This Day in History for 11th October

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 176

732 - Battle at Tours: France under Karel Martel beat Moors
1138 - A massive earthquake struck Aleppo, Syria.
1521 - Pope Leo X titles King Henry VIII of England "Defender of the Faith"
1531 - Battle at Kappel: Swiss Roman Catholic kantons beat protestant forces of Zurich
1531 - Huldrych Zwingli Swiss reformation leader is killed at the Battle at Kappel
1540 - Emperor Karel names his son Philip, Duke of Milan
1573 - Battle of South Seas - Dutch rebels beat Spanish navy
1614 - Adriaen Block and 12 Amsterdam merchants petition the States General for exclusive trading rights in the New Netherland colony.
1634 - the Burchardi flood — "the second Grote Mandrenke" killed around 15,000 men in North Friesland, Denmark and Germany.
1643 - Battle at Wincebt: English New Model-army beats royalists
King of England Henry VIIIKing of England Henry VIII 1674 - Pierre Corneille's "Surena," premieres in Paris
1687 - Hungary accepts Habsburgse sovereignty
1698 - France, England & Netherlands signs 1st Extermination treaty
1726 - Benjamin Franklin returns to Philadelphia from England
1737 - Earthquake kills 300,000 and destroys half of Calcutta India
1746 - Battle at Rocourt: French drive out English/Austria/Neth armies
1776 - Brig Gen Arnold's Lake Champlain fleet defeated by British
1797 - Battle of Camperdown (Kamperduin): English navy defeats Dutch fleet
Soldier/Public Administrator Meriwether LewisSoldier/Public Administrator Meriwether Lewis 1809 - Along the Natchez Trace in Tennessee, explorer Meriwether Lewis dies under mysterious circumstances at an inn called Grinder's Stand.
1811 - The Juliana, 1st steam-powered ferryboat, begins operation
1852 - The University of Sydney, Australia's oldest university, is inaugurated in Sydney.
1861 - Battle of Dumfries, VA (Quantico Creek)
1863 - Skirmish at Rheatown/Henderson's Mill, Tennessee
1864 - Slavery abolished in Maryland
1864 - Campina Grande, Brazil was established as a city.
1865 - President Andrew Johnson paroles Confederate States VP Alexander H. Stephens
1865 - Paul Bogle led hundreds of black men and women in a march in Jamaica, starting the Morant Bay rebellion.
Inventor Thomas EdisonInventor Thomas Edison 1868 - Thomas Edison patents his 1st invention: electric voice machine
1871 - Great Chicago Fire is finally extinguished after 3 days, 300 killed
1873 - Toronto Argonaut Football Club 1st game losing to U of Toronto
1881 - David Houston patents roll film for cameras
1887 - A Miles patents elevator
1890 - 1st 100 yard dash under 10 seconds (John Owens 9-4/5 secs, Wash DC)
1890 - Daughters of American Revolution founded
1895 - Emperor Menelik II of Addis Ababa draws against Italians
1899 - South African Boers declare war on Great Britain
1902 - 8th US Golf Open: Laurie Auchterlonie shoots a 307 at Garden City NY
1902 - Commencement of 1st Test Cricket between South Africa & Australia
1902 - Lawrence Auchterlonie wins US Open golf tournament
1906 - SF begins school for "Asians"
1906 - White Sox Ed Walsh strikes out then record 12 in a World Series game
1906 - San Francisco public school board sparks United States diplomatic crisis with Japan by ordering Japanese students to be taught in racially segregated schools.
1906 - The San Francisco Board of Education orders segregation in separate schools of Japanese, Chinese, and Korean children
MLB Legend Ty CobbMLB Legend Ty Cobb 1911 - Ty Cobb (AL) & Frank Schulte (NL) are 1st MVPs, each gets an auto
1913 - Phila A's beat NY Giants, 4 games to 1 in 10th World Series
1914 - German troops occupy Gent
1915 - Bulgarian anti Serbian offensive begins
1915 - Despite international protest, Edith Cavell, and English nurse in Belgium, is executed by the Germans for aiding the escape of Allied prisoners
1918 - Major Tsumani shakes Caribbean
1919 - 1st transcontinental air race ends
1922 - 1st woman FBI "special investigator" appointed (Alaska Davidson)
1922 - Turkey & Greece sign cease fire
Baseball Legend Babe RuthBaseball Legend Babe Ruth 1923 - Babe Ruth hits 2 HRs in a World Series game
1923 - German mark falls to 10 billion per £, 4 billion per $
1925 - Belgian episcopelian sspeaks against Flemish activism
1925 - NY Giants play 1st NFL game, lose to Providence 14-0
1927 - Lou Gehrig named AL MVP (Babe Ruth (former winner) not eligible)
1929 - Sean O'Casey's "Silver Tassle," premieres in London
1929 - JC Penney opens store #1252 in Milford, Delaware, making it a nationwide company with stores in all 48 U.S. states.
1930 - Collingwood Football Club in Melbourne, Australia, won the VFL premiership for the fourth consecutive year.
1931 - 100,000 extreme-right Germans form "Harzburger Front"
1932 - 1st political telecast (Democratic National Committee) at CBS, NYC
Soviet Union Premier Joseph StalinSoviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin 1932 - Stalin forces Zinoviev & Kamenev out of Communist Party
1936 - "Professor Quiz," 1st radio quiz show premieres
1939 - Albert Einstein informs FDR of possibilities of atomic bomb
1939 - Bucky Harris signs to manage Washington again
1939 - Gertrude Lawrence's "Skylark," premieres in NYC
1939 - NAACP organized Legal Defense & Education Fund
1941 - 1st NSB-battalion departures to Eastern front
1942 - -Oct 12] Sea battle at Cape Esperance Guadalcanal
1943 - NY Yankees beat Cards 4 games to 1, in 40th World Series, to become 1st team to win 10 World Series
1944 - Allies bomb sea wall at Veere
1944 - Tuvinian People's Republic or formerly Tannu Tuva was annexed by the U.S.S.R
Chinese Communist Revolutionary Mao ZedongChinese Communist Revolutionary Mao Zedong 1945 - Chinese civil war begins, Chiang Kai-Shek vs Mao Zedong
1945 - JPL WAC Corporal Launch (1st Man-Made Object to escape Atmosphere)
1947 - Brazil & Chile break diplomatic relations with USSR
1948 - "Love Life" opens at 46th St Theater NYC for 252 performances
1948 - "Where's Chartev?" opens at St James Theater NYC for 792 performances
1948 - Cleve Indians beat Boston Braves, 4 games to 2 in 45th World Series
1950 - The U.S. Federal Communications Commission issues the first license to broadcast television in color, to CBS
1954 - "On Your Toes" opens at 46th St Theater NYC for 64 performances
1954 - Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Ad caeli Reginam
1955 - All Peron feast days disposed of in Argentina
1955 - Persia signs Pact of Baghdad
1956 - 1st Pakistan v Australia Test 95 runs scored on 1st day
1956 - Great Britain performs nuclear test at Maralinga Australia
1956 - AL Pres Will Harridge bars Wash Senators move to West Coast, unless unanimously approved by the other AL owners
1958 - "Goldilocks" opens at Lunt Fontanne Theater NYC for 161 performances
1958 - 2nd US Moon probe, Pioneer 1, reaches 113,810 km, falls back
1959 - KTHI TV channel 11 in Fargo-Grand Forks, ND (NBC) begins broadcasting
1960 - Hurricane ravages East-Pakistan (6,000 die)
1960 - Radio-TV exec John Fetzer buys a controlling interest of Det Tigers
1961 - USAF Major Robert M White takes X-15 to 66,100m
1961 - USSR performs nuclear test
1962 - 1st appearance of a Gabor sister on Merv Griffin Show
Pope John XXIIIPope John XXIII 1962 - 2nd Vatican Council (21st ecumenical) convened by Pope John XXIII
1964 - Ruth Jessen wins LPGA Hillside House Ladies' Golf Open
1967 - World Series record 3 consecutive HRs (Carl Yastremski, Reggie Smith, & Rico Petrocelli) by Red Sox
1967 - Yoko Plus Me art exhibit opens in London (the me is John Lennon)
1968 - Apollo 7 (Schirra, Eisele & Cunningham) made 163 orbits in 260 hours

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 213

1335 - Taejo of Joseon, ruler of Korea (d. 1408)
1573 - Jacob Boonen, South Netherlands clergyman/lawyer
1593 - Claes P "Nicolaas" Tulip, anatomy/mayor of Amsterdam (1654..71)
1611 - Hugues de Lionne, Marquess de Berry, French ambassador to Rome
1616 - Andreas Gryphius, German writer (d. 1664)
1661 - Melchior de Polignac, French diplomat/elect (Anti-Lucretius)
1671 - Frederik IV, king of Denmark/Norway (1699-1730)
1671 - Richard Moungler (d. 1730)
1672 - Pylyp Orlyk, Ukrainian Zaporozhian Cossack starshina, diplomat (d. 1742)
1675 - Samuel Clarke, English philosopher (d. 1729)
1738 - Arthur Phillip, admiral/1st governor New-South Wales
1747 - Marian Paradeiser, composer
1758 - Wilhelm Olbers, discovered asteroids (Pallas & Vesta)
1768 - Adriaan van den Ende, Dutch vicar/educationalist
1782 - Steen Steensen Blicher, Denmk, poet/short-story writer (E Binddstouw)
1786 - Stevenson Archer, American Congressman (d. 1848)
1788 - Simon Sechter, composer
1803 - Albartus Telting, Frisian poet (Frisianch Jierboeckjen)
1806 - Aleksandar I Karadjordjevic, monarch of Serbia (1842-58)
1809 - Orson Squire Fowler, American phrenologist (d. 1887)
1814 - Jean Baptiste Lamy, first Archbishop of Santa Fe (d. 1888)
1815 - Pierre Napoleon Bonaparte, Corsican representative of the people
1820 - Alfred Washington Ellet, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1895
1821 - Angelo Maurizio Gaspare Mariani, composer
1821 - George Williams, England, founder YMCA
1825 - C F Meyer, writer
1825 - Elkanah Brackin Greer, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1877
1835 - Hunter Holmes McGuire, Med Director (Confederate Army), died in 1900
1841 - Freidrich Hegar, composer
Founder of Heinz Henry John HeinzFounder of Heinz Henry John Heinz (1844) 1844 - Henry John Heinz, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, founded prepared-foods company (Heinz-57 varieties), (d. 1919)
1863 - Xavier Henry Napoleon Leroux, composer
1865 - Hans E Kinck, Norwegian philological/writer (Mot Karnaval)
1869 - Gordon Frederic Norton, composer
1871 - Johan Oscar Smith, Norweigian religious leader (d. 1943)
1872 - Harlan Fiske Stone, NH, Supreme Court (1925-41) Chief Justice (41-46)
1875 - Stefan O Iosif, Romania, poet (Beautiful Irine)
1876 - G von Le Fort, writer
1877 - John Parsons Beach, composer
1881 - Stark Young, US critic/writer (So Red the Rose)
1881 - Hans Kelsen, Austrian legal theorist (d. 1973)
1882 - Robert Nathaniel Dett, composer
1882 - Will Vesper, German author (Vom grossen Krieg)
1883 - Archibald T Davison, composer
US First Lady Eleanor RooseveltUS First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt (1884) 1884 - Eleanor Roosevelt, [Anna], New York, 1st lady (1933-1945)/crusader (Nobel 1931), (d. 1962)
1884 - Friedrich C R Bergius, German chemist (benzine from brown coal, Nobel)
1884 - Robert Muller-Hartmann, composer
1884 - Sig Ruman, [Siegfried Rumann], Hamburg Germany
1885 - Alfred Haar, Hungary, mathematician
1885 - Francois Mauriac, France, novelist/poet/playwright (Nobel 1952)
1888 - Piero Coppola, composer
1891 - Antonius [Jacob LT] van der Veen Zeppenfeldt, Antillian Bishop
1894 - Albert Stoessel, composer
1895 - H Schiebelhuth, writer
1896 - Roman Jakobson, linguist/Slavic scholar (Fundamentals of Language)
1897 - Arvo Hannikainen, composer
1897 - George Preston Marshall, NFL team owner (Washington Redskins)
1897 - Nathan F Twining, USAF general (Neither Liberty nor Safety)
1897 - Russell Collins, New Orleans LA
1899 - A L "Oosh" Ochse, cricketer (no relation to A E South African fast bowler)
1899 - Eddie Dyer, American baseball player (d. 1964)
1900 - Cal Hubbard, NFL tackle (Giants, Packers, Pittsburgh Pirates)
1901 - Emil Hlobil, composer
1902 - Leon Belasco, Odessa Russia, actor (Lucky Partners, My Sister Eileen)
1902 - Jayaprakash Narayan, Indian freedom fighter and political leader (d. 1979)
1905 - Fred Trump, American real estate developer, father of Donald Trump (d. 1999)
1906 - Earl "Dutch" Clark, Colo, NFL hall of fame QB (Spartans, Detroit)
1908 - Armen Carapetyan, composer
1910 - Eugene John Weigel, composer
1910 - Francis James Claude Piggott, soldier
1910 - Joseph Alsop, political newspaper columnist (Men Around the President)
1913 - J J Pickle, (Rep-D-TX, 1963- )
1914 - Edward J Day, US Postmaster General (1961)
1917 - Franz Alphons Wolpert, composer
1918 - Jerome Robbins, [Rabinowitz], NY, choreographer (Tony-West Side Story)
1919 - Art Blakey, Pitts PA, drummer (Billy Eckstine Band, Jazz Messengers)
1919 - Jean Vander Pyl, American voice actress (d. 1999)
1924 - Mal Whitfield, American athlete
1925 - Elmore Leonard, US writer (Glitz, Mr Majestyk, Touch, 52 Pick-Up), (d. 2013)
1926 - Earle Hyman, NC, actor (Russell-Cosby, Coriolanus)
1926 - John Dewes, cricketer (England opener late 40's early 50's)
1926 - Nhất Hạnh, Vietnamese Zen Buddhist monk
1927 - Princess Joséphine-Charlotte of Belgium (d. 2005)
1929 - Liselotte Pulver, Swiss actress
1930 - Bill Fischer, baseball player
1930 - Harry Glass, German DR, 1st E German Olympic medalist (bronze-1956)
1930 - Sam Johnson, San Antonio, Texas, American politician (Rep-R-Texas)
1931 - Dorothy Woolfolk, American comic book editor (d. 2000)
1932 - Dottie West, Nashville Tenn, country singer (Here Comes My Baby)
1935 - Jan van Vlijmen, composer
1936 - Billy Higgins, American jazz drummer (d. 2001)
1937 - Bobby Charlton, English soccer player
1937 - Georgi Vladimirovich Machinski, cosmonaut
1937 - R. H. W. Dillard, American poet
1939 - Franklin A Sonn, union leader (South African workers)
1939 - Maria Bueno, Sao Paulo Brazil, tennis player (Wimbledon 1959)
1939 - Woiciech Wiesidlowski Lowski, dancer
1941 - Lester Bowie, American jazz trumpeter (d. 1999)
1941 - Charles Shyer, American film director
1942 - Amitabh Bachan, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, Indian actor and film producer (Deewar)
1942 - Malvin Whitfield, Bay City Tx, track star (Oly-3 gold/silv/br-48, 52)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 8 of 8

Jazz Musician Louis ArmstrongJazz Musician Louis Armstrong (1938) 1938 - Jazz musician Louis Armstrong (37) weds longtime girlfriend Alpha Smith
1948 - Fellow students Fidel Castro and Mirta Diaz-Balart marry (divorced 1955)
1975 - Future US President Bill Clinton weds future Secretary of State Hillary Rodham
1987 - Rock and blues singer Joe Cocker (43) weds Pam Baker
1997 - "Charlie's Angels" actress Jaclyn Smith (52) weds Chicago heart surgeon Bradley Allen (43) at United Westwood Methodist Church
2003 - American Pie star Alyson Hannigan (29) weds Angel's Alexis Denisof (37) at the Two Bunch Palms Resort & Spa in Palm Springs, California
2003 - "The West Wing" actress Annabeth Gish (32) weds former "The X-Files" stunt man Wade Allen at The Sea Ranch Lodge
Rocker Joe CockerRocker Joe Cocker (1987) 2009 - "Mad Men" vixen Christina Hendricks (37) weds actor Geoffrey Arend (34) at the couple's favorite Il Buco restaurant in New York City

Famous Divorces

Divorces 1 - 1 of 1

Actor Jackie CooganActor Jackie Coogan (1939) 1939 - Actor Jackie Coogan (24) divorces actress Betty Grable (22) after 2 years of marriage

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 90 of 90

732 - Abd ar-Rahman, Yemenite general strategist (Bordeaux occupier), dies
965 - Bruno I, archbishop of Cologne/duke of Lutheran, dies at about 40
1188 - Robert I of Dreux, son of Louis VI of France
1303 - Boniface VIII, [Benedetto Gaetani], lawyer/pope (1294-1303), dies
1347 - Louis IV, Duke of Bayern/Romania-Germany King/emperor, dies
1424 - Jan Zizka, Czech (army)leader (Hussieten), dies of plague at 46
1531 - Huldrych Zwingli, Swiss church reformer (Zwinglianen), dies
1598 - Joachim Camerarius, German botanist (horticulture catalog), dies
1617 - Franchois Vranck, economist/writer (Deduction), dies at about 62
1666 - Henry de Fleury dee Coulan, mister of Buat/ritmeester, dies
1705 - Guillaume Amontons, French physicist, dies at 42
1708 - Ehrenfried Walther von Tschirnhaus, German mathematician (b. 1651)
1721 - Edward Colston, English merchant and philanthropist (b. 1636)
1725 - Hans Herr, Swiss-born Mennonite bishop (b. 1639)
1779 - Casimir Pułaski, Polish born fighter for American independence (b. 1745) dies in Battle of Savannah
Soldier/Public Administrator Meriwether LewisSoldier/Public Administrator Meriwether Lewis (1809) 1809 - Meriwether Lewis, (Lewis & Clark Expedition), commits suicide at 35
1811 - Johann Conrad Ammann, Swiss physician and naturalist (b. 1724)
1812 - Jurriaan F de Frederici, Dutch governor-gen (Suriname), dies at 60
1821 - John Ross Key, American judge and lawyer (b. 1754)
1837 - Samuel Wesley, composer (Exultate Deo), dies at 71
1839 - Leonor de Almeida marquesa de Alorna, Portuguese poet, dies at 88
1850 - Louisa Maria, queen of Belgium (1832-50)/wife of Leopold I, dies at 38
1852 - Ferdinand Eisenstein, German mathematician (b. 1823)
1889 - James Prescott Joule, English physicist (b. 1818)
1891 - Charles Stewart Parnells remains buried in Ireland
1896 - Anton Bruckner, Austr composer (Te Deum, Wagner Symphony), dies at 72
1896 - Edward White Benson, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1829)
1897 - Leon Boelmann, French organist/composer (Suite Gothique), dies at 35
1917 - Harry Trott, cricketer (Aust capt played 24 Tests 1888-1898), dies
1925 - Karl M Lybeck, Fin/Swedish language poet (Samlade Arbeten), dies at 71
1933 - Josef Hofmiller, writer, dies
1935 - Frank Mitchell, cricketer (2 Tests for Eng then 3 for South Africa), dies
1935 - Steele Rudd, Australian author (b. 1868)
1940 - Lluís Companys, President of Generalitat of Catalonia (shot) (b. 1882)
1940 - Vito Volterra, Italian mathematician and physicist (b. 1860)
1942 - Leonid Vladimirovich Nikolayev, composer, dies at 64
1958 - J R Becher, writer, dies at 67
1959 - Bert Bell, NFL hall of famer, dies at 64
1960 - Richard Cromwell, actor (Jezebel, Riot Squad), dies of cancer at 50
1961 - Leonard "Chico" Marx, comedian (Marx Brothers), dies at 74
Singer Edith PiafSinger Edith Piaf (1963) 1963 - Edith Piaf, French singer (No, I don't regret anything), dies at 47
1963 - Jean Cocteau, French author (La Voie Humaine), dies at 73
1965 - Dorothea Lange, American photographer (b. 1895)
1965 - Walther Stampfli, member of the Swiss Federal Council (b. 1884)
1970 - Anis Fuleihan, composer, dies at 69
1971 - Chester Conklin, actor (Greed, Modern Times), dies at 83
1971 - Chesty Puller, the most decorated Marine in history (b. 1898)
1976 - Connie Boswell, actress (Artists & Models), dies at 68
1976 - Alfredo Bracchi, Italian author (b. 1897)
1977 - Mason Gross, professor (Think Fast, 2 for the Money), dies at 66
1977 - MacKinlay Kantor, American author (b. 1904)
1978 - Nancy Spungen, killed by boyfriend Six Vicious in NYC
1984 - Khanderao M Rangnekar, cricketer (33 runs at 5 50 for India), dies
1984 - Sid Carroll, cricketer (prolific NSW opener 1945-59 avg 39 59), dies
1985 - Tex Williams, country-western singer, dies at 68 of cancer
1986 - Norm Cash, 1st baseman (Detroit Tigers), dies at 51
1988 - Bonita Granville, actress (Lone Ranger, Hitler's Children), dies at 55
1988 - Morgan Farley, actor (Open Secret), dies of natural causes at 90
1988 - Wayland Flowers, ventriloquist (Madame), dies of AIDS at 48
1989 - Paul Shenar, actor (Deadly Force, Dream Lover), dies at 53
1989 - M. King Hubbert, American geophysicist (b. 1904)
1990 - Douglas Edwards, WW II correspondent, dies of cancer at 73
1990 - Robert Tessier, actor (Nightwish, Future Force), dies at 56
1991 - Steven Jesse Bernstein, American underground poet (suicide) (b. 1950)
1992 - Theo Wolvencamp, painter (Cobra), dies
1992 - Willem RJ Wittkampf, journalist/writer (Liner, Cannon), dies
1993 - Jess Thomas, American tenor (b. 1927)
1994 - Maja Bulgakova, Ukranian actress (Krylja), dies in auto-accident at 62
1994 - Nic Jonk, sculptor/painter (Nereus on Zeepaard), dies at 66
1996 - Arthur Walter Lucas, picture restorer, dies at 80
1996 - Edith Tilton Penrose, economist, dies at 81
1996 - Johnny Costa, jazz pianist (Mr Rogers), dies at 74
1996 - Keith Boyce, cricketer (West Indies all-rounder 1969-76), dies of chronic cirrhosis of the liver at 53
1996 - Terry Patchett, politician, dies at 56
1996 - William Vickrey, economist, dies at 82
1996 - Lars Ahlfors, Finnish mathematician (b. 1907)
1998 - Richard Denning, American actor (b. 1914)
2000 - Donald Dewar, First Minister of Scotland (b. 1937)
2002 - Dina Pathak, Indian Actress (b. 1922)
2004 - Keith Miller, Australian sportsman (b. 1919)
2005 - Edward Szczepanik, Polish economist and Prime Minister in exile (b. 1915)
2005 - Shan-ul-Haq Haqqee, Linguist, and writer of Pakistan (b. 1917)
2006 - Cory Lidle, American baseball pitcher (b. 1972)
2006 - Howard Kerzner, Chief Executive Officer of Kerzner International (b. 1964)
2006 - Benito Martínez, Cuban who claimed to be the oldest person, died mildly ironically. Family didn't mourn - mostly dead also. (b. ?1880)
2007 - Werner von Trapp, member of the Trapp Family Singers (b. 1915)
2007 - David Lee "Tex" Hill, World War Two fighter pilot, flying ace, 1st American Volunteer Group (b. 1915)
2008 - Jörg Haider, Austrian far-right politician (b. 1950)
2009 - Veronika Neugebauer, German actress and voice actress (b. 1969)
2012 - John Junior "Champ" Summers, American MLB player, dies from kidney cancer at 66

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