This Day in History for 15th October

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 199

533 - Byzantine general Belisarius makes his formal entry into Carthage, having conquered it from the Vandals.
1520 - King Henry VIII of England orders bowling lanes at Whitehall
1522 - Emperor Karel I names Hernan Cortes governor of Mexico
1552 - Khanate of Kazan is conquered by troops of Ivan Grozny.
1581 - Commissioned by Catherine De Medici, the 1st ballet "Ballet Comique de la Reine", is staged in Paris
1582 - Many Catholic countries switch to Gregorian calendar, skip 10 days
1598 - Spanish general strategist Bernardino de Mendoza occupies fort Rhine
1641 - Paul de Chomedy de Maisonneuve claims Montreal
1654 - Prince Willem III appointed viceroy of Overijssel
1655 - Jews of Lublin are massacred
1660 - Asser Levy granted butcher's license (kosher meat) in New Amsterdam
King of England Henry VIIIKing of England Henry VIII 1705 - English fleet under Lord Peterborough occupies Barcelona
1724 - Cornelis Steenoven is 1st archbishop of Old-Catholic church
1756 - Saxon army surrenders to Prussia
1764 - Edward Gibbon observes a group of friars singing in the ruined Temple of Jupiter in Rome, which inspires him to begin work on The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire
1777 - Mjr James Graves Simcoe appointed commandant of Queen's Rangers (Penn)
1783 - Jean Pilstre de Rozier makes captive-balloon ascent
1786 - Earliest 32°F (0°C) recorded temp in NYC
First US President George WashingtonFirst US President George Washington 1789 - 1st presidental tour-George Washington in New England
1815 - Napoleon Bonaparte arrives on island of St Helena to begin his exile
1827 - Charles Darwin admitted to Christ's College, Cambridge
1842 - Karl Marx becomes editor-in-chief of Rheinische Zeitung
1846 - Dr William Thomas Green Morton 1st public use of ether
1860 - 11-year-old Grace Bedell writes to Lincoln, tells him to grow a beard
1863 - Cliff House opens in SF (1st of many on site)
1864 - Confederate troops occupy Glasgow, Missouri
1866 - Great fire in Quebec destroys 2,500 houses
1874 - Child labor law takes 12 year olds out of work force
1877 - 45th Congress (1877-79) convenes
1878 - Edison Electric Light Company incorporated
Communist Philosopher Karl MarxCommunist Philosopher Karl Marx 1880 - Koln cathedral completed, 633 years after it begun
1880 - Mexican soldiers kill Victorio, one of the greatest Apache military strategists.
1881 - 1st American fishing magazine, American Angler published
1883 - Supreme Court declares Civil Rights Act of 1875 unconstitutional
1885 - Hoss Radbourne pitches his 60th win of season
1889 - Amsterdam Central Station officially opens
1890 - Alabama Penny Savings Bank organizes in Birmingham
1894 - Capt Alfred Dreyfus arrested accused of espionage in France
1897 - Aaron/Samuel Bloch carry 1st Mail Pouch
1897 - King Leopold II takes Belgian crown
1899 - Cincinnati closes season with 16-1 & 19-3 victories over Cleve Spiders
1904 - The Russians are driven back by the Japanese in the Battle of Shaho; both sides suffer high casualties: Japanese (16,000) and Russians (60,000)
Composer Claude DebussyComposer Claude Debussy 1905 - Claude Debussy's "La Mer" premieres
1905 - Union workers at NVV rejects safety demands
1912 - Red Sox Tris Speaker's makes only world series unassisted double play, from the outfield
1913 - Train crash in Liverpool during "Black Week"
1914 - ASCAP (American Society of Composers, Authors & Publishers) founded
1914 - Battle of Warsaw, begins (ends Oct 21)
1914 - Clayton Anti-trust Act passed (union & strike rights)
1917 - Chicago White Sox beat NY Giants, 4 games to 2 in 14th World Series
1917 - World War I: At Vincennes outside of Paris, Dutch dancer Mata Hari is executed by firing squad for spying for Germany.
Exotic dancer, courtesan and convicted German spy Mata HariExotic dancer, courtesan and convicted German spy Mata Hari 1918 - British Q-ship Cymric sinks British submarine J6
1919 - 14 horses begin 300-mile race from Vt to Mass for $1000 prize money
1923 - NY Yankees 1st World Series win beating NY Giants, 4 games to 2
1924 - Pres Calvin Coolidge declares Statue of Liberty a national monument
1925 - Pittsburgh Pirates beat Wash Senators, 4 games to 3 in 22nd World Series
1925 - Willem Landre's opera "Beatrice" premiers in The Hague
1926 - Austria government of Seipel, forms
1926 - Philip Barry's "White Wings!" premieres in NYC
1928 - German dirigible "Graf Zeppelin" lands in Lakehurst, NJ
1928 - Walter Johnson signs a 3-year contract to manage the Senators
MLB Pitcher Walter JohnsonMLB Pitcher Walter Johnson 1932 - Tata Airlines (later to become Air India) makes its first flight.
1933 - 20th Amendment to the US Constitution goes into effect: Pres term begins in Jan not March
1933 - Philadelphia Eagles play 1st NFL game, lose to NY Giants 56-0
1935 - NHL's St Louis Eagles fold
1937 - Ernest Hemingway novel "To Have & Have Not" published
1937 - Rather than accept any trade offers, the Yanks release Tony Lazzeri
1938 - Robert Sherwoods "Abe Lincoln in Illinois" premieres in NYC
1939 - LaGuardia Airport opens in NYC
Author Ernest HemingwayAuthor Ernest Hemingway 1939 - Yeshiva of Mir closes after 124 years
1940 - -16] Heavy German air raid on London, 400 killed
1940 - London's Waterloo Station bombed by Germans
1940 - "The Great Dictator", a satiric social commentary film by and starring Charlie Chaplin, is released.
1941 - 1st mass deportation of German Jews to Eastern Europe
1941 - Japan Tojo regime forms
1941 - Jews caught outside Nazi Ghetto walls in occupied Poland could be put to death
1942 - German 6th Army occupies Tractorenfabriek, 3,000 Germans die
1944 - The Arrow Cross Party (very similar to Hitler's NSDAP (Nazi party)) takes over the power in Hungary.
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf HitlerDictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler 1945 - Baseball Attendance hits record 10.28 million (Tigers 1.28 is highest)
1946 - Smallest World Series share since 1918 (Cards $3,748, Red Sox $2,140)
1946 - St Louis Cards beat Boston Red Sox, 4 games to 3 in 43rd World Series
1946 - Enos Slaughter scores from 1st on a single in World Series
1948 - China's Red army occupies Chinchov
1949 - Administration of territory of Manipur taken over by Indian government
1949 - Billy Graham begins his ministry
1949 - Tripura accedes to Indian union
1951 - "I Love Lucy" debuts on CBS TV
1951 - Egyptian parliament accept denounces Suez Canal Treaty
1951 - Mexican chemist Luis E. Miramontes synthesized the first oral contraceptive
Actor Desi ArnazActor Desi Arnaz 1951 - "I Love Lucy", starring Lucille Ball and Desi Arnaz, debuts on CBS
1952 - Arthur Laurent's "Time of the Cuckoo" premieres in NYC
1953 - John Patrick's "Teahouse of the Red Moon" premieres in NYC
1953 - KOIN TV channel 6 in Portland, OR (CBS) begins broadcasting
1953 - WJNL (now WFAT) TV channel 19 in Johnstown, PA (IND) begins
1954 - Hurricane Hazel strikes US & Canada, 348 die
1954 - KLTV TV channel 7 in Tyler-Longview, TX (ABC) begins broadcasting
1956 - Pyotr Bolotnikov runs world record 10k (28:42.8)
1956 - William J Brennan Jr appointed to US Supreme Court
1956 - Yankees Enos Slaughter scores from 1st on a single in World Series
1957 - Giants trade Minneapolis franchise to Red Sox for SF Seals-franchises only, not the players

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 211

70 BC - Virgil, (Publius Vergilius Maro) Andes, Cisalpine Gaul, Roman Republican poet (Aeneid), (d. 19 BC)
1471 - Konrad Mutian, German humanist (d. 1526)
1542 - Djalalud-Din Mohammed Akbar, Mughal Emperor in India (1556-1605)
1550 - Henry, earl of Nassau-Dillenburg/brother of William of Orange
1608 - Evangelista Torricelli, Italian physicist (d. 1647)
1674 - Robert Herrick, Mass, British poet (Together)
Mughal Emperor AkbarMughal Emperor Akbar (1542) 1686 - Allan Ramsay, Scottish poet (d. 1758)
1701 - Marie-Marguerite d'Youville, first native Canadian canonized (d. 1771)
1711 - Elisabeth Teresa of Lorraine, queen of Sardinia (d. 1741)
1761 - Peter Gronland, composer
1762 - Samuel Adams Holyoke, composer
1775 - Bernhard Henrik Crusell, composer
1784 - Thomas Hastings, composer
1784 - Thomas Robert Bugeaud, Marshal of France and duke of Isly (d. 1849)
1785 - Jose Miguel Carrera, president of Chile (1811-14)
1795 - Frederik Willem IV, king of Prussia (1840-61)/Germany (1849-61)
1799 - August Ferdinand Haeser, composer
1816 - Amiel Weeks Whipple, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1863
1818 - Irvin McDowell, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1885
1819 - Marinus FAG Campbell, bibliography/literary
1822 - Alfred Meissner, Austrian physician/writer
1825 - Queen Marie of Prussia (d. 1889)
1829 - Asaph Hall, discovered satellites of Mars (Phobos & Deimos)
1831 - Helen Maria Hunt Jackson, author (Ramona)
1832 - Henry Harrison Walker, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1912
1833 - Klaas Kater, Dutch Christian Worker's Union Leader
1836 - Thomas Lafayette Rosser, Mjr General (Confederate Army), died in 1910
1836 - James Tissot, French artist (d. 1902)
1840 - Honoré Mercier, politician and premier of Quebec (d. 1894)
Philosopher Friedrich NietzschePhilosopher Friedrich Nietzsche (1844) 1844 - Friedrich Nietzsche, Röcken bei Lützen, Prussia, German philosopher (Beyond Good and Evil), (d. 1900)
1851 - George F Moore, US theologist (Hebrews, Old Testament)
1852 - Wilhelm Posse, composer
1856 - R G Nivelle, French military man
1858 - Frank Valentine Van der Stucken, composer
1858 - John L Sullivan, Mass, heavyweight boxing champ (1882-92)
1859 - Jaime de Magalhes Lima, Portuguese author/poet (Salmos do Prisoneiro)
1865 - Walther Amelung, German archaeologist
1872 - Wilhelm Miklas, Austrian president (d. 1956)
1874 - Otallo Morales, composer
1874 - Prince Alfred of Edinburgh (d. 1899)
1878 - Paul Reynaud, premier France (May-June 1940)
1879 - Jane Darwell, [Patti Woodward], Palmyra MO, actress (Huckleberry Finn)
1879 - Sara Allgood, Dublin Ireland, actress (Blackmail, Storm in a Teacup)
1881 - P G Wodehouse, British-American writer (Stiff Upper Lip Jeeves)
1882 - Charley O'Leary, American baseball player (d. 1941)
1884 - Arch Hoxsey, pioneer aviator (d. 1910)
1890 - Arcady Dubensky, composer
1892 - Ina Claire, [Fagan], Washington DC, actress (Ninotchika)
1893 - Charles II, King of Romania (1930-40)
1894 - Moshe Sharett, second Prime Minister of Israel (d. 1965)
1895 - Alfred Neumann, German playwright (Devil)
1896 - Melville Cooper, Birmingham England, TV panelist (I Got a Secret)
1898 - Gunther Ramin, composer
1898 - Boughera El Ouafi, Algerian athlete (d. 1951)
1900 - Fritz Feld, Berlin Germany, actor (Jack Benny Show, At the Circus)
1900 - Mervyn LeRoy, movie producer (Devil at 4 O'Clock)
1901 - Bernard von Brentano, German writer (Big Cats)
1901 - Hermann Abs, director (Deutsche Bank)/Hitler's advisor
1901 - Robert Bromston Thesiger Daniell, soldier
1902 - Andrey Yakolevich Shtogarenko, composer
1902 - William Edmundson, Spokane Wash, vocalist (Southernaires)
1904 - Julian Hodge, British financier/multi-millionaire (Hodge Group)
1905 - Alexey Kozlovsky, composer
1905 - Charles P Snow, England, novelist/scientist (Death Under Sail)
1905 - Dag Ivar Wiren, composer
1905 - Edna Deanne Fuelling, dancer choreographer/drama teacher
1905 - C. P. Snow, British writer (d. 1980)
1906 - Hiram Fong, Honolulu U.S. (Sen-R-Hawaii)
1907 - John "Cardinal" Dearden, US cardinal (1969-88)/archbishop of Detroit
1907 - Varian Fry, American journalist (d. 1967)
Economist and Author John Kenneth GalbraithEconomist and Author John Kenneth Galbraith (1908) 1908 - John Kenneth Galbraith, economist (Affluent Society-58 Hillman Award)
1909 - Robert Trout, Wake County NC, newscaster (ABC)
1910 - Xenophon Balaskas, cricketer (South African leg-spinner of 30's)
1911 - James H[enry] Schmitz, Germany, sci-fi author (Lion Game)
1915 - W Weyrauch, writer
1915 - Yitzhak Shamir, Israeli politician (Prime Minister 1983–84, 1986–1992, (d. 2012)
1917 - Arthur Schlesinger Jr, Ohio, historian (1946 Pulitzer-Age of Jackson)
1917 - Jan Miner, Boston Mass, actress (Crime Photographer)
1919 - Edwin C Tubb, Brits sci-fi writer (Earth is Heaven, Earthfall)
1919 - Howard Frank Trayton Smith, diplomat/head (MI5)
1919 - Malcolm Ross, American balloonist and atmospheric physicist (d. 1985)
Novelist Mario PuzoNovelist Mario Puzo (1920) 1920 - Mario Puzo, NYC, novelist (Godfather, Cotton Club, Earthquake), (d. 1999)
1920 - Henri Verneuil, French film director (d. 2002)
1921 - Angelica Rozeanu, Romanian table tennis player (World Champ 1950-55)
1921 - Gul Mahomed, cricketer (Indian & Pakistani batsman)
1922 - Agustina Bessa-Luís, Portuguese writer
1923 - Italo Calvino, Cuba, author (Winter's Night a Traveler)
1924 - Colin Romoff, NYC, orchestra leader (Andy Williams Show)
1924 - Lee A Iacocca, CEO (Chrysler Corp)
1924 - Nigel Green, South Africa, actor (Skull, Tobruk, Ipcress File)
1924 - Mark Lenard, Chicago, Illinois, American actor (Mr Spock's dad Sarek-Star Trek)
1924 - Marguerite Andersen, German writer
1925 - Mickey Baker, rocker
1926 - Evan Hunter, [Ed McBain], American writer (Blackboard Jungle)
1926 - Jean Peters, Canton OH, actress (Viva Zapata!, Apache, Deep Waters)
1926 - Karl Richter, composer
1926 - Michel Foucault, French philosopher (History of Sexuality)
1926 - Paul-Michel Foucault, French philosopher (Les Mots et les Choses)
1927 - Mary Perot Nichols, journalist
1927 - Oswald Moxley Gibbs, diplomat

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 7 of 7

Spanish Princess, Queen of England Catherine of AragonSpanish Princess, Queen of England Catherine of Aragon (1501) 1501 - Heir to the English Prince Arthur marries Catherine of Aragon
1913 - Author Beatrix Potter (47) weds solicitor William Heelis at St Mary Abbots in Kensington, London
1927 - Writer Graham Greene (23) weds Vivien Dayrell-Browning at St. Mary's Church in Hampstead, North London
1948 - 38th US President Gerald Ford (35) weds department store fashion consultant Elizabeth (Betty) Bloomer Warren (30) at Grace Episcopal Church in Grand Rapids, Ford
1963 - Folk singer Mary Travers (26) weds photographer Barry Feinstein
1980 - Actor Rod Taylor (50) weds Carol Kikumura
2011 - "Charmed" TV actress Shannen Doherty (40) weds photographer Kurt Iswarienko (37) in Malibu

Famous Divorces

Divorces 1 - 3 of 3

1993 - Guardian Angel Lisa Evers Sliwa files for divorce from Curtis Sliwa
Baseball Player Darryl StrawberryBaseball Player Darryl Strawberry (1993) 1993 - Baseball player Darryl Strawberry (31) divorces Lisa Andrews after more than 8 years of marriage
2002 - Comedian Tom Green (30) divorces actress Drew Barrymore (26) due to irreconcilable differences after less than a year of marriage

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 94 of 94

412 - Theophilus, Patriarch of Alexandria
892 - Al-Mutamid, kalief of Abbasiden, dies
898 - Lambert, Holy Roman Emperor
912 - Abdullah ibn Muhammad, Emir of Córdoba
1002 - Otto-Henry, Duke of Burgundy (b. 946)
1080 - Rudolf of Rheinfeld, Duke of Swabia and German anti-King
1268 - Dirk II, mister of Valkenburg, dies
1271 - Hostiensis, [Henricus the Segusia], cardinal/bishop of Ostia, dies
1326 - Walter de Stapledon, English bishop (b. 1261)
1389 - Urban VI, [Bartolomeo Prignano], Italian pope (1378-89), dies
1512 - Antoon Keldermans, Flem builder (Middelburg town hall), dies at 72
1524 - Joachim Patinir, Flemish landscape painter, dies at about 45
1539 - Reynier Brunt, procureur-general of Court of Holland, dies
1595 - Abu al-Faiz ibn Mubarak Faizi, Persian-Dutch E indies poet, dies at 48
1605 - Abul-Fath Djalal-ud-Din, Mogol keizer of India (1556-1605), dies at 63
1682 - John Ferrabosco, composer, dies at 56
1715 - Humphry Ditton, English mathematician (b. 1675)
1730 - Antoine Laumet de La Mothe, sieur de Cadillac, French explorer (b. 1658)
1788 - Samuel Greig, Scottish-Russian admiral (b. 1735)
1810 - Alfred Moore, American judge (b. 1755)
1811 - Nathaniel Dance-Holland, English painter (b. 1735)
1817 - Tadeusz AB Kosciusko, Polish lt-general/freedom fighter, dies
1819 - F Louise W, daughter of viceroy Willem V, dies at 48
1819 - Sergey Vyazmitinov, Russian general and statesman (b. 1744)
1820 - Karl Philipp Fürst zu Schwarzenberg, Austrian field marshal (b. 1771)
1837 - Ivan Dmitriev, Russian statesman and poet (b. 1760)
1883 - Francesco Schira, composer, dies at 74
1891 - Gilbert Arthur a Beckett, English writer (b. 1837)
1900 - Zdenek Fibich, composer, dies at 49
1910 - Stanley "Midnight Assassin" Ketchel, heavy weight boxing champ, shot & killed
1914 - Aleksander Rozycki, composer, dies at 69
Exotic dancer, courtesan and convicted German spy Mata HariExotic dancer, courtesan and convicted German spy Mata Hari (1917) 1917 - Mata Hari, Dutch dancer/German spy, executed by firing squad in Paris
1918 - Sai Baba of Shirdi, Indian saint (b. circa 1838)
1930 - Herbert Henry Dow, American chemical industrialist (b. 1866)
1934 - Raymond Poincaré, premier/president France (1913-20), dies at 74
1937 - James Marcus, American actor (The Eagle, The Lonely Trail) dies at 70
1942 - Dirk Bannink, nurse/local counciller Deventer, executed
1944 - Philip Mechanicus, journalist, executed in Auschwitz-Birkenau
1945 - Pierre Laval, former premier of Vichy France, executed at 62
1946 - Hermann Goering, Nazi Reichmarshal, poisons himself in prison at 53
Nazi Politician Hermann GoeringNazi Politician Hermann Goering (1946) 1948 - Edythe Chapman, American actress (b. 1863)
1955 - Fumio Hayasaka, composer, dies at 41
1958 - Jack Mason, cricketer (England all-rounder v Australia 1897-98), dies
1958 - John C Poortenaar, painter/etcher/cartoonist, dies at 72
1958 - John Hamilton, actor (Perry White-Superman), dies at 61
1959 - Lipót Fejér, Hungarian mathematician (b. 1880)
1960 - Clara Kimball Young, actress (Return of Chandu), dies of stroke at 70
1960 - Henny Porten, silent screen actress (Mother Love), dies at 70
1960 - Maude Eburne, actress (Ladies They Talk About, Guardsman), dies at 84
1963 - Edmond Fleg[enheimer], Swiss/French writer (Ecoute Israel), dies
1963 - Horton Smith. American golfer (b. 1908)
1964 - Cole Porter, composer (Still of the Night), dies at 73
1965 - Carl Hoff, orchestra leader (Music Hall), dies at 60
1968 - Bea Benaderet, NYC, actress (Kate-Petticoat Junction), dies at 62
1968 - Franz Reizenstein, composer, dies at 57
1969 - Rod[erique] La Rocque, US western actor (Mystery Woman), dies
1969 - Shermake, president of (Somalia), murdered
1971 - Sylvester Magee, last living American slave and oldest person who ever lived, dies at 130
Gangster Carlo GambinoGangster Carlo Gambino (1976) 1976 - Carlo Gambino, Italian-American gangster, dies of a heart attack at 74
1977 - Ralph Truman, actor (Henry V, Treasure Island), dies at 77
1980 - Mikhail Lavrentyev, Russian physicist and mathematician (b. 1900)
1980 - Apostolos Nikolaidis, Greek footballer and volleyball player (b. 1896)
1981 - Frank DeKova, actor (Chief Wild Eagle-F Troop), dies
1981 - Justin Jud Strunk Jr, comedian (Laugh In), dies at 48
1981 - Philip Fotheringham-Parker, British racing driver (b. 1907)
1982 - Elsie Randolph, actress (That'll Make You Whistle), dies
1983 - Pat O'Brien, actor (Some like it hot), dies of heart attack at 83
1985 - Meret Oppenheim, writer, dies at 72
1987 - Thomas Sankara, president of Burkina Faso, dies
1990 - Delphine Seyrig, dies of lung disease at 58
1991 - Hotze de Roos, carpenter/kid book writer (Chameleon series), dies
1992 - Dorothy Helen Baker, mother of Diane Baker, dies at 78
1993 - Ken E Jones, musician (New Amsterdam Symph Orch), dies of AIDS at 34
1994 - Hannes Wustinger, Austrian race car driver, dies at 29
1994 - Karl Edward Wagner, writer, dies at 48
1994 - Sarah Kofman, philosopher, dies at 60
1994 - Wilhelmus HL "Willem" Tollenaar, actor/director (Elkerlyc), dies at 82
1995 - Arthur Carleton Hetherington, public servant, dies at 82
1995 - Phil Sidey, broadcaster, dies at 69
1996 - Bernard Frank, oriental scholar/writer, dies at 69
2000 - Konrad Emil Bloch, German-born biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1912)
2001 - Zhang Xueliang, Chinese ruler of Manchuria (b. 1901)
2003 - Ben Metcalfe, Canadian environmental activist (b. 1919)
2003 - Bertram N. Brockhouse, Canadian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1918)
2005 - Jason Collier, American basketball player (b. 1977)
2005 - Matti Wuori, Finnish politician (b. 1945)
2008 - Fazıl Hüsnü Dağlarca, Turkish poet (b. 1914)
2008 - Edie Adams, American singer and Broadway actress (b. 1927)
2008 - Jack Narz, American game show host (b. 1922)
2010 - Richard C. Miller, American photographer (b. 1912)
2010 - Mildred Fay Jefferson, American physician and pro-life activist (b. 1926)
2010 - Johnny Sheffield, American actor (b. 1931)
2011 - Betty Driver, British Actress (b. 1920)
King of Cambodia Norodom SihanoukKing of Cambodia Norodom Sihanouk (2012) 2012 - Norodom Sihanouk, King of Cambodia, dies from a heart attack at 89

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