This Day in History for 28th October

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 150

306 - Mark Aurelius Valerius Maxentius proclaimed emperor of Rome
312 - Emperor Constantine the Great beats rival Maxentius at the Battle of the Milvian Bridge
969 - Byzantine troops occupy Antioch (in modern Syria)
1061 - Emperor disposes of bishop Cadalus & Pope Honorius II
1422 - Charles V's son succeeds him as king Charles VII of France
1467 - Battle at Brustem: Charles the Stoute beats the Luikenaars
1492 - Christopher Columbus discovers Cuba and claims it for Spain
1516 - Battle of Yaunis Khan: Turkish forces under the Grand Vizier Sinan Pasha defeat the Mameluks near Gaza.
1531 - Battle of Amba Sel: Imam Ahmad ibn Ibrihim al-Ghazi again defeats the army of Lebna Dengel, Emperor of Ethiopia. The southern part of Ethiopia falls under Imam Ahmad's control.
Explorer of the New World Christopher ColumbusExplorer of the New World Christopher Columbus 1538 - The first university in the New World, the Universidad Santo Tomás de Aquino, is established.
1574 - Prince Willem of Orange installs university
1595 - Battle at Giurgevo: Zsigmond Bathory of Transylvania beats Turks
1612 - Robert Dowland appointed court luitist of King James I
1628 - Hugenot bulwark La Rochelle surrenders to Cardinal Richelieu
1636 - Harvard University (Cambridge, Massachusetts) founded
1646 - First Protestant church assembly for American indians (Massachusetts)
1664 - The Duke of York and Albany's Maritime Regiment of Foot, later to be known as the Royal Marines, is established.
1740 - Ivan VI becomes czar of Russia [OS=Oct 17]
1746 - Peruvian cities of Lima & Callao demolished by earthquake, 18,000 die
1776 - Battle of White Plains; Washington retreats to NJ
1790 - New York gives up claims to Vermont for $30,000
Inventor of the Cotton Gin Eli WhitneyInventor of the Cotton Gin Eli Whitney 1793 - Eli Whitney applies for a patent on cotton gin
1834 - The Battle of Pinjarra occurs in the Swan River Colony in present-day Pinjarra, Western Australia. Between 14 and 40 Aborigines are killed by British colonists.
1846 - Pioneers suffer blizzard in Sierra Nevada; 42 die
1848 - The first railroad in Spain - between Barcelona and Mataró - is opened.
1858 - R. H. Macy & Co opens 1st store, (6th Ave-NYC) Gross receipts $11.06
1863 - Battle at Wauhatchie, Georgia: 865 killed or injured
1864 - Second Battle of Newtonia (American Civil War), Newton County, Missouri
1864 - Second Battle at Fair Oaks, Virginia, ends with 1554 casualties
1864 - Battle of Wauhatchie, TN
1867 - Maimonides College in Pennsylvania is first Jewish college in the US
1882 - Athletics reveal $22,000 profit in their 1st season in the American Association
US President Grover ClevelandUS President Grover Cleveland 1886 - Statue of Liberty dedicated by US President Grover Cleveland, celebrated by first confetti (ticker tape) parade in New York City
1890 - Last NL-AA World Series game Bkln ties Louisville 3 games & 1 tie
1891 - Quake strikes Mino-Owari, Japan kills 7,300
1893 - Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky conducts first performance of his Symphony Number Six in B minor, "Pathetique"
1894 - German emperor Wilhelm II fires chancellor Leo von Caprivi & premier Botho zu Eulenburg
1900 - After over 5 months second Olympic games in Paris, France, close
1904 - St Louis police try a new investigation method - fingerprints
Composer Pyotr Ilyich TchaikovskyComposer Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky 1906 - Belgian-British "Union Minière du Haut Katanga" mining company created in what is now the Democratic Republic of Congo
1908 - The English Newspaper the Daily Telegraph prints an interview with Germany's Kaiser Wilhelm II, who characterises himself as personally friendly to Britain but suggests the German people people are hostile, causing uproar in both countries
1911 - Bill Dobbie of Calgary Tigers kicks 10 singles in a game
1914 - German battle cruiser Goeben enters Black Sea
1914 - Omega Psi Phi Fraternity, founded at Howard University, incorporates
1915 - Richard Strauss' Alpensymfonie, premieres in Berlin
1916 - Australian government holds a national referendum seeking support for the proposal of compulsory conscription; it is rejected
1918 - Czechoslovakia gains independence as Austria-Hungary breaks up
1919 - Volstead Act passed by US Congress, establishing prohibition, despite President Wilson's veto
1921 - Amsterdam's Tuschinski movie theater opens
1922 - First US coast-to-coast radio broadcast of a football game
Italian Dictator Benito MussoliniItalian Dictator Benito Mussolini 1922 - Benito Mussolini takes control of Italy's government
1924 - French-Russian trade agreement signed
1924 - White Sox beat NY Giants 8-4 in Dublin, less than 20 fans attend
1924 - M.de Bruin, a quarry man and miner, discovers an infant fossil skull in a lime quarry in Taung, South Africa. Popularly known as the Taung child, Paleoanthropologist Raymond Dart identifies the fossil as a new hominin species called Australopithecus africanus (The Southern Africa Ape).
1927 - Josip Broz (Tito) begins 7 months jail sentence in Croatia
1927 - KLM-plane "Homing Pigeon" leaves Neth-Indies after 1st regular flight
1928 - Bradman scores 131 NSW v Queensland, 212 mins, 14 fours
Cricket Legend Donald BradmanCricket Legend Donald Bradman 1928 - Indonesian child laws enforced in Bahasa Indonesia
1929 - Dow Jones plummets 38.33 pts (13%) to 260.64
1934 - Brooklyn & Pittsburgh play a penalty free NFL game
1935 - Sidney Kingsley's "Dead End" premieres in NYC
1936 - FDR rededicates Statue of Liberty on its 50th anniversary
1938 - Farewell parade of International Brigade (Barcelona)
1939 - Anti-German demonstrations/strikes in Czechoslovakia
1939 - Spitfire shoots German Heinkel-111 down above Scotland
1940 - Greece successfully resists Italy's attack
1940 - Meeting between Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini in Florence
1942 - 6th day battle at El Alamein: British offensive under Montgomery
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf HitlerDictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler 1942 - Train crashes into bus, killing 16 & injuring 20 (Detroit Michigan)
1943 - U-220 sinks
1944 - Russia & Bulgaria sign weapons pact
1946 - German rocket engineers begin work in USSR
1948 - Flag of Israel is adopted
1949 - Georges Bidault elected president of France
1951 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1952 - Babe Didrikson-Zaharias wins LPGA Women's Texas Golf Open
1953 - Bud Grant of Winnipeg Blue Bombers intercepts 5 passes (record)
1953 - Red Barber, resigns as Dodger sportscaster to join Yankees
1954 - Major league owners vote down sale of A's to a Phila syndicate
1954 - N Richard Nash' "Rainmaker" premieres in NYC
Author Ernest HemingwayAuthor Ernest Hemingway 1954 - Nobel prize for literature awarded to Ernest Hemingway
1955 - Egypt & Saudi Arabia sign defense treaty
1956 - Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Luctuosissimi eventus
1957 - WMVS TV channel 10 in Milwaukee, WI (PBS) begins broadcasting
1958 - Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli, elected Pope, taking name John XXIII
1958 - Pete Runnels wins Comeback Player of Year (avg went from .230 to .322)
1959 - Buffalo Bills enter AFL
1959 - Jean Genet's "Les Negres" premieres in Paris
1961 - "Fiorello!" closes at Broadhurst Theater NYC after 796 performances
Pope John XXIIIPope John XXIII 1961 - Ground broken for Municipal (Shea) Stadium for NY Mets
1962 - NY Giant YA Tittle passes for 7 touchdowns vs Wash Redskins (49-34)
1962 - Radio Moscow reports nuclear missiles in Cuba deactivated
1962 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1962 - Cuban missile crisis: US President Kennedy receives letter from Soviet Leaderr Khrushchev suggesting agreement
1965 - Gateway Arch (630' (190m) high) completed in St Louis, Missouri
1965 - Pope Paul VI proclaims Jews not collectively guilty for crucifixion
First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Nikita KhrushchevFirst Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Nikita Khrushchev 1966 - Belgium's Gaston Roelants runs 12-4/5 miles in 1 hour
1970 - NBA Cleveland Cavaliers 1st home game, lose to San Diego 110-99
1970 - US/USSR sign an agreement to discuss joint space efforts
1971 - Great Britain becomes 6th nation to have a satellite (Prospero) in orbit

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 228

1017 - Henry III, Roman Catholic German emperor (1046-56)
1466 - Desiderius Erasmus, Holland, humanist and theologian (The Praise of Folly), (d. 1536)
1510 - Francis Borgia, Spanish duke and Jesuit priest (d. 1572)
1585 - Cornelius Otto Jansen, France, Roman Catholic reform leader
1667 - Maria Anna of Neuburg, second wife of Charles II of Spain (d. 1740)
1689 - Michel Mathieu, composer
Humanist/Theologian ErasmusHumanist/Theologian Erasmus (1466) 1691 - Peder Tordenskjold, Norwegian naval hero (d. 1720)
1697 - Canaletto, Italian artist (d. 1768)
1703 - Antoine Deparcieux, French mathematician (d. 1768)
1718 - Ignacije Szentmartony, Croatian Jesuit missionary (d. 1793)
1733 - Ignaz Franz von Beecke, composer
1767 - Marie Sophie of Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel), queen of Denmark and Norway (d. 1852)
1789 - Johann Schneider, composer
1793 - Eliphalet Remington, US gun maker
1795 - Leonardus A Lightenvelt, minister of RC Worship (1848 . .53)
1798 - Henri-Jerome Bertini, composer
1801 - Karl Georg Lickl, composer
1804 - Pierre F Verhulst, Belgium, mathematician (logistic curve)
1805 - John Thomson, composer
1810 - Adley Hogan Gladden, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1862
1818 - Ivan Turgenev, Russia, novelist/poet/playwright (Fathers & Sons) [OS]
1834 - Dudley McIver DuBose, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1883
1837 - Tokugawa Yoshinobu, Japan's last shogun (d. 1913)
1842 - Anna Elizabeth Dickinson, orator (Joan of Arc of the Civil War)
1842 - Charles Boissevain, editor Dutch Algemeen Handelsblad (1885-1908)
1845 - Zygmunt Florenty Wróblewski, Polish physicist (d. 1888)
1846 - Auguste Escoffier, king of chefs & chef of kings
1855 - Ivan V Mitshurin, Russian botanist (new types of fruit)
1856 - Franz Xavier Arens, composer
1864 - Adolfo Camarillo, prominent land owner, horse breeder, and rancher (d. 1958
1875 - Gilbert Hovey Grosvenor, American geographer and editor (d. 1966)
1876 - Albert E Michotte van den Berck, Belgian psychologist
1877 - Joe Adams, American baseball player (d. 1952)
1879 - Conrado del Campo y Zabaleta, composer
1879 - Channing H. Cox, 49th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1968)
1881 - Bruno Söderström, Swedish athlete (d. 1969)
1881 - Vin Coutie, Australian footballer
1884 - Miloje Milojevic, composer
1885 - Velimir Khlebnikov, Russian poet and playwright (d. 1922)
1886 - Grigory K Ordzhonikidze, [Sergo], Russian revolutionary politician
1889 - Juliette Béliveau, Quebec comedian (d. 1975)
1890 - Andres Isasi, composer
1891 - Ormer Locklear, American movie stunt pilot (d. 1920)
1892 - Eduard J Dijksterhuis, Dutch mathematician/historian (Fall & Throw)
1892 - Ludwig Strauss, German/Israeli writer (Night Watch)
1892 - Dink Johnson, American musician (d. 1954)
1893 - Christopher K Ingold, English chemist
1893 - Otto E Huiswoud, [Frank Billings], editor-in-chief (Negro Worker)
1896 - Howard Hanson, Wahoo Nebraska, composer/conductor (Nordic)
1897 - Hans Speidel, nazi chief-staff/NATO-supreme commander
1901 - Eileen Shanahan, Irish Poet (d. 1979)
1902 - Elsa Lanchester, Lewisham London, actress (Bride of Frankenstien)
1903 - Evelyn A Waugh, London, author (Brideshead Revisited, Scoop)
1904 - Louis de Meester, composer
1905 - Harry Broadhurst, airman
1907 - Edith Head, fashion designer (MGM)
1907 - Lew Parker, actor (Lou Marie-That Girl)
1907 - John Harold Hewitt, Northern Irish poet (d. 1987)
1909 - Adolfs Skulte, composer
1909 - Claude Bourdet, human rights activist/journalist
1909 - Francis Bacon, Ireland, painter (Study for a Pope)
1910 - Arthur Altman, songwriter
1910 - Marie Dollinger, Germany, dropped bataan in 1936 Olympic sprint
1912 - Richard Doll, English epidemiologist (d. 2005)
1913 - Peter Glenville, actor stage/screen director (Hotel Paradiso, Becket)
Medical Researcher and Virologist Jonas SalkMedical Researcher and Virologist Jonas Salk (1914) 1914 - Jonas Salk, NYC, medical reseacher (polio vaccine)
1914 - Richard Lawrence Millington Synge, British bio-chemist (Nobel 1952)
1914 - Glenn Robert Davis, U.S. Congressman (d. 1988)
1915 - Dody Goodman, Columbus Ohio, comedienne (Mary Hartman!, Max Duggan)
1915 - Richard Michael Fraser, political Administrator
1916 - Jessie Kesson, author
1917 - Jack Soo, American actor (d. 1979)
1918 - Harold Sheperdson, soccer trainer
1919 - Bernhard Wicki, St Polten Austria, director/actor (Crime & Passion)
1921 - Peggy Kirk Bell, LPGA golfer
1922 - Gershon Kingsley, German composer
1922 - Butch van Breda Kolff, American basketball coach (d. 2007)
1922 - Simon Muzenda, Zimbabwe politician (d. 2003)
1924 - Alfonso Montalva Montecino, composer
1924 - Antonio Creus, Spanish racecar driver (d. 1996)
1925 - Leonard Starr, comic strip cartoonist (Little Orphan Annie)
1925 - Wim Keja, Dutch MP (VVD)
1925 - Ian Hamilton Finlay, Scottish poet, writer, artist and gardener (d. 2006)
1926 - Bowie Kuhn, baseball commissioner (1969-1984)
1927 - Cleo Laine, Middlesex England, actress/singer (Flesh to a Tiger)
1928 - Wim van Heumen, coach of Dutch field hockey team
1928 - Ion Mihai Pacepa, Romanian general
1928 - Lawrie Reilly, Edinburgh, Scotland, footballer (Hibernian, 28 caps), (d. 2013)
1929 - 1st child born in aircraft, Miami, Florida
1929 - Joan Plowright, Brigg England, actress (Brimstone & Treacle)
1929 - Narotam Puna, cricketer (Bombay NZ off-spinner v England 1966)
1929 - Marcel Bozzuffi, French actor (d. 1988)
1929 - John Hollander, American poet
1930 - Harry Gilbert Trythall, composer
1930 - John Henry Mayer, composer
1930 - Bernie Ecclestone, English motorsports impresario (F1)
1933 - Garrincha, Brazilian footballer (d. 1983)
1934 - Jim Beatty, track runner (1st sub 4 minute indoor mile)
1935 - Folke Rabe, composer
1936 - Charlie Daniels, Wilmington NC, singer (Devil Went Down to Georgia)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 4 of 4

King of France Henry IIKing of France Henry II (1533) 1533 - Prince Henry of France (later Henry II) (14) marries Florentine noblewoman Catherine de' Medici (14)
1863 - Painter Edouard Manet (31) weds Suzanne Leenhoff (34)
2004 - Economist Joseph E. Stiglitz (61) weds professor Anya Schiffrin (41) at the Municipal Building in New York
2012 - Bristol Palin's former fiance Levi Johnston (21) weds Sunny Oglesby (20) at Settlers Bay Lodge in Wasilla, Alaska

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 122

Roman Emperor MaxentiusRoman Emperor Maxentius (312) 312 - Maxentius, Roman emperor (306-312), drowns at the Battle of Milvian Bridge at 34
900 - Alfred the Great, English monarch, dies
1138 - Boleslaw III Kryzwousty, [scheefmond], duke of Poland, dies
1225 - Jien, Japanese poet and historian (b. 1155)
1312 - Elisabeth of Tirol, German queen
1412 - Margaret I of Denmark, wife of Haakon VI of Norway (b. 1353)
1520 - Pier Gerlofs Donia, Frisian pirate and freedom fighter
1568 - Ashikaga Yoshihide, Japanese shogun (b. 1539)
1627 - Djehangir/Jahangir, great mogol of India, dies
1637 - Foppe van Aitzema, diplomat, dies at about 57
1639 - Stefano Landi, Italian composer (b. 1587)
1646 - William Dobson, English painter (b. 1610)
1661 - Agustín Moreto y Cavana, Spanish playwright (b. 1518)
1676 - Jean Desmarets, French writer (b. 1595)
1703 - John Wallis, English mathematician/cryptographer (wig of W), dies
Philosopher John LockePhilosopher John Locke (1704) 1704 - John Locke, English philosopher (2 treatises of government), dies at 72
1708 - Prince George of Denmark, Consort of Queen Anne of England (b. 1653)
1716 - Stephen Fox, British politician (b. 1627)
1740 - Anna Ivanova Romanova, empress of Russia (1730-40), dies at 47
1754 - Friedrich von Hagedorn, German poet (b. 1708)
1755 - Joseph Bodin de Boismortier, composer, dies at 65
1763 - Heinrich, count von Brühl, German statesman (b. 1700)
1768 - Michel Blavet, French court flautist/composer, dies at 68
1779 - Raphael Weiss, composer, dies at 66
1792 - Paul Möhring, German physician and scientist (b. 1710)
1792 - John Smeaton, British civil engineer (b. 1724)
1800 - Artemas Ward, American politician and soldier (b. 1727)
1806 - Charlotte Turner Smith, British poet and novelist (b. 1749)
2nd First Lady of the United States Abigail Adams2nd First Lady of the United States Abigail Adams (1818) 1818 - Abigail Adams, 2nd first lady (1797-1801), dies of typhoid fever at 73
1841 - Johan August Arfwedson, Swedish chemist (b. 1792)
1852 - Gerhard M Roentgen, founder Fijenoord dockyard, dies at 57
1854 - James P Carrell, composer, dies at 67
1857 - Louis Eugène Cavaignac, French soldier and politician (b. 1802)
1875 - William Howard Glover, composer, dies at 56
1877 - Johann Herbeck, composer, dies at 45
1877 - Robert Swinhoe, British naturalist (b. 1835)
1879 - Marie Roch Louis Reybaud, French writer (b. 1799)
1897 - Hercules Robinson, South Africa Commissioner (1880-89,1895-97), dies at 72
1899 - C Grant B Allen, Canada, British writer (Woman Who Did), dies
1899 - Ottmar Mergenthaler, German-born inventor (tuberculosis) (b. 1854)
1900 - Max Müller, German-born orientalist (b. 1823)
1905 - Alphonse Allais, French humorist/writer (Le chat noir), dies
1914 - Richard Heuberger, composer, dies at 64
1916 - Cleveland Abbe, American meteorologist (b. 1838)
1916 - Oswald Boelcke, German pilot (b. 1891)
1917 - Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg (b. 1831)
1918 - Ulisse Dini, Italian mathematician (b. 1845)
1919 - Ted Wainwright, cricketer (Yorks stalwart, 5 Tests 1893-98), dies
1922 - Hugo Verriest, Flemish writer/poet (Flemish Motion), dies
1927 - Eaton Faning, composer, dies at 77
1929 - Hermann Ungar, writer, dies at 36
1929 - Bernhard von Bülow, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1849)
1936 - E G Winkler, writer, dies
1939 - Alice Brady, actress (My Man Godfrey, Gay Divorcee), dies at 46
1940 - Andrea d' Angeli, composer, dies at 71
1952 - Billy Hughes, seventh Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1862)
1957 - Anthony J Morabito, co-owner of SF '49ers, dies while watching a game
1959 - Abe Waddington, cricketer (Yorks left-arm quick, Test avg 119), dies
1959 - Egon Kornauth, composer, dies at 68
1959 - Camilo Cienfuegos, Cuban revolutionary (b. 1932)
1962 - Pierre Froidebise, composer, dies at 48
1963 - Mart Saar, composer, dies at 81
1964 - Reginald Horace Blyth, Zen teacher/scholar, dies in Japan at 66
1965 - Ben Barka, Moroccan opposition leader, kidnapped & murdered in Paris
1965 - Earl Bostic, American saxophonist (b. 1913)
1968 - Henricus WJM Keuls, lawyer/poet, dies at 85
1969 - Constance Dowling, actress (Blind Spot), dies of cardiac arrest at 49
1970 - Baby Huey, [James Ramey], vocalist (Baby Huey & Babysitters), dies
1970 - Eduardo Lopez-Chavarri y Marco, composer, dies at 99
1971 - Yves de La Casiniere, composer, dies at 74
1973 - Taha Hussein, Egyptian writer (b. 1889)
1973 - Sergio Tofano, Italian actor (b. 1883)
1975 - Georges Carpentier, French boxer (b. 1894)
1975 - Oliver Nelson, American jazz composer and arranger (b. 1932)
1980 - Leon Janney, actor (Jim Matthews-Another World, Hawk), dies at 63
1986 - Margaretha "Marga" Klompe, Dutch 1st female minister (CRM), dies at 74
1986 - John Braine, British novelist (b. 1922)
1987 - Andre Masson, France, surrealist artist (Labyrinth), dies at 91
1987 - Woody Herman, US jazz clarinetist/composer, dies at 74
1991 - Dudley McConnell, headed NASA's Earth Science Division, dies
1991 - G L Vitto entertainer, dies at 69
1991 - John Korbal, film historian (Marlene Dietrich), dies at 51
1991 - Lydia Hodson Copeland, America's Jr Miss (1972), dies at 37
1991 - Sylvia Fine Kaye, US lyricist/composer, dies at 78
1992 - Joan Maloney Rio, dancer, dies of cancer at 57
1993 - Carmino Baelen, Belgian sleder, dies at 22
1993 - Doris Duke, heiress (American Tobacco Co), dies at 80
1994 - Sjlomo Goren, Polish/Israeli supreme rabbi, dies
1995 - Allan Leslie Merson, historian, dies at 79
1995 - Katsumasu Roy Sakioka, propery owner, dies at 96
1996 - Jack Tinker, drama critic, dies at 58
1996 - Morey Amsterdam, comedian (Dick Van Dyke Show), dies at 87
1996 - William Downie Forrest, journalist, dies at 94
1997 - Toni Carabillo, writer (Feminist Chronicles), dies of lymphoma at 71
1997 - Paul Jarrico, American screenwriter (b. 1915)
1998 - James Goldman, American screenwriter/playwright (The Lion in Winter) dies of a heart attack at 71
Poet Ted HughesPoet Ted Hughes (1998) 1998 - Ted Hughes, British Poet Laureate dies aged 68
2000 - Lída Baarová, Czech actress (b. 1914)
2000 - Andujar Cedeno, Dominican baseball player for the Houston Astros (b. 1969)
2000 - Carlos Guastavino, Argentine composer (b. 1912)

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