This Day in History for 24th October

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 170

1260 - Saif ad-Din Qutuz, Mamluk sultan of Egypt, is assassinated by Baibars, who seizes power for himself.
1260 - The spectacular Cathedral of Chartres is dedicated in the presence of King Louis IX of France; the cathedral is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
1360 - The Treaty of Brétigny is ratified at Calais, marking the end of the first phase of the Hundred Years' War.
1492 - 24 Jews are burned at stake in Mecklenburg Germany
1531 - Bavaria joins Schmalkaldische Union
1593 - Alleged teleportation of Gil Perez.
1596 - -26] Battle at Kerestes: Ottoman beat Austria-Hungary & Germany
1648 - Treaty of Westphalia ends The Thirty Year's War in the Holy Roman Empire
1648 - Switzerland's independence recognized in the Treaty of Westphalia
1656 - Treaty of Vilnius: Russia & Poland sign anti-Swedish covenant
1681 - Earl of Shaftesbury accused of high treason in London
1795 - 3rd partition of Poland, between Austria, Prussia & Russia
French Emperor Napoleon BonaparteFrench Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte 1812 - Napoleonic Wars: The Battle of Maloyaroslavets takes place near Moscow.
1818 - Felix Mendelssohn, 9, performs his 1st public concert (Berlin)
1836 - A Phillips patents match
1851 - William Lassell discovers Ariel & Umbriel, satellites of Uranus
1856 - Constitution of South Australia adopted
1857 - World's 1st soccer club, Sheffield F C, founded in England
1861 - 1st US transcontinental telegram is sent (from San Francisco to Wash DC)
1861 - West Virginia seceded from Virginia
1871 - Mob in LA hangs 18 Chinese
1881 - Levi P Morton, US ambas to France drives 1st rivet in Stat of Liberty
Microbiologist Robert KochMicrobiologist Robert Koch 1882 - Robert Koch discovers germ that causes tuberculosis
1885 - Johann Strauss' opera "Zigeunerbaron," premieres in Vienna
1889 - Softball rules adopted by Mid Winter Indoor Baseball League
1899 - Battle at Rietfontein, South Africa: Boers vs British army
1900 - General Redvers Buller returns to England
1901 - 1st woman to go over Niagara Falls in a barrel (Anna Taylor)
1903 - 1st trotter to run a mile under 2 minutes (Lou Dillon 1:58.1)
1903 - George Sutton becomes billard champ
1904 - 1st NY subway opens
1908 - Billy Murray hits the charts with "Take Me Outto the Ball Game"
1909 - Italy and Russia sign the Racconigi Pact in which both nations promise to support the status quo in the Balkans
Naval Officer and Explorer Robert ScottNaval Officer and Explorer Robert Scott 1911 - Robert Scott's expedition leaves Cape Evans for South Pole
1911 - Orville Wright remained in the air 9 minutes and 45 seconds in a glider at Kill Devil Hills, North Carolina setting a new world record that stood for 10 years.
1913 - Joe Tinker fired as Cin Reds manager
1916 - Moroccan troops capture Ft Douaumont
1917 - Battle at Caporetto: German & Austria smash Italian army
1922 - German parliament mandates Ebert president until July 1925
1922 - Irish Parliament adopts a constitution for an Irish Free State
1923 - Gen Otto von Lossow calls Reichswehr to Berlin to form a dictatorship
Aviator Orville WrightAviator Orville Wright 1924 - Christian Gen Feng Joe Siang occupies Beijing
1924 - Nobel prize for fysiologie/medicine awarded to W Einthoven
1926 - Harry Houdini's last performance, which was at the Garrick Theatre in Detroit, Michigan.
1929 - "Black Thursday," start of stock market crash, Dow Jones down 12.8%
1929 - Ruby Vallee's Fleishmann Hour begins broadcasting on NBC radio
1929 - Belgium princess Marie-Jose & Italian crown prince Umberto gets engaged, assassination attempt on Umberto fails
1930 - A bloodless coup d'état in Brazil ousts Washington Luís Pereira de Sousa, the last President of the First Republic. Getúlio Vargas then installed as "provisional president."
President and Dictator of Brazil Getulio VargasPresident and Dictator of Brazil Getulio Vargas 1931 - George Washington Bridge linking NYC and New Jersey dedicated, opens the next day
1931 - Gangster Al Capone is sentenced to 11 years for tax evasion
1932 - British government signs trade treaty with USSR
1933 - Langston Hughes' "Mulatto," premieres in NYC
1935 - Italy invades Ethiopia [10/2]
1935 - Judge Landis fines ump George Moriarty, Cubs mgr Charlie Grimm & Chic players W English, B Jurges & B Herman for actions in World Series
1938 - US forbids child labor in factories
1939 - Benny Goodman records "Let's Dance"
1939 - Joe DiMaggio wins AL MVP, Jimmie Foxx is runner-up
1939 - Nazi require wearing of star of David
Baseball Player Joe DiMaggioBaseball Player Joe DiMaggio 1939 - Nylon stockings go on sale for 1st time (Wilmington Delaware)
1940 - US Fair Labor Standards of 1938 comes into effect - minimum wage, 44 hr week
1940 - Hitler meets Marshal Pétain
1940 - Japan eliminates US terms (strike, play ball) from baseball
1940 - Protestant churches protest against dismissal of Jew civil servants
1942 - 2nd day of battle at El Alamein: British infantry
1943 - Anti-nazi Clandestine Radio Soldatsender Calais begins transmitting
1944 - Rotterdam Passage fight frees 46 prisoners
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf HitlerDictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler 1944 - US air raid on Jap battleships/cruisers in Sibuya Sea: Musashi sinks
1944 - US aircraft carrier Princeton sinks at Philippines
1944 - US capt David Mccampbell shoots down 9-11 Jap planes in Gulf of Leyte
1945 - Charter of United Nations of force became
1945 - France (PC/PS/MRP win parliamentary election (25/24/23%)
1945 - UN charter comes into effect
1946 - Netherlands & Indonesia sign cease fire
1946 - A camera on board the V-2 No. 13 rocket takes the first photograph of earth from outer space.
1947 - Series of forest fires $30 million of timber (New England States)
1948 - Bernard M Baruch introduces term "Cold War"
1948 - Francis Poulenc's "Sinfonietta," premieres
1948 - Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical In Multiplicibus Curis
1948 - WJBK TV channel 2 in Detroit, MI (CBS) begins broadcasting
1951 - Jan de Hartog's "4 Poster," premieres in NYC
1951 - United Nations publishes its 1st postage stamps
1952 - Arab Liberation Movement becomes only party of Syria
1953 - KOOL (now KTSP) TV channel 10 in Phoenix, AZ (CBS) begins broadcasting
1954 - Dwight D. Eisenhower pledges United States support to South Vietnam
1956 - Margaret Towner becomes first woman to be ordained into the Presbyterian Church in the United States of America (PCUSA)
1956 - AP names Cin manager Birdie Tebbets as NL Manager of the Year
1956 - Soviet troops invade Hungary, Imre Nagy becomes PM of Hungary
1957 - Cin Redlegs decline to move to Roosevelt Stadium in Jersey City
1957 - The USAF starts the X-20 Dyna-Soar program.
1958 - USSR lends Egypt 400 million rubles to build Aswan Dam
1959 - US premier of D Sjostakovitch's 1st Cello concert
1960 - Disaster on USSR (Baikonoer) launch pad, kills missile expert Nedelin & team (165 die-unconfirmed); USSR claims killed in plane crash
1961 - "Evening with Yves Montand" opens at John Golden NYC for 55 perfs
1962 - Cuban missile crisis: US blockade of Cuba begins
1963 - "110 in the Shade" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 330 perfs
1963 - KRO shows 1st Bonanza
1963 - Sandy Koufax is unanimous winner of Cy Young Award
1964 - "Cambridge Circus" closes at Plymouth Theater NYC after 23 perfs
1964 - 18th Olympic games close at Tokyo, Japan
1964 - Belgian para's liberate 1,000 white hostages in Stanleyville

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 228

51 - Domitian, Roman Emperor (d. 96)
1378 - David Stewart, Duke of Rothesay, heir to the throne of Scotland (d. 1402)
1607 - John Lievensz, painter/etcher/wood carver
1632 - Antony van Leeuwenhoek, Hol, naturalist (Philosophical Transactions)
1675 - Richard Temple, 1st Viscount Cobham, English soldier and politician (d. 1749)
1710 - Alban Butler, English Catholic priest and writer (d. 1773)
1763 - Dorothea von Schlegel, German novelist (d. 1839)
Roman Emperor DomitianRoman Emperor Domitian (51) 1788 - Sarah Josepha Hale, author (Mary Had a Little Lamb)
1789 - Jean C Baud, gov-gen of Dutch-Indies (1834-6)
1789 - Ramon Carnicer y Batlle, composer
1794 - Friedrich B Freiherr von Gagern, German/Dutch army commandant
1796 - August v Platen, writer
1804 - Wilhelm Eduard Weber, German physicist (d. 1891)
1808 - Ernst Friedrich Richter, composer
1808 - Carl Bernhard von Cotta, Meiningen, Germany, German geologist
1811 - Ferdinand Hiller, German pianist/composer/conductor
1815 - John Edwards, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1894
1817 - Hippolyte Mège-Mouriés, Draguignan, France, French chemist and inventor of margarine
1830 - Belva Bennett Lockwood, attorney (1st lady to argue in Supreme Court)
1842 - Josef Nesvera, composer
1844 - Karl Lueger, anti semitic mayor of Vienna
1854 - Hendrik W Bakhuis Roozeboom, chemist (Heterogenen Gleichgewichte)
1855 - James S. Sherman, Vice President of the United States (d. 1912)
1857 - Ned Williamson, American baseball player (d. 1894)
1863 - Manuel Manrique de Lara y Berry, composer
1867 - Franco Leoni, composer
1868 - Alexandra David-Néel, French explorer and writer (d. 1969)
1872 - Peter O'Connor, Irish athlete (d. 1957)
1873 - Edmund Taylor Whittaker, Southport, Lancashire, U.K., British mathematician (applied mathematics and the theory of special functions)
1875 - Konstantin Yuon, Russian painter (d. 1958)
1877 - Pavel Grigor'yevich, composer
1877 - Rika H E Hopper, Dutch actress (Anastasia)
1878 - Hermann Claudius, German folk poet (Meister Bertram)
1881 - Paulus B Barth, Swiss painter/lithographer
1882 - Sybil Thorndike, England, actress (Saint Joan)
1885 - Ernest Claes, Belgian author (Saints from Zichem)
1886 - Delmira Augustini, Uruguayan poet (El Libro Blanco)
1887 - Victoria von Battenberg, wife of Spanish king Alfonso
1887 - Octave Lapize, French cyclist (d. 1917)
1890 - Chicago Mainbocher, uniform designer (Red Cross, Girl Scouts, Waves)
1890 - Kathleen Lockhart Manning, composer
1891 - Geertruida M W "Truus" Bakker, Dutch actress (The Two Orphans)
1891 - Rafael L Trujillo Molina, president/dictator of Dom Rep (1930-61)
1892 - Kurt Huber, German philosopher/resistance fighter
1894 - Bibhutibhushan Mukhopadhyay, Bengali author (d. 1987)
1896 - Jack Warner, [Waters], London England, actor (Christmas Carol)
1897 - Lazar Weiner, composer
1899 - Ferhat Abbas, Algerian pharmacist/MP chairman (1962-63)
1900 - Elizabeth Hill, teacher of Salvonic languages
1900 - Karl Otto Runolfsson, composer
1901 - Gilda Gray, Polish-born American actress and dancer (d. 1959)
FBI Agent Melvin PurvisFBI Agent Melvin Purvis (1903) 1903 - Melvin Purvis, Timmonsville South Carolina, American FBI agent
1904 - Moss Hart, Bronx NY, playwright (You Can't Take it With You, Act 1)
1905 - Elizabeth Poston, composer
1906 - Marie-Louise von Motesiczky, painter
1906 - Alexander Gelfond, Russian mathematician (d. 1968)
1908 - John Alwyne Kitching, zoologist
1908 - John Tuzo Wilson, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, Canadian geologist (contributions to plate tectonics)
1909 - Bill Carr, American athlete (d. 1966)
1911 - Clarence M Kelley, FBI head
1911 - Sonny Terry, rocker
Playwright Moss HartPlaywright Moss Hart (1904) 1911 - Paul Grégoire, French Canadian archbishop of Montreal (d. 1993)
1911 - Nathaniel Wyeth, Chadds Ford, Pennsylvania, USA, American chemist and inventor (created PET plastic beverage bottle)
1913 - Molly Mary Hyde, cricketer
1913 - Tito Gobbi, Italian baritone (d. 1984)
1915 - Jean Vallerand, composer
1915 - Tito Gobbi, Italian baritone (Figaro-Barber of Seville)
1915 - Bob Kane, American cartoonist (d. 1998)
1915 - Roger Milliken, American millionaire
1915 - Marghanita Laski, British Journalist and Novelist(d. 1988)
1917 - Marshall Goldberg, NFL halfback (Chicago Cardinals)
1919 - Frank Piasecki, American aeronautical engineer (d. 2008)
1920 - Louise H "Lous" Hensen, actress (Medea, Uncle Wanja)
1920 - Marcel-Paul Schützenberger, French mathematician (d. 1996)
1923 - Denise Levertov, American poet/essayist (Joy Beneath the Skin)
1923 - Reed van Delft, [Hendrika M Schwartz], actress (Golden draagkoets)
1924 - Jose Casanovas, composer
1924 - Piet Roozenburg, World champ checker player (1948 . . 55)
1925 - Jayaaram N Reddy, South African politician/banker
1925 - Ken "Slasher" Mackay, cricketer (exciting Aussie all-rounder)
1925 - Luciano Berio, Oneglia Italy, composer (Chemins)
1926 - Y A Tittle, AAFC/NFL QB (Baltimore, SF, NY Giants, MVP 1963)
1927 - Renato de Grandis, composer
1927 - Gilbert Bécaud, French composer and actor (d. 2001)
1928 - Gabriel Laub, Polish writer
1928 - Ken Hough, cricketer (NZ pace bowler in two Tests v England 1959)
1929 - George H Crumb, Charleston WV, composer (Pulitzer 1968-Echoes of Time)
1929 - James Brosnan, baseball player/writer (Long Season)
1929 - Yordan Radichkov, Bulgarian writer (d. 2004)
1929 - Hubert Aquin, French-Canadian novelist and activist (d. 1977)
1930 - Big Bopper, [JP Richardson], Sabine Pass Tx, vocalist (Chantiily Lace)
1930 - Johan Galtung, Norway, polemologist (Meaning of Nonviolence)
1930 - Raj Bagri, Indies/British merchant in metal
1930 - Sultan Ahmad Shah, King of Malaysia
1931 - Sofia Gubaidulina, Russian composer (Stimmen Verstummen)
1932 - Pierre-Gilles de Gennes, French physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2007)
Economist/Nobel Laureate Robert MundellEconomist/Nobel Laureate Robert Mundell (1932) 1932 - Robert Mundell, Kingston, Ontario, economist and Nobel laureate (1999)
1933 - Norman Rush, American writer
1934 - Arvind Apte, cricketer (brother of Madhav Scored 8 & 7 in one Test)
1934 - Margie Masters, LPGA golfer

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 3 of 3

Film Producer Robert EvansFilm Producer Robert Evans (1969) 1969 - "Love Story" actress Ali MacGraw (30) weds film producer Robert Evans (39)
1976 - Pediatrician Benjamin Spock (73) weds Mary Morgan
2013 - Country music singer-songwriter Ashley Monroe (27) weds MLB pitcher John Danks (28) at Blackberry Farm in Walland, Tennessee

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 119

996 - Hugo Capet, king of France (987-96), dies at 58
1375 - King Valdemar IV of Denmark (bc. 1320)
1521 - Robert Fayrfax, composer, dies at 57
1537 - Jane Seymour, 3rd wife of Henry VIII, dies
1572 - Edward Stanley, 3rd Earl of Derby, English politician (bc. 1508)
1579 - Albrecht V von Wittelsbach, duke of Bavaria, dies at 51
Astronomer Tycho BraheAstronomer Tycho Brahe (1601) 1601 - Tycho Brahe, Danish astronomer, dies in Prague at 54
1649 - Ferdinand van Boisschot, South Neth diplomat, dies at about 89
1655 - Pierre Gassendi, French philosopher, dies at 63
1667 - Gabriel Metsu, Dutch painter, buried
1667 - Godefroy Wendelin, Flemish astronomer, dies at 87
1669 - William Prynne, English Puritan leader (b. 1600)
1672 - John Webb, English architect (b. 1611)
1679 - Barent Avercamp, Dutch landscape painter, dies at about 66
1708 - Kowa Seki, Japanese mathematician
1785 - Jean-Jacques Robson, composer, dies at 64
1789 - Joaquin de Oxinaga, composer, dies at 69
1789 - Lucretia W van Winter-van Merken, Dutch poet, dies at 68
1799 - Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf, Austrian composer, dies at 59
1821 - Elias Boudinot, American President of the Continental Congress (b. 1740)
1842 - Bernardo O'Higgins, Chilean independence leader who freed Chile from Spanish rule, dies at 64
American Statesman Daniel WebsterAmerican Statesman Daniel Webster (1852) 1852 - Daniel Webster, lawyer/speaker/minister of Foreign affairs, dies at 70
1860 - Elie Decazes, French Bourbon Restoration politician, dies at 80
1864 - James Jay Archer, US Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle at 46
1869 - Joseph Jackson Lister, British optician who perfected the optical microscope by designing the achromatic objective lens, dies at 83
1875 - Raffaello Carboni, Italian writer
1897 - Francis Turner Palgrave, poet/editor (Golden Treasury), dies at 73
1898 - Pierre Puvis de Chavannes, French painter (b. 1824)
1901 - Paul Henrion, composer, dies at 82
1902 - Vladislav Ivanovich Zaremba, composer, dies at 69
1912 - Louis van Haecke, Flemish chaplain/author (Zeesterre), dies at 83
1915 - Désiré Charnay, French archaeologist (b. 1828)
1918 - Alexander Charles Lecocq, composer, dies at 86
1922 - George Cadbury, British chocolate and cocoa manufacturer (b. 1839)
1925 - Jindrich S Baar, Czech pastor/writer (Lusy), dies at 56
1929 - Peter J Blok, Dutch historian, dies at 74
1930 - Renaat Verheijen, Flemish actor/director (Dr Faustus), dies at 26
1931 - Murray Bisset, cricketer (S Afr)/Chief Justice of Rhodesia, dies
1938 - Ernst Barlach, writer, dies at 68
1940 - Victor Hollaender, composer, dies at 74
1940 - Pierre Weiss, French physicist (theory of ferromagnetism) dies at 75
1942 - Arthur Dolphin, cricketer (1 Test England 1921, 1 run, 1 catch), dies
1943 - Hector de Saint-Denys Garneau, French Canadian poet (b. 1912)
1944 - Lauri S A Haarla, Finnish writer (Juudas, Sukeltaja), dies at 54
1944 - Louis Renault, French automobile manufacturer (b. 1877)
1945 - Robert Ley, German nazi, commits suicide
1945 - Vidkun Quisling, Norwegian Min of Defense/PM (1942-45), executed at 58
1948 - Franz Lehar, Austrian/Hungarian composer (Wiener Frauen), dies at 78
1949 - Joaquin Nin y Castellanos, composer, dies at 70
1952 - Frederick Jacobi, composer, dies at 61
1953 - Ernest Irving, composer, dies at 74
1955 - Alfred Radcliffe-Brown, British Anthropologist (Structural Functionalism and studies of Andaman Islanders and Australian Aborigines), dies at 74
1956 - Henry Nicholas Ridley, British botanist (Malay Peninsula rubber industry), dies at 100
1958 - Esther Delterne, Flemish actress/revue-artists, dies at 81
1958 - Martin Fallas Shaw, composer, dies at 83
1963 - Beverly Wills, actress (Beverly-I Married Joan), dies at 29
1966 - Sofya Yanovskaya, Russian mathematician (b. 1896)
1967 - Lyle Latell, actor (Not of the Earth, Sky Dragon), dies at 63
1969 - Otto Jochum, composer, dies at 71
1970 - Richard Hofstadter, US historian, dies at 54
1971 - Carl Ruggles, US composer (Evocations), dies at 95
1971 - Chuck Hughes, Detroit Lion collapses during game & later, dies
1971 - Fernand Quinet, Belgian composer/conductor (Guerre), dies at 73
Baseball Player Jackie RobinsonBaseball Player Jackie Robinson (1972) 1972 - Jackie Robinson, 1st black baseball player (Bkln Dodgers), dies at 53
1973 - Jack Iverson, cricketer (5 Tests 21 wickets S1024 15 23), dies
1974 - David Oistrach, Russian violinist, dies at 65
1975 - Ismail Erez, Turkish ambassador, killed by car bomb in Paris
1975 - Zdzisław Żygulski, Sr., Polish literary historian (b. 1888)
1976 - Richard Sturzenegger, composer, dies at 70
1980 - Leonid Georiyevich Ivanov, Russia, cosmonaut (Soyuz 33), dies at 30
1981 - Deborah Baltzell, actress (Karen-I'm a Big Girl Now), dies at 25
1982 - James Philbrook, actor (Islanders, Investigators), dies at 58
1983 - Jessica Savitch, news anchor (NBC-TV), dies at 35
1984 - Edith Massey, actress (Polyester, Pink Flamingos), dies at 66
1984 - Walter Woolf King, actor/TV host (Lights Cameras Action), dies at 85
1985 - Richie Evans, American NASCAR driver (b. 1941)
1985 - Maurice Roy, Archbishop of Quebec, (b. 1905)
1987 - Constantin Alajalov, Russian artist, dies at 86
1991 - Gene Roddenberry, creator (Star Trek), dies of cardiac arrest at 70
1991 - Leon Clements, journalist (Interlijnen), dies at 43
1992 - Alexander V Van de Wall Bake, staff leader/gov KMA Breda, dies
1992 - Laurie Colwin, novelist (Happy All the Time), dies at 48
1993 - Ben Scholtens, historian (Gaama Duumi), murdered at 39
1993 - Desmond Nuttall, English theorist, dies at 49
1993 - Tonino Nardi, Italian cinematographer (Porte Manifest), dies at 54
1994 - Alexandr Nikolaievich Shelepin, dir of KGB (1958-61), dies
1994 - Gamini Dissanayake, Sri Lankain presidential candidate, murdered
1994 - Raul Julia, actor (Addams Family), dies of stroke at 54
1995 - Emile Jonassaint, president of Haiti (1994), dies at 82
1995 - Ronald Selby Wright, minister, dies at 87
1996 - Arthur Axmann, head of Hitler Youths in (1940-45), dies at 83
1996 - Bruce Matthews, newspaper executive, dies at 71
1996 - Hubert Miles Gladwyn Jebb, diplomat, dies at 96
1996 - Roderick Barclay, diplomat, dies at 87
1996 - Sid Pye, drummer, dies at 55
1997 - Don Messick, cartoon voice (Astro-Jetsons, Bamm Bamm), dies at 62
2001 - Wolf Rüdiger Hess, German neo-Nazi (b. 1937)
2002 - Herman Gaviria, Colombian football player (b. 1969)
2002 - Winton M. Blount, United States Postmaster General (b. 1921)
2002 - Harry Hay, American activist (b. 1912)

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