This Day in History for 12th October

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 203

539 BC - The army of Cyrus the Great of Persia takes Babylon.
638 - Honorius I ends his reign as Catholic Pope; Pope Severinus elected
642 - John IV ends his reign as Catholic Pope
1165 - Rambam reaches Jerusalem
1216 - King John of England loses his crown jewels in The Wash, probably near Fosdyke, perhaps near Sutton Bridge
1279 - Nichiren, a Japanese Buddhist monk founder of Nichiren Buddhism, inscribes the Dai-Gohonzon
1285 - 180 Jews refuse baptism in Munich Germany, they are set on fire
1366 - King Frederick III of Siciliy forbids decorations on synagogues
1398 - The Treaty of Salynas is signed between Grand Duke of Lithuania Vytautas the Great and the Teutonic Knights, who received Samogitia.
1459 - Battle at Ludford Bridge: Richard of York defeated
1492 - Flemish rebel leader Philip van Kleef surrenders
Explorer of the New World Christopher ColumbusExplorer of the New World Christopher Columbus 1492 - Christopher Columbus's expedition makes landfall on Caribbean island he names San Salvador (likely Watling Island, Bahamas). The explorer believes he has reached East Asia (OS 21 Oct)
1504 - Queen Isabella I of Spain signs her testament
1509 - Emperor Maximilian leaves Italy
1518 - Pontifical ambassador interrogates Martin Luther
1549 - John Dudley earl of Warwick becomes English premier
1576 - Rudolf II succeeds Maximilian II as Holy Roman Emperor
1609 - Children's rhyme "Three Blind Mice" published in London
1654 - The Delft Explosion (gunpowder) devastates the city in the Netherlands, killing more than 100.
1659 - English Rump-government fires John Lambert & other generals
Founder of Protestanism Martin LutherFounder of Protestanism Martin Luther 1711 - Karel VI Habsburg crowned Roman Catholic emperor
1729 - Willem KH Friso installed as viceroy of Gelderland
1730 - Christian VI succeeds Frederik IV as king of Denmark
1773 - America's first insane asylum opens for 'Persons of Insane and Disordered Minds' in Virginia
1775 - US Navy forms
1776 - British Brigade begins guarding Throgg Necks Road in Bronx
1792 - First celebration of Columbus Day in the USA held in New York
1798 - Flemish uprising against French occupied Boerenkrijg
1798 - Friedrich von Schiller's "Wallensteins Lager" premieres in Weimar
1815 - Ex-king Joachim Murat van Naples sentenced to death
1822 - Second eruption of Galunggung (Java) destroys summit of mountain
1823 - Charles Macintosh of Scotland begins selling raincoats (Macs)
Naturalist Charles DarwinNaturalist Charles Darwin 1833 - Charles Darwin begins return trip to Buenos Aires
1836 - 18" of snow falls in Bridgewater, NY
1850 - First women's medical school (Women's Medical College of Penns), opens
1853 - John Morrissey wins boxing title, when Yankee Sullivan leaves ring after 36th round to slug Morrissey's fans
1854 - Lincoln University founded as Ashmun Institute
1860 - British & French troops capture Beijing
1861 - Confederate ironclad Manassas attack Union's Richmond on Mississippi
1862 - JEB Stuart completes his "second ride around Mcclellan"
1862 - Maj Gen Earl Van Dorn assumes command of Conf troops in Missisippi
Union General George McClellanUnion General George McClellan 1862 - Skirmish at Monocacy, Maryland
1871 - US President Grant condemns Ku Klux Klan
1872 - Montreal Foot Ball Club 1st game playing Quebec City to 0-0 tie
1879 - British troops occupy Kabul, Afghanistan
1881 - Henry M Stanley signs contract with Congo monarch
1886 - Hurricane & sea surge kills 250 at Indianola Texas
1886 - Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of 2nd Stain" (BG)
1891 - Astronomical Society of France is inaugurated
1892 - US Pledge of Allegiance first recited in public schools during Columbus Day
1898 - Establishment of the first town council in Mateur.
1899 - South Africa Boer Republic declares war on Britain
Engineer John Philip HollandEngineer John Philip Holland 1900 - The first modern submarine is commissioned by the U.S.Navy as the USS Holland, named for its designer John Philip Holland
1901 - Theodore Roosevelt renames "Executive Mansion," "The White House"
1903 - Lyric Theater opens at 213 W 42nd St NYC
1907 - Cubs beat Tigers 4 games to 0 with 1 tie in 4th World Series
1913 - John McGraw, after drinking, blames Wilbert Robinson's coaching mistakes for World Series lose, Robertson blames McGraw & is fired
1914 - 1st battle at Ypres begins
1915 - Ford Motor Company under Henry Ford manufactures its 1 millionth Model T automobile
26th US President Theodore Roosevelt26th US President Theodore Roosevelt 1915 - Theodore Roosevelt criticizes US citzens who identify themselves, with dual nationalities
1916 - Boston Red Sox beat Bkln Dodgers, 4 games to 1 in 13th World Series
1917 - The First Battle of Passchendaele, now Passendale
1918 - Cloquet fire kills 453 and injures or displaces 52,000 people
1920 - Cleve Indians beat Bkln Dodgers, 5 games to 2 in 17th World Series
1920 - Construction begins on Holland Tunnel connecting NJ & NYC
1920 - Man O'War's last race & win
1920 - Soccer team Quick '20 forms
1923 - NY Giant's Casey Stengel HR beats Yanks 1-0 in World Series
1924 - Sokolnicheskaya Radio begins broadcasting from Moscow
1925 - Albert Michelsen runs world record marathon (2:19:01.8)
1925 - German-Russian trade agreement signed
1927 - Hermann Goerner of Germany raises 24 men weighing 4,123 lbs on a plank with soles of his feet
1928 - 1st use of iron lung (Boston's Children Hospital)
1929 - Cubs blow 8-0 World Series lead, A's score 10 in 1 inning
1931 - 1st International Conference on Calendar Reform
1933 - Alcatraz becomes a federal prison (unofficially)
Gangster John DillingerGangster John Dillinger 1933 - John Dillinger escapes from jail in Allen County, Ohio
1933 - Gangster George Francis Barnes, aka Machine Gun Kelly, is sentenced to life imprisonment
1935 - Cole Porters musical "Jubilee," premieres in NYC
1941 - Russian government moves from Moscow to Volga as Nazis close in on Moscow
1942 - Successful Russian counter attack through 37th Guard division
1942 - US navy defeats Japanese in WW II Battle of Cape Esperance
1943 - US bombs Rabaul, New Britain
1944 - German army retreats from Athens
1948 - Casey Stengel takes over as Yankee manager
American Gangster George 'Machine Gun' KellyAmerican Gangster George 'Machine Gun' Kelly 1950 - "Call Me Madam" opens at Imperial Theater NYC for 644 performances
1952 - Hanif Mohammad scores twin 100s v N Zone (Ind) his 1st fc cricket tons
1952 - KBTV (now KUSA) TV channel 9 in Denver, CO (ABC) begins broadcasting
1953 - US & Greece signs peace treaty (US bases)
1955 - -13] Hurricane Hazel, kills 68 in Haiti
1956 - Marga Klompe becomes first Dutch women elected minister
1957 - "Mask & Gown" closes at John Golden Theater NYC after 39 performances
1957 - "Simply Heavenly" closes at Playhouse Theater NYC after 62 perfs
1957 - 1First commercial flight between California & Antartica
1957 - Canadian Prime Minister Lester Bowles Pearson wins Nobel Peace Prize
1958 - CVP wins municipal elections in Belgium
1958 - USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
1958 - WJRT TV channel 12 in Flint, MI (ABC) begins broadcasting
1959 - At the national congress of APRA in Peru a group of leftist radicals are expelled from the party. They will later form APRA Rebelde.
37th US President Richard Nixon37th US President Richard Nixon 1960 - JFK & Richard Nixon's third presidential debate

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 229

1008 - Emperor Go-Ichijō of Japan (d. 1036)
1350 - Dmitry Donskoy, Grand Prince of Moscovy (d. 1389)
1490 - Bernardo Pisano, composer
1537 - Edward VI, Tudor, King of England (1547-53)
1558 - Archduke Maximilian III of Austria (d. 1618)
1558 - Jacques Sirmond, French scholar and Jesuit (d. 1651)
1576 - Thomas Dudley, English-born American colonial magistrate (d. 1653)
1602 - William Chillingworth, English religious leader (d. 1644)
1686 - Silvius Leopold Weiss, composer
1710 - Jonathan Trumbull, American politician and statesman (d. 1785)
1712 - William Shippen, American physician and statesman (d. 1801)
1725 - Etienne Louis Geoffroy, French pharmacist and entomologist (d. 1810)
1742 - Johan Peter Melchior, German sculptor
1759 - Frantisek Vaclav Tomes, composer
1762 - John W Janssens, gov-gen of Cape colony/Dutch-Indies 1811
1763 - John Ross, composer
1792 - Christian Gmelin, German chemist (d. 1860)
1798 - A J Pedro I van Alcantara, Kaiser of Brazil (1822-31)/king of Portugal
1798 - Charles Albert, King of Sardinia (1831-49)
1801 - Friedrich Frey-Herosé, Swiss statesman (d. 1873)
1807 - John Tideman, Dutch Remonstrant theologist
1808 - John Liptrot Hatton, composer
1813 - Lyman Trumbull, MC (Union) died in 1896
1815 - William Joseph Hardee, Lt Gen (Confederate Army), died in 1873
1822 - Joseph Haydn Potter, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1892
1832 - Walter T Watts-Dunton, England, lawyer/poet/writer (Aylwin)
1840 - Helena Modjeska, Poland, Shakespearian actress (Juliet)/anti-Russian
1844 - George W Cable, American writer (Northampton Years)
1845 - Amintore Galli, composer
1855 - Arthur Nikisch, Szent-Miklos Hungary, conductor (Berlin Philharmonic)
1855 - August Sauer, Austria literature historian (Euphorion)
1855 - Jacobus of Looy, Dutch writer/painter (Death of My Cat) [or 9/12]
1860 - Elmer A Sperry, inventor (gyrocompass)
1865 - Arthur Harden, English chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1940)
1866 - Antonie Waldrop, painter/lithographer
1866 - James Ramsay MacDonald, (L) British PM (1924, 1929-35)
1872 - Ralph Vaughan Williams, Down Amp England, composer (Hugh the Drover)
1874 - Jimmy Burke, American baseball player (d. 1942)
1875 - Aleister [Edward S] Crowley, (75 pseudonames), British occultist
1878 - Karl Buresch, Austria politician
1880 - Healey Willan, composer
1880 - Louis Hémon, French novelist (d. 1913)
1881 - Carlos Lopez Buchardo, composer
1881 - William Nigh, Berlin Wisconsin, director (Ape, Doomed to Die, Mr Wong)
1882 - Hermann Wolfgang Sartorius Waltershausen, German musicologist/composer
1884 - Godfrey Tearle, English/US actor (39 Steps)
1886 - Karl Dane, Copenhagen Denmark, actor (Son of the Sheik)
1887 - Paula von Preradović, Croatian-Austrian poet (d. 1951)
1890 - Luis de Freitas Branco, composer
1891 - Edith Stein, German philosopher
1892 - Gilda dalla Rizza, Italian soprano (d. 1975)
1893 - Pall Isolfsson, composer
1893 - Velvalee Dickinson, American spy (d. 1980)
1894 - Charles Hodge, California, NYU professor (Answers for Americans)
1894 - Elisabeth A de Vreugd, chambermaid of Dutch queen
1896 - Eugenio Montale, Italy, poet/translator (Xenia-Nobel 1975)
1902 - Dirk A M Binnendijk, critic (Authoritarian Regimes in Transistion)
1903 - Grayson Kirk, Jeffersonville Ohio, educator
1904 - Ding Ling, Chinese writer (d. 1986)
1904 - Lester Dent, American writer (d. 1959)
1905 - Rick Ferrell, baseball Hall of Fame catcher
1906 - Edmund Charles Wolf Myers, soldier/engineer
1906 - Joe Cronin, baseball (Pirates, Red Sox, Senators, MVP 1930, AL Pres)
1906 - Willy Hess, Swiss musicologist, composer and famous Beethoven scholar
1907 - Wolfgang Fortner, composer
1908 - Ann Lane Petry, US journalist/author (Street)
1908 - Paul Engle, American writer (d. 1991)
1909 - Josephine Hutchinson, Seattle WA, actress (Story of Louis Pasteur)
1909 - Zellig S Harris, US linguist
1910 - Robert Fitzgerald, American poet and translator (d. 1985)
1910 - Bob Sheppard, American baseball announcer
1911 - Louis M de Guiringaud, French foreign minister (1976-78)
1911 - Vijay Merchant, cricketer (all-time great Indian batsman)
1913 - William James Moyce, armaments scientist
1916 - Alice Childress, American actress and playwright (d. 1994)
1917 - Hans Bentz van den Berg, Dutch actor (Last Train)
1918 - Emil Cossetto, composer
1919 - Andre Casanova, composer
1919 - Gilles Beaudoin, Quebec politician (d. 2007)
1920 - Alice Childress, US playwright/actress (Wedding Band)
1920 - Christy Ring, Irish hurler (d. 1979)
1921 - Jaroslav Drobny, Czech, hockey (Oly-gold-1948), tennis (Wimb-1954)
1923 - Jean Nidetch, Brooklyn, nutritionist founder (Weight Watchers)
1923 - Goody Petronelli, American boxing trainer and manager
1924 - Doris Grau, American actress (d. 1995)
1925 - Bill Parkhouse, cricketer (England batsman in 7 Tests 1950-59)
1925 - Fons Jansen, news reader/Dutch cabaretier (court jester of beliefs)
1925 - Guitar Gabriel Robert Lewis Jones, singer/guitarist
1925 - William Steinkraus, equestrian (Oly-gold/2 sil/br-52/56/60/64/68/72)
1925 - Denis Lazure, Quebec politician (d. 2008)
1926 - Hans Liebold, Germany, auto racer (Nardo, Italy)
1927 - Antonia Rey, Havana Cuba, actress (True Colors, Wise Guys)
1928 - Thomas Burnett Swann, US, sci-fi author (Day of Minotaur)
1928 - Al Held, US, painter/sculptor (hard edge-style)
1929 - Robert Coles, Milton Mass, author (Anna Freud, Pulitzer 1973)
1929 - Magnús Magnússon, Icelandic television presenter (d. 2007)
1930 - Jack S Gottlieb, composer
1931 - Raoul Pleskow, composer
1932 - Dick Gregory, comedian/political activist/dietician (Bahamian Diet)
1932 - Dusan Makavejev, Belgrade Yugoslavia, director (Man is Not a Bird)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 16 of 16

1810 - First Oktoberfest: The Bavarian royalty invites the citizens of Munich to join the celebration of the marriage of Crown Prince Ludwig of Bavaria to Princess Therese von Sachsen-Hildburghausen.
Author Victor HugoAuthor Victor Hugo (1822) 1822 - "The Hunchback of Notre Dame" author Victor Hugo (20) weds Adele Fourcher
1893 - Education pioneer Booker T. Washington (37) weds Margaret James Murray
1929 - US military leader George Marshall (48) weds Katherine Tupper
1942 - Jazz musician Louis Armstrong (41) weds dancer Lucille Wilson (28)
1980 - Oscar-winning actor Dustin Hoffman (43) weds businesswoman Lisa Gottsegen (26) in Roxbury, Connecticut
1991 - Steven Spielberg weds Kate Capshaw
1997 - "Malcom X" actress Angela Bassett (39) weds actor Courtney B. Vance (38) in Los Angeles
Director Steven SpielbergDirector Steven Spielberg (1991) 2003 - Actor Danny Nucci (35) weds actress Paula Marshall (39) in Los Angeles
2012 - Comedian and ventriloquist Jeff Dunham (50) weds fitness model Audrey Murdick (32) at the Sunstone Vineyards in Santa Ynez, California
2013 - "Charmed" tv actress Rose McGowan (40) weds artist Davey Detail at the Paramour Mansion in Los Angeles, California
2013 - Actor Ben Feldman (33) weds longtime girlfriend Michelle Mulitz at Smokey Glen Farm in Gaithersburg, Maryland
2013 - Grammy award-winning record producer Pharrell Williams (40) weds model Helen Lasichanh in Miami, Florida
2013 - "30 Rock" actor Keith Powell weds visual artist Jill Knox at Tribeca Rooftop in NYC, New York
2013 - Former Guns N' Roses Matt Sorum (52) weds singer and dancer Adriane Harper in Palm Springs, California
2013 - Olympic diving champion Greg Louganis (53) weds paralegal Johnny Chaillot in Malibu, California

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 133

632 - Edwin of Deira, King of Northumbria and Bretwalda
638 - Honorius I, [dux plebis], Italian Pope, dies
642 - John IV, Dalmatian born Pope (640-42), dies
642 - Pope John IV
1093 - Robrecht de Fries, earl of Flanders (1071-93), dies at about 62
1095 - Margrave Leopold II of Austria (b. 1050)
1176 - William d'Aubigny, 1st Earl of Arundel, English politician
1320 - Michael IX Paleologi, emperor of Byzantine (1295-1320), dies
1343 - Reinald II, duke of Gelre, dies
1491 - Fritz Herlen, German artist
1492 - Piero della Francesca, Italian painter
1565 - Jean Ribault, French explorer and colonizer (b. 1520)
1576 - Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor (1564-76), dies
1590 - Kano Eitoku, Japanese painter (b. 1543)
1600 - Luis Molina, Spanish Jesuit (b. 1535)
1632 - Kutsuki Mototsuna, Japanese samurai commander (b. 1549)
1646 - Francois De Bassompierre, marshal of France, dies
1654 - Dirck Graswinckel, Dutch copurt clerk of States-General, dies at 66
1654 - Rembrandt Carel Fabritius, painter, is injured in the Delft Explosion and later dies of his injuries
1672 - Frederik of Nassau, count of Buren, slain in battle
1678 - Edmund Berry Godfrey, English magistrate (b. 1621)
1679 - William Gurnall, English writer (b. 1617)
1685 - Geeraerdt Burns, theologist/poet/historian, dies at 59
1685 - Christoph Ignaz Abele, Austrian jurist (b. 1628)
1692 - Giovanni Battista Vitali, composer, dies at 60
1694 - Matsuo Basho, greatest Japanese haiku poet, dies
1730 - Frederik IV, king of Denmark/Norway (1699-1730), dies
1758 - Richard Molesworth, 3rd Viscount Molesworth, British field marshal (b. 1680)
1791 - A L Karschin, writer, dies at 68
1794 - James Lyon, composer, dies at 59
1797 - Pierre de Jelyotte, composer, dies at 84
1817 - Johann Franz Xaver Sterkel, composer, dies at 66
1820 - Elias Annes Borger, theologist/poet (Ode on the Rhine), dies at 36
1829 - Jacobus Blue, Dutch regent/patriot, dies at about 73
1837 - Frederica Louisa Wilhelmina, Queen of Netherlands, dies at 62
1844 - Claude Tillier, French journalist/writer (My Uncle Benjamin), dies
English Social Reformer Elizabeth FryEnglish Social Reformer Elizabeth Fry (1845) 1845 - Elizabeth Fry, British social reformer and philanthropist (b. 1780)
1858 - Ando Hiroshige, Japanese painter, dies at 61
1860 - Henry G W Smith, leader of British-Indian forces, dies at 73
1864 - Roger Taney, 5th Supreme Court Chief Justice (1836-64), dies at 87
1865 - William Vincent Wallace, composer, dies at 53
1870 - Robert E. Lee, US General of Confederate Army, dies at 63
1875 - Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux, French sculptor and painter (b. 1827)
1896 - Christian Emil Krag-Juel-Vind-Frijs, Danish nobleman and politician (b. 1817)
Confederate General Robert E. LeeConfederate General Robert E. Lee (1870) 1898 - Calvin Fairbank, American abolitionist minister (b. 1816)
1915 - Edith L Cavell, British nurse, executed by Germans in Belgium (WW II)
1922 - Daisy M C Baers, Flemish philosophy/theory, dies at 33
1923 - A P "Bunny" Lucas, cricketer (five Tests for England 1879-82), dies
1924 - Anatole France, writer, dies at 80
1924 - Monroe A Althouse, composer, dies at 71
1929 - Max Ettlinger, German philosopher/theorist, dies at 52
1934 - Gertrude Käsebier, American photographer dies aged 82
1936 - B L T Bosanquet, cricketer (1st great googly bowler, England), dies
1938 - Hugh Massie, cricketer (9 Tests for Australia 1881-85, capt), dies
1940 - Tom Mix, American actor (Texan, Hidden Gold), dies at 60
1945 - Jesse James Payne, lynched in Madison County Florida
1946 - Joseph W Stilwell, US general (China), dies
1947 - Nelson Betancourt, cricket wicketkeeper (WI Test 1930), dies at 42
1948 - Alfred Kerr, writer, dies at 80
1948 - Susan Sutherland Isaacs, educational psychologist and psychoanalyst (b. 1885).
1951 - Simon Kimbangu/Kibangu, Congo prophet, dies in captivity at 62
1954 - George Welch, American pilot (b. 1918)
1958 - Ed Hinton, actor (Henderson-I Lived 3 Lives), dies at 30
1958 - Gerard Hordijk, Dutch architect/painter, dies at 59
1958 - Gordon Griffith, American actor, director, and producer (b. 1907)
1959 - Arnoldt Bronnen, writer, dies at 63
1960 - Inejiro Asanuma, leader Japanese Socialist Party, murdered at 61
1964 - J Howard Frazer, USTA pres, dies in office
1966 - Arthur Vincent Lourie, composer, dies at 74
1967 - Nat Pendleton, Olympic wrestler/actor (Reckless), dies at 72
1967 - Ram Manohar Lohia, Indian Socialist politician leader
1969 - Serge Poliakoff, Russ/French painter, dies
1969 - Sonja Henie, figure skater (Olympic-gold-1928, 32, 36), dies at 57
1970 - Mustafa Zaidi, Pakistani poet (b. 1930)
1971 - Dean G Acheson, US foreign minister (1949-53), dies at 78
1971 - Gene Vincent, rocker, dies of bleeding ulcers at 36
1974 - Joseph Frederick Wagner, composer, dies at 74
1977 - Doris Davenport, actress (Behind the News, Westerner), dies at 81
1979 - Celia Lovsky, Austrian-American actress (Man of a Thousand Faces), dies from natural causes at 82
1982 - Chris[tiaan R] Reumer, Dutch opera singer, dies at 73
1983 - Jiri Lederer, Czechoslovakia journalist/dissident, dies at 61
1983 - The Grand Wizard of Wrestling, Wrestling manager
1984 - Sir Anthony Berry, British politician (bombing victim) (b. 1925)
1985 - Johnny Olsen, TV announcer (Price is Right), dies at 75
1985 - Ricky Wilson, rock guitarist (B-52's), dies of AIDS at 32
1987 - Alfred M Landon, former Kansas Gov, dies at his Topeka home at 100
1987 - Philleo Nash, US Bureau of Indian Affairs (1961-67), dies at 77
1988 - Ken Murray, actor (Bill & Coo, Crooner, Half-Marriage), dies at 85
1988 - Ruth Manning-Sanders, author of children's books (b. 1895)
1989 - Franco, [Francis Luambo/"Makiadi"], Zaire composer/music, dies at 51
1989 - Jay Ward, American cartoonist (Rocky & His Friends), dies at 69 of kidney cancer
1990 - Max Tailleur, adjunct prince Bernhard/Jewish humorist, dies
1990 - Rifaat Maghub, president Egyptian MP, murdered
1991 - Aline MacMahon, US actress (Backdoor to Heaven), dies at 92
1991 - Regis Toomey, actor (Dive Bomber, Cry Danger, Magic Town), dies at 89
1991 - Sheila Florance, Australian actress (Cactus), dies of cancer at 75
1991 - Arkady Strugatsky, Russian novelist (b. 1925)
1992 - Alexander Pola, [Abraham Polak], actor/writer (Farce Major), dies
1992 - John Hancock, actor (LA Law, Love & War), dies of a heart attack at 51
1992 - Ulysses Guimaraes, Brazilian MP (chairman), dies in accident

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