This Day in History for 14th October

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 205

530 - Discorus ends his reign as Catholic anti-Pope
1066 - Battle of Hastings, William the Conqueror and Nornan-French army defeat English forces of Harold II
1322 - Robert the Bruce of Scotland defeats King Edward II of England at Byland, forcing Edward to accept Scotland's independence
1468 - Treaty of Peronne: Duke Charles the Stoute & French king Louis XI
1492 - Columbus leaves San Salvador; arrives in Santa Maria of Concepcion (Bahamas)
1529 - Sultan Suleiman II ceases Vienna
1586 - Mary Queen of Scots goes on trial for conspiracy against Elizabeth
1700 - Rabbi Judah Hasid & Chayim Molocho arrive in Jerusalem
1745 - French help convoy reaches Montrose Scotland
1758 - Battle at Hochkirk, Saksen: Austrian army beats Prussia
1773 - The first recorded Ministry of Education, the Komisja Edukacji Narodowej (Polish for Commission of National Education), is formed in Poland.
1773 - American Revolutionary War: The United Kingdom's East India Company tea ships' cargo are burned at Annapolis, Maryland.
1774 - 1st Continental Congress makes Declaration of Colonial Rights in Philadelphia
1805 - Battle of Elchingen, France defeats Austria
1806 - Battle of Auerstadt-French beat Prussians
1812 - Work on London's Regent's Canal starts.
1834 - 1st black to obtain a US patent, Henry Blair, for a corn planter
1834 - In Philadelphia, Whigs and Democrats stage a gun, stone and brick battle for control of a Moyamensing Township election, resulting in one death, several injuries, and the burning down of a block of buildings.
1840 - Maronite leader Bashir II surrenders to the British forces and goes into exile in Malta.
Explorer of the New World Christopher ColumbusExplorer of the New World Christopher Columbus 1843 - British arrest Irish nationalist Daniel O'Connell for conspiracy
1862 - Baseballer James Creighton ruptures bladder hitting HR, dies 10/18
1862 - Excelsiors defeat Unions of Morrisania 13-9
1863 - Battle at Bristoe Station Virginia (about 2000 casualties)
1863 - Skirmish at Catlett's Station, Virginia (Bristoe Campaign)
1865 - Cheyennes & Arapaho's sign "peaces treaty" then chased out Colorado
1867 - 15th & last Tokugawa Shogun resigns in Japan
1882 - University of the Punjab is founded in present day Pakistan.
1884 - George Eastman patents paper-strip photographic film
1893 - George Edwardes "Gaiety Girl" premieres in London
1893 - Harry Wright suggests umps keep ball-strike count a secret
1899 - Morning Post reporter Winston Churchill departs to South Africa
1901 - Justin Huntly McCarthy's "If I were King," premieres in NYC
1905 - NY Giants beats Phila A's, 4 games to 1 in 2nd World Series
1905 - Giant's Christy Mathewson's 3rd straight World Series shutout
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston ChurchillSoldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill 1906 - All Chicago World Series, 1st AL victory, White Sox win 4 games to 2 Cubs losers share of $439.50 is lowest for World Series
1908 - Baseball Writers Association of America, forms
1908 - Cubs beat Tigers 4 games to 1 in 5th World Series, 1st rematch
1908 - Smallest crowd at World Series, 6,210 fans see Cubs beat Tigers
1909 - Pirates beat Tigers, 5-4, forces 1st full 7 game world series
1911 - Largest baseball crowd ever 38,281 (Polo Grounds) see Giants beat A's, 2-1 (gate is record $77,379)
1912 - Bull Moose Teddy Roosevelt shot while campaigning in Milwaukee
1913 - Explosion in coal mine at Cardiff kills 439
1913 - Senghenydd Colliery Disaster, the United Kingdom's worst coal mining accident, which claimed 439 lives.
1914 - German troops occupy Brug
1916 - Sophomore tackle and guard Paul Robeson is excluded from the Rutgers football team when Washington and Lee University refused to play against a black person.
1916 - The Perm State University was founded in Russia.
1920 - Part of Petsamo province ceded by Soviet Union to Finland
1922 - 1st Thom McAn shoe store opens, on Third Avenue NYC
1922 - 1st automated telephones-Pennsylvania exchange in NYC
1924 - Arnold Schoebergs opera "Die Gluckliche Hand," premieres in Vienna
1925 - Anti-French uprising in Damascus (French inhabitants flee)
1926 - Alan Alexander Milne's book "Winnie-the-Pooh" released
1926 - Walter Johnson retires, signs 2-year contract to manage Newark
1929 - Phila A's beat Chicago Cubs, 4 games to 1 in 26th World Series
1929 - Philadelphia A's set World Series record of 10 runs in an inning
1930 - Ethel Mermans debuts on Broadway in "Girl Crazy"
1930 - George Gershwin/Walter Donaldsons musical premieres in NYC
1931 - 1st broadcast of Dutch Radio Peoples University
1931 - Spanish Cortes agrees to separation of Church & State
1933 - Nazi Germany announces withdrawal from League of Nations
1934 - "Lux Radio Theatre" premieres
1938 - Nazis plan Jewish ghettos for all major cities
1939 - BMI (Broadcast Music Incorporated) formed
1939 - German U-47 sinks British battleship HMS Royal Oak, 833 killed
1939 - Sugar rationed in Netherlands
1940 - Balham tube disaster during the Blitz.
1941 - 1st mass deportation of Kowno, Lodz, Minsk & Riga
1942 - Dobbe resistances group overthrows Bonkarten distribution
1942 - German assault on Tractor factory, 1000s killed
1942 - Japanese battleship strikes Henderson Field, Guadalcanal
1943 - 400 Jews escape in uprising at Sobibor extermination Camp in Poland
1943 - Japan declares Philippine Independence (premier/pres Jose Laurel)
1943 - Outbreak attempt in Sobibor Concentration Camp
1943 - US 8th Air Force loses 60 B-17 during assault on Schweinfurt
1944 - Allied troops land in Corfu
1944 - British troops march into Athens
1945 - Chicago Cardinals end a record 29-game losing streak, beat Bears
1946 - Netherland & Indonesia sign cease fire
1947 - Chuck Yeager in Bell XS-1 makes 1st supersonic flight (Mach 1.015)
1947 - Dutch Queen Wilhelmina gives golden award to general Eisenhower
1948 - Batavia lt-governor-general Of Mook dismissed
1948 - Large scale fighting between Israel & Egypt
1949 - 14 US Communist Party leaders convicted of sedition
1949 - Chinese Red army occupies Canton
1949 - Ezzard Charles TKOs Pat Valentino in 8 for heavyweight boxing title
1950 - Rev Sun Young Moon liberated from Hung Nam prison
1951 - Det Lion Jack Christiansen returns 2 punts for touchdowns vs LA Rams
1951 - Organization of Central American States forms
1952 - "Buttrio Square" opens at New Century Theater NYC for 7 performances
1953 - 1st 3 Dutch female police officers go into service
1953 - Belgian Convair crashes at Frankfurt, 44 die
1953 - Charley Dressen resigns rather than take 1 year contract as Dodger mgr
1953 - Great Britain performs nuclear test at Emu Field Australia
1953 - Ike promises to fire as Red any federal worker taking 5th amendment
1953 - WTEN TV channel 10 in Albany, NY (ABC) begins broadcasting
1954 - Israeli act of revenge in Qibiya Jordan, kills 53
1956 - Charles Ives' overture "Robert Browning," premieres in NYC
1956 - Patty Berg wins LPGA Arkansas Golf Open
1957 - Everly Brothers' "Wake Up Little Susie" reaches #1
Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth IIQueen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II 1957 - Queen Elizabeth II becomes the first Canadian monarch to open the Parliament of Canada with the Speech from the Throne.

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 234

1257 - King Przemysl II of Poland (d. 1296)
1404 - Marie of Anjou, queen of France (d. 1463)
1493 - Shimazu Tadayoshi, Japanese warlord (d. 1568)
1499 - Claude of France, wife of Louis XII of France (d. 1524)
1542 - Abul-Fath Djalal-ud-Din, 3rd Mogol emperor of India (1556-1605)
1606 - Johan Maetsuyker, Dutch governor-general of Ceylon (1653-78)
1630 - Sophia of Hanover, Princess Palatine and Electress of Saxony (d. 1714)
1633 - James Stuart, King James VII of Scotland / James II of England (d. 1688)
1639 - Simon van der Stel, Dutch governor of Cape colony (1679-99)
1643 - Bahadur Shah I, Mughal Emperor of India (d. 1712)
1644 - William Penn, English Philosopher, Quaker and founder of Pennsylvania (d. 1718)
1687 - Robert Simson, Scotland, mathematician
1712 - George Grenville, British PM (1763-65)
1726 - Charles Middleton, 1st Baron Barham, English sailor and politician (d. 1813)
1730 - Jean Joseph Rodolphe, composer
1733 - François Sebastien Charles Joseph de Croix, Count of Clerfayt, Austrian field marshal (d. 1798)
1734 - Francis Lightfoot Lee, US farmer/signer (Decl of Independence)
1738 - Giovanni Calisto Andrea Zanotti, composer
1740 - Joannes Siberg, Dutch governor-general of Neth Indies (1801-05)
English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania William PennEnglish Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania William Penn (1644) 1753 - Franz Anton Dimmler, composer
1764 - Charles-Henri Plantade, composer
1774 - Hubert MAJ van Asch van Wijck, Dutch politician
1784 - Ferdinand VII MF, king of Spain
1789 - Constant van Crombrugghe, Flemish monastery founder
1790 - Thursday October Christian (d. 1831)
1796 - Adolf Ganz, composer
1801 - Joseph AF Plateau, Belgium, physicist (blinded-stared at Sun 25 secs)
1806 - Preston King, U.S. Senator from New York (d. 1865)
1827 - James Sidney Robinson, Bvt Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), died in 1892
1827 - Sir William George Granville Venables Vernon Harcourt, British Home Secretary and Chancellor of the Excheque
1837 - Ellison Capers, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1908
1842 - Joe Start, American baseball player (d. 1927)
1853 - Ciprian Porumbescu, composer
1855 - George Edwardes, British composer (Gaiety Girl)
1857 - Elwood Haynes, auto pioneer, built one of 1st US autos
1859 - Camille Chevillard, composer
1861 - Bjarni Thorsteinsson, composer
1861 - Artur Gavazzi, Croatian geographer (d. 1944)
1864 - Maurice de Plessys, French poet (Palace Occidental)
1867 - Masaoka Shiki, Japan, haiku & tanka poet/diarist (Salt Water Ballads)
1869 - Joseph Duveen, England, art connoisseur (Elgin marbles)
1871 - Alexander von Zemlinsky, Vienna Austria, composer (Schneeman)
1873 - Jose Serrano Simeon, composer
1873 - Ray Ewry, Lafayette Ind, jumper (Olympics-10 gold-1900, 04, 06, 08)
1873 - Jules Rimet, president of FIFA (d. 1954)
1874 - Margarete Susman, writer
1880 - Otto V Ekelund, Swedish poet/writer (Sak och sken)
1882 - Charlie Parker, cricketer (legend Gloucs SLA, but 2-32 in only Test)
1882 - Éamon de Valera, NY, Irish politician and patriot, President of Ireland (1937-48, 51-54, 57-59). Died 1975
1883 - Adrianus PHA de Kleyn, throat/nose/otologist (ear doctor)
1884 - Jimmy Conlin, Camden NJ, actor (Sin of Harold Diddlebock)
1888 - Ernest Pingoud, composer
Short story writer Katherine MansfieldShort story writer Katherine Mansfield (1888) 1888 - Katherine Mansfield (Katherine Mansfield Beauchamp Murry ), Wellington New Zealand, short story writer (Aloe, Garden Party)
1889 - Jean Canneel, Flemish sculptor
1890 - Dwight D Eisenhower, Denison Tx, (R) 34th Pres (1953-1961)/Gen (WW 2)
1890 - Frank Conroy, Derby England, actor (Call of the Wild)
1891 - Paul de Keyser, Flemish story teller/philologist/folklorist
1892 - Sumner Welles, US undersecretary/diplomat (Good neighbor policy)
1893 - Lillian Gish, American silent film/stage actress (Birth of a Nation). Died 1993.
1894 - Sutan Ibrahim gelor Datuk Tan Malaka, founder (Indonesian Communist)
1894 - E.E.Cummings (Edward Estlin), Cambridge Massachusetts, poet (Tulips & Chimneys)
1898 - Cruys Voorbergh, Dutch actor/director (Flying Dutchman)
1899 - Alan Washbond, US, 2-man bobsled (Olympic-gold-1932)
1900 - Edwin McLeod, cricketer (played in NZ's 2nd-ever Test 1930)
1901 - Willem A Wagenaar, journalist/writer (Shanghai)
1902 - Stanley Coen, cricketer (South African batsman in two Tests 1927-28)
1902 - Learco Guerra, Italian cyclist (d. 1963)
1904 - Karel Srom, composer
1906 - Benita Hume, London England, actress (Vicky-Halls of Ivy)
Political Theorist Hannah ArendtPolitical Theorist Hannah Arendt (1906) 1906 - Hannah Arendt, Hanover Germany, political theorist and historian (Origins of Totalitarianism)
1906 - Imam Hassan al Banna, Egyptian founder of the Muslim Brotherhood (d. 1949)
1907 - "Red" McKenzie, jazz singer (played comb-with-tissue-paper) [or 1899]
1907 - Allan Jones, Scranton PA, actor/singer (A Day at the Races, Showboat)
1907 - Barend Barendse, Dutch sports reporter
1907 - Pert Kelton, Great Falls Mont, actress (Cavalcade of Stars)
1908 - Ruth Hale, American playwright and actress (d. 2003)
1909 - Bernd Rosemeyer, German auto racer (Indy 500)
1909 - Kalervo Tuukkanen, composer
1909 - Dorothy Kingsley, American screenwriter (d. 1996)
1910 - Jef Keuleers, Belgian worker's union leader
1910 - John Wooden, basketball coach (UCLA-10 national championships)
1911 - Le Duc Tho, North Vietnamese representive at Paris peace talk
1912 - Helmut Schelsky, German sociologist (Sociology of Sex)
1912 - Jack Crapp, cricketer (England batsman 1948-49)
1912 - Jack Young, cricketer (Middlesex & England slow left-armer post-WW2)
1913 - Ginty Lush, cricketer (NSW quick of the 30's who didn't play for Aust)
1913 - Victor Trumper Jr, cricketer (son of Mr & Mrs Trumper NSW 1940-41)
1914 - Brendan Gill, critic
1914 - Dick Durrance, American skier (d. 2004)
1916 - C Everett Koop, surgeon general (1981-89)
1918 - Doug Ring, cricketer (Australian leggie of the late 40's early 50's)
1918 - Marcel Chaput, French Canadian politician (d. 1991)
1919 - Edward L Feightner, US rear-admiral (WW II-Santa Cruz Islands)
1924 - Robert Webber, Santa Ana California, actor (79 Park Avenue)
1925 - Louis Cohen, physicist
1925 - Phillip Tobias, Durban, Natal, South Africa, palaeoanthropologist and 3 x Nobel Prize nominee(hominid fossil sites), (d. 2012)
1926 - Bill Justis, rocker
1926 - Willy Alberti, [Carel Verbrugge], singer/actor (Riffin in Amsterdam)
1927 - Roger Moore, London England, actor (Alaskans, Maverick, Saint)
1928 - Gary Graffman, NYC, pianist (Leventritt Award)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 13 of 13

1806 - German writer, artist and politician Johann Wolfgang von Goethe marries mistress Christiane Vulpius in Weimar
1913 - Athlete Jim Thorpe (25) weds Margaret Iva Miller at St. Patrick's Catholic Church in Carlisle, Pennsylvania
1914 - Baseball legend Babe Ruth (19) weds Helen Woodford
1923 - "All Quiet on the Western Front" author Erich Maria Remarque (25) weds Ilse Jutta Zambona
1961 - Howard Allen Frances (Anne) O'Brien (20) best-selling author (The Vampire Chronicles) marries poet and painter Stan Rice (21)
1961 - Author Anne Rice (20) weds poet/artist Stan Rice (18) in Denton, Texas
1964 - Rolling Stones drummer Charlie Watts weds Shirley Shepherd
1995 - "Sleep with Me" actress Meg Tilly (35) weds United Artists studio president John Calley (65) in Los Angeles
2000 - Asylum recording artist Bryan White (26) weds actress Erika Page at Royal Lane Baptist Church in Dallas, Texas
2001 - Inspirational speaker Anthony Robbins (41) weds Sage Bonnie Humphrey
2001 - Actor Breckin Meyer (27) weds "Can't Hardly Wait" director Deborah Kaplan in Malibu
2006 - Merengue singer Melina Leon (33) weds Ruy Fernando Delgado at La Iglesia Metodista Universitaria in San Juan, Puerto Rico
2006 - "Celtic Tiger" choreographer Michael Flatley (48) weds fellow dancer Niamh O'Brien at St. Patrick's Church in Fermoy, Ireland

Famous Divorces

Divorces 1 - 2 of 2

1988 - Mike Tyson countersues Robin Givens for divorce & annulment
1990 - Jeff Goldblum & wife Geena Davis file for divorce

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 96 of 96

530 - Discorus, anti-Pope (530), dies
1066 - Harold II, King of England (1066), dies at the Battle of Hastings
1092 - Aboe Ali Hasan ibn Nizam al-Moelk, writer (Sijasetname), assassinated
1256 - Kujo Yoritsugu, Japanese shogun (b. 1239)
1318 - Edward Bruce, High King of Ireland
1536 - Garcilaso de la Vega, Spanish poet/diplomat, dies in battle
1552 - Oswald Myconius, Swiss Protestant reformer (b. 1488)
1565 - Thomas Chaloner, English statesman and poet (b. 1521)
1568 - Jacques Arcadelt, Flemish composer
1570 - Floris van Montmorency, baron of Montigny, dies at 43
1610 - Amago Yoshihisa, Japanese samurai and warlord (b. 1540)
1619 - Samuel Daniel, English poet (b. 1562)
1637 - Gabriello Chiabrera, Italian poet (b. 1552)
1660 - Francesco Albana, Italian painter (Hemelopneming of Maria), dies at 72
1660 - Thomas Harrison, English Puritan soldier (b. 1606)
1669 - Antonio Cesti, composer, dies at 46
1703 - Thomas Hansen Kingo, Danish poet (b. 1634)
1711 - Tewoflos, Emperor of Ethiopia (b. 1708)
1719 - Arnold Houbraken, painter/writer), dies at 59
1746 - Francois Fagel, lawyer/statesman, dies at 86
1758 - Francis Edward James Keith, Scottish soldier and Prussian field marshal (b. 1696)
1771 - Franz Xaver Brixi, composer, dies at 39
1775 - Johann Jacob Rowalt, composer, dies at 57
1790 - William Hooper, US attorney/signer (Decl of Ind), dies at 48
1831 - Jean-Louis Pons, French astronomer (b. 1761)
1847 - William Michael Rooke, composer, dies at 53
1857 - Ignacy Marceli Komorowski, composer, dies at 33
1872 - Albrecht FH, prince of Prussia, dies at 63
1877 - Antoine-Amable-Elie Elwart, composer, dies at 68
1879 - F Kornberger, writer, dies at 58
1880 - Victorio, Apache chief/murderer, killed by Mexican army
1893 - Conradus Leemans, Dutch archaeologist, dies at 84
1900 - Albert de Vriendt, Flemish historical painter/etcher, dies
1900 - Sandor Erkel, composer, dies at 54
1909 - Johann Gottfred Matthison-Hansen, composer, dies at 76
1911 - John Marshall Harlan, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1833)
1919 - Wilhelm von Siemens, German industrial/son of Werner, dies
1923 - George Elbridge Whiting, composer, dies at 83
1923 - Marcellus Emants, writer/poet (Refrained from Confession), dies
1930 - Sam[uel] van Houten, lib minister (Child labor laws), dies
1943 - Jackie Matthews, cricketer (8 Tests 1911-12, 16 wickets), dies
German WWII Field Marshal Erwin RommelGerman WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel (1944) 1944 - Erwin Rommel, German Field Marshal (WW II-Africa), suicide at 52
1957 - Carl Natanael Berg, composer, dies at 78
1958 - Jean Poveigh, composer, dies at 82
1958 - Douglas Mawson, Australian Antarctic explorer (b. 1882)
1959 - Errol Flynn, Australian-born US actor (Captain Blood), dies of a heart attack at 50
1960 - Abram F Joffe, Russian physicist (crystal), dies
1961 - Paul Ramadier, French politician (b. 1888)
1961 - Harriet Shaw Weaver, English political activist (b. 1876)
1966 - Arcady Dubensky, composer, dies at 75
1967 - Marcel Aymé, French novelist and playwright (b. 1902)
1972 - Joseph Kaminski, composer, dies at 68
1973 - Edmund A. Chester, American broadcaster and journalist (b. 1897)
1976 - Edith Evans, actress (Tom Jones, Scrooge, Chalk Garden), dies at 88
1977 - Bing Crosby, US singer/actor (Going My Way), dies of a heart attack at 74
1980 - S N Banerjee, cricketer (one Test for India), dies
Singer and Actor Bing CrosbySinger and Actor Bing Crosby (1977) 1981 - Ingemar Liljefors, composer, dies at 74
1983 - Paul Fix, actor (Rifleman), dies at 82 of kidney failure
1983 - Willard Price, Canadian author and naturalist
1984 - Martin Ryle, English radio astronomer, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physics (b. 1918)
1985 - Emil Gilels, Ukrainian pianist (b. 1916)
1986 - [Francis XA] Keenan Wynn, US actor (Dr Strangelove), dies at 70
1987 - Rodolfo Halffter, composer, dies at 86
1988 - Mary Morris, actress (Agitator, Double Door), dies
1989 - Michael Carmine, actor (Batteries Not Included), dies at 30
1990 - Leonard Bernstein, composer, dies of heart attack at 72
1993 - Bertie Clarke, cricketer (6 wkts for WI in 1939), dies
1993 - Guy Malary, Haitian lawyer/minister of Justice, murdered at 50
1993 - Mustafa Abada, Algerian TV director, murdered
1993 - Walter Brown Newman, US screenwriter (Cat Ballou), dies at 77
1994 - Gioconda de Vito, violinist, dies at 87
1995 - Edith Pargeter, author (Brother Cadfael), dies of a stroke at 82
1995 - Helen Vlachos, journalist, dies at 83
1996 - Laura La Plante, screen actress (Show Boat, Scandal), dies at 91
1996 - William John Raff Hooper, cartoonist, dies at 80
1997 - Harold Robbins, salacious novelist, dies at 81
1998 - Cleveland Amory, American writer and animal rights activist (b. 1917)
1998 - Frankie Yankovic, American musician (b. 1916)
1999 - Julius Nyerere, Tanzanian politician (b. 1922)
2002 - Norbert Schultze, American composer and songwriter (b. 1911)
2003 - Patrick Dalzel-Job, English soldier and inspiration for James Bond (b. 1913)
2004 - Vlassis Bonatsos, Greek singer, actor and entertainer (b. 1949)
2005 - Jody Dobrowski, English murder victim (b. 1981)
2006 - Jared Anderson, American bassist (b. 1975)
2006 - Freddy Fender, American musician (b. 1937)
2006 - Maurice Grosse, British paranormal investigator (b. 1919)
2006 - Nancy Lynn, American aviator (b. 1956)
2006 - Gerry Studds, American politician (b. 1937)
2007 - Big Moe, American rapper (b. 1974)
2008 - Martin Peake, 2nd Viscount Ingleby, British peer and business man
2008 - Richard Cooey, American murderer and rapist (executed) (b. 1967)
2009 - Captain Lou Albano. American Professional Wrestler and Manager. (b. 1933)
2010 - Simon MacCorkindale, British actor (b. 1952)
2010 - Benoît Mandelbrot, Polish-born American mathematician (b. 1924)
2011 - Reg Alcock, Canadian politician (b. 1948)
2012 - Kyle Bennett, American BMX racer, dies in a traffic collision at 33

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