This Day in History for 27th October

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 181

312 - Constantine the Great is said to have received his famous Vision of the Cross.
625 - Honorius I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
710 - Saracen invasion of Sardinia.
939 - Edmund I succeeds Athelstan as King of England.
1275 - Traditional founding of the city of Amsterdam.
1523 - English troops occupy Montalidier France
1553 - Condemned as a heretic, Michael Servetus is burned at the stake just outside Geneva.
1605 - Spanish army under General Spinola occupies Wachtendonk
1627 - English assault on French Il de Ré
1644 - Second Battle of Newbury: King Charles I beats parliamentary armies
1651 - English troops occupy Limerick, Ireland
1676 - Poland & Turkey sign Peace of Warsaw
1682 - Philadelphia, Pennsylvania is founded.
1688 - King James II dismissses premier Robert Spencer
King Charles IKing Charles I 1702 - British troops plunder St Augustine, Florida
1775 - US Navy forms
1780 - Samuel Williams and the first U.S. astronomical expedition to record an eclipse of the sun observes the event at Penobscot Bay
1787 - Federalist letters start appearing in New York newspapers
1795 - Treaty of San Lorenzo provides free navigation of Mississippi
1806 - The French Army enters in Berlin.
1810 - US annexes West Florida from Spain
1830 - Major-General Baron D Chasse bombs Antwerp (Belgium revolution)
1838 - Missouri governor Lilburn Boggs issues the Extermination Order, which orders all Mormons to leave the state or be exterminated.
1863 - Dutch railway to Harlingen opens
1864 - Battle of Boydton Plank Road, VA (Burgess' Mill, Southside Railroad)
1864 - 2nd Battle of Fair Oaks, Va near Richmond
1864 - Confederate ship Albemarle torpedoed/sinks
1864 - Siege of Petersburg, VA
1867 - Garibaldi marches on Rome
1871 - Boss Tweed (William Macy Tweed), Democratic leader of Tammany Hall, arrested after NY Times exposed his corruption
1884 - Architect Henry Hardenberghs Dakota-complex opens in NYC
1886 - Musical fantasy "Night on Bald Mountain" performed in Russia
1893 - Hurricane hits coast between Savannah Ga & Charleston SC
1896 - 1st Pali Road completed in Hawaii (winds so strong streams flow UP!)
1901 - 1st complete performance of Debussy's "Nocturnes"
1904 - IRT (Interborough Rapid Transit), opens in NYC, subway/bus fare is set at one nickel (Bkln bridge-145 & Bdwy)
1907 - The first trial of the so called Eulenberg Affair, which will rock the highest circles of Germany, ends
1913 - Pres Wilson says US will never attack another country
1914 - British battleship Audacious sunk by mine
1915 - Andrew Fisher is replaced as Labour Prime Minister by William 'Billy' Hughes, who will advocate a more active role for Australians in the war
1916 - 1st published reference to "jazz" appears (Variety)
1916 - Battle of Segale: Negus Mikael, marching on the Ethiopian capital in support of his son Emperor Iyasus V, is defeated by Fitawrari abte Giyorgis, securing the throne for Empress Zauditu.
1919 - Axeman of New Orleans claims last victim
1919 - US Congress sign Volstead Act
1920 - League of Nations moves headquarters in Geneva
1920 - Westinghouse radio station in East Pittsburgh, KDKA begins
1922 - 1st commemoration of Navy Day
1922 - Dutch 2nd Chamber votes for child labor laws
1924 - The Uzbek SSR is founded in the Soviet Union.
1925 - Water skis patented by Fred Waller
1927 - Queen Wilhelmina opens Meuse-Waal Canal in Nijmegen
1931 - Chuhei Numbu of Japan, sets then long jump record at 26' 2½"
1933 - Valentin Boreyko, Russia, rower (Oly Gld 1960), (d. 2012)
1935 - SDAP & NVV launchs "Plan for Work" in Utrect Netherlands
1938 - DuPont announces its new synthetic fiber will be called "nylon"
1941 - Chicago Daily Tribune editorialize there will not be war with Japan
1941 - Nazi's directs gypsy ghetto in Belgrade
1942 - 5th day of battle at El Alamein: heavy battles/Australian advance
1942 - US aircraft carrier Hornet sinks off Santa Cruz
1944 - Hertogenbosch & Tilburg freed from nazi occupation
1944 - Tito reaches free Belgrade
1945 - "Carib Song" closes at Adelphi Theater NYC after 36 performances
1945 - 1st edition of Elseviers Weekly newspaper (Elseviers Magazine)
1946 - Georgi Domitrovs National Front wins Bulgaria elections (78%)
Comedian Groucho MarxComedian Groucho Marx 1947 - "You Bet Your Life" with Groucho Marx premieres on ABC radio
1947 - WMAR TV channel 2 in Baltimore, MD (NBC) begins broadcasting
1948 - Albert Camus' "L'etat de Siege" premieres in Paris
1948 - Israel recaptures Nizzanim in Negev
1948 - Léopold Sédar Senghor founds the Senegalese Democratic Bloc (BDS).
1950 - Paul Creston's 3rd Symphony "Triumph of St Joan" premieres
1952 - "My Darlin' Aida" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 89 perfs
1954 - Pres Eisenhower offers aid to S Vietnam pres Ngo Dinh Diem
Author Albert CamusAuthor Albert Camus 1954 - WISN TV channel 12 in Milwaukee, WI (ABC) begins broadcasting
1954 - Walt Disney's 1st TV show, "Disneyland", premieres on ABC
1954 - Benjamin O. Davis Jr. becomes the first African-American general in the United States Air Force.
1955 - Argentine peso devalued
1955 - Satomi Myodo, renews Zen nun vows & takes Buddhist name of Daien Myodo
1957 - Celal Bayar re-elected president of Turkey
1957 - WOWL TV channel 15 in Florence, AL (NBC/CBS) begins broadcasting
1957 - WPTA TV channel 21 in Fort Wayne, IN (ABC) begins broadcasting
Animator Walt DisneyAnimator Walt Disney 1958 - Gen Ayub Khan succeeds Iskander Mirza as president of Pakistan
1958 - WEDU TV channel 3 in Tampa-St Petersburg, FL (PBS) begins broadcasting
1959 - Rare Pacific hurricane kills 2,000 in Western Mexico
1960 - AL admits LA & Washington to the league
1960 - Singer Ben E King records "Spanish Harlem" & "Stand By Me"
1961 - 1st Saturn launch vehicle makes an unmanned flight test
1961 - American Basketball League starts play
1961 - Outer Mongolia & Mauritania become 102nd & 103rd members of UN
1961 - USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya & Sary Shagan USSR
1962 - "Beyond the Fringe" opens at John Golden Theater NYC for 673 perfs
1962 - Black Saturday - Russian nuclear missile crisis in Cuba
1962 - US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Johnston Island
1962 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1962 - The plane of Enrico Mattei, Italian industry's most relevant figure, crashes in mysterious circumstances.
1963 - Bob Simpson completes 359 for NSW v Qld at Gabba
1963 - Sandra Haynie wins LPGA Phoenix Thunderbirds Golf Tournament
1964 - "Ben Franklin in Paris" opens at Lunt Fontanne NYC for 215 perfs
1964 - Congo rebel leader Christopher Gbenye holds 60 Americans/800 Belgians
1965 - WCFT TV channel 33 in Tuscaloosa, AL (CBS) begins broadcasting
1966 - China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 202

1156 - Count Raymond VI of Toulouse (d. 1222)
1401 - Catherine of Valois, queen of Henry V of England (d. 1437)
1728 - James Cook, Yorkshire, England, captain/explorer, discovered Sandwich Islands
1739 - Franz Ignaz Kaa, composer
1744 - Mary Moser, English painter (d. 1819)
1746 - Georg Anton Kreusser, composer
1760 - August W A Grave von Gneisenau, Prussian fieldmarshal
1761 - Matthew Baillie, Shotts Manse Lanarkshire, Scottish Physician (first systematic study of pathology in 1793)
Captain/Explorer James CookCaptain/Explorer James Cook (1728) 1762 - Gijsbert K van Hogendorp, Dutch count/minister of Foreign affairs
1763 - William Maclure, Ayr, Scottish-American Geologist (first geological map)
1775 - Traugott Maximilian Eberwein, composer
1782 - Niccolo Paganini, Genoa Italy, composer/violin virtuoso (Princess Lucca)
1800 - Benjamin Franklin Wade, MC (Union), died in 1878
1809 - Peter "Peerke" Donders, Dutch RC missionary to Suriname
1811 - Isaac Merrit Singer, Pittstown New York, inventor (1st practical home sewing machine)
1811 - Stevens Thomson Mason, first Governor of Michigan (d. 1843)
1814 - Daniel H. Wells, Mormon leader and politician (d. 1891)
1817 - Antoni Katski, composer
1828 - Jacob Dolson Cox, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1900
1829 - Christopher Columbus Andres, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
1838 - John Davis Long, 32nd Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1915)
1842 - Giovanni Giolitti, 5x premier of Italy (1892..1921)
1844 - Klas Arnoldson, Sweden, politician/pacifist (Nobel 1908)
1854 - Sir William Smith, Scottish founder of the Boys' Brigade (d. 1914)
26th US President Theodore Roosevelt26th US President Theodore Roosevelt (1858) 1858 - Theodore Roosevelt, NYC, (R) 26th Pres (1901-09; Nobel 1906), (d. 1919)
1865 - Charles Spencelayh, English painter (d. 1958)
1872 - Emily Post, authority on social behavior/writer (Etiquette)
1873 - Henry Tate, composer
1876 - Jacqueline Royaards-Sandberg, actress (Un Soir Un Train)
1877 - George Thompson, English cricketer (d. 1943)
1885 - Sigrid Hjertén, Swedish modernist painter (d. 1948)
1889 - Enid Bagnold, novelist (Chalk Garden, 1956 Award of Merit)
1892 - Graciliano Ramos, Brazilian author/mayor of Palmeira
1892 - Victor E van Vriesland, Dutch poet/critic (Mirror of Dutch Poetry)
1893 - Johan G Dancer, Dutch poet (Meetings)
1894 - Antonius "Toon" Verhey, violin cellist/conductor (Residence-orch)
1894 - Fritz Sauckel, German Nazi General of Labor
1894 - Oliver Leese, British general (d. 1978)
1895 - John Boles, Greenville TX, singer/actor (Babes in Baghdad)
1896 - Edith Haisman, Titanic survivor
1904 - Erno Schwarz, Hungarian American soccer player (d. 1974)
1906 - Anton AM Struyken, minister of justice/governor Dutch Antilles
1906 - Earle Cabell, American politician (d. 1975)
1907 - Helmut Walcha, German organist (church music)
1907 - Moises F da Costa Gomez, premier Dutch Antilles
1908 - Lee Krasner, American painter (d. 1984)
1910 - Fred de Cordova, film/TV producer (Tonight Show)
1910 - Jack Carson, Manitoba Canada, actor (Star is Born, Mildred Pierce)
1911 - Leif Erickson, California, actor (Invaders from Mars, On the Waterfront)
1912 - Conlon Nancarrow, Texarkana Arkansas, composer (Soundings 4)
1914 - Dylan Thomas, Swansea Wales, poet (Child's Christmas in Wales)
1914 - Stanislaw Brunstein, artist
1915 - Harry Saltzman, St Johns NB Canada, producer (Goldfinger)
1916 - Bob de Lange, [Jacob Bernard], Dutch actor/director (Daniel)
1916 - Kazimierz Brandys, writer
1917 - Jack Plimsoll, cricketer (S Afr lefty quick, 3-143 in only Test 1947)
1917 - Oliver Tambo, co-founder (African National Congress)
1917 - Augustine Harris, British Bishop of Middlesbrough (d. 2007)
1918 - Paul Dixon, Earling Iowa, Ohio talk show host (Paul Dixon Show)
1918 - Teresa Wright, NYC, actress (Eleanor Gehrig-Pride of the Yankees)
1920 - Nanette Fabray, San Diego California, actress (Katherine-One Day at a Time)
1920 - K. R. Narayanan, 10th President of India
1921 - Anestis Logothetis, composer
1921 - Warren Allen Smith, American encyclopedist
1922 - Carlos Andres Perez, president of Venezuela (1974-79/89-94)
1922 - George Young, soccer star
1922 - Ralph Kiner, HR hitter (Pittsburgh Pirates)/sportscaster (NY Mets)
1923 - Roy Lichtenstein, NYC, Pop art painter (painted comic book panels)
1923 - Roy Lichtenstein, American artist (d. 1997)
1923 - Ned Wertimer, Los Angeles, California, actor (The Jeffersons), (d. 2013)
1924 - Alain Bombard, Paris, French Biologist, Physician, and Politician who sailed across the Atlantic Ocean in a small boat to test his theory that a shipwrecked person could survive without provisions
1924 - Ruby Dee, Cleveland, Ohio, American actress (A Raisin in the Sun, American Gangster)
1924 - Michel Galabru, Safi Morocco, actor (Judge & the Assassin)
1925 - Jane Connell, Oakland California, actress (Jane-Stanley, Bridget-Dumpling)
1925 - Mary Kay Steans, Glendale California, actress (Mary Kay & Johnny)
1925 - Warren M Christopher, US, lawyer/minister of Foreign affairs (1993- )
1925 - Albert Medwin, American inventor
1926 - H R Haldeman, former White House Chief of Staff (Watergate figure)
1926 - P G "Nana" Joshi, cricket wicketkeeper (Indian during 1950's)
1926 - H.R. Haldeman, American political personality (d. 1993)
1927 - Dominick Argento, York Penn, composer (Colonel Jonathan the Saint)
1927 - Edward Ralph Keinholz, sculptor
1928 - Datta Gaekwad, cricketer (father of Anshuman, batted in 11 Tests 50's)
1928 - Kyle Rote, NFL halfback (NY Giants 1951-61)
1928 - Stefan Wewerka, German architect/sculptor
1929 - Marino Iandioro, canned Tomato Pioneer
1930 - Bill George, NFL linebacker (Chicago Bears, LA Rams)
1931 - David Bryant, English world champion bowler/tv-host
1931 - Nawal el-Saadawi, Egyptian writer
1932 - Jean-Pierre Cassel, Paris France, actor (Trout)
1932 - Kathy Cornelius, LPGA golfer
Author Sylvia PlathAuthor Sylvia Plath (1932) 1932 - Sylvia Plath, Boston Massachusetts, American poet (Colossus, 3 Women, Bell Jar)
1933 - Floyd Cramer, La, hall of fame pianist (Last Date, On the Rebound)
1933 - John Sturdy, scholar
1934 - David Barclay, British hotel magnate/multi-millionaire
1934 - Frederick Barclay, British hotel magnate/multi-millionaire
1934 - Giorgos Konstadinou, Greek actor and director
1937 - Lara Parker, American actress
1938 - Maurice Hinchey, (Rep-D-New York)
1939 - John Cleese, Weston-Super-Mare England, comedian (Monty Python)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 8 of 8

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt26th US President Theodore Roosevelt (1880) 1880 - Theodore Roosevelt, later 26th US President marries Alice Hathaway Lee, on his 22nd birthday
1910 - Baseball legend Connie Mack (47) weds Katherine Holahan
1964 - Singers Sonny & Cher wed, Cher wore bell-bottoms
1971 - Steve Garvey weds Cynthia Truhan
1984 - "Jessie's Girl" singer Rick Springfield (35) weds Barbara Porter in Australia
1989 - Actor John Goodman (37) weds Annabeth Hartzog (21) in New Orleans
1991 - "Thompson Twins" singer Tom Bailey weds Alannah Currie at Graceland Wedding Chapel in Las Vegas
2005 - Grand Prix motorcycle road racer Fonsi Nieto (27) weds model Ariadne Artiles at Iglesia de San Miguel in Ibiza

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 109

925 - Rhazes, [Abu Bakr Mohammed ibn Zakarijja al-Razi], Persian, dies
939 - King Athelstan I of England (b. 895)
1271 - Hugh IV, Duke of Burgundy, French crusader (b. 1213)
1312 - John II, Duke of Brabant (b. 1275)
1327 - Elizabeth de Burgh, queen of Robert I of Scotland (b. 1289)
1331 - Aboe al-Fida, [Aboelfeda], Arabic writer/sultan of Hama, dies
1430 - Vytautas the Great, Grand Duke of Lithuania (b. 1350)
1439 - Albert II of Germany, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1397)
1449 - Ulugh Beg, a USSR astronomer, dies at 56
1485 - Rudolph Agricola, [Roelof Huysman], humanist/organist, dies
Grand Prince of Moscow and Russia Ivan the GreatGrand Prince of Moscow and Russia Ivan the Great (1505) 1505 - Ivan III, [Ivan the Great], Grand Prince of Moscow and Russia (1462-1505), dies at 65
1542 - Abraham ben Avigdor, rabbi/author (commentary on Tur), dies
1553 - Michael Servetus, Spanish physician, burns at stake for heresy
1561 - Lope de Aguirre, Spanish conquistador (b. 1510)
1573 - Laurentius Petri, first Lutheran Archbishop of Sweden (b. 1499)
1580 - John Bonga, beggar, dies
1605 - Akbar, Jellaladin Mahommed, Indian Mughal Emperor (born 1542)
1617 - Ralph Winwood, English politician (b. 1563)
1651 - Jan III van Foreest, Dutch lawyer/poet/mayor of Hoorn, dies
Mughal Emperor AkbarMughal Emperor Akbar (1605) 1652 - Henry, count of Nassau-Siegen, colonel/gov of Hulst, dies
1659 - Marmaduke Stevenson, Quaker in Boston, hanged
1670 - Vavasor Powell, Welsh non-conformist leader (b. 1617)
1674 - Hallgrímur Pétursson, Icelandic poet (b. 1614)
1675 - Gilles de Roberval, French mathematician (b. 1602)
1725 - Jacob Hop, politician/diplomat, dies at 71
1771 - Johann Gottlieb Graun, composer, dies
1781 - Herman-Francois Delange, composer, dies at 66
1789 - John Cook, American farmer and Governor of Delaware (b. 1730)
1796 - Anton Thadaus Johann Nepomuk Stamitz, composer, dies at 45
1822 - Christian Frederich Gottlieb Schwencke, composer, dies at 55
1833 - Ferdinand Franzl, composer, dies at 66
1845 - Jean Charles Athanase Peltier, French Physicist (Peltier effect 1834), dies at 60
1848 - Alexander Egorovich Varlamov, composer, dies at 46
1864 - Andreas Randel, composer, dies at 58
1917 - Arthur Rhys Davids, English pilot (b. 1897)
1919 - John Harry, cricket wicketkeeper (Aust one Test 1895, one catch), dies
1919 - Theodoor H de Meester, premier (1905-08), dies
1925 - Wilhelm Gericke, composer, dies at 80
1933 - Julius Klengel, composer, dies at 74
1933 - Meir Shapira, rabbi/organizer (Daf Yomi), dies
1935 - E. A. D. Eldridge, British racing driver (b. 1897)
1938 - Lascelles Abercrombie, English poet/critic, dies at 57
1940 - Fini Valdemar Henriques, composer, dies at 72
1941 - Ernest Everett Just, African-American embryologist (physiology of development, fertilization, cell division), dies of pancreatic cancer at 58
1942 - Helmuth Hubener, Youth Political Activist against the Hitler regime (b. 1925)
1943 - Bela Reinitz, composer, dies at 64
1943 - Isidor Traube, German Chemist (founded capillary chemistry, research on liquids), dies at 83
1944 - Iman J Van de Bosch, Belgian resistance fighter, dies
1949 - Marcel Cerdan, French boxer (b. 1916)
1949 - Ginette Neveu, French violinist (b. 1919)
1953 - Zdzislaw Jachimecki, composer, dies at 71
1953 - Thomas Wass, English cricketer (b. 1873)
1954 - Franco Alfano, Ital (opera)composer (Puccini's Turandot), dies at 78
1954 - Frank Druce, cricketer (252 runs in 5 Tests for England), dies
1955 - Clark Griffith, baseball player/manager (NY Yankees), dies at 85
1955 - Vladimir Mikhaylovich Deshevov, composer, dies at 66
1958 - Frederik Gerretson [Geerten Gossaert], historian/poet/politician, dies at 74
1958 - Joseph Klausner, Polish/Israeli new testament expert, dies at 84
1962 - Enrico Mattei, Italian oil magnate, dies at 58
1962 - Fatso Marco, comedian (Milton Berle Show), dies at 56
1962 - Rudolph Anderson, U-2 pilot, shot down over Cuba
1964 - Sammee Tong, actor (Bachelor Father, Mickey), dies at 63
1964 - Willi Bredel, writer, dies at 63
1965 - French Luitjes, Dutch athlete, dies at 21
1966 - Nigel Haig, cricketer (England pace bowler in 5 Tests 1921-30), dies
1968 - Lise Meitner, Austria/Swedish physics (protactinium), dies at 89
1969 - Jaime Pahissa, composer, dies at 89
1972 - Lew Parker, actor (Lou Marie-That Girl), dies a day before turning 65
1973 - Allan "Rocky" Lane, western actor (Mister Ed, Red Ryder), dies at 64
1975 - Rex Stout, US detective writer (Nero Wolfe), dies at 88
1975 - Rex Stout, American mystery writer (b. 1886)
1977 - James M Cain, US writer (Postman Always Rings Twice), dies at 85
1980 - Steven Peregrine Took, rocker, dies at 31
1980 - Judy LaMarsh, Canadian politician, author and broadcaster (b. 1924)
1980 - John Van Vleck, American Physicist, Mathematician, and Nobel Laureate who pioneered the modern quantum mechanical theory of magnetism, dies at 81
1981 - John Warburton, actor (King Rat, Cavalcade), dies at 94
1987 - Vijay Merchant, cricketer (Test average 47 72, 1st-class avg 71), dies
1988 - Charles Hawtrey, English actor (Carry On), dies near London at 73
1988 - S B Fuller, founder (Fuller products), dies at 83
1990 - Elliott Roosevelt, son of FDR, dies at 80
1990 - Ugo Tognazzi actor/director (La Cage Aux Folles), dies at 68
1990 - Xavier Cugart, bandlander, dies of heart failure at 90
1990 - Xavier Cugat, Spanish-born musician (b. 1900)
1990 - Princess Sophie von Hohenberg, daughter of assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria (b. 1901)
1991 - Andrzei Panufkin, Pol/Brit conductor/composer (Sinfonia Sacra), dies
1991 - Pyke F C Koch, realistic painter, dies
1991 - George Barker, English poet (b. 1913)
1992 - Roy Marshall, cricketer (143 runs for WI, 35725 runs overall), dies
1992 - David Bohm, American-born physicist, philosopher, and neuropsychologist (b. 1917)
1994 - Robert White, guitarist, dies at 57
1995 - Mike Dutfield, documentary Prodcuer, dies at 48
1995 - Susi Hush, tYelevision producer, dies at 49
1996 - Belinda Quirey, dance historian/teacher, dies at 84
1996 - James Aubrey Turner, scientist, dies at 57
1996 - John Gregory, dancer, dies at 82
1999 - Robert Mills, American physicist (b. 1927)
1999 - Charlotte Perriand, French architect and designer (b. 1903)
2000 - Walter Berry, Austrian bass-baritone (b. 1929)
2002 - Tom Dowd, American recording engineer (b. 1925)
2003 - Rod Roddy, American television announcer (b. 1937)

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