Cirri, composer
1730 - Richard Stockton, US attorney/signer (Decl of Independence)
1735 - Johann Baptist Christoph Toeschi, composer
1760 - William Beckford, British writer (Epsiodes of Vathek)
1770 - Vincenzo Cuoco, Italian historian (Naples Revolution 1799)
1771 - Pierre MF de Sales Baillot, French violinist/composer
1781 - James Lawrence, naval hero (War of 1812-"Don't give up the ship!")
1791 - Sergey Aksakov, Russia, novelist (Chronicles of a Russian Family)
1799 - Rufus Choate, US, lawyer (Hall of Fame)
1800 - Lars Levi Laestadius, Swedish-born botanist and founder of Laestadianism (d. 1861)
1808 - Fryderyk Edward Sobolewski, composer
1820 - Gustav Adolf Heinze, composer
1830 - Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan, Brig Gen (Union volunteers), died in 1890
1831 - Claudius Charles Wilson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1863
1832 - Caroline Lavinia Scott Harrison, 1st wife of Benjamin Harrison
1832 - Henry Clay Work, composer
1834 - Francis Marion Cockrell, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1915
1835 - Robert Houston Anderson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1888
1835 - William Hicks "Red" Jackson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
1835 - Ádám Politzer, Austrian physician (d. 1920)
1841 - Anatol' Vakhnyanyn, composer
1842 - Charles Cros, French mathematician/chemist/poet (Le Hareng Saur)
1847 - Annie Besant, [Wood], England, philosopher (Esoteric christianity)
1865 - Paul Dukas, French composer (d. 1935)
1870 - Pieter van Essen, Dutch artillery officer/inventor (grape-shot shells)
1872 - Israel Querido, Dutch writer (Menschenwee)
1878 - Othmar Spann, Austria economist/sociologist (Geschichtsfilosofie)
1881 - Leonid Leonidovich Sabaneyev, composer
1881 - William Edward Boeing, founded aircraft co (Boeing)
1885 - Louis Untermeyer, NYC, poet/critic (Immortal Poems, Story Poems)
1886 - Ahmad Amin, Egyptian historian/author
1890 - Alice Joyce, Kansas City MO, actress (Song O' My Heart)
1890 - Constantin Nottara, composer
1890 - Stanley Holloway, London England, actor (Higgins-Our Man Higgins)
1893 - Faith Baldwin, New Rochelle NY, author/novelist (They Who Love)
1893 - Yip Man, Martial Arts Master d.(1972)
1893 - Cliff Friend, American songwriter (d. 1974)
1894 - Ricardo Castillo, composer
1895 - Liaquat Al Khan, attorney/premier of Pakistan (1947-51)
1896 - Ted Healy, American actor and comedian (d. 1937)
1898 - Karl Ranki, composer
1899 - Lajos Bardos, composer
1899 - Ernest Haycox, American writer (d. 1950)
1900 - Tom Goddard, English cricketer (d. 1966)
1903 - "Slapsie" Maxie Rosenbloom, NYC, light-heavyweight box champ (1932-34)
1903 - George Coulouris, Manchester England, actor (Runaway Bus)
1904 - Vladimir Horowitz, Kiev Ukraine, pianist (Carmen)
1904 - Otto Robert Frisch, Austrian-born physicist (d. 1979)
1904 - A.K. Gopalan, Indian communist leader (d. 1977)
1906 - John Lorne Campbell, folklorist
1907 - Barbara Morrison, Weston-Super-Mare England, actress (Project Moonbase)
1907 - Oedoen Partos, composer
1908 - Herman David Koppel, composer
1909 - Everett Sloane, NYC, actor (Patsy, Citizen Kane, Enforcer)
1909 - Samuel Yorty, Lincoln Neb, (Mayor-LA)
1910 - Fritz Köberle, Austrian-born physician (d. 1983)
1910 - José Enrique Moyal, Australian mathematical physicist (d. 1998)
American Outlaw Bonnie ParkerAmerican Outlaw Bonnie Parker (1910) 1910 - Bonnie Parker, Rowena, Texas, outlaw (Bonnie and Clyde), (d. 1934)
1911 - Edward P Boland, (Rep-D-MA, 1953- )
1911 - Irwin Kostal, Chicago Ill, orchestra leader (Garry Moore Show)
1911 - Richard Torriani, Switzerland, took Olympic oath (1948)
1914 - Daniel Joseph Boorstin, author (Empire of Czar, 1974 Pulitzer Prize)
1914 - Michael Goodliffe, Cheshire England, actor (5th Day of Peace)
1916 - Tibor Reich, textile designer
1917 - René A de Rooy, Suriname/Antillian poet (Juancho Picaflor)
1918 - Antonio Iglesias Alvares, composer
1920 - Lonny Chapman, Tulsa Oklahoma, actor (Investigator, For the People)
1920 - Walter Matthau, NYC, actor (Odd Couple, Bad News Bears)
1921 - James Whitmore, White Plains NY, actor (Give 'em Hell Harry)
1922 - Hector Campos-Parsi, composer
39th US President Jimmy Carter39th US President Jimmy Carter (1924) 1924 - Jimmy Carter, Plains, Georgia, 39th US President (D) (1977-81)
1924 - William Rehnquist, Ws, Supreme Court (1972-86)/chief justice (1987- )
1925 - Bob Boyd, American baseball player (d. 2004)
1926 - Roger Williams, American pianist
1927 - Tom Bosley, Chicago, actor (Howard-Happy Days, Murder She Wrote)
1927 - Sandy Gall, Malaysian-born British journalist and newscaster
1928 - George Peppard, Detroit Mich, actor (Banacek, A-Team, Blue Max)
1928 - Laurence Harvey, [Larushka Skine], actor (Alamo, Romeo & Juliet)
1928 - Willy Mairesse, Belgian racing driver (d. 1969)
1928 - Zhu Rongji, Chinese politician
1929 - Ken Arthurson, Australian rugby league identity
1930 - Philippe Noiret, Lille France, actor (Soleil, Les Milles, Il Postino)
Actor and Singer Richard HarrisActor and Singer Richard Harris (1930) 1930 - Richard Harris, Ireland, actor (Man Called Horse)/singer (MacArthur Park)
1930 - Frank Gardner, Australian racing driver
1930 - Naimatullah Khan, Pakistani politician
1931 - Reginald Hall, endocrinologist
1931 - Sylvano Bussotti, Italian composer
1932 - Albert Collins, Leona TX, blues guitarist (Frosty, Showdown)
1933 - Olga Pozzi Escot, composer

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 9 of 9

1791 - Prince Willem Frederick (later King of Netherlands) marries his cousin princess Frederica Louise Wilhelmine of Prussia
1949 - Television host and comedian Johnny Carson (23) weds Joan Morrill Wolcott (23) at the North Platte Episcopalian Church
Actress Sigourney WeaverActress Sigourney Weaver (1984) 1984 - Actress Sigourney Weaver (34) weds filmmaker Jim Simpson (28)
1988 - Robert Englund, actor who plays Freddie Kruger weds Nancy Booth
1994 - Actress Whoopi Goldberg (38) weds labor union organizer Lyle Trachtenberg in California
2006 - Baseball player Darryl Strawberry (44) weds Tracy Boulware
2008 - "7th Heaven" actress Beverley Mitchell (27) weds Michael Cameron (27) at the Church of Santa Maria a Gradillo in Ravello, Italy
2011 - Rock bassist Gene Simmons (62) weds actress and model Shannon Tweed (55) at the historic Beverly Hills Hotel in Beverly Hills, California
Baseball Player Darryl StrawberryBaseball Player Darryl Strawberry (2006) 2012 - "Sugar Ray" singer Mark McGrath (44) weds his longtime love Carin Kingsland (39) at San Ysidro Ranch in Santa Barbara, California

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 127

290 - [Christian] Bacchus, roman soldier/martyred saint, killed
540 - Vedastus St Vaast, 1st bishop of Atrecht/saint, dies
552 - Teja, king of Ostrogoten, dies in battle
959 - King Edwy of England
976 - Al-Hakam II, Moors kalief of Cordoba, dies
1040 - Alan III, Duke of Brittany (poisoned) (b. 997)
1189 - Gerard de Ridefort, grandmaster of the Knights Templar
1310 - Beatrice of Burgundy, Lady of Bourbon (b. 1257)
1404 - Boniface IX, [Pietro Tomacelli], Pope (1389-1404), dies
1499 - Marsilio Ficino, Italian philosopher (b. 1433)
1500 - John Alcock, English Catholic bishop
1567 - Pietro Carnesecchi, Italian humanist (b. 1508)
1570 - Frans Floris, Flemish painter (b. 1520)
1574 - Maarten van Heemskerck, Dutch painter (Christ), dies at 76
1578 - Don John of Austria, Spanish military leader, dies at 31
1588 - Blessed Edward James, Catholic martyr
1602 - Hernando de Cabezon, composer, dies at 61
1609 - Gianmatteo Asola, Italian composer
1633 - Filaret, [Fjodor N Romanov], patriarch of Moscow, dies
1684 - Pierre Corneille, Fr lawyer/dramatist (El Cid, Polyeucte), dies at 42
1693 - Pedro Abarca, Spanish theologian (b. 1619)
1704 - Cornelis Dusart, painter/engraver, dies at 44
1708 - John Blow, composer (Venus & Adonis), dies at 59
1768 - Robert Simson, Scotland mathematician, dies at 80
1770 - Louis-Gabriel Guillemain, composer, dies at 64
1795 - Robert Bakewell, English cattle breeder, dies at about 70
1814 - Jakob I van Przysucha, Polish hassidic leader, dies
1837 - Robert Clark, American politician (b. 1777)
1838 - Charles Tennant, Scottish chemist and industrialist (b. 1768)
1864 - John Dunovant, US Confederate brig-general, dies in battle
1864 - Rose Greenhow, American Confederate spy (b. 1817)
1868 - Rama IV, [Phra Chomklao Chaoyuhua], king of Thai (1851-68), dies at 63
1876 - Henri-Jerome Bertini, composer, dies at 77
1876 - James Lick, California land baron (b. 1796)
1881 - Frantisek Matej Hilmar, composer, dies at 78
1901 - Abdur Rahman Khan, Emir of Afghanistan
1904 - William GGVV Harcourt, historian/English Sect of State, dies at 76
1911 - Wilhelm Dilthey, Germ philosopher (Das Leben Schleiermans), dies at 77
1913 - Eugene O'Keefe, Canadian businessman and philanthropist (b. 1827)
1927 - Wilhelm Harteveld, composer, dies at 68
1929 - Antoine Bourdelle, French sculptor (b. 1861)
1930 - Ricardo Drigo, composer, dies at 84
1936 - Oscar DaCosta, cricketer (WI all-rounder in 5 Tests 30-35), dies at 28
1942 - Ants Piip, Estonian Prime Minister (b. 1884)
1943 - Antoine T Broekman, resistance fighter, executed at 32
1943 - Anton JT Koreman, resistance fighter, executed at 27
1943 - Antoon Pleyte, resistance fighter, executed at 26
1943 - Dionysius Remiens, resistance fighter, executed at 24
1943 - Earnest Klijzing, resistance fighter, executed
1943 - Gideon Boissevain, resistance fighter, executed at 22
1943 - Hans Katan, resistance fighter, executed at 24
1943 - Henri H Geul, resistance fighter, executed at 27
1943 - Johan Kalshoven, resistance fighter, executed at 20
1943 - Johan Roemer, resistance fighter, executed at 22
1943 - Johan van Mierlo, resistance fighter, executed at 35
1943 - John Charles Boissevain, resistance fighter, executed at 23
1943 - Leo Frijda, resistance fighter, executed at 20
1943 - Louis Boissevain, resistance fighter, executed at 21
1943 - Maarten van/of Gilse, resistance fighter, executed at 27
1943 - Olaf T Thomsen, resistance fighter, executed at 23
1943 - Peter "Pam" Pooters, resistance fighter, executed at 32
1943 - Sape Kuiper, resistance fighter, executed at 19
1943 - Victor van Swieten, resistance fighter, executed at 36
1943 - Walter Brandligt, literature/resistance fighter, executed at 42
1945 - Walter B Cannon, US physiologist (Traumatic Shock), dies at 73
1955 - Charles Christie, American film studio owner (b. 1880)
1956 - Stan Ockers, Belgian world champ cyclist (1955), dies at 36
1958 - Robert Falk, Russian painter (b. 1886)
1961 - Donald Cook, actor (Too Young To Go Steady), dies at 60
1964 - Ernst Toch, composer (Melodie Lehre), dies at 76
1965 - Edward E "Doc" Smith, US, sci-fi writer (Subspace encounter), dies
1965 - Gareth Hughes, actor (Midnight Girl), dies at 71
1966 - Albert P A A Besnard, poet/journalist (Doom & Thirst), dies
1970 - Hans Poser, composer, dies at 52
1970 - Petar Konjovic, composer, dies at 87
1970 - Raoul Riganti, Argentine racing driver (b. 1893)
1972 - Kurt Hiller, writer, dies at 87
Archaeologist Louis LeakeyArchaeologist Louis Leakey (1972) 1972 - Louis Leakey, English anthropologist, dies at 68
1973 - Joe Devlin, actor (Sam-Dick Tracy), dies at 74
1974 - Spyridon Marinatos, Greek archaeologist (b. 1901)
1975 - Al Jackson, rock drummer (Booker T & The MG's), dies at 39
1979 - Roy Harris, US composer, dies at 81
1980 - George Meany, union pres (AFL-CIO), dies at 86
1984 - Walter Alston, Baseball manager (LA Dodgers), dies at 72
1985 - E. B. White, US author (New Yorker, Charlotte's Web), dies at 86
1988 - Sacheverell Sitwell, English writer (b. 1897)
1990 - Christine Forrest, actress (Martin), dies
1990 - Curtis E LeMay, USAF General/VP candidate, dies at 83
Writer E. B. WhiteWriter E. B. White (1985) 1991 - Jan van Tongeren, painter, dies
1992 - Bruce Vorhauer, inventor (Today contraceptive sponge), suicide at 50
1992 - Harry Milton Ray, singer/actor (Avanti!), dies of stroke at 45
1993 - Reizl Bozyk, Polish/US actress (Crossing Delancey), dies at 79
1993 - Janine Darcey, French actress (Priez pour nous), dies at 75
1993 - Joseph Warren, actor (Gift of Love, Urban Warriors), dies at 77
1994 - Brad O'Hare, dies of complications due to AIDS at 43
1994 - Carlos Lleras Restrepo, president of Colombia (1966-70), dies at 86
1994 - Karoli Ruth Needles, painter, dies at 54
1994 - Scott Dunbar, bluse vocalist/guitarist, dies at 90
1994 - Paul Lorenzen, German philosopher (b. 1915)
1995 - Aditya Biria, industrialist, dies at 50

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