This Day in History for 12th September

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 212

1015 - Henry I becomes Count of Leuven
1213 - Battle at Muret: Crusade of Simon de Montfort beat Pedro II of Aragon
1217 - French prince Louis & English King Henry III sign peace treaty
1229 - The Aragonese army under the command of James I of Aragon disembarks at Santa Ponça, Majorca, with the purpose of conquering the island.
1396 - Crusaders under earl of Nevers reaches Nicopolis
1543 - Treaty of Venlo: Duke Willem of Gulik & Emperor Charles V
1556 - Emperor Charles abdicates in favour of his brother Ferdinand I
1624 - 1st submarine tested (London)
1635 - Sweden & Poland sign ceasefire Treaty of Stuhmsdorf
1639 - Viceroy Thomas Wentworth sails back to England
1673 - Prince Willem III occupies Naarden
1683 - Austro-Ottoman War: Battle of Vienna - several European armies join forces to defeat the Ottoman Empire.
1695 - NY Jews petition governor Dongan for religious liberties
1703 - Emperor Leopold I ends contacts on Spanish heritage
1703 - English army under arch duke Charles of Austria lands in Portugal
1720 - Isaak of Hoornbeek elected Dutch pension advisor
1722 - Russian troops occupy Baku & Derbent on Persia
1733 - Polish Landowners select Stanislaw Lesczynski king
1745 - Duke of Toscane chosen German emperor Frans I Stefanus
1751 - Amsterdam refuses establishment of Jewish ghetto
1758 - Charles Messier observes Crab Nebula & begins catalog
1759 - British soldiers capture the town of Quebec.
1776 - Nathan Hale leaves Harlem Heights Camp (127th St) for spy mission
1787 - Black Masons form 1st lodge
1814 - Battle of North Point fought near Baltimore during War of 1812
1847 - Mexican-American War: the Battle of Chapultepec begins.
1848 - Switzerland becomes a Federal state.
1857 - 423 die when "Central America" sinks off Cape Romain SC
1862 - Battle of Harpers Ferry VA
1867 - 2nd synagogue in Curacao, Emanu-El of Willemstad, inaugurated
1874 - 1874 The District of Maple Ridge, British Columbia, Canada is founded.
1876 - King Leopold II opens Congo-conference
1878 - Cleopatra Needle installed in London
1882 - Belgian King Leopold II receives Pierre de Brazza
1885 - Highest score (35) recorded in any 1st-class soccer match is set
1888 - Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Greek Interpreter" (BG)
1890 - Cecil Rhodes' colonies reach Mashonaland and found Fort Salisbury (now Harare, Zimbabwe).
1895 - Defender (US) beats Valkyrie III (England) in 10th America's Cup
1897 - Tirah Campaign: Battle of Saragarhi
1901 - Arabs attack Gedara Palestine
1906 - The Newport Transporter Bridge is opened in Newport, South Wales by Viscount Tredegar.
1907 - Lusitania arrives in NYC after 5 day crossing of Atlantic (record)
1908 - Canada appoints a Civil Service Commission, initiating a more equitable system for selecting civil servants
1910 - Gustav Mahler's 8th Symphony premieres in Munich with 1028 musicians
1910 - World's 1st female cop, Alice Stebbins Wells, appointed (LAPD)
MLB Pitcher Cy YoungMLB Pitcher Cy Young 1911 - Boston's Cy Young vs Christy Mathewson of Giants, Giants win 9-0
1912 - Dutch Olympian Committee forms (NOC)
1914 - Yankee shortstop Roger Peckinpaugh, 23, becomes youngest manager
1918 - During WW I, US forces launch an attack on German-occupied St Mihiel
1920 - 7th Olympic games close in Antwerp Belgium
1922 - Paavo Nurmi runs world record 5000m (14:35.4)
1923 - Britain takes over Southern Rhodesia from British South Africa Co
1925 - 20th Davis Cup: USA beats France in Philadelphia (5-0)
1927 - Sigmund Romberg's musical "My Maryland," premieres in NYC
Runner nicknamed the Runner nicknamed the "Flying Finn" Paavo Nurmi 1928 - -17] Hurricane in Florida, kills 6,000
1928 - Katharine Hepburn's NY stage debut in "Night Hostess"
1930 - Brooklyn catcher Al Lopez hits major league's last recorded bounce HR
1931 - 51st US Mens Tennis: H E Vines beats George M Lott Jr (7-9 6-3 9-7 7-5)
1932 - Bkln Dodger Johnny Frederick hits his record 6th pinch hit HR
1932 - German government of Papen falls/Reichstag dissolved
1933 - Alejandro Lerroux forms new Spanish government
1933 - Dutch parliament accepts ban on uniforms
1933 - Leó Szilárd, waiting for a red light on Southampton Row in Bloomsbury, conceives the idea of the nuclear chain reaction.
1934 - Estonia, Latvia & Lithuania signs Baltic Entente, against USSR
1935 - 55th US Mens Tennis: Wilmer L Allison beats Sidney B Wood (6-2 6-2 6-3)
1935 - Millionaire Howard Hughes flies his own designed plane at 352.46 mph
Tennis Champion Alice MarbleTennis Champion Alice Marble 1936 - 50th US Womens Tennis: Alice Marble beats Helen Hull Jacobs (4-6 6-3 6-2)
1936 - 56th US Mens Tennis: Fred Perry beats J Donald Budge (2-6 6-2 8-6 1-6 10-8)
1938 - Adolf Hitler demands self-determination for Sudeten Germans in Czech
1940 - 49 die & 200 injured when Hercules Powder Co plant explodes (NJ)
1940 - Italian troops enter Egypt
1940 - 4 teens, following their dog down a hole near Lascaux France discover 17,000-year-old drawings now known as Lascaux Cave Paintings
1941 - 1st German ship in WW II captured by US ship (Busko)
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf HitlerDictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler 1942 - Battle of Edson's Ridge begins at Guadalcanal
1942 - Free-Poland & Belgium asks pope to condemn nazi-war crimes
1943 - Free French lands on Corsica
1943 - Waffen-SS (Skorzeny) frees Benito Mussolini at Gran Sasso
1944 - -16] Hurricane, kills 389 in NC
1944 - Noorbeek & Mheer freed
1944 - US Army troops entered Germany for 1st time
1946 - Court martial convicts Henry de Man to 20 years, in Brussels
1947 - Pirate Ralph Kiner hits his record 8th HR in 4 games
1948 - Invasion of the State of Hyderabad by the Indian Army on the day after the Pakistani leader Jinnah's death.
Italian Dictator Benito MussoliniItalian Dictator Benito Mussolini 1949 - Theodor Heuss elected 1st pres/Conrad Adenauer 1st PM of German FR
1950 - Belgian government dismisses all communist civil servants
1952 - Noel Coward's "Quadrille," premieres in London
1953 - "Carnival in Flanders" closes at New Century Theater NYC after 6 perfs
1953 - Brooklyn Dodgers, clinch NL pennant earlier than any other team
1954 - Betsy Rawls wins LPGA St Louis Golf Open
1954 - Indians sweep Yanks at Municipal Stadium; largest AL crowd (86,563)
1954 - WLBZ TV channel 2 in Bangor, ME (NBC) begins broadcasting
1954 - White Sox win 90th game, 1st time they win this many since 1920
1955 - KNTV TV channel 11 in San Jose, CA (ABC) begins broadcasting
1956 - Black students enter & are barred from Clay Ky elementary school
1957 - Archbishop Makarios of Cyprus visits US
1958 - US Supreme Court orders Little Rock Ark high school to integrate
1958 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1959 - "Bonanza" premieres on NBC-TV
1959 - Janos Kádár becomes premier of Hungary
1959 - Luna 2 launched by USSR; 1st spacecraft to impact on Moon

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 204

1492 - Lorenzo II de' Medici, Duke of Urbino (d. 1519)
1494 - King Francis I of France (1515-47), (d. 1547)
1559 - Lodovico Cardi da Cigoli, Italian painter/architect
1575 - Henry Hudson, England, navigator/explorer (Hudson River)
1605 - William Dugdale, English antiquarian (d. 1686)
1655 - Sebastien de Brossard, composer
1688 - Ferdinand Brokoff, Czech sculptor (d. 1731)
1690 - Peter Dens, Belgian Catholic theologian (d. 1775)
1720 - Frederick Philipse III, NYC, land owner (Bronx, Westchester & Putnam)
1725 - Guillaume Le Gentil, French astronomer (d. 1792)
1740 - Johann Heinrich Jung, German author (d. 1817)
1761 - Georg Friedrich Theodor Wolf, composer
1768 - Bemnjamin Carr, composer
1788 - Alexander Campbell, Irish/US founder (Disciples of Christ)
1801 - Giuseppe Concone, Italian singing-teacher
1803 - Frantisek Matej Hilmar, composer
1806 - Andrew Hull Foote, Rear Admiral (Union Navy), died in 1863
1811 - James Hall, US geologist (Natural history of NY)
1812 - Richard Hoe, American inventor and industrialist (d. 1886)
1818 - Richard Jordan Gatling, US, inventor (hand-cranked machine gun)
1829 - Anselm Feuerbach, German painter
1829 - Charles Dudley Warner, Mass, newspaperman/author (Being a Boy)
1830 - William Sprague, governor of Rhode Island (1859-63)
1852 - Herbert Henry Asquith, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (L, 1908-16), (d. 1928)
1855 - Simon-Napoléon Parent, Canadian politician (d. 1920)
1856 - Johann Heinrich Beck, composer
1857 - George H Breitner, Dutch impressionist painter/water colors painter
1858 - Fernand Khnopff, Belgian painter/sculptor
1871 - Friedrich, Prince of Liechtenstein, Romania
1873 - Sul-To-Wan, [Nellie Conley], US actress (Uncle Tom's Cabin)
1875 - Matsunosuke Onoe, Japanese actor (d. 1926)
1876 - Flor Alpaerts, Flemish composer (Tyl Uilenspiegel, Pallieter)
1877 - Maria "Marie" Hens, Flemish actress (Jane Eyre)
1879 - Fausto Agnelli, Swiss painter
1879 - H de Bie, Dutch lawyer (children's law)
Journalist and Critic H. L. MenckenJournalist and Critic H. L. Mencken (1880) 1880 - Henry Louis Mencken, Baltimore, Md, American newspaperman/critic (Prejudices)
1881 - Daniel Jones, England phoneticist (English pronouncing dictionary)
1887 - George Georgescu, composer
1888 - Maurice Chevalier, Paris, thanked heaven for little girls (Gigi)
1890 - Guido Guerrini, composer
1891 - Adolph Weiss, composer
1891 - Pedro Albizu Campos, advocate for Puerto Rican independence (d. 1965)
1892 - Alfred A Knopf, US, publisher (1966 Alexander Hamilton Medal)
1894 - Billy Gilbert, Louisville KY, actor (Great Dictator, His Gal Friday)
1895 - Alice Lake, Brooklyn NY, silent screen actress (Glamour, Wicked)
1896 - Giuseppe Zoppi, Swiss writer (Il Libro Dell'Alpe)
Physicist/Chemist Irene Joliot-CuriePhysicist/Chemist Irene Joliot-Curie (1897) 1897 - Irene Joliot-Curie, Paris, physicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, (d. 1956)
1898 - Ben Shahn, painter (1964 Arts & Letters)
1898 - Salvador Bacarisse, Spanish composer (d. 1963)
1899 - Gerard Hordijk, Dutch architect/painter
1900 - Eric Harding Thiman, composer
1901 - Ben Blue, Montreal, Quebec, Canadian actor and comedian (Accidental Family, Frank Sinatra Show)
1901 - Ernst Pepping, German composer
1902 - Juscelino Kubitschek, president Brazil (1955-60)
1904 - Gavril Nikolayevich Popov, composer
1905 - Boris Arapov, composer
1906 - Ruvim Pergament, composer
1907 - Joe Lederer, Austrian actress/writer (Drei Tage Liebe)
1907 - Louis MacNeice, Irish poet (d. 1963)
1909 - Spud Chandler, baseball player (AL MVP 1943)
1909 - Donald MacDonald, O.C., LL.D. former president of the Canadian Labour Congress and politician (d.1986)
1913 - Ben[jamin S] Polak, Neth, physician/communist/resistance fighter
1913 - Jesse Owens, track star, spoiled Hitler's 1936 Olympics with 4 gold
1913 - Kenneth Lo, cookery writer/restaurateur
1914 - Rais Amrohvi, Pakistani poet and psychoanalyst (d. 1988)
1914 - Desmond Llewelyn, Welsh actor (d. 1999)
1915 - Billy Daniels, Jacksonville Fla, singer (Billy Daniels Show)
1915 - Frank McGee, American journalist (d. 1974)
1916 - Tony Bettenhausen, American race car driver (d. 1961)
1917 - Christian Geel, Dutch poet/sculptor/artist
1917 - Seamas NacNeill, piper
1917 - Pierre Sévigny, Canadian politician (d. 2004)
1920 - Irene Dailey, NYC, actress (Liz-Another World, Grissom Gang)
1920 - Jan W Schulte Nordholt, Dutch poet/historian (Blossoming Stone)
1921 - Frank McGee, Monroe La, news anchor (NBC Evening News)
1921 - Stanislaw Lem, Lwów, Poland, sci-fi author (Solaris, Invincible)
1922 - Jackson Mac Low, composer
1922 - Viscount Allendale, English large landowner/multi-millionaire
1922 - Ellen Demming, American actress (d. 2002)
1924 - Howard Curtis Nielson, (Rep-R-UT, 1983- )
1924 - Jean Le Poulain, Marseille, France, actor (Divine)
1925 - Dickie Moore, Los Angeles California, actor (Expert, Oliver Twist, Little Men)
1925 - Stan Lopata, American baseball player, (d. 2013)
1927 - Gianna Maria Canale, Reggio Calabria Italy, actress (Go For Broke)
1927 - Ina Muller-van Ast, Dutch MP (PvdA)
1929 - Harvey Lester Schmidt, composer
1930 - Larry Austin, composer
1931 - George Jones, Saratoga Tx, singer (Golden Rings, Oh Lonesome Me), (d. 2013)
1931 - Ian Holm, Ilford Essex England, actor (Himmler-Holocaust)
1931 - Kristin Hunter, [Eggleston], US author (God Bless the Child)
1933 - Stafford Heginbotham, toymaker/Football Club Chairman
1933 - Tatiana Doronina, Russian actress
1934 - Gunther Gebel-Williams, lion tamer (Ringling Bros Circus)
1934 - Glenn Davis, American athlete
1934 - Jaegwon Kim, Korean-born American philosopher
1935 - Allan B Swift, (Rep-D-Washington, 1979- )
1935 - Richard H Hunt, Chicago, sculptor (Pyramidal Construction)
1937 - Daniela Rocca, Sicily, actress (Battle of Austerlitz, Empty Canvas)
1937 - Wesley Hall, West indian/British politician
1937 - George Chuvalo, Canadian boxer

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 8 of 8

Revolutionary Leader José de San MartínRevolutionary Leader José de San Martín (1812) 1812 - Revolutionary leader Jose de San Martin (33) weds María de los Remedios de Escalada at Buenos Aires Cathedral in Argentina
1840 - Composer Robert Schumann marries Clara Wieck
1846 - Poet and playwright Robert Browning (34) weds poet Elizabeth Barrett (40) at Marylebone Church in London
1908 - Winston Churchill marries Clementine Hozier
1936 - "first Irish movie star" actress Maureen O'Sullivan (25) weds film director John Farrow (32)
1953 - Senator John F. Kennedy (36) weds Jacqueline Bouvier (24) in Newport, Rhode Island
2006 - NBA basketball star Tracy McGrady (27) weds CleRenda Harris at the sandy beach in Los Cabos, Mexico
2009 - Platinum-selling rock band "3 Doors Down" lead singer Brad Arnold weds horseback rider Jennifer Sanderford in Escatawpa, Mississippi

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 119

352 - Maximinus van Trier, bishop of Trier/saint, dies
413 - Marcellinus of Carthage, Christian saint
1012 - Guido van Anderlecht, Flemish pilgrim/saint, dies
1015 - Lambert I with the Beard, Count of Leuven, dies in battle at about 65
1185 - Andronicus I Comnenus, Byzantine emperor (1183-85), lynched
1213 - Pedro II, [el Catolico], king of Aragon, dies in battle
1362 - Innocent VI, [Etienne Aubert], Pope (1352-62), dies
1369 - Blanche of Lancaster, wife of John of Gaunt (b. 1345)
1500 - Albrecht III van Saxon-Meisen, duke of Saxon, dies at 57
1591 - Richard Grenville, vice-admiral (Roanoke) dies in battle at 49
1604 - Louis Gunther, earl of Nassau, dies in battle at about 29
1612 - Tsar Vasili IV of Russia (b. 1552)
1642 - Cinq Mars, French plotter, executed
1647 - Joos Banckert, Swiss admiral (Spanish silver fleet), dies at 48
1660 - Jacob Cats, [Father Cats], pension advisor of Holland, dies at 82
1661 - Jacobus de la Torra, RC apostole vicar of Holland, dies at about 53
1665 - Jean Bolland, Flemish Jesuit writer (b. 1596)
1672 - Tanneguy Lefebvre, French classical scholar (b. 1615)
1674 - Claes P "Nicolas" Tulip, mayor of Amsterdam, dies at 80
1683 - Afonso VI, mentally ill king of Portugal (1656-67), dies at 40
1691 - Johann Georg III, Elector of Saxony (1680-91), dies at 44
1695 - Jacob Abendana, Spanish scholar (b. 1630)
1732 - Eugene JP earl the Merode, Belgian marquis of Westerloo, dies at 58
1733 - Francois Couperin "Le Grand", French composer, dies at 64
1739 - Reinhard Keiser, Germ conductor/composer (Markus-Passion), dies at 65
1764 - Jean Philippe Rameau, French composer (Castor en Pollux), dies at 80
1779 - Richard Grenville-Temple, 2nd Earl Temple, English politician (b. 1711)
1789 - Franz Xaver Richter, composer, dies at 79
1806 - Christian Gottfried Thomas, composer, dies at 58
1807 - Edward Miller, composer, dies at 71
1812 - Pyotr I Bagration, Georgian/Russian ruler/general, dies in battle
1815 - Jose Mauricio, composer, dies at 63
1819 - Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher, Prussian general (b. 1742)
1824 - Louis AG baron de Bacler d'Albe, French cartographer, dies at 62
1836 - Grabbe, writer, dies at 34
1870 - Fitz Hugh Ludlow, American author (b. 1836)
1871 - Karl Collan, Finnish composer, dies at 43
1874 - François Guizot, French historian and statesman (b. 1787)
1877 - Julius Reitz, composer, dies at 64
1878 - Friedrich August von Alberti, geologist (Triasic Age), dies at 83
1879 - Peter Arnold Heise, composer, dies at 49
1912 - Pierre-Hector Cardinal Coullie, Cardinal-Archbishop of Lyon
1913 - Major R B Stewart, cricketer (scored 4 & 9 in S Afr's 1st Test), dies
1917 - Eric Lundie, cricketer (WWI Test South Africa v England 1914), dies
1918 - George Reid, fourth Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1845)
1919 - Leonid N Andrejev, Russ journalist/writer (Seven Hangs), dies at 48
1923 - Jules Violle, French physicist and inventor (b. 1841)
1927 - Walther Amelung, German archaeologist, dies at 61
1927 - Sarah Frances Whiting, American physicist and astronomer (b. 1847)
1929 - Rainis, Latvian poet and playwright (b. 1865)
1934 - Catherine Breshkovsky, Babushka/Grandmother of Russian revolution, dies aged 90
1936 - Hermann Hirt, German linguist (Indo-European Grammar), dies at 70
1947 - Harry Rowe Shelley, composer, dies at 89
1953 - Frederick Kuys, cricketer (one Test South Africa v England 1898), dies
1953 - Lewis Stone, actor (Prisoner of Zenda), dies of heart attack at 73
1953 - Hugo Schmeisser, German weapons designer (b. 1884)
1955 - Gustave Vanzype, Belgian literary (La Gazette), dies at 86
1956 - Hans Carossa, German writer (b. 1878)
1956 - Sándor Graf Festetics, Hungarian politician (b. 1882)
1961 - Carl Hermann, German physicist (b. 1898)
1963 - Ben Sealey, cricketer (one Test WI v England 1933), dies
1963 - Mervyn A Ellison, British astronomer (spectrohelioscope), dies at 63
1968 - Tommy Armour, Scottish golfer (b. 1894)
1971 - Lin Piau, Chinese minister of Defense, dies at 63
1972 - William Boyd, cowboy (Hopalong Cassidy), dies at 77
1973 - Eduard Flipse, Dutch conductor/composer, dies at 77
1973 - Marjorie Post, US philanthropic/multi-millionaire ($200m), dies at 86
1977 - Robert Lowell, US poet/pacifist (Near the Ocean), dies at 60)
1977 - Steven Biko, South African black student leader, dies in police custody
1978 - Frank Ferguson, actor (Wagons West, Dynamite, My Gal Sal), dies at 69
1979 - Denis Smith, cricketer (England left-handed batsman 1935), dies
1980 - Lillian Randolph, actress (Roots, Amos n Andy), dies at 65
1981 - Eugenio Montale, Italian poet, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1896)
1982 - Kommer Kleijn, Dutch actor/director (Paul Vlaanderen), dies at 89
1986 - Frank Nelson, actor (Ralph-I Love Lucy, Jack Benny Show), dies at 75
1986 - Jacques-Henri Lartigue, French photographer, dies at 92
1987 - John Qualen, actor (Patch of Blue, Jungle Book), dies
1988 - Alan Bible, (Sen-D-Nev, 1954-74), dies at 78
1988 - Lauris Morstad, NATO commander/CEO Corning Fiberglass, dies at 71
1989 - Anton Lubowski, Namibian attorney/SWAPO, murdered at 37
1990 - Athene Seyler, actress (Make Mine Mink), dies at 101
1991 - Jacques Benoit, [JJM Bayer], poet, dies
1991 - Regis Toomey, actor (You're in the Army Now, Burke's Law), dies at 93
Actor Anthony PerkinsActor Anthony Perkins (1992) 1992 - Anthony Perkins, actor (Psycho), dies from AIDs at 60
1992 - Ed Peck, actor (Zoot Suit, Bullitt), dies of heart attack at 75
1992 - Ruth Nelson, actress (Awakenings, 3 Women), dies at 87
1993 - Charles Lamont, actor/director (Abbott & Costello movies), dies at 95
1993 - Harold Innocent, actor (Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves), dies at 60
1993 - Herman Nieland, organist/pianist/composer, dies at 82
1993 - Raymond Burr, actor (Perry Mason), dies of liver cancer at 76
1994 - Boris B Yegorov, Russian doctor/cosmonaut (Voskhod I), dies at 56
1994 - Douglas MacKenzie Davey, psychometrist, dies at 72
1994 - Major Bill Smith, record producer, dies at 72
1994 - Tom Ewell, [S Yewell Tompkins], US actor (7 Year Itch), dies at 85
1995 - Geoffrey Stokes, rock & roll writer, dies at 55
1995 - Jeremy Brett, [Peter Huggins], English actor (Sherlock Holmes), dies at 61
1995 - John Stuart-Jervis, balloonist, dies
1995 - Lawrence Bernard "Larry" Gales, bassist, dies at 59
1996 - Ernesto Geisel, milt president of Brazil (1974-79), dies at 89
1996 - Geoffrey Bryan Bentley, moral theologian, dies at 87

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