This Day in History for 7th October

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 181

3761 BC - The epoch (origin) of the modern Hebrew calendar (Proleptic Julian calendar).
336 - Pope Saint Mark's death ends his reign as Catholic Pope leaving the papacy vacant
1492 - Columbus misses Florida when he changes course
1506 - Pope Julius II & France occupy Bologna
1513 - Battle of La Motta: Spanish troops under Ramón de Cardona defeat the Venetians.
1520 - 1st public burning of books in Netherlands, in Louvain
1542 - Explorer Cabrillo discovered Catalina Island off California coast
1571 - Battle of Lepanto: Holy League of southern European nations destroys Ottoman fleet in significant loss off Western Greece
1637 - Prince Frederik Henry occupies Breda
1690 - English attack Quebec under Louis de Buade
1702 - British/Dutch troops under Marlborough occupy Roermond
The Warrior Pope Julius IIThe Warrior Pope Julius II 1714 - People riot due to beer tax in Alkmaar Neth
1737 - 40 foot waves sink 20,000 small craft & kill 300,000 (Bengal, India)
1763 - George III of Great Britain issues Proclamation of 1763, closing lands in North America north & west of Alleghenies to white settlement
1765 - Stamp Act Congress convenes in NY
1777 - Americans beat British in 2nd Battle of Saratoga & Battle of Bemis Heights
1780 - British defeated by American militia near Kings Mountain, SC
1806 - Carbon paper patented in London by inventor Ralph Wedgewood
1816 - 1st double decked steamboat, Washington, arrives in New Orleans
1825 - Miramichi Fire, disaster in New Brunswick
1826 - Granite Railway (1st chartered railway in US) begins operations
1828 - The Greek city of Patras is liberated by the French expeditionary force in Peloponnese under General Maison.
1840 - Willem I resigns as king of Netherlands
1856 - Cyrus Chambers Jr patents folding machine that folds book & newspapers
1864 - -Oct 13th) Battle of Darbytown Road, VA
1864 - Naval Engagement at Bahia Harbor, Brazil - CSS Florida vs USS Wachusett
1868 - Cornell University (Ithaca NY) opens
1870 - Leon Gambetta flees Paris in balloon
1871 - 16-hour fire injures 30 of Chicago's 185 firefighters
1879 - Germany & Austrian-Hungary sign Twofold Covenant
1882 - 1st World Series (game 2), Chicago (NL) beats Cincinnati (AA) 2-0
1886 - Spain abolishes slavery in Cuba
1900 - The term "orienteering" is first used for an event
1904 - NY Highlander Jack Chesbro wins record 41st game of season (41-12)
1907 - France's Henri Farman flies 30m in a biplane
1908 - Crete revolts against Turkey & aligns with Greece
1908 - Serbia & Montenegro sign anti-Austria-Hungarian pact
1912 - The Helsinki Stock Exchange sees its first transaction.
Ford Motor Company Founder Henry FordFord Motor Company Founder Henry Ford 1913 - Henry Ford institutes moving assembly line
1916 - Georgia Tech, coached by John Heisman, defeat Cumberland 222-0, the most lopsided score in the history of college football
1916 - The German submarine U-53 arrives off Newport, Rhode Island, and sinks 9 British merchant ships in international waters
1919 - First London-Amsterdam airline service (British Aerial Transport & KLM)
1919 - Fritz Kreisler & F Jacobi's "Apple Blossoms" premieres in NYC
1919 - KLM, Royal Ducth Airlines, established (oldest existing airline)
1922 - First radio link, WNJ (Newark) & WGY (Senectady) link for World Series
Football, Baseball & Basketball Player & Coach John HeismanFootball, Baseball & Basketball Player & Coach John Heisman 1922 - Landis insists Game 4 of World Series be played despite heavy rain
1922 - Oud-burgem of Rotterdam Zimmerman becomes High Comm's of Austria
1923 - Yankees Everett Scott runs his consecutive-game streak to 1,138
1924 - Greek government of Dikalekopoulis forms
1926 - Actress Theo Mann-Master resigns from stage
1926 - Italian Great Fascist Council forms
1927 - Yank Herb Pennock retires 1st 22 Pirates in World Series game
1928 - Paavo Nurmi runs world record 10 miles (50:15.0)
1928 - Race Tafari Makonnen crowned king of Abyssinia
1929 - Ramsay MacDonald is first British premier to address US Congress
Runner nicknamed the Runner nicknamed the "Flying Finn" Paavo Nurmi 1931 - 1st infra-red photograph, Rochester, NY
1933 - NY Giants beat Washington Senators, 4 games to 1 in 30th World Series
1935 - Detroit Tigers beat Chicago Cubs, 4 games to 2 in 32nd World Series
1935 - Himmler/Hess/Heydrich inspect the concentration camp at Dachau
1936 - 7th-place Brooklyn Dodgers fire manager Casey Stengel
1937 - Johan Wagenaar's "Feestmars" premieres in Amsterdam
1938 - Germany requires all Jewish passports be stamped with letter J
1940 - Reds Bucky Walters is 1st pitcher in 14 years to homer in World Series
1940 - World War II: the McCollum memo proposes bringing the U.S. into the war in Europe by provoking the Japanese to attack the United States.
1941 - German army occupies Viarma, USSR
1942 - 1 salvo Katjoesja-rocket destroys nazi battalion in Stalingrad
1942 - Last camouflaged German raider Komet leaves Flushing harbor (Neth)
1942 - Maxwell Andersons "Eve of St Mark" premieres in NYC
1942 - US & British government announce establishment of United Nations
1942 - Yvon Robert beats Bill Longson in Montreal, to become wrestling champ
1943 - Weill/Perelman/Nash' musical "One Touch of Venus" premieres in NYC
1944 - Allies bombs sea dikes at Vlissingen
German WWII Field Marshal Erwin RommelGerman WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel 1944 - Field Marshal Erwin Rommel ordered to return to Berlin
1944 - Riots in Amersfoort/Utrecht/Strugle
1944 - Uprising at Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp, Jews burn down crematoriums
1945 - Dutch author A M de Jong's murderer Ton van Gog escapes
1946 - Charles Ives' 2nd string quartet premieres
1947 - Larry MacPhail resigns as Yank GM after final game of World Series
1949 - German Democratic Republic formed from Russian occupation zone (National Day). Wilhelm Pieck becomes 1st president, Otto Greatwohl becomes 1st premier
1950 - NY Yankees sweep Philadelphia Phillies in 47th World Series
1950 - US forces invade Korea by crossing 38th parallel
1950 - Walter Bedell Smith replaces Roscoe H Hillenkoetter as 4th CIA head
MLB Pitcher Whitey FordMLB Pitcher Whitey Ford 1950 - Whitey Ford wins his 1st World Series game 5-2
1950 - William H Jackson becomes deputy director of CIA
1950 - Yanks win 13th world championship sweeping Phillies
1951 - David Ben-Gurion forms Israeli government
1952 - NY Yankees beat Dodgers 4 games to 3 in 49th World Series
1952 - First "Bandstand" broadcast in Philadelphia on WFIL-TV (Dick Clark joins in 1955 as a substitute-host)
1952 - Yankees tie their own record of 4 consecutive World Series wins
1953 - Bill Veeck tells Browns stockholders he faces bankruptcy unless they drop their suit to block his move to Baltimore, they comply
Radio and Television Personality Dick ClarkRadio and Television Personality Dick Clark 1954 - Hassan el Hodeiby, leader of Moslem brothership, arrested in Egypt
1954 - Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Ad Sinarum gentem
1955 - Aircraft carrier USS Saratoga launched at Brooklyn
1955 - Beat poet Allen Ginsberg reads his poem "Howl" for the first time at a poetry reading in San Francisco.
1956 - Mary Lena Faulk wins LPGA Heart of America Golf Open
1957 - KOAC TV channel 7 in Corvallis, OR (PBS) begins broadcasting
1957 - Louise Suggs wins LPGA Heart of America Golf Invitational
1958 - Potter Stewart appointed to US Supreme Court
1958 - US manned space-flight project renamed Project Mercury
1959 - "Happy Town" opens at 84th St Theater NYC for 5 performances

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 232

1573 - William Laud, English archbishop of Canterbury (1633-45)
1576 - John Marston, English writer (d. 1634)
1577 - Ferdinand, of Bayern, prince-bishop of Liege/archbishop
1589 - Maria Magdalena of Austria, Grand Duchess of Tuscany (d. 1631)
1698 - Henri Madin, composer
1713 - Granville Elliott, British military officer (d. 1759)
1728 - Caesar Rodney, Delaware, judge/signer (Declaration of Independence)
1734 - Ralph Abercromby, English army commander (Dutch Guyana)
1744 - Sergey Vyazmitinov, Russian general and statesman (d. 1819)
1746 - William Billings, Boston Mass, hymn composer (Rose of Sharon)
1748 - Charles XIII, King of Sweden (1809-18)/Norway (1814-18)
1758 - Paul Anton Wineberger, composer
1769 - Solomon Sibley, American politician (d. 1846)
1774 - Ferdinando Orlandi, composer
1786 - Louis-Joseph Papineau, Canadian lawyer and politician (d. 1871)
1798 - Jean B Vuillaume, French violin maker (octobas)
1801 - Adolf Muller, composer
1802 - Bernhard Molique, German violinist and composer
1817 - Bushrod Rust Johnson, Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1880
1821 - Richard Heron Anderson, Lt Gen (Confederate Army), died in 1879
1821 - William Sill, with The Underground Railroad
1826 - William Brimage Bate, US Confederate brig-gen/(Gov-D-Tenn, 1882-86)
1835 - Felix Draeseke, composer
1841 - Nicolaas Petrovic Njegos, king of Montenegro (1910-18)
1849 - James Whitcomb Riley, US, poet (Raggedy Man)
1854 - Christiaan R de Wet, South African rebel leader, politician and general in the Boer War
1866 - Martha McChesney Berry, US, founded Berry School for Children
1866 - Wlodimir Ledochowski, Polish-Austrian director of the Society of Jesus (d. 1942)
1868 - Fred H Hovey, tennis champ (US Open-1895)
1870 - Uncle Dave Macon, entertainer
1879 - Joe Hill, Jevla Sweden, organizer (IWW)/songwriter (Union Scab)/martyr
1879 - Joseph Bovet, composer
1880 - Jaime Pahissa, composer
1881 - Mikhail Drozdovsky, Russian general (d. 1918)
Nobel Prize Winning Physicist Niels BohrNobel Prize Winning Physicist Niels Bohr (1885) 1885 - Niels Bohr, Denmark, physicist, expanded quantum physics (Nobel 1922)
1886 - Johannes B Tielrooy, Dutch literary (Chateaubriand)
1887 - A C "Jack" Russell, cricketer (prolific England batsman post-WW I)
1887 - Jack Mulhall, Wappinger Falls NY, actor (Ken Murray Show)
1888 - Henry A Wallace, (D/P) 33rd VP (1941-45)/founder Progressive Party
1889 - Clarence Muse, Balt MD, actor (Sam-Casablanca, Black Stallion)
1892 - Dwain Esper, director (d. 1982)
1894 - Herman Dooyeweerd, Dutch philosopher/lawyer
1894 - Del Lord, American director (d. 1970)
1896 - Cyril Allcott, cricketer (NZ all-rounder in their early Tests)
1896 - Elijah Muhammad, US, leader of Nation of Islam
1898 - Alfred Wallenstein, Chicago Illinois, conductor (Chic Symph 1922-29)
1900 - Heinrich Himmler, a leading Nazi and head of the Gestapo
1901 - Frank X Boucher, Ottawa, All-star NHL center (Ottawa, NY Rangers)
1901 - Ralph Rainger, composer
1901 - Suvanna Phuma, premier of Laos
1902 - Willemina J H "Mascha" ter Weene, dancer/ballerina
1903 - Louis S B Leakey, archaeologist/anthropologist
1904 - Chuck Klein, Indianapolis In, Philadelphia Phillies (43 HRs in 1929)
1905 - Andy Devine, [Jeremiah Schwartz], Flagstaff Az, actor (Andy's Gang)
1906 - James E Webb, head of NASA (1961-68)
1907 - Tutta Rolf, Norway, actress (Whalers)
1907 - Víctor Paz Estenssoro, Bolivian politician (d. 2001)
1908 - Richard Caldicot, London England, actor (Horse's Mouth)
1909 - Shura Cherkassky, pianist
1909 - Anni Blomqvist, Finnish novelist (d. 1990)
1909 - Erastus Corning 2nd, American politician, 72nd Mayor of Albany, New York (d. 1983)
1910 - Henry P. McIlhenny, American philanthropist (d. 1986)
1911 - Joe Jones, Chicago IL, drummer
1911 - Vaughn Monroe, Akron Oh, singer/orchestra leader (Vaughn Monroe Show)
1911 - Shura Cherkassky, Ukrainian classical pianist (d. 1995)
1912 - Fernando Belaúnde Terry, President of Peru (d. 2002)
1913 - Irina Nijinska, Russian/US dancer
1913 - Simon Carmiggelt, Dutch journalist (Het Parool, Kinks)
1914 - Alfred Drake, [Capurro], Brooklyn NY, singer/actor (Kiss Me Kate)
1914 - Sarah Churchill, London, actress (All Over Town, Royal Wedding)
1915 - Margarita J Aliger, Russian poet (Zoja) [NS]
1915 - Roman Padlewski, composer
1916 - Walt W Rostow, NYC, economist (Politics & Stages of Growth)
1917 - Helmut Dantine, Vienna Austria, actor (Shadow of the Cloak)
1917 - June Allyson, Bronx, actress (Till the Clouds Roll By, Vegas)
1918 - Guido Aristarco, film critic
1919 - Gabriel Dell, Barbados, actor (Steve Allen Show)
1919 - George Duby, historian
1919 - Sir Zelman Cowen, Australian politician
1920 - Georg Leber, German politician (SPD), (d. 2012)
1921 - John Arthur Giles Gere, English art historian (Pre-Raphaelite painter)
1922 - Martha Stewart, Bardwell Ky, singer/actress (Daisy Kenyon, Doll Face)
1922 - Reina Prinsen Geerligs, [Leentje Vandendriesch], Dutch antifascist
1922 - Grady Hatton, American baseball player, (d. 2013)
1923 - Irma Grese, Supervisor at Nazi concentration camps
1923 - Jean-Paul Riopelle, Québécois member of Les Automatistes (d. 2002)
1926 - Diana Lynn, LA CA, actress (Annapolis Story, Easy Come Easy Go)
1926 - Ivan Jirko, composer
1926 - Marcello Abbado, composer
1927 - Al Martino, Phila, singer (Here in My Heart)/actor (Godfather)
1927 - R. D. Laing, Govanhill, Glasgow, Scottish psychiatrist
1928 - Sohrab Sepehri, Persian poet and painter (d. 1980)
1929 - Robert Westall, British author (d. 1993)
1929 - Graeme Ferguson, Canadian filmmaker and executive
1929 - Harold Zirin, Boston, Massachusetts, astronomer, (d. 2012)
1931 - Desmond Tutu, Anglican Archbishop of S Afr (Nobel Peace Prize 1982)
1932 - Joannes M Gijsen, Bishop of Roermond
1933 - Paul B Price, Cataret NJ, actor (Busting Loose)
1934 - Imamu Amiri Baraka, [Everett Leroi Jones], US, poet/writer
1934 - Ulrike Meinhof, German Red Army member

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 8 of 8

1776 - Crown Prince Paul of Russia marries Sophie Marie Dorothea of Württemberg.
Kennedy Family Matriarch Rose Fitzgerald KennedyKennedy Family Matriarch Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy (1914) 1914 - 44th US Ambassador to the United Kingdom Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr. (26) weds John F. Fitzgerald's mother, Rose Fitzgerald (24)
1965 - Actress and comedian Phyllis Diller (48) weds actor Warde Donovan
1978 - Country singer Merle Haggard (41) weds his backup singer Leona Williams (35)
1989 - Radio talk show host Larry King weds Julie Alexander
1995 - "Cheers" actor Ted Danson (47) weds Academy Award-winning actress Mary Steenbergen (42)
2006 - Comedian-actor Tim Allen (53) weds actress Jane Hajduk (39) at an outdoor ceremony in Grand Lake, Colorado
2012 - Media personality Jack Osbourne (26) weds Lisa Stelly on the Big Island of Hawaii

Famous Divorces

Divorces 1 - 2 of 2

Heavyweight Boxing Champion Mike TysonHeavyweight Boxing Champion Mike Tyson (1988) 1988 - Robin Givens files for divorce after 8-month marriage to Mike Tyson
2004 - Actress Andie MacDowell (46) divorces businessman Rhett Hartzog (45) after nearly three years of marriage

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 99 of 99

290 - [Christian] Sergius, roman soldier/martyred saint, decapitated
336 - Pope Saint Mark, bishop of Rome (336), dies of natural causes
929 - Charles III, the Plain, King of France (893-929), dies
1368 - Lionel of Antwerp, 1st Duke of Clarence, son of Edward III of England (b. 1338)
1488 - Andrea del Verrochio, sculptor/painter/goldsmith, dies at about 52
1553 - Cristóbal de Morales, Spanish composer (bc. 1500)
1555 - Louis of Praet, Habsburg diplomat (b. 1488)
1571 - Müezzinzade Ali Pasha, Turkish fleet commander, dies in the Battle of Lepanto
1577 - George Gascoigne, English poet
1612 - Menso Alting, Dutch reformed vicar/theologist, dies at 70
1620 - Stanisław Żółkiewski, Polish military leader (b. 1547)
1637 - Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy (b. 1587)
1639 - John I Pontanus, physicist/historian (Amsterdam), dies at 68
1651 - Jacques Sirmond, French Jesuit scholar (b. 1559)
1653 - Fausto Poli, Italian Catholic priest (b. 1581)
1660 - Paul Scarron, French, stagewriter (Le Roman Comique), dies at 50
1681 - Nicolaas Heinsius, Dutch philological/diplomat, dies at 61
1708 - Guru Gobind Singh, tenth Sikh Guru (b. 1666)
1766 - Andre Cheron, composer, dies at 71
1772 - John Woolman, American Quaker preacher and abolitionist (b. 1720)
1777 - Simon Fraser, English general, dies in battle
1780 - Patrick Ferguson, English major in SC, dies in battle at 36
1787 - Henry Muhlenberg, German-born founder of the U.S. Lutheran Church (b. 1711)
American Statesman George MasonAmerican Statesman George Mason (1792) 1792 - George Mason, American statesman (advocated for the Bill of Rights), dies of natural causes at 66
1793 - Wills Hill, 1st Marquess of Downshire, English politician (b. 1718)
1796 - Thomas Reid, Scottish philosopher (b. 1710)
1800 - Gabriel, slave revolt leader (Virginia), hanged
1811 - August R van Hekeren van Suideras, Dutch orangist, dies at 68
1849 - Edgar Allan Poe, American writer, poet and critic, dies in Baltimore at 40
1864 - Alexander Gardiner, US Union brig-general, dies in battle
1864 - John Gregg, US judge/Confederate brig-general, dies in battle at 36
Author Edgar Allan PoeAuthor Edgar Allan Poe (1849) 1887 - George James Webb, composer, dies at 84
1890 - John Hill Hewitt, composer, dies at 89
1894 - Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr., American writer (b. 1809)
1903 - Rudolf Lipschitz, German mathematician (b. 1832)
1906 - Honoré Beaugrand, Canadian journalist and politician, mayor of Montreal (b. 1848)
1911 - John Hughlings Jackson, English neurologist (b. 1835)
1915 - Samuel Prowse Warren, composer, dies at 74
1918 - C Hubert H Parry, Engl musicologist/composer (Jerusalem), dies at 70
1919 - Alfred Deakin, second Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1856)
1924 - Clemens Baeumker, German historian (Christian Philosophy), dies at 71
1925 - Hubert Platt Main, composer, dies at 86
1925 - Christy Mathewson, American baseball player (b. 1880)
1926 - Emil Kraepelin, German psychologist (b. 1856)
1939 - Harvey (William) Cushing, US neurologist, dies at 70
1943 - Eugeniusz Bodo, Polish actor (b. 1899)
1943 - Radclyffe Hall, British author (b. 1880)
1951 - Anton F Philips, CEO (Philips), dies at 77
1956 - Clarence Birdseye, American inventor (b. 1886)
1959 - Mario Lanza, opera singer, dies at 38 of a heart attack
1959 - PM Kassem of Iraq, assassinated
1962 - Mauritius Dekker, [Boris Robazki], writer (Boots in Jail), dies at 66
1963 - Grace Darmond, silent screen actress (Below the Surface), dies at 69
1963 - Gustaf Gründgens, German actor and director (M), dies of internal hemorrhage at 63
1964 - Eugen Varga, Hungarian/Russian economist/politician, dies at 84
1966 - Johnny Kidd, rocker (Johnny Kidd & Pirates), dies at 26 in a car crash
1966 - Smiley Lewis, [Overton Amos Lemons], rocker, dies at 46
1967 - Norman Angell (Lane), English journalist/pacifist (Nobel 1933), dies
1969 - Léon Scieur, Belgian cyclist (b. 1888)
1976 - Nikolai Lopatnikoff, composer, dies at 73
1981 - Wouter Paap, composer, dies at 73
1981 - Albert Cohen, Greek-born Swiss novelist (b. 1895)
1988 - Billy Daniels, singer, dies of cancer at 73
1990 - J Teengs Gerritsen, resistance fighter, dies
1990 - John "Cat" Thompson, basketball hall of famer, dies at 84
1990 - Juan Jose Arevalo, president of Guatemala (1945-51), dies
Baseball Player and Manager Leo DurocherBaseball Player and Manager Leo Durocher (1991) 1991 - Leo Durocher, baseball player and manager (Dodgers, Giants), dies at 86
1992 - Allan Bloom, author (Closing of the American Mind), dies at 62
1992 - Ed Blackwell, US jazz drummer (Quartet), dies
1992 - Tevfik Esenç, last known speaker of Ubykh (b. 1904)
1993 - Agnes de Mille, choreographer (Oklahoma!, Rodeo), dies at 88
1993 - Cyril Cusack, actor (Fahrenheit 451), dies of neuron disease at 82
1993 - Kenneth Nelson, US/English actor (Boys in the Band), dies at 63
1994 - James Hill, director, dies at 75
1994 - Niels Kaj Jerne, Danish immunologist (Nobel prize 1984), dies at 82
1994 - Paul Swift, US actor (Egg Man in Pink Flamingo), dies of AIDS at 60
1995 - Ariston Muguranayanga Chambati, politician/businessman, dies at 59
1995 - Louis Meyer, Indie 500 racer (3 wins), dies at 91
1996 - Charles Wegg Solicitor-Prosser, dies at 86
1998 - Arnold Jacobs, American tuba player a.k.a. Song and Wind (b. 1915)
2001 - Christopher Adams, British-born pro wrestler and judoka (b. 1955)
2001 - Herblock, American cartoonist (b. 1909)
2001 - Roger Gaudry, French Canadian chemist, businessman and corporate director (b. 1913)
2003 - Izzy Asper, Canadian tax lawyer (b. 1932)
2003 - Arthur Berger, American composer (b. 1912)
2003 - Wally George, American conservative TV commentator (b. 1931)
2004 - Ken Bigley, British civil engineer, kidnapped and murdered in Iraq (b. 1942)
2005 - Charles Rocket, American actor (b. 1949)
2006 - Anna Politkovskaya, Russian journalist (b. 1958)
2007 - Norifumi Abe, Japanese motorcycle racer (b. 1975)
2007 - George E. Sangmeister, American politician (b. 1931)
2008 - Leslie Hardman, Jewish Orthodox rabbi (b. 1913)
2009 - Irving Penn, American photographer (b. 1917)
2010 - Antonie Kamerling, Dutch actor (b. 1966)
2010 - Milka Planinc, former PM of Yugoslavia (b. 1924)
2010 - T Lavitz, American musician (b. 1956)
2011 - Ramiz Alia, the former communist leader and first president of the Albanian pluralist (b. 1925)
2012 - John Martin Tchicai, Danish saxophonist, dies at 76
2013 - Patrice Chéreau, French film and opera director, dies from lung cancer at 68

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