This Day in History for 17th October

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 172

539 BC - King Cyrus The Great of Persia marches into the city of Babylon, releasing the Jews from almost 70 years of exile and making the first Human Rights Declaration.
415 - Jewish autonomy in Palestine ended by the Romans and Raban Gamliel forced from office
532 - Boniface II ends his reign as Catholic Pope
733 - Battle at Poitiers: Charles Martel beats Abd al-Rachmans Omajjaden
1346 - Battle of Neville's Cross: King David II of Scotland is captured by Edward III of England at Calais, and imprisoned in the Tower of London for eleven years.
1387 - Swells convent Windesheim initiated
1404 - Cosma de' Migliorati elected Pope Innocentius VII
1448 - Second Battle of Kosovo, where the mainly Hungarian army led by John Hunyadi were defeated by an Ottoman army led by Sultan Murad II.
1456 - The University of Greifswald is established, making it the second oldest university in northern continental Europe (also for a period the oldest in Sweden, and Prussia)
1483 - Tomas de Torquemada appointed inquisitor-general of Spain
1556 - Ex-emperor Karel departs Netherland for Spain
1651 - Future King Charles II flees from England
1660 - Nine Regicides, the men who signed the death warrant of Charles I, are hanged, drawn and quartered, another is hanged.
1691 - New royal charter for Massachusetts, now including Maine, Plymouth
1720 - Pierre de Marivaux' "Arlequin Poli Par l'Amour," premieres in Paris
1740 - Ivan VI becomes Czar of Russia
1777 - British General John Burgoyne surrenders at Saratoga NY
1781 - Cornwallis defeated at Yorktown
1787 - Boston blacks, petition legislature for equal school facilities
King Charles IKing Charles I 1797 - Peace of Campo Formio: Austrian Dutch possessions & France
1800 - Dutch colony Curacao transfered to England
1806 - Former leader of the Haitian Revolution, Emperor Jacques I of Haiti was assassinated after an oppressive rule.
1808 - Political rights of Jews suspended in Duchy of Warsaw
1814 - London Beer Flood occurs in London killing nine.
1815 - Napoleon arrives in St Helena
1825 - 1st French Liszts operette Don Sanche premieres in Paris
1829 - Delaware River & Chesapeake Bay Canal formally opens
1829 - 1st supposed attack on abandoned German teenager Kaspar Hauser
1831 - Felix Mendelssohn's 1st Piano concert in G, premieres
1850 - Knickerbocker Engine Co Number 5 organized
1855 - Bessemer steelmaking process patented
1860 - 1st British Golf Open: Willie Park Snr shoots a 164 at Prestwick Club, Scotland
1862 - Battle of Leetown & Thoroughfare Gap, VA
1868 - Constitution of Grand Duchy of Luxembourg comes into effect
1871 - Great Britain annexes Griqualand South Africa
1871 - President Grant suspends writ of habeas corpus
1876 - Henry Morton Stanley's reaches Lualaba River
1877 - Henry Morton Stanley reaches Boma during trip cross Africa
1885 - Baseball sets all players salaries at $1,000-$2,000 for 1885 season
Inventor Thomas EdisonInventor Thomas Edison 1888 - Thomas Edison files a patent for the Optical Phonograph (the first movie).
1894 - Ohio national guard kills 3 lynchers while rescuing a black man
1896 - Anton Tsjechovs "Chayka," premieres in St Petersburg
1899 - Sutro railroad sold to Robert F Morrow for $215,000
1904 - Bank of Italy (Bank of America) opens its doors
1907 - Guglielmo Marconi's company begins the first commercial transatlantic wireless service between Glace Bay, Nova Scotia, Canada and Clifden, Ireland.
1912 - Bulgaria, Greece & Serbia declares war on Turkey
1916 - Dutch women demonstrate for female suffrage
1917 - 1st British bombing of Germany
1918 - De Kooy airport in Netherlands opens
1918 - Yugoslavia proclaims itself a republic
1919 - Radio Corporation of America (RCA) created
1920 - Chicago Bears (as Decatur Staleys) play 1st NFL game, win 7-0
1921 - Belgium's public library law goes into force
1922 - Scottish worker begins hunger march from Glasgow on London
Inventor and Nobel Laureate Guglielmo MarconiInventor and Nobel Laureate Guglielmo Marconi 1923 - Catholic University of Nijmegen Neth opens
1927 - Ban Johnson, in failing health, retires as AL president
1931 - Al Capone convicted of tax evasion, sentenced to 11 years in prison
1933 - Albert Einstein arrives in US, a refugee from Nazi Germany
1934 - "The Aldrich Family" premieres on radio
1935 - Pacific Association of AAU votes not to participate in Berlin Olympics
1940 - German occupiers issue identity cards
1941 - 1st US destroyer (Kearney) torpedoed in WW II, off Iceland
1943 - Liberators sink U-540 & U-631
1945 - Juan Peron becomes dictator of Argentina
1951 - Egyptian army fires on British troops
1954 - Phila Eagle Adrian Burk passes for 7 touchdowns vs Wash (49-21)
1955 - Lee Merriwether joins Today Show panel
1956 - England's 1st large scale nuclear power station opens
1956 - Pakistan defeat Australia by nine wickets at 1st attempt
Theoretical Physicist Albert EinsteinTheoretical Physicist Albert Einstein 1957 - "Copper & Brass" opens at Martin Beck Theater NYC for 36 performances
1957 - Britain's Queen Elizabeth & Prince Philip visit the White House
1957 - Dike Marken-Dutch mainland closed
1957 - French author Albert Camus awarded Nobel Prize in Literature
1957 - II Tsjoendrigar becomes premier of Pakistan
1959 - "Billy Barnes Revue" closes at John Golden Theater NYC after 87 perfs
1959 - Queen Elizabeth is fined $140 for withdrawing her race horse
1959 - Stinchcomb Memorial in Cleveland Metroparks' dedicated
1960 - "Tenderloin" opens at 46th St Theater NYC for 216 performances
1960 - US & Britain sign accord for nuclear sub bases
1961 - 22nd congress of CPSU opens in Moscow
1961 - Battle of Paris-police kill 210 Algerians
1961 - NASA civilian pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 to 33,100 m
1961 - NY Museum of Modern Art hangs Henri Matisse's "Le Bateau" upside-down It wasn't corrected until December 3rd
1962 - Yanks beat Giants for 20th world championship
Impressionist Painter Henri MatisseImpressionist Painter Henri Matisse 1963 - "Jennie" opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 82 performances
1964 - Yanks fire Manager Yogi Berra
1965 - "On A Clear Day You Can See Forever" opens in NYC for 280 perfs
1965 - WBMG TV channel 42 in Birmingham, AL (CBS) begins broadcasting
1967 - "Hair" premieres on Broadway
1967 - Barbra Streisand stars on "Belle of 14th Street" special on CBS
1967 - Memorial service for Brian Epstein at New London Synagogue
1967 - Pete Knight in X-15 reaches 85 km
1967 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1969 - NY Nets move from Comack to Island Garden, Hempstead NY
1969 - Plastic Ono Band's "Cold Turkey" is released in UK
1969 - Soyuz 7 returns to Earth
1970 - Anwar Sadat sworn in as president of Egypt
1971 - Cleveland Metroparks' Rocky River Nature Center opens
1971 - Judy Rankin wins LPGA Quality-First Golf Classic
Singer-songwriter & Actress Barbra StreisandSinger-songwriter & Actress Barbra Streisand 1971 - Pittsburgh Pirates beat Balt Orioles, 4 games to 3 in 68th World Series

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 211

1253 - Ivo of Kermartin, ]])
1563 - Jodocus Hondius, Flemish mathematician/cartographer
1577 - Cristofano Allori, Italian painter (Judith)
1582 - Johann Gerhard, German Lutheran leader (d. 1637)
1623 - Francis Turretin, Swiss theologian (d. 1687)
1626 - Simon van Leeuwen, lawyer/historian (Roman-Holland regt)
1688 - Domenico Zipoli, composer
1696 - August III, king of Poland/monarch Frederik August II of Saksen
1704 - Willem Bentinck, orangist
1711 - Jupiter Hammon, 1st black American to publish poetry (Complete Works)
1719 - Jacques Cazotte, French writer (d. 1792)
1720 - Maria Teresa Agnesi, composer
1725 - John Wilkes, English journalist/MP (N Briton)
1729 - Pierre-Alexandre Monsigny, composer
1730 - Ernestus Weinrauch, composer
1734 - Grigori G Orlov, Russ guard officer/favorite of Catharina II
1806 - Alphonse LPP de Candolle, Swiss botanist
1811 - Albertus C van Raalte, Dutch/US vicar (owned land in Mich)
1813 - Georg Büchner, German playwright (d. 1837)
1815 - Emanuel Geibel, writer
1817 - Sajjid Ahmad Chan, Indian moslem leader/co-founder (Pakistan)
1817 - Samuel Ringgold Ward, Maryland, minister/abolitionist (Fugitive Negro)
1844 - Miguel Nieto, composer
1845 - Franz Ehrle, German prefect of Vatican library
1848 - William "Candy" Cummings, created curve ball
1853 - Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia (d. 1920)
1859 - William "Buck" Ewing, hall of fame catcher (NY Giants, Cin Reds)
1860 - Dionyssios Lavrangas, composer
1864 - Elinor Glyn, British novelist (3 Weeks)
1865 - James Rudolph Garfield, American politician (d. 1950)
1875 - Alfred Polgar, Austrian writer (Yes & No!)
1878 - Andrei N Rimski-Korssakov, Russian musicologist/son of Nikolai
1878 - Henri Mulet, composer
1883 - A S Neill, British headmaster (Summerhill)
1885 - Aaf Bouber-ten Hoope, Dutch actress (Jantjes)/wife of Herman Bouber
1886 - Spring Byington, Colo Springs, actress (Lily Ruskin-December Bride)
1890 - Roy Kilner, English cricketer (d. 1928)
1892 - Herbert Norman Howells, composer
1892 - Otakar Jeremias, composer
1892 - Theodor Eicke, Nazi official (d. 1943)
1893 - Jean Binet, composer
1893 - Fritz Ascher, Berlin Germany, German Expressionist artist
1895 - Doris Humphrey, Oak Park Ill, dancer (Dances of Women)
1898 - Mildred Knopf, cookbook writer
1898 - Shinichi Suzuki, Nagoya, Japanese music teacher (Suzuki Method)
1898 - Simon Vestdijk, Dutch writer/poet (5th Seal)
1900 - Jean Arthur, New York, American actress (Shane, Mr Smith Goes to Washington) (d. 1991)
1903 - Irene Ryan, El Paso Texas, actress (Granny-Beverly Hillbillies)
1903 - Jerry Colona, Boston Mass, comedian (Jerry Colona Show)
1903 - Nathanael West, American novelist (Day of the Locusts)
1905 - Franco Albini, Italian architect
1906 - Paul Derringer, American baseball player (d. 1987)
1908 - Red Rolfe, American baseball player (d. 1969)
1909 - Crozy [William] Cole, US jazz drummer
1912 - John Paul I, [Albino Luciano], 263rd Roman Catholic pope (1978)
1914 - Albert Markos, composer
1914 - Jerry Siegel, comic book writer (Superman)
1914 - John Mosely, recording expert/entrepreneur
Playwright Arthur MillerPlaywright Arthur Miller (1915) 1915 - Arthur Miller, NYC, playwright (Death of a Salesman, Crucible), (d. 2005)
1916 - Robert Lowery, Kansas City MO, actor (Murder Over NY)
1916 - Tadeusz Paciorkiewicz, composer
1917 - Marsha Hunt, Chicago Ill, actress (Jennifer-Peck's Bad Girl, Jigsaw)
1917 - Martin Donnelly, cricketer (brilliant lefty bat for NZ post-war)
1917 - Sumner Locke Elliott, Australian-born American novelist (d. 1991)
1918 - Rita Hayworth, NY, [Marguerita C Casino], actress (Gilda, Pal Joey)
1919 - John Moroney, cricketer (Australian opener 1949-51)
1919 - Isaak Markovich Khalatnikov, Russian physicist
1920 - Montgomery Clift, Omaha NE, actor (From Here to Eternity)
1920 - Rudolf Hrusinsky, Czech actor (Short Cut, Golden Eels)
1920 - Miguel Delibes, Spanish writer
1921 - George Mackey Brown, poet
1921 - Maria Gorokhovskaya, USSR, gymnist (Olympic-gold-1952)
1921 - Pricilla Lanford Buckly, editor/columnist (National Review)
1921 - Tom Poston, Columbus Ohio, actor (Steve Allen Show, Newhart)
1922 - Louis Benjamin, showman
1922 - Pierre Juneau, Montreal, Canada, film and broadcast executive, (d. 2012)
1922 - Luiz Bonfá, Brazilian composer (d. 2001)
1923 - Barney Kessel, American musician (d. 2004)
1926 - Beverly Garland, Santa Cruz California, actress (My 3 Sons)
1926 - Julie Adams, Waterloo Iowa, actress (Yancy Derringer, Code Red)
1926 - Karl Gordon Henize, Cincinnati Ohio, astronaut (STS 51-F)
1928 - Ivan Marinov, composer
1928 - James "Junior" Gilliam, Dodgers (NL rookie of year 1953)
1928 - Zacharias J de Beer, South African physician/MP (DP)
1929 - Ram Da-Oz, composer
1930 - Angelo Paccignini, composer
1930 - Jimmy Breslin, Queens NYC, columnist (NY Post, News, Newsday)
1930 - Robert Atkins, American nutritionist (d. 2003)
1931 - Ernst Hinterberger, Austrian writer
1932 - Gundaris Pone, composer
1932 - Paul Anderson, US, light super heavyweight lifter (Olympic-gold-1956)
1932 - William J Hughes, (Rep-D-New Jersey, 1975- )
1933 - William A Anders, Hong Kong, Maj Gen, USAF/astronaut (Apollo 8)
1933 - Jeanine Deckers, Belgian nun (d. 1985)
1934 - Barend P Tammeling, Dutch journalist (Trouw, Groninger Gezinsbode)
1934 - Johnny Haynes, English footballer (d. 2005)
1935 - Alan Brown, cricketer (England opening attack Brown & White vs Pak 1961)
1936 - David Hobson, (Rep-R-Ohio)
1936 - Hiroo Kanamori, Japanese seismologist
1937 - Paxton Whitehead, English actor

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 6 of 6

1469 - Crown prince Fernando of Aragon marries princess Isabella of Castile
1707 - German composer Johann S Bach marries for the 1st time his cousin Maria Barbara Bach
1915 - American born poet (The Waste Land) T. S (Thomas Sterns) Eliot (27) marries 1st wife Vivienne Haigh-Wood (27)
1945 - Actress Ava Gardner (22) weds band leader Artie Shaw (35) in Hollywood
1952 - Country music legend Hank Williams (29) weds Billie Jean Jones in Minden, Louisiana
1975 - Bee Gees Maurice Gibb weds Yvonne Spencely

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 104

532 - Boniface II, 1st "German" Pope, dies
1174 - Queen Petronila of Aragon (b. 1135)
1312 - Jan II, duke of Brabant/Limburg (charter of Kortenberg), dies
1552 - Andreas Osiander, Protestant Reformation theologist, dies at 53
1586 - Philip Sidney, English poet/diplomat, dies in battle at 32
1616 - John Pitts, Catholic scholar and writer. (b. 1560)
1638 - Gilles Claesz de Hondecoeter, Flemish (?) painter, buried at about 63
1660 - Adrian Scrope, English regicide (b. 1601)
1673 - Thomas Clifford, 1st Baron Clifford of Chudleigh, English statesman (b. 1630)
1702 - Walraad the Old, count/soverign of Nassau-Usingen, dies
1757 - René Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur, French scientist (b. 1683)
1763 - Arnold Hoogvliet, poet (Abraham the patriarch), dies at 76
1776 - Pierre François le Courayer, French theologian (b. 1681)
1780 - William Cookworthy, English chemist (b. 1705)
1786 - Johann Ludwig Aberli, Swiss artist (b. 1723)
1806 - Jean Jacques Dessalines, Emperor of Haiti, dies
1825 - Peter Winter, composer, dies at 71
1836 - Orest Kiprensky, Russian painter (b. 1782)
1837 - Johann Nepomuk Hummel, Austrian composer, dies at 58
Composer Frederic ChopinComposer Frederic Chopin (1849) 1849 - Frederic Chopin, Polish/French pianist/composer, dies at 39
1868 - Laura Secord, Canadian heroine of the war of 1812 (b. 1775)
1887 - Gustav R Kirchhoff, German physicist (spectroscopy), dies at 63
1889 - Nikolai Chernyshevsky, Russian philosopher (b. 1828)
1890 - Prosper Philippe Catherine Sainton, composer, dies at 77
1897 - Isidor Dannstrom, composer, dies at 84
1904 - Nikolai Amani, composer, dies at 32
1909 - Nicola Spinelli, composer, dies at 44
1910 - Julia Ward Howe, composer (Battle Hymn of Republic), dies at 91
1910 - William V Moody, US poet (Sabine Woman, Great Divide), dies
1917 - Maria J "Marie" Bakker, actress/wife of Maarten Stranger, dies at 59
1918 - Gordon White, cricketer (WW I Superb South African batsman 1905-12), dies
1921 - Katherine Griffith, actress (Pollyanna), dies at 45
1931 - Alfons Maria Jakob, German neurologist (b. 1884)
1934 - Santiago Ramón y Cajal, Spanish histologist and neuroscientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1852)
1941 - John S Plaskett, Canadian astronomer (Plaskett's twins), dies
1943 - Stefan Starzyński, Polish politician (b. 1893)
1944 - Pavel Haas, composer, dies at 45
1956 - Anne Crawford, British film actor (b. 1920)
1957 - John HA Eman, founder of Aruban Peoples Party, dies at 70
1958 - C L Townsend, cricketer (2 Tests for England 1899), dies
1958 - Paul Outerbridge, American photographer (b. 1896)
1962 - Natalia Goncharova, Russian painter (b. 1882)
1963 - Jacques Hadamard, French mathematician (Prime Numbers), dies at 97
1965 - Barton King, cricketer (America's greatest cricket all-rounder), dies
1966 - Soledad Jiminez, Spanish actor (Phantom ofthe Range), dies at 91
1966 - Wieland Wagner, German opera director, dies
1967 - Henry Pu Yi, last emperor of China, dies at 61
1970 - Pierre Laporte, Vice-Premier of Quebec (assassinated) (b. 1921)
1970 - Vola Vale, American actress (b. 1897)
1972 - Turk Broda, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1914)
1972 - Prince George of Yugoslavia (b. 1887)
1972 - Billy Williams, American singer (b. 1910)
1973 - Ingeborg Bachmann, Austrian poet (Gott von Manhattan), dies at 47
1974 - René A de Rooy, Suriname/Antillean poet, dies at 57
1975 - Vittorio Gui, Italian composer (Batture d'aspetto), dies at 90
1977 - Robert C "Cal" Hubbard, US baseball player/umpire, dies at 77
1979 - John Stuart, actor (Number 17), dies at 81
1979 - Karel Reiner, composer, dies at 69
1979 - S J Perelman, US humorist (Around the World in 80 Days), dies at 75
1981 - David Guion, composer, dies at 88
1981 - Albert Cohen, Swiss author (b. 1895)
1982 - Peterus van Doorne, Dutch industrialist, dies at 47
1983 - Raymond Aron, French sociologist/political scientist, dies at 78
1984 - Alberta Hunter, US blues singer/composer, dies at 89
1987 - Abdul Malek Ukil,Bangladeshi politician (b. 1925)
1990 - Ralph Abernathy, civil rights activist, dies at 64
1991 - J[ames] G Devlin, actor (No Surrender), dies at 84
1991 - Piet van Est, The Vuurbal, bicylist (7x Tour de France), dies
1991 - Tennessee Ernie Ford, country singer, dies of liver disease at 72
1992 - Ton Hasebos, cameraman/TV director (Gnome Hasebos), dies
1992 - Herman Johannes, Indonesian professor, scientist and politician (b. 1912)
1993 - Frank J Del Giudice, US industrial designer (Boeing 747), dies at 77
1993 - Helmut Gollwitzer, German theologist/antifascist, dies at 84
1993 - Wim van Dooren, theologist/humanist/philosopher, dies
1993 - Criss Oliva, American musician (Savatage) (b. 1963)
1994 - Augustus John "Gus" Risman, rugby League Player, dies at 83
1994 - Bernard Caulfield, judge, dies at 80
1994 - Dmitri Cholodov, Russian journalist, murdered at 27
1994 - Joan Barbara Grigor, artist, dies at 50
1994 - Rik van Bentum, painter/art director of Paradiso, dies at 57
1995 - Peter Hinchcliff, historian, dies at 66
1996 - Berthold Goldschmidt, composer/conductor, dies at 93
1996 - Christopher Acland, musician, dies at 30
1997 - Paul Edwin Zimmer, sci-fi writer, dies of heart attack at 54
1998 - Joan Hickson, British actress (b. 1906)
1998 - Hakim Mohammed Said, Pakistani scholar and philanthropist
1999 - Nicholas Metropolis, Greek-American mathematician, physicist and computer scientist (b. 1915)
2000 - Leo Nomellini, wrestler (b. 1924)
2001 - Jay Livingston, American songwriter (b. 1915)
2001 - Rehavam Zeevi, Israeli politician (b. 1926)
2002 - Derek Bell, Irish harpist (The Chieftans) (b. 1935)
2002 - Aileen Riggin, American swimmer (b. 1906)
2004 - Uzi Hitman, Israeli singer (b. 1952)
2005 - Ba Jin, Chinese writer (b. 1904)
2005 - Franky Gee, European techno artist (b. 1962)
2006 - Daniel Emilfork, French actor (b. 1924)
2006 - Christopher Glenn, American newscaster (b. 1938)
2007 - Joey Bishop, American entertainer, member of the Rat Pack (b. 1918)
2007 - Teresa Brewer, American pop and jazz singer (b. 1931)
2008 - Levi Stubbs, American baritone singer (Four Tops) (b. 1936)

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