This Day in History for 8th October

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 182

314 - Battle at Cibalae: Roman emperor in the west Constantine beats emperor in the eas tLicinius
451 - Council of Chalcedon (4th ecumenical council) opens
876 - Battle at Andernach: Louis the Young beats Charles the Bare
1075 - Dmitar Zvonimir is crowned king of Croatia.
1085 - San Marcos minstery in Venice initiated
1480 - Great standing on the Ugra river, a standoff between the forces of Akhmat Khan, Khan of the Great Horde, and the Grand Duke Ivan III of Russia, which resulted in the retreat of the Tataro-Mongols and eventual disintegration of the Horde.
1492 - Columbus' fleet about 400 sea miles from Puerto Rico
1600 - San Marino adopts constitution
1604 - Supernova "Kepler's nova" first sighted
1625 - Admiral George Villiers' fleet sails from Plymouth to Cadiz
1633 - Massachusetts Bay Colony forms its first government
Explorer of the New World Christopher ColumbusExplorer of the New World Christopher Columbus 1690 - Turkish troops occupy Belgrade
1712 - French privateer Jacques Cassard seen on Suriname coast
1740 - Chinese assault on Diestpoort Batavia
1769 - Captain James Cook lands in New Zealand (Poverty Bay)
1775 - Officers decide to bar slaves & free blacks from Continental Army
1806 - British forces lay siege to French port of Boulogne using Congreve rockets, invented by Sir William Congreve
1813 - Treaty of Ried between Bayern & Austria
1815 - Joachim Murat's forces land at Pizzo, Italy
1818 - Two English boxers are first to use padded gloves
1821 - The government of General José de San Martín establishes the Peruvian Navy.
1822 - First eruption of Galunggung (Java) sends boiling sludge into valley
Naturalist Charles DarwinNaturalist Charles Darwin 1835 - Charles Darwin reaches James Island, Galapagos archipelago, on HMS Beagle
1840 - First Hawaiian constitution proclaimed
1856 - The Second Opium War or second Anglo-Chinese War: begins with the Arrow Incident on the Pearl River.
1860 - Telegraph line between LA & SF opens
1862 - Battle of Perryville, KY- Confederate invasion halted
1862 - Otto Von Bismarck becomes chancellor of the German Empire
1865 - Earthquake in Santa Cruz Mountains
1871 - Gas explosion destroys Peshtigo, Wisconsin
1871 - Great Fire kills 200, destroys over 4 square miles (10 square km) of Chicago buildings, & original Emancipation Proclamation
German Statesman Otto Von BismarckGerman Statesman Otto Von Bismarck 1873 - First women's prison run by women opens at Indiana Reformatory Institute
1879 - War of the Pacific: the Chilean Navy defeats the Peruvian Navy in the Battle of Angamos, Peruvian Admiral Miguel Grau is killed in the encounter.
1886 - Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Noble Bachelor" (BG)
1887 - Phillies set club record 16th straight victory
1892 - Sergei Rachmaninoff first performs "Prelude in C-sharp-Minor" in Moscow
1895 - Ohio Valley Improvement Association forms
1896 - Dow Jones starts reporting an average of selected industrial stocks
1897 - Emperor Karl Joseph I named Gustav Mahler director of Opera
1898 - First Canadian Intercollegiate football game: McGill beats Queen's, 3-2
1903 - J M Synge's "In the Shadow of the Glen" premieres in Dublin
1904 - 1st Vanderbilt Cup auto race (Hicksville, Long Island, NY)
1906 - Karl Nessler demonstrates first 'permanent wave' for hair in London
1908 - NY Giants set season attendance record at 910,000 (broken in 1920)
1909 - Chicago Cubs beat NY Giants 4-2 in a playoff to win NL pennant
1912 - Montenegro declares war on Turkey, beginning 1st Balkan War
1915 - Battle of Loos WWI, almost 430,000 French, British & Germans killed
1915 - Phillies win their 1st & only World Series game before 1980, beating Red Sox, 3-1, with an 8th inning 2 run rally
Russian Revolutionary Leon TrotskyRussian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky 1917 - Leon Trotsky named chairman of the Petrograd Soviet as Bolsheviks gain control
1918 - American soldier Sgt Alvin York single-handedly kills 25, captures 132 Germans
1922 - NY Giants beat Yankees, 4 games to 0, with a tie in 19th World Series
1924 - British Labour government of Ramsay MacDonald falls to Conservatives
1927 - NY Yankees sweep Pirates in 24th World Series
1927 - Sea battle at Navarino (Greece freed of Ottoman occupation)
1928 - Cole Porter & E Ray Goetz' musical "Paris" premieres in NYC
1928 - Eastern Soccer League forms in USA
1928 - Joseph Szigeti debuted Alfredo Casella's Violin Concerto.
1929 - A's Howard Ehmke (7-2) sets World Series record striking out 13 Cubs
1929 - Mohammed Nadir Khan occupies Kabul Afghanistan/drives out H Ghazi
1930 - Phila A's beat St Louis Cards, 4 games to 2 in 27th World Series
1932 - The Indian Air Force is established.
1933 - Coit Tower dedicated in San Francisco as a monument to firefighters
1933 - Martinez Barrios forms new Spanish government
Aviator Charles LindberghAviator Charles Lindbergh 1934 - Bruno Hauptmann is indicted for murder of Charles Lindbergh's son
1938 - G Kaufman & Moss Hart's "Fabulous Invalid" premieres in NYC
1939 - Germany annexes Western Poland
1939 - NY Yankees sweep Reds in 36th World Series, 4th straight WS win
1940 - Cin Reds beat Detroit Tigers, 4 games to 3, in 37th World Series
1940 - German troops occupies Romania
1941 - Building at Concentration Camp Birkenau begins
1942 - Fight at Matanikau, Guadalcanal (John Hersey-Into the Valley)
Comedian and Actor Lou CostelloComedian and Actor Lou Costello 1942 - Comedy duo Abbott and Costello launch their weekly radio show
1943 - Great Britain establishes bases on Azores
1944 - "Adventures of Ozzie & Harriet" debut on CBS radio
1944 - Samuel Barber's "Capricorn Concerto" premieres
1945 - US President Harry Truman announced atomic bomb secret shared with Britain and Canada
1946 - Kwo-less-shrew selects Gen Chiang Kai-shek as president of China
1946 - Military plane crashes at Christian HBS, 24 die
1950 - 4th NHL All-Star Game: Detroit beat All-Stars 7-1 at Detroit
1950 - Cleveland Browns play Pittsburgh for 1st time, beat Steelers 30-17
33rd US President Harry Truman33rd US President Harry Truman 1951 - "Music in the Air" opens at Ziegfeld Theater NYC for 56 performances
1951 - Ford C Frick replaces Happy Chandler as 3rd commissioner of baseball Warren C Giles becomes president of baseball's National League
1952 - Chinese offensive in Korea
1952 - Harrow and Wealdstone rail crash kills 112 people.
1953 - Birmingham Alabama, bars Jackie Robinson's Negro-White All-Stars from playing there Robinson gives in & drops white players from his group
1953 - WTAP TV channel 15 in Parkersburg-Marietta, WV (NBC) begins
1955 - World's most powerful aircraft carrier, USS Saratoga, launched
Baseball Player Jackie RobinsonBaseball Player Jackie Robinson 1956 - Don Larsen, NY, pitches only perfect World Series game, vs Brooklyn
1957 - Brooklyn Dodgers announce move to Los Angeles
1957 - Procter & Gamble director N McElroy becomes US Secretary of Defense
1957 - Soviet spy Jack Sobel sentenced to 7 years (NYC)
1957 - Turkish & Syrian border guards exchange fire
1958 - Braves Eddie Mathews strikes out for World Series record 11th time
1958 - Dr Ake Senning installs first pacemaker (Stockholm)
1958 - KCMT TV channel 7 in Alexandria, MN (CBS/NBC/ABC) begins broadcasting
1958 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1959 - "At the Drop of a Hat" opens at John Golden Theater NYC for 216 perfs
1959 - Conservatives win British general election
1959 - LA Dodgers beat Chicago White Sox, 4 games to 2 in 56th World Series
1960 - Bobby Richarson hits a World Series grand slammer

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 227

1515 - Margaret Douglas, Countess of Lennox (d. 1578)
1585 - Heinrich Schutz, composer
1619 - Philipp von Zesen, German poet/historian (Amsterdam)
1621 - Maximilian H of Bayern, prince-bishop of Liege/bishop of Hildesheim
1676 - Benito Jerónimo Feijóo y Montenegro, Spanish scholar (d. 1764)
1690 - Jaime de Casellas, composer
1692 - Antonio Palella, composer
1697 - Cornelis Consolation, Dutch portrait painter (Unseemly Love)
1713 - Yechezkel Landau, Polish rabbi and Talmudist (d. 1793)
1715 - Michel Benoist, French Jesuit missionary (d. 1774)
1720 - Jonathan Mayhew, American minister (d. 1766)
1740 - Michel-Julien Mathieu, composer
1747 - Johann Wilhelm Stadler, composer
1747 - Jean-François Rewbell, French politician (d. 1807)
1748 - Franz Seydelmann, composer
1765 - Harman Blennerhassett, Irish lawyer (d. 1831)
1789 - John Ruggles, American politician (d. 1874)
1789 - William John Swainson, English naturalist and artist (d. 1855)
1790 - Waldemar Thrane, composer
1802 - Peter Hofstede, the Great, Dutch reformed theologist
1813 - Carl Ludwig Amand Mangold, composer
1818 - John Henninger Reagan, Atty Gen (Confederacy)
1820 - Stanislaw Katski, composer
1826 - Matt Whitaker Ransom, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1904
1828 - Francisque Sarcey, French writer/critic
1831 - Michal Jelski, composer
1834 - Walter Kittredge, American musician (d. 1905)
1837 - Otto Winter-Hjelm, composer
1838 - John Milton Hay, politician (Union), died in 1905
1850 - Henri Louis le Chatelier, French chemist (d. 1936)
1855 - Gustav Ehrismann, German germanist
1860 - Felix Woyrsch, composer
1861 - Theodore Roberts, SF CA, actor (Roaring Road, 10 Commandments)
1863 - Edythe Chapman, American actress (d. 1948)
1864 - Ozias Leduc, Québécois painter (d. 1955)
1868 - Max Slevogt, German painter
1869 - J Frank Duryea, inventor (1st auto built & operated in US)
1870 - Louis Vierne, composer
1872 - John Cowper Powys, British writer (Wood & Stone)
1873 - Ejnar Hertzsprung, Denmark, astronomer (Hertzsprung-Russell diagram)
1874 - Nance O'Neil, Oakland CA, actor (Cimarron)
1875 - Hugh L Doherty, tennis champ (US Open-1903)
1877 - Hans Heysen, German-born landscape artist (d. 1968)
1880 - Ernest F E Douwes Dekker, Dutch founder (National-India Party)
1883 - Otto Heinrich Warburg, German physician, Nobel laureate (d. 1970)
1883 - Dick Burnett, American musician (d. 1977)
1884 - Walther von Reichenau, German military officer (d. 1942)
1885 - William Henry Bennett Vodery, composer
1887 - Huntley Gordon, Canadian actor (d. 1956)
1888 - Clifford Heatherley, Preston England, actress (For Love or Money)
1889 - C. E. Woolman, American airline founder (d. 1966)
1890 - Cyril Rutherford "Snuffy" Browne, cricketer (pioneer WI Test player)
1890 - Eddie Rickenbacker, aviator "Ace of Aces" (WW I)
1890 - Philippe Thys, Belgian cyclist (d. 1971)
1893 - Orovida Camille Pissarro, Epping England, British painter and etcher
1895 - Jeanne G van Schaik-Willing, Dutch author (Sinner & the Girl)
1895 - Juan Peron, Argentine Pres (1946-55, 1973-74)
1895 - King Zog I, of Albania (1928-1939)
1896 - Julien Duvivier, French film director (d. 1967)
1897 - Rouben Mamoulian, movie director/author (Mark of Zorro, Applause)
1898 - Clarence Williams, composer
1899 - Milner Connorton Gray, designer
1899 - Pandit Rambharos Gangaram Panday, Suriname relig leader/co-found (VHP)
1900 - Geoffrey Alan Jellicoe, landscape architect
1900 - Serge Chermayeff, architect/designer
1900 - Zeno Octavian Vancea, composer
1901 - Eivind Groven, composer
1903 - Lina Radke, Germany, 800m runner (Olympic-gold-1928)
1907 - Howard Joslin, GA, actor (Quebec, Detective Story)
1908 - Paul Van Buskirk Yoder, composer
1909 - Bill Hewitt, NFL end (Chicago Bears, Philadelphia Eagles)
1910 - Raymod Gray Lewis, Ontario Canada, 4X400 relayer (Olympic-bronze-1932)
1910 - Kirk Alyn, American actor (d. 1999)
1910 - Gus Hall, American union organizer and head of the U.S. Communist Party (d. 2000)
1913 - Walter Schumann, NYC, choral director (Ford Show)/composer (Rhenish)
1916 - Spark Matsunaga, (D-Ha-Sen)
1917 - Danny Murtaugh, baseball manager (Pittsburgh Pirates)
1917 - Hans Poser, composer
1917 - Billy Conn, American boxer (d. 1993)
1917 - Walter Lord, American author (d. 2002)
1918 - Ron Randell, Sydney Australia, actor (Loves of Carmen, I am a Camera)
1919 - Bill Anderson, cricketer (played in 1st NZ-Aust Test 1946)
1919 - Kiichi Miyazawa, premier Japan (1991-93)
1920 - Frank [Patrick] Herbert, US, sci-fi author (Dune)
1920 - Maxie Herber, Germany, figure skater pairs (Olympic-gold-1936)
1921 - Abraham Sarmiento, Filipino Supreme Court jurist
1922 - Douglas Gray, archivist
1922 - Svend Westergaard, composer
1924 - Arkady Vorobyev, Middle heavyweight (Olympic-gold-1956, 60)
1924 - Alphons Egli, member of the Swiss Federal Council
1925 - Andrei Donatovich Sinyavsky, writer/critic
1927 - Al Duncan, drummer
1927 - Gigi Durston, Balt Md, singer (Sonny Kendis Show)
1927 - Raaj Kumar, film star
1927 - Torbjorn Falkanger, Norway, took Olympic oath (1952)
1927 - Jim Elliot, American missionary (d. 1956)
1927 - César Milstein, Argentine scientist, Nobel laureate (d. 2002)
1928 - Neil Harvey, cricketer (prolific Australian lefty bat of 50's)
1928 - M. Russell Ballard, LDS apostle
1928 - Bill Maynard, British actor

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 8 of 8

Founder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church Brigham YoungFounder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church Brigham Young (1824) 1824 - Salt Lake City founder Brigham Young (23) weds first wife Miriam Angeline Works (18) in Port Byron, New York
1842 - Princess Sophia weds her cousin duke Charles Saksen-Weimar-Eisenach
1846 - Prime Minister of Canada Charles Tupper (25) weds Frances Amelia Morse (20) in Amherst, Nova Scotia
1934 - South Korean President Syngman Rhee (59) weds Francesca Donner (34)
1935 - Ozzie Nelson marries Harriet Hilliard (Ozzie & Harriet)
1993 - Queen Elizabeth's nephew Viscount Linley (32) weds Serena Stanhope (24)
1994 - "Growing Pains" actress Tracey Gold (25) weds Roby Marshall (29) at St. Charles Catholic Church
2005 - Gilmore Girls" actress Melissa McCarthy (34) weds "Joey" actor Ben Falcone (32) at the Oviatt Penthouse in Los Angeles

Famous Divorces

Divorces 1 - 1 of 1

2010 - Musician Ben Harper (40) divorces actress Laura Dern (43) due to irreconcilable differences after 5 years of marriage

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 120

705 - Abd al-Malik, kalief of Damascus, dies
976 - Jelena of Zadar, Croatian queen
1094 - St Mark, the Evangelist, buried in San Marcos minstery in Venice
1253 - Robert Grosseteste, English Bishop/expert (optica), dies
1286 - John I of Dreux, Duke of Brittany (b. 1217)
1317 - Fushimi, Emperor of Japan (b. 1265)
1604 - Janus Dousa, [Johan van de Does], literature/politician, dies at 58
1606 - John VI the Elder, Count of Nassau, father of 24, dies aged 69
1613 - Sebastian de Covarrubias bon Horozco, lexicographer, dies at 74
1621 - Antoine de Montchrétien, French dramatist
1647 - Christian Sørensen Longomontanus, Danish astronomer (b. 1562)
1651 - Isaac Elsevier, book publisher, dies at 55
1652 - John Greaves, English mathematician (b. 1602)
1656 - Johann Georg I, ruler of Saxon (1611-56, Peace of Prague), dies at 71
1659 - Jean de Quen, French Jesuit missionary
1680 - Elisabeth, abbess, dies at 61
1683 - Philipp Friedrich Boddecker, composer, dies at 76
1686 - Adriaen Paets, Rotterdams regent/diplomat, dies at about 55
1722 - Gerard Callenbach, Dutch admiral, dies at 80
1728 - Anne Danican Philidor, French composer, dies at 47
1735 - Yongzheng Emperor of China (b. 1678)
1754 - Henry Fielding, English lawyer/author (Tom Jones), dies at 47
1771 - John E Loovens, lawyer, dies at 76
1772 - Jean-Joseph Cassenea de Mondonville, composer, dies at 60
Statesman John HancockStatesman John Hancock (1793) 1793 - John Hancock, US merchant/statesman (Decl of Independence), dies at 56
1795 - Andrew Kippis, English non-conformist clergyman (b. 1725)
1803 - Vittorio A Alfieri, Italian earl/writer (Filippo), dies at 54
1809 - James Elphinston, Scottish philologist (b. 1721)
1834 - Francois-Adrien Boieldieu, composer, dies at 58
1842 - Christoph Ernst Friedrich Weyse, composer, dies at 68
1847 - Rose Scott, Social Reformer
1862 - James Streshley Jackson, attorney/Union-brig-gen, dies in battle at 39
1862 - William Rufus Terrill, Union brig-general, dies in battle at 28
1864 - Thomas Jonathan Coffin Amory, US Union-brig-general, dies at about 34
1865 - Heinrich Wilhelm Ernst, composer, dies at 51
1869 - Franklin Peirce, 14th president (1853-1857), dies in Concord NH at 64
14th US President Franklin Pierce14th US President Franklin Pierce (1869) 1869 - Franklin Pierce, 14th President of the United States, dies at 64
1879 - Miguel Grau Seminario, Peruvian Admiral (b. 1834)
1886 - Austin F. Pike, American politician from New Hampshire (b. 1819)
1888 - Jules J baron d'Anethan, Belgian Minister of Justice, dies
1895 - Charles Oberthur, composer, dies at 76
1897 - Martin Pluddemann, composer, dies at 43
1897 - Alexei Savrasov, Russian painter (b. 1830)
1904 - Gustav Ratzenhofer, Austria sociologist/philosopher, dies at 62
1907 - Alfred, Liechtensteins noble of Austrian Herrenhaus, dies at 65
1912 - Wilhelm Kuhe, composer, dies at 88
1919 - Eugene Demolder, Belgian writer (Sous la Robe), dies
1925 - Abraham PC of Karnebeek, liberal foreign minister (1918-27), dies
1928 - Larry Semon, comedian (b. 1889)
1931 - Sir John Monash, Australian soldier general (b. 1865)
1936 - William Henry Stark, American business leader (b. 1851)
1936 - Red Ames, American baseball player (b. 1882)
1940 - Robert Emden, Swiss geo/astro physics (Gaskugeln), dies at 78
1942 - Sergei Chaplygin, Soviet engineer
1944 - Wendell Lewis Wilkie, Republican politician, dies at 52
1945 - Herman T Colenbrander, historian, dies at 73
1945 - Felix Salten, Austrian author (b. 1869)
1947 - Felix Salten, [Siegmund Salzmann], Austria writer (Bambi), dies at 78
1952 - Joe Adams, American baseball player (b. 1877)
1953 - Kathleen Ferrier, English alto singer, dies at 41
1953 - Nigel Bruce, actor (Son of Lassie, Spider Woman), dies at 58
1956 - Dirk Koster, literary (New noises), dies at 69
1958 - Ran Bosilek, Bulgarian author (b. 1886)
1962 - Solomon Linda, South African singer and composer
1963 - Remedios Varo, Spanish-Mexican surrealist artist dies of a heart attack aged 54
1964 - Charles Hodge, NYU professor (Answers for Americans), dies at 69
1967 - Clement R Attlee, premier pf Great Britain (1945-51), dies at 84
1969 - Eduardo Ciannelli, actor (Waldo-Johnny Staccato), dies at 81
1970 - Jean Giono, French writer (Hussard Sur le Toit), dies at 75
1970 - Lucien Goldmann, Romanian/French sociologist/philosopher, dies
1970 - Mitr Chaibancha, Thai film actor (b. 1934)
1971 - Christopher Dark, actor (Man Behind the Badge), dies at 51
1971 - Johanna Bordewijk-Roepman, composer, dies at 79
1973 - Gabriel Marcel, writer, dies
1975 - Alberto Hemsi, composer, dies at 78
1977 - Giorgos Papasideris, Greek country singer, composer, lyricist (b. 1902 )
1978 - Jim Gilliam, coach (LA Dodgers), dies at 49
1978 - Karl Swenson, actor (Lara-Little House on the Prairie), dies at 70
1978 - Tibor Serly, Hungarian violist/composer (American Elegy), dies at 76
1979 - June Nash, actress (Strange Cargo, Dynamite), dies at 68
1982 - Fernando Lamas, actor/director (Lost World), dies of cancer at 67
1982 - Philip J Noel-Baker, English minister (Nobel 1959), dies at 92
1983 - Joan Hackett, actress (Group, Flicks, Rivals), dies of cancer at 49
1984 - Frederick Brisson, producer, dies at 71 after a stroke
1985 - Leon Klinghoffer, hijackers of Achille Lauro, threw him off boat
1985 - Ricardo Bacchelli, playwright/poet (Il malino del Po), dies at 94
1988 - Ernst Hermann Meyer, composer, dies at 82
1990 - B.J. Wilson, English musician (Procol Harum) (b. 1947)
1991 - Natalia Ginzburg, Italian writer (Sounds of the Night), dies at 75
1992 - Willy Brandt, chancellor of West Germany (1969-74), dies of cancer at 78
1993 - Manke Nelis, [Cornelis Pieters], singer (Aunt Saar), dies at 73
1994 - Brian Hartley, mathematician, dies at 55
1994 - Diana Churchill, actress (Spider, Sally Bishop), dies at 81
1994 - John the King, CDA-minister of Social Businesses, dies at 68
1994 - Manual Pina, fashion Designer, dies at 50
1995 - Christopher Keene, musician, dies at 48
1995 - Frederick Harry Baines, painter, dies at 85
1995 - John Cairncross, linguist (5th Man), dies at 82
1995 - Terry Hawkins, theatre administrator, dies at 45
1996 - Geoffrey Finsberg, politician, dies at 70

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