Historical Events on 1st April

Events 1 - 200 of 238

374 - Comet 1P/374 E1 (Halley) approaches within 0.0884 AUs of Earth
527 - Byzantine Emperor Justin I names his nephew Justinian I as co-ruler and successor to the throne
705 - Greek pope John VII chosen as successor to John VI
1064 - Body of bishop Eleutherius of Blandain moved to Doornik
1318 - Berwick-upon-Tweed is captured by the Scottish from the English.
1340 - Niels Ebbesen kills Gerhard III of Holstein in his bedroom, ending the 1332-1340 interregnum in Denmark.
1504 - English guilds/corp goes under state control
1572 - Watergeuzen capture Brielle from the Spaniards, during the Eighty Years' War, gaining the first foothold on land for what would become the Dutch Republic.
1581 - Portugese Cortes subjects himself on Philip II
1663 - Gemert fines unwed motherhood (50 guilder penalty)
1724 - Henry Pelham becomes English minister of War
Satirist Jonathan SwiftSatirist Jonathan Swift 1724 - Jonathan Swift publishes Drapier's letters
1748 - Ruins of Pompeii found
1776 - Friedrich von Klinger's "Sturm und Drang" premieres in Leipzig
1778 - New Orleans businessman Oliver Pollock creates "$" symbol
1789 - US House of Representatives 1st full meeting, NYC, F Muhlenberg 1st speaker
1792 - Gronings feminist Etta Palm demands women's right to divorce
1793 - Volcano Unsen on Japan erupts killing about 53,000
1803 - French law rules the use of intention
1826 - Samuel Mory patents internal combustion engine
Naturalist Charles DarwinNaturalist Charles Darwin 1836 - Charles Darwin aboard HMS Beagle reaches Cocos Islands
1850 - SF County government established
1853 - Cincinnati became 1st US city to pay fire fighters a regular salary
1854 - Hard Times begins serialisation in Charles Dickens magazine, Household Words.
1857 - Herman Melville publishes The Confidence-Man.
1862 - Shenandoah Valley campaign, Jackson's Battle of Woodstock, VA
1863 - 1st wartime conscription law in US goes into effect
1865 - -9] Battle at Blakely Alabama
1865 - Battle of 5 Forks Virginia, signalling end of Lee's army
Moby Dick Author Herman MelvilleMoby Dick Author Herman Melville 1866 - US Congress rejects presidential veto giveing all equal rights in US
1867 - Blacks vote in municipal election in Tuscumbia, Alabama
1867 - International Exhibition opens in Paris
1867 - Singapore, Penang & Malakka become British crown colonies
1868 - Hampton Institute opens
1872 - 1st edition of The Standard
1873 - British White Star steamship Atlantic sinks off Nova Scotia, 547 die
1873 - Mehmed Kemals play "Vatan" premeres in Constantinople
1876 - 1st official NL baseball game (Boston-6, Phila-5)
1881 - Anti-Jewish riots in Jerusalem
1881 - Kingdom post office in Netherlands opens
1888 - Soccer team Sparta forms in Rotterdam
1889 - 1st dishwashing machine marketed (Chicago)
1891 - London-Paris telephone connection opens
1891 - Painter Gauguin leaves Marseille for Tahiti
1891 - The Wrigley Company is founded in Chicago, Illinois.
1899 - NC Mutual opens doors for business
1900 - 1st edition of Dutch newspaper "The People"
1905 - British East African Protectorate becomes colony of Kenya
1905 - SOS first adopted as a morse distress signal (· · · – – – · · ·) by German government
1910 - Dumitru Dan (Romania) completes a 62,137 mile (100,000 m) walk
1912 - Greek athlete Konstantinos Tsiklitiras breaks the world record -in standing long jump jumping 3.47 metres.
1914 - UVS Soccer team forms in Lead
1916 - 1st US national women's swiming championships held
Author Henry MillerAuthor Henry Miller 1918 - Henry Miller's Theater opens at 124 W 43rd St NYC
1918 - United Kingdom: the Royal Air Force is created from the Royal Naval Air Service and the Royal Flying Corps.
1920 - The (Anglican) Church in Wales disestablished
1920 - Stanley Cup: Ottawa Senators (NHL) beat Seattle (PCHA), 3 games to 2
1924 - Crown takes over Northern Rhodesia from British South Africa Co
1924 - Hitler sentenced to 5 years labor but Gen Ludendorff acquitted
1924 - Imperial Airways forms in Britain
1924 - The Royal Canadian Air Force is formed.
1925 - 1st transmission of Danish state radio
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf HitlerDictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler 1925 - Hebrew University, Jerusalem dedicated [see May 9, 1925]
1926 - Halsteren Soccer team forms in Halsteren
1927 - 1st automatic record changer introduced by His Master's Voice
1928 - Chiang Kai-shek's army crosses Yang-tse
1929 - Austrian government of Ignaz Seipel falls
1929 - Doorne's trailer factory in Einsdhoven Netherlands opens
1929 - Louie Marx introduces Yo-Yo
1929 - Luis Buñuel releases "Un Chien Andalou" 24-minute film
1929 - Morehouse College, Spellman College & Atlanta University affiliate
1930 - "Blue Angel" starring unknown Marlene Dietrich premieres in America
Singer/Actress Marlene DietrichSinger/Actress Marlene Dietrich 1931 - Earthquake devastate Managua Nicaragua, kills 2,000
1931 - Jackie Mitchell became 1st female in professional baseball
1933 - Hammond scores 336* v NZ at Auckland, 47 fours 10 sixes
1933 - Heinrich Himmler becomes Police Commander of Germany
1933 - Nazi Germany begins persecution of Jews by boycotting Jewish businesses
1934 - Bonnie & Clyde kill 2 police officers
1935 - 1st radio tube made of metal announced, Schenectady, NY
1936 - Orissa constituted a province of British India
1937 - Aden becomes a British crown colony
1938 - Joe Louis KOs Harry Thomas in 5 for heavyweight boxing title
1939 - US recognizes Franco government in Spain at end of Spanish civil war. Pope Pius XII congratulates Generalissimo Franco's victory in Spain
Spanish Dictator and General Francisco FrancoSpanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco 1941 - Lillian Hellman's "Watch on the Rhine" premieres in NYC
1941 - Navy takes over Treasure Island (SF Bay)
1941 - Nazis forbid Jews access to cafés
1941 - Pro-German Rashid Ali al-Ghailani grabs power in Iraq
1941 - The Blockade Runner Badge for German Kriegsmarine is instituted.
1942 - Allied air raid on harbor city Kupang Timor
1942 - Mexico changes from 3 time zones to 2
1944 - Japanese troops conquer Jessami, Eastern India
1945 - 1st edition of Indonesia Merdeka publishes
1945 - Canadian troops free Doetinchem, Enschede, Borculo & Eibergen
1945 - Ruhrgebied sealed off by US 1st & 9th army
1945 - Sons of Elburger Soccer team forms in Elburg
1945 - US forces invade Okinawa during WW II
1946 - 400,000 US mine workers strike
1946 - Tsunamis generated by a quake in Aleutian Trench strike Hilo, Hawaii
1946 - Van Acker forms Belgian government (without CVP)
1946 - Weight Watchers forms
1946 - Formation of the Malayan Union.
1947 - 1st Jewish immigrants to Israel disembark at Port of Eilat
1948 - H H H Johnson debut as a bowler for West Indies to win v England 10-96
1948 - Faroe Islands receive autonomy from Denmark.
1952 - Big Bang theory proposed in Physical Review by Alpher, Bethe & Gamow
1952 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1953 - J van Bale appointed governor of New Guinea
1953 - KXMC TV channel 13 in Minot, ND (CBS/ABC) begins broadcasting
1953 - Walcott Worrell & Weekes all make centuries in innings v India
1954 - 1st Dutch motorway, Amsterdam-Utrecht, opens
1954 - 1st US Army helicopter battalion forms, Fort Bragg, NC
1954 - Earthquake/tsunami ravage Aleutians, 200 killed
1954 - US Air Force Academy forms
1954 - WQED TV channel 13 in Pittsburgh, PA (PBS) begins broadcasting
1955 - Armed military action taken against bureaucratic strike in Amsterdam
1955 - EOKA-bomb attacks against British government buildings in Cyprus
1955 - WTVT TV channel 13 in Tampa-St Petersburg, FL (CBS) 1st broadcast
1956 - 10th Tony Awards: Diary of Anne Frank & Damn Yankees win
1956 - KPIC TV channel 4 in Roseburg, OR (CBS) begins broadcasting
1956 - Violent clashes in Algeria, kills at least 380
1957 - Trial begins in Budapest against participants october uprising
1957 - WYES TV channel 12 in New Orleans, LA (PBS) begins broadcasting
1957 - World's biggest glass oven used
1958 - KVIQ TV channel 6 in Eureka, CA (NBC/ABC/CBS) begins broadcasting
1958 - Marshal Nikolai Bulganin becomes director of Soviet State Bank
1960 - Census determines the resident population of the United States to be 179,245,000
1960 - 2nd French atom bomb explodes (Sahara)
1960 - France performs nuclear test at Reggane Proving Grounds, Algeria
1960 - Mabry Harper catches a 25 lb Walleye in Tennessee
1960 - U Nu elected premier of Burma
1960 - 1st weather satellite launched (TIROS 1)
1963 - NY Mets purchase Duke Snider from the Dodgers for $40,000
1963 - NYC's newspapers resume publishing after a 114 day strike
1963 - Soap operas "General Hospital" & "Doctors" premier on TV
1964 - 10°F lowest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in April
Musician and Beatle John LennonMusician and Beatle John Lennon 1964 - John Lennon is reunited with his father Freddie after 17 years
1964 - Robert Lowell's "Benito Cereno" premieres in NYC
1965 - South Africa worker's union leader Henry Fazzie sentenced to 10 years
1965 - Syncom 3, 1st geosynchronous communications satellite, passes from civilian to military control
1966 - 1st world festival of black art (Dakar Senegal)
1966 - China premier Tsjoe en-Lai starts "Cultural revolution"
1967 - 1st British ombudsman sir Edward Compton begins work
1967 - The United States Department of Transportation begins operation.
1968 - KEMO (now KOFY) TV channel 20 in San Francisco, CA (IND) 1st broadcast
1969 - Royal Canadian Mint formally forms as a Crown Corporation
1969 - Seattle Pilots trade minor league outfielder Lou Piniella to Royals
1969 - The Hawker Siddeley Harrier (vertical take-off fighter) enters service with the RAF.
1970 - Bud Selig becomes CEO of Milwaukee Brewers
1970 - John & Yoko release hoax they are having dual sex change operations
1970 - Milwaukee Brewers Baseball Club, headed by Bud Selig, purchases the Seattle Pilots for $10,800,000 Although negotiations were conducted over a period of months, it was not until March 13 when a federal bankruptcy referee declared the Pilots bankrupt
1970 - Pres Nixon signs bill limiting cigarette advertisements on 1/1/71
1971 - US/Canada ISIS 2 launched to study ionosphere
1971 - United Kingdom lifts all restrictions on gold ownership
1972 - 30,000 attend Mar Y Sol rock concert, Vega Baja, Puerto Rico
1972 - Major league baseball players stages 1st collective strike
1973 - Betsy Cullen wins LPGA Alamo Ladies Golf Classic
1973 - Japan allows its citizens to own gold
1973 - John & Yoko form a new country with no laws or boundaries, called Nutopia, its national anthem is silence
1974 - Ayatollah Khomeini calls for an Islamic Republic in Iran
1974 - Pioneer Hall opens
1974 - Yourdon, Inc forms
1974 - In the England the Metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties come into being.
1975 - Cambodia President Lon Nol flees for Red Khmer
Apple Co-founder Steve JobsApple Co-founder Steve Jobs 1976 - Stephen Wozniak & steven jobs found Apple Computer
1976 - Conrail takes over operations from six bankrupt railroads in the northeastern U.S..
1976 - Jovian-Plutonian gravitational effect is first reported by the astronomer Patrick Moore.
1977 - Attempt for Moslem state in Chad fails
1977 - NFL decides to experiment with a 7th official in some preseason games
1978 - Philippine College of Commerce becomes the Polytechnic University of the Philippines by presidential decree
1979 - Iran proclaimed an Islamic Republic following fall of Shah
1979 - Joanne Carner wins LPGA Women's Kemper Golf Open
1980 - Baseball Players' Association votes to cancel 92 remaining exhibition games
1980 - Failed assassination attempt on Iraqi vice-premier Tariq Aziz
1980 - France performs nuclear test
Ice Hockey Great Wayne GretzkyIce Hockey Great Wayne Gretzky 1980 - Wayne Gretzky breaks Bobby Orr's record with 103rd assist
1980 - New York City's Transit Worker Union 100 begins a strike lasting 11 days.
1981 - CNN airs a videotape that shows that Tamara Rand predicted that Reagan is in danger from someone named Jack Humley (a hoax)
1981 - Daylight saving time is introduced in the USSR.
1982 - Anguilla (dependent territory of UK) adopts constitution
1982 - US formally transfers Canal Zone to Panama
1983 - Anti-nuclear demonstrators link arms in 14-mile human chain in England
US President & Actor Ronald ReaganUS President & Actor Ronald Reagan 1983 - NY Isle Mike Bossy becomes 1st to score 60 goals in 3 cons seasons
1984 - 14th Easter Seal Telethon raises $24,600,000
1984 - 3rd NCAA Womens Basketball Championship: Southern Cal beats Tenn 72-61
1984 - 8 men record longest distance (13 miles) rowed in 24 hours
1985 - 47th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Villanova beats Georgetown 84-75
1986 - Delhi beat Haryana by innings & 141 to win Ranji Trophy
1986 - US submarine Nathaniel Green runs aground in Irish Sea
1986 - World oil prices dip below $10 a barrel
1989 - 1st NY Met-NY Yankee game in NYC since 1983, Yanks win 4-3
1989 - A Bartlett Giamatti replaces Ueberroth as 7th commissioner of baseball
1990 - "Ha!" comedy Channel on cable TV begins transmitting
1990 - 19th Nabisco Dinah Shore Golf Championship won by Betsy King
1990 - 2nd Seniors Golf Tradition: Jack Nicklaus wins
1990 - 9th NCAA Women's Basketball Championship: Stanford beats Auburn 88-81
1990 - CBS fires sportscaster Brent Mussburger
1990 - It becomes illegal in Salem Oregon to be within 2 feet of nude dancers
1990 - Jack Nicklaus wins 1st start on Senior PGA tour
WWF Wrestler Hulk HoganWWF Wrestler Hulk Hogan 1990 - Wrestlemania VI, 67,678 in Toronto, Ultimate Warrior beats Hulk Hogan
1991 - 53rd NCAA Mens Basketball Championship: Duke Bluedevils beats Kansas 72-65

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