This Day in History for 11th October

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 177

732 - Battle at Tours: France under Karel Martel beat Moors
1138 - A massive earthquake struck Aleppo, Syria.
1521 - Pope Leo X titles King Henry VIII of England "Defender of the Faith"
1531 - Battle at Kappel: Swiss Roman Catholic kantons beat protestant forces of Zurich
1531 - Huldrych Zwingli Swiss reformation leader is killed at the Battle at Kappel
1540 - Emperor Karel names his son Philip, Duke of Milan
1573 - Battle of South Seas - Dutch rebels beat Spanish navy
1614 - Adriaen Block and 12 Amsterdam merchants petition the States General for exclusive trading rights in the New Netherland colony.
1634 - the Burchardi flood — "the second Grote Mandrenke" killed around 15,000 men in North Friesland, Denmark and Germany.
1674 - Pierre Corneille's "Surena" premieres in Paris
King of England Henry VIIIKing of England Henry VIII 1687 - Hungary accepts Habsburgse sovereignty
1698 - France, England & Netherlands sign 1st Extermination treaty
1726 - Benjamin Franklin returns to Philadelphia from England
1737 - Earthquake kills 300,000 and destroys half of Calcutta India
1746 - Battle at Rocourt: French drive out English/Austria/Neth armies
1776 - Brig Gen Arnold's Lake Champlain fleet defeated by British
1797 - Battle of Camperdown (Kamperduin): English navy defeats Dutch fleet
1809 - Along the Natchez Trace in Tennessee, explorer Meriwether Lewis dies under mysterious circumstances at an inn called Grinder's Stand.
Soldier/Public Administrator Meriwether LewisSoldier/Public Administrator Meriwether Lewis 1811 - The Juliana, 1st steam-powered ferryboat, begins operation
1852 - The University of Sydney, Australia's oldest university, is inaugurated in Sydney.
1861 - Battle of Dumfries, VA (Quantico Creek)
1863 - Skirmish at Rheatown/Henderson's Mill, Tennessee
1864 - Slavery abolished in Maryland
1864 - Campina Grande, Brazil was established as a city.
1865 - President Andrew Johnson paroles Confederate States VP Alexander H. Stephens
1865 - Paul Bogle led hundreds of black men and women in a march in Jamaica, starting the Morant Bay rebellion.
1868 - Thomas Edison patents his 1st invention: electric voice machine
Inventor Thomas EdisonInventor Thomas Edison 1871 - Great Chicago Fire is finally extinguished after 3 days, 300 killed
1873 - Toronto Argonaut Football Club 1st game losing to U of Toronto
1881 - David Houston patents roll film for cameras
1887 - A Miles patents elevator
1890 - 1st 100 yard dash under 10 seconds (John Owens 9-4/5 secs, Wash DC)
1890 - Daughters of American Revolution founded
1895 - Emperor Menelik II of Addis Ababa draws against Italians
1899 - South African Boers declare war on Great Britain
1902 - 8th US Golf Open: Laurie Auchterlonie shoots a 307 at Garden City NY
1902 - Commencement of 1st Test Cricket between South Africa & Australia
1902 - Lawrence Auchterlonie wins US Open golf tournament
1906 - White Sox Ed Walsh strikes out then record 12 in a World Series game
1906 - San Francisco Board of Education orders segregation in separate schools of Japanese, Chinese, and Korean children sparking diplomatic crisis
MLB Legend Ty CobbMLB Legend Ty Cobb 1911 - Ty Cobb (AL) & Frank Schulte (NL) are 1st MVPs, each gets an auto
1913 - Phila A's beat NY Giants, 4 games to 1 in 10th World Series
1914 - German troops occupy Gent
1915 - Bulgarian anti Serbian offensive begins
1915 - Despite international protest, Edith Cavell, and English nurse in Belgium, is executed by the Germans for aiding the escape of Allied prisoners
1918 - Major Tsumani shakes Caribbean
1919 - First transcontinental air race ends
1922 - First woman FBI "special investigator" appointed (Alaska Davidson)
1922 - Turkey & Greece sign cease fire
Baseball Legend Babe RuthBaseball Legend Babe Ruth 1923 - Babe Ruth hits 2 HRs in a World Series game
1923 - German Mark falls to 10 billion per £, 4 billion per $
1925 - Belgian episcopelian sspeaks against Flemish activism
1925 - NY Giants play 1st NFL game, lose to Providence 14-0
1927 - Lou Gehrig named AL MVP (Babe Ruth (former winner) not eligible)
1929 - Sean O'Casey's "Silver Tassle" premieres in London
1929 - JC Penney opens store #1252 in Milford, Delaware, making it a nationwide company with stores in all 48 U.S. states.
1930 - Collingwood Football Club in Melbourne, Australia, won the VFL premiership for the fourth consecutive year.
1931 - 100,000 extreme-right Germans form "Harzburger Front"
1932 - 1st political telecast (Democratic National Committee) at CBS, NYC
Soviet Union Premier Joseph StalinSoviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin 1932 - Stalin forces Zinoviev & Kamenev out of Communist Party
1936 - "Professor Quiz" first radio quiz show premieres
1939 - Albert Einstein informs FDR of possibilities of atomic bomb
1939 - Bucky Harris signs to manage Washington again
1939 - Gertrude Lawrence's "Skylark" premieres in NYC
1939 - NAACP organized Legal Defense & Education Fund
1941 - 1st NSB-battalion departures to Eastern front
1942 - -Oct 12] Sea battle at Cape Esperance Guadalcanal
1943 - NY Yankees beat Cards 4 games to 1, in 40th World Series, to become 1st team to win 10 World Series
1944 - Allies bomb sea wall at Veere
1944 - Tuvinian People's Republic or formerly Tannu Tuva was annexed by the U.S.S.R
Actress Gene TierneyActress Gene Tierney 1944 - "Laura", starring Gene Tierney, is released
1945 - Chinese civil war begins, Chiang Kai-Shek vs Mao Zedong
1945 - JPL WAC Corporal Launch (1st Man-Made Object to escape Atmosphere)
1947 - Brazil & Chile break diplomatic relations with USSR
1948 - "Love Life" opens at 46th St Theater NYC for 252 performances
1948 - "Where's Chartev?" opens at St James Theater NYC for 792 performances
1948 - Cleve Indians beat Boston Braves, 4 games to 2 in 45th World Series
1950 - The U.S. Federal Communications Commission issues the first license to broadcast television in color, to CBS
Chinese Communist Revolutionary Mao ZedongChinese Communist Revolutionary Mao Zedong 1954 - "On Your Toes" opens at 46th St Theater NYC for 64 performances
1954 - Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Ad caeli Reginam
1955 - All Peron feast days disposed of in Argentina
1955 - Persia signs Pact of Baghdad
1956 - 1st Pakistan v Australia Test 95 runs scored on 1st day
1956 - Great Britain performs nuclear test at Maralinga Australia
1956 - AL Pres Will Harridge bars Wash Senators move to West Coast, unless unanimously approved by the other AL owners
1958 - "Goldilocks" opens at Lunt Fontanne Theater NYC for 161 performances
1958 - 2nd US Moon probe, Pioneer 1, reaches 113,810 km, falls back
1959 - KTHI TV channel 11 in Fargo-Grand Forks, ND (NBC) begins broadcasting
1960 - Hurricane ravages East-Pakistan (6,000 die)
1960 - Radio/TV executive John Fetzer buys a controlling interest of Detroit Tigers
1961 - USAF Major Robert M White takes X-15 to 66,100m
1961 - USSR performs nuclear test
1962 - 1st appearance of a Gabor sister on Merv Griffin Show
Pope John XXIIIPope John XXIII 1962 - 2nd Vatican Council (21st ecumenical) convened by Pope John XXIII
1964 - Ruth Jessen wins LPGA Hillside House Ladies' Golf Open
1967 - World Series record 3 consecutive HRs (Carl Yastremski, Reggie Smith, & Rico Petrocelli) by Red Sox
1967 - Yoko Plus Me art exhibit opens in London (the me is John Lennon)
1968 - Apollo 7 (Schirra, Eisele & Cunningham) made 163 orbits in 260 hours
1968 - Billy Martin named manager of Twins
1968 - Panama revolts

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 213

1335 - Taejo of Joseon, ruler of Korea (d. 1408)
1573 - Jacob Boonen, South Netherlands clergyman/lawyer
1593 - Claes P "Nicolaas" Tulip, anatomy/mayor of Amsterdam (1654..71)
1611 - Hugues de Lionne, Marquess de Berry, French ambassador to Rome
1616 - Andreas Gryphius, German writer (d. 1664)
1661 - Melchior de Polignac, French diplomat/elect (Anti-Lucretius)
1671 - Frederik IV, king of Denmark/Norway (1699-1730)
1671 - Richard Moungler (d. 1730)
1672 - Pylyp Orlyk, Ukrainian Zaporozhian Cossack starshina, diplomat (d. 1742)
1675 - Samuel Clarke, English philosopher (d. 1729)
1738 - Arthur Phillip, admiral/1st governor New-South Wales
1747 - Marian Paradeiser, composer
1758 - Wilhelm Olbers, discovered asteroids (Pallas & Vesta)
1768 - Adriaan van den Ende, Dutch vicar/educationalist
1782 - Steen Steensen Blicher, Denmk, poet/short-story writer (E Binddstouw)
1786 - Stevenson Archer, American Congressman (d. 1848)
1788 - Simon Sechter, composer
1803 - Albartus Telting, Frisian poet (Frisianch Jierboeckjen)
1806 - Aleksandar I Karadjordjevic, monarch of Serbia (1842-58)
1809 - Orson Squire Fowler, American phrenologist (d. 1887)
1814 - Jean Baptiste Lamy, first Archbishop of Santa Fe (d. 1888)
1815 - Pierre Napoleon Bonaparte, Corsican representative of the people
1820 - Alfred Washington Ellet, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1895
1821 - Angelo Maurizio Gaspare Mariani, composer
1821 - George Williams, England, founder YMCA
1825 - C F Meyer, writer
1825 - Elkanah Brackin Greer, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1877
1835 - Hunter Holmes McGuire, Med Director (Confederate Army), died in 1900
1841 - Freidrich Hegar, composer
Founder of Heinz Henry John HeinzFounder of Heinz Henry John Heinz (1844) 1844 - Henry John Heinz, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, founded prepared-foods company (Heinz-57 varieties), (d. 1919)
1863 - Xavier Henry Napoleon Leroux, composer
1865 - Hans E Kinck, Norwegian philological/writer (Mot Karnaval)
1869 - Gordon Frederic Norton, composer
1871 - Johan Oscar Smith, Norweigian religious leader (d. 1943)
1872 - Harlan Fiske Stone, NH, Supreme Court (1925-41) Chief Justice (41-46)
1875 - Stefan O Iosif, Romania, poet (Beautiful Irine)
1876 - G von Le Fort, writer
1877 - John Parsons Beach, composer
1881 - Stark Young, US critic/writer (So Red the Rose)
1881 - Hans Kelsen, Austrian legal theorist (d. 1973)
1882 - Robert Nathaniel Dett, composer
1882 - Will Vesper, German author (Vom grossen Krieg)
1883 - Archibald T Davison, composer
US First Lady Eleanor RooseveltUS First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt (1884) 1884 - Eleanor Roosevelt, [Anna], New York, 1st lady (1933-1945)/crusader (Nobel 1931), (d. 1962)
1884 - Friedrich C R Bergius, German chemist (benzine from brown coal, Nobel)
1884 - Robert Muller-Hartmann, composer
1884 - Sig Ruman, [Siegfried Rumann], Hamburg Germany
1885 - Alfred Haar, Hungary, mathematician
1885 - Francois Mauriac, France, novelist/poet/playwright (Nobel 1952)
1888 - Piero Coppola, composer
1891 - Antonius [Jacob LT] van der Veen Zeppenfeldt, Antillian Bishop
1894 - Albert Stoessel, composer
1895 - H Schiebelhuth, writer
1896 - Roman Jakobson, linguist/Slavic scholar (Fundamentals of Language)
1897 - Arvo Hannikainen, composer
1897 - George Preston Marshall, NFL team owner (Washington Redskins)
1897 - Nathan F Twining, USAF general (Neither Liberty nor Safety)
1897 - Russell Collins, New Orleans LA
1899 - A L "Oosh" Ochse, cricketer (no relation to A E South African fast bowler)
1899 - Eddie Dyer, American baseball player (d. 1964)
1900 - Cal Hubbard, NFL tackle (Giants, Packers, Pittsburgh Pirates)
1901 - Emil Hlobil, composer
1902 - Leon Belasco, Odessa Russia, actor (Lucky Partners, My Sister Eileen)
1902 - Jayaprakash Narayan, Indian freedom fighter and political leader (d. 1979)
1905 - Fred Trump, American real estate developer, father of Donald Trump (d. 1999)
1906 - Earl "Dutch" Clark, Colo, NFL hall of fame QB (Spartans, Detroit)
1908 - Armen Carapetyan, composer
1910 - Eugene John Weigel, composer
1910 - Francis James Claude Piggott, soldier
1910 - Joseph Alsop, political newspaper columnist (Men Around the President)
1913 - J J Pickle, (Rep-D-TX, 1963- )
1914 - Edward J Day, US Postmaster General (1961)
1917 - Franz Alphons Wolpert, composer
1918 - Jerome Robbins, [Rabinowitz], NY, choreographer (Tony-West Side Story)
1919 - Art Blakey, Pitts PA, drummer (Billy Eckstine Band, Jazz Messengers)
1919 - Jean Vander Pyl, American voice actress (d. 1999)
1924 - Mal Whitfield, American athlete
1925 - Elmore Leonard, US writer (Glitz, Mr Majestyk, Touch, 52 Pick-Up), (d. 2013)
1926 - Earle Hyman, NC, actor (Russell-Cosby, Coriolanus)
1926 - John Dewes, cricketer (England opener late 40's early 50's)
1926 - Nhất Hạnh, Vietnamese Zen Buddhist monk
1927 - Princess Joséphine-Charlotte of Belgium (d. 2005)
1929 - Liselotte Pulver, Swiss actress
1930 - Bill Fischer, baseball player
1930 - Harry Glass, German DR, 1st E German Olympic medalist (bronze-1956)
1930 - Sam Johnson, San Antonio, Texas, American politician (Rep-R-Texas)
1931 - Dorothy Woolfolk, American comic book editor (d. 2000)
1932 - Dottie West, Nashville Tenn, country singer (Here Comes My Baby)
1935 - Jan van Vlijmen, composer
1936 - Billy Higgins, American jazz drummer (d. 2001)
1937 - Bobby Charlton, English soccer player
1937 - Georgi Vladimirovich Machinski, cosmonaut
1937 - R. H. W. Dillard, American poet
1939 - Franklin A Sonn, union leader (South African workers)
1939 - Maria Bueno, Sao Paulo Brazil, tennis player (Wimbledon 1959)
1939 - Woiciech Wiesidlowski Lowski, dancer
1941 - Lester Bowie, American jazz trumpeter (d. 1999)
1941 - Charles Shyer, American film director
1942 - Amitabh Bachan, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, Indian actor and film producer (Deewar)
1942 - Malvin Whitfield, Bay City Tx, track star (Oly-3 gold/silv/br-48, 52)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 9 of 9

Jazz Musician Louis ArmstrongJazz Musician Louis Armstrong (1938) 1938 - Jazz musician Louis Armstrong (37) weds longtime girlfriend Alpha Smith
1948 - Fellow students Fidel Castro and Mirta Diaz-Balart marry (divorced 1955)
1954 - Philippine president Corazon Aquino (21) weds Tarlac governor Benigno Aquino Jr (22) in Pasay City, Philippines
1975 - Future US President Bill Clinton weds future Secretary of State Hillary Rodham
1987 - Rock and blues singer Joe Cocker (43) weds Pam Baker
1997 - "Charlie's Angels" actress Jaclyn Smith (52) weds Chicago heart surgeon Bradley Allen (43) at United Westwood Methodist Church
2003 - American Pie star Alyson Hannigan (29) weds Angel's Alexis Denisof (37) at the Two Bunch Palms Resort & Spa in Palm Springs, California
Rocker Joe CockerRocker Joe Cocker (1987) 2003 - "The West Wing" actress Annabeth Gish (32) weds former "The X-Files" stunt man Wade Allen at The Sea Ranch Lodge
2009 - "Mad Men" vixen Christina Hendricks (37) weds actor Geoffrey Arend (34) at the couple's favorite Il Buco restaurant in New York City

Famous Divorces

Divorces 1 - 1 of 1

Actor Jackie CooganActor Jackie Coogan (1939) 1939 - Actor Jackie Coogan (24) divorces actress Betty Grable (22) after 2 years of marriage

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 92 of 92

732 - Abd ar-Rahman, Yemenite general strategist (Bordeaux occupier), dies
965 - Bruno I, archbishop of Cologne/duke of Lutheran, dies at about 40
1188 - Robert I of Dreux, son of Louis VI of France
1303 - Boniface VIII, [Benedetto Gaetani], lawyer/pope (1294-1303), dies
1347 - Louis IV, Duke of Bayern/Romania-Germany King/emperor, dies
1424 - Jan Zizka, Czech (army)leader (Hussieten), dies of plague at 46
1531 - Huldrych Zwingli, Swiss church reformer (Zwinglianen), dies
1598 - Joachim Camerarius, German botanist (horticulture catalog), dies
1617 - Franchois Vranck, economist/writer (Deduction), dies at about 62
1666 - Henry de Fleury dee Coulan, mister of Buat/ritmeester, dies
1705 - Guillaume Amontons, French physicist, dies at 42
1708 - Ehrenfried Walther von Tschirnhaus, German mathematician (b. 1651)
1721 - Edward Colston, English merchant and philanthropist (b. 1636)
1725 - Hans Herr, Swiss-born Mennonite bishop (b. 1639)
1779 - Casimir Pułaski, Polish born fighter for American independence (b. 1745) dies in Battle of Savannah
Soldier/Public Administrator Meriwether LewisSoldier/Public Administrator Meriwether Lewis (1809) 1809 - Meriwether Lewis, (Lewis & Clark Expedition), commits suicide at 35
1811 - Johann Conrad Ammann, Swiss physician and naturalist (b. 1724)
1812 - Jurriaan F de Frederici, Dutch governor-gen (Suriname), dies at 60
1821 - John Ross Key, American judge and lawyer (b. 1754)
1837 - Samuel Wesley, composer (Exultate Deo), dies at 71
1839 - Leonor de Almeida marquesa de Alorna, Portuguese poet, dies at 88
1850 - Louisa Maria, queen of Belgium (1832-50)/wife of Leopold I, dies at 38
1852 - Ferdinand Eisenstein, German mathematician (b. 1823)
1889 - James Prescott Joule, English physicist (b. 1818)
1891 - Charles Stewart Parnells remains buried in Ireland
1896 - Anton Bruckner, Austrian composer (Te Deum, Wagner Symphony), dies at 72
1896 - Edward White Benson, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1829)
1897 - Leon Boelmann, French organist/composer (Suite Gothique), dies at 35
1917 - Harry Trott, cricketer (Aust capt played 24 Tests 1888-1898), dies
1925 - Karl M Lybeck, Fin/Swedish language poet (Samlade Arbeten), dies at 71
1933 - Josef Hofmiller, writer, dies
1935 - Frank Mitchell, cricketer (2 Tests for Eng then 3 for South Africa), dies
1935 - Steele Rudd, Australian author (b. 1868)
1940 - Lluís Companys, President of Generalitat of Catalonia (shot) (b. 1882)
1940 - Vito Volterra, Italian mathematician and physicist (b. 1860)
1942 - Leonid Vladimirovich Nikolayev, composer, dies at 64
1958 - J R Becher, writer, dies at 67
1959 - Bert Bell, NFL hall of famer, dies at 64
1960 - Richard Cromwell, actor (Jezebel, Riot Squad), dies of cancer at 50
1961 - Leonard "Chico" Marx, comedian (Marx Brothers), dies at 74
1962 - Erich Tschermak von Seysenegg, Austrian Botanist who was one of three scientists to independently rediscovered Gregor Mendel's work on the laws of genetics, dies at 90
Singer Edith PiafSinger Edith Piaf (1963) 1963 - Edith Piaf, French singer (No, I don't regret anything), dies at 47
1963 - Jean Cocteau, French author (La Voie Humaine), dies at 73
1965 - Dorothea Lange, American photographer (b. 1895)
1965 - Walther Stampfli, member of the Swiss Federal Council (b. 1884)
1970 - Anis Fuleihan, composer, dies at 69
1971 - Chester Conklin, actor (Greed, Modern Times), dies at 83
1971 - Chesty Puller, the most decorated Marine in history (b. 1898)
1976 - Connie Boswell, actress (Artists & Models), dies at 68
1976 - Alfredo Bracchi, Italian author (b. 1897)
1977 - Mason Gross, professor (Think Fast, 2 for the Money), dies at 66
1977 - MacKinlay Kantor, American author (b. 1904)
1978 - Nancy Spungen, killed by boyfriend Six Vicious in NYC
1984 - Khanderao M Rangnekar, cricketer (33 runs at 5 50 for India), dies
1984 - Sid Carroll, cricketer (prolific NSW opener 1945-59 avg 39 59), dies
1985 - Tex Williams, country-western singer, dies at 68 of cancer
1986 - Norm Cash, 1st baseman (Detroit Tigers), dies at 51
1988 - Bonita Granville, actress (Lone Ranger, Hitler's Children), dies at 55
1988 - Morgan Farley, actor (Open Secret), dies of natural causes at 90
1988 - Wayland Flowers, ventriloquist (Madame), dies of AIDS at 48
1989 - Paul Shenar, actor (Deadly Force, Dream Lover), dies at 53
1989 - M. King Hubbert, American geophysicist (b. 1904)
1990 - Douglas Edwards, WW II correspondent, dies of cancer at 73
1990 - Robert Tessier, actor (Nightwish, Future Force), dies at 56
1991 - Steven Jesse Bernstein, American underground poet (suicide) (b. 1950)
1992 - Theo Wolvencamp, painter (Cobra), dies
1992 - Willem RJ Wittkampf, journalist/writer (Liner, Cannon), dies
1993 - Jess Thomas, American tenor (b. 1927)
1994 - Maja Bulgakova, Ukranian actress (Krylja), dies in auto-accident at 62
1994 - Nic Jonk, sculptor/painter (Nereus on Zeepaard), dies at 66
1996 - Arthur Walter Lucas, picture restorer, dies at 80
1996 - Edith Tilton Penrose, economist, dies at 81
1996 - Johnny Costa, jazz pianist (Mr Rogers), dies at 74
1996 - Keith Boyce, cricketer (West Indies all-rounder 1969-76), dies of chronic cirrhosis of the liver at 53
1996 - Terry Patchett, politician, dies at 56
1996 - William Vickrey, economist, dies at 82
1996 - Lars Ahlfors, Finnish mathematician (b. 1907)
1998 - Richard Denning, American actor (b. 1914)
2000 - Donald Dewar, First Minister of Scotland (b. 1937)
2002 - Dina Pathak, Indian Actress (b. 1922)
2003 - Franklyn Perring, English Botanist, dies of cancer at 76
2004 - Keith Miller, Australian sportsman (b. 1919)
2005 - Edward Szczepanik, Polish economist and Prime Minister in exile (b. 1915)
2005 - Shan-ul-Haq Haqqee, Linguist, and writer of Pakistan (b. 1917)
2006 - Cory Lidle, American baseball pitcher (b. 1972)
2006 - Howard Kerzner, Chief Executive Officer of Kerzner International (b. 1964)
2006 - Benito Martínez, Cuban who claimed to be the oldest person, died mildly ironically. Family didn't mourn - mostly dead also. (b. ?1880)
2007 - Werner von Trapp, member of the Trapp Family Singers (b. 1915)
2007 - David Lee "Tex" Hill, World War Two fighter pilot, flying ace, 1st American Volunteer Group (b. 1915)
2008 - Jörg Haider, Austrian far-right politician (b. 1950)
2009 - Veronika Neugebauer, German actress and voice actress (b. 1969)
2012 - John Junior "Champ" Summers, American MLB player, dies from kidney cancer at 66

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