This Day in History for 1st October

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 308

331 BC - Alexander the Great defeats Darius III of Persia in the Battle of Gaugamela.
366 - St Damasus I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
704 - Aengibald gives away bishop Willibrord estate in Waalre
911 - During a siege in Constantinople, the Theotokos appeared at the church in Blachernae holding her veil over the praying faithful, among them St. Andrew of Constantinople.
959 - Edgar the Peaceable becomes king of all England.
965 - John XIII Crescentii elected to succeed Pope Leo VIII
1189 - Gerard de Ridefort, grandmaster of the Knights Templar since 1184, is killed in the Siege of Acre.
1273 - Earl Rudolf van Habsburg becomes Roman Catholics-German king
1529 - -3] Meeting between Maarten Luther & Huldrych Zwingli
1569 - Duke of Norfolk arrested
Macedonian King and Conqueror of Persia Alexander the GreatMacedonian King and Conqueror of Persia Alexander the Great 1574 - -2] Storm breaks Leiden dike; drowns 20,000 Spanish soldiers
1606 - Spanish troops under Spinola occupies fort Rhine birch
1632 - Battle at Castelnaudary: Duke Henri de Montmorency's rebel army loses
1653 - Russian parliament accepts annexation of Ukraine
1657 - Treaty of Raalte: Willem II no longer viceroy of Overijssel
1661 - Yachting begins in England; King Charles II beats his brother James
1670 - -4] Battle at Simbirsk a/d Wolga: Russian army beats Boers
1688 - Prince Willem III accept invitation of English crown to occupy
King Charles IIKing Charles II 1705 - Parliament declares Hungary independently/French Rákóczi becomes king
1746 - Bonnie Prince Charlie flees to France
1768 - English troops under general Gauge lands in Boston
1787 - Russians under Suvorov defeat the Turks at Kinburn.
1791 - 1st session of new French legislative assembly
1795 - France annexes Southern Netherlands
1795 - Belgium is conquered by France.
1800 - Spain cedes Louisiana to France in a secret treaty
1801 - England & France signs Preliminary of London
1814 - Opening of the Congress of Vienna, intended to redraw the Europe's political map after the defeat of Napoléon the previous spring.
French Emperor Napoleon BonaparteFrench Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte 1827 - The Russian army under Ivan Paskevich storms Yerevan, ending a millennium of Muslim domination in Armenia.
1829 - South African College is founded in Cape Town, South Africa; later to separate into the University of Cape Town and the South African College Schools.
1830 - General Trade Journal newspaper begins publishing in Amsterdam
1833 - Charles Darwin reaches Rio Tercero Argentina
1837 - "Racer's" Hurricane (Gulf of Mexico)
1837 - Treaty with Winnebago Indians
1838 - Civil Code enforced (- Jan 1, 1992)
1843 - News of the World began publication in London.
1847 - Maria Mitchell discovers a non-naked-eye comet
1847 - German inventor and industrialist Werner von Siemens founds Siemens AG & Halske.
Naturalist Charles DarwinNaturalist Charles Darwin 1851 - 1st Hawaiian stamps issued
1852 - Alfred Russel Wallace returns to the U.K. after four years of travel, collecting, and research in South America
1854 - The watch company founded in 1850 in Roxbury by Aaron Lufkin Dennison relocates to Waltham, Massachusetts, to become the Waltham Watch Company, a pioneer in the American System of Watch Manufacturing.
1863 - 5 Russian warships welcomed in NYC
1863 - Dutch Breda-Tilburg railway opens
1864 - Cyclone strikes Calcutta: 70,000 killed
1864 - John S Staples is paid $500 as a substitute for President Lincoln
1866 - Dutch Eindhoven-Venlo railway opens
Communist Philosopher Karl MarxCommunist Philosopher Karl Marx 1867 - Karl Marx' "Das Kapital," published
1868 - 1st edition of Maasbode published
1869 - 1st postcards are issued (Vienna, Austria)
1871 - General Dutch Werkliedenverbond (ANWV), forms in Utrecht
1874 - Rotterdam opens drink water pipes
1879 - Cincinnati Enquirer publishes 1st report on baseball reserve clause
1880 - John Philip Sousa becomes new director of US Marine Corps Band
1885 - Special delivery mail service begins in US
1886 - US mint at Carson City, Nevada closes
1887 - Balochistan conquered by the British Empire.
1888 - National Geographic magazine publishes for 1st time
Composer John Philip SousaComposer John Philip Sousa 1889 - Soccer team HFC Haarlem forms
1889 - Washington voters adopt state constitution in referendum
1890 - Congress creates Weather Bureau
1890 - Yosemite National Park forms
1891 - In the U.S. state of California, Stanford University opens its doors.
1892 - University of Chicago opens
1893 - 3rd worst hurricane in US history kills 1,800 (Mississippi)
1894 - Civic organization, Knights of Ak-Sar-Ben founded in Omaha, Nebraska
1894 - First meeting of The Owl Club of Cape Town.
1895 - Romanians in Costantinople massacred
1896 - Sherlock Holmes adventure "Veiled Lodger" takes place (BG)
1898 - Dutch railway Alkmaar-Receiver opens
1898 - Henry Huntington buys LA Railway
1898 - Jews are expelled from Kiev Russia
1898 - Czar Nikolay II expels Jews from major Russian cities.
1898 - The Vienna University of Economics and Business Administration is founded under the name k.u.k. Exportakademie.
1903 - 1st baseball World Series, Pittsburgh Pirates vs Boston Pilgrims (Red Sox)
1904 - JB van Heutsz becomes gov-general of Netherland Indies
1904 - Netherlands & Portugal lay down bounderies splitting Timor
1905 - František Pavlík is killed in a demonstration in Prague, inspiring Leoš Janáček to the piano composition 1. X. 1905.
1906 - Hugh Jennings resigns as Balt manager to take over at Detroit in 1907
1907 - Plaza Hotel (5th Av & 59th Str, NY) opens
1907 - A downturn in the stock market leads to a run on the dollar; US President Roosevelt will be forced to call on financier JP Morgan to help manage the financial crisis
1908 - 1st Dutch electric railway in use (Rotterdam-The Hague)
Ford Motor Company Founder Henry FordFord Motor Company Founder Henry Ford 1908 - Henry Ford introduces the Model T car (costs $825)
1908 - Jack Chesbro's final Higlander victory, beats Walter Johnson 2-1
1910 - Berkshire Cattle Fair held in Pittsfield Mass (1st state fair)
1910 - Explosion at LA Times kills 21
1910 - Regina Rugby Club's 1st game, losing to Moose Jaw Tigers, 16-6
1911 - United Dutch Diamond workers get 8-hr day
1912 - Yanks lose game #100 en route to a 50-102 season
1914 - The Prince of Asir, the southern region of Arabia, rises in revolt against the Turks; his actions will inspire other Arab leaders to revolt
1914 - The first division of Canadian troops, 33,000 sail for Britain; most Canadians are volunteers, anxious to prove their loyalty to the Commonwealth
MLB Pitcher Walter JohnsonMLB Pitcher Walter Johnson 1918 - World War I: Arab forces under T. E. Lawrence (a/k/a "Lawrence of Arabia") capture Damascus.
1919 - World Series begins as a best of 9 affair, White Sox intentionally throw this series to satisfy gamblers (Black Sox Scandal)
1920 - Dutch law provides for an 8 hour working day
1920 - Sir Percy Cox landed in Basra to assume his responsibilities as high commissioner in Iraq.
1921 - WJZ, Newark NJ begins broadcasting
1922 - Former Chicago Staleys play 1st NFL game as Chicago Bears, win 6-0
1922 - Rogers Hornsby's 3-for-5 ups avg to .401
1924 - Fokker F-7 1st flight (Amsterdam to Batavia)
Runner nicknamed the Runner nicknamed the "Flying Finn" Paavo Nurmi 1924 - Paavo Nurmi runs world record 4 mile (19:15.4) & 5 mile (24:06.2)
1924 - Landis bans Giants Jimmy O'Connell & Cozy Dolan from World Series after they admit an attempt to bribe Phils shortstop Heinie Sand

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 241

1207 - Henry III, king of England (1216-72)
1507 - Giacomo Barozzi da Vignola, Italian architect (d. 1573)
1540 - Johann Jakob Grynaeus, Swiss Protestant clergyman (d. 1617)
1549 - Anna of H Bartolomaeus, Flemish prioress/founded a nunnery
1577 - Fidelis of Sigmaringen, Swiss friar, martyr, and saint (d. 1622)
1620 - Nicolaes Pietersz Berchem, Dutch landscape painter/etcher
1644 - Alessandro Stradella, Italian violinist/composer
1644 - Jean Rousseau, composer
1671 - Guido Grandi, Italian mathematician (d. 1742)
1685 - Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor (1711-40) (d. 1740)
1691 - Arthur Onslow, English politician (d. 1768)
1724 - Giovanni Battista Cirri, composer
1730 - Richard Stockton, US attorney/signer (Decl of Independence)
1735 - Johann Baptist Christoph Toeschi, composer
1760 - William Beckford, British writer (Epsiodes of Vathek)
1770 - Vincenzo Cuoco, Italian historian (Naples Revolution 1799)
1771 - Pierre MF de Sales Baillot, French violinist/composer
1781 - James Lawrence, naval hero (War of 1812-"Don't give up the ship!")
1791 - Sergey Aksakov, Russia, novelist (Chronicles of a Russian Family)
1799 - Rufus Choate, US, lawyer (Hall of Fame)
1800 - Lars Levi Laestadius, Swedish-born botanist and founder of Laestadianism (d. 1861)
1808 - Fryderyk Edward Sobolewski, composer
1820 - Gustav Adolf Heinze, composer
1830 - Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan, Brig Gen (Union volunteers), died in 1890
1831 - Claudius Charles Wilson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1863
1832 - Caroline Lavinia Scott Harrison, 1st wife of Benjamin Harrison
1832 - Henry Clay Work, composer
1834 - Francis Marion Cockrell, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1915
1835 - Robert Houston Anderson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1888
1835 - William Hicks "Red" Jackson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
1835 - Ádám Politzer, Austrian physician (d. 1920)
1841 - Anatol' Vakhnyanyn, composer
1842 - Charles Cros, French mathematician/chemist/poet (Le Hareng Saur)
1847 - Annie Besant, [Wood], England, philosopher (Esoteric christianity)
1865 - Paul Dukas, French composer (d. 1935)
1870 - Pieter van Essen, Dutch artillery officer/inventor (grape-shot shells)
1872 - Israel Querido, Dutch writer (Menschenwee)
1878 - Othmar Spann, Austria economist/sociologist (Geschichtsfilosofie)
1881 - Leonid Leonidovich Sabaneyev, composer
1881 - William Edward Boeing, founded aircraft co (Boeing)
1885 - Louis Untermeyer, NYC, poet/critic (Immortal Poems, Story Poems)
1886 - Ahmad Amin, Egyptian historian/author
1890 - Alice Joyce, Kansas City MO, actress (Song O' My Heart)
1890 - Constantin Nottara, composer
1890 - Stanley Holloway, London England, actor (Higgins-Our Man Higgins)
1893 - Faith Baldwin, New Rochelle NY, author/novelist (They Who Love)
1893 - Yip Man, Martial Arts Master d.(1972)
1893 - Cliff Friend, American songwriter (d. 1974)
1894 - Ricardo Castillo, composer
1895 - Liaquat Al Khan, attorney/premier of Pakistan (1947-51)
1896 - Ted Healy, American actor and comedian (d. 1937)
1898 - Karl Ranki, composer
1899 - Lajos Bardos, composer
1899 - Ernest Haycox, American writer (d. 1950)
1900 - Tom Goddard, English cricketer (d. 1966)
1903 - "Slapsie" Maxie Rosenbloom, NYC, light-heavyweight box champ (1932-34)
1903 - George Coulouris, Manchester England, actor (Runaway Bus)
1904 - Vladimir Horowitz, Kiev Ukraine, pianist (Carmen)
1904 - Otto Robert Frisch, Austrian-born physicist (d. 1979)
1904 - A.K. Gopalan, Indian communist leader (d. 1977)
1906 - John Lorne Campbell, folklorist
1907 - Barbara Morrison, Weston-Super-Mare England, actress (Project Moonbase)
1907 - Oedoen Partos, composer
1908 - Herman David Koppel, composer
1909 - Everett Sloane, NYC, actor (Patsy, Citizen Kane, Enforcer)
1909 - Samuel Yorty, Lincoln Neb, (Mayor-LA)
1910 - Fritz Köberle, Austrian-born physician (d. 1983)
1910 - José Enrique Moyal, Australian mathematical physicist (d. 1998)
American Outlaw Bonnie ParkerAmerican Outlaw Bonnie Parker (1910) 1910 - Bonnie Parker, Rowena, Texas, outlaw (Bonnie and Clyde), (d. 1934)
1911 - Edward P Boland, (Rep-D-MA, 1953- )
1911 - Irwin Kostal, Chicago Ill, orchestra leader (Garry Moore Show)
1911 - Richard Torriani, Switzerland, took Olympic oath (1948)
1914 - Daniel Joseph Boorstin, author (Empire of Czar, 1974 Pulitzer Prize)
1914 - Michael Goodliffe, Cheshire England, actor (5th Day of Peace)
1916 - Tibor Reich, textile designer
1917 - René A de Rooy, Suriname/Antillian poet (Juancho Picaflor)
1918 - Antonio Iglesias Alvares, composer
1920 - Lonny Chapman, Tulsa Oklahoma, actor (Investigator, For the People)
1920 - Walter Matthau, NYC, actor (Odd Couple, Bad News Bears)
1921 - James Whitmore, White Plains NY, actor (Give 'em Hell Harry)
1922 - Hector Campos-Parsi, composer
39th US President Jimmy Carter39th US President Jimmy Carter (1924) 1924 - Jimmy Carter, Plains, Georgia, 39th US President (D) (1977-81)
1924 - William Rehnquist, Ws, Supreme Court (1972-86)/chief justice (1987- )
1925 - Bob Boyd, American baseball player (d. 2004)
1926 - Roger Williams, American pianist
1927 - Tom Bosley, Chicago, actor (Howard-Happy Days, Murder She Wrote)
1927 - Sandy Gall, Malaysian-born British journalist and newscaster
1928 - George Peppard, Detroit Mich, actor (Banacek, A-Team, Blue Max)
1928 - Laurence Harvey, [Larushka Skine], actor (Alamo, Romeo & Juliet)
1928 - Willy Mairesse, Belgian racing driver (d. 1969)
1928 - Zhu Rongji, Chinese politician
1929 - Ken Arthurson, Australian rugby league identity
1930 - Philippe Noiret, Lille France, actor (Soleil, Les Milles, Il Postino)
Actor and Singer Richard HarrisActor and Singer Richard Harris (1930) 1930 - Richard Harris, Ireland, actor (Man Called Horse)/singer (MacArthur Park)
1930 - Frank Gardner, Australian racing driver
1930 - Naimatullah Khan, Pakistani politician
1931 - Reginald Hall, endocrinologist
1931 - Sylvano Bussotti, Italian composer
1932 - Albert Collins, Leona TX, blues guitarist (Frosty, Showdown)
1933 - Olga Pozzi Escot, composer

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 10 of 10

1791 - Prince Willem Frederick (later King of Netherlands) marries his cousin princess Frederica Louise Wilhelmine of Prussia
Politician William Jennings BryanPolitician William Jennings Bryan (1884) 1884 - Politician William Jennings Bryan (24) weds Mary sweetheart Elizabeth Baird
1949 - Television host and comedian Johnny Carson (23) weds Joan Morrill Wolcott (23) at the North Platte Episcopalian Church
1984 - Actress Sigourney Weaver (34) weds filmmaker Jim Simpson (28)
1988 - Robert Englund, actor who plays Freddie Kruger weds Nancy Booth
1994 - Actress Whoopi Goldberg (38) weds labor union organizer Lyle Trachtenberg in California
2006 - Baseball player Darryl Strawberry (44) weds Tracy Boulware
2008 - "7th Heaven" actress Beverley Mitchell (27) weds Michael Cameron (27) at the Church of Santa Maria a Gradillo in Ravello, Italy
Baseball Player Darryl StrawberryBaseball Player Darryl Strawberry (2006) 2011 - Rock bassist Gene Simmons (62) weds actress and model Shannon Tweed (55) at the historic Beverly Hills Hotel in Beverly Hills, California
2012 - "Sugar Ray" singer Mark McGrath (44) weds his longtime love Carin Kingsland (39) at San Ysidro Ranch in Santa Barbara, California

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 127

290 - [Christian] Bacchus, roman soldier/martyred saint, killed
540 - Vedastus St Vaast, 1st bishop of Atrecht/saint, dies
552 - Teja, king of Ostrogoten, dies in battle
959 - King Edwy of England
976 - Al-Hakam II, Moors kalief of Cordoba, dies
1040 - Alan III, Duke of Brittany (poisoned) (b. 997)
1189 - Gerard de Ridefort, grandmaster of the Knights Templar
1310 - Beatrice of Burgundy, Lady of Bourbon (b. 1257)
1404 - Boniface IX, [Pietro Tomacelli], Pope (1389-1404), dies
1499 - Marsilio Ficino, Italian philosopher (b. 1433)
1500 - John Alcock, English Catholic bishop
1567 - Pietro Carnesecchi, Italian humanist (b. 1508)
1570 - Frans Floris, Flemish painter (b. 1520)
1574 - Maarten van Heemskerck, Dutch painter (Christ), dies at 76
1578 - Don John of Austria, Spanish military leader, dies at 31
1588 - Blessed Edward James, Catholic martyr
1602 - Hernando de Cabezon, composer, dies at 61
1609 - Gianmatteo Asola, Italian composer
1633 - Filaret, [Fjodor N Romanov], patriarch of Moscow, dies
1684 - Pierre Corneille, Fr lawyer/dramatist (El Cid, Polyeucte), dies at 42
1693 - Pedro Abarca, Spanish theologian (b. 1619)
1704 - Cornelis Dusart, painter/engraver, dies at 44
1708 - John Blow, composer (Venus & Adonis), dies at 59
1768 - Robert Simson, Scotland mathematician, dies at 80
1770 - Louis-Gabriel Guillemain, composer, dies at 64
1795 - Robert Bakewell, English cattle breeder, dies at about 70
1814 - Jakob I van Przysucha, Polish hassidic leader, dies
1837 - Robert Clark, American politician (b. 1777)
1838 - Charles Tennant, Scottish chemist and industrialist (b. 1768)
1864 - John Dunovant, US Confederate brig-general, dies in battle
1864 - Rose Greenhow, American Confederate spy (b. 1817)
1868 - Rama IV, [Phra Chomklao Chaoyuhua], king of Thai (1851-68), dies at 63
1876 - Henri-Jerome Bertini, composer, dies at 77
1876 - James Lick, California land baron (b. 1796)
1881 - Frantisek Matej Hilmar, composer, dies at 78
1901 - Abdur Rahman Khan, Emir of Afghanistan
1904 - William GGVV Harcourt, historian/English Sect of State, dies at 76
1911 - Wilhelm Dilthey, Germ philosopher (Das Leben Schleiermans), dies at 77
1913 - Eugene O'Keefe, Canadian businessman and philanthropist (b. 1827)
1927 - Wilhelm Harteveld, composer, dies at 68
1929 - Antoine Bourdelle, French sculptor (b. 1861)
1930 - Ricardo Drigo, composer, dies at 84
1936 - Oscar DaCosta, cricketer (WI all-rounder in 5 Tests 30-35), dies at 28
1942 - Ants Piip, Estonian Prime Minister (b. 1884)
1943 - Antoine T Broekman, resistance fighter, executed at 32
1943 - Anton JT Koreman, resistance fighter, executed at 27
1943 - Antoon Pleyte, resistance fighter, executed at 26
1943 - Dionysius Remiens, resistance fighter, executed at 24
1943 - Earnest Klijzing, resistance fighter, executed
1943 - Gideon Boissevain, resistance fighter, executed at 22
1943 - Hans Katan, resistance fighter, executed at 24
1943 - Henri H Geul, resistance fighter, executed at 27
1943 - Johan Kalshoven, resistance fighter, executed at 20
1943 - Johan Roemer, resistance fighter, executed at 22
1943 - Johan van Mierlo, resistance fighter, executed at 35
1943 - John Charles Boissevain, resistance fighter, executed at 23
1943 - Leo Frijda, resistance fighter, executed at 20
1943 - Louis Boissevain, resistance fighter, executed at 21
1943 - Maarten van/of Gilse, resistance fighter, executed at 27
1943 - Olaf T Thomsen, resistance fighter, executed at 23
1943 - Peter "Pam" Pooters, resistance fighter, executed at 32
1943 - Sape Kuiper, resistance fighter, executed at 19
1943 - Victor van Swieten, resistance fighter, executed at 36
1943 - Walter Brandligt, literature/resistance fighter, executed at 42
1945 - Walter B Cannon, US physiologist (Traumatic Shock), dies at 73
1955 - Charles Christie, American film studio owner (b. 1880)
1956 - Stan Ockers, Belgian world champ cyclist (1955), dies at 36
1958 - Robert Falk, Russian painter (b. 1886)
1961 - Donald Cook, actor (Too Young To Go Steady), dies at 60
1964 - Ernst Toch, composer (Melodie Lehre), dies at 76
1965 - Edward E "Doc" Smith, US, sci-fi writer (Subspace encounter), dies
1965 - Gareth Hughes, actor (Midnight Girl), dies at 71
1966 - Albert P A A Besnard, poet/journalist (Doom & Thirst), dies
1970 - Hans Poser, composer, dies at 52
1970 - Petar Konjovic, composer, dies at 87
1970 - Raoul Riganti, Argentine racing driver (b. 1893)
1972 - Kurt Hiller, writer, dies at 87
Archaeologist Louis LeakeyArchaeologist Louis Leakey (1972) 1972 - Louis Leakey, English anthropologist, dies at 68
1973 - Joe Devlin, actor (Sam-Dick Tracy), dies at 74
1974 - Spyridon Marinatos, Greek archaeologist (b. 1901)
1975 - Al Jackson, rock drummer (Booker T & The MG's), dies at 39
1979 - Roy Harris, US composer, dies at 81
1980 - George Meany, union pres (AFL-CIO), dies at 86
1984 - Walter Alston, Baseball manager (LA Dodgers), dies at 72
1985 - E. B. White, US author (New Yorker, Charlotte's Web), dies at 86
1988 - Sacheverell Sitwell, English writer (b. 1897)
1990 - Christine Forrest, actress (Martin), dies
1990 - Curtis E LeMay, USAF General/VP candidate, dies at 83
Writer E. B. WhiteWriter E. B. White (1985) 1991 - Jan van Tongeren, painter, dies
1992 - Bruce Vorhauer, inventor (Today contraceptive sponge), suicide at 50
1992 - Harry Milton Ray, singer/actor (Avanti!), dies of stroke at 45
1993 - Reizl Bozyk, Polish/US actress (Crossing Delancey), dies at 79
1993 - Janine Darcey, French actress (Priez pour nous), dies at 75
1993 - Joseph Warren, actor (Gift of Love, Urban Warriors), dies at 77
1994 - Brad O'Hare, dies of complications due to AIDS at 43
1994 - Carlos Lleras Restrepo, president of Colombia (1966-70), dies at 86
1994 - Karoli Ruth Needles, painter, dies at 54
1994 - Scott Dunbar, bluse vocalist/guitarist, dies at 90
1994 - Paul Lorenzen, German philosopher (b. 1915)
1995 - Aditya Biria, industrialist, dies at 50

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