This Day in History for 7th October

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 177

3761 BC - The epoch (origin) of the modern Hebrew calendar (Proleptic Julian calendar).
336 - Pope Saint Mark's death ends his reign as Catholic Pope leaving the papacy vacant
1492 - Columbus misses Florida when he changes course
1506 - Pope Julius II & France occupy Bologna
1513 - Battle of La Motta: Spanish troops under Ramón de Cardona defeat the Venetians.
1520 - 1st public burning of books in Netherlands, in Louvain
1542 - Explorer Cabrillo discovered Catalina Island off California coast
1571 - Battle of Lepanto: Holy League of southern European nations destroys Ottoman fleet in significant loss off Western Greece
1637 - Prince Frederik Henry occupies Breda
1690 - English attack Quebec under Louis de Buade
1702 - English/Dutch troops under Marlborough occupy Roermond
The Warrior Pope Julius IIThe Warrior Pope Julius II 1714 - People riot due to beer tax in Alkmaar Neth
1737 - 40 foot waves sink 20,000 small craft & kill 300,000 (Bengal, India)
1763 - George III of Great Britain issues Proclamation of 1763, closing lands in North America north & west of Alleghenies to white settlement
1765 - Stamp Act Congress convenes in NY
1777 - Americans beat British in 2nd Battle of Saratoga & Battle of Bemis Heights
1780 - British defeated by American militia near Kings Mountain, SC
1806 - Carbon paper patented in London by inventor Ralph Wedgewood
1816 - 1st double decked steamboat, Washington, arrives in New Orleans
1825 - Miramichi Fire, disaster in New Brunswick
1826 - Granite Railway (1st chartered railway in US) begins operations
1828 - The city of Patras, Greece is liberated by the French expeditionary force in Peloponnese under General Maison.
1840 - Willem I resigns as king of Netherlands
1856 - Cyrus Chambers Jr patents folding machine that folds book & newspapers
1864 - -Oct 13th) Battle of Darbytown Road, VA
1864 - Naval Engagement at Bahia Harbor Brazil-CSS Florida vs USS Wachusett
1868 - Cornell University (Ithaca NY) opens
1870 - Leon Gambetta flees Paris in balloon
1871 - 16-hour fire injures 30 of Chicago's 185 firefighters
1879 - Germany & Austrian-Hungary sign Twofold Covenant
1882 - 1st World Series (game 2), Chicago (NL) beats Cincinnati (AA) 2-0
1886 - Spain abolishes slavery in Cuba
1900 - The term "orienteering" is 1st used for an event
1904 - NY Highlander Jack Chesbro wins record 41st game of season (41-12)
1907 - France's Henry Farman flies 30m in a double decker plane
1908 - Crete revolts against Turkey & aligns with Greece
1908 - Serbia & Montenegro sign anti-Austria-Hungarian pact
1912 - The Helsinki Stock Exchange sees its first transaction.
Ford Motor Company Founder Henry FordFord Motor Company Founder Henry Ford 1913 - Henry Ford institutes moving assembly line
1915 - Georgia Tech defeats Cumberland College 222-0 in football (record)
1916 - 222 points are scored in a football game between Georgia Tech & Cumberland University of Lebanon, Tennessee
1919 - 1st London-Amsterdam airline service (British Aerial Transport & KLM)
1919 - Fritz Kreisler & F Jacobi's "Apple Blossoms," premieres in NYC
1919 - KLM, Netherlands Airlines, established (oldest existing airline)
1922 - 1st radio link, WNJ (Newark) & WGY (Senectady) link for World Series
1922 - Landis insists Game 4 of World Series be played despite heavy rain
1922 - Oud-burgem of Rotterdam Zimmerman becomes High Comm's of Austria
1923 - Yankees Everett Scott runs his consecutive-game streak to 1,138
1924 - Greek government of Dikalekopoulis, forms
1926 - Actress Theo Mann-Master resigns from stage
1926 - Italian Great Fascist Council forms
1927 - Yank Herb Pennock retires 1st 22 Pirates in World Series game
1928 - Paavo Nurmi runs world record 10 miles (50:15.0)
1928 - Race Tafari Makonnen crowned king of Abyssinia
1929 - Ramsay MacDonald is 1st British premier to address US Congress
1931 - 1st infra-red photograph, Rochester, NY
1933 - NY Giants beat Washington Senators, 4 games to 1 in 30th World Series
1935 - Detroit Tigers beat Chicago Cubs, 4 games to 2 in 32nd World Series
1935 - Himmler/Hess/Heydrich bezichtigen concentration camp Dachau
1936 - 7th-place Brooklyn Dodgers fire manager Casey Stengel
1937 - Johan Wagenaar's "Feestmars" premieres in Amsterdam
1938 - Germany requires all Jewish passports be stamped with letter J
1940 - Reds Bucky Walters is 1st pitcher in 14 years to homer in World Series
1940 - World War II: the McCollum memo proposes bringing the U.S. into the war in Europe by provoking the Japanese to attack the United States.
1941 - German army occupies Viarma, USSR
1942 - 1 salvo Katjoesja-rocket destroys nazi battalion in Stalingrad
1942 - Last camouflaged German raider Komet leaves Flushing harbor (Neth)
1942 - Maxwell Andersons "Eve of St Mark," premieres in NYC
1942 - US & British government announce establishment of United Nations
1942 - Yvon Robert beats Bill Longson in Montreal, to become wrestling champ
1943 - Weill/Perelman/Nash' musical "One Touch of Venus," premieres in NYC
1944 - Allies bombs sea dikes at Vlissingen
German WWII Field Marshal Erwin RommelGerman WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel 1944 - Field Marshal Erwin Rommel ordered to return to Berlin
1944 - Riots in Amersfoort/Utrecht/Strugle
1944 - Uprising at Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp, Jews burn down crematoriums
1945 - Dutch author A M de Jong's murderer Ton van Gog escapes
1946 - Charles Ives' 2nd string quartet, premieres
1947 - Larry MacPhail resigns as Yank GM after final game of World Series
1949 - German Democratic Republic formed from Russian occupation zone (National Day). Wilhelm Pieck becomes 1st president, Otto Greatwohl becomes 1st premier
1950 - NY Yankees sweep Philadelphia Phillies in 47th World Series
1950 - US forces invade Korea by crossing 38th parallel
1950 - Walter Bedell Smith replaces Roscoe H Hillenkoetter as 4th CIA head
1950 - Whitey Ford wins his 1st World Series game, 5-2
1950 - William H Jackson, becomes deputy director of CIA
1950 - Yanks win 13th world championship sweeping Phillies
First Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-GurionFirst Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion 1951 - David Ben-Gurion forms Israeli government
1952 - NY Yankees beat Dodgers 4 games to 3 in 49th World Series
1952 - 1st "Bandstand" broadcast in Philadelphia on WFIL-TV (Dick Clark joins in 1955 as a substitute-host)
1952 - Yankees tie their own record of 4 consecutive World Series wins
1953 - Bill Veeck tells Browns stockholders he faces bankruptcy unless they drop their suit to block his move to Baltimore, they comply
1954 - Hassan el Hodeiby, leader of Moslem brothership, arrested in Egypt
1954 - Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Ad Sinarum gentem
1955 - Aircraft carrier USS Saratoga launched at Brooklyn
Beat Poet Allen GinsbergBeat Poet Allen Ginsberg 1955 - Beat poet Allen Ginsberg reads his poem "Howl" for the first time at a poetry reading in San Francisco.
1956 - Mary Lena Faulk wins LPGA Heart of America Golf Open
1957 - "American Bandstand" premieres
1957 - KOAC TV channel 7 in Corvallis, OR (PBS) begins broadcasting
1957 - Louise Suggs wins LPGA Heart of America Golf Invitational
1958 - Potter Stewart appointed to US Supreme Court
1958 - US manned space-flight project renamed Project Mercury

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 232

1573 - William Laud, English archbishop of Canterbury (1633-45)
1576 - John Marston, English writer (d. 1634)
1577 - Ferdinand, of Bayern, prince-bishop of Liege/archbishop
1589 - Maria Magdalena of Austria, Grand Duchess of Tuscany (d. 1631)
1698 - Henri Madin, composer
1713 - Granville Elliott, British military officer (d. 1759)
1728 - Caesar Rodney, Delaware, judge/signer (Declaration of Independence)
1734 - Ralph Abercromby, English army commander (Dutch Guyana)
1744 - Sergey Vyazmitinov, Russian general and statesman (d. 1819)
1746 - William Billings, Boston Mass, hymn composer (Rose of Sharon)
1748 - Charles XIII, King of Sweden (1809-18)/Norway (1814-18)
1758 - Paul Anton Wineberger, composer
1769 - Solomon Sibley, American politician (d. 1846)
1774 - Ferdinando Orlandi, composer
1786 - Louis-Joseph Papineau, Canadian lawyer and politician (d. 1871)
1798 - Jean B Vuillaume, French violin maker (octobas)
1801 - Adolf Muller, composer
1802 - Bernhard Molique, German violinist and composer
1817 - Bushrod Rust Johnson, Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1880
1821 - Richard Heron Anderson, Lt Gen (Confederate Army), died in 1879
1821 - William Sill, with The Underground Railroad
1826 - William Brimage Bate, US Confederate brig-gen/(Gov-D-Tenn, 1882-86)
1835 - Felix Draeseke, composer
1841 - Nicolaas Petrovic Njegos, king of Montenegro (1910-18)
1849 - James Whitcomb Riley, US, poet (Raggedy Man)
1854 - Christiaan R de Wet, South African rebel leader, politician and general in the Boer War
1866 - Martha McChesney Berry, US, founded Berry School for Children
1866 - Wlodimir Ledochowski, Polish-Austrian director of the Society of Jesus (d. 1942)
1868 - Fred H Hovey, tennis champ (US Open-1895)
1870 - Uncle Dave Macon, entertainer
1879 - Joe Hill, Jevla Sweden, organizer (IWW)/songwriter (Union Scab)/martyr
1879 - Joseph Bovet, composer
1880 - Jaime Pahissa, composer
1881 - Mikhail Drozdovsky, Russian general (d. 1918)
Nobel Prize Winning Physicist Niels BohrNobel Prize Winning Physicist Niels Bohr (1885) 1885 - Niels Bohr, Denmark, physicist, expanded quantum physics (Nobel 1922)
1886 - Johannes B Tielrooy, Dutch literary (Chateaubriand)
1887 - A C "Jack" Russell, cricketer (prolific England batsman post-WW I)
1887 - Jack Mulhall, Wappinger Falls NY, actor (Ken Murray Show)
1888 - Henry A Wallace, (D/P) 33rd VP (1941-45)/founder Progressive Party
1889 - Clarence Muse, Balt MD, actor (Sam-Casablanca, Black Stallion)
1892 - Dwain Esper, director (d. 1982)
1894 - Herman Dooyeweerd, Dutch philosopher/lawyer
1894 - Del Lord, American director (d. 1970)
1896 - Cyril Allcott, cricketer (NZ all-rounder in their early Tests)
1896 - Elijah Muhammad, US, leader of Nation of Islam
1898 - Alfred Wallenstein, Chicago Illinois, conductor (Chic Symph 1922-29)
1900 - Heinrich Himmler, a leading Nazi and head of the Gestapo
1901 - Frank X Boucher, Ottawa, All-star NHL center (Ottawa, NY Rangers)
1901 - Ralph Rainger, composer
1901 - Suvanna Phuma, premier of Laos
1902 - Willemina J H "Mascha" ter Weene, dancer/ballerina
1903 - Louis S B Leakey, archaeologist/anthropologist
1904 - Chuck Klein, Indianapolis In, Philadelphia Phillies (43 HRs in 1929)
1905 - Andy Devine, [Jeremiah Schwartz], Flagstaff Az, actor (Andy's Gang)
1906 - James E Webb, head of NASA (1961-68)
1907 - Tutta Rolf, Norway, actress (Whalers)
1907 - Víctor Paz Estenssoro, Bolivian politician (d. 2001)
1908 - Richard Caldicot, London England, actor (Horse's Mouth)
1909 - Shura Cherkassky, pianist
1909 - Anni Blomqvist, Finnish novelist (d. 1990)
1909 - Erastus Corning 2nd, American politician, 72nd Mayor of Albany, New York (d. 1983)
1910 - Henry P. McIlhenny, American philanthropist (d. 1986)
1911 - Joe Jones, Chicago IL, drummer
1911 - Vaughn Monroe, Akron Oh, singer/orchestra leader (Vaughn Monroe Show)
1911 - Shura Cherkassky, Ukrainian classical pianist (d. 1995)
1912 - Fernando Belaúnde Terry, President of Peru (d. 2002)
1913 - Irina Nijinska, Russian/US dancer
1913 - Simon Carmiggelt, Dutch journalist (Het Parool, Kinks)
1914 - Alfred Drake, [Capurro], Brooklyn NY, singer/actor (Kiss Me Kate)
1914 - Sarah Churchill, London, actress (All Over Town, Royal Wedding)
1915 - Margarita J Aliger, Russian poet (Zoja) [NS]
1915 - Roman Padlewski, composer
1916 - Walt W Rostow, NYC, economist (Politics & Stages of Growth)
1917 - Helmut Dantine, Vienna Austria, actor (Shadow of the Cloak)
1917 - June Allyson, Bronx, actress (Till the Clouds Roll By, Vegas)
1918 - Guido Aristarco, film critic
1919 - Gabriel Dell, Barbados, actor (Steve Allen Show)
1919 - George Duby, historian
1919 - Sir Zelman Cowen, Australian politician
1920 - Georg Leber, German politician (SPD), (d. 2012)
1921 - John Arthur Giles Gere, English art historian (Pre-Raphaelite painter)
1922 - Martha Stewart, Bardwell Ky, singer/actress (Daisy Kenyon, Doll Face)
1922 - Reina Prinsen Geerligs, [Leentje Vandendriesch], Dutch antifascist
1922 - Grady Hatton, American baseball player, (d. 2013)
1923 - Irma Grese, Supervisor at Nazi concentration camps
1923 - Jean-Paul Riopelle, Québécois member of Les Automatistes (d. 2002)
1926 - Diana Lynn, LA CA, actress (Annapolis Story, Easy Come Easy Go)
1926 - Ivan Jirko, composer
1926 - Marcello Abbado, composer
1927 - Al Martino, Phila, singer (Here in My Heart)/actor (Godfather)
1927 - R. D. Laing, Govanhill, Glasgow, Scottish psychiatrist
1928 - Sohrab Sepehri, Persian poet and painter (d. 1980)
1929 - Robert Westall, British author (d. 1993)
1929 - Graeme Ferguson, Canadian filmmaker and executive
1929 - Harold Zirin, Boston, Massachusetts, astronomer, (d. 2012)
1931 - Desmond Tutu, Anglican Archbishop of S Afr (Nobel Peace Prize 1982)
1932 - Joannes M Gijsen, Bishop of Roermond
1933 - Paul B Price, Cataret NJ, actor (Busting Loose)
1934 - Imamu Amiri Baraka, [Everett Leroi Jones], US, poet/writer
1934 - Ulrike Meinhof, German Red Army member

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 7 of 7

1776 - Crown Prince Paul of Russia marries Sophie Marie Dorothea of Württemberg.
Kennedy Family Matriarch Rose Fitzgerald KennedyKennedy Family Matriarch Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy (1914) 1914 - 44th US Ambassador to the United Kingdom Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr. (26) weds John F. Fitzgerald's mother, Rose Fitzgerald (24)
1965 - Actress and comedian Phyllis Diller (48) weds actor Warde Donovan
1989 - Radio talk show host Larry King weds Julie Alexander
1995 - "Cheers" actor Ted Danson (47) weds Academy Award-winning actress Mary Steenbergen (42)
2006 - Comedian-actor Tim Allen (53) weds actress Jane Hajduk (39) at an outdoor ceremony in Grand Lake, Colorado
2012 - Media personality Jack Osbourne (26) weds Lisa Stelly on the Big Island of Hawaii

Famous Divorces

Divorces 1 - 2 of 2

Heavyweight Boxing Champion Mike TysonHeavyweight Boxing Champion Mike Tyson (1988) 1988 - Robin Givens files for divorce after 8-month marriage to Mike Tyson
2004 - Actress Andie MacDowell (46) divorces businessman Rhett Hartzog (45) after nearly three years of marriage

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 99 of 99

290 - [Christian] Sergius, roman soldier/martyred saint, decapitated
336 - Pope Saint Mark, bishop of Rome (336), dies of natural causes
929 - Charles III, the Plain, King of France (893-929), dies
1368 - Lionel of Antwerp, 1st Duke of Clarence, son of Edward III of England (b. 1338)
1488 - Andrea del Verrochio, sculptor/painter/goldsmith, dies at about 52
1553 - Cristóbal de Morales, Spanish composer (bc. 1500)
1555 - Louis of Praet, Habsburg diplomat (b. 1488)
1571 - Müezzinzade Ali Pasha, Turkish fleet commander, dies in the Battle of Lepanto
1577 - George Gascoigne, English poet
1612 - Menso Alting, Dutch reformed vicar/theologist, dies at 70
1620 - Stanisław Żółkiewski, Polish military leader (b. 1547)
1637 - Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy (b. 1587)
1639 - John I Pontanus, physicist/historian (Amsterdam), dies at 68
1651 - Jacques Sirmond, French Jesuit scholar (b. 1559)
1653 - Fausto Poli, Italian Catholic priest (b. 1581)
1660 - Paul Scarron, French, stagewriter (Le Roman Comique), dies at 50
1681 - Nicolaas Heinsius, Dutch philological/diplomat, dies at 61
1708 - Guru Gobind Singh, tenth Sikh Guru (b. 1666)
1766 - Andre Cheron, composer, dies at 71
1772 - John Woolman, American Quaker preacher and abolitionist (b. 1720)
1777 - Simon Fraser, English general, dies in battle
1780 - Patrick Ferguson, English major in SC, dies in battle at 36
1787 - Henry Muhlenberg, German-born founder of the U.S. Lutheran Church (b. 1711)
American Statesman George MasonAmerican Statesman George Mason (1792) 1792 - George Mason, American statesman, advocated for "The Bill of Rights" (b. 1725)
1793 - Wills Hill, 1st Marquess of Downshire, English politician (b. 1718)
1796 - Thomas Reid, Scottish philosopher (b. 1710)
1800 - Gabriel, slave revolt leader (Virginia), hanged
1811 - August R van Hekeren van Suideras, Dutch orangist, dies at 68
1849 - Edgar Allan Poe, American writer, poet and critic, dies in Baltimore at 40
1864 - Alexander Gardiner, US Union brig-general, dies in battle
1864 - John Gregg, US judge/Confederate brig-general, dies in battle at 36
Author Edgar Allan PoeAuthor Edgar Allan Poe (1849) 1887 - George James Webb, composer, dies at 84
1890 - John Hill Hewitt, composer, dies at 89
1894 - Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr., American writer (b. 1809)
1903 - Rudolf Lipschitz, German mathematician (b. 1832)
1906 - Honoré Beaugrand, Canadian journalist and politician, mayor of Montreal (b. 1848)
1911 - John Hughlings Jackson, English neurologist (b. 1835)
1915 - Samuel Prowse Warren, composer, dies at 74
1918 - C Hubert H Parry, Engl musicologist/composer (Jerusalem), dies at 70
1919 - Alfred Deakin, second Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1856)
1924 - Clemens Baeumker, German historian (Christian Philosophy), dies at 71
1925 - Hubert Platt Main, composer, dies at 86
1925 - Christy Mathewson, American baseball player (b. 1880)
1926 - Emil Kraepelin, German psychologist (b. 1856)
1939 - Harvey (William) Cushing, US neurologist, dies at 70
1943 - Eugeniusz Bodo, Polish actor (b. 1899)
1943 - Radclyffe Hall, British author (b. 1880)
1951 - Anton F Philips, CEO (Philips), dies at 77
1956 - Clarence Birdseye, American inventor (b. 1886)
1959 - Mario Lanza, opera singer, dies at 38 of a heart attack
1959 - PM Kassem of Iraq, assassinated
1962 - Mauritius Dekker, [Boris Robazki], writer (Boots in Jail), dies at 66
1963 - Grace Darmond, silent screen actress (Below the Surface), dies at 69
1963 - Gustaf Gründgens, German actor and director (M), dies of internal hemorrhage at 63
1964 - Eugen Varga, Hungarian/Russian economist/politician, dies at 84
1966 - Johnny Kidd, rocker (Johnny Kidd & Pirates), dies at 26 in a car crash
1966 - Smiley Lewis, [Overton Amos Lemons], rocker, dies at 46
1967 - Norman Angell (Lane), English journalist/pacifist (Nobel 1933), dies
1969 - Léon Scieur, Belgian cyclist (b. 1888)
1976 - Nikolai Lopatnikoff, composer, dies at 73
1981 - Wouter Paap, composer, dies at 73
1981 - Albert Cohen, Greek-born Swiss novelist (b. 1895)
1988 - Billy Daniels, singer, dies of cancer at 73
1990 - J Teengs Gerritsen, resistance fighter, dies
1990 - John "Cat" Thompson, basketball hall of famer, dies at 84
1990 - Juan Jose Arevalo, president of Guatemala (1945-51), dies
Baseball Player and Manager Leo DurocherBaseball Player and Manager Leo Durocher (1991) 1991 - Leo Durocher, baseball player and manager (Dodgers, Giants), dies at 86
1992 - Allan Bloom, author (Closing of the American Mind), dies at 62
1992 - Ed Blackwell, US jazz drummer (Quartet), dies
1992 - Tevfik Esenç, last known speaker of Ubykh (b. 1904)
1993 - Agnes de Mille, choreographer (Oklahoma!, Rodeo), dies at 88
1993 - Cyril Cusack, actor (Fahrenheit 451), dies of neuron disease at 82
1993 - Kenneth Nelson, US/English actor (Boys in the Band), dies at 63
1994 - James Hill, director, dies at 75
1994 - Niels Kaj Jerne, Danish immunologist (Nobel prize 1984), dies at 82
1994 - Paul Swift, US actor (Egg Man in Pink Flamingo), dies of AIDS at 60
1995 - Ariston Muguranayanga Chambati, politician/businessman, dies at 59
1995 - Louis Meyer, Indie 500 racer (3 wins), dies at 91
1996 - Charles Wegg Solicitor-Prosser, dies at 86
1998 - Arnold Jacobs, American tuba player a.k.a. Song and Wind (b. 1915)
2001 - Christopher Adams, British-born pro wrestler and judoka (b. 1955)
2001 - Herblock, American cartoonist (b. 1909)
2001 - Roger Gaudry, French Canadian chemist, businessman and corporate director (b. 1913)
2003 - Izzy Asper, Canadian tax lawyer (b. 1932)
2003 - Arthur Berger, American composer (b. 1912)
2003 - Wally George, American conservative TV commentator (b. 1931)
2004 - Ken Bigley, British civil engineer, kidnapped and murdered in Iraq (b. 1942)
2005 - Charles Rocket, American actor (b. 1949)
2006 - Anna Politkovskaya, Russian journalist (b. 1958)
2007 - Norifumi Abe, Japanese motorcycle racer (b. 1975)
2007 - George E. Sangmeister, American politician (b. 1931)
2008 - Leslie Hardman, Jewish Orthodox rabbi (b. 1913)
2009 - Irving Penn, American photographer (b. 1917)
2010 - Antonie Kamerling, Dutch actor (b. 1966)
2010 - Milka Planinc, former PM of Yugoslavia (b. 1924)
2010 - T Lavitz, American musician (b. 1956)
2011 - Ramiz Alia, the former communist leader and first president of the Albanian pluralist (b. 1925)
2012 - John Martin Tchicai, Danish saxophonist, dies at 76
2013 - Patrice Chéreau, French film and opera director, dies from lung cancer at 68

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