This Day in History for 17th October

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 172

539 BC - King Cyrus The Great of Persia marches into the city of Babylon, releasing the Jews from almost 70 years of exile and making the first Human Rights Declaration.
415 - Jewish autonomy in Palestine ended by the Romans and Raban Gamliel forced from office
532 - Boniface II ends his reign as Catholic Pope
733 - Battle at Tours (Poitiers): Charles Martel's Frankish and Burgundian forces beat those of al-Andalus under Abdul Rahman Al Ghafiqi halting influence of Islam
1346 - Battle of Neville's Cross: King David II of Scotland is captured by Edward III of England at Calais, and imprisoned in the Tower of London for eleven years.
1387 - Swells convent Windesheim initiated
1404 - Cosma de' Migliorati elected Pope Innocentius VII
1448 - Second Battle of Kosovo, where the mainly Hungarian army led by John Hunyadi were defeated by an Ottoman army led by Sultan Murad II.
1456 - The University of Greifswald is established, making it the second oldest university in northern continental Europe (also for a period the oldest in Sweden, and Prussia)
King of England Edward IIIKing of England Edward III 1483 - Tomas de Torquemada appointed inquisitor-general of Spain
1556 - Ex-emperor Karel departs Netherland for Spain
1651 - Future King Charles II flees from England
1660 - Nine Regicides, the men who signed the death warrant of Charles I, are hanged, drawn and quartered, another is hanged.
1691 - New royal charter for Massachusetts, now including Maine, Plymouth
1720 - Pierre de Marivaux' "Arlequin Poli Par l'Amour," premieres in Paris
1740 - Ivan VI becomes Czar of Russia
1777 - British General John Burgoyne surrenders at Saratoga NY
King Charles IKing Charles I 1781 - Cornwallis defeated at Yorktown
1787 - Boston blacks, petition legislature for equal school facilities
1797 - Peace of Campo Formio: Austrian Dutch possessions & France
1800 - Dutch colony Curacao transfered to England
1806 - Former leader of the Haitian Revolution, Emperor Jacques I of Haiti was assassinated after an oppressive rule.
1808 - Political rights of Jews suspended in Duchy of Warsaw
1814 - London Beer Flood occurs in London killing nine.
1825 - 1st French Liszts operette Don Sanche premieres in Paris
1829 - Delaware River & Chesapeake Bay Canal formally opens
1829 - 1st supposed attack on abandoned German teenager Kaspar Hauser
1831 - Felix Mendelssohn's 1st Piano concert in G, premieres
1850 - Knickerbocker Engine Co Number 5 organized
1855 - Bessemer steelmaking process patented
1860 - 1st British Golf Open: Willie Park Snr shoots a 164 at Prestwick Club, Scotland
1862 - Battle of Leetown & Thoroughfare Gap, VA
1868 - Constitution of Grand Duchy of Luxembourg comes into effect
1871 - Great Britain annexes Griqualand South Africa
1871 - President Grant suspends writ of habeas corpus during US Civil War
1876 - Henry Morton Stanley's reaches Lualaba River
1877 - Henry Morton Stanley reaches Boma during trip cross Africa
Prime Minister of Canada John A. MacdonaldPrime Minister of Canada John A. Macdonald 1878 - After serving as the opposition for five years, John A. Macdonald is re-elected as Prime Minister of Canada
1885 - Baseball sets all players salaries at $1,000-$2,000 for 1885 season
1888 - Thomas Edison files a patent for the Optical Phonograph (the first movie).
1894 - Ohio national guard kills 3 lynchers while rescuing a black man
1896 - Anton Tsjechovs "Chayka," premieres in St Petersburg
1899 - Sutro railroad sold to Robert F Morrow for $215,000
1904 - Bank of Italy (Bank of America) opens its doors
1907 - Guglielmo Marconi's company begins the first commercial transatlantic wireless service between Glace Bay, Nova Scotia, Canada and Clifden, Ireland.
Inventor and Nobel Laureate Guglielmo MarconiInventor and Nobel Laureate Guglielmo Marconi 1912 - Bulgaria, Greece & Serbia declares war on Turkey
1916 - Dutch women demonstrate for female suffrage
1917 - 1st British bombing of Germany
1918 - De Kooy airport in Netherlands opens
1918 - Yugoslavia proclaims itself a republic
1919 - Radio Corporation of America (RCA) created
1920 - Chicago Bears (as Decatur Staleys) play 1st NFL game, win 7-0
1921 - Belgium's public library law goes into force
1922 - Scottish worker begins hunger march from Glasgow on London
1923 - Catholic University of Nijmegen Neth opens
1927 - Ban Johnson, in failing health, retires as AL president
1931 - Al Capone convicted of tax evasion, sentenced to 11 years in prison
Theoretical Physicist Albert EinsteinTheoretical Physicist Albert Einstein 1933 - Albert Einstein arrives in US, a refugee from Nazi Germany
1934 - "The Aldrich Family" premieres on radio
1935 - Pacific Association of AAU votes not to participate in Berlin Olympics
1940 - German occupiers issue identity cards
1941 - 1st US destroyer (Kearney) torpedoed in WW II, off Iceland
1943 - Liberators sink U-540 & U-631
1945 - Loyalty Day in Argentina, mass demonstrations held to release Juan Perón
1951 - Egyptian army fires on British troops
1954 - Phila Eagle Adrian Burk passes for 7 touchdowns vs Wash (49-21)
1955 - Lee Merriwether joins Today Show panel
1956 - England's 1st large scale nuclear power station opens
1956 - Pakistan defeat Australia by nine wickets at 1st attempt
1957 - "Copper & Brass" opens at Martin Beck Theater NYC for 36 performances
1957 - Britain's Queen Elizabeth & Prince Philip visit the White House
1957 - Dike Marken-Dutch mainland closed
Author Albert CamusAuthor Albert Camus 1957 - French author Albert Camus awarded Nobel Prize in Literature
1957 - II Tsjoendrigar becomes premier of Pakistan
1959 - "Billy Barnes Revue" closes at John Golden Theater NYC after 87 perfs
1959 - Queen Elizabeth is fined $140 for withdrawing her race horse
1959 - Stinchcomb Memorial in Cleveland Metroparks' dedicated
1960 - "Tenderloin" opens at 46th St Theater NYC for 216 performances
1960 - US & Britain sign accord for nuclear sub bases
1961 - 22nd congress of CPSU opens in Moscow
1961 - Battle of Paris-police kill 210 Algerians
1961 - NASA civilian pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 to 33,100 m
Impressionist Painter Henri MatisseImpressionist Painter Henri Matisse 1961 - NY Museum of Modern Art hangs Henri Matisse's "Le Bateau" upside-down It wasn't corrected until December 3rd
1962 - Yanks beat Giants for 20th world championship
1963 - "Jennie" opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 82 performances
1964 - Yanks fire Manager Yogi Berra
1965 - "On A Clear Day You Can See Forever" opens in NYC for 280 perfs
1965 - WBMG TV channel 42 in Birmingham, AL (CBS) begins broadcasting
1967 - "Hair" premieres on Broadway
1967 - Barbra Streisand stars on "Belle of 14th Street" special on CBS
1967 - Memorial service for Brian Epstein at New London Synagogue
Singer-songwriter & Actress Barbra StreisandSinger-songwriter & Actress Barbra Streisand 1967 - Pete Knight in X-15 reaches 85 km
1967 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1969 - NY Nets move from Comack to Island Garden, Hempstead NY
1969 - Plastic Ono Band's "Cold Turkey" is released in UK
1969 - Soyuz 7 returns to Earth
1970 - Anwar Sadat sworn in as president of Egypt
1971 - Cleveland Metroparks' Rocky River Nature Center opens
1971 - Judy Rankin wins LPGA Quality-First Golf Classic
1971 - Pittsburgh Pirates beat Balt Orioles, 4 games to 3 in 68th World Series

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 211

1253 - Ivo of Kermartin, ]])
1563 - Jodocus Hondius, Flemish mathematician/cartographer
1577 - Cristofano Allori, Italian painter (Judith)
1582 - Johann Gerhard, German Lutheran leader (d. 1637)
1623 - Francis Turretin, Swiss theologian (d. 1687)
1626 - Simon van Leeuwen, lawyer/historian (Roman-Holland regt)
1688 - Domenico Zipoli, composer
1696 - August III, king of Poland/monarch Frederik August II of Saksen
1704 - Willem Bentinck, orangist
1711 - Jupiter Hammon, 1st black American to publish poetry (Complete Works)
1719 - Jacques Cazotte, French writer (d. 1792)
1720 - Maria Teresa Agnesi, composer
1725 - John Wilkes, English journalist/MP (N Briton)
1729 - Pierre-Alexandre Monsigny, composer
1730 - Ernestus Weinrauch, composer
1734 - Grigori G Orlov, Russ guard officer/favorite of Catharina II
1806 - Alphonse LPP de Candolle, Swiss botanist
1811 - Albertus C van Raalte, Dutch/US vicar (owned land in Mich)
1813 - Georg Büchner, German playwright (d. 1837)
1815 - Emanuel Geibel, writer
1817 - Sajjid Ahmad Chan, Indian moslem leader/co-founder (Pakistan)
1817 - Samuel Ringgold Ward, Maryland, minister/abolitionist (Fugitive Negro)
1844 - Miguel Nieto, composer
1845 - Franz Ehrle, German prefect of Vatican library
1848 - William "Candy" Cummings, created curve ball
1853 - Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia (d. 1920)
1859 - William "Buck" Ewing, hall of fame catcher (NY Giants, Cin Reds)
1860 - Dionyssios Lavrangas, composer
1864 - Elinor Glyn, British novelist (3 Weeks)
1865 - James Rudolph Garfield, American politician (d. 1950)
1875 - Alfred Polgar, Austrian writer (Yes & No!)
1878 - Andrei N Rimski-Korssakov, Russian musicologist/son of Nikolai
1878 - Henri Mulet, composer
1883 - A S Neill, British headmaster (Summerhill)
1885 - Aaf Bouber-ten Hoope, Dutch actress (Jantjes)/wife of Herman Bouber
1886 - Spring Byington, Colo Springs, actress (Lily Ruskin-December Bride)
1890 - Roy Kilner, English cricketer (d. 1928)
1892 - Herbert Norman Howells, composer
1892 - Otakar Jeremias, composer
1892 - Theodor Eicke, Nazi official (d. 1943)
1893 - Jean Binet, composer
1893 - Fritz Ascher, Berlin Germany, German Expressionist artist
1895 - Doris Humphrey, Oak Park Ill, dancer (Dances of Women)
1898 - Mildred Knopf, cookbook writer
1898 - Shinichi Suzuki, Nagoya, Japanese music teacher (Suzuki Method)
1898 - Simon Vestdijk, Dutch writer/poet (5th Seal)
1900 - Jean Arthur, New York, American actress (Shane, Mr Smith Goes to Washington) (d. 1991)
1903 - Irene Ryan, El Paso Texas, actress (Granny-Beverly Hillbillies)
1903 - Jerry Colona, Boston Mass, comedian (Jerry Colona Show)
1903 - Nathanael West, American novelist (Day of the Locusts)
1905 - Franco Albini, Italian architect
1906 - Paul Derringer, American baseball player (d. 1987)
1908 - Red Rolfe, American baseball player (d. 1969)
1909 - Crozy [William] Cole, US jazz drummer
1912 - John Paul I, [Albino Luciano], 263rd Roman Catholic pope (1978)
1914 - Albert Markos, composer
1914 - Jerry Siegel, comic book writer (Superman)
1914 - John Mosely, recording expert/entrepreneur
Playwright Arthur MillerPlaywright Arthur Miller (1915) 1915 - Arthur Miller, NYC, playwright (Death of a Salesman, Crucible), (d. 2005)
1916 - Robert Lowery, Kansas City MO, actor (Murder Over NY)
1916 - Tadeusz Paciorkiewicz, composer
1917 - Marsha Hunt, Chicago Ill, actress (Jennifer-Peck's Bad Girl, Jigsaw)
1917 - Martin Donnelly, cricketer (brilliant lefty bat for NZ post-war)
1917 - Sumner Locke Elliott, Australian-born American novelist (d. 1991)
1918 - Rita Hayworth, NY, [Marguerita C Casino], actress (Gilda, Pal Joey)
1919 - John Moroney, cricketer (Australian opener 1949-51)
1919 - Isaak Markovich Khalatnikov, Russian physicist
1920 - Montgomery Clift, Omaha NE, actor (From Here to Eternity)
1920 - Rudolf Hrusinsky, Czech actor (Short Cut, Golden Eels)
1920 - Miguel Delibes, Spanish writer
1921 - George Mackey Brown, poet
1921 - Maria Gorokhovskaya, USSR, gymnist (Olympic-gold-1952)
1921 - Pricilla Lanford Buckly, editor/columnist (National Review)
1921 - Tom Poston, Columbus Ohio, actor (Steve Allen Show, Newhart)
1922 - Louis Benjamin, showman
1922 - Pierre Juneau, Montreal, Canada, film and broadcast executive, (d. 2012)
1922 - Luiz Bonfá, Brazilian composer (d. 2001)
1923 - Barney Kessel, American musician (d. 2004)
1926 - Beverly Garland, Santa Cruz California, actress (My 3 Sons)
1926 - Julie Adams, Waterloo Iowa, actress (Yancy Derringer, Code Red)
1926 - Karl Gordon Henize, Cincinnati Ohio, astronaut (STS 51-F)
1928 - Ivan Marinov, composer
1928 - James "Junior" Gilliam, Dodgers (NL rookie of year 1953)
1928 - Zacharias J de Beer, South African physician/MP (DP)
1929 - Ram Da-Oz, composer
1930 - Angelo Paccignini, composer
1930 - Jimmy Breslin, Queens NYC, columnist (NY Post, News, Newsday)
1930 - Robert Atkins, American nutritionist (d. 2003)
1931 - Ernst Hinterberger, Austrian writer
1932 - Gundaris Pone, composer
1932 - Paul Anderson, US, light super heavyweight lifter (Olympic-gold-1956)
1932 - William J Hughes, (Rep-D-New Jersey, 1975- )
1933 - William A Anders, Hong Kong, Maj Gen, USAF/astronaut (Apollo 8)
1933 - Jeanine Deckers, Belgian nun (d. 1985)
1934 - Barend P Tammeling, Dutch journalist (Trouw, Groninger Gezinsbode)
1934 - Johnny Haynes, English footballer (d. 2005)
1935 - Alan Brown, cricketer (England opening attack Brown & White vs Pak 1961)
1936 - David Hobson, (Rep-R-Ohio)
1936 - Hiroo Kanamori, Japanese seismologist
1937 - Paxton Whitehead, English actor

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 12 of 12

1469 - Crown prince Fernando of Aragon marries princess Isabella of Castile
Composer Johann Sebastian BachComposer Johann Sebastian Bach (1707) 1707 - German composer Johann S Bach marries for the 1st time his cousin Maria Barbara Bach
1749 - US revolutionary Samuel Adams (27) weds Elizabeth Checkley
1826 - Historian Thomas Carlyle (30) weds Jane Welsh (25)
1915 - American born poet (The Waste Land) T. S (Thomas Sterns) Eliot (27) marries 1st wife Vivienne Haigh-Wood (27)
1916 - Cartoonist Rube Goldberg (33) weds Irma Seeman
1945 - Actress Ava Gardner (22) weds band leader Artie Shaw (35) in Hollywood
1952 - Country music legend Hank Williams (29) weds Billie Jean Jones in Minden, Louisiana
1968 - Jazz trumpeter Quincy Jones Jr (35) weds actress Ulla Andersson (22)
Guitarist of the Bee Gees Maurice GibbGuitarist of the Bee Gees Maurice Gibb (1975) 1975 - Bee Gees Maurice Gibb weds Yvonne Spencely
1982 - Actor Robert Goulet (48) weds artist/writer Vera Novak in Las Vegas, Nevada
2009 - Musician Trent Reznor (44) weds vocalist Mariqueen Maandig in Los Angeles

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 105

Prominent Roman Woman of the First Century Agrippina the ElderProminent Roman Woman of the First Century Agrippina the Elder (33) 33 - Agrippina the Elder, Roman noblewoman (mother of Caligula), dies of starvation at 47
532 - Boniface II, 1st "German" Pope, dies
1174 - Queen Petronila of Aragon (b. 1135)
1312 - Jan II, duke of Brabant/Limburg (charter of Kortenberg), dies
1552 - Andreas Osiander, Protestant Reformation theologist, dies at 53
1586 - Philip Sidney, English poet/diplomat, dies in battle at 32
1616 - John Pitts, Catholic scholar and writer. (b. 1560)
1638 - Gilles Claesz de Hondecoeter, Flemish (?) painter, buried at about 63
1660 - Adrian Scrope, English regicide (b. 1601)
1673 - Thomas Clifford, 1st Baron Clifford of Chudleigh, English statesman (b. 1630)
1702 - Walraad the Old, count/soverign of Nassau-Usingen, dies
1757 - René Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur, French scientist (b. 1683)
1763 - Arnold Hoogvliet, poet (Abraham the patriarch), dies at 76
1776 - Pierre François le Courayer, French theologian (b. 1681)
1780 - William Cookworthy, English chemist (b. 1705)
1786 - Johann Ludwig Aberli, Swiss artist (b. 1723)
1806 - Jean Jacques Dessalines, Emperor of Haiti, dies
1825 - Peter Winter, composer, dies at 71
1836 - Orest Kiprensky, Russian painter (b. 1782)
1837 - Johann Nepomuk Hummel, Austrian composer, dies at 58
Composer Frederic ChopinComposer Frederic Chopin (1849) 1849 - Frederic Chopin, Polish/French pianist/composer, dies at 39
1868 - Laura Secord, Canadian heroine of the war of 1812 (b. 1775)
1887 - Gustav R Kirchhoff, German physicist (spectroscopy), dies at 63
1889 - Nikolai Chernyshevsky, Russian philosopher (b. 1828)
1890 - Prosper Philippe Catherine Sainton, composer, dies at 77
1897 - Isidor Dannstrom, composer, dies at 84
1904 - Nikolai Amani, composer, dies at 32
1909 - Nicola Spinelli, composer, dies at 44
1910 - Julia Ward Howe, composer (Battle Hymn of Republic), dies at 91
Canadian War Heroine Laura SecordCanadian War Heroine Laura Secord (1868) 1910 - William V Moody, US poet (Sabine Woman, Great Divide), dies
1917 - Maria J "Marie" Bakker, actress/wife of Maarten Stranger, dies at 59
1918 - Gordon White, cricketer (WW I Superb South African batsman 1905-12), dies
1921 - Katherine Griffith, actress (Pollyanna), dies at 45
1931 - Alfons Maria Jakob, German neurologist (b. 1884)
1934 - Santiago Ramón y Cajal, Spanish histologist and neuroscientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1852)
1941 - John S Plaskett, Canadian astronomer (Plaskett's twins), dies
1943 - Stefan Starzyński, Polish politician (b. 1893)
1944 - Pavel Haas, composer, dies at 45
1956 - Anne Crawford, British film actor (b. 1920)
1957 - John HA Eman, founder of Aruban Peoples Party, dies at 70
1958 - C L Townsend, cricketer (2 Tests for England 1899), dies
1958 - Paul Outerbridge, American photographer (b. 1896)
1962 - Natalia Goncharova, Russian painter (b. 1882)
1963 - Jacques Hadamard, French mathematician (Prime Numbers), dies at 97
1965 - Barton King, cricketer (America's greatest cricket all-rounder), dies
1966 - Soledad Jiminez, Spanish actor (Phantom ofthe Range), dies at 91
1966 - Wieland Wagner, German opera director, dies
1967 - Henry Pu Yi, last emperor of China, dies at 61
1970 - Pierre Laporte, Vice-Premier of Quebec (assassinated) (b. 1921)
1970 - Vola Vale, American actress (b. 1897)
1972 - Turk Broda, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1914)
1972 - Prince George of Yugoslavia (b. 1887)
1972 - Billy Williams, American singer (b. 1910)
1973 - Ingeborg Bachmann, Austrian poet (Gott von Manhattan), dies at 47
1974 - René A de Rooy, Suriname/Antillean poet, dies at 57
1975 - Vittorio Gui, Italian composer (Batture d'aspetto), dies at 90
1977 - Robert C "Cal" Hubbard, US baseball player/umpire, dies at 77
1979 - John Stuart, actor (Number 17), dies at 81
1979 - Karel Reiner, composer, dies at 69
1979 - S J Perelman, US humorist (Around the World in 80 Days), dies at 75
1981 - David Guion, composer, dies at 88
1981 - Albert Cohen, Swiss author (b. 1895)
1982 - Peterus van Doorne, Dutch industrialist, dies at 47
1983 - Raymond Aron, French sociologist/political scientist, dies at 78
1984 - Alberta Hunter, US blues singer/composer, dies at 89
1987 - Abdul Malek Ukil, Bangladeshi politician (b. 1925)
1990 - Ralph Abernathy, civil rights activist, dies at 64
1991 - J[ames] G Devlin, actor (No Surrender), dies at 84
1991 - Piet van Est, The Vuurbal, bicylist (7x Tour de France), dies
1991 - Tennessee Ernie Ford, country singer, dies of liver disease at 72
1992 - Ton Hasebos, cameraman/TV director (Gnome Hasebos), dies
1992 - Herman Johannes, Indonesian professor, scientist and politician (b. 1912)
1993 - Frank J Del Giudice, US industrial designer (Boeing 747), dies at 77
1993 - Helmut Gollwitzer, German theologist/antifascist, dies at 84
1993 - Wim van Dooren, theologist/humanist/philosopher, dies
1993 - Criss Oliva, American musician (Savatage) (b. 1963)
1994 - Augustus John "Gus" Risman, rugby League Player, dies at 83
1994 - Bernard Caulfield, judge, dies at 80
1994 - Dmitri Cholodov, Russian journalist, murdered at 27
1994 - Joan Barbara Grigor, artist, dies at 50
1994 - Rik van Bentum, painter/art director of Paradiso, dies at 57
1995 - Peter Hinchcliff, historian, dies at 66
1996 - Berthold Goldschmidt, composer/conductor, dies at 93
1996 - Christopher Acland, musician, dies at 30
1997 - Paul Edwin Zimmer, sci-fi writer, dies of heart attack at 54
1998 - Joan Hickson, British actress (b. 1906)
1998 - Hakim Mohammed Said, Pakistani scholar and philanthropist
1999 - Nicholas Metropolis, Greek-American mathematician, physicist and computer scientist (b. 1915)
2000 - Leo Nomellini, wrestler (b. 1924)
2001 - Jay Livingston, American songwriter (b. 1915)
2001 - Rehavam Zeevi, Israeli politician (b. 1926)
2002 - Derek Bell, Irish harpist (The Chieftans) (b. 1935)
2002 - Aileen Riggin, American swimmer (b. 1906)
2004 - Uzi Hitman, Israeli singer (b. 1952)
2005 - Ba Jin, Chinese writer (b. 1904)
2005 - Franky Gee, European techno artist (b. 1962)
2006 - Daniel Emilfork, French actor (b. 1924)
2006 - Christopher Glenn, American newscaster (b. 1938)
2007 - Joey Bishop, American entertainer, member of the Rat Pack (b. 1918)
2007 - Teresa Brewer, American pop and jazz singer (b. 1931)

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